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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, March 12, 1920, Image 2

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Skygac's Column
U 1 1 1 1 1 ' M i n 1 1 ' I " ' 1 1 1 1 1 " 1 1 1 1 M f ' 111 111 1
Koger Babson. Frank A. Vanderlip,
John D. Rockefeller Jr., Theodore
Price, are names to conjure with. If
gny one set of men may be expected
to have an accurate knowledge of the
world's financial pulse these men are
the ones who ought to know economic
and political conditions. Yet these
men sent a message to the Interchnrth
World session, and attended by over
a thousand ministers, that ought te
make the politicians sit up and tako
notice. Here is the message;
"That uo force will serve to maia
tain social order xeeept a rewakening
ef P. national religious spirit."
Of course they mean when they
?ieak of social order, THE (present)
social order $ $ $ $ (of legalized
robbery of the toilers through the
wages system).
They have tried the force of gov
ernment thru the despotic measures
of fuch men as Palmer, Hoyne. Judge
l,andis and their ilk.
They have tried the force of the
constabulary and the state militia end
the standing army.
They have tried the force of politic
al buncome via the too old parties
end the too new ones too.
Now the snoksmen for the econo
mic overlords of capitalism plainly tell
us that NO FORCE except a reawak
ening of a national religious spirit
will save the social order.
If such be the case we might as
well begin now t be reconciled to
our fate, for there is NO HOPE of
any such an awakenink. That same
conference reported one denomination
having 17.000 churches with 12.000 of
tli em vacant every Sunday. The aver
age ministerial salary, less than $900.00
year and country churches falling
at the rate of 11 a year. Such is
the b'oken reed upon which capitalist
rests, according to these spokesmen!
Milo 1). Campbell, chairman of t lie
National board of farm organizations
in a recent message to the national
conference says;
"The V. S. firain Corporation is
about to turn into the National Trea
sury fifty million dollars. profit
made by buying wheat at a legally
fixed price and selling it abroad at a
great profit."
Robbing the farmer and "selling
wheat abroad at a great profit": No
dear reader, this isn't the record of
the terriblo Bolshevikl, neither is it in
the program of ti n reds Tt is the sim
ple truth about what the politicians
of this country are doing. And you
ore partly to blame if you allow them
to do it without protest. We have
heard much of the starving races of
Europe and it is aiir idea that "selling
vheat abroad at a great profit" is
probably one of the direct causes of
tfic starvation. Such proceeduro may
be Christiau, at least the ones doing
it claim to be Christ inns, but it is
mighty poor evidence of their love
for humanity.
Senator Murphy in n letter to (lov.
Edwards writes;
"It is also my prayer that the
Democrat Party will not be so nssinino
as co acted a loader who poes with u
pay-check from the Anti Saloon League
id one hand and a bottle of grip
juice in the other."
He wants a president that will re
main in Washington and look after
the affairs of the nation rather than
to frolic with the squirrels on the
'Champs Elvsees."
That cnbinet of Wilion'n seems to
be an unstable affair. Wilson evidently
rever could qualify as a Cabin maker,
When Lnnsing was "fired" became
he hnd unofficially called the cabinet
together during Wilson's illness, where
was the manhood of the rest of the
an editorial in one of the leading stand
-pat organs of the country a paper
that has always been cock-sure that
everything was all right except for
ihe pernicious activity of the radicals.
Now omes the confession quoted
above. Oh well, murder will out.
The morning paper tells us that
business relations will be open
ed with Soviet Russia for four
reasons, first that Bolshevism is here
to stay, secondly that there is no
9!ich thing as Bolshevism, thirdly that
Eeninc and Trotsky no longer believe
in Communism but i-i Capitalism and
fourthly lhat trade with Russia will
strengthen the bonds oi Capitalism.
I can name their four reasons in
four words, business, bonds nnd profits.
There can be no
corresponding loss.
profit without n
The American Bourgeois? class has
made annrmous profits the past five
years? Who stood the loss that is re
presented by that enormous profit; The
working-class of course. If there was an
enormous profit there must have been
an enormous loss Is it any wonder
the powers that be find it increasingly
iifficult to keep the working class
There is now only one way to keep
the workers contented and that is to
keep them in ignorance of the eco
nomics of industry On: hours study of
the profit nnd loss side of industry
worker discontented with the present
capitalist order of society,
How things have changed! It eaed
to be the way of the transgressor is
hard, but since the days of the Wil
son Palmer -Burleson ad ministration
it can truthfully be said, the way of
the benefactor is hard.
Prohibition has its compensating side
at that. The Revolution will not have
a chance to degenerate into a riimhel-lion.
cabinet? A bunch of good union men ,rfrP the working class has "no sol
would have made Wilson fire the whole
cabinet' Members of the Cnbinet
come nnd go but thru it all Burleson
the Autocrat of the means of commu
nication still sticks.
"The answer is that America needs
to set her house in order from top to
bottom" that was the last line in
Advance in sub
scription price
The subscription price of The
Toiler will be advanced to (1.30
per year beginning April 1st.
We are compelled by the Mi
tantly rising prices of paper and
general printing costs to make
this advance.
A special opportunity will be
givon our readers until April 1st
to renew their subscription at
the old rate of $1.00 a year. This
opportunity li extended to nil
regardless of the time of ex
piration of their subscriptions.
By order of the State Execntive
A Gall to Labor to Stand by its Own
Three Ohio Comrades have been indicted for revolutionary
activities and are being tried in the capitalist courts. The
defense of these comrades will cost hundreds of dollars. The
transcripts of evidence and legal papers alone, will mount to
high figures. The costs must be paid. The comrades deserve
the help of every liberty loving person. The indictments
againdt them are in a way, indictments of the workers and the
political organization which they have formed as a means oi
achievng their emancipation from the chains of wage slavery.
These comrades are among the most loyal workers for Social
ism in this state. Your help in these cases is well deserved
and it is needed at once
Lotta Burke.
Thirteen Socialist Partv members and members of the
Communist Labor Party at Cincinnati, among them Lotta
Burke, member of the State Execntive Comm'ttee of the Com
munist Labor Party of Ohio, are out on bond while their cases
are appealed to a higher court. They have been convicted of
conspiracy to defeat the conscription act at the beginning of
the war against Germany. Any one who knows Lotta Burke
knows the falsity of such a charge. But site has been sentenced
a year and a quarter in the Penitentiary. And she will have to
spend these 15 months in prison unless the sentence is reversed
in a higher court. Money is needed in this case and every
worker should assist in defraying the costs.
Marguerite Prevey.
At this writing, Marguerite Prevey is in jail at Chicago
while her attorneys are attempting to have her released and
returned to Ohio. Elsewhere in this issue, the account of this
case is given. But the tremendous significance of the case of
comrrade Prevey should be realized by every worker and
,-iii make any red-blooded American i mem.,er 0f the Communist Labor Partv. If she is returned to
Ohio and the higher courts deny her extradition to Illinois it
will mean that no Ohio resident can be extradited from this
state on charges of having aided in the organization of the
Communist Labor Party. It will establish the fact that this
working-class political party was i'0T organized for the
purpose of overthrowing the government 'by violence and unlaw
fill means'' as charged in the Chicago indictments. "Winning
this case means the establishment of an absolutely legal status
for the Party and will settle the question of whether it is law
ful or unlawful to be a member of 't.
Because of the erc-it importance of this case, aside from
inr!?o. pZ'0ofSX hi aCsired the purely humanitarian and class character of it, we call
tor an incre-ie of jalnr.v claiming upon every loyal and class conscious worker to help defray the
Charles Baker
During the recent miner's strike, Charles Baker toured the
mining regions of the state of Kansas, He visited many locali
ties and held rousing miner's meetings in all of them. The
striking miners of Kansas, than whom there are no workers
more loyal to their class, attended his meetings by the thou
sands and made them ihe most enthusiastic ever held there.
The capitalist clajs took cognizance of these worker's
meeting's. Thev Raw that if they continued, it meant the rous
ing of the workers nnd the further spread of revolt aga'nst
their exploitation. The capitalist state at once brought into
play it's ready weapon, the Lever act, a war time measure cal
culated to keep the slave class chained to its slavery while the
war profiteers grew sleek and fat off of their toil and sweat.
Because Baker backed up the miners and taught the facts
of the class struggle and their exploitation, he was indicted by
a grand jury at Kansas City. He is now out on bail while
the case is pending. Baker is known to practically every so
cialist in Ohio and lias made hundreds of speeches here and in
odjoining states. No worker in the Movement 's more univer
sally liked than is Baker. His personality, his sincerity and
loyality to the workingclass have won him thousands of admir
lug friends Baker has not a dollar. If he is to have ade
quate defense the funds must be secured from those who
know and value his work for working class emancipation. To
these thousands of friimds of his and to other workers who
appreciate years of conscientious work for our cause, we must
appeal for funds to defend him.
These cases call not for donations of pennies, hut of dollars
and manv of them. Thev must be had at once. Riirht now,
hundreds of dollars are needed' Expenses are piling up daily
and must be paid as the cases progress. We call upon you
who read these lines to give and to collect funds at once for
the comrades' defense. Don't delay, funds arc needed NOW.
Use the blank below to remit your first subscription.
The Toiler, 3207 Clark Ave.
Clevehul, 01. in.
I appreciate what is at I take in these cases.
lOncl 1 find . for defray ing the dotti
i the defense of these comrades.
I The Black Sheep.
mi 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 iiiiiiitnm hi
hat they cannot nViku bo:h ends
meet with their present salary. Every-
hodv seems to be doing it now.
Tl ey never miss an opportunity to
poiat out that the socialists, the
radicals and the reds are an ungodly
bunch absolutely devoid of religion.
Now with the official report that the
chinches are failing at the rate of
11 a year does that mean that tho
reds are gaining at that rate?
Wonder what those striking Cardin
als would do if they were compelled
to live on a workingman 's wagest
.Dr. Edgar F.ih Smith, in leaving
his position at the University of Penn
sylvania, out of love for the insti
tution in whose service be Lai grown
old is quoted by the press as fellows:
,.I have ont a cent in the world
I have been a teacher all my life.
That is a wonderful but unreiiuinera
tive work."
A country can not gracefully brag
of its greatness, when it allows its
teachers to be unrewarded and east
upon the scrap-heap after a lifetinio
spent in usefulness.
;"2,000 Americans emigrated to
'anndn last year. There must be a
With ordinary shoes quoted at
f! 1 4 1 a pair how long will it be
for its foot but the sod"t
Ami there is mighty little sod
the industrial centers'
And what
protected by
there mnv be is
Keep off the Grass.
Pin rls
A booklet for the non socialist.
Order it distribute it.
Street nddiv--
Every Sunday evening T: 30
Good Speakers Live Subjects
Chapt. XXI.
Philosophy (continued)
"Now getting a living and enjoying
life seems to be the object of all 0'ir
striving, and what is more natural to
strive along the lines of least resist
anee. The property owning class ex
ploits us in order that they may live
as it seems best to them: they do
not hate us any more than a hunter
h&tes a duck; we are their legitimate
prey. When we rebel against direct ex
ploitation they kill us; history is full
of such examples as you yourself hnvo
told me. This class struggle of which
you speak is not a matter of morals;
it is a matter of position. And position
depends on two things, first one must
hi at the place of opportunity before
tho eiowd arrives and second he must
have the brain to recognize an ad
vantage when it presents itself and the
courage to make it his own.
"I belong to the working class and
as long as I do, it is to my interest
that they should be organized to pro
tect themselves from the aggressions
of the boss; but believe me the fi'sl
chance I have to get out of it and
live fat in the halls of the mighty
I go. The fat pastures look good to
Jack Thurston."
"Fat chance you have of getting
out of the working class, "ror.r.iked
Collins," now that capitalism is de
veloping by leap; and bounds. Ia a
few years there will not be an op
portunity to get a hold of any pro
perty worth speaking of, if you had
a head as big as a bushel basket, and
a wad as big as a blanket.
"I know it, "Jack answered," but
knowing what the working class is up
against from within and without T can
see for them only a hopeless and
endless struggle: a ceaseless warfare
between the House of Have and the
House of Want, with the adventage
always on the side of the possessing
class. There is an old saying that
possession is nine joints of the law."
"But how are you going to get pos
session except by organized effort."
Rudolph asked.
"Who ever said that yau were go
ing to get possession a3 a class? Slav
es are not bred to possess. I will grant
you that the present masters may be
overthrown by a political or even violent-
revolution: that's only natu
ral. Death conies to all things includ
ing the ruling groups of finance. They
cannot last forever. But because your
ruling groups must pass away that
does not mean that your irresponsible,
nntuallv antagonistic, hopelessly help
less and abjectly servile mass will pos
sess themselves of the reins of power.
Xo, your revolutions have always
meant, and will always mean simply a
change of masters. One croup of dominant:--
falling and another iroup of
dominants rising. I might paraphrase
Tennyson, "Masters come and masters
go. But the slave toils on forever."
"Our class is determined by our meth
od of getting n living. Our method
of getting a living is determined by
onr mental inclinations. Our mental
inclinations arc determined by our
brain type. Our brain types arc de
termined by biological variations, due
t.. certain flukes of nature as yet not
fully understood by science. This also
holds true for masters. Masters rise
from dominant types but are, inter
married with inferior types from time
to time. This destroys their dominance
and another group of masters arises in
their stead. Then there is an another
factor. Masters are simply human.
They arc adapted to the environment
with which they find themselves. But
the evolution of the machinery of
production, the extension of commerce
and trade continually changes that en
vironment and is a great factor in
the rise and fall of master groups. If
my logic is not at fault then the new
masters do not rise from the working
class, nor from the master class but
from that biological third estate thut
belongs to neither: from it arises your
lenders in the financial, the political,
nnd the industrial world. Genius is
what controls human affairs; economic
evolution is what forces the world's
great transformation, tienius rises from
humanity both master and slave. It
knows no class; it knows no heridity,
it is a spontaneous variation that,
meets a certain requirement at a cer
tain time. That and that nlonc is gen
ius. As for the classes they change
from kings to patricians, from patric
ians to priests and nobles, from no
bles to bourgeois, from bourgeois to
mercahant princes. They change to
moet the requirements of industrial de
velopment nnd will continue so to
change ns long as evolution exists. The
blonde beast always on top.
"On the other hand we'vo had tho
slave, the frecdman, the serf, and now
tho wsge slave they too have
changed their form according to the
industrial requirement of each historic
al epoch. Both classes are in tho
grasp of the inexorablo law of devel
opment, l ut both classes remain true
to type, the one as master and the
othei ns slave, and between the two
Is the unrccognired middle ground that
keep up and vitalises both."
"It would be a good thing if you
would croak right now, "said Collins,"
that damned argument of yours would
sow pessimism in the heart of a jump
ing jack. 1 know that you are wrong,
in fact I feel it, but I can't answer
you. At least not yet."
Jack miiled, "if what I say is
truth then how are we going to git
away from it. There is really no use
iu fighting gravitation."
"But Jack see here, listen, "Ru
dolph broke in, waving his hands in
the air." our agitation, our education,
economic development, all will work
together to awaken labor to a con
sciousi.en of its power. will teach
them to recognize the tyranny of
capital, and the benefits of co-operative
efforts. We will teach them how tc
fill the world with peace and plenty,
how to fight the fires of joy on the
lips of love. It is the historic mission
of the working class to take possession
of industry. Karl Marx says so in tho
first, volume of capital, haven't you
read it. He proved it in the Commu
nist Manifesto that labor must awak
en to a consciousness of its collective
power, or as one of the poets put it:
"We shall laugh to scorn your pow
er, that has held a world in we.
Wt shall trample on your customs,
and shall spit upon your law,
Wo shall come up from life's des
ert to your burdened banquet hall,
We shall turn your wine to worm
wood, and your honey into gall."
"Isn't it toe bad that nature's
most beautiful i'lotrers, those which
are so rich in color and fragrance do
never bear seeds Now if we could only
fill the world with souls such as Ru
dolph then all our troubles would be
ever," commented Jack dryly. "But
(lie fact is that the mass of mankind
does not look at things as he does. Is
it well for us to range with science,
glorying in the time. While city
children soil a sicken, Soul and seuse
ir city slime."
And from the other cell Rudolph
continued the quotation, "Where the
master shrimps his haggard feamstress
of her daily bread, Where a single sor
did attic holds the living and the dead,
Where the smoldering fire of fever
crawls across the rotted floor, and the
crowded couch holds incest, in the
warrens of the poor."
"Oh, for God's sake cut it, when
ever you try to talk sense your brain
takes fire, "Collins said." Let's get
back to the subject. History and evo
lution both teach the progress of life
is always in the direction of higher
and better organization. That fact
alone proves to me that labor 's organiz
ation must go and will go on until it
is perfected, and the perfection of
labor's organization will mean its
ownership and control of the socially
necessary means of life. When that is
accomplished, not only labor but tho
world will be free, simply because
labor will be the world."
"Divinely free to work nnd love,
agreed Rudolph.
"It sounds plausible, but to my
mind there is a rattle in it. There is
' snmeth infT Mifiiir it flint i nnf trim t
nature; it sounds too much like an
orthodox sermon. It is a statement of
the desires of your brain and not of
the facts of existence " Said the boy,
Then after a pause he went on.
"I am willing to admit that I may
be mistaken, I am not sufficiently
familiar with human history and
the evolution of industrial processes,
to base an unqualified argument upon
them. But if I am not mistaken, his
tory teaches us how successive genera
tions of men have managed to sur
vive, successive changes in environ
ment. Industrial evolution teaches us
that the changes in production that
have taken place in the past are but
the logical outcome of man's in
creasing need. All history is but the
rtoiy of man's struggle to adapt him-
helf to the changing order of things.
bile I am short en a knowledge of
history, I do know something of na
ture nnd nature's methods. I have learn
ed to observe things ns they are and
since I have been introduced to tho
elnss struggle nnd yon hnve told me
of its history, r hnve noticed three
types in the human race. One typo
whose object in life is to own and
control, another type whose object it
is to produce and bring forth, and still
another between these two that sonde
its members into both classes to re
new and vitalize them when thoy
become old and stade. Nov 1 am wil
ling to admit that this thing may como
to an and. Ae I have said all things
come to an end, and ihe human race
is no exception. Still Industrial mastery
will die out with tho passing of the
markets, then there will arise an in
tellectual master which in Us expres
sion may be more tyrannical than the
industrial masters of today.
"You must not forget that when the
industrial problem is solved thru tho
collective ownership of the means of
production and distribution, grantiug
that that day will come, that the con
flicting types still exist and will ex-
(Cont. on page 4.)

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