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NO. 113 BE A BOOSTER Get a Subscription Published at Cleveland CLEVELAND, 0., FRIDAY, APRIL 2nd 1920. Address all mail to 3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0. $1.50 A YEAR Strangling American Workers BY CHAS. BAKER Kidnapped from the state of Ohio, in much the same way that Mover, Haywood and Pattibone were spirited out of Colorado during: the war of the mine barons on the "Western Federation of Miners, Marguerite Prevey, after spending over four weeks in jail, was released on bond from the Cook Co. jail in Chicago last week, in order to continue her legal fight against the "Law and Order" "physical forcists" headed by States' Attorney Maclay Hoyne. Another dramatic chapter in the rapidly lenghten ing rule of American Carism was written in the efforts , of the state of Illinois to get its clutches upon Mar guerite Prevey of Akron, Ohio, a life long Socialist, indicted by Illinois grand jury on charges of "criminal syndicalism"; when on March 3rd Comrade Prevey was taken from the county jail at Columbus, Ohio, in defiance of the orders of Comanom Pleas Judge Kincaid and kid napped to Chicago. The Columbus papers announced complacently nexi morning that this lawless, anarchistic act had been per formed "on the t'd vice of Prosecuting Attorney Hugo N. Schlesinger." The direct and arrogant contempt of court which was comittod is apparent upon review of what had occur ed in court that day. STAY OF EXECUTION ORDERED. On Wednesday, March 3rd, Judge E. B. Kincaid after investigating the additional evidence furnished by Illinois, seeking extradition of Mrs. Prevey, decided that altho there was "very slim" evidence of any propaganda of vioelnce, he would rule there was enough to authorize the requisition, in order to allow the attorneys for Mrs. Prevey to take the case on error to the Court of Appeals. To enable them to perfect their error proceedings he granted a 48-hour "stay of execution." Tin1 entry containing this ruling and its stay of execution vas filed about 3 P. M. the same day. And aborit one Hour later tiie petition in error bringing the matter on review before the Court of Appeals was filed. Prosecuting Attorney Schlesinger refused to waive service of summons in the error proceeding, a common courtesy among lawyers, and a precipe was filed in the clerks office to have him served in the regular way. All this was done before the courts adjourned on March 34rd. Therefore, Mrs. Prevey was legally secure under tlio protection of the courts of Ohio, her home state, which were to decide wether it was right and lawfull to deport her to Illinois beyond their protection. The next morning, March 4th, the Court of Appeals, then seating at Dayton, approved an entiy granting stay of execution of the judgement until a final decision had been reached in the upper court, this entry was immdiately mailed to Columbus and filed. Had the sup posed guardians of "law and order retained the least shred of respect for the orders of their own courts and 'laws of their own state, which they were sworn to uphold and defend, Marguerite Prevey would have remained safe from extradition, in the Columbus jail until her cause could be heard in Ohio. REMOVED IN DEFIANCE OF COURTS. COMRADE PREVEY S OWN STATEMENT. "T grant a stay of execution for forty eight hours on this requisition to allow attorneys for Mrs. Prevey to prepare their petition in error to The Court of Ap peals, Mi's. Prevey will remain in the custody of the Sheriff, I Avill decide if she is subject to bond at one thirty this afternoon." "This was the statement of Judge Kincaid on "Wednesday, March 3rd. at 11:30 A. M. at Columbus, Ohio, I was taken, back to the County jail and locked up. "About two o'clock that afternoon, the Sheriff of Franklin Co., (Columbus) Police Matron from Chicago, and a local Detective, walked into the womens' dept. of the jail and informed me that I must leave for Illinois at once, I told the Sheriff that I would like to call my attorneys on the phone to notify thorn that I was being taken to Illinois, he said "you can do that wheal Ave got down stairs to the office." When Iarived in the office, I was told that I could not use the phone, I protested, Baying that it was certainly customary, and tlio right of a prisoner to be permitted to confere with their attorney, and that I would refuse to leave until I could do so, appealed to the jailor Mr. Hill, and to the Matron Mrs. Robb, but they said they had orders from the Sheriff and could do nothing, so I was forcibly taken by the Chicago Police Matron, and the Columbus City Detective, placed im a waiting auto and driven to the Station, there I was held incommunicado until after dark, when I was taken out, and placed in an old dolapidated two passenger Ford car, where the three of us, crowded together started a chase over Columbus, up and down the back streets and alleys, the city Detective who was driving the car said he was looking for a gasoline station. "The lighting system and horn of the car wns out of commission, and when xho driver slowed down the engine would only hit on three cylinders, after some time wo finely started out of Columbus, by way of the re- (Continued on page 2.) TH E. TOI LER CAHTi)OM DCPT The British THis is not a Trust -- it ?.s Mary's Little Lamb! WHITEWASHED! Was anybody in the United States surprised when the Supreme Court declared that the Billion Dollar Steel Corporation was not a Trust? If sncii a one exists, let him be produced as the most gigantic freak of modern times! Let us ask in all candor. how would any thing presided over by Judge E. H. Gary be other than holy and sanctified? Were Elbert II. Gary the head of Ali Baba and his Fourty Thieves, intsead of the directing brain of thousands of conscienceless profiteers would any court find his gang of marauders guilty of misdoing? In nil probability they would bo declared a zealous band of Christian apostles and good Samaritans! What is this Steel Corporation? It is a concentration of about all the great stoel industries of America. Organized, do you ask, to cheapen the price of steol to the great consuming public? No, no, no, not to benefit the public nt to burden and bleed the consuming -blic by higher prices to further swell tno. fortunes of few. This colossal deal was engineered by the elder Morgan, and it was of such a vast and mighty ventury, that he, prince of capitalistic, jugglers, was nervous of its outcome but it worked! After all the best paying plants of America had been drawn into this or ganization, prices of all steel products commenced to soar upward, and in but a few short years eery cent of the purchnso of this plants had been more than paid by the increased "profits." And at this day the American public, hns paid for all their holdings, over and over again. And to attempt to delude a credulous public as to their earnings thev injected fully six hundred millions of watered stock into their fictitious capitaliza tion! t Many people wonder why the Steel Corporation should pick a jurist and place him nt the head of nffuirs, a person bwO perhaps knew no more about steel, its manufacture Rand ei plottation than a wooden hobby horse. A little reflection will show you the reason of this. There is in tho statute books a law, moro or less dead, called the Sherman Anti-Trust law. This has never renlly frightened bigger gangs of industrial bandits, but it has given them a little trouble and much undesirable notoriety. It will bo recalled that thnugh this law, the courts nt times "gnvo a slap on the wrist," to tho Northern So curitea Co the Standard Oil the in- By Bill Smith famous Sugar Trust the Tobacco Trust and so on; but not to the U. S. Steel Corporation! thanks to su perior juidcal talent. Now you may more readily perceive why it is ad visable for these great corporations to have a member of the Brotherhood of Judges on its staff. They are con tinually running foul of the law dodging it, breaking it and totally disregarding it. Hence these criminal orgnniations have need of the most Cunning and subtle minds that money can purchase. Of course every one, with the least modicum of common sense knows time the Steel Corporation is a trust and a most vicious trust at that, irrespective of tie decision of the Supreme Court or any other court. No decision of any court can alter a fact, no matter how much it may wallop the white wash brush. The opinion handed down by Justice McKenna defending this corporation is of such thin and trans parent sophistry that it would bring a blush even to the cheeks of a Jesuit neophyte, had ho rwitten it; and by the way McKenna received his rudi mentary education in a Jesuit insti tution. Any one knows that a trust is u combination to control production anil pi ins and to control more thnu 60 per cent of production makes it amen able to drastic punishment. You may laugh here. Judge Gary maintained that the control of the steel corpo ration fell below fifty per cent, and during the war to fourty. Yet this same corporation was Judge Gary napping? declared that in ten years of its existence it controlled HO per cent, of Americas total steel export! And who knows how many subsidiary concerns this trust controls, that ramifies in all directions in every brunch of tho steel and iron industry? It is alleged that it did not "fix prices or compete unfairly." Who be lieves this? It is Indeed a stupid per son, no matter where ho be, who does not know that his meat prices are controlled by the Chicago Packing Gang; his butter prices by tho Elgin Board; his oil and gasoline by the littlo old Stnndard Oil, and all his steel nnd iron by the Stoel Corporator., and so on. And this Corporation has no com pel iters except of a fictious char acter; there arc others in the same business, but when this corpomtion raises it prices, nil others by IOSM strange law of gravitation, raise with it. Judge McKenna said that this Cor poration had not resorted to brutalities to stabilize conditions, but admitted that with competitors ',' they 'in 1 "trade meetings through the social form of dinners" etc. A distinguished person some years ago. said Ibat all the dark and unholy schemes that had ever been hatched in Washington,, by Unprincipled and dishonorable politi cians had been originated and perfect ed at these secret meetings-called dinner parties I And in all history woman By Felix Morle. ? ARTICLE I -THE SITU.- V TODAY. A LONDON Underneath its ; orderly exterior, in a slow but swBF thorough-Spin! British manner England now being steadlv transformed into a state completely controlled by pro- luctivc labor. I lie upper class opposi tion is verv strong, and the ignorant onscrvatism of large sections of the workers an obvious drawback. e, month by month" unmistakoble and permanent progress towards a new era is being achivied, and the goal now wrjl in view is something sufficiently advanced to make the economic out look of Oompers and Gary seem ilentictil bv contrast. Ruthless as is the present policy of British militar ism in the sublet countries or Ireland, Tndia and Egypt, it is now ust as important for American labor to appreciate the growing power ot Socialism in England proper as it is to condemn the effects of a dy:ng iiiperinlism in her forcibly held do- ' minions. With the exception of Rus sia, and perhaps Italy and Ger many. England has more nearly aut-g.-onn capitalism than any other great nation. She is Incomparably ahead of the United States in this re spect. Throe things about the present labor movement in England impress them selves immediately upon the visitor from America. They may be summed up by saying that in spite of the greater pressure of the war more li berty, justice and common sense have been left alive in England than in the United States. There is first a far greater measure of freedom of spooch and press on this side. Eor instnnce it is difficult to find either a labor mass meeting where the proceedings arc not closed by singing the Red ilag and cheering the Russian soviet republic, or .a reputable newspaper which characterizes such outbursts as sed itious. un-English, anarchistic, and the like. As for police and secret service raids, suppression of radical news papers, imprisonment and deportation of agitators such things may bo common in Ireland and the United States but they are virtually unknown here. If an alleged labor paper is so extreme as to be redicnlous nobody buys it. Tf an agitator prattles of impracticlo tactics he is laughed at. This keeps everyone in good humor. There is no cossack terrorism, no bomb plots by anarchists or capitalists, no underground discontent, no imita tion of czaristie Russia. The result is no danger of revolution from the standpoint of the government, no wasted time for the workers in laving to struggle for the most fund amental of rights, and real and rapid progress along lines of radical social evolution. There are many elements in this situation which cause grave anx iety to the traditional governing class, hut all efforts to check the tide only u-sult in an increase of the power and solidarity of organized labor. A point for America to realize is that the iiresent state of affairs in Ireland ind otlier cnliiei-f ennr.trtno tvill vaMi the careful student has noticed tPOn ne altered in accordant e with tho principle that some of the blackest and most revolting conspiracies have been hatched at the banquet table! It is now used as a camouflage by financial crooks win conspire against the work ing classes of tho country. Please note the "horny sons of toil" who attend these "dinner parties." t Another reason, not given in tho courts decision, why the solidarity of this corporation should not be im paired, is that it is the most powerful antagonist that now faces organized labor! If the minutes of these little "dinners" were written, no doubt you would find there, this matter fully discussed by the crafty scheming brains about that table and yon would probably find all the plans, all or derly arranged to encompass the de struction of all labor unions! They have picked the conietnry the grave is dug but can they furnish tho corpse? It is up to you, and nothing but absolute and perfect solidarity in all ranks of labor can prevent it! If nothing of a revivifying nature occurs between Gary and Gompers the (Continued on page 4.) of self-determination. when labor gains control of tho crov- ernment. The British Labor party is wrrking as hard in behalf of Ireland as is Sinn Fein. A second striking difference to the United States is found in the English jaoor leaders. The majority of thorn are real leaders, men of vision and ideals, democratically chosen, grad uates of factory and mine who make it their business to encourage rather than repress radical ideas among the rank nnd file. This results in a al most incredible differcr.o in the at mosphere of the two movements op timism, harmony and progress along fundamental lines being the dominant characteristics here. It is the fact that the radicals are in command of En glisV. labor that makes the psychology of a Gompers something to the mov ement here. There is no blinking tho fact that men like Fob Smillie, Bob Williams. Frank Hodges, and others who have a large share in the control of English balor policy would bo in Mnundsville or Atlanta if fate had made them citizens of the land of the free. Ramsay MacUonald told me that he doesn't consider Gene Debs more radical, yet the strength and sohoiioi of the British miners is such that their government dare not touch this labor genera! .Several most prominent in the labor movement hero would scarcely believe mo when I remarked (Continued on pago 4.) These Leaflets are ready Are You? Two numbers of The Toiler Educational Leaflet Series are ready for distribution. AND THEY MUST BE DISTRIBUTED. Not just a few, but thousands upon thousands must be distributed in tho shops, mills and mines. E?ery reader of the Toiler is expected to help in the widest possible distribut ion of these oducation.U leaflets. Number One "Soviet Russia's Code of Labor Laws", should be read by every American worker. Especially should every union man nnd woman read it. It is eight pases and the price is 60c a hundred in any quantity desired. Ordor now and start the work of education among the workers of your locality. Take a bunch to your union mootings. Number Two "Strangling American Workers", appears in this issue. No better, method of successfully showing up present day official tyranny and the violation of the laws by pubiic officers who pose as leaders of "law and Order" is possible than tho widest distribution of this interresting leaflet. Let the workers know the base character of the capitalist class officials win are supposed to onforce the '.awj of the country but who are in realty crim inals of the lowest type. Thoy desorve tho widest publicity. You can help (.preail the truth about those rascals and hirelings of capitrliun. Distribute "Strangling American Workers'". 50c per hundred. Address The Toiler Right Nowl i f 4'