Newspaper Page Text
ONE YEAR I BUNDLE RATES i SIX MONTHS 75C. I $1.00 Per Hundred ' $1-50. Address all mail and make all checks payable to THE TOILER 3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. Entered as Second Class Matter, under the name of The Ohio Socialist, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, 0., Under Act of March 3, 1879. EDITOR .Elmer T. Allison Published Weekly by The Communist Labor Party of Ohio at Cleveland, Ohio. Telephone: Harvard 3639. CLEVELAND, O, FRIDAY, APRIL 2nd 1920. EDITORIAL & PARTY NEWS PAGE Your Sins Have Found you out There is an immense hue and :ty goiiij; up m the capitalist press about the growing slackening of effort of the workers to pull the world out of the hog in which it. wallows at the present time. Every paper and magazine finds space between the advertisement to nudge labor in the rib and give it a hunch that it ought to wake up a bit and exert itself somewhat more to the satisfaction of the employers. T'-ey complain that labor is growing exceedingly independent net to say impudeU. All respect for the boss and for work as such seem to have disappeared. The cry for more product only meets with .esentment which begins with s demand for mere wages and shorter hours and ends in taking shorter hours whether they are granted or not. American workers are le?rning to loaf at the expense of the boss. In looking about fcr causes, we ascertain that the reports of hundreds and thousands of per C3iit in profits reaped by practically every big industrial onterpiise has iiad a large influence in dctemining the new attitude of the worker toward work. "What's the use?" is a pertinent question which labor is putting to capital and finds no ans.ver. To work and to merely exist while the profits of employers mowit higher and higher is not an incentive to sweat the more and grew more bent. So the laborer becomes a loafer as many minutes during the day as seem advisable. His loafing is a silent protest against exploitation. He knows something is radically wrong in industry. He feels himself abused and exploited of some of his product. Also he is begin ning to believo that he ought to have a word to say about conditions on the Job. Not knowing the ieal remedy as yet, he follows the line of least resist ance and takes a vacation on full time. Tho American worker will soon cease to boast of the amount of his produce which has long been know to exceed by far tho output of any other worker. Pride in his work has only served to enrich his exploitor so what's the use of pride? A striking contrast to this phenomena is that existing in the industries of Russia under the management of the workers. A recent report of Geor;;e Lansbury to the British vress rtatcs that since the workers took control of Russian laud and industry a stupenduous change has taken place in their attitude toward the job. A gnat wave of enthusiasm for work is in full sweep there. Knowing that exploitation is no more, the workers respond wil- ingly to the demands for the lanabilltation of Russian civil life, Much vulun- tary work is performed by groups numbering into the thousands when some special jobs need to bo accomplished. There are no slackers among Russian workers. They aro working as free men work, not slavishly for an exploiter tnd profit taker. The industry is theirs, the product is theirs, the Stats is theirs. All that is in Russia belongs to the Russian workmen and peasants The Russian Bolsheusts, damned by capitalists and exploiters, have solved the problem of hew to keep the interest of the worker in his work. When will American workers leant the lesson? Thay at least are learning to pro uounce the letters of the first word of that lesson which spell EMAN CIPATION! Striding Toward the Left The German revolutionists continue their strides toward the Left. With every swing of the pendulum in that great drama the pulse of millions of Communists beat higher or lowci as the temper of the masses records tendenc ies toward absolute "self determination' ' by the working class cf all govern mental functions or toward compromise with the reforn ditto and pseudo socialistic elements. So far, thero are string indicatious that the " dictatorship of the pro letariat" must be the final outcome. The communists have shown no evideuro cf a retreat from this principle. The agreement to Oftll off the general striko was based upon the government's promise to fulfill the demands of the com munists for socialization of industry and worker's control. Upon that basis the Bauer cabinet was seated. Within a few hrurs it was seen that there was no intention o;i the part o." the government to fulfill its agreement with tho workers and Mic caoinot wai forced to immediately resign. Fighting for control r.f the strategic points industrial centers aid food routes continues. The communists are holding en tn thoir guns and all that hose guns have won for them la the past two weeks fighting. From the reports current there is no evidence of a weakening oither morally or fron. a military stand point of the forces of Communism. In the meaulive Karl Legion, head of German trades unionism appears as a probable now leader of the revolutionary forces. Whether Communism triuphs immediately in Germany or not, we know that the power of tho reactionaries is broken forever. Tho actual rule or tho workers in Industry is bound to result. Upon that basis the new Gormany will ariso as tho new Russia has risen upon a like foundation and as whole new world will be erected in tho Hot far distant future. On with the Resolution! OUT OF JAIL AND ON THE JOB. Comrades: I like "Tho Toiler" and tho stand it is tnking on tho different questions regarding the class-struggle. My first acquaintance with "Tho Toiler" was mado in Leavenworth Ponnitcntiary were I spent a year as a guest of tho most Democratic Government of this glorious republic. But the cure turnod out to bo a failnro. I don't love tho capitalist system any more now than I did before and I am firmly determined to carry on the fight for Industrial Dem ocracy. I think the day is not far off when our efforts shall be rowarded. The "Misters" are getting dosperato and that is proof of their weakness. I am literature agent for the Scan dinavian Socialist Club here In Salt Lake and as thore is no other radical organization doing anything I thought I would try to take a fow copies of "The Toiler" each wcok to distribute amongst my friends. Later on I would have moro chanco to got subs. So if you will send mo 5 copies a week to start with T shall do my best to distributo them. With best wishes to all comrades from the Wild West. Yours fo; freedom Carl Larson. Comrades Hicks and Gregory of Cincinnati aro still teaming it to gether for subs. Two more they add to tbelr already long list. Another sub card purchaser r com rado Estiier Markizon of Wilmington Del. She also chooses Lenin ns premium. Proletarian Science History o By W. B. REYNOLDS. An economic interpretation of history especially arranged for use as a text-book for study classes, or for home study Copyright 1920. By W. E. K. CHART FOR CHAPTER TWO. THE ROAD TO HAPPINESS. Happiness may bo defined as a state of being wherein there is an excess of pleasure? over pain or discomfort. Progress, mastery of natural phenomena for human advantage. Dynamic Action, Employment of intellectual means of activity to achieve progress. Dynamic Opinion, Correct views of the relation of man to the universe. Knowledge, Acquaintance with environment. Education, Distribution of.' extant knowledge. Knowledge creates opinions. Opinions cause action (or inaction). Correct Action brings progress. Progress brings happiness. CHAPTER TWO. THE RAOD TO HAPPINESS. Lester P. Ward, in the first volume of "Dynamic Sociologv," maintains that "intelligent mind FORTI FIED WITH KNOWLEDGE is the only reliable form of directive force. The only proper knowledge for this pur pose is that which can be acquired of the materials and forces of nature. As ir is the utilization, of these which alone can secure the end sought, so tho knowledge of those is the prime necessity in the exercise of a directive control over human zeal for the improvement of mankind. Hence the diffusion of this kind of knowledge among the masses of mankind is the ONLY HOPE we have of securing any greater social progress than that which nature itself vouchsafes through its own process of selection." "The knowledge referred to is just that which is em braced in the word SCIENCE, and the diffusion of it is the process which goes by the name of EDUCATION. Therefore the first element of a trulv progressive system is POPULAR SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION." Those who understand the forces of their environ ment aro naturally more adaptable to changes in their environmental conditions, hence more progressive. Most of the opinions held by the mass of mankind are based upon belief rather than science, and most of them are incorrect, Progress is not the natural state of affairs. The bulk of mankind is non-progressive. Progress is forced by economic development. The development of civilization depended1 upon man's ability to understand the forces of nature and utilize them for his own benefit. Natural forces, such as the wind, rain and tides, electrical forces, steam, gas, in short all the laws of physics and chemistry had to be mastered by man before progress was possible. BEFORE man mastered thern he i?as the plaything of the elements. The fecundity of the race forced man to learn the use of the forces of nature. He used the wind to pump water for him and to turn his mills and send his ships across the waves. He used waterpower to run his machin ery, to generate electrical energy and to irrigate the desert. All of man's progress is inherent, in his ability to USE natural forces. He HAD to make himself master or he made a victim of these same forces. Our progress in the social world has not kept pace with our progress in the industrial world. In the in dustrial world we work from causes to effect, while in the social world the tendency is to tinker with effects while ignoring causes. Social reformers usually work at iheroof instead of the foundation of the social structure. Ha.ppiness is that state of being wherin there is an excess of pleasure or enjoyment over pain or discomfort. The cause of human activity is to be found in man's straggle for happiness or self-gratification. Hapiness can not be secured without PROGRESS Progress can ot be secured without ACTION. Action can not be secured without OPINION. Opinion rests noon knowledge, which is information, correct or incorrect. Kdiicafion is ; ,'ilnit iwii of knowledge. CORRECT EDUCATION scientific knowledge, is necessary in order that CORKECT OPINIONS may bo formed. Correct opinions will necessitate CORRECT AC TION and progress will be the result. Faulty education results in incorrect opinions which transmute themselves into the wrong kind of activity and an inhibition of progress is the result. The prevailing opinions held concerning intellect and intelligence may be cited as an example of how wrong opinions produce wrong activity which makes progress difficult if not impossible. It is a generally Hcceptcd opinion that the "workers aro poor becamee of a lack of brains.") The acceptance of thus opinion leads to a condition of despondency that greatly interferes with action. If action is taken it is a biological problem and meets with discouragement at the very start. It 13 not intellectual capacity which is lacking; it is intelligence. ) Intellect is mental power. Knowledge is I'doo for intellect. Intelligence is intellect supplied with knowledge. Those who desire progress should work for an increase :n intcllif ence through the spread of knowledge. ) This opinion is well illustrated by a quotation from a noted college profosfor, David 8t:irr Jordan, who said, "The man with the hoo is not ignorant became be is poor; he is poor beenuse ho Is ignorat t. ' ' ") Tint question is elaborated upon in detail in "Not Guilty" by Robort Blstchford. Action depends upon opinion, and the VALUE of action depends upon the correctness of the opinion and the importance of its subject-matter. Loskr 1"'. Ward, in volume two of "Dynamic So ciology," gives an excellent example of the effect of opinions producing progressive or non-progressive ac tion; "First in order to live the most advantageous way, sound views of the material universe must prevail. So long as man's conceptions of the univesre are erroneous he will pursue a wayward if not a downward course. If they are too narrow and lie believes that all existing things are within the range of his vision, his conduct will be correspondingly narrowed." "If he believes the world of short duration, both in the past and in the fort are, this too will dwarf all his understandings and make an end to progress." "If he legards nature as consisting' of a multitude of animated powers impending over him, he will wast-' all his energies in cooking to propitiate these powers, if ho deems them evil, tenor will demoralize him and make life a burden." "If he conceives the universe to be watched over by beneficent powers, ho will be apt to resign all initiative effort to them, and relapse into a condition of complete stagnation. ' ' Tod ay, in spite of all the advancement made bv modern science, the opinions of the great majority of mankind, "conceive the .miverse to be watched over by beneficent powers", with tho inevitable result of the people praying to these powers for assistance in righting their wrongs instead of engaging in an active campaign to help themselves. QUESTIONS FOE CHAPTER TWO. 1. Name the first element of a truly progressive system. 2. What is the source of correct information'' 3. What is education? 4. What advantages have those who understand the forces of thoir environment? 5. Explain the difference between belief and science. 6. Is mankind naturally progressive? 7. What compels progress? 8. Upon what does the development of civilization depend? 9. Wnat great law of evolution compels man to utilize the forces of nature? 10. If man is compelled to utilize these forces, is "freedom of the will ' a fact? 11. Name the road to happiness? What is happiness? 12. Give by ex.-.mple other than the text the result of mis-education 33. Define intellect and intelligence and explain the difference 14. Upon what does the value of action depend' 15. Does tho working-clas: hck intellectual capacity? 16. Of what specific use are sound views of the universe'' il' ?at is 016 inevitab' "suit of too narrow view of the universe'' KhoS SeraSal tend?nCy f the Wh beUeve the world 19. What is tho social effect of the individual belief in a personal God? 2" community?151" f mmS PininS hcld and taught (Continued next week.) SPARKS. Mr. Block and the Profiteers is still on the market and doing its share of agitation. Comrade J. M, Scott of Now Loxingtown, O. has put a bunch to work latclv. We acknowledge receipt of $1.00 for the defense fund and an order for the half price booklets from comrade Mist Antonia Itornik of Xeffs Ohio. You tan start now with an order for Number one and two of the Toiler Educational Leaflet Series. Oct busy that's not all but it's a mighty good start. Beats all how the subs come iu when the Toiler Boosters step out after them. Here's comrade lluebner of Springfield in with a list totaling $10.f0. And he has done it before end intends doing it again. Watch him. Five hundred Toilers were distrib uted among the miners at their con vention at West Brownsville, Pa., Ap ril 1st. Comrade Asenat was on the job. Order a hundred of tho Russian "Labor Code'', 60c. Show the work ers in your shop how industry Is carried on in Russia while tho workers Pre rcbuihiins the industries. This leads us to suggest that every union Red carry a supply of Montal Dynamite to every meeting of union mm and women. We'll warrant results will be more than satisfactory all around. We also suggest that Soviet Ifua fia'.s Labor Code and Strangling Amer ican Workers are tho best for these : meetings. Five yearlics from comrade Green "! Moline are among late arrivals. Naturally enough he asks for the premium, Lenin the Man and His Work. W e note- two suhs. from oonuado Vanderoest of Kalamazoo. Staying with us lie. And comrade A. C. Palmer of Ka! amazoo does the snir.c. Local Toledo orders .r00 Slander of the Toilers. And that reminds us that the Slanders are nearly gone, so fait have the orders for them come in. P it if yOtl hurry we may be able to fill VOOT order for this splendid littlo agitator. Five ycarlies arrived last week from somrade Svkes of Canton. Many, many comrades continue to remit for trial subs, for their frien Is, But some do even better, they remit for several at a time, Among those latter is comrade C. E. Guthrie of 'Trii hsville who sends in two yearlll . with his renewal. Boosting, YES. Comrade Malmitrom of Moline sea ls in S6.00 worth of newoncs, and calls for a package of pamphlets for a premium. Sixs dollar! for Toiler sub cards and 10O copis for distribution is an or der coining from comrade W. Frede rick of Belleville 111. A nice ist of subs, amounting to $5.50 arrived from Martins Ferry Inst week. Comrade Fred White is the rustler of these. And we judge by his letter that he will continue on the job. Comrade Chancy of Millersburg, O., lendi in two new subs. Pose Farm Ohio is a new town on our Hst. Thanks to three comrades there. The Toiler Booster Club idea is growing. A new one has sprung up at Yonngitown. One of its first jobs was to round up four renewals anil a new "ii". There is room for a Toiler Booster Club in every (own and citv in the country. Why not organize ono your town? in Two subs, a literature order and tOc for the Cartoon account arrives from comrade D. G. Berg of Bellaire M leh, Seven subscription! and an order f"f "Slanders'' nre amoung the past week 'l receipt!. Comrade T. B. Mor gan of Moline is tho guilty Red. Sandusky eonirads nre on tho job M a remittance of $10.7;" from com rade Lit! provos. Its for Toiler press stamps, and vnrious othor items. Attivo Lunch there. Our Coraopolis Pa., list is growing nicely. Comrade Fazio os rospnnaibb. ilis latest list consisted of three. We sold more literature week before last th'ui tho week before that. We old move last week than week hefON last and wo sold more this week than last. Likewise will wo cell more n' t wcok than this and the following week an! weeks still more IF YOU GET ON THE JOB. How about it, com rade KF.Df A fow of Skygae'i; little punches brings us a new subscriber from Charl eston, Wash. Comrade E. E. Martin heartily upproves of Skygnc. Th" tiress fund uiu n tnn. ki. wcck trout comrade Mrs Sarah Kohror. Two dollars she sends us thru com- ri.no r:vkos. Six more yonrlioa from Christopher. No. Christonher is tint ui. . town in HI. And it looks like every man there will eventually be on our MKiumg lift., (.omr.nio staples is respon sible for this last half dozen. Comrades continue to remit for Toil Mr sub eirdl and thus got Mme fre3 books and pamphlets. Comrade James of randall is among the latest to take ndvnntngo of our generous offor. A comrade nt Dayton remits $2 00 "i,(ui iu sign nil name to the letter. Thanks comrade.