OCR Interpretation

The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, April 09, 1920, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078683/1920-04-09/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

APRIL 1, 1920
Soviet form of Government Established in all Siberia -Workers' Rule Complete
Representative Government in II. S. Destroyed at Albany-Capitalist Rule Complete
Get a Subscription
NO. 114.
at Cleveland, Ol.i-i
CLEVELAND, 0 , FRIDAY 9th moJApfil
a- v. 11 n a 1 11 iiiii 11 1 1 r.
s . 1 r mm i M M rr mjmj mm m ju
il.j : ... j- . . a .. . . ... ! 1
xa JTWW Bust M
; 1
Address all mail to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, O.
$1.50 A YEAR
Labor Jury Charges Conspiracy of Cap
italist Interests in I. W. W. Case.
By John Nicholas Beffel.
Staff Correspondent,
The Federated Press
Representative Government
Here She Lies
Raped, Murdered, Quarter
ed and Hung
at Albany, N. Y.
By Paul Hanna
Staff Correspondent.
The Federated Press.
WASHINGTON. Behind the release
of moro than 100 prisoners seized in
raids during the past few months
by Attorney General Palmer there is
a' conflict of policy which neither the
attorney general nor the secretary of
labor has thus far confessed.
Palmer and Acting-Secretary of
Labor Post have both given their
support to the general impression that
lack of evideneo is responsible for the
sudden freeing of radical alions. That
is true, but it is not all the truth.
Against scores of hundreds of prisoners
the attorney general possessed no evid
ence whatever. Presumably very much
frightened himself by the wholly tin
explained bomb explosion nt his Wash
ington home. Pnlmer suspended all con
stitutional guarantees and proceeded
to imprison every person whose rep
vtation or social obscurity made it snfe
to treat in such a manner.
Tho present wholesalo freeing of
alien radicals is a direct outgrowth of
those high-handled tactics. Against
toso methods tho department of lnbor
filed vigorous and repented protests
with tho attorney general. But popular
hv-'toria reinforced Palmer. His chief
confodorato was Anthony Caminetti,
commissioner of immigration within
the labor department, who agreed that
"to snvo the nation" tho consti
tution might properly be ignored.
Until the public reaction agoinst Pal
merism came, tho department of labor
was helpless. But eertnin court de
cisions have recently been rendered
which give the lnbor department the
whip hand over Palmer. Two differ
ent feaoral .nidges have declared that
.... u... .iii-.nl nirnittut 'i iirimni.r
bv the forcible search without warrant !f vou " nn,v l',,r"u, ,,M "
of his person or premises is no euLl brenU
dene? a' .'ill. I.
to make a mocN&;v of constitutional
guarantees if eviop-.,cc first procured
illegally should bo legalized by such
a trick.
Secretary of Labor Wilson is dt
scribed by his friends as a man who
does not like to make a fight un
less the chance of winning is excel
lent. Tho letter of the law appearing
to support the attorney general in his
raids against alien radicals, the labor
department chief "jes lay low," his
friends say, and waited for his op
portunity to come. Tho court opinions
cited above created this opportunity.
In the absence, due to illness, of
Secretary Wilson, Assistant Secretary
Post undertook a review of tho many
cases to nssertain how many of the
persons held had been seized or sub
jected to search without warrant by
the attorney general. He meanwhile
issued orders which immediately re
stored the right of prisoners to see
counsel and to procure freedom under
The backbone of Palmer's position
was broken by that single order re
specting counsel and bail. To suceed in
the newspaper headlines, the attorney
general required a darkened laboratory.
Bail-and-connsel light spoiled every
picture he tried to develop.
Tn the course of lis inquiry Mr. Post
discovered that a huge proportion of
Palmer's captives had been the victim 1
of utterly illegal raids while hundreds of
others remained still, not incriminated
by any hook or crook of their per
secutors. While seeking lo avoid publicity, for
tactical reasons, the department of
labor proceeded at once to liberate the
totally innocent prisoners, and to plan
the early discharge of those against
whom prima facio cases had been
established through the illegal search
of premise and person.
Pnlmer must cither acquiesce 111 the
wholesale jail delivery of his prey or
make ready to fight it out in open
court against tho secretary of labor.
Secretaries Wilson and Post waited
long for tihs hour to arrive. They are
reported ready to fight. If Palmer
thinks ho can justify his arrests with
out wnrrnnts, the courts will hear his
Lords of the Land, who own the
Tho factory, the mine and mill
Wo como to thee and on bended knee
And ask if it be your will,
That we run your machines and till
your soi1,ag
And gather their fruits for yon:
That when it is sold for yellow gold
You'll give us a penny or tWOf
Yon mny ride around in your auto
moblJc, Or flirt with nnother men's wife,
Vou mny drink your booze
And get drunk if you shoosc
Or lend any kind of a life.
cam our
In addition, the supreme court re
eotttly thrOW out a civil suit brought
by Palmer because the attorney gen
eral's efWonce had been procured in
the course of a raid, without warrant,
upon the offices of a corporation. After
being compolled to return documents
leUcd In the illegal raid, tho attorney
general's offico had como into court
ngnin with photostats of the same
documents, and a request t lint the court
then order the defendant to prodnco
1 iipcrnted by this exhibition of
the strong-arm " plus chicane, tha
supreme court declared that it was
In this grand old lnnd of the free
We'll work whi'o you shirk
And we'll cuss the Red,
And savo this old world for thee.
Our backs mny break
And our old bores hake
Our arms may pull in two;
Our brains may rust
Our ribs may bust
Hut we'll keep on working for you.
William J. Ake.
By James Pontius.
During the war the country from
Xorth to South and East to West was1
plastered with what we could not help
but call the Capitalists' hypocritical,
patriotic posters praising the wealthy1
and slanderinff the rjoor. and the kept
and paid press acted as "me toos'lj
in encouraging that sentiment. The
propaganda was so unreasonable and
absurd that we wrote a similar articlo
to this one exposing the dope, but it
their children from want and the
Government from aiding them, though
thoy had nothing to give to the Red
Cross or to buy bonds, aro certainly
as patriotic as those who gave no
matter how much. If this is not true
admit that Jesus did not l;now what
he was talking about.
So it was with tho poor laboring
men (and we know of many who had
not $50. worth of property in their
names and some who had not even a
sheet to put up on their beds and had
to live in furnished rooms) yet nearly
all took a $50, or more, Liberty bond
which made each a strong 50 patriot.
was refused space in the papers.
Their aim was to make the common 1 While rot one of all the balance
people believe that this dopo meant j the bankers, merchants, corporations
he who gave. $100 or thp eT'tiwi'-''i,rv.'!, lawyers, politicians, officials,
that induced its entire force to give,
whether it robbed their families or
not. was 100 per cent patriotic and
so or. down according to the amounts
Thto seemed to have been the rich
men's slogan, but few things can be
farther from the truth. Wore wo to
base patriotism on such idea, peoph;
rith money would be the only patriots
and all the poor would be unpatriotic
many had nothing to give, and very
few but small amounts. To prove our
asertion let 11s ask ourselves tho
honest and real questions as a guide
to true patriotism.
Does true patriotism depend on those
who talk or act; the laborers or pro
fiteers; those who gave their lives
or their money?
The few wealthy of the 110.000,000
American people pretend to believe
that true patriotism depends on giv
ing a small part of their wealth or
force tho poor to pay to suppen tho
flag' and the country, while the mil
lions think giving one's life for the
country is still greater patriotism
We think with the latter for tho reason
when our lives aro ended our money
will do us no good, but if our money
is gone we still have a chance to make
clergymen, capitalists, etc. gave all
they had in order to make them 50
patriots, tail those who gave lcs than
10 of their wealth are even less
than 5 patriots for their lives are
not sacrificed and talk don't count
it all depends on what is done.
"Now let us see what per ?ent the
millionaires and billionaires test
lIigsc who so often prate about their
loyalty and patriotism. Nearly all
that any of them have thus far given
the government had to force out of
then from ircome, graduated and in
heritance taxes. Wo know of none
who even gave 10 per cent of their
wealth, besides beating the government,
out of millions by their profiteering.
Henry Ford may be an exception
though he at first opposed the war.
It is stated that ho soli all his war
materials to the government at cost. If
you can point out any others who did
likewise we will stand corrected.
millionaire only gave $10,000 and a
billionaire only $10,000,000 each would
onlj be one half of one per cent pa
triots. Besides Fxgovernor Johnson of
California, now in the United States
Senate, said the corporations in 1910
made from 500 to ICnO per cent on
their money from selling munitions to
r-ACOMA, WASH. The labor jury
L-:ited bv six central bodies of
organised workers to watch the Cen
tralia labor trial at Montesano has just
made its report. By a unanimous vote,
after reviewing all the evidence, it
found the 10 I. W. W. defendants not
guilt v of murdering Lieut. Warren
O. Grimm on armistice day.
Ample proof was offered. Recording
to the labor jury's findings, to show
that Grimm participated in the attack
on the I. W. W. hall in Centralia.
Cognisance was taken of the fact that
the court refused to permit the in
troudetion of evidence vital to the
defense; and the labor jurv expressed
its conviction that the troops were
brought to Montesano, the trial scene,
to prejudice the jury.
Meeting in the Labor Temple here,
the workers' jury issued its report as
"Was there a conspiracy by tho
business interests of Centralia to raid
the T. W. W. hall there? Verdict, yes.
"Evidence was offered by the de
fense to show that the Centralia busi
ness interests held a meeting at tho
Elks' Club on Oct, 20, 1910, at which
meeting Police Chief A. C. Hugh-s
and William Scales, commander of the
local American Legion post, were pre
sent. At this meeting Police Chief
Hughes quoted Prosecuting Attorney
Herman Allen as saying that tho I.
W. W. could not legally be banished
from the town, because they had vio
lated no law. To the same effect also
Hughes quoted City Attorney If. B.
Grimm, brother of Warren Grimm.
"F. W. Hubbard, lumber magnate,
then said: 'Tt's a damn shame: law
or no law, if I were chief of police, I
would run them out of town withii
24 hours.' William Scales, chairman
of the meeting, said that while he was
not in favor of a raid, no jury in
1 America would convict anybody who
might raid the I. W. W. hall. He then
announced that he would appoint a
secret committee to deal with the I.
W. W. situation.
"Was the 1 .W. W. hall unlawfully
raided? Verdict, yes. The evidence
introducd convinces us that an at
tack was made before a shot was fired.
"Had the defendants a right to
defend their hall? Verdict, yes. In
April, l!lf, an earlier I. W. W. hall in
Centralia was raided by the tail-end
of a Red Cross parade. The furniture
was destroyed or stolen, ropes wore
placed around the necks of tho I. W.
W. members and they were driven out
of town by citizens armed with pick
"Was Warren O. Grimm a party to
the conspiracy to raid the I. W. W.
hall? Verdict, yes. To our minds tho
convincing evidence that Grimm was
in front of and raiding the hall with
others, is the testimony of Lieut. Frank
Van Gilder, witness for the prosecu
tion. Van Gilder testified that he stood
at Grimm's side at tho intersection of
Tower Ave. and Second St. when, ac
cording to his story, Grimm was shot.
"This testimony was refuted by
five witnesses who swore that they saw
Grimm coming wounded from the direc
tion of the T. W. W. hall. It is not
credible that Van Gilder, who was
Grimm 's intimato friend, would leave
him mortally wounded, to walk half a
block alone and unaided.
"Did the defendants get a fair aud
impartial trial? Verdict, no. Tho most
damaging evidence of a conspiracy by
the business men of Centralia to raid
the T. W. W. hall was ruled out by
Judge John N. Wilson and was not
permitted to go to tho jury.
"Also the calling of federal troops
by Prosecuting Attorney Allen was
done for no other reason than to
create atmosphere. The pre
sence of American Legion members in
court in large numbers also was a
factor to weigh against an impartial
decision by the jury."
Signers of the labor jury's verdict
were: Paul K. Mohr, of the Seattle
Central Labor Council, who was chair
man: Theodore Meyer, Everett Central
Labor Council; John O. Craft, Seattlo
Metal Trades Council; E. W. Thrall,
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen,
Centralia division; W. J. Beard, Ta
coma Central Labor Council; and Otto
Neumann, Portland Central Labor
All of these organizations except the
Brotherhood of Trainmen are integral
parts of the American Federation of
But for the sake of argument we! the government,
will be fair and put both labor and! And since then, if we can credit
capital on an equality 50 for ench. newspaper reports, many other corjo-
Witl. such a foundation who is the
lOO'e patriot? That's easy. He who
cives his life and all he has is
rations have made several hundred
per tent more prosfits than did the
ones Mr. Johnson spoke of. So instead
'he only 100 patriot, for the reason of giving $10,000 or $10,000,000, as the
that no ono can do more. easo may be, to bo but one half of
Suppose A has nothing to givo but one per cent patriots, they took ad
his life, B has $100, C has $1,000,000 1 vantage of the government in its
and D has $1,000,000,000 and each peril and made even moro than 500
would give his life and all he hay to 1C00 per cent en their money in-
each would bo 100 patriots. But Mip- stead of on honest 6 to 8 per cent
poso those with the money would
o:ily bive their money or only a part
of it and A gives as before, he would
bo tho only 100 patriot, the others
would only bo 50 or less according
to tho amounts given. This Is too
plain to be denied; and to prove this
we refer you to tho last pnrt of tho
12th chapter of Mark wherein Jesus
said to thoso who cast money into
the treasury, thnt the poor widow who
'.hrew in two mites "cast in moro thnn
nil they which have flat into the
treasury", because she cast in all
tho had, even her living. Mark you,
Jesus did not say any one who enst
into tho treasury, but all they who cast
into the treasury meaning all togothor.
So with the widows at tho wash
tubs who put in their time to keep
Thus, as we speak of the card player
who fails to moke as much as he bids,
goes "into the ohlo". So with those
fellows, instead of giving a sufficient
sum to make them but one-half of one
per cent, patriots, have made, accord
ing to reports, moro than 500 to 1600
percent leaving them thut much "in
the hole" from extortion, or, if yon
please, so much less than no per cent,
patriots. Figures don 't lie. This is why
Congressman Emerson of Ohio intro
duced a resolution in Congress to put
those fellows on the criminal list to
prosecute them. And were the admini
stration but. one-fourth ns willing nnd
anxious to bring thoso fellows to jus
tee, as they are the hungry poor, all
the millionairess and billionairess pro
(Continued on page 4.)
LONDON A young officer in the
northwest, army who took part in
tho Yndenitch advance on Petrogrnd
made the following statement to The
Manchester Guardian's correspondent
at Hclsingfors:
"I am convinced of one thing, that
this whole business of war against
tho Bolsheviks leads to nothing hut
the destruction of Russia itself and
of honest men on both sides. We
started out with a belief in words
like democracy, but the moment our
advance looked like being successful
the northwest government was pushed
on one side like a baby, and the real
intentions of the leaders became clear.
I have heard of the 'red' terror. It
could not have been worse than tho
'white' terror, in which I have actual
ly taken part. If these things camo
under my personal observation you
may imagine what was tho total of
terror on tho whole front. The worst
of it was that we did nothing but
"I am convinced ,from what 1 saw
before our coming that there was a
more or less efficient working or
ganization of local government in tho
villago Soviets. We destroyed it and
put back a local autocracy in the
persons of officials and military com
manders whose object was to get out
of the villages what they could. A
man with some feelings of humanity,
I suffered from what I saw. We
captured big estates run by agricultural
communes a sort of state farms.
Considering all the difficulties they
were in good condition, well stocked
with beasts, geese, etc., all well eared
for. We literally sacked them, handing
them over to soldiers, who killed even
the cows, aftei which wo restored the
estate to its pre-revolution owner.
"Our people had sacked the estates
which the 'reds' had organized snd tho
old owners havo no capital with which
to run these things themselves. It was
tho same everywhere. Tho 'reds' had
preserved palaces, etc., absolutely un
touched. Thero was a different story
to tell after we had left them."
Free Books and Pamphlets
Beginning April 1st the subscription price of The Toiler advances to
$1.50 per year, 6 month3 75c. The advancing costs of publication will no longer
permit us to publish at the old rato of $1.00 per year.
In this connection we wish to urge every Toilor booster to strive the
harder for subscriptions. The field is tiulimitcd and nt the new rate which is
not at all high compaiativoly, thero should be no slackening up in the numbor
of subscriptions rscelveu. On the contrary, there should now be a greater ef
fort on tho part of Toiler readers to help its circulation grow. No weekly
periodical gives Its readers a htgror grade publication than The Toilor and
with the hearty rupport of its readers it will continue to become a better
Our offer of $1.50 worth of literature with every purchase of $0.00
worth of subscription cards has enabled many comrades to obtain good books
and pamphlets free. We will continue this olfor with only one change. Instead
of receiving $1.50 worth of llteraturo for $5.00 worth of cards we will now
give the same amount of literature free with every $7.50 worth of subscription
cards. Not the now tltlos in the llteraturo column. You may easily obtain
theso by getting subscriptions for The Toiler.
It's Coming - International Labor Day, May 1-st. Don't Work for Capitalism

xml | txt