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a Subscriber PAY DUES NO. 120 Published at Cleveland, Ohio. CLEVELAND, OHIO, FRIDAY. MAY 21th, 1920. Actress all mall to 3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0. $1.50 A YEAR Echoes of Secy. Wilson's Ruling By Paul Hanna. Staff Correspondent. Tho Feder. Press. WASHINCTON. Secretary Wilson Tulir.gi in favor of the Communist I a! or Party of America is u kick that, ''ends Attorney (General Palmer reeling a long way toward the end of his game of bluff, bluster and secret persecu tion of political opinion. That part of the department of jus ticc which received the full force of the blow is represented by Francis P. Oarvan, aistnnt attorney genera in special charge f witch-burning un der the New Freedom. It was Oarvan who laid of the destitute wives and c.l ildren of toon deported on the Bti ford that they were better off without such men, no matter what their suffer ing and privation. Cnrvan is also author of the celebrated statement that the Illegal raids conducted by his of fice had "create belief in Cod" among the economic .justri tiarvan more the department sponsible for bling nlley of no now mils hiinst ion that tho ritatori for ''no I M I I I 1. C 1 no ri ,Pf held ro up the iv where ueeogni Lrv an s Palmer has the time bo president ho no following F. of L. cabinet is detested by furious outcry: " Kvery I. V. W., eoinmunist or whatv o"9 tidw i mo in i ne i niiiiiu,!! isi i !, 'oi . :i haven where he can continik Station without abandon ing one of Ins theories or purposes. The anguish of Palmer and Oarvan is enhanced by their chilling appre hension that the White House, will sustain Secretary Wilson unless the department of justice shall lay its cards on the public table and there show by argument and the law why men who aim at drastic alteration of our institutions by peaceful, COnsti tutional means should be declared out laws. It, is reliably reported that Secretary Wilson's sensntional decision is merely a sequel to the recent cobinet meeting at which Palmer tried and failed to convince the president, that seizure without warrent, imprisonment with out trial and deportation without evi dence were the proper and American way of dealing with persistent agi tators against the rule of plutocracy. Two facts are known. Louis F. Post wrote out his resignation when as acting secretary of labor, he began his policy of releasing aliens against whom Palmer could produce no evidence ex cept loud-mouthed innuendo and news papei headlines. William H. Wilson is ready to quit "as secretary of labor' If.' without 'con sidering the facts of the law, the White House should give its support, to Attorney Ocnoral PnlSSer and (Jar-van. Politically considered, been utterly isolated for ing. As a candidate for has been shown to have anywhere. Prom the A to the I. W. W. lo liihor. rederal iiid"cs denounce him from the bench as a ridiculous tyrant. All the middle class liberals who once supported this administration despise and revile the attorney general. Aside from Judge Gary's following and a few liberty baiters in Congress he stands absolutely alone. To a self-respecting man in Palmer's place there is only one course open. He must meet and disprove the labor department's indictment, of his meth ods and force the President to fire Inith Post and Secretary Wilson, or he must resign himself. That is. if he is a self-respecting man. Hut nobody familiar with his offi cial course charges Palmer with being that. Mis real calibre is shown in the f o called movement by Congress to im peach Post. To the extent that the impeachment effort had a basis at all, it was founded upon Palmer's tale-heuriiii; about the department of labor. Poois and knaves in the House took up the charges and instituted hearing i. Post 's counsel sat through the imitation Lusk proceedings, ami raluiy waited for their chance to refuso the slander and to present their .client as a witness in hie own defense. All-this time the attorney general kept far in the background, lie hns not dared associate his name or his office directly frith any of the charges against Post. He has known that la, ;;, and the law were with Post and lias studio, islv avoided a direct encounter. That spectacle of shuffling evasion gave Secretary Wilson his final measure of the attorney general, who stood recalcd as a man afraid to finish what he had started. Members of Congress who began the proceed ings found themselves marooned with Palmer, unable to proceed without being faced by the man they strove to destroy. So they tried to duck out of the whole mess by concluding the hearings abruptly. At such a moment Secretary Wilson strikes the hot iron with the sledge of his Communist Labor Party decision. I. el Palmer dodge the sparks if he enn. t-7 j,x,"" fr COLUMBIA TAKIN6 A 5 fy-' LAST VIEW OF THE. -Ay 'S- ' (y I 5ETTIMO Sum ' -'v- ''s' ' (A at The Miner and Sapper The insatiate desire of capiitalism for profits and yet more profits, its unquen chable thirst for unearned increment, its demand from industry of the iavst "pound of flesh'' is undermining the foundations ef the nation. Industry, the foundation upon whieii is huilt such civilization as we have, lias become merely a means of fattenn ing the parasites of society, the exploit ers of labor. American institutions are ornttfbHng and ready to tumble into chaos due 'to the intensified coinage of profits from 'the ration's resources and labor. In the imminent collapse of the econom ic and soc'ml structure, Miss Columbia, emblem of our one time liberal irs will be stood on her head amid the debris. Her tears will avail nothing. For after all, she stood only for a fiction, or at least for that which became n fiction when the class struggle between the makers and takers of wealth became acute. The sett ing sun of our once pround liberties is reveal ing in the glow of its hist rays how fictitiou indeed, were the so liberties. In fact, we know that they were not liberties at all morely privileges granted to the workers by capiitalism and the capitalist state granted just so long its the workers re mained in ignorance how to use tnem for their own class interests. The moment thj workers began to use them for 'themselves and against the capitalist class, they weiv taken from them. The dictatorship of the capitalist class, acting thru its government, police, court and Congress annulled these liberties". They ceased to be. THAT sail can rise again only in a world controlled by the workers. Communists have no tears to shed because these things are so. They are the products of the development of capitalism. They were born in the era of capitalism's beginning, they will die with capitalism and what is good in them for the worker's will be reroreoted by them in the building at the new Industrial Democracy thai must follow Capitalism. Liberty, free speech, free press, cannot exist in a society built upon slavery of the workers to the owners of industry. Such an incompatibility is unthinkable. And be cause this is so, they have been ruled out, by the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. So called liberals and other straddlnv may weep and rave as this sun sinks behind tho horizon, their tears will be lost in the sea of turmoil that is rising. Only thru the collapse of capitalism and all its institutions can real freedom be born to the working class. Workers should hail as presageing this collapse tho destruction by capitalism of these fictitious "liberties". Socialist Party Convention Betrays the Revolution ' Opposed by but a small minority of 'reds" and "centr ists" the soealist Party in Convention at New York last week completely eradicated from its program and principles the fait vestige of revolutionary spirit and came out Openly and en thusiastically for a program of compromise, fusion and "'yel low" socialism. The strength of the "rod" (lenient left in the. Socialist Party since the split in the party fast September, when, at Chicago the Communilst and Communist Labor Part ies broke away from the Socialist Party, wa seen on the first day of the Convention in the election of Morris Hilquit over ,J. Louis Bngdahl for Chairman by a vote of 91 to The election of llilquit vwis a test Ease which indicated the Comparative strength of the two f net ions and all questions before the convent ion brought out nearly the same vote upon the tlonr. I' or the tirst tune in years the conservatives had everything their own way. Having eradicated from the Socialist Party practically idl opponents to their .long loved principles of compromise and political trading, they proceeded to spread a path of bright yellow before the feet of the American workers. Fight on declaration of principles. As might have been expected, the real fight of the two groups centered upon the declaration of principles. Ac cording to a decision of the conven tion i of hist year a committee was ap pointed to draft a Declaration of Principles tor suninisslon at tins time. this draft was brought in by Morns Hilqnit, who after reading it DlOVOi its adoption. minority declaration was submitted by the opposing groin thru Louis Bngdahl backed by the Il linois delegation and scattering sup port of radicals A bitter fight ensued caking up some five hours of debate before the final vote adopt in" the Uilquit draft settled the matter. Declaration, a "vote catcher". Referring to the mildness of the Hilqnit draft, which declares only for political action, supplemented by m- dnstnal action by the workers. Bng dahl charged that the purpose of those who had framed the report was lo create something that would appeal to the Xon-I'artisinn League and the Labor Pait and that some of ,ts sponsors would even go fort her to rater votes and response from "syn pathetic" groups. It was in the pa ragraph of bngdahl s substitute fie daring in a Some what miled form for Janus Oneal probably voiced tho rentimeitS of the majority as fully is any when he attacked the world. ''dictatorship" and declared that tho t'me and conditions that favored the Russian revolution must be studied before any attempt was made to adopt Russian methods. "Let it go through the country that you tavor a dictatorship ot the pro letariat and you will cease to bo a political party," he said "Adopt such si resolution, and y u must do your work underground, for you will be driven underground by Sweet and Albanj and the politicians at Washing ton. "Bourgeois democracy, with all its shams and illusions, permits in normal times an honest and fnir discussion. To espouse the dictatorship program WOOld turn "very such democracy tntO ;:n absolute SUtoeraCV." The vote upon the principle of .1 irolctarian dictatorship as a fundament il tactic of the revolution was 101 to .13. Severs connectirn with Third Inter national One of the principles laid down by the Third (MOSCOW) International as a basis for membership in it of Social 1st nnd Revolutionary parties at. i groups of all countries is the adoption of the principle of the dictatorship of the proletariat as a tactic during the transition stage from capitalism to socialism in order to Khd quicker place all (tower in the hands of the workers and to destroy with as little violence as possible all opportunity for bourgeois counter revolution against the workers. The recent referendum of tho so cialist Party membership upon affilia tion witli the Third International by vote of H to 1 with certain rcsorv- "the dictatorship of the proletariat" ptiors will be discarded if the p'at as a transitional tactic of the workers form adopted at this convention is against the bourgeois, that the artilerv j ad ptd bv the rank and file. That of the majority was directed. "Th. it will be adopted goes with out saying. Victory Foreseen in Communist Labor Cases in California lflth NATIONAL CONVENTION, 3. L. P." will be the subject of a svmposinm by J. Hi .mil. 0. R. Server and J D. Ooerke delegate from Ohio under the auspices of the SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY Pythian Temple, 010 Huron Road near Prniqiect Ave., and B. !th ft. levelaod, 0. SUNDAY MVKMNO MAY 2'lrd, 1020 at flSO o'clock. Questions and diseiiMion invited. By J. G. Beed. (Special to "The Toiler") OAKLAND) OAL. April 10, 18J0. We won! Yes, in spite of a six months campaign of poison gas slinging by the Capitalist press of these Hay Cities, in spite of the worst kind of qlimy tactics I nd propaganda by the "host citizens" el this community, in spite of hnving our headquarters milled and wrecked by patrinmnnics and police officials in the name of One Hundred Percent Americanism, In spite of being (uu I up twice by the Oakland police the Communist Labor party in the case of the State of California vs. James II. Oolsen suceeded in convincing six. men on a jury that the party wns a legal organisation and the jury wns dis missed because of "failure to agree"! "A funny sort of a victory," I hear you repeating, but wait Anita Whitney was convicted! John (I. Wieler was convictcdl Hoth wero I'oininiinist Labor Party eases, and James II. Dolsen converted six men, !inlf a jury, to the Idea that tho Com tnunist. Labor Party is perfectly legal od furthermore Anita Whitnev's case was tried as en ordlnorv criminal ease. 8ho admit ted membership in tho Communist Labor I'arty; she admitted having Ideal contrary to the administration but she lost out by not attempting a defense of the party. Her lawers avoided the issues in the case, and defended the d fondest personally. The same was rioro or less the case with that of Comrnde Wieler. On the other hand, Comrnde Oolsen, Stnte Secretary, Communist Labor Partv, defended the pnrtyt nnd in cidenitly himself. He got the court to admit it was not a criminal case. An I he defended the case as a social one, or still better a political and industrial. The victory wns a clean cut one. Not one' principle did he compromise. The court wns turned into a schoolroom whero lessons in economics, tactics, propaganda, and organization wero fully discussed. Capitalism in all its horror wns laid barn. Tho nakedness of the violence terror, and persecution was shown to tho world in all its hideousncss, but not one word of the dimning evidence appeared in print in the prostitute press, Their publicity was done enrlier in the days of tho inquisition, and thoy were determined dictatorship of the Tirolctnrrit ". dar-'d llilipiit is not Socialist i'oe trine, besides being inconsistent with tho rest of the preamble, we cannot speak to the workers vaguely of tho class strnggle, wage slavery etc." The platform, declared Samuel Hol land of Chicago, 'contains nothing but nice phrases". while another member of the minority faction stated his opinion that it rend like a high reboot essnv. Hilqnit 's rejoinder was that the platform was being opposed not because it was too academic but because of the absence in it of certain wen iieinvci ptmiscs. !ie claimed ma: the basis for the platform was the assumption that the Socialist Party was a party of political action and intimated that it was criticized be cause its opponents found in it no suggestion of more "violent" methods. No dictatorship for Berger. The fight for a declaration for bourgeois "democratic" methods to be pursued by the workers during 'he transition stage from capitalism to socialism was soon brought to a close when Victor Herger arose and enlarged upon he possibilities of success for a third party in American politics. "I don't believe in dictatorship of any kind" he said. "I nm for democracy. Why do we have a convention every year for anvhow! To sprout wings left winf.s. I b'long to the centrr myself". Tucker, who argued that the llilipiit leport was evidently framed to get by the Oepnrtment of Justice, urged the necessity of a dictatorship of the pro letariat in order ot conquer the hour rcois with as little violence and blood shed as possible Irving it, Weiss, of NVw York, declared his opposition to dictatorship of anv bodv whether it be Hint of the Holsheviki in Russi.i or of the capitalist class of Amopc.i i'or this statement lie received MMCS from the gallery. m -...:; I ut I'arty Uos M'iuitei places, itsTelf outside tie1 leal revolu tionary raovenvnt of the world and become! a party of mild reformistie if not reactionary measures. The ' Party of Debs", hut will he lead it? With the nomination of Eugene V. Debs as its candidate for president and Seymour St'dinan as Vice Pros irdnt the convention closed its deliber ations. The question now is. will Debs accept the nomination Opinion is divided as to what his decision will be, Communists point to Dtbs' state ment before he was sent to prison, when ill many speeches in Ohio an! other states he voiced his entire ap proval of the Holsheviki and their methods of gaining control over tho capitalists and bourgeoisie, as beang out the assertion that he would not. degrade his revolutionary spirit by accepting the nomination. Speaking of the victories of tho Holsheviki in conquering tne enemies of the workers, Debs said in an article in The Class Struggle, of which he was one of the editors in the issue of iVbrtuiry. l'.HO, "They are scttin;; the heroic example for world-wide emulation. Let us, like them scorn and npudiatt the cowardly lompromis ers with our own ranks, chnllenge and defy the robber class power, nnd fight it nut on that line to victory or death! From the crown of my head to the soles of try feet, 1 nm Bolshevik, and pround of it. Tho Day of the People has. arrived". Will Debs repudiate that statement by accepting the candidacy of the party which has emasculated its platform to the ctxent of rejecting the principle which Debs accepted, advocated and which constituted one of the charges Igaiasl him bv the capitalist class innrts and for which he was sent to prison f to keep the first impression intact in spite, of the tint It. Day after day I sat in tins ourt of "Justice", only during this case the court was transform) d into a schoolroom, and followed the evidcnc.i a... it wax unfolded, idoselv. Durinir the first two weeks tho schoolroom was in charge of Professors Myron Harris (Prosecuting Attorney) and Ponton (1. Thompson (Inspector of Police and head of the "Loyalty Squsl"). They conducted courses in Law Prostituting (commonly known as juggling the law), nnd also gave very good lessons in "How lo I'crtorm I lie Senile Art of Frame-up' S in good Kiekort ian style. First they produced a young reporter who attended the first State Coin en tion of the Communist Labor Party. He described, the setting of the con vention in the ill fated Communist Labor Party Huilding, identified re ports, resolutions, and sponkers attend ing the convention; swore to having "seen" contraband books on ryndiral ism, Sabotage, and tho I. W. W,, nnd testified that the assemblage sang an "awful" song entitled "We'll Mako the Bolsheviks Victorous", ami another one that ended, "While Hene Lies In Prison For Us All". The Hongs, to be sure, were enough to dnmn us for life Think of any convention in a land of the free wanting to make tho "majority victorious", or making "Soviets victorous"! How criminal! And to think that a convention of Americnn workingmon would "stoop so low" as to pay homnge in song to n "common prison rat"! What kind of a people could sing, "In a Living (Continued on page 1.) HANDS Orr RUSSIA DEMANDS McBRIDE. Bv Helen Aueur NKW YORK. Several thousand peo ple in Cnrnegio Mall rose to their feet and cheered for a full minute when Isnne MacHride, journalist and lecturer recently returned from soviet Russia, cried: "It's time to call n halt to this murder and sav, 'Hands Off Russia! The purpose of the meeting, which was held under the auspices of the Peoples' Freedom Union, was to de mand the immediste resumption of trade with soviet Russia. ThBt demand was voiced from hundreds of throat at the climax of Mscltride's descrip tion of the titanic miseries rnuscd by the economic blockade by the allies. "I saw soldiers of the Red Army whoso heads had been blown to pieces with shrapnel, bandaged with news papers," he said. "I saw great fel lows gritting their teeth to the ordeal of having arms or legs amputated wiin out the mercy of anesthetics. T saw little children, nourished on tho coun try's best ns the strategic resources of the future state, graduall.' sickening and dying luVnusc that best is not enough for them. The country has no drugs, no bandages and pitifully little food . " "Russia lias learned to go hungry and still defy the world against tak ing her liberty away. The rank and file are ihing new for the preservation of that liberty, and for the existeneo of the soviet state. "lnin told me that if he or Trotr. ky should go out into the streets nnl advocate the overthrow of the soviet, they would not laat M hours alive. The rank and file were in arms in Mnr-li 1017. and they overthrew the cr.ar's regime. In November bv power of tho same arms and the same will they overthrew the Kerensky government. Tell me, if the armed proletariat of Russia was opposed to this government, do you suppose it could stand for a moment against tho power of arms and Willi" Ncrman Thomas, editor of The World Tomorrow, and Harriot Stanton Rlatch, of the Emergency Committee for Rus sian relief scored the treatment of Russians in America by the present administration. One thousand dollars was contributed to tho fund for tech nical aid to Russia.