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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, July 02, 1920, Image 4

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Any person under the age of thirty, who, having any knowledge of the existing order, is not a
revolutionist, is an inferior". Bernard Shaw.
The Revolutionary Situation in Italy
By George Hal en en,
Written for The Federated Prees.
Even the Press dispatches state that
the Italian situation is critical and the
recent cabinet crisis has proved it.
Nitti resigned, but as none of the
bourgeois partios dared to take the
responsibility of forming a new cabin
et, he again and again took the po9t
of premier until finally Giovannia
Giolitti was found ready to attempt to
form a cabinet.
As early as 1914 the Socialist Partv
of Italy predicted that the imperialist
ic policy of the bourgeois would ne
cessarily lead to general misery and
that it would create a revolutionary
raovpment anions the masses. Recent
revolutionary activities have surprised
even the party.
The present social political crisis
is such that the only solution is rev
olution. The capitalist class under
stands that and it is prepared to face
the music. Ex-Premier Nitti, its most
eloquent and diplomatic spokesman,
has taken steps to fight the increasing
power of the workers' party. Nitti does
not resort to gag-laws and suppression.
On the contrary, he has taken a very
friendly attitude towards the socialists
who have 150 representatives in par
liament. "Our socialists arc real politicians''
says Nitti, in order to tame the
socialists. "They constitute a real
power. To them belongs the future."
But the socialists have refused to
take places on parliamentary commit
tees and commissions because, they
know that the time for reforms has
been outlived and that the masses,
not satisfied with reforms within the
capitalist system are fervently pre
paring for a revolution.
The present time is c period of
great strikes. In Turin a strike of
200,000 metal workers took place which
continued 28 days. The workers de
manded recognition of their soviet or
council. The strike was to be the
beginning of a general revolution, but
this did not succeed as the armed
forces of the exploiters were too
strong for them.
All over Italy the peasants are dis
satisfied because of their miserable
conditions. The farm workers of Par
via and Novarra are striking, often
using extreme measures,
-induetml as well as agricultural
workers are striking and sometimes
the strikes are not bloodless. Some
time ago a socialist was murdered in
Decima. The workers declared a pro
test strike. As a result six workers
were killed and thirty injuerd by sold
iers. Of the Modena workers who pro
tested against the military Tule of
Decima five were killed and fifty
injured. This catastrophe was followed
by a protest strike in Bolonga and
the workers of Florence, Genoa, Rive,
Trizeso Parma and Piacenza deolared
a '24 hours general cessation of work
as a demonstration against the tact
ics of the militarists.
The dissatisfied workers are demand
ins that the Socialist Party declare
a revolution. This desire of the ira
patient masses is shared by many trade
unionists. The Socialist party which is
ihorousuiv revolutionary is against a
revolution at the present time. "Avan
ti" the organ of the party, says, "The
labor organizations must fieht for
victory and they must not enter into
premature revolts. We must be ready
for the right time."
The Executive Committee of the
party has declared the following
"The Executive Committee of the
Socialist Tarty is of the opinion that
the present difficulties and strikes in
dicate that the situation will ccn
tinue to become more critical and of
necessity revolutionary. We therefore
deem it necessary for the proletariat
to prepare for united action in order
to crush the reaction and to over
throw the capitalist government."
"Avanti" explains in a leading art
icle that the events in Sestri and
Turin where the workers were defeat
ed by armed forces shows that the
socialists have not yet sufficient
power. The bourgeois state is armed.
The socialists are not. The tendency of
the Socialist party is not against revol
ution but it wants preparation, even
arming ot the workcrs) before it gives
the signal for revolution.
The Soviets or councils form a part
of the preparation. At the meeting of
the national council of the party which
took place in Milan April 18-21 it
was decided to urge the forming of
workers' councils in places where the
socialists are strong. This resolution
was adopted by 94,736 votes against
21,950. A resolution providing councils
all over Italy received 8,000 votes.
The chief purpose of the Socialist
party in checking the revolutionary
activity of the masses is to organize
and discipline them so that when the
time is ripe for revolution the party
will be in a position to direct tho
revolutionary movement from a cent
ral point. The May Day proclamation
indicated this very clearly. The party
urged the workers to demonstrate for
revolution, for Soviet Russia and for
their own councils but above all for
discipline, revolutionary discipline, di
By Tom Clifford.
In the June "Cosmopolitan" I ran
across the following bit of bourgeois
gush penned by Mcridith Nicholson:
"America's need for leadership was
never greater than now not in
state craft alone, but in things spiritual,
in education and kindred departments
of the social structure." Sounds nice,
doesn't itt One would think from
reading the foregoing that "spiritual
ity" had a place in capitalist ethics.
During the last four years the bour
goisie, through their courts, have jailed
practically all the men and women in
this country that had "vision" and
dared give expression to their ideals.
They sent Eugene V. Debs to the pen
itentiary because his great soul cried
out against wholesale murder and
thousands of others are languishing in
prisons for demanding a change in
social conditions that would afford
them opportunity to develop themselves
spiritually. The bourgeois has no con
ception of spirituality. Tho gross things
of life occupy his undivided attention,
and woe be to man or woman who
interferes by word or act with the
institutions that guarantee to him un
limited license to plunder his fellows.
Yet the magazines are full of this
hypocritical cant while the game goes
merily on.
t saw a letter tho other day from
a workingman in Buenas Aires to a
workingman in Cleveland announcing
that the workers of South America
were boycotting United States pro
ducts. And what do you suppose is the
reason t Glory be, it is in retaliation for
the outrages committed against the
workers of this country on May Day,
1919. Now is that for an exhibition of
solidarity! More power to their elbow!
"An eye for an eye and a looth for
a tooth" is not bad philosophy. This
is a telling blow delivered just at the
time the bourgeoisie of this country
are so badly in need of markets. I
wonder how long it will be until the
workers of the United States develop
the same degree of clans consciousness.
The Soldiers' bonus bill has been
passed by the House with the under
standing that it is to be chloroform
ed in tho Senate. Leave it to the
capitalists to sec that the bill is
quietly laid away in the Senate com
mittee boneyard. Same old game of
passing the buck." There are just
eipline of human beings and masses, two methods possible to provide the
bonds. To the politicians the former
is unthinkable because of the fear of
a political reaction by the people that
would relegate these gentlemen to
private life, while the latter would
never be permitted by the big financial
interests for they realize that the
bonds could not be marketed among
the workers, as were the Liberty is
sues, and consequently the burden
would have to be borne by themselves,
and they are now carrying, through
absorption of Liberty bonds, all tho
governmental securities they can stand.
Besides it would augment the currency
inflation to a point that might pre
cipitate the financial crisis they are
even now frantically trying to avert.
But now comes the Cincinnati Post
with a brand new scheme to solve
this vexing problem. The Post sug
geste that tho I. O. Us given to Uncle
Sam for the billions loaned the Allies
be exchanged for bonds to be issued
bv the debtor nations and that the3C
bonds be distributed as bonuses to th"
soldiers. Here is high finance with a
vengeance. Great head, that editor..
As I pointed out recently, there is
not the remotest hope that these
"promises to pay" would be any happen.
better asset than the bonds issued by
the Southern Confederacy during the
Rebellion, and no one knows that
better than the pencil pusher who
evolved this utterly preposterous pro
position. And yet, when I remember
how the government swindled tho
soldiers of the Civil War by paying
them off in depreciated greenbacks
worth but 33 cents on a dollar, I
shall not be surprised if the same
bunko game is played on the sol
diers of the World War. It doesn't
matter much, anyway. The workers
are used to being skinned.
Are there any persons excited over
the Republican National Convention,
If there are they are carefully abstain
ing from putting themselves in eviden
ce. During ten days lounging in hotel
lobbies I have heard just one com
ment on the convention. The prevail
ing topics of conversatian arc baso
ball, horse racing and high prices.
No one seems to caro a pickayune
who is nominated for tho Presidency
by either the Democrats or Republic
ans. This apithetic attitude toward
"politics" is extremely alarming to
tho politicians, for it makos a hurrah"
campaign, which is their long suit,
practically impossible. It is a porten
tious sign. Out of the ferment of pres
ent day society will emerge sober
think iug, and then something will
T!h highest aim is victory for the
dictatorship of the proletariat and for
the realization of communism.
Italy is on the verge of great social
upheaval a social revolution.
funds necessary to meet the proposed
bonus, and the politicians realize that
neither is practicable at the present
time. One is increased taxation; the
other the flotation of a new issue of i
Is there no secret place on the face of the earth
Where charity dwelleth where virture hath birth,
Where bosoms in kindness and mercy will heave,
And the poor and the wretched shall ask and receive?
Is there no placo where a knock from tho poor
Will bring a kind angel to open tho doort
Ah: search the wide world and find if you can
Who will open the door to a moneyless man.
Go to the halls where tho chandelier's light
Drives off with its splendor the darkness of night;
Where the rich hanging curtains in a shadowy fold
Sweep peacefully down with their trimmings of gold,
And the mirrors of silver take up and renew
In their long lighted vistas, the bewildering view.
Go there in your patches and find if yon can
A welcoming smile for a moneyless man.
Go to your church; with its cloud-reaching spire
Which gives back to tho Bun its same light of fire;
Where the arches and columns are gorgeous within,
And tho walls seem as pure as a soul without sin;
Walk down the long aisles, see the rich and the great
In the pride and the pomp of their wordly estate;
Walk down in your patches and find if you can
Who will open a pow to a moneyless man.
Go to your Judge with his long flowing gown,
Where, with scales in hand, weighth equity down;
Whore he frowns on tho weak and smiles on the strong
And punishes Right whilo ho justifies Wrong.
Where the Jurors, their lips on tho Bible have laid
To render a verdict they have already made.
Go there in tho court room and find if you can
Any law for tho cause of a moneyless man.
Then go to your hovel; no raven has fed
The wife who has suffered too long for bread.
Kneel down by her pallet and wipe the death frost
From the lips of the angel your poverty lost;
Then turn in your agony and look upward to God
And bless while he smites you with chastening rod,
And you'll find at the end of your life's little span
There's even no welcome in Heaven for a moneyless man.
By Linn A. E. Gale.
Nero, immortal in the annals of infamy
and watching the helpless people of an
cient Rome burn to death, never smacked
his lips in more hellish glee than would
the munitions-makers, profiteers and
imperialists of the United States if
they could imprison, torture and
butcher the American "slackers" who
are still in Mexico.
No clan of cannibals ever lusted
more furiously for the blood of their
victims than do the financial dictators
of the American government lust for
our blood.
They forgave the Germans long ago.
They never had any intention of hang
ing or punishing the kaiser. Such talk
was bluff to kid the people. If the
German cmpror had been killed becauso
he lost this war, President Wilson's
turn or King George's or Lloyd
George's or Clcmenceau's turn might
come later. They had nothing against
the Kaiser as an individual, despite
their lying assertions. They simply
wanted to dominato the markets of
the world and to do so it was necessary
to trash Germany. Some other time
it will be necessary for them to clean
up England and Japan in order to
, maintain supremacy of trade. Altho
thev were dead in earnest in seeking
commercial mastery, they have no de
sire to be so harsh with tho enemy
as to affect tho stability of the cap
italist system. Repeatedly they have
shown that they prefer kaiserism any
time to Communism and workers' con
trol of industry. But the men who own
the wealth of the United States have
never forgiven us "slackers". They
never will. They hato us with all the
fury of fiends. They size us, torment
us, mangle us and finally slaughter us
and make an example of us before the
An Exemple For Future Objectors
dom on alien soil for the purpose of
propagating Communist teachings. Those
who simply came to Mexico to save
their skins, who had no conscientious
or class-conscious objection to the war
except that they didn't want to get
hurt, who got jobs or opened stores
and began to make money here like
"good citizens," they are all right,
from the standpoint of capitalism. Wall
St. has no special enmity against them.
There are lots of men in the United
States who did the same thing in a
little different way who escaped mili
tary service by pull or bribery. While
the government didn't like such doings
as a rule for it wanted to have plenty
of men to do the fighting, it wasn't
much concerned about it. "Slackers"
who camo to Mexico in such a quiet,
inoffensive way, have frequently gone
back to their home towns and been
unmolested or at the worst, spent a
few months in jail and then gone
But the "slacker" who was against
the war because ho was a Communist, a
Socialist, an I. W. W., or a Pacifist,
is a danger to tho dying system, a
danger to the designs of Wall St. Such
"slackers" not only fled to foreign
soil but they commenced an active
and effective propaganda in favor of
Bolshevism. They tried to awaken
others to the criminality of a system
under which wars are necessary. They
tried to imbue others with their own
spirit of rebellion so that when the
next war comes, there will bo still
more who will refuse to obey the
diets of the international murdor tni3t.
And they were very successful, stirring
in thousands a spirit hitherto unknown
and filling them with that imperishable
zeal, for a cause that armies and em
pires cannot kill.
The "Spy" Story
American capitalism wants to show
every American that this is what will
happen to any man who dares think
for himself who dares refuse to fight
in capitalistic wars who dares to
prize human life more than tho gold
of millionaires, the epaulet of a soldier
and tho brutal mandate of a degenerate gy , fa
(lAirnmmnnt ftlflf'o wll V AmnTlCOn PflTV
Bvjwmtm " "v r
italism has never ceased to try to get
the fugitives back from Mexico. That's
why it has resumed trading with the
terrible "Huns" that it was a little
whilo ago so savageriy denouncing an
centers all its venom
on the "slackers."
and virulence
(Continued from page l-st.)
City of Chicago, attending the conven
tion session in the morning and a
meeting of the Central Executive Com
mittee of tho party in tbo afternoon. In
the same city with a party of com
rades. On November 15th, another date
definitely fixed, he attended a meeting
of the Central Executive Committee of
I tho Communist Party in Chicago as
i a i ijt.i i . , .
, couiu oc vernicu Dy twelve otner mem-
For the "slacker" is a menace to
capitalism providing he uses his free-
Predatory Wars, Oppression of the
Workers and the Beginning of
the Downfall of Capital
During tho last few ym in every capitalist country, small
nomitnl has almost vanished: it has hecn swallowed up by the
biff sharks. Formerly, many separate capitalists were fighting
for customers; now wncn mere are not many more uyjuuw
capitalists (for almost all the small ones have been ruined),
those that remained have united, organized and are in control
country vou mav metniom hist as the landed pro
prietor controlled his estate formerly. A few American bankers
rule over all America, just as a single manufacturer formerly
AnntmllMl his factorv: a few French usurers hold the French
people in subjection ;'five large banks control the destiny of the
entire German people. It is just the same in the other capital
ist countries. For this reason it may be said that the modern
capitalistic states or the socalled "Fatherlands" have become
enormous factories, which are ruled by a combination of prop
erty holders, just as formerly every seperate capitalist ruled
in his own factory.
It is not surprising, therefore, that these trusts, the State
combinations of the different bourgeoisies, now carry on that
Mmn hnttlft with each other, which formerly was waged by
the separate capitalists; the English bourgeois State battles
with the German bourgeois State, just as lormeny in rngiaim
or in Germany, one manufacturer might battle with another.
Only now, the stake is a thousand times higher, and the battlo
for the increase of profit is carried on with the help of human
lives and of human blood.
Tn this atrurerlo. which takes in the entire world, the first
ones to bo destroyed arc tho small ami weak contrics. First
come the small colonial peoples weak, occasionally wild races,
who are destroyed piemcal by the big predatory states. A
struggle thon ensues between th(sc predatory states as to the
rHvisinn of the "free" territory, that is. the territories which
have not as yet been stolen by the "civilized" states. Then
begins the struggle for the rodivision of the territory which
has nlready been stolen. It is clear that this struggle for the
rodivision "of the world must be bloodier nnd more bitter than
ever before. Monstrous giants, the largest states of the world,
armed with tho most thorough death-dealing machines battle
with each other.
The world-war, which broke out in the summer of I'M I
,wi whip.h ha not vet ended, is the first war waged for the
decisive rodivision of the world between the monsters or
"civilized" robbery. It drew into its whirlpool the four gigan-1
tic rivals, England, Germany, America and Japan. And the
war is being waged to decide which of these robber alliances
will be successful in forcing the world under its bloody iron
This war everywhere aggravates the already hard lot of
the working-class incredibly. The workers now have unbear
able burdens heaped upon them; millions of the best workers
are simply slaughtered on the battle fields; hunger is the lot
of the remainder; those who dare to protest, are threatened
with the remainder; those who dare to protest, are threatened
with the harhest punishment. All the prisons are overflow
ing; the authorities hold the machine-guns m readiness for
use against the workers. The rights of the workers have
disappered even m tho "freest" countries: to strike is not
allowed; strikes are punishable as treason. The workers' press
is gagged. The best workers, the most devoted fighters for
tho Revolution are forced, to hide themselves and to tound
their organization in secret, as they did during the rule of the
Czar in Russia) hiding from the host of spies and police offi
cials. It is no wonder that the workers not only groan under
such consequences of the war, but even begin to rise against
their oppressors.
But the bourgeois States themselves, that start this fear
ful slaughter, begin to rot at their roots and to putrify.
The are sunk in the bloody morass, which they created by their
hunt for profit, and there is no way out for them. To go
back with empty hands after such an expenditure of money,
objects and blood cannot be done. To go forward to another
horrible risk that too, is almost impossible. The war policy
leads into a blind alley, from which there is no way out. For
this reason, tho war is prolonged endlessly, even though there
is no decisive result. For the same reason, tho capitalistic sys
tem begins to rot, and sooner or later, must make way for
a new system in which thoro is no place for the madness of a
world-war for profit.
The longer the war lasts' the more do the warring powers
weaken. The flower of the working people either porishes, or
lies in the trenches eaten up by lice, busy with tho work of
the misery of the people grows, life is being extinguished. In
such well-governed cities as Berlin and Vienna, it is not safe
to go on the street at night; everywhere robberies are being
committed. The German bourgeois papers are complaining
about the insufficient number of police. They do not wish to
see that the growth of the number of criminals is due to the
increase of misery' desperation and rage. The cripples come
back from tho front and find universal hunger at home; the
number of homeless and hungry grows in spite 'of the excellent
organization, for there is nothing to cat, but the war keeps
going on, and is constantly demanding fresh sacrifices.
The more difficult tho situation of the warring states be
comes, the more friction, dissension and disunion will arise
in all the strata of the bourgeoisie, which formerly marched
together, hand in hand in the interest of their common goal.
In Austria, the Czechs, the Ukrainians, the Germans, tho
Poles are tearing each other's hair. In Germany, mostly be
cause of the conquering of new provinces, the same bour
geoisio (tho Esthonian- the Lettish, tho Ukrainian, the Po
lish), the bourgeoisie which invited the German troops in, is
now forced into a violent dispute with its liberators. In Jiing
land, the English bourgeoisie is engaged in a death struggle
with tho Irish bourgeoisie, which has been held in subjection
by the English bourgeoisie. And out of all this confusion,
the working-class raises its voice ever louder, that working
class which, by tho whole course of its development, is forced
to face tho problem of crushing the war and of throwing off
the yoke of capitalism.
So tho time of the decomposition of capitalism and the
time of tho Communistic Revolution of the workmg-clnss is
The first breach was made by the Russian Revolution of
October. Capitalism decomposed earlier in Russia than in any
other country because the burden of the world-war pressed
more heavily on the young capitalist government of that
country. Russia did not havo such enormous organizations of
tho bourgeoisie as England, Germany and America. For thin
reason, it was not equal to tlie demands which the war made
.. 1 1 ll. Al. .11 t J 11
destruction. Evervthinir is destroyed for tho war: oven brass! upon it, nor could it cope with the mighty attack made upon it
door-handles are confiscated for war material.. The most nee- by the Russian working-class and the poorest peasants, who
ossary things of life are lacking, for the war has swallowed , lifted tho bourgeoisie out of the saddle in October nnd trans-
bers of tho committee.
As to the checks which tho informer
claimed to havo seen in the file sup
posed to contain Fraina's reports, any
one familiar with modern accounting
methods would smilo at tho proposi
tion that returned checks should be
filed in tho individual file of tho per
son to whom they wore issued.
When tho investigation was com
pleted those present were asked to
state whether they wcro satisfied that
Fraina had been exonerated and all
but two members of the Bureau agreed
that such was the caso. Tho other two
persons still had some douts although
admitting that there was no clear case.
The stenographic report of tho hear
ing was later submitted to tho Ex
ecutive Council of tho Communist Party
and the Translator-Secretaries repre
senting the Languago Federations in
tho National Office and it was tboir
unanimous verdict that Fraina had boon
The "Call" endeavors to baso iU in
sinuations upon tho fact that Fraina
was not nrrcHted last Novombor, whilo
others wcro and that ho was able to
leave tho country. Those familiar with
the fncts know that Fraina was in
hiding for a month before, he loft tho
country and that ho left secretly, as
many other persons havo bocn nblo
to do.
Publicity is given to tho facta in
regard to the Fraina chnrges in order
to show tho reprehensible tactics which
tho Socialist Party publications nro
ready to resort to in order tn dis
credit rival orgnnirations. In this mat
ter tho "Call" nnd other Socialist
Party pnpers which havo copied its
articles have outdono the slimiest work
of the capitalist kept press.
up everything like nn insatiable wandering bust of locust.
Nobody produces useful objects they are only used up. For
the fourth year, the factories which formerly produced useful
objects, are turning out nothing but shrapnel and grenades
f erred the power into the hands of the party of tho working
class, tho Communists the Bolshoviiki.
Sooner or later the sarnie fate will overtake the West
European bourgeoisie. The working-class of Western Europe
Without men, without producing anything that is really neces- is joining tho ranks of tho Communists in ever increasing
sarv, all countries are reaching such a state of decay, that the numbers. Everywhere the organ iza lions oi ineir own ivne
poople are already beginning to howl like wolves on account viki" are growing: in Austria nnd America, in Germany and
of hunger, eold, want, misery nnd oppression. In the German Norway, in Franco and Italy. Tho program of tho Communist
villages which formerly used electricity, the people are bum-1 Party will be tho program of the Proletarian World Revok
ing pino splinters for thoro is a lack of coaL In proportion as tion-
(Continued from page 2nd)
here. If you follows ro rlghl In vmir
contention tlirt wo have n message
for tho slaves, thrn wo sliniiM u" (riv
ing that message. It is of no 8M
MqjMBM to n powniillv f hey io
joct It at least wi wdl hive Ihfl satis
faction of having done on- duly at
we MW It.
(Contlnaod next work.)

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