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Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, AUGUST 20, 192.
Norwegian Trade Unions For Soviet
The Norwegian workers are no longer sat
isfied to have the capitalists own the indus
tries vn which they must work and to be op
pressed and robbed by them. They have declar
ed themselves for the abolition of the whole
capitalist system and adopted a program to
accomplish that end.
This program is not a .program adopted
by a Socialist or Communist Party, but a
program which was adopted by the National
Congress of Trade Unions at a convention held
during the month of July. The equivalent to
this action in this country would be the adopt
ion of the same. kind of program by the Amer
ican Federation of Labor.
The steps which the Norwegian workers
have determined upon are, first, the organi
zation of shop committees in all factories and
workshops as the first step toward securing
control of production, endorsement of the So
viet system of government and the Dictator
ship of the Proletariat as the form of the
workers' government after the conquest of
power, third, endorsement of mass action by
the workers as the means of achieving power.
The Shop Committees.
Through the shop committees the Norwe
gian workers except to mobilize all the workers
in each factory for the straggle against the
capitalists. Their shop committees will not re
present the workers of one union, but will
unite all the unions in each factory by a com
mon bond. By thus uniting all the workers
in each factory in a common struggle in that
factory, the idea of organization of the workers
in each factory for control of that factory is
built up. The workers discuss and decide the
issues which come up as their every day con
flict with the management and secure the no
' ccssary training to control the industries them
selves. It is because the shop committeos not
only are powerful weapons in the immediate
struggle of the workers for hotter wages and
working conditions, but because they give the
workcra the training and discipline which they
must have in order to conduct industry, that
they are included in the program of the Nor
The Norwegian workers do not expect to
gain control of the industries through merely
organizing a shop committee in each factory.
They realize that these shop committees aie
merely initial steps that the control they
can achieve while the capitalists remain in con
trol of government is limited by narrow bounds
They know that if the shop committees go too
far in their demands the capitalists will call
in the government with its army and police
and courts to break the organization and power
of the workers. Because of this realization they
have declared themselves for the use of mass
action of the workers against the government
in order to abolish the instrument of oppression
which the capitalists use against them.
Soviet and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat.
The Norwegian workers are close neigh
bors to the workers of Russia and they have
learned from their struggle. After the Russian
workers overthrew the government of the
czar and of Kerensky they established the
Soviets Workers Councils as the organs
of their government. The Workers Councils are
made up of the representatives of the workers
of various occupations and of the peasants.
The shop committeos which the Norwegian
workers have set up are the nuclues of the
Workers Councils. Only workers who gain
their livlihood through useful labor are permit--ted
to vote in the election of the Workors
Councils. The capitalists are disfranchised.
This means that the workers have complete
control of the government, and their exploiters
are barred from participation. This is the Dic
tatorship of tho Proletariat, for which the Nor
wegian workers have declared themselves.
The Norwegian workers, through the de
cision of their Trade Union congress, have
adopted the program which the experience of
the Russian workers has shown 'is the only
road to the emancipation of the workingclaas.