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THE TOILER FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1920 The World Wide Movement British Labor Talks Bough. In striking contrast to the officials of American labor organizations, who are bold only when ordering strikers back to work, and pusillanimous in their dealings with the bosses, is the attitude of the leaders of British labor. Speaking at the annual meeting of the Northumberland miners, "Bob" Smillie said the Federation would re, fuse to work under the Mines Bill, now before Parliament, which is aimed at its destruction. Sn:illie scoffed at re ports in the press that nationalization is dead, saying that nationalization might come in another way than through a government elected for that purpose. "The miners of this country may make up their minds to refuse to produce coal any longer for the main tainence of private interests," he said. Frank Hodges- said that unless some great transformation took place the economic well-being of the miners and others dependent upon them would be seriously prejudiced. The determination of the miners that the people of the country should liot pay the 14s, 2d, increase was, he said, the greatest ex ample of their moral relationship to the country. "Be prepared for the hardest fight in your history," continued Hodges. "Be prepared in your organization; be prepared with your commissariat and your cooperative movements; be prepared financially; be prepared for anything that may happen in the near future. I feel sure that the forces that aro at work are such that we are !n for the gravest period in oiir history". Toward One Big Union in" Australia An industrial conference was recent ly held in Porth, Western Australia to deal with the question of forming One Big Union in that Australian State. It was decided to adopt the 0. B. U. constitution on the same lines as that adopted in other Australian States with minor alterations, and to organ ize the workers on an industrial basis in 81 industrial sections instead of the present craft union system. It wnqpdecided to call the 0. B. U. by the official name of "The Work ers' Industrial Union of Australia, West Australian Section", with the head office situated at the Trades' Hall, Perth. The objective of the 0. B. U. was set out as follows: "To unite the workers of Australia in one organization, to replace the present competitive system by one of social ownership of the 'neans of production, distribution and exchange, and to ad vocate the formation of One Big Union of workers in Australia." The scheme was drafted under the following six departments: Building and Conduc tion ; Manufacture and General Pro duction; Transportation and Communi cation; Agricultural, Land and Fisher ies; Civil Service and Public Utilities; and Mining. internationally against the bosses or ganized internationally. Rank-and-file movement in Germany. The Berlin correspondent of the Lon don Daily nerald reports the develop ment of a strong rank-and-file move ment among the coal miners in the Ruhr region. The officials of the Ger man Miners' Union have adopted such a wavering policy that the members of the organization are showing a strong tendency to over-ride them and to take matters into their own hands. The "mine committees", which arc somewhat similar to the British shop stewards, are being federated in to a sort of unofficial economic soviet. One hundred and ten delegates of the rank and file, in a conference, decided to refuse all overtime work, unless the right of control over production, distri bution and price of coal is given to the miners in cooperation with the con sumers. The German capitalists are very much alarmed at this powerful move ment toward rank and file control which is developing among other im portant unions as well as the miners. That the capitalists feel a much closer kinship with the capitalists of Allied countries than with the workers of Germany is plninly indicated by the recent declaration of Hugo Stinncs, the great Westphalian coal magnate. Ho announced himself in favor of Allied occupation of the Ruhr district because the Allied troops would force the miners to work longer honrs. Industrial Unionism in Ireland. Organized labor in Ireland is de veloping along very advanced lines. It would be difficult to find a country where the theory of the One Big Union is more unquestioningly accept ed by the rank and file of labor. Of fhe half million active trade unionists in Ireland half are now members of the great Transport and General Work ers' Union. This organization, founded by Jim Lark in in 1909 as a militantly class conscious industrial union, is today one of the most advanced and powerful labor bodies in the world. Its recent it has 125,000 members in 450 branch growth has been phenomenal. 5 years ago (hiring the ebb-tide which followed the outbreak of the war, it counted but 5,000 members in ten branches. Today it has 1250,000 members in 450 branch es, including 40,000 agricultural work ers, and further amalgamations, not federations are going forward rapid iy- It is leading the way for a national ly organized and thoroughly industrial ized Irish labor movement built on the same general principles as the I. W. W. in America. REVAL, Juno 25. (By Mail.) X. Bureau.) Strong protest against the arrest of 17 trade unionists in Batonm by British authorities has boon made to men arrested included the Batoum labor council and the edito rial staff of the labor paper, "The Voice of Labor." They have boon talein to Malta, here they aro held in close confinement. The manifesto ap peals to the British workers to stop further "scoundrelly acts" by their government. CALCUTA, INDIA The revolution ary activities in Tndia are growing so fast that thu British authorities have decided to remove the mint of Calcutta from Bari Bazar where military defense is difficult, to the Hastings by the Ganges. In its position the mint can be easily commanded by the guns of tho Calcutta fort; and if necessary may easily be shipped off.