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THE TOILER FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1920. j Three Criminal Syndicalism Laws j IN OLD RUSSIA. IN WASHINGTON IN GERMANY Here are a few sections of the Tin feiial Russian Penal Code prohibiting wiitious utterances. The code was is ned in 1903 and as signed by Nicholas H. The eminent success of the then Russian government in attaining the abject aimed at is a matter of recent ititory. Article 125. Whoever shall partici pate in an association having for its abject: (1) The inciting to dis obedience or resistance to the law r do an ordinance or to a regulation ewde pursuant to law; (2) Or the ex citing of hatred between sections or abases of the population, or between employers and workmen: (3) Or in siting workmen to organize or to con tinue a strike, prohibited by Article 267; Shall be punished by imprisonment Ln a house of detontion or in a frtress. Articlo 130. Whoever shall be guilty f secrotly propaganda doctrines or opinions which incite: (1) Tho commis won of an act of trenson or rebellion; JS) The overthrow of the existing so cial system; (3) Disobedience to laws, regulations or decrees made made by Jhe authorities pursuant to law; (4) The commission of any crime auxiliary tfuwc set forth above Shall be punished, if the doctrines or criminal opinions have been propa gated among tho rural population, por jobs in the military or naval service. Bsfcorcrs, and in general among such persons whore any such iiciting would senate the public pence, and who are mentally capable of resisting susk tetriaes; by DEPORTATION, for the heubtion of doctrines forbidden is natm Soctioss 1 and 2 of this article, and by imprisonment, not excoeding THREE YEARS, in case of prop gatbg the doctrines forbiidon by Barographs 3 and 4 of this artitW.... AN ACT RELATING TO CRIMES, PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR THE DISSEMINATION OF DOCTRINES INIMICAL TO PTJRLIC TRAN QUILITY AND ORDERLY GOV ERNMENT, AND REPEALING CHAPTER 3 OF THE LAWS OF 1919. Be it enectad by the Legislature of the State of Washington: (1) Advocate, advise, teach or jsstify crime, sedition, violence, intimi dation or injury as a means or way of euecxing or resisting any industrial, economic, social or political change, or (2) Print, publish, edit, issue or knowingly sell, circulate, distribute or display any book, pamphlet paper, hand-bill, document, or written or printed matter of any form, advocat ing, advising, teaching or justifying crime, sedition, violence, intimidation or injury as a means or way or effect ing or resisting any industrial, econ omic, social or political change, or (3) Organize or help to organize, give aid to, be a member of or volun tarily assemble with any greup of porsons formed to advocate, advise or teach crime, sedition, violence, intimi dation or injury as a means or way of effecting or resisting any industrial economic, social or political change. SHALL BE GUILTY OF FEL ONY. SECTION 2. Any owner, lesse, agent, occupant or person in control of any property who shall knowingly permit the use thereof by any person or persons engaged in doing any of the acts or things made unlawful by the preceding section, shall be guilty of a grcss misdemeanor. SECTION 3.-Ohapter 3 of the Laws of 1919 is hereby repealed. This act shall not be tonstnied to repeal or arnoid any otner penal statute. SECTION 4,-This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety and shall take effect immediately. Passed the Senate March 3, 1919. Passed by the Governor March 19, 1919. "The penalty of being convicted for Felony is ten years in the penitentiary or fine of $!),000 or both. The imperial German Criminal Code of 1870 was signed by Bismarck and William 1. The sedition sections quoted below were enforced against news papers labor organizations and Social ists with great severity by Bismarck. The result was unexpected, and, in general, so much patriotic loyality and devotion to the then form of govern ment was generated that a revolution overthrew and esnt the Kaiser into Holland studying windmills. Section 81. Anyone who undertakes by force to alter the constitution of the German Empire or a federal state, or the succession to the crown estab lished therefor. . . shall be guilty of High Treason and be liable to Penal Internment or Military Detention for life. If there are extenuating circum stances the punishment shall be Mili tary Detention for not less than PIVK YEARS. Section 82. Any act directly tending to the carrying out of the intention shall be regarded as an undertaking by which the crime of High Treason in completed. Section 85. Any one who publicly before a crowd, or by declamation or public placarding or public display of writings or other representations, in cites to the carrying out of nn of fense punishable under Section 82, shall be liable to Ponnl Internment or Mili tary Detention not exceeding ten years If there are extenuating circumstances the punishment shall be Military De tention of from ONE TO FIVE YKARS. CHAPTER HI Opposition to Public Authority. ..Soction 110. Any one who in public and in the presence of a number of persons or by tho circulation of state ments, the public exhibition of pin cards or the publie distribution of written documents or other roprosenta tions, incites to disobedience of law of made by a competent authority shall nny lawful proclamation or an order be linble to a fine aot oxcoeding six hundred mnrks or to confinement NOT EXCEEDING TWO YEARS. Section 111. Any one who incites n the mnnner nforesaid the commission of punishnble act shall, IF A PUNISH AW.K ACT OH ATTEMPT RESULTS TIIKKEPROM. be similarly linble as nn instigator. IF THERE 18 NO SUCH RESULT, the punishment shall be : fino not exceeding ONE YEAR. In no caso. however, shall the punishment exceed that laid down for the net itself.