OCR Interpretation


The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, August 27, 1920, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078683/1920-08-27/ed-1/seq-2/

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?AGE 2
THE TOILER
FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1920.
j Three Criminal Syndicalism Laws j
IN OLD RUSSIA.
IN WASHINGTON
IN GERMANY
Here are a few sections of the Tin
feiial Russian Penal Code prohibiting
wiitious utterances. The code was is
ned in 1903 and as signed by Nicholas
H. The eminent success of the then
Russian government in attaining the
abject aimed at is a matter of recent
ititory.
Article 125. Whoever shall partici
pate in an association having for its
abject: (1) The inciting to dis
obedience or resistance to the law r
do an ordinance or to a regulation
ewde pursuant to law; (2) Or the ex
citing of hatred between sections or
abases of the population, or between
employers and workmen: (3) Or in
siting workmen to organize or to con
tinue a strike, prohibited by Article
267;
Shall be punished by imprisonment
Ln a house of detontion or in a
frtress.
Articlo 130. Whoever shall be guilty
f secrotly propaganda doctrines or
opinions which incite: (1) Tho commis
won of an act of trenson or rebellion;
JS) The overthrow of the existing so
cial system; (3) Disobedience to laws,
regulations or decrees made made by
Jhe authorities pursuant to law; (4)
The commission of any crime auxiliary
tfuwc set forth above
Shall be punished, if the doctrines
or criminal opinions have been propa
gated among tho rural population, por
jobs in the military or naval service.
Bsfcorcrs, and in general among such
persons whore any such iiciting would
senate the public pence, and who are
mentally capable of resisting susk
tetriaes; by DEPORTATION, for the
heubtion of doctrines forbidden is
natm Soctioss 1 and 2 of this article,
and by imprisonment, not excoeding
THREE YEARS, in case of prop
gatbg the doctrines forbiidon by
Barographs 3 and 4 of this artitW....
AN ACT RELATING TO CRIMES,
PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR THE
DISSEMINATION OF DOCTRINES
INIMICAL TO PTJRLIC TRAN
QUILITY AND ORDERLY GOV
ERNMENT, AND REPEALING
CHAPTER 3 OF THE LAWS OF
1919.
Be it enectad by the Legislature of
the State of Washington:
(1) Advocate, advise, teach or
jsstify crime, sedition, violence, intimi
dation or injury as a means or way of
euecxing or resisting any industrial,
economic, social or political change, or
(2) Print, publish, edit, issue or
knowingly sell, circulate, distribute or
display any book, pamphlet paper,
hand-bill, document, or written or
printed matter of any form, advocat
ing, advising, teaching or justifying
crime, sedition, violence, intimidation
or injury as a means or way or effect
ing or resisting any industrial, econ
omic, social or political change, or
(3) Organize or help to organize,
give aid to, be a member of or volun
tarily assemble with any greup of
porsons formed to advocate, advise or
teach crime, sedition, violence, intimi
dation or injury as a means or way
of effecting or resisting any industrial
economic, social or political change.
SHALL BE GUILTY OF FEL
ONY. SECTION 2. Any owner, lesse,
agent, occupant or person in control
of any property who shall knowingly
permit the use thereof by any person
or persons engaged in doing any of
the acts or things made unlawful by
the preceding section, shall be guilty of
a grcss misdemeanor.
SECTION 3.-Ohapter 3 of the Laws
of 1919 is hereby repealed. This act
shall not be tonstnied to repeal or
arnoid any otner penal statute.
SECTION 4,-This act is necessary
for the immediate preservation of the
public peace, health and safety and
shall take effect immediately.
Passed the Senate March 3, 1919.
Passed by the Governor March 19,
1919.
"The penalty of being convicted for
Felony is ten years in the penitentiary
or fine of $!),000 or both.
The imperial German Criminal Code
of 1870 was signed by Bismarck and
William 1. The sedition sections quoted
below were enforced against news
papers labor organizations and Social
ists with great severity by Bismarck.
The result was unexpected, and, in
general, so much patriotic loyality and
devotion to the then form of govern
ment was generated that a revolution
overthrew and esnt the Kaiser into
Holland studying windmills.
Section 81. Anyone who undertakes
by force to alter the constitution of
the German Empire or a federal state,
or the succession to the crown estab
lished therefor. . . shall be guilty of
High Treason and be liable to Penal
Internment or Military Detention for
life. If there are extenuating circum
stances the punishment shall be Mili
tary Detention for not less than PIVK
YEARS.
Section 82. Any act directly tending
to the carrying out of the intention
shall be regarded as an undertaking
by which the crime of High Treason in
completed.
Section 85. Any one who publicly
before a crowd, or by declamation or
public placarding or public display of
writings or other representations, in
cites to the carrying out of nn of
fense punishable under Section 82, shall
be liable to Ponnl Internment or Mili
tary Detention not exceeding ten years
If there are extenuating circumstances
the punishment shall be Military De
tention of from ONE TO FIVE
YKARS.
CHAPTER HI
Opposition to Public Authority.
..Soction 110. Any one who in public
and in the presence of a number of
persons or by tho circulation of state
ments, the public exhibition of pin
cards or the publie distribution of
written documents or other roprosenta
tions, incites to disobedience of law of
made by a competent authority shall
nny lawful proclamation or an order
be linble to a fine aot oxcoeding six
hundred mnrks or to confinement NOT
EXCEEDING TWO YEARS.
Section 111. Any one who incites n
the mnnner nforesaid the commission
of punishnble act shall, IF A PUNISH
AW.K ACT OH ATTEMPT RESULTS
TIIKKEPROM. be similarly linble as
nn instigator. IF THERE 18 NO SUCH
RESULT, the punishment shall be :
fino not exceeding ONE YEAR. In no
caso. however, shall the punishment
exceed that laid down for the net
itself.

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