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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, October 30, 1920, Image 5

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078683/1920-10-30/ed-1/seq-5/

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8ATURDAV. OCT. 30-th 1920
wrote back from Russia made the thousands of
hearts of his fellow-workers in America beat fast
er. It made them look at the palaces here in
America in a different way, and it made them
look upon the besotted American aristocracy as a
conquerable class. Then Reed came back to America
and here gave his mind and strength to organizing
workers in America for what the workers proved
could be done in Russia.
The propertied classes in America shook with
rage at John Reed. In every city is a committee
of business men called a Grand Jury, which has
the function of picking out all persons who en
danger the private ownership of the palaces and
and automobiles and country estates. Two of these
Qrand Juries one in New York and one in
Chicago picked out John Reed as a criminal,
indicted him and demanded that his voice be smo
thered in jail.
Reed eluded them and went back to Russia,
went like a workman so often goes, stowed away
in the coal-hole of a ship, for America would not
give a passport to its great writer now
So the great American died, and the wealthy
class is glad that he is dead. Like the Tzar
Nicholas they could not sanction Reed's art any
jH AiH Hbi
more, after he spoke for the workers; and lie
died under their indictment as a criminal.
It all goes to show that the artists are ours,
the artists belong to the workers, and to be artists
at all they must dream dream of things that
frighten Tzars and Grand Juries dream of
workmen in palaces. Art belongs to the Revolu
tion. John Reed belonged to the workers.
Some Strike Statistics
Industrial strikes and lockouts during the
calendar year 1919 numbered 3,374, and affected
no less than 4,112,507 persons, which is the larg
est number of individuals recorded, accorded to
the Bureau of Lalwr Statistics of the United
States Department of Labor.
Figures are given in the September "Labor
Review", the Bureau's monthly publication, for
the number of strikes and persons involved for the
six years from 1914 to 1919, showing there were
in 1914, 1,204 strikes, 1915, 1, 420; 1916. 3,789;
1917, 4,450; 1918, 3,337; 1919,-3,374.
In alxnit two-thirds of these strikes the
most complete statistics available the number
of strikers was reported as follows:
in 432 of the 1911 strikes, 296,720 were af
fected; in 873 strikes in 1915, 504,281 ; in 2,667 in
1916, 1,599,717; in 2,325 in 1917, 1,227,254; in
2,151 in 1918 1,239.989; in 2,493 in 1919, 4,112,
507. The report points out the many difficulties
in compiling strike statistics saying that complete
. information of every strike cannot be obtained,
nor is it possible to say that the information given
is absolutely correct, "especially since statements
of employers and employees are frequently great
ly at variance."
It is estimated that the average duration of
the strikes that have occurred in the past four
years was less than one month, and in three
fourths of them the strikers won all or a part of
what they struck for.
Clara Zetkin, the veteran German revolutionist
who ia one of the two communist party mem
bers of the Reichstag, has just arrived in Moscow.
In a speech of welcome by Kamenief she was hailed
as the successor of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa

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