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SATURDAY, NOV. 13, 1020.
arrange one for November 25th, arrange one later.
But get busy you live ones and start the ball roll
ing. But Don't defer your own particular donation
to your Paper Fund.
The Craft Strike Has Failed
By W. H. Adams.
Whatever may have been accomplished in
the past by way of bettering laboring condi
tions thru the craft strike, the time has come
when this means of warfare has proved a fail
ure. That is, in its fullest sense it has failed.
All the craft strike can hope to do is to shift a
burden from one set of laboring people to an
other. The capitalists against whom the strike
is aimed, remain untouched. If we aire willing
to admit that a gain has been made for labor
by improving the conditions of one set of
workmen at the expense of another then my
line of argument is wrong. However, I am not
willing to admit this. A true gain for labor
musit wrench something from capital and 'do it
in a way that capital cannot pass the effect
along and ultimately throw it again upon the
working people. Let us take a case in point and
see just how it works.
I live at a small station upon the Virginian
Eailway. There are twelve men working on this
section. Let us suppose the section men demand
a 25 increase in pay. The company refuses to
grant it. The men go out on strike. Now let us
suppose the men win the strike. The company
calls them back and grants the full demand.
This is the most favorable outcome possible for
labor. What happens? The men report for
work. The company will do one of two things,
either directly or indirectly. Either the force
of section men will be cut so the payroll will
remain the same or be smaller or rates will bo
increased to cover the added expense. You may
rest assured the company is not going to en
danger either dividends or the salaries of high
officials to give an increase to sbovolors of dirt.
Let us suppose the company cuts the force,
9 men go to work at the wages 12 were getting
before and under the stimulus of this increased
pay are spurred up to do the work of the 12.
The company is not touched by the outcome of
the strike. Nine mon gain, three lose. Working
men gain and working men lose. Now let us
6upppo.se all 12 men are returned to work and
rates are increased to cover the added expense.
Added freight rates means higher prices at the
local stores. Most section men spend about all
they earn at these stores. In the case we are
discussing these 12 section men with their in
creased pay can meet the advanced store prices.
But how about the other people who also trade
alt those stores and fail to benefit by the raise
in wages of the section men? They lose. Then
again the burden is only shifted from one set
of working people to another. The craft strike
has failed utterly. It has failed for this reason.
The only strike that can possibly win will be
one that can place the effect upon the capitalist
employer in a way he cannot shift it. During
the war some railroads paid exherbitant divi
dends on watered stock in spite of government
operation. Some coal companies paid dividends
running into the hundreds, 700 or more. Big
capital makes its open boast of great gains.
During this same period of gain for capital,
strikes wore more numerous than ever before.
Some few of these strikes won but ulti
mately for the laboring people they all lost.
Until working people come to realize that the
capitalist army is well united, splendidly organ
ized, thoroughly officered and strongly en
trenched and that the only hope of success
against this army is a force more united, better
organized and officered, failure is certain to be
their lot. The capitalist class understands this
fact very well. This is the reason they fight the
idea of the one big union so desperately.
"Laboring people of the world unite".
COMMUNISM and CHRISTIANISM
Analyzed and Contracted from the Viewpoint of
By Bishop WilUam Montgomery Brown. D. D.
The author, an Episcopalian ecclesiastic, has suqare
Iv renounced all theology and unreservedly accepted
the Marxian philosophy of economic determinism. In
ili is book, just out. he approaches tho subject from a
new angle and has produced a propaganda work that
will be of intense interest to all students of social
ism, especially to those who are still in closo touch
with church people. Paper, 184 pages, 25 conts,
THE BRADFORD BROWN EDUCATIONAL CO., INC.
HROWNELLA book SHOP, GALION, OHIO.