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THE TOILER SATURDAY, NOV. 20th, 1920. Organizing The Lett Wing In The Trade Unions. To help speed up the intellectual and struc- must be united inlto powerful divisions and arui- tural development of the trade union move- mies. The days of usefulness for pure and ment, to assist in hastening its natural evolu- simple craft unionism are gone forever; the era tion from a craft to an industrial basis, this of unionism upon an industrial basis is now at is the task set for itself by an organization hand. just lunched in Chicago, called the Trade Union "I gay advisedly that the period of pure and Educational League. Its national secretary is simple craft unionism is gono forever, And I Wm. Z. Foster, formerly secretary-treasurer of say it not because of the needs of the situation, the National Committee for Organizing Iron 0r because of the theorizing of intelectuals that and Steel Workers, the committee which con- the time is overripe for a broader type of union-V ducted the recent great organizing campaign iSm; but because of the thousand-times-more- and strike in the steel industry. important fact that virtually the whole trade When requested for a detailed statement of union movement, yielding to the irresistible the purposes of 'the new organization, Mr. Fost- force of circumstances, has now definitely aban- or said: "Unquestionably the supreme need of labor at this time is a greater solidarity among its fight ing forces. Faced by massed and aggressive or ganizations of employers, the only way the workers can avoid crushing defeat is by bring ing about a similar consolidation and mililtancy in their own ranks. The scattered companies and regiments of the trade union movement The Ions road of craft unionism. doned the historic craft union policy of each organization for itself. This is evident, not so much in theory as in practice. The trade unions as a whole, those that are affiliated with the A. F. of L. and those that are not, are gradually resolving themselves into a numiber. of indu strial unit9, one for each of the basic imlu in which organization of the workers exists. The Evolution Of The Trade Unions. '.'The unions, responding to economic pres sure, are coming to better understand their common relationship and their need of a com mon fighting front. Gradually they are develop ing single organizations as wide as their re spective industries. This they are accomplish ing by a whole series of get-together devices, such as' amalgamations, federations, depart ments, local and national councils, joinlt-agree-ments, joint organizing campaigns and strikes, extensions of jurisdictions to take into the unions the unskilled, women and negroes. Pure ly individual action of a single craft in those industries is practically a thing of the past. 'The significance of this evolution is at once manifest when it is noted that in the industrial divisions referred to there are about 100 large international unions, conltaining fully 90 of the entire membership of the trade unions, af filiated and unaffiliated. It menus that radical ly the whole labor movement is gradually and unceasingly changing from a craft to an in dustrial basis. More speed upon our part is vitally essential, however.