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SATURDAY, NOV. 27th, 1920.
THE TOILER PAGE 7 The Spread Of By Mary Senior There are one million persons out of work throughout the country today. Prices are being ripped, wages slashed, men thrown out of factories in thousands. And to pin ion and make fast the plight of the workers the most drastic country-wide "open shop" campaign in .history is being conducted. What this means for the workers is not mere ly a winter of unemployment with its attendant poverty, homelessness and breadlines, but the loss of standards toilsomely won during the war. What it means for the capitalists is this: Having wrung the utmost from their prolonged season of profiteering and wild speculation, having raised prices to the point where the purchaser has gone on strike, they have now reversed the crank of their machine and are .preparing for their next harvest by artificially cutting off the supply. With half the workers turned out of the factories, the remainder are terrorized into accepting reduced wages. That there is at this time a ciying need all over the world and especially in Central Europe for goods of every sort does not enter into their - calculations. Data piling up all over the country point the moral of the tale. In the east there are almost half a million textile workers out of a job. In New York alone 80,000 clothing workers are out, while in the silk center of Paterson, N. 3., only 10 per cent of the weavers' are at their looms, and that 10 per cent is receiving a slashed wage. Wage cuts have been accepted by cotton and woolen workers throughout New England. Take Cleveland: Almost 100,000 men, or one-third of Cleve land's laboring forces, laid off by big factories. About 60,000 of them without work today, when Cleveland's usual floating out-of-work pop ulation is normaly 10.000. All but twenty-five of Cleveland's largest in dustries shut down either part time or full time. The twenty-five in full operation are fulfilling government contracts largely. Thousands of men pouring in from Akron, the rubber tire city, where more than half of the employees of a year ago were let out. Unemployment Take Detroit: Here is a city -where 75,000 men have sud denly been thrown out of employment. Four fifths of the men normally employed in the lumber industry af the northwest find them selves out of employment now. Machinists of the comparatively unskilled type are being laid off ewerywhere; perhaps they are offered their jobs again in a week at a wage 25 per cent less. The unemployment condition is not the in dividual situation of isolated localities. The spa$ m has spread from coast to coast. For men thrown out of work in one town to move to another in the next state is for the time being, utterly use less. The executive Committee of the Swedish Communist Party has adopted, by a vote of 13 to 2, a resolution favoring the acceptance of the condition for affiliation with the Third Interna tional laid down in Moscow last Sommer, with certain reservations regarding the international press control, says a dispatch from Stockholm. jj NICOLAI LENIN i His Life and Work :: By G. Zinovieff. !! ! ! "Every institution is' the lengthened ! ', ! ! shadow of a man", wrote Emerson. We don't ! ! ! ! exactly agree with him. But we do know that ! ! ! the character of Lenin has helped to shape ' ' ! ' the course of the Revolution in Russia and ' ! the World : that his personality has colored " ' ' at every turn the greatest event in history ' the establishment of the first Communist ' Republic. ;; ; ; You ought to know the sort of man he ; ; ; ; is. j ;; ' 25c a copy. jj Buy one for yourself and three to sell j j ; ; for $1.00. J j j j Adress THE TOILER ; ; 3907 Clark, Ave. Cleveland, Ohio. j j