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SATURDAY, DECip, 1920.
THE TOILER PAGE I tion weeks" ; 10) wide education- (ield of protection of labor with special courses in almost every and "labor pro! al work in the organization of province. The carrying out of these laws depends always and everywhere on the organs which are estab lished for theiij execution. The execution of the labour protection laws is undertaken by the labor inspection whiuh is purely an organ elected by the workers. Tjiere are 600 inspectiors in Russia at present. Of these 69 are workingmen, 30 are lower of finals and only 1 of liberal profes sions. 87 of pern have received elementary and home-educatici, 12 secondary education and 3 higher education. 75 are communists, 2 non-party men and 3 of various other par ties. It is quite natural that, being composed of such elements, the labor inspection secures the most careful and thoroughly proletarian contitl of labor protection as far as it is possible under the present conditions. As an aid to the inspection of labov assistants are being created from among younger workers and from among persons witfe special knowledge sanitary inspectors, physi cians (there are 108 of these at present) aad technical engineers (there are 171 of them m Russia at present: factory-engineers 114, min ing engineers 50 railway engineers 74). Gompers and the Ten Hour Day. By Tom Mathews. Do the members of the American Federation of Labor realize that there is a genuine conspiracy under way, prganized and financed by the exploit ing class, to wreck what semblance of organiza tion the workers have, and establish the ten-hour day? Pick up any journal of the capitalists, such as "System" (for December, and you will find the praises of j the ten-hour day being sung as they have nevei- been before. On the evening of December 2nd, 1400 plutes and near-plutes met at the Auditorium in Omaha and enthusiastically applauded the statement of speakers jthat "only ten hours of hard work each day can jsave the country from its present situa tion." HOW will a ten-hour day affect the workers? With an estimate of 40,000,000 industrial work ers, one out of every five could be dispensed with. That means that 8,000,000 workers would be job less. Since 2,000,000 have already allowed them selves to be thrown out of industry by the plutes there would be an unemployed army of at least 10,000,000. Then where would the great "collect ive bargaining" of Gompers be? What would be come of the Union shops of the American Feder-' at ion of Lai or? The archaic craft organizations cannot meet this attack. While the robbing class is opening the campaign by laying off workers by the thou sands, Gompers tells us that "our demands most be conservative if we are to win anything from a conservative Congress." While thousands of work ers are threatened by starvation, Gompers tdta us that we must be satisfied and beg only for small crumbs. Never before has there been such a favorable time for the organization of the Left Wing move ment in the trade unions. Unity of the Left Wfrtf movement is essential, but that unity should be on the l.ght principles. The educational work of the Left Wing should emphasize the fact that the purpose of industrial unionism is the abolition of the capitalist system and the erection in its place of the Worker's Republic. The progress of the Left Wing can be readir measured by its willingness to repudiate the yellow trade union international of . Amsterdam and to become an integral part of the Inter national Trade Union Congress of Moscow. When the entire labor union movement has become im bued with that understanding, the plutes wiB forget their ten-hour day dreams in their efforts to save their power. May the Left Wing hasten it!