Newspaper Page Text
CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29th 1921.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
IN 7775 ISSUE
The Communist Party of Russia
. H. N. Brailsford.
Proley and Tariat
The Children's New Year's Party
Mary Heaton Vorse. . .
Charity Third Article
Jane B. Lee
Mr. Gompers and Mexican Reds
Linn A. E. Gale.
Gompers and Mexican Reds
fed in his
By LINN A
Mexico City. Tf Samuel Gompers hail
any doubts about the distance of Bol
shevism in Mexico, those dark's, were
dispelled during the conventf f .the
Pan-American federation of" . .ibor in
Bolshevism has l-"
face and dinned i
side. T!ie assembly
JVeparatory School in
were held, was fairly
Communist literature. Cop'les of "El Co
munista de Mexico," "El Boletiu Co
mnnisia," a manifesto to the Mexican
workers and countless circulars calling
on the delegates to repudiate Gompers
and reaction, were scattered about ami
distributed to the delegates.
Leaflets signed by "The Council oi
Workers. Soldiers and Peasants of .the
Mexican Region." and by "The Soviet
of the City of 'Mexico," have made
their appearance in vast numbers. A
translation of one of them, entitled,
"The Day of Vengeance," follows:
"The manipulators of the working
class can continue with their deceptions
and their treacheries.
"Conscienceless workers can forget
tbeir duty and their own interests-,. inR ' 1 sh" or,1or tl"m excluded."
i... ..avc.'i .t -r& r.
"The day of vengeance is coming.
"To the battle, comrades. To the
" Without blood if it is possible. With
blood if they compel us to use arms.
"Down with capitalism.
"Down with moderate Socialism,
"Laborism, " "friendship' between
the serf and his owner.
"Lonn- live the Soviets. Lonj; live
Bolshevism. Long live the Dictatorship
of the Proletariat. Long live the Thir.
The Soviet cf the City of Mexico."
Several times in the convention "the
tremendous applause given by Commun
ists to radical remarks of delegates,
angered Gompers. lie was particularly
peeved when they gave an ovation to
Delegate T. E. Kunhardt of Santo Do
mingo in the course of his denunciation
of American tyranny in his country.
"I saiil at the beginning of this Con
vention," shouted Gompers, "and 1
say again that visitors are welcome to
listen to proceedings but they have no
business taking part in any way.. They
have no right to try to influence de
legates and if they pe-sist in attempt.
II 9 I 'h I J . 1 . I 1 1 1 fi&nmB&l MKrtWMHMlggy : .All II
IliiillfellBM ill il
Spy" Scream the Bureaucratic
Reactionary Union Officials Find Plenty of mud to Sliit", When
Cleaner Weapons Fail.
Are you a little Bureaucrat in your
Knion? And is there a lot of talk among
the members about the Shop Delegate
: and Shop Committee system of rouducl-
kttg the struggle against the employers?
; If yon are, and if there is, we wish to
direct you to the nearest mud puddle,
you're going to need it and badly too,
I You are going to need a lot of mud
to throw at the live ones in your union
for it is the only argument you have
to combat their arguments with. Your
own mismanagement of union affairs,
your inability to conduct a successful
strike against the boss is" an argnmght
against you that yon cannot hurdle. So,
it's the mud puddle for you. If yon
can't be reasonable and logical, yu -;.i
at least sling filth. In fact, why
SHOULD a real, genuine, LABOR
LLAUKR stoop to argueing'Ntbout the
merits of a union matter when there's ,i
mud puddle within reach?
The leaflet follows:
Fellow Workers of the Amalgamated:
The present is a very critical i.riol
for the workers or America. On all id.s
they must mo" the tierce attacks of
a united masts" !... Against these at
tacks the workers present no united
front because thev are kept divided iy
the bureaucracy of tb American Labor
Especially is ire present a very eritieV
nl p-riod for the workers of the . loth.
present condition with their eyes shut.
"And moreover. . . .
"The Pan-American Labor Congress,
composed of representatives (?) of
millions of slaves of the capitalist sys
tem in all parts of America, can sell
eat these slaves.
"The delegates who ought to issue
a revolutionary call to all America, can
dmg themselves with the sugary sop
orifics of Samuel Gompers.
"The day of vengeance is coming.
"Don't forget it, comrade.
"Bolshevism is coming to Mexico. Tt
will come anvwav. Tt would be more
ing industry, who .-ire orgnalsfej in tho
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
Thousands of workers are guing a
ronnd idle. Factories are closed or work
ing part time. Starvation and cold stare
the rl.tithing worke rs in the face.
The bosses are taking advantage of
the situation. They are determined to
force the workers back into slavery.
Ti' bosses in N'ew York have started
the tight. The Boston and Baltimore
boss, followed. Thousands of workers
in those cities arc locked out, and arc
now in a life and death struggle to
prevent the bassos from forcing upon
them tlu old sweat shop conditions.
At such a moment unity, solidarity in
the tasks' of til; clothina wtn'ers is aa
only proves to yonr niemb'is absolute necessity. Ai such a moment
Capitalist Press Editor ltnbibing Inspiration
for Editorial Against Bolshevism
Mexico City. Felipe Carrillo. Red
Congressman from the state of Yucatan
and one of the two leaders of the So
cialist, Group in the Mexican Chamber
of Deputies, spoiled Samuel Gompers'
good time at the banquet January 15
given by Secretary of State Plutarco
Ellas Oallos to the Pan-American Feder
ation of Labor delegates at San Angel
Inn, nenr this city.
Near the close of the banquet yells
for a speech from Carrfilo became in
cessant. Once the band began to play
and drowned them out for a time. Then
Gompers took a hand nnd called the
attention of the delegates to the fact
prudent for the rulers and the so-called that they would be late to the afternoon
leaders to keep their bands ott ana lei session on account; or tne dinner ami
By Seymour Deming.
IProley and Tariat
feared them in their "t hearts.
To conceit! their fear may govern
their apes harshly, . giving them on
w estaonsn ine nicuiiorsuip ux tus iv
"The deceivers can do what they
want to. But they will fail terribly if
they betray their brothers again in-tbia
"Trie members of the unions affiliat
ed with the Pan-American Labor Con
Btcss want to affiliate wilb the Third
International ami want an open and
fearless struggle in favor of Commun
irm. "If tho delegates do not henr these
demands of the workers
"The delegates will fall. They will
fall with Gompers as all similar scoun
drels have fallen, as the czar fell, per
haps. . . .
"Take care, moderate Socialist, "Li
beral," "comrado" who is comrade in
words but enemy in acts. Take caro.
Tour end is near.
might better adjourn until Monday. A
motion to this effect was carried but
immediately the calls for Carrillo were
renewed and on suggestion of Luis X.
Morones, head of the Mexican Federa
tion of Labor, Carrillo was given the
The speech of the Yucatan Socialist
was short nnd fiery like all bis dis
courses! He wasted no time in Compli
ments nor did he take the trouble to
call Gompers "Senor" (Mister).
"Already the words of Gompers and
Comrade Morones and the others who
have spoken here are being sent around
the world by the news agencies,"
thundered Carrillo. "But what I am
Interested in is the Social Revolution.
That is where we are going and what
we must prepare for. We arc going to
hnvo it peacefully if wo can. If we
(Continued on page 4).
William King and John Ploot were
neighbors. William owned all the mead
ow and wood he could see from the
turrets of his gray stone castle east
ward to the hiils where the sun rose.
John owned all the fields and streams
which he saw when he stood on the
terrace of his white marble manor
house and looked westward to the pine
crested ridge where the sun sank in a
glory of golden clouds.
But neither was contented. Each
wished to own both west and east. It
grieved William to look westward and
see John's acres. It grieved John to
look eastward and see William's land.
Neither Mr. King nor Mr. Ploot
worked. All the labor of both houses
was done by two powerful hairy apes
which had been owned by these fnmi.
lies since long before the thickest trees
in their parks were slender saplings,
The name of Mr. King's ape was Pro
ley. Mr. Ploot called bis ape Tariat.
Old as these apes where, so old that no
body could remember when they wero
not full grown, yet they always seemed
young and strong. Each had the
strength of a dozes men. But they were
hideous to look at their backs bent
with heavy toil, their hairy sides, their
low brows, their eyes, small and gim
lety. Every one feared them except
their masters, and even their masters poisonous fumes under their nostrils, or
the coarsest food, keeping them worn
out with hard labour, anil making them
sleep on straw in the sta de. If the apes
disobeyed they were I'll ggod till they
howled with painand tlieir backs wero
covered with bloody welts.
Those two apes were both clever and
stupid. They were clever with their
hands but stupid with their wits. They.
were so much stronger than their mast
ers that they could have freed them
selves anytime had they only known
how to use their heads. But their mast
ers took good care that they should not
learn. Every morning they stood their
apes up and made them repeat a lingo
of nonsense, with this at the chorus.
'invc no brain: I cannot think;
J (lo not wish to learn.
0 master use thy wits for me.
That I my bread may earn.
After which Mr. King and Mr. Ploot
would gravely recite:
Remember what yen owe to me.
1 found you living in a t ree.
Without nif brain to guide your
You'd starve with plenty in the land.
This nonsense was repeated again and
again until the apes believed it. And, f
they began to doubt. Mr. King and Mr.
Ploot drugged their minds by burning
bewildered fltem by waving colored
cloths before their eyes and making
strange gestures, and especially they
kept the npes Tlrugged with lienors
when they were not working.
Yet the two masters took great pains
to train tlieir apes in certain matters.
The training of the two was, however,
Mr. King was careful to keep Proley
well enough fed so that he could do as
much work as possible. Hut he spent
more time teaching him to use a heavy
club than in teaching him to do useful
work about the place. He was a harsh,
strict, master and never let Proley do
as he pleased.
.Mr. Ploot was no less careful to keep
Tariat well fed, yet ho spent more time
teaching him to work than to fight and
the club Tariat parried wai not so Urge
as Proley 'i. But Mr. Ploot was a more
indulgent master, often giving Tariat a
whole day to do as he pleased. He even
talked of letting Tariat go free tone
Both musters used their apes to rob
and terrorize their neighbors, who.
though they too owned apes, were not
able to defend themselves because their
anes were so much smaller.
This also Mr. King and Mr. Ploot
hail different ways of doing.
Mr. King yave his neighbors no
warning and excuses. When he nw a
i Ci niiuucd on page 4).
That Poor Louse
of course every one and everything
within the radius of your dirty means
will be covered with your filth, as near
as is in your power. But that doesn't
mean much for you. Tne agitation for
the Shop Committee and the Shop Dele
gate System will continue! And your mud
how badly they arc needed. The demand
will grow. You cannot bury it in a
mud puddle, nor kill it by calling names
and telling lies. The old form of union
bureaucracy is doomed. It is a luxury the
workers can no longer afford. Besides
you are useless. And yon will have :o
go mud puddle or no mud puddle. Tin;
rank and tile are onto you.
The following letter and leaftet show
the direction of the wind in labor union
ism. Chicago. Jan. 15 1021.
EDITOR OF THE TOILER.
it might be ot interest to you to
know, in connection with the cnclosod
leafier, that lie -Toiler was errand
into the esse. Not content with slander
ing the revolutionary workers the Amal
gamatcd Officialdom of Chicago chars;
ed that The Toiler is an organ of th
Department of Justice, that it is printed
in the Federal Building, and that stool-
pigeons and provocateurs write for it.
All these accusations merely show
that The Toiler has been effective :n
its work of propaganda. It lias nee led
in impressing upon the minds of the
more intelligent workers the idea that
ouly a -union which is controlled by
shop delegates and shop committees can
represent the true interests of the work
ers. Tin' offiocials of the Amalgamated,
or for that matter, the officials of any
other union, do not like to see such
Ideas penetrate into the heads of the
workers. It represents a great danger
to them. They might have to go to work
and that is not very much to their
liking. That is why theyhate The Toiler
and try to discredit it. bill The Toiler
will g" on with its good work and
neither shuiders nor threats will help
the union bureaucracy.
We regret the necessity of attacking
the officials of the Amalgamated :'f
Chicago at tlils time. The great struggle
which the clothing workers of New
York iiml Bo-ton are waging demands
the greatest solidarity. No fights e:n
I' tolerated in the union at the present
nut when these officials descend to such
dirty tactics they must be answered.
Yours for Solidarity:
anyone that creates disunity, disrupting
the organization, is a traitor to the
workers of the Amalgamated.
At such a moment what : vo the
Amalgamated officials of ''Vngo
ftoiugf They are going around cad
ing The most slanderous lies against
the most conscious, the most active anil
most revolutionary workers ot the or
When at men a moment a Ugh of
ficial of the union can act un at n
meeting and sav that those workers
who advocate the cause of the Third
International are spies and provoc-i-ten's,
then that official intentionally
Creates suspicion, lack of enfidoneo,
disunity within the rank and file and
betrays the cause of the stri! ing work-
The officialdom accused one revolu
tiouary worker in part icula i-. That
worker was a. live in his local. He at
tacked the machine at every opportun
ity. He was elected as a delegate to the
Joint Board. There too he fought tho
machine, lie became dangerous to tho
Before the election of officers of
Local .!:1 they spread rumors and in
sinuations. After tin- election they wero
forced t'i come out in the open. The of
lieials through their representative ac
cused him of being one of the spies
COKRADES, w HERE IS THL'llt
Pot -ix weeks they have been pro
mising proofs". "Next week, next
We ." they say. Where is it? Let them
bring it forward. It is easy to slander,
to spread rumors, bul let them produce
They tried to sing him at union
meetings. Tboy have kicked him out
of the union headquarters. They havo
v ..i.e.) him and threatened to kill
him if he comes to the headquarters.
They have done all these things and
to cover up their dastardly deeds, they
raise the cry of "Spy and Provoca
teur." WHERE is THEIR PROOF I
The force of tire capitalist stnto
persCT'iite the revolutionary workers,
and these officials who call themselves
"labor leaders" are very willing to
help the capitalist government persecute
the elasseonseioui workers.
(Continued on page 4).
f1 ! ut! you
WHS!P"W WB I CANT WORK H s
1 1 i
ARE YOU A BOLSHEVIK ?
WHY 0ONT YOU GO BACK IF YOU
DON'T LIKE IT-ETC .
Who Gets Pinched Thrown In Jail Refused The Riht lb Work fenced To Join The Arm THEHJnsistsWeAreFnee