Newspaper Page Text
FEBRUARY 19th, 1921.
CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDAY,
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
IN THIS ISSUE
Confession of a Legion Post Commander
By M. H. R.
Production For Profit
By J. C.
A Book Review
By CHARLES ASHLEIGH.
Here and There in the Labor Struggle
By AL. MEATHERS.
Program of the American Arm of the Com
Production For Profit
Under our present Capitalist System the city worker was paying at the
,. .l,.t;mi mi.1 distribution is) market most dearly for these com mod-
carrie'l on on a prom uwmb, in.-.-,.,
nudities', and those only are produced
which promise to' the owners of produc
tion profits. The same is true with our
system of distribution.
It is under such a system that the
people are skinned and profiteers are
made. The process by which this is
accomplished is a most interesting
study. We haven't time to go into all
the complexities of the system, but on
ly desire to point out. some of its
wastes and inconsistencies. For produc
tion for profit is only profitable for
Some weeks ago the writer made a
journey into the San Joaquin Valley.
This is one of t.hc most fertile regions
in California, not to bay in the world.
Yet hundreds 3 -rodueers, one is told,
jj year. And primarily because production
is carried on for profit.
The ranches have produced hundreds
of acres of cotton. Yet we found
ranchers discing it under instead of
picking it, because there was no mar
ket. Notwithstanding the fact that
half of the world is in need of cotton
products, and cotton cloth is selling
around 75 cents a yard.
The sheep grower, one found, must
leave the wool on the sheeps' backs or
stacked in his barn. And while there is
no market for this product, one finds
it all but impossible to get first grade
woolen material. At the same time a
writer in the Pacific. Rural Tress points
out that the old clothes sent for Belgium
relief, but never used, arc being ship
ped back by the big woolen mill in
terests by the tons. This material is
being ground up and made into shoddy
cloth and blankets which are being sold
on the market on rin "all wool" basis
at enormous profits. "
The animal hides of the stock ranch
er are practically unsaleable. While all
kinds of shoes and other leather prod
ucts are selling at outragerous prices.
One found melons rotting in the
fields or had been disced under by the
grower because he could not make any
profit out of them. At the same time
In other sections, tomatoes, onions,
etc., were wasting in the field, while
the buyer was paying dearly for raw
tomatoes and exorbitant prices for
Way back in the Middle West the
process is the same. So is it also on the
Atlantic Coast, and even worse in the
Southern States. In the Kansas section
we are told that many farmers are
putting their corn in the coal Inn, in
stead of the crib, because it is selling
so cheaply that they fin it more profit
able to burn it than to sell it anil buy
In the lust issue of the Western
Worker you doiitlesssaw statement
of Judge Gary, P3fl 5 aTrust
lie states in coltejP 8.S fWrica
. the upi-U ' . .:.t:H,-I . ,
Yet in spite of that we have millions
of mejO, women and children who will
go hungry, cold and thinly clad this
winter. While a worse fate will come
to the peoples of Europe.
Moreover, while the raw materials
and commodities of the producers
waste, the great factories and mills are
closing down, and millions of workers
are being thrown out of employment.
Thus does the Capitalist System
production for profit prove unprofit
able to all, except the profiteers, w-ho
ire being produced by the thousand.
Itoth the worker and the rancher suf
fer. While millions of industrial work
ers are facing the "bread line" in our
land of plenty, because of unemploy
ment, we find that the vast majority
of the farmers are making a bare ex
istence or becoming bankrupt. The fol
lowing is an item sent in by a reader
and is illustrative of that fact:
The United States Department of
Agrieulture has been investigating
farm operations in three States,
Ohio, Indiana and Wisconsin, for the
purpose of determining what income
farmers are obtaining. Represent a
fives of the department visited cer
tain farms year after year, taking
records Governing the farm business,
the living expenses, the value of the
By Going After Them
You can get many subscriptions for
There are hundreds, yes, thousands of workers who will
become subscribers if they are asked to.
YOU DO THE ASKING
And get a good book
Send us $5.00 worth of subscriptions and we will send you
either of these books as a premium:
Russia in 1919 $160
Raymond Robins Own Story $2.00
Debs, His Life and Writings $150
Manor the State $M
The Proletarian Revolution in Russia. Lenin and Trotz-
ky compiled by Fraina . . $100
Take your choice
but take it while the taking is good. They will not last alwAys.
Send us $5.0D for sub cards or send in the subscriptions
with the nomey and name your look. It will be sent by re
THE TOILER ,
3207 Clark Avenue Cleveland, Ohio.
Confessions of a Legion
By M. H. R.
"We are tenaciously determined to to intimidate and subdue workers
st.amn ant the r.-irlicils of thin ronntrv: I &Tt class conscious).
to deport all aliens who are suceptibb
to radical propaganda; to punish all
native 'reds' find promote the opjn
shop, which is the American Shop."
THE POOR BOOB DOESN'T EVEN KNOW IT!
family living obtained from the
farm, cost of investment, etc., and
from these figures carefully com
piled they obtained the farmers' Del
income, the amout, he actually re
ceives for his laboj.
In Washington County. Ohio, the
twenty-five farmers visited for the
seven years, 191248, had an average
farm income yearly of $610. This
covered 4.f per cent interest on their
investment, and $276 labor income.
In addition they had house rent,
fuel, and some of their food, the last
three items estimated to average
If we add the $276 cash return for
their labor, and the $359 value of
food, fuel and shelter furnished 'by
the farm, we find that the farmer
received $635 per year, or a little
less than $53 per month for labor.
Jftthout doubt his wife and children
worked to help him, and the $53
covered the labor of all'hnnds.
One hundred farmers in Clinton
County, Indiana, on better land t ban
those visited in Ohio, had an aver
age cash labor income for the seven
years they were under Investigation
of $55S, the return on their capital
was 5.7 per cent, and food, fuel and
house rent was estimated at AIL1.".
That is to say, they received, each
of them, on an average, year,
nr 82, a month for the labor of the
family. They did well.
The sixty Wisconsin farmers visit
ed for five years, 1913 is, averaged
40fl labor income, and 1.7 poj cent
return on their investment.
Only four farmers out of the 185
visited made over$500 labor income
every year. Averaging labor income
ami loss over the whole time, 15 per
cent of the farmers failed to make
any labor income at all. Ten per cent
failed to make even 5 per cent in
terest on Investment in any yenr of
By Al. Meathers.
e in the Labor Struggle
That a white guard band is organised
and backed by the financial plutes for
the avowed purpose of smashing work
er's organizations is glaringly apparent,
This white guard band is the Ameri
can Legion, which claims to represent
three million ex-service men. who
fought in the world war to make tin
world safe for democracy, for world
The American Legion 's aim was pre
sented to me in utter frankness by :i
Tost Commander of a large middle west
city; the Commander being a Lieuten
ant overseas and evidently a product
of bourgeoisie culture.
In entering a restaurant in that city
a short time ago to get a bite, a well
dressed young mail seated himself across
the table when I was feasting.
A conversation Started.
In his first remarks he introduced
himself as Post Commander of the Local
Unit of the American Legion and told
me in length of his official responsibil
ities. I grasped the situation and realized
that I had a good opportunity to get
some information about the American
Legion and to present it to the readers
of The Toiler.
During our preliminary conversation
I professed ignoranee of the events
transpiring throughout the Country, and
devoted myself chiefly to asking num
erous questions of my new acquaint
To all my questions he replied in a
very ostentations manner. Having a
good command of English he explained
and emphisised all matters which he
. .iiiwuihi'- were shjdxiw urd Jiffi-ult !:
me to comprehend.
ONLY FOR THE SAKE OF EF
FICIENCY. An economist recently proposed that
the twelve hour shifts in the steel in
dustry shoul be abolished. There was no
statement of the right of workmen
to shorten the day, bo that they might
LIVE. Workers have not that right
under the present system in America
they must work as much as their
bosses require, unless, through orgnnizar
tion, they can force a reduction of
No, the basis of the argument was
something quid' different. There is a
surplus of labor. The division of work
into three shifts of eight hours each,
instead of two, shifts of twelve hours
each, would mean an additional expense
of only 3 per cent. So, probably, Mr.
Gary will consider it, particularly, since
it has been proven scientifically that
Amen can turn out far more work in
eight hours than in twelve.
When the workers employed by the
steel trust' demanded a reduction of
hours, they were called Bolshevik and
threatened with every kind of mis
handling. When they said that, in Eu
rope, the hours have long been lowered
to eight, they could get out.
Hut when an economist states that it
will mean an outlay of only 3 per cent
ami the efficiency will be far higher
well, that is a quite different matter.
Now. perhaps, in tin- name of "humani
ty," it will be found to be a good
business proposition to lower the hours.
The Legions First Principles.
When epiestioned what the chief ob
ject of the American Legion is, he re
plied unhesitatingly, that "the aim of
the American Legion is first anil fore
most Americanism. The individual ob
ligation to the Community and nation
(to scab); to foster and perpetuate one
hundred per cent Americanism."
He continued. "The American Legion
is absolutely non partisan and dees not
dissemenate partisan principals," (only tion.
When asked what were the pre
activities of his organization he asaaoV
ed, ' First to protect the coiarirj
against disloyal elements, the
Bolshevists. Communists and
chists." He continued, "We are teaa,
ciously determined to stamp out Urn
radicals of this country; to deport tM
aliens who are susceptible to rari.vaj
propaganda; to punish aU native reds'
and promote the open shop, which ir
the American Shop."
Three Million Scabs.
He clenched his fist, pouuded on tit
talde and cried, "We have the haciiaj
of three millions of ex-service men. !
event of a strike on the tailroads. r
any other basic industry, our liCgioo in
so assidiousely and thouroughly rg
iz.ed that we could uioliilize 250,000 mem
within a period of twenty four honre
In case a general strike threatens w
could mobilize every ex-service ma
and thus defeat the strike."
I inquired about the financial stand
Ing of the organization. "Well," he re
plied, "We have a large membership
that is paying dues, and we accept in
dividual contributions, various business
organizations and patriotic societies
contribute to our organization."
1 also interrogated my new acquaint
Bnee as to what clement of the arww
OUStitUte the bulk of the preseaci
membership on the official roster.
Hesitatingly, he replied, "A lot A
service men dropped out mostly pnv
ates, and particularly foreigners." "Oa
course," he added, "the officials of tie
American Legion were always reluctant
to admit soldiers of foreign origin, a
tributing that during the steel auif
railroad strike the foreign ex-serviae
men joined the unions, and are mam
BUseptible to radicalism than native'
thus admiting that the bulk of the.
present membership is chiefly offii
of nil descriptions .
The I'ost Commander praised tits
Polish and Greek Veterans for
stalwart and unflinching patriotiswt,
(yes, their reactionary and primitisr
nationalism). At our departure be expressed him
self according to bourgeoisie ettiqTtrtOw;
how glad he was to meet and t aa
form me of his organization's prioajp
als. He invited me to participate in Tar
(lull social affairs and promised to far
nish me with their official litcraiwa
and proceedings of their last ron-ewa-
Furthermore, under this new system
production for use no cotton, wool or
leather is allowed to go to Avasto so
long as any man, woman or child is in
need of clothing or footwear. Likewise
there is no waste of rrrit or vegetables
of all other commodities.
Thus you get the idea. Under Com
munism production is for use, while
distribution will bo carried on free. At
the same time, both are to be administ
cred according to the best modern scien
A this became possible in Soviel
Russia because the producers of .Ul
wealth have united, and after overthrow
ing the old Capitalist System of So
ciety, have established the Dictator
ship of the Proletariat, They are now
aide to work out their new system
THE BED CBOSS.
The Red Cross just had a drive for
new membership and nenewals of old
memberships. Its posters were up al all
Stroet corners-, every billboard contain
ed one. The appeal was strong to help
this so-called humanitarian society, for
the work that it is said to be doing.
One thinks of Xurse Cavell and the
innumerable women who endangered
their lives anil health to , lesson the
suffering of the boys who were d nig
ged away to the war. One thinks of tin
few pleasures that they are supposed
to have arranged for the boys behind
or grain as long as any one is hungry
or in need of foo l. The same is true Mho lines. One thinks of the help that
Department specialists point out Communism. Under it all become work
nt while the turn over for'reeent , ers, and all enjoy the fruits of their
people say they brought to suffering
homes where death and disease ruled.
One thinks of the children that they
have comforted and provided with food.
And one also thinks of the shameful
plots that were devised at the head
quarters in Petrograd to betray the
Russian revolution. One thinks of the
observers who were sent to Russia, in
coguito, to obtain secret information.
One thinks of the embezzlement of
funds; of the supplies that never reach
ed Qieir destination, and most of all,
one thinks of the refusal of the Red
Cross to aid the suffering workers of
Russia anil the fighting revolutionists
of Ireland. One thinks of the difference
years has lieon larger than for ear- toil. Under this now system each will
tier years, the returns have been contribute according to his ability an 1 1 that is made between the worth,v,and
littln Inriter if iiieiiHiiil hv tiieir ! e anacltv and receive in return accord- unworthy BECAUSE OF ORDERS
w - I 9 I - Tff. .1.
purchasing power rather then in ing to his needs. '
terms of dollars nnd cents! When this now system - production
It Is not enough, howtver, that we for use-has been thoroughly establish
should merely point out the evils of the ' ed, there will be no more poverty and
Capitalist System a system of produe-J no more profiteers. Tjjoro will be no
tion for profit we must go fprther and more waste or want. Hut peace and
suggest a way nut. plenty will for once become the nor-
In Soviet Russia a new system of ma! condition of society. This, I say, s
society is being perfected. It is called
Communism. Under this system Produc
tion is for Use instead of for Profit.
Profiteering is not tolerated. It is made
a enpilnl offense for any 'one to be
found attempting to profiteer on the
the tiling that Is happening in Russia,
and it is going to happen the whole wide
world over. How sopn it will take pine
will, of course, dopend on the Educa
tion, Organization tad Emancipation of
tho Workers of the World'
J. O. in Western Worker.
Its activity, however, is siffli that one'
must think the matter over many times
before giving the department a vote of
Its latest deed is a repetition of those
acts which have called for the resigna
tion of Mr. Palmer. But Palmer is too
valuable he must remain, in order to
discredltthe whole system.
Thus, aguiu, the authorities seem in
a conspiracy to railroad two fighting
workers to jail. Sacco and Vanzetti tire
two Italians of Dedham, Mass. and arc
charged with the murder of a special
officer and paymaster. This is but the
teehnieal charge, the purpOM Of which
is to remove them as quickly as pos
sible because of certain knowledge that
they hive regarding the ease of Sal
sedo. Snlsedo is the Italian who, ac
cording to practically confirmed ver
sions of the happening, was pitched nut
of fourteen-story building in New
York, where he had been detained .by
the Department of .lustier for more
than two monolhs. Sacco and Vaarl
had been friends of Salsedo and naeM
not stop in thir efforts to have him r
leased. They organized a mass pro
meet iny against his ik-tentiun.
meeting was never held. The two mtm
were arrested and charged with a rapii
The purpose la elMUrt These nten kM
to much. They have considerable "as
side" information regarding a ease
that aroused general public indignalN
nnd which the Department of JnxUac
would Ldadlv drive out of men
I tn t instead of forgetting the Sa
ease, the American working elaaa as
having it brought before them ia a
more intense form by those who asm
trying to fix a dastardly crime on taa
nun who dared in stand up for Ssl
SSCCO and Vanzetti will not go to
court undefended. The acts of govrsra
ineiit and particularly of the Depart
merit of .lustier have aroused the
(Continued on page 4.)
PROW THE STATE DEPARTMENT.
Ilences. one is Inclined to believe
thai, instead of being a humanitarian
institution, the Red Cross is n depart
ment of the government in disguised
form and, as it would seem, of the
It is flOOd that the truth should be
CONSPIRACY AGAINST TWO IT Al.
The Department of Justice nrv r
srems to tire. Thus far, it is an excel
lent department of government work.
A Shelf of Book Bargains
Price for Propagandists
NICOLA1 LENIN, ills LIFE and work. Blnovioif.
COMMUNISM ND CHRISTIAN ISM, BUkop Wm f.' Brown.
2"e. d for $1.00.
COMMUNISM AND Til K FAMILY, Kollontay.
10e. 12 for $1 00
ODD ORDKR IN KUROPK, NEW ORDER IN RUSSIA, Price.
10c. 20 for 1.00
INDUSTRIAL ACTOCRAt Y. Ma'V Mnrcy.
10c. 20 for fl.OO.
SLANDUR OK I'HK TOILKRS, Kirkpatrick.
5c 40 for 1.1K).
lake up a dollnr order from one. two or more of these splendid
titles nhil send it in today.
These are spfcinlly priced for individual propagandists. We wish to
aid every comrade who is intrrcMnl in distributing our propaganda
by making prices just as low as powihle.
' Order of The Toiler.
c- rrr rrrrrm