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CLEVELAND, 0., SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1921.
PAGE 3. THE TOILER . Ml -M M i! ' funl ' 1 1 " 1 11 11 " THE TOILER ONE YEAR $2.00 SIX MONTHS I I SI. 00 I FOREIGN 1 year, $2.50 Address all mail and make all checks payable to THE TOILER . ' 3207 CLARK AVENUE, CLEVELAND, OHIO. Entered as Second Class Matter, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, Ohio, under the Act of March 3, 1879. BUNDLE ORDER PRICES Bundlo orders in any quantity 3c. per copy. Bills upon bundle orders of 100 or more rendered monthly. Bills must be paid upon presentation. , Order a bundle of Toilers weekly and sell them to your shopmates, Published weekly by the TOILER PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION TELEPHONE: LINCOLN 3639. EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE TOILER sketch of mmm from 111 ign UTOPIAN TO SB By M. H. ROGERS. THE UNEMPLOYED. The situation of the unemployed has taken a distinct turn within the past two or three weeks. The great imweildly mass is beginning to assert itself. Two plainly discernable changes in its morale "and economic position are vrsable.In the first place the economic status of the unemployed has grown greatly worse? Hundreds of thousands are now utterly penniless, dependent upon other means than themselves for keeping alive. The unions and other organizations are organizing for the purpose of aiding them. mis IS me first noticeable effect of continual unemployment. The man beings into misery and degreda- second is, that the unemployed are beginning to bestir themselves ' tion bv a handful of small capitalists Frederick Engels in his epoch mak ing hook, Socialism, Utopian and Scientific, wrote "Like every new theory, modern Socialism had at first to connect itself with the intellectual stock-in trade at its hartd however deeply its roots lay in the materia! economic facts." Hence, the above statement served as a true measure in all countries of those "humanitarians and middle class intellectuals imbued with the eighteenth century philosophy, that reason is the sole measure of every thing. So quote Engels, "It was the time as Hegel says, the world stooi upon its head." These humanitarians and philosophers sought to mitigato the horrors resulting from exploita tion of one class by another, and the condemnation of millions of hu on heir own account as a part of society with a distinct status and certain rights to life and the benefits of civilization. Soup kitchens are springing up wholesale. Industry remains at a deadlock. The hope held out for an early opening of industrial operations is no loniger tenable. Wages are being cut at an un precedented rate. The cost of living for those who have yet means to live by remain at still extremely high levels. The open shop campaign is working beautifully for the bosses. Strikes are' out of the question, or rather is the hope of winning any'out of the question. Plainly labor is up against a condition it has not faced since 1892. F In this situation, which is only in the beginning, to all appear ances; it is a healthy sign to note the Increasing organized ac tivity of the unemployed. That they should organize at all with real prdgrames of action is a good sign of a new consciousness among the workers. Labor is beginning to feel that use and not profit should be the sole purpose of industry. An abundance of raw materials and idle machinery, with wartt, hunger and un employment, are irreconcilable to thoughtful workers and work- ers are more prone to thought along these lines than previously, due to the force of their circumstances. Unemployment meetings are being organized in all industrial " cities and are " well attended. "Councils of Action" are befog organized to find remedies for unemployment. Unions'are regist ering their unemployed members under the spur of active, alive unionists with a consciousness of their duty in this crisis. The purpose being to erect a national organization capable of carrying on indutry under the control of the workers, without waiting upon the pleasure of the bosses to open the factories when the dictates of a profitable market induce them to do so. These activities are proof that the workers are responding to the urge of necessity; They refuse-fo be victimized by a profit system which treats them worse than slaves to be used when needed and thrown out to starve when no longer profitable to the bosses. The assistance of every employed worker should be given to these unemployed activities. Tomorrow YOU may join the army of the needy. Both the workers and the workless must unite. against the common enemy. They must make one front against the bosses. They must assert their right to work, to live and to rule. Industry must be controlled by the workers not by the shirkers. ' ' The conscious organization of the unemployed and all work ers against the bosses and the profit system must be carried on. AH hands to the job! I 0 NOONEY LOSES. and landlords. THE EARLY UTOPIAS. Then oame the three great Utopian; Saint Simon, Fourier and Robert Owen. One thing is common to all three, not one of them "Appears a3 Thus, the (i a nucleus of ?n this covmtr man Socialist laid socialist movement based upon the teaching ot Matx and Engels. In International head by Marx and En- dbntemporarics, was w York from Lon- a representative of the interest ofune anarchists 1872 the First quarters, founde gels and their transfered to don. Men of all ciieds and ideas, law yers, teachers, I doctors, preachers, journalists, mei of all profession flocked anoNraimed around the mod ern socialist movement, which at the time was quite a novelty to them Scattering sdutions existed thru out the count for a few years. There was foripied a Social Demo cratic Workingnkans Party at a eon- Philadelphia in 1874, a convention in New jersey ine naitiiL', socialist Labor party was adopted, which is .still tme branch of the agitation of John pllow anarchists pro duced a crisis li 1883 in the conven tion of Baltimore, resulting in the socialists to not con- any way with vention held in and in 18V7 at preserved by movement. The! Most and his fj decision of the nect themselvi the proletariat, which historic de velopment, had in he mean time produced," says Engels. These utopian ideas of emancipat ing not a particular class but tha whole of suffering humanity trans- j twe dominated the party. The Jler- In 1897 the Social Democratic Party was founded, being supercede 1 thred years later by the Socialist Party. Mean-while, political reform ers" and opportunists of the worst Tom ! xoney has lost another chance of liberty. His jailers are victors in the recent attempt to set him free. Freedom for Mooiiey and Billings now seems as remote as ever. The Grand Jury which was expected to review his case and to consider the evidence which his former perjurers had to submit has ceased its investigations and refused to hear the testimony of the State'.? former chief witness, John Mac Donald. MacDonald made a confession of perjured testimony given by him alt the time of Mooney's trial This he swore to in an affidavit ; , and went to San Francisco to tell-the truth to the Grand Jury if Jiat triAv wmillrl errant, him immiiniitv from riYwviitirvn Tbo f!mml Jury refused the immunity and his testimony was not taken. The frame-up conspirators and enemies of Mooney have been excessively busy during the late investigation. All the biati!' forces behind this monster iniquity have gathered together, to prevent justice being done. They have openly boasted that the investigation would come to nothing. They are now jubilant I h i i their efforts to keep JWooney behind the bars have succect I. However, while the present victory is theirs, they are greall.v weakened by MacOonaW's confession. In spite of the fact thai the Grand Jury 'refused to hear MacDonald he must now be ac cepted ns an unreliable witness at the first trial, and, next t the infamous' Oxman for whom no ono ha? the lightest con fidence, he was the outstanding witness against Mooney. District Attorney Thomes Brady, states that the Mooney case will not be reopened in court at this t'mn nor in 'he futmv on the strength of the Grand Jury investigation. This mav close th incident in so far as any court proceedings at thid time are con cerned, but it must have an opposite effect upon the workers in whpse hands the liberty o Mooney and Billings rests. The Mooney issue must be injected into every labor controversy until he is free. Nc letup in the agitatjon must be allowed, labor muBt not1 coase nor lessen its efforts to protect itself by opening the jail, doors lor Alooucy and timings. planted thruout the civilized coun tries touched our continenHis well. At that period Northern America was still essentially an agricultural country; free land was possible for all; in a word it was in the pioneer stage of development. Industrial development east of the Mississippi was very nascent, hand tools were still the only means by -which wealth was produced. In the early nineteenth century Communistic experimentation by various fraternal and religious org anizations was formed. The Shak ers, the Harmonist and the 'Oneid a communities are good examples. Man f high intellectual calaber and stronc religious convictions; men like. Bris baine, Eamcrson and John Thoma Codman and others worked with pas sionate zeal and ardour for the cause. Robert Owen, at that time th' most popular man in Europe sought to emancipate humanity tihru hi.; communistic organizations in Europe and America and for which he sacri ficed all his fortune. The German Communism of Weit ling was of the same school. As En gels points out, "to all these, So cialism appeared as the expression of nbsolute truth, reason and justice and hence had only to be discovers 1 to conquer the entire world by virtil1 of its own power." gers, the Hilquits, the Spargos and Hunters reigned supreme. Marxian teachings were completely abandoned. The Socialist Party be came essentially a middle class par ty, espousing petty reforms. In all countries, particularly in Germany the Social Democratic Par ty gained a strong foothold in the political arena.. Socialist polit'cal organizations were organized in all countries. Some were more revolu tionary, leek'.;!k- toward the htt, some were centrist, some ot tneso organizations disemenated a doctrine termed Christian Socialism. TIIE CLASS STRUGGLE DEVELOPS. Since steam driven machinery am' the making of mnchines by machinery transformed the older manufactur into modern industry, the productiv forces developed with unprecedented rapidity unheard of before. The con certtration of wealth in fewer lundc the formation of trusts and mono polies had a tremendous effect upon the various communities which wer formed by the Utopians, resulting i the disintegration nnd disappearance of these Communities. In the mean time the class struggh in all highly developed cnpitnhV countries assumed a different char acter. The cleavage of society into -lasses became more apparent; clasr intagonisnis became sharper. The proclamation of the Com munist Manifesto by Marx and En irels; the introduction of modern, scientific Socialiam based upon his toric facts, revolutionized the mind! of millions of people thruout Ui olyiltud world. The Paris Commune was the rcvo lutionary mass movement of the period; alt ho it did not attain its ib jective, nevertheless it was an his toric experiment of gigantic import ance. Marx called it "The Storming of Heaven." SOCIALIST DEVELOPMENT IN U. 8. The persecution and prosecution of Marx and his followers droe many ablo and energetic socialists to seek refuiro in the U. S. 8ee W. A. Hinds American Com munities and Cooperative rolonivs. (Kerr edition.) THE END OF THE SECOND IN TERNATIONAL. The Second International after tho death of Liebknecht and Bebel be came dominated by opportunists of the worst character and rendered little service to the movement up to its extinction at the outbreak of the Werld War in 1914. At the outbreak of the world war the leaders of all the Socialist Parties affiliating with the Second International the Scheidemans and Kautskys of Germany, the Hynd mans and McDonalds in Engknd, the Longue.s and Thomases of France and three years later when the U. S. participated in the world extermination to make the world safe for democracy, Spargo, Russel & Co. turned into social patriots of opportunism and social treason, joining the blackest forces of re action. The collapse of the Second International followed. In the early spring 1017 this coun try broke diplomatic relations with Germany and war was imminent with that country, an emergency conven tion of the Socialist Party was cal led at St. Louis. Mo. The Spargos and" Russels, like their Europenn Socinl patriots and chauvinists submitted a minority re port demanding that the S. P. should endorse the war and join with the militarists and capitalists to exter minate German Militarism. The ma jority report was sponsored by Hill quit, and Berger nnd others oppos ing thta country's participation in the world conflict, not from a revolu tionnry motive but from the motive of opportunism nnd political ex pediency. The then existing left wing in the S. P.'supported the St. Louis resolution. EFFECTS OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION. Simultaniously, the Russian Re volution broke out; Czarism, hoary with age had created under the heavy blows 'of this tormenting war, n tremendous diatructive power di rected against itself. In a few days Russia was, turtuxf into a democratic bourgeois republic. The Mensheviks, says Lenin, "mastered in a few dayr. all the tricks, : manners, arguments and sophistHoa of the European heroes of ths Second International." The Social-Rovolutionary Karens ky. succeeded the ephemeral reign of Millakoff. Thui, the policy and tactics pursued by Kerens ky were in. complete harmony with the Entente Militarists and Imperialists. The Social patriots and Chauvin ists hailed Kerensky as the emanci pator and democratizer of Russia. Even the pacifist and reactionary Socialists who subscribed to the St. Louis convention resolution looked upon Kerensky and his henchmen with profound veneration. The November (Bolshevik) Revo lution marked the succesfull struggle against the parliamentary bourgeois republic and the overthrow of the Kerensky regime. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat was established; the stubdorn resistance of the Czar ist elements and bourgeoisie was broken. The Soviets assumed power and like a conflagration spread all over Russia. And for the first time in history the teaching of Marx was carried into practice by the world's greatest strategist and statesman Nikolai Lenin. This, the world's greatest occurence revolutionized the minds of millions of workers. The Bolsheviks after seizing power found themselves sur rounded by Czarist conspiraters and assassins from within and" by menac ing a world capitalism and imperial ism from without. The Red Army was organized under the gallant leadership of Trotzky. The Denikins, the Kolchaks, the Wrangels vanished under the pressure Of the valliant fighters. The greatest obstacles were thus far overcome and the Soviets have so firmly entrenched themselves that no power on earth can destroy them. THE NEW INTERNATIONAL. The Kautskys, Hendersons, Spar gos and Russels loudly cry that the Soviets are undemocratic, that com munism in Russia is being superim posed upon the Russian people and that the Dictatorship of the Prolet ariat is incompatible where demo cratic institutions exist. These social patriots and traitor; cannot concieve that the Soviet Re public is better than any bourgeois republic with a constitution assembly In March 1919 the Third Inter national was founded in Moscow" at a time when the world imperialist and capitalist nations including America, were tenaciously determin ed to destroy the Soviet Republic. The Third International i Ubc vanguard of the militant proletariat throughout the world, under it1 splendid leadership it guides and teaches the proletariat what action and tactics to persue. It is against the Kautskys, Schei deman, Spargos, Thomases and al' the chauvinists on the one hand, and against the Yellow Amsterdam Trade Union International on the other, that the Third International has de clared a relentless wat. John Spargo who helped to make the world safe for democracy, com plains that the war shattered hi? socialist theories, yet this menta' pervert has the audacity to call himself a Marxian Socialist. In lecturing before an audience at Rabbi Silver's Temple in Cleveland Ohio a week ago, he availed himself of the opportunity to take a crack at Soviet Russia. He argued that hf would rather go hungry and shelter less under capitalism than live in Soviet Russia under communism and be compelled to take orders from the ConTmunist Party. Again he asserted, that communist and socialists who called themselve internationalists arc not internation alists at all; accused them of beine un-nntional or anti-national, nssumin? that in order to be an internationalist you must first and formost be a sincere and profound nationalist. That is the kind of trash this arch traitor is feeding the masses. However, I shall not waste energy and ink to quote the flagrant con tradictory statements made by Spar go. Suffice it to say that Socialism in its development from Utopian to Scientific had its shortcomings, its misreprcsentatives, its traitors. It is against the nefarious Spargo and his like that the class-conscious workers must bo on the alert. The future belongs to the workers.! Ex Vice-President Marshall states that but two roads are open, one leading to disarmament, the other to hell. He is evidently trying to flag the capitalist system on its hell-bent journey. A thankless Job at least. The Transportation Act provided for a Railroad Labor Board to adjust w age disputes between the railroads and employes. In the first real crisis between the men and bosses, the Board decided favorably to the workers, declaring that their wages could not be reduced. But they have been re duced just, the same. A general 25' ,, cut for unskilled labor is being put thru. When the roads needed an implement with which to fool the workers, they erected the R. L. B. Now that unemployment is the better weapon they can dispense with their R. L. B. The Democrats, France and England have invaded Germany and there has not yot been a scrap. Perhaps all exploiters look alike to the German workers. Anyway, they must know about how much blood can be squeezed from a turnip. One of the last acts of Wilson before retiring from the White House was to veto llw alien exclusion bill which provided against the admittance of more than 2', of aliens who where here in 1910. A delegation from Haiti has appeared at the White House with a peti tion for a redress of grievances. Since the Haitian government was deposed by the U. S. Marines in July 1915, the government has consisted of American bayonets, financial "advisers ", and American customs receivers. 2000 Haitians have been murdered by the 100 c; American invaders. Sounds something like ancient history doesn't it say of the period just preceeding the American Revolutionary War? "Strike insurance" is being furnished industrial plants by an insurance company in Baltimore. This company writeR insurance covering 37 trades in 25 states and claims it has prevented 15', of threatened strikes among its clientele. Twenty-four thousand marine workers operating out of New York have organized into one big marine workers' alliance. Its first objective is to prevent the proposed wage cut by the American Steamship Association set for May t. Three weeks before the Third Communist International was organ ized at MobcowT the Proletariat of Hungary under the leadership of the Communist Party seized power and formed a Soviet Republic. The Knt cnto capitalists and imperialists through the Rumanian assasins, pros trated the country in utter ruins, relegated nnd annihilated the Soviets. A government was formed subser vient to tne interest of the Allied Imperialists and Militarists. The French government and the workers are not united on the demands of the Germa'n indemnity. Proposed demonstrations of the workers in Paris against sending troops into Germany were prevented by the police. The United States Board of Mediation is taking a hand in the settlement af the Atlanta, Birmingham and Atlantic Railroad strike. The workers struck work and tied up all operations when a wage cut was made. The first result of the Supreme Court's declaration of the unconstitu tionality of the Lever Act is to stop legal actions ' against indicted food hoarders. It's a shame to allow such a shadow to rest upon the backs of our respectable profiteers. The wage cut fight of the bosses against the workers is moving head-on in Chicago. The Packers have announced their determination to abolish the 9 hour day in that industry. Building constructors have served formal notice upon the unions of heavy reductions in wage scales and strike thrents are being circulated widely. John Fitzpatrick, president of the Chicago Federation of Labor says of the present situation. "The American standard of living has not yet been reached by the working man, nnd now the profiteering employers seek to bring the standard back to the starva tion level." The strike of the Mexican railroad workers is reported to have been won. The strikers were loyally supported by allied trades and the revolu tionary movement. "Felts fired the first shin,' testified N. H. Atwood. at the trial of the Mnteunn. W. Va. miners rnsi. Frto whj n meinhpr n( lin Potto. Rnlrluin detective agency which drove miners from their homes and initiated the "Rattle at Matewan" last summer. The British government has lost in three consecutive bye-elections the past week, ench time to a laborite candidate. Mexican peons are at last receiving their allotments of land long promised them by the revolutions thru which they have passed in the last 8 years. Daily hundreds arrive in Mexico's capital to apply for allotments. Thousands of immense estates formcrely owned by adherents of Diaz are being cut up and distributed by the former serfs of the parasites. The U. S. "policy toward Phillipine independence will be determined largely by the report which General Wood brings bnrk from the investiga tion which he is making at the instance of President Harding. Maybe you can guess by that about w hen the Philippines will &ct their liberties. 03(iiiitiiiiiicaiiiiif iiiiiiC3iitistiiiiiicatiti:MTriitC3iiiiiMiiiriC3 mini rtc 3 1 u 1 1 -1 t i ri r m f : 1 1 1 1 rt irii i citi n i ttttnc? t m iti m 1 1 mil ititinti c lit r Communism and Christ ianism: Analysed and Contrasted from the Viewpoint of Darwinism, bv Bishop William Montiromerv Brown, D. D." Taper, pages 1S4, artistic cover, price 25 cents. Six copies mailed for $1.00. Comments bv eleven persons: One of the most startling nnd . revolutionary books ever issued. It comes like n meteor across a dark sky. Send twelve copies. It is the best book I ever read to open the eves and set the brain working. It held me tight. I call it a sermon. The text is astounding. Banish trods from skies nnd capitalists from earth.- Bishop Brown is the re incarnation of Thomas Paine nnd his book is the modem Aire of Reason. Every comrade buys one nnd comes back for more. It will do a wonderful work in this "teatest crisis in all history. I think it is one of the most important books of a Socialist nature isiued in a number of years. It. is full of murvelously itood material and will open many eyes. Sold twenty-five in a iiffv; seed thrco hundred for next meeting. The author, un Episcopalian ecclesiastic, ha renounced all theology and unreservedly accepted the Marxian philo sophy of economic determinism. In this book he approaches the sub ject of Socinlism from the new anitlo and has produced a pronairanda work that will be of intense interest to all. I can sell three thousand within sixty days. Write for terms to book sellers and to provasandistfl. Twentieth thousand now in press. THE TOILER 3207 CLARK AVE. CLEVELAND. OHIO iiniiiuuMiiinmiiiimwiiiHMiiiiiw I