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WW NO. 165. CLEVELAND, 0., SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1921. PRICE FIVE CENTS. R. R. BUCCANEERS ON THE DEFENSIVE t WALSH BATTLES ATTERBURY FOR RETENTION OF NATIONAL WORKING AGREEMENTS. The battle between W. W. Atter bury, vice president of the Pennsyl vania Railroad and Frank P. Walsh, counsel for the A. F. of L. Railroad Unions before the Railroad Board is still on and going strong. When the present period of liqui dation' of prosperity began the rail roads hastened to attempt to cut wages of the workers on all rail roads. Then they ran up against the snag interposed by the Railroad Board which stood pat on the na tional agreements entered into be tween the roads and the men during the war. Instead of each road being enabled to slash wages at is wished or could, they were held to the wage scales previously established under the Board's supervision. But what the roads could not accomplish in wage cuts, they have partly done in the extensive laying off of workers. One outstanding feature of the hearings before the Board concern i 1 o 1... , 1 . . . A Li I 1 "1 I" me o noui uuy. itrcruury wiiue uia claiming an opposition to an 8 hour day, makes the general statement ' -s that he is unalterably opposed to the whole scheme of national work ing agreements which are now in force. Attorney Walsh, by skillful questioning has borught out the evidence that all railroads in this country are in agreement upon all matters relating to their own parti cular interests, while they insist upon the abrogation of uniform agreements with the workers. They want each road to handle its own labor prob lems in its own way. One big union. I of railroad workers, or even a gen eral working agreement with them is altogether a too bitter pill for the dailty appetites of the .. transporta tion buccaneers. Jn the meantime there are signs appearing that the gorvernment will be soon asked to assume responsibili ty for the ra;lroads management while the profits of the owners are guaranteed. And also there arc signs that the railroad workers are waking up to the need of a closer affilia tion and more concerted action in their pw ninterests. If Atterbury and his backers succeed in their present plans they will learn that they have touched the match to the fuse that means the eventual blowing up of their power. And, something has to light that fuse why not Mr. Atterbury. Soviets mm jm n u.s.i READY TO ; ESTABLISH FRIENDLY RELATIONS. RENOUNCE PURPOSE TO FOMENT REVOLUTION HERE. m m khan t)i t c . ' I RATHER CARELESS WITH HIS MATCHES! GERMAN COMMUNISTS ANSWER BATTLE CALL Increasing Unrest Among Workers Strikes Blaze tQ Smouldering Revolutionary Fires. Armed revolts led by Communists have again broken out in many cities of Germany. The smouldering fires of revolution have spurted up into flames of armed attacks upon the government and the military power. Many cities have been captured by the rebellious workers who in all reports, are claimed to be in posses sion of great quantities of arms and ammunition. Scores of lives have been lost on each side which are using all meth ods of modern warfare. Govern ment and city buildings have been made the targets of the communist forces as well as the capture of shipyards, mines and other industrial plants. Fighting, in which small ar mies within the cities are engaged, still continues. The city workers have received support from the agricul tural districts in men and war materials. Conflicting reports are current as to the immediate cause of the re volts. One claim is made that the government has forced the revolt with the purpose of convincing the governments of the Entente that the retention of arms by the German government are necessary in greater quantities than the Peace Treaty al lows. Allegations are of course made that the revolts are financed by "Russian gold", ignoring the fact of utter misery of the Germann masses and the discontent with the traitor ous "socialist" government which has long rankeled in the workers' hearts and beneath whose Noske's iron heel the Spartacan revolution wa3 crushed and drowned in proletarian blood. The future will disclose if this is the REAL revolution in Germany for which all proletarian Europe awaits and hopes for. HTMK MSB M WORKERS. The resumption of trade relations with Soviet Russia have been put squarely up to this government. For the first time since the de portation of Ludwig Martens, Soviet representative here, the Soviet Gov ernment has sent ait official mes sage to this government offering to vend a trade commisiion here for IfWiUshing fi basis for trade, friendly relations between the two countries and eventual re cognition of the Soviet Government. With the signing of trade agree ments between the Soviets :.nd Eng land and the development of trade with Italy also, it is believed that this country cannot long lag behjnd action along similar lines if sha wishes to maintain a place in the lead in world commerce. The Soviet message comes direct from M. Kalinin, President of the All-Russian Executive Committee and is as follows: . "To the Congress of the United States and his excellency, President Harding. Washington. "Have the honor to transmit as instructed by my government fol lowing message signed Litzvinoff, plenipotentiary, representative of Russian republic to Esthonia. "March 20. "From the first day pf her exist ence, Soviet Russia had nourished the hope, of the possibility of a speedy establishment of friendly re lations with the great republic of North America and had firmly ex pected that intimate and solid tics would be created between the two republics to the greater advantnge of both. "At the time when the entente powers had begun theh invasion of soviet Russia, unprovoked and with out declaration of war, the soviet government repeatedly addressed it self to the American government with tho proposal to adopt measures for the cessation of bloodshed. Even when the American troops, together with tho others, participated in the attack upon soviot Russia, the gov ernment of the Russian republic stll expressed the hope of a speedy change of America's policy towards her and demonstrated this by its particularly considerate treatment of the Americans in Russia. But Presi dent Wilson, without cause and with out any declaration of war, had at tacked the Russian republic, showed during hi3 whole administration a growing hostility toward the Russian republic. "Soviet Rifssia hopes -that the American republic will not persist in obdurately following this path and that the new American government will clearly see the great advantage for the two republics of the estab lishment . of business relations and will consider tho interests of both peoples, which imperatively demand that the wall existing between them should be removed. The soviet repub lic, entirely absorbed in the work of internal reconstruction and of buildmg up its economic life, has not the intention of intervening in the internal affairs of America, and the ail-Russian central executive commit tee makes herewith a categorical declaration to this effect. "At the present time, after soviet Russia has concluded treaties and established regular relations with numerous states, tho absence of such relations with America seems to so viet Russia iparticularly abnormal and harmful to both peoples. The all Russian central executive com mittee makes to you the formal pro posal of opening trade relations be tween Russia and America, and for that purpose the relations between the two republics have to be on the whole regularized. "The all Russian central executive committee, therefore, proposes to send a special delegation to America which will negotiate upon this mat ter with the American government in order to solve the question of business relations and of resumption of trade between Russia and America. "President of the all Russian .exe cutive committee, M. Kalinin; secre tary,' P. Zalutsky." Latest reports give the informa tion that Secretary of State Hughes has dispatched a reply to the com munication from Russia stating as the opinion of the government of the United States that the basic condi tions for trade with the Soviet gov ernment do not exist and no trade relations' can bo established at this time. This reply, Instead of putting an end to the Soviet negotiations may induce them to set about to prove to this government that all the con ditions for successfull trading and commerce do exist. Plainly, the next move belongs to Soviet Russia. Doubtless it is prepared for it. Among the Class War Prisoners. The case of the twenty members of the Communist Labor Party at Chicago, accused of sedition under the state sedition law, will be heard before the State Supreme Court court was decided upon' after Judge Hebel had reairmed the briginali sentences which varied from one to five year sentences and fines of $1,000. Each of the accused have been admitted to his formen bail. Paris, March 17. When the prose cution was unable to prove its con tention that they had plotted to over throw the French Government in connection with the May day strike of last year, the court, before whom they had been on trial since Feb ruary 8, today on the 50th anni versary of the Paris Commune ac quitted the 10 Communist leaders charged with the plot. Prominent among the freed men are Pierre Monatte, Souvarine, Loriot and Gaston Monmousseau, all of whom have been severely grilled since their incarceration last May in the government's effort to estab lish a chain connecting the French Communists with an alleged Moscow intention to set up immediately a proletarian dictatorship in France a prelude to which, according to the French official contention, would be a series of strikes for the purpose j of paralyzing the country. The other defendants were Jacques Sigrand Henri Bott, Marius Hanot, Alexandre Hi 1 l jflllllillllilM ATTEND THE TOILER BALL AT PARKVIEW PALACE 110th ST. & FIFTH AVE., NIsW YORK CITY Saturday Evening, April 23, 1921 TICKETS 50 CENTS. Lebourg, En4?:Ciirau 1, manager of the newspaper: Soviet, and Louis Rabilloud, manage of the newspaper Communists. . . WiUiartMita?fter a trial lasting 46 daysthe 10 defendants arrested in connection with the death of Albert C. Felts, member of the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, last May, at Mattewan, have been found not guilty. They are being held, however on six other indictments charging them with having been im plicated in the death of six other private detectives. The announcement of the acquittal was received with enthusiasm by the ntiners and their womenfolk, who had congregated outside the Mingo County Circuit Ctfurt, where the trial was held. Everett, Wash. Pat Cantwell, con victed of criminal syndicalism in Superior Court here and sentenced to serve from 14 to 18 months in the state penitentiary and to pay a fine of ?500, will appeal the case to the Supreme Court. " Judge Ralph C. Bell, in sentencing Cantwell, said, in substance, that the defendant could npt be convicted on the preamble of the Industrial Work ers of the World, neither could he 1e convicted on the things found on him nor the things he did. He de clared it was thjj organization he belonged to that .was on trial and that he was convicted because he was debs mm TO WASHGT1 RELEASED FROM PRISON TO DISCUSS OWN CASE WITH DAUGHERTY. Released temporarily from Atlanta Prison, Eugene V. Debs, dressed in civilian clothes 'and without guard visited tho White House on March 24th. This was on the special 'invita tion and summons of Attorney Gen eral Harry M. Daugherty, who now occupies the seat among the mighty lately vacated by Mr. Palmer of oprobrious memory. The purpose of this unusual circumstances was to discuss the question of freedom for Debs. Mr. Daugherty explained that as Debs acted as his own attorney at his trail in Cleveland, three years ago, it was unnecessary to consult his attorneys as to the merits of the case. HARDING APPROVES VISIT. The invitation to Debs was ex tended, Mr. Daugherty explains, af ter he had consulted the President who approved. Debs arrived at the Department of Justice at 9:45 and was in consultation with the Attor ney General for two and one half hours. Just what were the particular matters which they discussed in the privacy of the Attorney General's office haB not been made public as yet. But that this discussion will decide one way or the other the matter of Debs' release is believed. Mr. Daugherty has made no state ment as to what course events will take. Mr .Debs left Washington , at 3:30 tha same afternoon unescorted for his prison cell at Atlantn. Mr. Daugherty may be given credit for an original act. When he was asked if there was any precedent for releasing a federal prisoner to allow him to come alone to the national capital, he answered, "If there wasn't, there is now." Debs was perfectly courteous thruout the interwiov, said Mr. Daugherty, and seemed quite well but slighty nervous. He was re quested to not give out any thing fo rpuhlicatien regarding tho inter view. Rumnra the! Debs will soon bo fret an prevalent- b the daily press! a delegate of the Industrial Work ers of the World. Minneapolis. A petition for am nesty for Eugene V. Debs, bearing 9000 names of citUns of Minnesota, has been assembled within seven days by Mrs. Grace Keller former neighbor of the jailed Socialist leader in Terre Haute, Ind. By the time the list is sent to President Harding it is expected it will be signed by 15,000 persons. Rockford, 111. On the motion of the attorney for the state, V.'illiam Johnson, to nolle prosse the indict ments against eight alleged Com munists made in the Circuit Court here, the last of the Communist cases here was wiped from the :ouvt slate. Those whose indictments were nol le prossed are Carl G. Lind, Alfred Nelson, Mrs. Alice Beale Parsons, Emil G. Peterson, William Roman sky, Joseph Raskevich, William Steintorf and Oscar Wehlstrom. Olympia, Wash. Conviction of Frank Hestings and Ella Matson here under the criminal syndicalism act was upheld by the Washington Su preme Court. Hestings claimed he had torn up his I. W. W. card be fore his arrest and therefore was not a member. Vienna! Bela Paulik, political com missar for the movie theaters in Hungary during the Bela Kun regi me in 1919, has been found guilty of "agitation" and sentenced to serve two years in jail, says a report just received from Budapest. The Horthy court acquitted Paulik of having caused riots and violations of per sonal liberty. Milwaukee. With the deportation of two alleged Milwaukee radicals, victims of the January, 1920, "red" raids, it is thought that Federal Judge Ferdinand Gieger will hand down a decision in the cases of at least 30 more in a few days. The two who woro deported are Rus sians and former members of the Communist party. Three more alleged radicals taken during the raids of 1920 in Racine also were deported. All are Russians and former members of the Com munist party. Washington, March 21. Convic tions of 40 I. W. W. who wore round ed up in northern California on charges of violating tho Espionage and the Selective Service acts were sustained by the Supreme Court to day when It declined to review the cases. The trial of these I. W. W. was held at Sacramento, CiL . London, March 16. A summons to its 3,000,000 members has been issued by the International Trans port Workers' Federation to meet at Geneva on April 18. Many subjects are listed for discussion in the reso lutions on the agenda. One, in the name of the executive, for instance, congratulates the work ers of those unions that prevented the transport of munitions to Poland and those intended for the blockada of Hungary and declares that "the most effective weapon against mili tarism and imperialism in every coun try is the organized strength of the trade union movement." Milwaukee. The minimum wage for women and children has been increased -from 2lTeetts an" hour to 27 and the working hours for the week set at 48 by the Wisconsin Industrial Commission. The manufacturers vigorously re sisted the proposed raise and even wanted no minimum. The commis sioners supported the labor repre sentatives in their claim that the cost of living was going up. San Francisco. Seventy five de legates, representing as many labor unions, at a meeting here endorsed the America Labor Alliance for Trade Relations with 'Russia, which was established here last February to foster the movement for trade with the eastern republic. Detroit. Fixture Hangers Union No. 154, Electrical Workers, have signed an agreement with ample em ploying contractors for a 44-hour week at $1.00 an hour. Vancouver. Electric railway and other public utility companies have refused to accept the award of a government conciliation board there by forcing unfon electrical workers in "Vancouver and Victoria to call a strike. Seattle, Wash. Approximately 2300 miners, half of them heads of families, are on strike in Western Washington coal mines as the result of the action of mine owners in ar bitrarily reducing wages about 24 per cent. All but two of the Western Wash ington commercial mines are idle. Owners of the Roslyn-Cas'iade and Bellingham mines, having refused to sign the operators' agreement to cut wages, are still working and are paying the Miners' scale. That the operators, in attempting to cut wages, are breaking faith with the government is claimed by the miners, who state that the report of the Coal Commission's hearing shows that W. M. Barnum, president of the Pacific Coal Company, in formed the commission the operators would abide by the decision. . e M il waukee. That' . industry and labor in mdWli-' Mid I than ir; many cities in the United States, was the assertion here of W. L. Vail, vice-president of the Trust Company of Mexico and member of the goodwill Committee of Mexico business mien, now on tour of the United States to re establish trade relations. Altoona, Pa. Efforts of the Penn sylvania Railroad to disrupt the shopmen's union in this city have failed, declared H. O. Kelly, editor of the Labor News. A Mutual Bene fit Association has been used by the company officials to alienate, workers from the unions, but so far with little success, as only the super visory forces, a few clerks and here and there a shopman have been in duced to join. The International Association of Machinists, which has for months been conducting a nationwide agita tion for the restoration of American trade with Russia, was greatly pleas ed upon receipt of the Soviet 1 rade of fer. Its officers declared that Amer ican and European labor had been virtually a unit in demanding that trade with Russia be resumed, and they felt that the United States could not afford to wait until Brit ish manufacurers had taken the cream of the Russian orders before clearing tho road to competition which would revive business in this country. NVE MILLIONS Are Asking "W7r ARE WE UNEMPLOYED?" The Toiler will answer that question in next week's indue which will be a special UNEMPLOYMENT ISSUE. 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