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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, April 02, 1921, Image 1

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NO. 165.
The battle between W. W. Atter
bury, vice president of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad and Frank P. Walsh,
counsel for the A. F. of L. Railroad
Unions before the Railroad Board is
still on and going strong.
When the present period of liqui
dation' of prosperity began the rail
roads hastened to attempt to cut
wages of the workers on all rail
roads. Then they ran up against the
snag interposed by the Railroad
Board which stood pat on the na
tional agreements entered into be
tween the roads and the men during
the war. Instead of each road being
enabled to slash wages at is wished
or could, they were held to the wage
scales previously established under
the Board's supervision. But what the
roads could not accomplish in wage
cuts, they have partly done in the
extensive laying off of workers.
One outstanding feature of the
hearings before the Board concern
i 1 o 1... , 1 . . . A Li I 1 "1 I"
me o noui uuy. itrcruury wiiue uia
claiming an opposition to an 8 hour
day, makes the general statement
' -s that he is unalterably opposed to
the whole scheme of national work
ing agreements which are now in
force. Attorney Walsh, by skillful
questioning has borught out the
evidence that all railroads in this
country are in agreement upon all
matters relating to their own parti
cular interests, while they insist upon
the abrogation of uniform agreements
with the workers. They want each
road to handle its own labor prob
lems in its own way. One big union. I
of railroad workers, or even a gen
eral working agreement with them
is altogether a too bitter pill for the
dailty appetites of the .. transporta
tion buccaneers.
Jn the meantime there are signs
appearing that the gorvernment will
be soon asked to assume responsibili
ty for the ra;lroads management
while the profits of the owners are
guaranteed. And also there arc signs
that the railroad workers are waking
up to the need of a closer affilia
tion and more concerted action in
their pw ninterests. If Atterbury and
his backers succeed in their
present plans they will learn that
they have touched the match to the
fuse that means the eventual blowing
up of their power. And, something
has to light that fuse why not Mr.
Soviets mm jm n u.s.i
m m khan t)i t c . '
Increasing Unrest Among Workers Strikes Blaze tQ
Smouldering Revolutionary Fires.
Armed revolts led by Communists
have again broken out in many cities
of Germany. The smouldering fires
of revolution have spurted up into
flames of armed attacks upon the
government and the military power.
Many cities have been captured by
the rebellious workers who in all
reports, are claimed to be in posses
sion of great quantities of arms and
Scores of lives have been lost on
each side which are using all meth
ods of modern warfare. Govern
ment and city buildings have been
made the targets of the communist
forces as well as the capture of
shipyards, mines and other industrial
plants. Fighting, in which small ar
mies within the cities are engaged,
still continues. The city workers have
received support from the agricul
tural districts in men and war
Conflicting reports are current as
to the immediate cause of the re
volts. One claim is made that the
government has forced the revolt
with the purpose of convincing the
governments of the Entente that the
retention of arms by the German
government are necessary in greater
quantities than the Peace Treaty al
lows. Allegations are of course made
that the revolts are financed by
"Russian gold", ignoring the fact of
utter misery of the Germann masses
and the discontent with the traitor
ous "socialist" government which has
long rankeled in the workers' hearts
and beneath whose Noske's iron heel
the Spartacan revolution wa3 crushed
and drowned in proletarian blood.
The future will disclose if this is
the REAL revolution in Germany for
which all proletarian Europe awaits
and hopes for.
The resumption of trade relations
with Soviet Russia have been put
squarely up to this government.
For the first time since the de
portation of Ludwig Martens, Soviet
representative here, the Soviet Gov
ernment has sent ait official mes
sage to this government offering to
vend a trade commisiion here for
IfWiUshing fi basis
for trade, friendly relations between
the two countries and eventual re
cognition of the Soviet Government.
With the signing of trade agree
ments between the Soviets :.nd Eng
land and the development of trade
with Italy also, it is believed that
this country cannot long lag behjnd
action along similar lines if sha
wishes to maintain a place in the
lead in world commerce.
The Soviet message comes direct
from M. Kalinin, President of the
All-Russian Executive Committee and
is as follows: .
"To the Congress of the United
States and his excellency, President
Harding. Washington.
"Have the honor to transmit as
instructed by my government fol
lowing message signed Litzvinoff,
plenipotentiary, representative of
Russian republic to Esthonia.
"March 20.
"From the first day pf her exist
ence, Soviet Russia had nourished
the hope, of the possibility of a
speedy establishment of friendly re
lations with the great republic of
North America and had firmly ex
pected that intimate and solid tics
would be created between the two
republics to the greater advantnge
of both.
"At the time when the entente
powers had begun theh invasion of
soviet Russia, unprovoked and with
out declaration of war, the soviet
government repeatedly addressed it
self to the American government
with tho proposal to adopt measures
for the cessation of bloodshed. Even
when the American troops, together
with tho others, participated in the
attack upon soviot Russia, the gov
ernment of the Russian republic stll
expressed the hope of a speedy
change of America's policy towards
her and demonstrated this by its
particularly considerate treatment of
the Americans in Russia. But Presi
dent Wilson, without cause and with
out any declaration of war, had at
tacked the Russian republic, showed
during hi3 whole administration a
growing hostility toward the Russian
"Soviet Rifssia hopes -that the
American republic will not persist
in obdurately following this path and
that the new American government
will clearly see the great advantage
for the two republics of the estab
lishment . of business relations and
will consider tho interests of both
peoples, which imperatively demand
that the wall existing between them
should be removed. The soviet repub
lic, entirely absorbed in the work
of internal reconstruction and of
buildmg up its economic life, has not
the intention of intervening in the
internal affairs of America, and the
ail-Russian central executive commit
tee makes herewith a categorical
declaration to this effect.
"At the present time, after soviet
Russia has concluded treaties and
established regular relations with
numerous states, tho absence of such
relations with America seems to so
viet Russia iparticularly abnormal
and harmful to both peoples. The
all Russian central executive com
mittee makes to you the formal pro
posal of opening trade relations be
tween Russia and America, and for
that purpose the relations between
the two republics have to be on the
whole regularized.
"The all Russian central executive
committee, therefore, proposes to
send a special delegation to America
which will negotiate upon this mat
ter with the American government
in order to solve the question of
business relations and of resumption
of trade between Russia and America.
"President of the all Russian .exe
cutive committee, M. Kalinin; secre
tary,' P. Zalutsky."
Latest reports give the informa
tion that Secretary of State Hughes
has dispatched a reply to the com
munication from Russia stating as
the opinion of the government of the
United States that the basic condi
tions for trade with the Soviet gov
ernment do not exist and no trade
relations' can bo established at this
time. This reply, Instead of putting
an end to the Soviet negotiations may
induce them to set about to prove
to this government that all the con
ditions for successfull trading and
commerce do exist. Plainly, the next
move belongs to Soviet Russia.
Doubtless it is prepared for it.
Among the Class War Prisoners.
The case of the twenty members
of the Communist Labor Party at
Chicago, accused of sedition under
the state sedition law, will be heard
before the State Supreme Court
court was decided upon' after Judge
Hebel had reairmed the briginali
sentences which varied from one to
five year sentences and fines of
$1,000. Each of the accused have
been admitted to his formen bail.
Paris, March 17. When the prose
cution was unable to prove its con
tention that they had plotted to over
throw the French Government in
connection with the May day strike
of last year, the court, before whom
they had been on trial since Feb
ruary 8, today on the 50th anni
versary of the Paris Commune ac
quitted the 10 Communist leaders
charged with the plot.
Prominent among the freed men
are Pierre Monatte, Souvarine, Loriot
and Gaston Monmousseau, all of
whom have been severely grilled
since their incarceration last May
in the government's effort to estab
lish a chain connecting the French
Communists with an alleged Moscow
intention to set up immediately a
proletarian dictatorship in France
a prelude to which, according to the
French official contention, would be
a series of strikes for the purpose
j of paralyzing the country. The other
defendants were Jacques Sigrand
Henri Bott, Marius Hanot, Alexandre
Saturday Evening, April 23, 1921
Lebourg, En4?:Ciirau 1, manager of
the newspaper: Soviet, and Louis
Rabilloud, manage of the newspaper
Communists. . .
WiUiartMita?fter a trial
lasting 46 daysthe 10 defendants
arrested in connection with the death
of Albert C. Felts, member of the
Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, last
May, at Mattewan, have been found
not guilty. They are being held,
however on six other indictments
charging them with having been im
plicated in the death of six other
private detectives.
The announcement of the acquittal
was received with enthusiasm by the
ntiners and their womenfolk, who
had congregated outside the Mingo
County Circuit Ctfurt, where the trial
was held.
Everett, Wash. Pat Cantwell, con
victed of criminal syndicalism in
Superior Court here and sentenced
to serve from 14 to 18 months in
the state penitentiary and to pay
a fine of ?500, will appeal the case
to the Supreme Court. "
Judge Ralph C. Bell, in sentencing
Cantwell, said, in substance, that the
defendant could npt be convicted on
the preamble of the Industrial Work
ers of the World, neither could he
1e convicted on the things found on
him nor the things he did. He de
clared it was thjj organization he
belonged to that .was on trial and
that he was convicted because he was
debs mm TO WASHGT1
Released temporarily from Atlanta
Prison, Eugene V. Debs, dressed in
civilian clothes 'and without guard
visited tho White House on March
24th. This was on the special 'invita
tion and summons of Attorney Gen
eral Harry M. Daugherty, who now
occupies the seat among the mighty
lately vacated by Mr. Palmer of
oprobrious memory. The purpose of
this unusual circumstances was to
discuss the question of freedom for
Mr. Daugherty explained that as
Debs acted as his own attorney at
his trail in Cleveland, three years
ago, it was unnecessary to consult
his attorneys as to the merits of
the case.
The invitation to Debs was ex
tended, Mr. Daugherty explains, af
ter he had consulted the President
who approved. Debs arrived at the
Department of Justice at 9:45 and
was in consultation with the Attor
ney General for two and one half
hours. Just what were the particular
matters which they discussed in the
privacy of the Attorney General's
office haB not been made public as
yet. But that this discussion will
decide one way or the other the
matter of Debs' release is believed.
Mr. Daugherty has made no state
ment as to what course events will
take. Mr .Debs left Washington , at
3:30 tha same afternoon unescorted
for his prison cell at Atlantn.
Mr. Daugherty may be given credit
for an original act. When he was
asked if there was any precedent
for releasing a federal prisoner to
allow him to come alone to the
national capital, he answered, "If
there wasn't, there is now."
Debs was perfectly courteous
thruout the interwiov, said Mr.
Daugherty, and seemed quite well
but slighty nervous. He was re
quested to not give out any thing
fo rpuhlicatien regarding tho inter
view. Rumnra the! Debs will soon bo
fret an prevalent- b the daily press!
a delegate of the Industrial Work
ers of the World.
Minneapolis. A petition for am
nesty for Eugene V. Debs, bearing
9000 names of citUns of Minnesota,
has been assembled within seven
days by Mrs. Grace Keller former
neighbor of the jailed Socialist leader
in Terre Haute, Ind. By the time
the list is sent to President Harding
it is expected it will be signed by
15,000 persons.
Rockford, 111. On the motion of
the attorney for the state, V.'illiam
Johnson, to nolle prosse the indict
ments against eight alleged Com
munists made in the Circuit Court
here, the last of the Communist
cases here was wiped from the
:ouvt slate.
Those whose indictments were nol
le prossed are Carl G. Lind, Alfred
Nelson, Mrs. Alice Beale Parsons,
Emil G. Peterson, William Roman
sky, Joseph Raskevich, William
Steintorf and Oscar Wehlstrom.
Olympia, Wash. Conviction of
Frank Hestings and Ella Matson here
under the criminal syndicalism act
was upheld by the Washington Su
preme Court. Hestings claimed he
had torn up his I. W. W. card be
fore his arrest and therefore was
not a member.
Vienna! Bela Paulik, political com
missar for the movie theaters in
Hungary during the Bela Kun regi
me in 1919, has been found guilty
of "agitation" and sentenced to serve
two years in jail, says a report just
received from Budapest. The Horthy
court acquitted Paulik of having
caused riots and violations of per
sonal liberty.
Milwaukee. With the deportation
of two alleged Milwaukee radicals,
victims of the January, 1920, "red"
raids, it is thought that Federal
Judge Ferdinand Gieger will hand
down a decision in the cases of at
least 30 more in a few days. The
two who woro deported are Rus
sians and former members of the
Communist party.
Three more alleged radicals taken
during the raids of 1920 in Racine
also were deported. All are Russians
and former members of the Com
munist party.
Washington, March 21. Convic
tions of 40 I. W. W. who wore round
ed up in northern California on
charges of violating tho Espionage
and the Selective Service acts were
sustained by the Supreme Court to
day when It declined to review the
The trial of these I. W. W. was
held at Sacramento, CiL .
London, March 16. A summons
to its 3,000,000 members has been
issued by the International Trans
port Workers' Federation to meet at
Geneva on April 18. Many subjects
are listed for discussion in the reso
lutions on the agenda.
One, in the name of the executive,
for instance, congratulates the work
ers of those unions that prevented
the transport of munitions to Poland
and those intended for the blockada
of Hungary and declares that "the
most effective weapon against mili
tarism and imperialism in every coun
try is the organized strength of the
trade union movement."
Milwaukee. The minimum wage
for women and children has been
increased -from 2lTeetts an" hour to
27 and the working hours for the
week set at 48 by the Wisconsin
Industrial Commission.
The manufacturers vigorously re
sisted the proposed raise and even
wanted no minimum. The commis
sioners supported the labor repre
sentatives in their claim that the cost
of living was going up.
San Francisco. Seventy five de
legates, representing as many labor
unions, at a meeting here endorsed
the America Labor Alliance for
Trade Relations with 'Russia, which
was established here last February
to foster the movement for trade
with the eastern republic.
Detroit. Fixture Hangers Union
No. 154, Electrical Workers, have
signed an agreement with ample em
ploying contractors for a 44-hour
week at $1.00 an hour.
Vancouver. Electric railway and
other public utility companies have
refused to accept the award of a
government conciliation board there
by forcing unfon electrical workers
in "Vancouver and Victoria to call a
Seattle, Wash. Approximately
2300 miners, half of them heads of
families, are on strike in Western
Washington coal mines as the result
of the action of mine owners in ar
bitrarily reducing wages about 24
per cent.
All but two of the Western Wash
ington commercial mines are idle.
Owners of the Roslyn-Cas'iade and
Bellingham mines, having refused to
sign the operators' agreement to cut
wages, are still working and are
paying the Miners' scale.
That the operators, in attempting
to cut wages, are breaking faith with
the government is claimed by the
miners, who state that the report
of the Coal Commission's hearing
shows that W. M. Barnum, president
of the Pacific Coal Company, in
formed the commission the operators
would abide by the decision.
. e
M il waukee. That' . industry and
labor in mdWli-' Mid I
than ir; many cities in the United
States, was the assertion here of
W. L. Vail, vice-president of the
Trust Company of Mexico and
member of the goodwill Committee
of Mexico business mien, now on
tour of the United States to re
establish trade relations.
Altoona, Pa. Efforts of the Penn
sylvania Railroad to disrupt the
shopmen's union in this city have
failed, declared H. O. Kelly, editor
of the Labor News. A Mutual Bene
fit Association has been used by
the company officials to alienate,
workers from the unions, but so far
with little success, as only the super
visory forces, a few clerks and here
and there a shopman have been in
duced to join.
The International Association of
Machinists, which has for months
been conducting a nationwide agita
tion for the restoration of American
trade with Russia, was greatly pleas
ed upon receipt of the Soviet 1 rade of
fer. Its officers declared that Amer
ican and European labor had been
virtually a unit in demanding that
trade with Russia be resumed, and
they felt that the United States
could not afford to wait until Brit
ish manufacurers had taken the
cream of the Russian orders before
clearing tho road to competition
which would revive business in this
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