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HE TO ILER CLEVELAND, 0., SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1921. THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2nd CONGRESS OF THE 3rd, COM- . 4th Installment. SPEECHES OF FOREIGN DELEGATES. After an intermission the representatives of foreign Socialist parties who are parti cipating in the Congress of the III Interna tional are given the floor. The first speaker is the representative of France, comrade Rosmer. SPEECH OF COMRADE ROSMER. Comrade Rosmer, in the name of French workmen and peasants, expresses thanks for the reception, which deeply touched all. "A happy thought came to yon when to-day you brought all delegates to Smolny, to make them see through what sufferings and heroism the Russian proletariat has passed, to attain the victory which we are to-day celebrating." He says that the words of Comrade Kali nin, that it is time for the international proletariat to show clearly its solidarity with the Russian proletariat, have fixed themselves firmly in the minds of all present. The French working class had, however, al ready realized that perhaps it had not shown sufficient energy in coming to the assistance of the Russian people, simply because con fused by the libelous propaganda, it did not know sufficiently well the latter's condi tion, and, was not as yet sufficiently strong to carry out its own will. "But now, having been here, the French delegates will be able to acquaint French workmen and peasants with what is going on in Russia. They intend and promise, to strive with increased energy, to the end that French workmen and peasants may understand that here people are fighting and dying for the common cause of the entire proletariat ; they promise to increase their efforts to the end that all French proletarians and workmen shall enter ac tively into the ranks of the great interna tional proletarian army. They promise to call attention to the great services of the proletariat of Red Petrograd, which has manifested particular heroism, self-sacrifice and steadfastness, taking, the lead among hero proletarians. He proposes the following resolution : MESSAGE OF CONGRESS TO THE WORKMEN OF PETROGRAD. (Petrograd Pravda. July 21, 1920.) ''Brothers, the 2nd World Congress of the Com munist International, in opening its session in Red PetrpKiyd, ygdgjtts warm greetings to you, Petro grad workmen mid workwomen! Red Army soldiers, sailors, and all toilers. We, the delegates of labor organizations of the whole world, considered it our duly to open the first sitting of the Congress in your PetroRrad, in order thus to pay the tribute of respect and affec tion to the proletariat of Red Petrojrrad which was the first to rise up against the bourgeoisie, and with heroic concentration of strength and will-power overturned the authority of capital in one of the most important forts of the bourgeois world. "The proletarians of all countries know how much you proletarians of Petrograd have suffered during the last three years, how you have famished, how many of your best sons have perished at thp front defending the great cause of Communism. The work men of the whole world love you, particularly be cause you did not hesitate for a minute at the time of the great crisis that threatened Petrograd and the entire Soviet Republic, but defended the bloodsoaked Red Flag wih the courage of lions, with tireless daring, and with the steadfastness of the Petrograd proletariat. "The Communist International says to you: The Petrograd Commune carries on in a worthy manner the cause of the Paris Commune, avoiding the weaknesses and mistakes of the latter and leading the proletarian battalions to ictory. "The Communist International is convinced that the workmen of Red Petrograd will continue to represent the best detachment of the world army of labor. "Long live the glorious Petrograd proletariat! ''Long live the Communist International!" SPEECH OF COMRADE SERRATI. In the name of the communistic, inter nationalist Italian Socialist Party, which is adhering to the Communist International, Comrade Serrati greets the brilliant Red Army, the defender of Soviet Russia, and the defender of the great ideals of the world proletariat. He says that when the world war broke out, in Italy the traitors of the working class wished to convince the latter that it WM necessary to go over to the side of the bourgeoisie; they spread the idea that once the proletariat gets hold of iron, once it gets hold of rifles, then it will be able to win its bread, and sejttfe its liberty. "But from the very first day. the Italian party cut loosefrom the Socialist-Traitors," says Comrade Serrati. 'They said it was not a question of hav ing iron and rifles in hand, and of fighting on the suit' '!' the bourgeoisie, but a ques tion of fighting on the side of thl working class against the bourgeois', with rifles or without, always and everywhere. . "And now the glorious Red Army has shown by experience that iron and rifles are a revolutionary weapon only when the working class as an army cun control this ' weapon; this means only for the conquest MUNIST INTERNATIONAL: Moscow 1920 FROM "THE SECOND CONGRESS OF THE; COMMU1 RUSSIAN DIVISION OF THE $T INTERNATIONAL," PUBLISHED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE. of the great ideals of the proletariat against the interests and intrigues of the bourgeoisie of the whole world. 'This brilliant army, which wins victory after victory, in the south against Wrangel, in the west against the Poles, this Red Army at the present moment is a unit. With it, directly or indirectly, are also the English workmen in Southhaven, the Italian sailors in Ancona, and the German sailors at Kiel, wherever the proletariat is preventing the sending of munitions to the Polish front. "May the day be near when the Red Pro letarian Army will consist not only of Rus sian proletarians but will consist of prole tarians of the whole world. That will be a great hour, when the proletarians of all countries and the brilliant Red Army sol diers will be able finally to free themselves from their dependence with respect to war military service- and will be able not only with cannon but by peaceful means to lead the whole world to a Soviet form of government and finally free the whole world from all that now represents oppression of the working class." Comrade Serrati pro poses the following greeting to the Red Ar my and to the Red Fleet of the whole Soviet Federated Socialist Republic in the name of all parties represented at the Communist International : MESSAGE OF CONGRESS TO THE RED ARMY. (Petrograd Pravda, July 21, 1921.) Brothers, the 2nd World Congress of the Com munist International sends hearty fraternal greet ings to the entire Red Army, to the entire Red Fleet, and to each Red division, from the smallest to tl.e largest. To you, Red Army soldiers and Red sailors, to all of you and to each of you, and particularly to the comrades at the front: The toilers of the entire wqrld with bated breath fondly follow your struggle against capitalists and landlords, Tsarist generals, and imperialists. The workmen of the whole world share your defeats and celebrate your victories. The toiling population of the whole world enthusiastically notes with what great effort you have striven to overcome Kolchak, Denikin, Yudenich, and Miller, breaking up the in trigues of French and English capitalists. The 2nd World Congress of the III International heartily greets you, and the Red Army which at the present moment fights on the western and south western fronts against the white Polish nobles, whom the bourgeoisie of the Entente has sent in order to suppress the Russian Soviet Republic of workmen and peasants. Brothers, Red Army Soldiers! Know that your war against the Polish nobles is the most just war that history has ever known. You are fighting not only for the interests of Soviet Russia but for the interests of all toiling humanity, for the Communist International. The toiling masses can not destroy the yoke of the rich, and wage slavery, except by war with arms in hand. . You were the first to turn your arms against the oppressors. You were the first to create a strong and powerful workmen's-peasants' Red Army. You were the first to point out the road to the oppressed und exploited of the whole world. Because of this the proletarians of all countries bless you. The Communist International knows that your victories over the enemies of workmen and peasants have been bought nt the price of in numerable sacrifices and deprivations. We know that you will not allow yourselves to be defeated. We know how many of the best sons of the Red Army have given their lives fcr our cause. Your heroism will never be forgotten in history. Know, comrades, that the Red Army ia now one of the principal forces of world history! Know that you arc no longer alone. The toilers of the whole world are on your side. The time is near when there will be created the International Red Army. Long live the great, invincible Red Army! Long live the army of the Communist International! ie situation tnat complete and de- world bourgeoisie. the shock troops of of 1905-6. But the able to take ad- SPEECH OF COMRADE STEINER. The representative of the Communist Party of Austria, Comrade Steiner, in a brilliant speech dwells on the international position of Soviet Russia, and calls on the workmen o! aff countries to render immediate assistance to the heroic country, which was the first to rise in rebellion against the power of capital. "Workmen of Austria, Germany, England, France, Italy, and other countries, who till now have supported a white-guardist ad venture on the territory of Russia and of its small neighbors , should immediately cease work in all organizations which are working for the support of the Russian, and therefore of the international, counter-revolution. Not a single shell should be per mitted to reach the camps of the whites, and not a single cannon should be molded for the whites; not a single coat should be sent to the soldiers of counter-revolutions." Speaking of the wishes of the proletariat of Hungary, after the international bour geoisie had overthrown the Soviet authority in that country and had organized a sys tematic white terror, Comrade Steiner did not see any way out of has been created, except finite destruction of th "The- criminal bourgeois gang in its de sire to wreak vengeancefa the proletariat and stifle forever the w )rfcmen's movement in Hungary, does not he sitate at any crime. For this band there d not exist either Mensheviks, Communist! i, or nonpartisans; all workmen, without ex jeption, are subject to the same persecutio i and to the same harassment. From the K)int of view of the present masters of Huiigary, whoever has callouses on his hands is "the most bitter enemy of the bourgeoisie." Comrade Steiner concludes his speech with the words: "Soviet Hungary is no more. Long live Soviet Hungary." SPEECH OF COMKABftJ MARKHLEVSKY. The floor is then givm to the represent ative of Polish Communists, Comrade Markh- levsky, who reports tlftft'the delegates from the Polish proletariaffyere already on the road, had already staptid for the Congress when news from Wwsaw forced them to return, because the hjK had struck for the direct conflict of theBfolish proletariat for its rights. (Stormy arMause.) Comrade iMa'khlevsfv then discusses the situation in Poland. iPolish revolutionary workmen were amon the Russian revolutif: Polish proletariat was vantage of the results. Of the work it did. During the war of 1014 Poland was sub jected to destruction, and the Polish prole tariat was ruined and weakened. Polish Communists opposed this destruction with all their strength, by uniting proletarian forces, and their efforts led to the beginning of the awakening of Polish peasants and workmen. "Now our Red Army is rapidly moving forward, and the proletarian revolution in Poland will go very rapidly. But you must remember that bourfc$frs Poland has as its neighbor bourgeois Roiamania, which would gladly render it assikance. It is the task of the Russian $moKSi1lTo "assist the Polish workmen and pes Bants in their strug gle against the bourg fcisie, and to bring the war to a concl'usio i as quickly as pos sible, by a complete destruction of the Polish nobles. Polish Co nmwnists swear that they will not retreat a j tep from their aims, and they beg for assistripe in this decisive struggle." In answer to th: appeal of Comrade Markhlevsky the Congress sends a 'message to the proletarians of all countries and par ticularly to the Polish proletariat, calling on them to fight for the liberation of Poland. "TO THE PROLETARIAN (MEN AND WOMEN) OF ALL COUNTRIES." (Petrograd Pravda, July 21, 1920.) The 2nd World Congress of the Communist Inter national convenes at a moment when White-Guard-ist Poland, the stronRho! 1 of the capitalist world reaction, is' falling before the powerful blows of the Red Army of Russian workmen and peasants. What all revolutionary workmen and workwomen of the whole world fervently desire has now been accomplished. Russian workmen and peasants have gone against the impudent Polish WhiU-Guards just as they rose to suppress the Ru- an counter-revolution and the troops of Kolchak, I cikin, and Yudenich. The Polish capitalists and landlords have rejected the, honorable peace proposalslof Sovnt Ku- : in t Ik hope of receiving assistance from world capital and in the belief that Soviet jiussia had exhausted all her strength in the struggle against counter-revolution. Thc-y throw their troops into Soviet Russia and are now on the eve of a qreat military defeat. . Their troops have fallen back from the Ukraine and White Russia, and the ttoops of Soviet Russia are pursuing them. The brigands of world capital, the Polish landlords and capitalists, now wail that Poland is in great danger. They are appealing to the governments of cap italist countries with requests for immediate as sistance, so that European culture should not be destroyed by the barbarians of the Russian revolu tion. And we see how the English Government, which armed the Poles for their criminal attack on Soviet Russia, which together with its allies refused to leave Poland when Soviet Russia proposed on April 3 to begin negotiations in London we see how that same capitalist England impudently threat ens a new general attack by all the allies in the case Soviet Russia does not conclude an armistice with the Poles, who have advanced into Russia. The directors of world capital, who are playing with the destinies of peoples as though they were cats, now come forward as the defenders of the in dependence of Poland. The French Government, which in 1917 was ready to abandon Poland to the Tsarist government of Russia if the latter would recognize the French pretensions with respect to the left bank of the Rhine, the English Govern ment which frequently during the war declared confidentially through its agents to the German Government that it would turn over Poland to the Central Powers if German Imperialism would evacuate Belgium, where it would be a danger to Englandall these traders in human flesh now shout that Soviet Russia threatens the independence of Poland and under this slogan are attempting to prepare the public opinion of the whole world for a new attack on Russian workmen and peasants. Workmen and workwomen of all countries! There is no need for us to explain to you that Soviet Russia does not entertain the slightest plan of conquest with respect to the Polish people, of Hoff man and Beseler. Soviet Russia was ready to con clude peace even with Polish capitalists, and in order to attain peace not only recognized the, inde-" pendence of Poland but ceded to Poland extensive border regions. Soviet Russia is closely bound to the Polish working masses by. decades of common struggle. For Soviet Russia self-determination of the Polish people is a sacred and inviolate right, and if not a single soldier defended Poland, thc Polish land would nevertheless remain the property of the Polish peaple, and the Polish people itself would determine freely its own fate. . But so long as there rules in Poland a band of capitalist adventurers and landlords who have dra-n the country into a criminal military adven ture; so long as the capitalists of the Entente supply Poland with arms, Soviet Russia is in a state of defensive war. Should Soviet Russia to-day give the Polish White-Guardists a respite anO allow them to reestablish their shattered troops and again arm them with the assistance of the Entente, to morrow Soviet Russia would be obliged once more to tear hundreds of thousands of her best sons from the plow and workmen's bench and send them to the front for a new defensive war. Workmen and workwomen! If the capitalist filth of the whole world cries out about the attack on the independence of Poland, in order to prepare a new attack against Russia, you should know the following and if! alone: Your employers tremble, fearine that one of the pillars of their rule, of their world system of reaction, exploitation and oppression is falling; they fear that if white guardist Poland falls before the blows of the Red Army, and the Polish workmen take over power into their own hands, that then it will be easier for the German, Austrian, Italian, and French work men to free themselves from their exploiters, and that the workmen of England and America also will follow them. If the capitalist filth wails that danger threatens the independence of Poland, it h because they fear that your slavery, your involuUiry servitude, workmen and workwomen, may be re placed by liberation from the chains of capitalist slavery. Therefore, it is the duty of the proletarians of all countries by every means to prevent the Governments of England, France, America, and Italy from rendering any aid whatsoever to the Polish White-Guards. Proletarians of the countries of the Entente! Your governments will continue to try to deceive you; they will insist, as heretofore, that they are not rendering support to Poland. Q is your duty to stand guard at all ports and all frontiers, and see to it that not a single train or ship with food supplies or arms should leave for Poland. Take up your positions as jruards! Do not allow yourselves tc be deceived by false indications as to the places from which transports are being sent; such transports, you know, can be sent to Poland by roundabout routes. And when govern ments and private capital do not give way to your protests, organize strikes, act by force, and under no conditions help the Polish landlords and cap italists to murder your Russian brothers. Proletarians of Germany! When white-guardist Poland falls then the capitalists of the countries of the Entente will be willing to conclude peace with German generals and with German capitalists; they will help the latter to equip large armies of hired troops, and these troops will suppress the German proletariat in order to convert Germany into a base of operations against Soviet Russia. The capitalists of the countries of the Entente will not hesitate to convert Germany into a heap of ruins, to become the advance post for the struggle against Soviet Russia and Soviet Poland. Germaa workmen and workwomen! The hour has come when you can accomplish what you promised thou sands of times during great manifestations, namely, to come over to the side of your Russian brothers, ar.d together with them fight for your freedom. Do not allow on German soil any attempts to render assistance to white-guardist Poland, and do not allow any new recruitment of hired soldiers. Watch carefully all the trains going eastward, and keep a strict watch over what takes place in Dan zig, doing everything that is required by the cir cumstances. Not a single freight car and not a single ship should go from Germany to Poland. Proletarians of all other countries! Remember that the enemy now is white-guardist Poland. The task of the present hour is to crush this enemy. Proletarians of all countries! Remember that you must not give in to the deceitful speeches of treacherous or hesitating leaders of the workmen and to false promises of government. Now you must act, and you must gather all forces in order to blockade Poland. You must concentrate all forces in order to show in fact the solidarity of the world proletariat with Soviet Russia. Workmen and workwomen! Your solidarity with Soviet Russia at the same time is solidarity with the Polish proletarians. The Polish proletariat, under the directon of the Coirimunist Party, is struggling steadfastly against the war with Soviet Russia. The Polish prisons are filled with our Polish brothers the Communists of Poland. The defeats of the Polish White-Guardists arouse the greatest enthusiasm in the hearts of Polish work men. A wave of strikes is rising in Poland. Polish workmen are striving to take advantage of the defeats of their exploiters, in order to deal the last blow to their .weakened class enemy and in order to unite with Russian workmen in a common strug gle for freedom. The blockade cf Poland will represent direct aid to the struggle for liberation of the Polish work- . men; it is the road that will free Poland from the chains imposed on it by the victorious capitalists of London and Paris, the road to an independent republic of Polish workmen and peasants. The 2nd World Congress of the Communist Inter national sends you this appeal; Come out onto the streets and show your governments that you will not allow any assistance to white-guardist Poland or any intervention against Soviet Russia. Stop all work and movement if you see that the capitalist clique of all countries,, despite your , protest is preparing anew attack" on "Soviet 'Riissia. Do not let a single train or boat pass through to Poland. Show that the solidarity of the proletariat exists in actual fact and not simply in words. Long live Soviet Russia! Long live the Red Army of Russian workmen and peasants! Down with white-guardist Poland! Down with intervention! Long live Soviet Poland! i SPEECH OF COMRADE LEVI. The leader of the German Spartacides, the Communist Comrade Levi, outlined the treachercus role played by the Socialist compromisers, the followers of Scheidemann, in suppressing the Communist movement and uprisings in Germany. The entire Con gress, and all delegates present at this sitting, once more paid their respects to the leaders of the Communist movement Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. "The Communist cause," says Comrade Levi, "since their tragic death grows and becomes stronger daily and hourly through out all Germany. At the present moment the country is making an inventory of its Conrmiunist forces, which have established deep root in the proletariat, Which latter is gradually freeing itself from the hypnosis of compromise parties. It is being pushed in this direction by the cruel actualities of present day Germany." t The speech of Comrade Levi does not leave any doubt that Germany will be one of the first to enter on the road of social revolution. (Next Week Second Sitting of the Congress). IN MEMORY. By an Ex-hero. "Allied troops invade Germany, war again declared" these mre the words that greeted me; ''Allies an nounce they will take over Germ an territory und make her pay the last mark." -In my mind came the vision of long lines of inarching men, rumbling cannon and flying banners. Yes, cities to ho oaupied. The WORKERS must pay or fight other WORKERS what fools itmortals are, what confounded jackasses! French diplomacy wins oVtr Lloyd George, on to the Rhine Jnd TAKK OVER the FACTOR IKS. isn't the Dictatorship of then what is it? Now, if the French workers would take over French factorial and the Germans take over m German factories we wouldnt kicl BUT to If this Capitalism see these nrraed WORKERS repre senting the League of Nations march ing in like heroes to take over the INDUSTRIES for their MASTERS and then in TURN work them for their MASTERS makes one feel like saying that after all old P. J. Bar num was right on with the dance its the LAST march and somewhere between the two oceans the Dictator ship of Capitalism will meet these same WORKERS on their WAY BACK, ready to take over their own factories. Revenge, revenge and more re venge, the workers must pay, if they don't, we are done for, these darn Reds will mop us up-Germany pays or we will huve a revolution on our hands and if Germany goes Bolghuviki we will have? perish the thought, begone from me impos sible, why Russia is breaking down, who will the Germans hook up with wo have no Reds amongst us, our workers are cither LOAFING or in the army. Such is the song of the wise ones, but deep down in their dear little hearts they know it to be n LIE. Capitalism is crumbling and breaking to pieces right before their noses and the WAR LORDS have ussisted greatly in doing it. Across the long space eastward arises a new day, people born anew out of the apcony and misery of capitalist war the Allied workers are headed in the right direction who knows what their thoughts are? Let them march on with speed of the winds and let's hopo that they never hear the command HALT until across tho way the outstretched hand of the sons of the Worlds First Socialist Republic bids them WELCOME and together let them sing war's last RECALL, in memory of the world's workers, to those sons and daugh ters of the salt of the earth, the prolctaire. s No more the rut infested tr.-nches, the stink and skcltons that by night light up No Mans Land with ghastly rays no more the parting, the an guish and living by the minute; no more heroes but JUST MEN living as such with all men. Happy, rosy cheeked children, contented wives, and workers without a four of de portation; men amongst men, living and letting live. Speed tho dny when from war's last recall there wiil come PEACE and CONTENTMENT and the MEMORY of the WORLDS WORKERS who fought and died that WARS will bo no moro. All power to the workers and may they MARCH ON and ON and OVER the RHINE and come back with changed banners and as members of the Workers League of Nations the 3rd International. The now day is dawning to the grim faced, ill fed, 111 clothed Russian peasant and worker, wc aro indebt ed, he guvo us tho way of PEACE and out of a blood soaked world bullded the new civilisation where WARS are no more.