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CLEVELAND, 0, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1921.
THE TOILER THE TOILER ONE YEAR I SIX MONTHS I FOREIGN I I S2.00 , I 11.00 I 1 7r, 12.50 Address all mail and make all checks payable to THE TOILER 3207 CLARK AVENUE, CLEVELAND, OHIO. Entered as Second Class Matter, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, Ohio, under the Act of March 3, 1879. BUNDLE ORDER PRICES Bundle orders in any quantity 3c. per copy. Bills upon bundle orders of 100 or more rendered monthly. Bills must be paid upon presentation. Order a bundle of Toilers weekly and sell them to your shopmates. Published weekly by the TOURER PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION TELEPHONE: LINCOLN 3639. !l!!!!lD!!lili EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE TOILER m DECLARATION OF WAR. freedom from the yoke of Spain to a practice of i -educing them to mere colonies and. spheres of influence of th United States. These Latin nations have, with diamay. witnes sed the gradual loss of an independent foreign pol'ty on rmpmant questions They are now discovering that the wealth oi itnei own. The tin of Bolivia,' the copper oi Chile am Mexico, all the raw materials of these countries the hands of the American financial clique. ine fho "nrattfynitp" over Culba. the invasions PAGE 3. illiWliliillilW f soil is not their Peru, the oil of are falling into ave experienced to Mexico, the War for the American workers did not cease on Armistice Day! War in a form more brutal and more insidious, since it is carried on without even the slightest suggestion of an "ideal 'tp goal, has been waged to destroy the last hope of the workers of America that they will be freed from wage slavery without resort to organized force. There has not been the slightest intimation that the purpose of this campaign was to keep down "unruly" elements. It has been a bloody, ruthless attack of organized greedy capitalism on weak sections of the labor movement, which, in return, have been compelled to use force against force 'guns against guns. The hli!s of West Virginia are red with the blood of workers that has i .ceh spilled in open fights with hirelings of the capitalist class, sent there to maintain "peace" and 'order". And what "peace and order" they have maintained! Organized greed is never satisfied. It was declared war on, -nion labor the closed shop must go. There must remain only the SHOP CLOSED -TO THE UNION MAN! That is the aim of organized greed consolidated into the one big union of the employers, who have prepared to throw the workers into the streets, to starve and beg. What are the workers of America fioing to do about it? Had the workers of the United States declared war on the capitalists, the government would have sent its army into action against them. The jails and penitentiaries would be full of work ers given a long vacation to think over their "criminal" acts. Capital declares and may declare war on the workers; it maj procure rifles, machine guns and poisor. gas, ship them into ar. State of the Union, and still be safe from prosecution. But the possession of a single firearm exposes the worker to a long prison sentence. The armies of thugs, ex-convicts, 'hoodlums hired by !".ective agencies. 'to..suppresis workers are always backed up by Cossacks and Federal troops if the workers, defending their jobs and their rights, fight back. The capitalists are carrying the game pretty far. They arc carrying it too far for safety's sake! The government of the United States is allowing them to pb.v with fire ! It is supporting them in their bloody game of crushing the workers! Labor has given in Labor has been kept in the dark by its leaders and its "friends" who do not know or care about labor's real misery. Labor has been sluggish in responding to the call for a united front an offensive front against the common enemy. Labor is still unorganized. In spite of the fact that there re putedly are nearly 5,000,000 workers oiganized in America, there is still lack of cohesive force. Divided into hundreds of separate, almost autonomous organizations and sud-divisions, recognizing no single central authority; scabbing on one another; refusing to support one another when in trouble, the workers of America cannot be said to be organized. . . To &ay nothing of the millions of men and women still disconnected from all orgaization. But let the capitalists procure a tew more decisions against organized labor; let them enact a few more laws forcing the workers to give up even the few primitive "rights" that they have acquired ; let them continue their bombardement of organ ized labor just a little longer, 'persistently, relentlessly then LABOR WILL WAKE UP! And it will be a rule awakening for lafcor and for capital! It will be an awakening for the powers that still rule the country! It will show Labor in its primitive strength intent upon effecting a change. It will bring more mil lions into the organizations. It will bring the organizations closer together. It will open their eyes to the fact that there is but ONE ENEMY, unscrupulous, vicious, bloodthirsty, hesitating at noth ing, using every stratagem and trick aided and abetted by all the powers of the capitalist State. 1111. L - VV-. x w w financial penetration of Brazil, the foul and bliody suppression and annexation of Haiti and San Domingo, wer have made the lowr American continent "our" sphere of influ ke. And hv what ritrht do the imperialists of tike United Slates Ail ivi s J ' C7 propose to become the sole robbers and despoilerfe of the Western Hemisphere? By the familiar right of MRrH r ! Secretary of State Olney, in 1895, explained to England t States is oracticaD.v sovereign on this continen infinite resources render it mdster of the situat; Hughes "will enforce, if necessary, a peaceful s hat the "United because... its pn." And Master lution!" The workers of America cannot sit idly by aittd see the ruling 1 A 1 . U 1 I i ana oppression piste the crimes workers are the class make this country a byword of hatred They are the ones who will be called upon to ex itr.ed bv the capitalist bloodhounds. The ones to be shipped to all parts of the globe to lmjrder their fellow workers. It is their flesh and blcad that Will tattle n foreign land:, as already occured in France, in Siberia, in Murnjui'i.sk, in Mexico, in the West Indies More terrible than all this, ' a second World War hangs over the heads of the working class. The murderotis haste of our imperialists for colonies and foreign markets in South America, in Asia and even in Africa, must inevitably plunge us mto an other war more devastating than its predecessor The rumors of war with England and Japan, the "biggest navy1' movement, the hints of -the inevitable conflict constantly being dropped by a Harding, an Ishi, a Geddes, a Huighes, are signs that the capitalist class and their agents are consciously preparing for the next war. All this awaits the workers if they do not oppose and prevent the oppression, robbery and torture, by the divine right of Amer icanism, of the nations south of us. We must make common cau.?e with those elements in "our" South American colonies, protec torates, etc. that are struggling to throw off the yoke of our and their oppressors. In helping these dependent nations, we are not only striking a blow for the self-determination of smali nations but are also weakening the power of our criminal capitalist class. And without the complete overthrow of this class, the workers cannot escape the approaching imperialist war. 'Dope' and 'Dubb' Phrases Analysed. By. A. W. mm i By J. T. MURPHC -o WHAT WE GET. By GEORGE WESSLER. The politicians of Europe were deeply disappointed at the inaugural speech of Harding. It was a mess of obscure general ities. But, on the first day of business, the new administration gave the world a concrete example of wbat "America First" means in action. The ultimatum to Panama and Costa Rica was a notice to the other imperialist wolves, und more particularly, to the weak bourgeoisie of the South and Central American coun tries that the right to conduct wars f r booty and plunder in the Western Hemisphere has not been renounced by the bloated capitalists of the U. S. A. Our ruling class, through till agency of the new administration, again proclaims the constitution of a policy of domination over the nations south of us. The South American countries are not being fooled by the $25,000,000 the Republicans talk of Riving to Colombia for her loss of Panama. They have had good reason to fear our rulers. They know that our Big Business can afford to pay for a veneer of "fair dealing". They have seen the Monroe Doctrine issued and maintained purely for the economic mtarests of United States traders gradually change from a movement supporting their MOSCOW OR AMSTERDAM! MOSCOW OR AMSTERDAM! That is the issue before the organize:! industrial workers of the world to day. There can be no shirking on this matter. We are either with one or the other. The problems of the day are upon us: unemployment, wage-cutting, compel us to action. We either treat these questions after the manner of the Amsterdam Inter national or after the manner of the Moscow International. To say that we are neutral or that we know nothing of the Internationals does not alter the situation. Our practice de termines our position when judged from the International point of view. And immediately we are conscious of the kind of practice we are making and for what each of these inter national organizations stand, then we are open to judgement at the bar of working-class history. The policy of the Amsterdam In ternational of the "Yellows" has been revealed and is being revealed continually as a policy of coopera tion with the enemies of the work ing class, culminating in a full-blown gospel of "class peace" and apathetic wagging at the tail of the League of Nations. The policy of Moscow has also been fully revealed by the Commun ist International and the Russian Trade Unions in particular. Both have set the place to the extension and development of their activities. The one iin the growth of the Com munist International and the other by constant appeals to the organizc.l industrial workers of the western countries, and by taking the initia tive in the formation of the Pro visional International Council of Trade and Industrial Unions, with the object of establishing a Red In dustrial International. Thoy have practiced a constant loyalty to the intorosta of the working class, have overthrown their oppressors and de nounced the policy of Class Peuce and stand for a Workers' Interna tional free from traitorous policy and traitorous leaders. Such are the broad issues befor? us and upon which we must decide. But clour as these main issuos may be to those who sec and read, it must,k0 a ncw cpntrc f gravity that will determine all thcr future activities. This task becomes increasingly im portant us every itruggle raises, the revolutionary issues of the ago. It is not enough simply to aim at the change of a few 1 lenders. We have to move the wljnln organizations give them an allaimor.t with all the .TV not be forgotten that vast multitudes who, from time to time, are moved in one direction or another, do not see and do not undorttaivl. They move when forced by circumstances and they move wither they do not un it i stnnd. Croat tasks and respon sibilities are, therefore, thrust upon the intelligent vapgttard of the mas ses. It is useless . to deplore the movement and the protest of tie masses. There they are as facts and factors of history. It is equally use less futile and damnable to perpe tually drive these masses back into the ruts of their misery, and coin fort ourselves with a consciousness of their ignorance. The protests, the revolts of the masses are the su-e and certain indications of the in stinctive uprising of mankind against all forms of slavery. , These impulses the vanguard must encourage. These movements the vanguard must harness and direct The ignorance and blindness the vanguard must clear away with light and ' education. Three fundamental tasks, thev? fore, present themselves to the Re volutionists, especially the Commun ists. 1) The clarification of the minds of the masses and the de velopment of a consciousness in them of all that Communism means. 2) The direction of the masses in ac tion. 3) The mobilization of the mas ses for action and the conquest of power. For the first we need an organiza tion of those who do understand the objective before the working class and the ways and means to get there. Such an organization is the Communist International. For the second the members of the Com munist International must secure the will and confidence of the workers who are organized in industrial or ganizations. To do this, they must be prepared to bS members of the industrial organizations and parti cipate in their tvery-day activities, he wit I) them m every ph.i.-o of the struggle, proving to the workers that they have u working class policy and know how to apply it. The third tusk is different from tho others, hut of equnl importance, especially as the struggle of the workers reaches its revolutionary stages. It is the task of moving whole organizations of workers away from compromising policies and giv ing of a ncw orientation of policy to them. It is tie rallyinor of the mass organizations of the workers "Things have always been the same and always will be." This sentence seems to be the last resort of the lazy minds among the workers. Even a little reflection on their part would show them it is nonsense. Historically speaking it is untrue. No one yet has been able to discover one thing in the heavens or on the earth which is not in process of change while all the accumulated statistics of science show this change to take place in accordance with natural laws (e. g., gravitation), many of which are known. The great er man's knowledge of these laws, the greater is his power over his en vironment. The phrase sometimes occurs in the form, "We've always had rich and poor, and always will have," . or "the poor are always with us." This like wise is false, and is easily proved so. Men can only live without working where other men produce more than they consume. If the man who tilled the soil required all he grew to keep himself and family, every man would require to till the soil or hunt for his food somewhere. What is called the "State of Savagery" is just a condition of society where mankind is living from day to day, and where many die because they cannot pro cure enough foor for themselves. Under such conditions rich and poor, workers and idlers, are impossible. So things have not always been the same. Let me illustrate this from a lec ture I heard on Alpine climbing. The lecturer was a well known capitalist, who, no doubt drew a large sum an nually for ''directing industry." He evidently required a change from his labors frequently, since he spent a good deal of hi3 time mountaineer ing "for the fun of the thing." With two ladies he set out to climb Mont Blanc, and, of course, asked for two workers to carry their provisions. They discovered, however, that a man was physically incapable of carrying up Mont Blanc any more food than his own necessities, and even the hir ing of 200 workers could not have freed them from the necessity of carrying their own food. There was no master and man, rich rmd poor, once the confines of society were left, and every one on the mountain had to do his own work. The double condition of master and man, rich and poor is due to the I organization of society, and this is continually changing. As soan as you," the workers, take the trouble to understand the laws of social de velopment, you can go forward con sciously to abolish a system which makes you the hewer of wood and ZDVKF CHALLENGES THE AMSTER DAM MTERNATHKUL OPEN LETTER TO MESSRS. JOUHAUX, OF PARIS, FIMMEN AND OUDAGEEST, OF AMSTERDAM. Gentlemen: I have received the letter you sent me, written on behalf of the Amster dam Trade Union International. As you requested me to do, I com municated the contents of your letter to the Executive Committee of the Communist International. You say that you speak on behalf of thirty million organized workers, no more and no less. Gentlemen, I do not believe you. You have no more right to say that you speak in the name of thirty million organized workers than has Millerand to speak in the name of the forty million in habitants of France, or Ebert in the name of the sixty million inhabitants of Germany. No, gentlemc::, you will no longer succeed in deceiving anyone. In reali ty, you speak, not on behalf of thirty million organized workers but only on behalf of a little group of Trade Union bureaucrats, a group which lends its support to the bour geoisie against the workers when any fundamental questions arise. In your letter you ask us, while criticising your attitude, to give cre dit for honest intentions and a sin cere desire to safeguard the interests of the working class; but if. spite of our desire to be fair to you, gent lemen, we regret to say that we cannot concede you this point. There may be ,of course, within your "yellow" International of Am sterdam, some leaders whose actions are disinterested, and who honestly believe that they are serving the in terests of the working class. But these leaders arc not those who in fluence is greatest within the Am sterdam International. Capable business men, such as Al bert Thomas, Jouhaux, the lr.te Le gien, the English Minister Hender son, Vandervelde, Troelstra, Brant ing, or ' yen Renaudel himself with in the Labor movement, as conceived by the Amsterdam International- such men know very well what they are doing. It is impossible that you all, with your varied experience, you that have been ministers in more than one bourgeois government, at times when the bourgeoisie was con fronted with social difficulties and found it absolutely necessary to shed tho blood of the workers it is impossible for you not to know what you are doing. Snmp of vou have come from the drawer of water to men who have ranks of thc workers but have long never rendered any social service m pasged QVC1. bo(,y and soul into their lives. '' !tne camp of our mortal enemies, the Kill, these "dope" phrases and wake j bourffeoiaiei thc slumbcrers! j This .g becominR morc and morc obvious to thc more conscious sec- vlXXXXiXXil! tions of the workers. And this is j why one after the other, the Trade Unions in France, Germany and else where nre abandoning the Amster dam Internntionul, and are linking up with the International Council of Red Trade Unions established at Moscow. You are alarmed because you find thc ground giving way beneath your feet. Just as, during the lust two years, thc workers' political parties , have, one after the other, left the camp of the Second International, so the Trade Unions are leaving the camp of the "Yellow" Amsterdam In ternational. It is as inevitable as that thc dawn should follow the night. It is as inevitable as the vic tory of thc proletariat over the bour geoisie. The first World Congress of the EM Trade Unions has been fixed for May 1, 1921, at Moscow. It has been emucned by tho International Coun cil of Workers Unions, acting in con junction with the Executive Commit tee of thc Communist -International. All those Unions which really want to fight thc bourgeoisie arc invited to this Congress. Wo only lay down PRAVDA Boheminn (Czechoslovak) Week ly Organ of I'ncompromising Socialism. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: $2 per Year; Six Months $1. .Single Copies 5c; Bundle Or ders 50 to 100 copies 4c each; 100 copies or morc 3c per copy. Address P R A V D A 1423 W. l!Uh Str., Chicago, III. revolutionary forces, gather together those organizations which; nre de termined to be loyal to the working clnss interests, and to fight con sciously for the workers' victory over capitalism. That is what ''Rallying tho Work ers to Moscow" means a shifting away from the "yellow" policy of bowing and scraping and appealing to thc overlords who batter them for their pains, and a gravitation to thc healthy heart of the Revolution which stirs and pumps thc life blood of purpose, courage and power to rise from sluvory to freedom. Aguin, therefore, we appeal to the organized workers in thc unions to rally their organizations to Moscow. Pass thc resolutions of tho Inter national Council of Trade and In dustrial Unions at your Branch meet ings. Set the pace toward the vic tory of thc masses. Down with compromise of thc Amsterdam International. RALLY THE WORKERS' OR GANIZATIONS TO THE MOSCOW CONGRESS OF MAY 1. one condition, which is that the unions which want to take part in our Congress should sincerely desire to fight against World Imperialism and, therefore, against the instru ment of World Imperialism, the "Yellow" International of Amster dam; and you will see that this first Congress of Red Workers' Unions will be a triumph for the Third In ternational, and will give the final death-blow to the treacherous In ternational of Amsterdam. Every step yoU take you launch against us; every service that you render to Imperialism, and such services have been your main task for some time, will only strengthen the Third International, and help to ensure the success of the World Con gress Of Red Trade Unions on May 1, 1921. Your letter contains one practical proposal, that you should supply our organization with more detailed in formation as to your work. Y'ou seem to be anxious to start a discussion with us as to your principles and ours. I, therefore, gentlemen, let you know of the following decision of the Executive of the Communist International: ''The Executive of thc Commun ist International and the Interna tional Council of Trade Unions have resolved unanimously on the motion of Zinovief, to accept a public debate with the Amsterdam International." We know quite well how little in fluence you have over the masses of the workers. On the other hand, your influence is considerable in the min isterial circles of the -bourgeois gov ernment. So we have no doubt that M. Jouhaux will be able to persuade M. Millerand without much trouble that the President of the Communist International should be allowedT i&t the good of the cause, to visit Paris for a public debate with M. Jou haux. And it is quite possible that Mr. Henderson will be able to ob tain the same result in England, and M. Troelstra in Holland. The Third International therefore proposes to take steps to arrange from February of this year for pub lic discussion before the workers of London, Paris, Amsterdam, and other European capitals, so that the yel low International of Amsterdam can take part. Gentlemen, it should not be dif ficult for you to obtain governmen tal consent to our proposal, through the mediation of the League of Na tions, which is so favorably disposed toward you and of the International Labor Office, which serves as a link between the Amsterdam International and the League of Nations. Please examine our proposal as soon as you can among your own circle that is to say the circle of burenucrats of the Amsterdam In ternational and the Home and For eign Ministers of your Governments, and let us have a reply one way or thc other as soon as possible. We eagerly await your reply. You can be sure, gentlemen, that we quite understand the difficulty of your position, and that we realize what unpleasant circumstances caused you to write that letter to us, to which we are now replying. Accept our condolences for the rapid disintegra tion of your forces, with the whole world looking on; and accept our as surance that thc advance guard of the workers of the world knows you at true worth, and that it also knows that, in order to overthrow the power of capitalism, it is also neces sary to put an end to thc treacher ous organization called the Amster dam International of Trade Unions. Yours very respectfully, ZINOVIEF. Petrograd. January 12, 1921. n II t: ,. rtl II u V.iM'l" SUBSCRIPTION BLANK ONE YEAR $2.00. HALF YEAR 81.00. Name Address City State Use this blank for renewals or new subscriptions. THE TOILER 3207 CI. ARK AVE. CLEVELAND. OHIO.