Newspaper Page Text
THE T (p I L E R )S- INTERNATIONAL MANIFESTO To all the Organizations Affiliated with the Communist International, and to the Workers of all Countries. Comrades, Far the last two years, the wokers of Spain, particularly those of the most industrial and ac tive sections of the country have been subjected to a most cruel and barbaric oppression on the part of the ruling class. The Government, acting on behalf of the landlords who have greatly enriched themselves during the Im perialist War, is treating the work ers of the country with ever-increasing severity. For two years, all constitutional guarantees have been suspended, and martial law has prevailed. The Labor press been suppressed, labor unions dissolved, and the right of assembly denied. The militant elements of the labor unions and even the ordinary workers have been cast into prison by hundreds of thousands, in accor dance with the whim of provincial and local tyrants. But our Spanish comrades have not bowed their heads before thi3 brutal treatment. They have organized themselves for resistance, and, by maintaining their labor organiza tions in spite of everything, they have enstured the solidarity of their class. In response to the violence of the Government, they are manifesting increased courage and energy. The bourgeoisie of Spain, tram pling under foot its own laws, is resorting to measures characteristic of the dark ages. The militant workers have been deported to Fernando Po, in Africa, to Mfthon, on the island of Minorca, and similar places. Others are being deported under convoy of gendarmes to the villages of their birth, being compelled to march on foot and sub jectedto various brutalities. Since the army and the police do not suf fice the Spanish bourgeoisie has let loose its White Guards against the workers. In a word, our Spanish com rades have become the victims of a White terror similar to that of Fin land and Hungary. But they do not lose courage. They have taken up the j guantlet against all the forces of the bourgeoisie, and they ask the workers of all other countries to come to their assistance, in thi3 great combat against their bourgeoi sie, maddened and enraged by their resistance. This assistance must be immediate, and must take form of a complete boycott of all Spanish pro ducts, which, in accordance with the recommendation of our Spanish com rades ought to begin, on Jan. 15. Beginning with that day, the work ers of all countries must decline to handle, to transport, or to unload any goods coming from Spain, or consigned to Spain. They must also refuse to use any products of Spanish origin. Thus isolated from the entire world, and renounced by the prole tariat of all countries, the Spanish bourgeoisie will have to capitulate. The Communist International Coun cil of Labor Unions most urgently calls upon the workers of all coun tries to respond to the appeal of their Spanish brethren. The great struggle imposed upon them by the bourgeoisie, which they have thus far carried on so courageously, without any assistance, must end in victory for the Spanish proletarat. The sup port which they now stand in need should be given them immediately and without hesitation. All the organizations affiliated with the Communist International should respond to the appeal of the Spanish National Confederation of Labor, which is itself a member of the International. The-y must do all in their power to assure the success of this movement. A victory over the Spanish bourgeoisie will be a victory of the proletariat as a whole. We must show that the solidarity of the working class, manifest in action, is invincible. Long live the Spanish proletariat! Long live the solidarity of the working class! Executive Committee of the Communist International. Executive Committee of the Inter- A LETTER FROM POLAND. Poland is as yet a wall for inter national capitalism against Bolshev ism and on that account did Poland get from the capitalistic nations the right to self determination. Under the false pretense of saving Poland from the Bolsheviks they declared war against Russia. The war which Poland started in the time of the "Socialist" Government (the Bergers and Hilquits of Poland) har1 only one goal the destruction of the Soviet Government. Thanks to them the bourgeoisie is still sitting in the saddle, but at the same time having turned over everything to the Rocke fellers and Morgans. With tens of thousands of unemployed, starvation and disease are raging and any day :iiay see a revolution break out. You, in America have the illusion that the Proletarian movement of Poland is dead because of reaction This is not true. Your press does not mention the struggle of the masses under the leadership of the Polish Communist; Party. They make you think the masses of Poland stick with the Government against the opposi tion, but the fact is when the Com munist Party was legal the worker? were with us; the calls for demon strations were answered by thous ands of workers, which ended in the death of some comrades. When the bourgeoisie with the help of the yel low Socialists took over the govern ment their first task was the de struction of the Communist Partjf. While we now are driven underground the masses are still with us. At one time the call for a demonstration was answered by more than forty five thousands organized workers. On May first the call from the Communist Party was answered by thousands of workers, altho the war with Russia was still on. Without the Yellow Socialists' help the bour geoisie couldn't exist. The sympathy of the Polish working masses for the Soviet Regime manifested itself when the Red Army marched into Poland and Galicia. The city and country and fought th remeating Polisn ar my. All organUatiolis of the Polish! Socialist Party eaijne over to the Communist Party arid 'fought against CLEVELAND, 0., SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1921. there would be ay. The retreat their own nationalist army. When the Red Army was fjtfteen miles from Warsaw the Polish workingclass waited and hoped A for the minute when the Red troojps would march into Warsaw. Had this occured a new Europe to-' of the Red army flrom Poland cost many hundreds of lives to the work ingclass who were chot by the gov ernment for workii ig in Soviet in stitutions, and hel ing the Soviet Army. Now after -t te armistice be tween Poland and Russia is signed the Polish Governm ent is still send ind a Balachovich on Pinsk and Zseligowski on Vi Ina, but we are sure our comrades of Russia will clean them out like rats. Conditions for a Revolution a now ripe, un employment, starvat on, high cost of living, graft, reacti n and the dis appointed millions of soldiers who were promised Itnt ; and work, all these are with- us. The outbreak of the masses cannot le prevented. A Revolution must cor le. Yors for Commu hism Zolmaw. 0-4 City and Farm Labor Must iJnite. By h. r. Adams. , Comrades of the i city, we of the farm need your help. Between us there has been built a wall of mis understanding. Built by our two faced masters manipulating their CAPITALIST IMPERIALISM AND COLONIAL POLICY. A STUDY LESSON FOR W0RK1NGMEN. By MILNER. ' (Continued from last week.) iany opportunity to the colonials for 6) INVESTMENTS TEND TO pE- education, but they must at" the same VEI.OP PRODUCTIVE FORCES. Capital invested by one country by another, has the same tendency as capital generally; to create more capital. The mines, fields and fac tories, where capital is invested, ex ploit the cheap colonial labor and thus yield a surplus of profits. This surplus must be reinvested in pro ductive enterprises again and so be: comes in its turn a very great asset to the owners. Eut now the question is: how long can this circling go on? The bulk of the capital is growing and growing, it already could find no place for reinvestment in the home country and was sent out into the world. If the same multiplication takes place again where will capital emigrate when the world will be too small for it? In 1914 the world al ready was too small for modern capitalism. The war was forced upon the peoples by the logic of capitalistic development. Stagnation is similar to death, capitalism can tolerate it for a while but not for a decade. To increase the rapidity of its process, it must annihilate some of its rivals, must capture their fields of opera tion and insure its own further de velopment and postpone the day of reckoning. The development of the productive forces and the comparat ive shrinking of the world brought about the wojld- war of 1914. Some of the rivals, Germany, kept press. By insidious lies you Austria and Hungary, were eliminat have been pictured to the farmer as e(j from the international competi- lazy, ignorant and over-paid; always I tion, but all their productive forces time prove to the home population that their intention really is not exploitation but development and ad vancement. Some of- the petty bour geois or middle men are granted same knowledge so that they can be used as driver's i'or the slaves and wage workers .When these nationals participate to some degree in the not help them now. What the Amer ican bourgeoisie condemns as Prus sianism in Germany and England, it practices at home, on the American workers and applies it perfectly to its colonials. The Spanish-American war marked the beginning of the im perialistic era of the United States. In that war the U. S. acquired its colonies and dependencies, and ap plies the same modern tortures to management of things they inevit- them as the Germans and British national Council of Labor Unions. workers in some instances armed TO THE FOOLS OF ENGLAND! There is a bright spot in England which will pass in history, even when the memory of our mighty rul ers shall be dim and faint: that spot is in Lancashire, ''that thinks to-day what London thinks to-morrow;" and in Lancashire that place is Gorton, where we have an active branch of the Communist Party. That bright spot in England is peopled by a set of fools that would defy the pen of a Swift. They don the cap and they don the bells, and from the bottom of their emasculated souls they write. They write to their masters, Messrs. Robert Williams A Son, Embossers and Finishers of Chatworth Mill, Gorton: "Your employees have decided to approach you with the suggestion that our wages be reduced by 10 per cent. 'We hope that this offer will be accepted as it is felt that the pre sent high cost of living exists pri marily owing to the very high cost of production. Also, in making this voluntary offer, it is hoped and be lieved that our example will become contagious in other trades as well as our own, and the result would then be a lowering in the cost of living and consequent increase in purchasing power." Contagious, forsooth! Even the masters did not dream they had such a pack of stupid fel lows in their service, for the Even ing Standard reports: "that the letter came as a pleas ant surprise to the firm, 'one of the finest things it has ever been our lot to receive.' " Inquiry showed that the letter was Capitalism Getting Cautions. Criminal Syndicalist laws are be coming very common. Not only are there more than 29 States in the United States with laws of this nat ure on their books, but several other States are contemplating enacting such measures, in order to ''protect society" from its "enemies". The espionage act, however, re vealed clearly that a law may be abused to such a degree that it loses all semblance of law and becomes a "perverse weapon" put into the hands of judges to w'clu as they please. The pleasure of the judge depends on the relative strength of the radical and revolutionary eltments in the labor movement and the might of the capitalists in that particular region. However, capitalists are becoming cautious. Not in the APPLICATION of these laws, but in the FORM in which they are drafted. Thus, the state of North Dakota now has a criminal syndicalist law reading tu follows: "Section 1. Criminal syndicalism is hereby defined as the doctrine which advocates crime, sabotage, violence or other unlawful method of ter rorism as a means of accomplishing industrial ends, and includes and comprehends all unlawful combina tions of bankers, merchants or others which raise the prices of any com modities or merchandise above the supply and demand basis, or charg ing of higher rates of interest than is customary in communities where no combination exists. "The printing or publishing, wil fully or knowingly, of any false rumor or report which tends to de stroy the confidence of the people in the government of the state of were not destroyed and could not be for instance the highly developed labor power is still there, but can not be applied productively. The dilemma before these countries now is: to change their system of pro duction or to perish. This system really means: to produce and develop, until reaching the point, where it cannot go any further,, there it must blow up and destroy its own creation and start the same vicious bankers of the East and Middle West refusing to help them over a period of stress. This is part of the vicious campaign conducted by the banking interests of the country, in order completely to discredit and destroy the Non-Partisan League and move ment. And these same farmers now threaten to send "bankers, or any other group of men" to prison for combining to raise prices etc.! True, the bankers and other groups of men including telephone, tele graph and railroad companies, will do nothing to destroy the confidence f the people in the government of the United States. Why should they? THEY ARE the government. But let jj cou,d see -t wns J grasping for more pay and less work. t On the other hand we are pictured to you as sleek well fed profiteers riding about the country in our au tomobiles. Forcing the prices of your food beyond reach. Both pic tures are despicably untrue! The class and social consciousness of most workers are dormant, the coun trysides are barren of them; compar ed with the City it, is a WILDER NESS. Here and there a man rises r;rciP anew. t.n th lteht of understanding but r-p -tmxz he is soon caught between the mill- 7) ' MODERN COLONIALISM stones of ignorance. Below him his Modern Colonialism is modernized fellows, ignorantly damning your robbery. Colonialism of antiquity was strikes for living wages, as the cause j ais0 robbery, so the difference does r, ; their troubles. Above him is your ignorance, which holds the farmer reponsibLe. fxabjjiyhPstL sA the essential foods. These millstones operated by our Joint MASTERS soon grind us both, to powder. I have been to the . City of Cities. Seen it pulsing with life, its blood corpuscles, the workers, functioning in every part. It's. great masses of buildings machines t.nd men. Most of all its massing of iieas. There were worksrs striking, pic keting; silent sentinels of protest, marching shoulder to shoulder. And not workmen point out that fact. Let them not show that there is only one method of changing that govern ment, so that is will represent work ers' interests, and that not by elect ing Democrats, Farmer-LaboiHtes, Socialists to office. Let them but say there is only one way the way the workers in Russia did, the way the workers of Italy and Germany are preparing to do. Let them say that the working class will have con fidence only in a government of the workers and that the capitalists of the United States will resist the establishment of a Government of the Workers by any means, legal or illegal as they are now doing THEN the criminal syndicalist law will go into operation. The bankers of the country con trol North Dakota as they do every other State in the country. Laws against them on the statute books are only a mockery. fc S. G.. 0 AS CLEAR AS MUD. signed by 140 employees Nand not , North Dakota or the United States 6 per cent withheld their names. 'or which tends to destroy the peo- The offer means the surrender ;f from 2s. 6d. to 15s. per week. The Ministry of Labor, informed of the existence of these wilting slaves, and of their "contagious" ex ample, bubbles with glee. "Already it has expressed gratifi cation at the action of the firm's employers." It never rains but it pours. At the time of going to press, our of fice boy enters breathless, waving the latest edition of the Evening Star and M. U. G. S. Gazette. In flaming headlines we see: "THE CONTAGION SPREADING CITY MERCHANTS FOLLOW GORTON'S EXAMPLE COMPANY DIRECT ORS REDUCE THEIR DIVIDENDS cabinet Ministers (aimidst the cheers of the House) RENOUN CE THEIR SALARIES CHUR CHILL SWEARS HE WILL NOT RIDE IN A ROLLS-ROYCE, TO SAVE PETROL', etc., etc. The Workers' Dreadnought. pie's confidence in any industry in which the state of North Dakota or in which the United States is en gaged; the entering into combina tions or agreements by telephone, tel egraph or railroad companies, bank ers or any other group of men for the purpose of blacklisting or com bining against any man or woman or group who werk for wages limits the rent on flat buildings, houses and other property to 12 pet cent net return to the owners The advocacy of this doctrine is hereby declared n felony." There it states in bold, manly lan guage that if "combinations of bank ers, merchants or others" and fur ther if ''combinations or agreements by telephone, telegraph or railroad companies, bankers or any otheH group of men" do any of the criminal things pointed out In the law, they will be guilty of felony! - More than 30 hanks operated hv the farmers of North Dakota have been forced to close, owing to the which supported fusing of ideas, as well as the presence and example of their comrades them. By force of contrast there rushed upon me a vision or tne open coun try I had left. The If arm proletarian isolated from his fellows by great Shoes are high because leather is high. Leather is high because hides are high. Hides are high because they are scarce. Hides are scarce because butchers are killing less catle. Butchers are killing less cattle be cause there is less demand for meat. There is less demand for meat be cause meat is high. Meat is high because cattle are scarce. Cittle are scarce because the de mand is so heavy. The demand for catle is heavy be cause hides are high. Hides are high because leather is high. Leather is high because shoes are high. Very simple, isn't it? 0 distances, long days of labor, and empty nights; ploc ling and alone, doomed to continue 1 Ignorance un less you carry tl s class struggle into the country. The workings of t e Masters' Game is very clear to me. ith the cleaver of their press they are cutting the working class in h Ives. CITY and COUNTRY. As yoi of the city or ganize and grow m threatening in your strength they I plan to retreat to us of the countrjlfor support and to that end are allsady building a misguided hatred in Ihe minds of the farm proletariat. T eir purpose is to starve us both it 0 submission. This is not a pl( 1 for sympathy. It is a demand upon our intelligence. A warning that th success of the city workers' figh' depends upon perfect understands r of the Masters' Game. For in unt Brstanding that you will realize thi ; the fight will eventually resolve it elf into a strug gle to fill your bellies The city must bel fed! The work ing class in the country which pro duces the food musl be taught that the future of all upon the successful city proletariat to4 Capitalist Class. The great giant cjf Farm Labor is banker drugged. YOfJ, the organized workers of ihe city him into lifel 0 not rest in robbery itself but in the form of it. Ancient colonialism mani fested itself in the robbery of the accumulated wealtn 'of those colonials who were conquered in open war fare. It also meant the driving away of the conquered peoples and con vprtino- them into slaves in the " - --o country of the conquerors. Modern colonialism aims to secure the raw materials from the colonies, that are needed for the home industries; for the disposing of commodities and for investing of surplus capital of the capitalistic nation. It not only takes from the colony but also gives to it.. There are such cases in mod ern imperialistic colonial policy where a country carrys it on for a decade, investing and contributing for the maintenance of order and re ceives only a very small fraction In return. It seems queer why such nolicy is carried on, if it does not pay. Bnt this is a phenomena of modern imperialism. The state ne comes the greatest purchaser of the bulky commodities, like steel rails and rolling stock, boats and harbors the building of which cost3 enor mous amounts. Budgets increase from vear to year, taxes on all l'fe s ne cessities grow higher, it signifies eeneral exploitation. The policy would be foolish and utterly ridi culous, if there be nothing else in it There is however one class that profits by this kind of business, and that is the highly concentrated cap italist-imperialist clique. The produc ers of arms and ammunitions; the makers of armour plate and men-of-war; the shippers of all of these commodities tir the distant colonies; the food and clothing suppliers or manufacturers for the armed forces of the State. So, there is a powerful clique of the, higher layer of the capitalist order that reaps enormous and unlimited profits from this de struction policy of modern imperial ism and colonialism. Labor depends struggle of the overthrow the must galvanize Ruthcnberg, Ferguson Larkin and Winitsky are still In prison awaiting the time when the appeals of theircals has been deferred indefinitely cases to higher courts will be heard. by five habeas corpw writs. Milwaukee. Ten ot of the 57 al leged radicals captured here in the January raid of 1920 have been de ported to date, according to an an nouncement by Alty. Henry H. Stroud of the Department of Justice Four others have left the country on their own initiative following re coipt here of deportation orders. Action on the remaining 49 radi 8) THE UNDESIRED IN MODERN COLONIALISM. In order to exploit the colonial pos sessions more effectively, it becomes necessary to develop some forces which modem imperialism would not like to create, still it is not able to prevent their growth. With in dustrial development in the colonies, which involves within it all those who are able to work, turning them Into slaves, chattel or wage, they have to permit them to gain some kind of technical knowledge. To ac quire that, it is necessary to read 2nd write, and when" slave class learns to read and write, it is quite hard to keep It from learning even tually what to read. The tendency (of the capitalists is to not give ably gain national consciousness and strive to do all these things for themselves, that they have been doing for their foreign masters. On the other hand, large masses of work ers are concentrated in mines, fields and factories, to toil for the for eign masters, under the gu'dance and supervision of their more advanced, nationals. Like in tha motherland, so in the colonies, the modern in dustrial system tends to develop class consciousness among the work ers and nationalism among the petty bourgeoisie. Although for different reasons, they both strive for independence. 9) INDEPENDENCE OF COLONIES WEAKENING OF IMPERIALISM. To enable the capitalist world to exist, it becomes indispensable to se cure colonies, where the surplus capital of the billionaires and trus4 magnates could be invested. If no' after many years, the colonies suc.eed on their side to break away from theif foreign masters, that will be a deadly blow to the economic 'sys tern of the imperialistic nations. Such imperialistic nations, as Great- Britain, are enabled to maintain their Minister order thru sheer robbery in the colonies. Great Britain -ecurs immense revenue by the exploitation of India, Egypt and about half of Africa. The approximate forty mil lion population of the United King dom, keep in subjugation 370 mil lion of color ials all over the world. The Btitish imperialists 'are in a position of grant concessions to the British workers, and still prosper on account of the colonials. The work ers of the motherland can be satis fied so as to use them as marauders and suppressors for the colonies and dependencies, and thus perpetuate the imperialist system. The workers must familiarize themselves as to the results of their support of the imperialists, that, it means -.nothing but the prolongation of their "own tortures. The intentions of the colo nial nationalists deserve their en couragement, if they succeed, it will clarify the' issue in the colonies, and bring nearer the actual class strug gle. The working class struggle in the colonies must be especially sup-. ported for that means the actual weakening of the bourgeoisie as an international exploiter. It must be pointed out that their task is not only to break the yoke of the for eign imperialist, but also to crush their own developing bourgeoisie Workers of every country must ex pose the imperialistic ambitions and colonial practice of their own, na tional, bourgeoisie. Military action against the colonies as a whole and the subjection of the unprotected workers, renders the metropoles workers struggle more difficult and harder. Extensive military caste, which developes in the metropole, ex tends its influence over all social life and brutalizes it. Instead of de mocratization, automatization takes place in the industrially advanced countries. The paramount question now becomes: to overthrow the in ternational imperialistic Bourgeoisie, by the toilers of the world, or decay and, downfall of modern civilization generally, thru" mutual destruction in imperialistic wars. 10) THE U. S. ON THE ROAD OF IMPERIALISM. The policy of conquest, which fi nance capital conducts for markets, raw materials and spheres for in vestment of surplus capital is im perialism. The United States as a country, are exercising this, nbove mentioned, policy. This being true, it is also true, that they are an im perialistic state, bound to curry on an aggressive policy against other countries and its weaker neighbors, aiming to conquer them. All the de famations of the petty bourgeoisie about the fine democratic ideals, of the generous and selfdenying people of this great land, is sheer nonsense nnd is used only to mislead and de ceive the workers of this country And render them more submissive to their exploiters, for they must be kept thinking how wonderfully vnllant and democratic they are, and will not comprehend the real situation. The petty bourgeoisie looks back ward, for It dares not look forward the future does not belong to it. THkt is why it worships the heroism of the past. Americans should realize tho state of affairs in this country, what it has in its lap for them and that the worshipping of the old glory does did and do to their subjects. The road of imperialism for the U. S. is hard. The world already is divided ' up between the great sharks, and the weak and" undeveloped begin to real ize what imperialistic subjugation means, they are ready to resist to the utmost. So any encroachment by the late comer from Anrerica, will succeed only by the actual exercise of armed might. These are the real reasons why America builds its navy and why it increases its officers' staff. The petty bourgeois pacifists, who fight against militarism as a thing in itself, and wage no war onv the capitalist system as a whole, are sky pilots who do not belong to this earth and its affairs. The cause1 of American militarism is American capitalism. Only that struggle can succeed which eliminates the root of , the evil. This can be dope only by the revolutionary workers who fight against the brutal imperialism of American finance capital. The revo lutionary workers of this country must cooperate with the workers of the American colonies and contemp lated colonies. This task is alleviat- 1 ed for the workers of America, by the fact, that the present and future American dependencies are' highly developed countries, with labor mov ements already organized. The Ver sailles "Peace Treaty" alloted for American slaughter-Mexico, Central and South America. These countries are not inhabited' by savages, who are weak and unable to resist, they are as highly civilized as we are. Beware America, what thou art con templating. QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS. 1) What is modern capitalism and how differs it from primitive capi talism? 2) What role does credit play and what power does it wield? 3) How do banks organize and control .jug , husa?. - -.4 41 How is fictitious capital creat- ed ana what mission has it? 5) Foreign investments in money; forms of investments. 6) How are commodities invested in foreign countries? 7) What investments tend to de velop in countries where they are being invested? 8) What is the real mvsoion of modern colonialism? 9) "Besides the exploitation of co lonials what else is 6pened for ex ploitation ? 10) In what sense does modern colonialism differs from ancient co- . lonialism ? 11) What undesirable factors does modern colonialism develop? 12) Shall t'icse factors be accel erated by the workers of the metro- , pole, if then for what reasons? 13) Is the U. S. an imperialistic country ? 14) What particular hardships con front the American imperialists? SCLT.Cfcji OF INFORMATION. 1. Lenin's, Theses on Colonial and National Questions. 2. Nearing's, "The American Em pire." chapters: Manifest Desti ny; The United States A World Empire; The Challenge To Im perialism. Pages: 120. to the end. 3. Brailsford's. "The War of Steel and Gold"." 4. Howes', "Why, War?" 5. Howes', ''The Only Possible Peace," a commendable book on facts and data, but loaded with petty bourgeois and pacifist ideas in its conclusion. , 6. Th. Veblen, "The Nature of Peace," chapter: On the Nature nnd Uses of Patriotism. 7. Chas. A. Beard, "Contemporary American History," chapters: 7, 8, 9, and 10, from pages 164 to 282. 8. F. A. Ogg "National Progress", chapters: 4, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17. 9. C. K. Hobsonj "The Export of Capital;" the book is an import ant contribution to modern im perialism worth studying. 10. C. H. Taverner, "The World Wide War Trust" nnd 'The Navy League Unmasked", speeches in the Congress of the U. S. 11. N. Bucharin, "The Program of the Communists," ch.: 12 and 19. 12. Lenin, "Proletarian Revolution in . Russia",' Socialism and the War. page 02 to 135. 18. Trotsky, "Proletarian Revolution in Russia," Democracy, Pacifism and Imperialism, page 103 to 200.