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CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDAY, APRIL 16, 1921.
THE TOttJBR ONE YEAR ! SIX MONTHS $2.00 $1.00 I FOREIGN 1 year, $2.50 Address all mail and make all checks payable to THE TOILER 3207 CLARK AVENUE, CLEVELAND, OHIO. Entered as' Second Class Matter, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, Ohio, under the Act of March 3, 1879. BUNDLE ORDER PRICES Bundle orders in any quantity 3c. per copy. Bills upon bundle orders of 100 or more rendered monthly. Bills must be paid upon presentation. Order a bundle of Toilers weekly and sell them to your shopmates. Published weekly by the TOILER PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION TELEPHONE: LINCOLN 3639. THE WHITE GUARD ORGANIZERS. The following letter has been sent to many business men, together with literature describing the work of the American Defense Society. -iw:. HOOKER ELECTROGHEMICAL COMPANY 25 Pine Street, New York. v February 16, 1921. Gentlemen: I have recently bfien elected Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the American Defense Society and have taken time to Batisfy myself that the Society has done a wonderfully important service not only betore ana curing the war, but since the war. The Society has before it, I am satisfied, as important constructive work for the next few years as at any time in the past. L enclose a summary statement of what the organization has heretofore done, as well as what it intends to do in 1921. This you will see directly concerns you and the interests you represent. For this reason I write to ask you to share with others the financing of the work. This letter goes to certain business men preminenl in their respective localities who it seems to me will be glad to send $5Q.00 as their 1921 con tribution. Please make your check payable to Benj. L. Allen, Treasurer and mail it to the Society's National Headquarters, 116 East 24th Street, New York City. Yours very truly, E. H. HOOKER. Accompanying this letter is some interesting literature. In it is given the work of the Society during 1921. Specimens of their work are: They suppressed radical soap-boxing in many cities. "The Society was the first agency to work towards the public discrediting of L. C. A. K. Martens. It has taken nearly two year.--for the Society's work to bear fruit. Martens is to be deported." You will note they take all the credit ! Here is another one of the Society's activities: 'To counteract the insidious propaganda of the Reds in their efforts to establish One Big Union for the violent overthrow of the government, the Society is now organiz ing Home Defense Committees throughout the nation. These cimittees are being organized to take up the active municipal - ynf "pffdrnraiTTce rof Which are essential to human life in cases of general strikes involving municipal , employees, and to replace city employees called to more ac tive duty on the arising of such a situation in given localities. Winnipeg, Seattle and Boston are examples." Stripped of its cheap, humanitarian verbiage, this means that the Society is enrolling potential scabs and is recruit ing the White Guard of America. A.s proof that its activities are needed, and to scare th-: business men so thoroughly, we presume, that they will shell out the fifty without a murmur, the Society prints the following document with all the glare of red type and large capitals : "STAND BY SOVIET RUSSIA! "The capitalist governments of the world arc fighting Soviet Russia! The French and British governments are going to send troops to kill Rus sian workers and peasants! "The United States government is sending munitions to help Poland! "The United States government is lending money to Poland and the capitalist governments of Europe to shoot down Russian workers! "Hungary and Roumania are to be armed by the Allies and sent against Soviet Russia! "WORKERS OF THE UNITED STATES WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO ABOUT IT? "THE CAPITALIST GOVERNMENTS OF THE WORLD ARE DE TERMINED TO CRUSH SOVIET RUSSIA, BECAUSE IT IS A GOV ERNMENT OF THE WORKING CLASS! "But the class-conscious working class of Europe is standing by Soviet Russia. "British, French, Italian, German and Austrian workers are refusing to load munitions and move trains carrying war supplies against Soviet Russia! "THROW DOWN YOUR TOOLS! CALL A GENERAL STRIKE! "SHOW THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT YOUR POWER! "SHOW YOUR CLASS SOLIDARITY! "STAND BY SOVIET RUSSIA! "Down with all the capitalist governments of the world! "Down with the capitalist government of the United States! "Long live the Communist workers and peasants of Poland! "Long live Soviet Russia! "THE UNITEDCOMMUNIST PARTY OF AMERICA." Such is the exhibit being circulated widely throughout the , country by the Society, in order to obtain the funds necessary to organize its strike-breaking units. And in case the supply of mat ter fall short, the Society issues an appeal to its members to send to it copies of printed matter issued by agitators or radicals (when is a radical not an agitator, or an agitator not a radical?) pro claiming un-American principles. But the supreme jest of it all is revealed when we read the motto of the Society, proudly em blazoned appropriately across the blank contribution form. It reads: "National Welfare Forbids Class Privilege." In this, The Toiler heartily agree with the Society, and assure them we are doing our utmost to abolish thectess privilege that their clients enjoy. A classless society is our aim; and in a classless society there can be no class privilege. We would, however, confer upon many of the members of the Society the privilege of going to work. And it is the dread apprehension of thut ever happening, we are inclined to believe, which inspires t lie membership to con tribute so readily to the Society's fund. Z N A N .) E South Slavic Weekly For Rates Address 117 1 1 Weat 22 Street Chicago. III. THE IRISH PEOPLE For Workers of Irish Birth 262 West 23 SI n et New York City THE TOILER PAGE 3. EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE TOILER llillilillllllil lliliEJliiiiiiiiiinii lllllllfllipllM The Revolution at Kronstadt The True Story of the Kronstadt Rebel TRANSLATION ton as Told in the "Petrograd Pravda". BY MILKER. What actually took place in Kron stadt and Petrograd in the beginning of March? I am in an advantageous position to giil to the readers of "The Toiler" the true story of the situation. I have received the "Pet rograd Pravda' of March 2, 3 and 4, 1921. So my tiuty now is: not. to write the story but to translate and connect the news, reports and de crees in regards the "mutiny." In the issue of March 2 there is nothing in relation to the "uprising," so I have to begin with the issue of March 3, where we find the first news. A Leader in the "Petrograd Prav da" of March 3, 1921, reads "Revolution in Danger." "Since the end of last month among the toilers of Petrograd an increased propaganda was carried an for the Constituent Assembly by the gentle Socialist-Revolutionists, taking advantage of the increasing iilliculues in supplying food and "fuel. Behind the democrates stood outspoken white guards, developing open 'pogrom' (massacre) and black hundred agitation. "We always pointed out that the agitation for 'the Constituent As sembly hv the S. R-s. lays the road to the rule by the reactionary war clique and the Dictatorship of the generals. "That is how it happened. "In Kronstadt, part of the marines let themselves be led astrair by the agitation of the S. R-s., and after a day since the beginning of the commotion, an exczaristic general appeared on the scene, raising open mutiny against the. Soviet rule. "Let us remember, when in 1013 the S. R-s. overthrew the Soviet rule in the Volga valey and in Siberia, the rule of the Comtaittee of the Constituent Assembly was npt of long duration, the government of the democrats was ended by their ally, the Czar's general Kolchak. "Similar experiments were done by the S. R-s. on the North and South in Russia, -and with this same result. However, our democrats have not learnod the lessons yet of the last years of the Russian Revolution, they are still attempting to look for luck anew, and this time ' they set their hand on Red Petrograd. "The S. R-s. gave an ex-general the opportunity to get hold of Kron stadt, the agitation of the S.-Rs. became he gate, thru which directly stepped in ( counter-revolution. "Revolution in danger! Thru mis leading and betrayal the enemy cap tured one of the foreposts of the revolution, from which the Red Ban ner had never been lowered! The re action of the S. R-s. and the gen erals's have their hopes on the first city of the Russian Revolution: Red Petrograd. "Taking hold of it counter-vevolu-tionists think to become the head of the Soviet Republic and carry their dirty work to triumphant conclu sion. "Our enemies, however, are mis taken in their rekonning. They for got, that the workers of. the RcJ Capital know how to defond their achievements and finish with the mutineers. "Red Petrograd lias seen harder days. In the Summer of 1919 Yude nitch marched on Petrograd, when Finlnnd threatened us with war. The traitor succeeded in eapturing the fort dominating Kronstadt-Krasnaya Gorka, but it did not remain long i;i their hands, the workers of Petro grad smoked out the counter-revolutionists from there. "But at that time we had to fight not only with traitors at our back, but to beat back enemies on in numerable fronts. "Will not Soviet Russia now, de feating its enemies, be able to render impotent a gang of bandits, taking advantage of our economic difficulties to deliver a treacherous blow to the workers republic? "The Cry: "Revolution in Dang er'" always gathered the working masses under our glorious banner, stained in the blood of jnrrtnnerable sons of the toiling pulacc, dying for the workers and peasants. 4 "The workers of Petrograd know how to defend their city in incom parably hurdcr moments, when thev had to beat back on all sides the attacking white guards, they will not surrender their city to the ene my now, after a triumphant terminn Hon of the ftruggle with the white guards. "Tens of thousands of worker did iot parish on tty fronts, fighting against the white generals, to give up the achievement tion without struggle. No, this shall not happen! The Aew adventure of the nation's enem as lamentably to tacks of their pi es will end just them as the at ede-'cssors." Wish LathereH the Thot. The bourgeois uress made much noise about the st tion in Danger!" I ing wish, that once tion be put in dan every word that hii tion is taken for : lying slogan, the cjall to arms, .used by the Petrograd taken as a cry in This is why they tolp us: see, the Com munists themselves tion is in danger, do we need? These silly bourgeois scribes pick up anything to prove their wish, and givtj it to the reading I of the revolu- itcment "Revolu i their, all-obscur-Eor all the revolu- er and destroyed, ted in that direc- fcranted. The ral- Communists, is fear and agony. say the revolu- what other proof public as a fact, a Now, let us see happening. Jiow the "revolu tion" happened, where it originated and who were its promoters. "The Governme nt's Communica tion "A new white surection of ex-gdneral Koslovsky and the battleship guard plot. "In- "I'etropavlovsk." ("Petfograd Pravda, ' March 3, 21). ' "Already on the( IP. of February, 1921 in he Paris newspaper "Utro" (The Morning) appeared a telegram from Helsingfors of the 11 of Feb ruary, stating that in Kronstadt had broke out an insurection of Ine marines against the Soviet rule. The French counter-espionage went a lit tle ahead of the tidings. A few days after the certain, set, date the events actually began, expected and, beyond doubt, prepared by the French counter-espionage. In Kronstadt and Pet rograd appeared white guard leaf lets. At the time of arrests the dir ecting spies were caught. At the same time the right S. R-s. began intensified agitation among the work ers, taking advantage of the diffi cult food and fuel situation. "On the 28 of February in Kron stadt commenced a commotion on the'- battleship ..rsyjaviovsk". A black hundrcd-S.-R. resolution was adopted. On the 1 ' of March com motion on the "I'etropavlovsk" was revived. In a joini assembly a similar resolution was adopted. On the morning of Mareli 2 openly appeared on the scene a roup of the ex-.'jen-cral Kozlovsky (the overseer of Ar tillery). Ex-gencral Kozlovsky with three officers, whose names are not yet verified, came out in the role of mutiners. Under thier leadership were arrested Commisaire of the Bal tic fleet comrade RHizmin, chairman of the ronstadt Soviet, comrade Va silyef, and a, line of other respon sible individuals. "In this way the latest events are fully explained. Also this time behind the S. R-s. stood a czar's general. Taking all this into consideration the Soviet of Labor and Defence- de crees: 1) Ex-general Kozlovsky and his supporters are declared outlaws. 2) - The city of Petrograd and the province of I'etrograd are placed un der a state of siege. 3) The entire civil and military power, in the I'etrograd Fortified Region, is turned over to the Com mittee of Defence of Petrograd. Chairman of the Soviet of La bor and Defence. Ulijanof (Lenin). Chairman of the Revolutionary Soviet of War of the Republic. Trottky. Moscow. The Kremlin, 2 of March, 1921." "This declaration decree is fol lowed by a decree of the Petrograd Committee of Defense, putting the above quoted decree in practice ami is signed by Zinoviev, Lashevich and Avrof. "In the issue of, March 4 of the "Petrograd Pravda" appears a lead ing article whuh gives additional facts of the preliminary preparation and propaganda of the countor-revo-lution. In all previous plots the black hundreds canu' out with the slogan 'for the Constituent Assembly.' Now knowing they will get no followers on this slogan, anymore, the fol lowing was invented: Hail the So viet. Down with the Communists! The den and was not the con vening of the Assembly hut a 'free re-election of tlHj Soviets."' The same article point! out, that regard less of what slogan the S. R-s. have placed at the forefront, there is al ways a czar's general behind the scheme and the d-'reneh bourgeois government financls them all. This U verified by thj quotation of the facts from previous insUrections, they all began ia Remand for demo cracy; all were fromotcd and sup ported by the S. R-s. and in all a czar's general was found. Knowing all these things the great mass of the Russian toilers refuse to take them at their face value. The econ omic situation in Russia is hard and any promise of immediate relief finds ready listeners, but as soon as the question is submitted to general dis cussion, the Communist argument al ways proves to be the strongest and most convincing, and the sailors and soldiers turn against their mislead ing officers and throw them over board or behead thm." In the "Petrograd Pravda" of March 4, 1921, we find the following news item from Kronstadt: "According to the information reaching the Committee of Defence the picture in Kronstadt today is as follows: First of all began the di vision of butter and other supplies, cn the boats. "The leaders-in chief are general Kozlovsky, captain Burkser and of ficer Shirmanovsky. Besides this there were occasions, when sailors drew out officers from cabins and occupied same themselves. The chief tains of the insurection are encour aging the wavering sailors with pro misses that Finland is coming to their assistance, and that in Petro grad, if not today, then tomorrow, will be an insurrection." An interesting and informing brief article is published in the "Petrograd Pravda" of this same date. Trans lated in full it reads: "Provocation by the S. R-3. comes out in greater and greater clearness. Before us lies an 'extra edition' of the S. R-s. newspaper "Narodnoje Delo" (The National Affair) of the 28 of February, 1921. This news paper is 'published by the S. R-s. in Reval. It is the chief organ of the S. R-s., in it are articles by the "chairman of the Constituent As sembly'' Chernof, printed side by side with the productions of smaller and greater dignitaries. "The "extra edition" is devoted to the "events" in Petrograd. With yard size type is announced, that in all Russia there is now transpiring an in surection of the toiling populace against its oppressors, that 'the workers of Petrograd and Moscow are aroused against the Soviet rule.' That 'Vasilycv's Isle is in the hands of the insurectionists,' that 'Com munist collectives in Petrograd are mysteriously cut up;' that 'Trotzky flees from Moscow,' and 'on the streets of Moscow and Petrograd be tween workers and soldiers on one side and Communists on the other, are raging pitched battles' and si milar nonsense. "At the conclusion is printed ar; article under the title "At the Op portune Moment," which begins with the words: 'Accor-iplished.' 'Before our eyes commence to visualize in all its glory and power the real sec ond of March national revolution, the vy 'hail the Constituent Assembly' became the battle cry of the awaken en revolutionary toiling mass.' "Notice: all this was written be fore the mutiny ii Kronstadt. Count-es-spies of the French "Okhrana" (Russian word for political police), apparently, forestatcd their own pre pared provocation. "We can imagine, with what pleas ure the merchants, bankers and pen sioned generals and "Okhraniks" liv ing on the mercy of the French bourse, accepted the announcement of the S. R-s., that 'the Communist collectives in Petrograd are myste i iously cut up.' Tears of joy mingled with smiles of pleasure and content run down the faces of the black hundreds. "Provocateurs of the S. R-s. built themselves a negt under the roof of M10 Ruthonian bourgeoisie in Reval and from there carry on bribery and provocation. "Wbrkers, learn! Think, whose uffnirs are promoted by the S. R-s.! "Who for the revolution, is with usl Who is for counter-revolution, goes with the S. R-s. and the czar's generals!" Having these facts and explana tions before us. we can sum-up the case of the aborted revolt as follows: Schemed and orifriiatd in Paris; worked out in detail in Reval; car ried into practice by Soatalist-Revo- lutionists and .the funerals f the ex-czar, it met its just reward at the hands of the true Communist soldiers of the Red Army and the Proletariat of Red Petrograd! LONDON AND SEATTLE. The difference between them is one of degree of h'tnger. When Seattle, or any other large American City, becomes as hungry as London, the pic ture presented of London in the letter below will be duplicated here eyea tp the use of police clubs and more! 200. Also, a Millionaires Club is put ting up a fair meal for five cents, feeding about 700 per day. Any one that wants to eat can get it by playing all of the soup houses regular and patrons are coming in from all over the country. Cassidy. AT PHOENIX FROM LONDON, ENGLAND. London, March 24, 1921. Dear Comrades: Am writing you a few words about what have I seen during one day in London, England: 1. There was a great demonstra tion of unemployed. I cannot toll you how many thousands participaied. More than one thousand various signs were carried. The police, with clubs, were beating women and young girls upon their heads. I could not look at such acts committed upon hungry poor women who were look ing for work. 2. In the evening a great mass meeting was held. About 25,000 work ers were present. Two flags were displayed, Union Jack and ours (Red Flag); workers removed the Union Jack; fight began and thereby meet ing was stopped. 3. Communist papers are being sold at every store, and it is hard to obtain one for they are immedi ately sold. 4. Haye seen Krassin and asked him whether Great Britain has es tablished trade relations with Soviet Russia; he said, "Yes" and that in ten days a Soviet Envoy will come to London, furthermore he said that Poland has signed peace with Soviet Russia. Your Comrade Wasil Holyk. The capitalist press does not keep us informed about the real situation in old Europe; about the discontent which prevails in the capitalistic countries. However, no ink or paper is being spared to tell us stories and lies about the downfall of Soviet Russia. Great Britain, the castle of world imperialism, is shaking. The worm Unemployment, is eating the very root of capitalist society the world over. German uprisings and the Miners strike in England may bring the unexpected. The world proletarian Revolution sweeps on its way! ARIZONA. What would our gentlement, Yel low Socialists, Social Patriots and Opportunists, advise the workers to do in such unbearable conditions ?-r- probably, "Wait four years till a new election comes"!!! M. Lojan. FROM SEATTLE, U. S. A. Comrades: In regards to the unemployment in Seattle, Wash., it is a hard pro position to figure out but will give you what I have learned. Population of Seattle is 315,000. It is estimated that in normal times the employed number 75,000. Present unemployed approximately 30,000. The capitalist paper estimates 18,- 000 1st- of March they apparently would keep it as low as possible. Labor Temple Unemployment Or ganization is going to the farmers Grange and gathering potatoes, car rots, parsnips and cabbage and giv ing it out to the married men and women with children. 8,000 unem ployed are registered. A soup kitchen is giving one good meal a day to single men, feeding 800 per day and from all indications is supported by the Chamber of Com merce. Salvation Army is feeding 400 per day. Home Mission feeding 500 per day. These two Organizations are sup ported by the well to do and the business men. There is also a Restaurant here that gives a bowl of soup and bread and butter between 2 and 4 in the afternoon to its full seating capacity, (Special Correspondence). "The town where the sun always shines" is a gloomy place for the workers these days. 30,000 Mexican cotton pickers were brought in here from over the border some time ago. The cotton growers have all gone broke and the Mexicans in a number of cases were not paid their last months' fortnight's wages. Thou sands of these Mexicans are living in the open with their families and literally starving to death. The Build ing Trades Council here opened a food kitchen at the Labor Temple and fed them and forced into the public eye a condition the plutes and the press here were trying to cover up. They are being gradually sent back. The building trades here are at an almost absolute standstill. Thousands of building workers are idle. There seems to be no immediate prospect of even a little pick up in that line. Stores and other distributive agen cies are laying off help ; the tourists are leaving; five banks in the county "went flewie" these past few weeks. Unless you can live on sand and sun jthis is a good place to keep away from. In the surrounding towns things are even worse if that were possible. The copper mines which are the industrial base in this state are closing down flat. The World War Veterans organized an Auxiliary here. The Organizer was arrested before he was in tc?m- six hours, at the instigation of an Anti-Socialist stool who has been operating here. Results, a large crowd of unemployed attended trial. Or ganizer was dismissed. The stool squelched and warned by the judge not to try to start anything. Five others arrested charged with selling Communist literature etc. some at the complaint of the "Stool", others led by a D. of J. agent. All cases thrown out, D. of J. agent not to be found at trials. The story of the Russian Revolu tion is being got to the workers here and they assimilate it with avidity. The releasing of those arrested shows how the powers here are read ing the barometer of workir:g clasa discontent. The Workers here are rapidly acknowledging that the Dic tatorship of the Capitalist muse be overthrown. An effecive literature and mouth to ear educational cam paign is being waged here bv the vanguard. X X SI X X S V nr3 u PRAVDA Bohemian (Czechoslovak) Week ly Organ of Uncompromising Socialism. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: $2 per Year; Six Months $1. Single Copies 5c; Bundle Or ders 50 to 100 copies 4o each; 100 copies or more 3c per copy. Address PRAVDA 1423 W. lth Str., Chicago, III. :(sv. lllltllllll S. Francisco & Oakland Workers! TAKE NOTICE! WORKERS of the World, UNITE! -AT THE- INTERNATIONAL LABOR W CELEBRATION AND PICNIC SUNDAY, MAY 1, 1921 EAST SHORE PARK NEAR RICHMOND CONTRA COST Ol'N'TY Auspices INTERN ATION U. WORKERS' Ml SIC AL SOCIETY P PI SPEAKING, SINGING. DANCING, REFRESHMENTS, ETC Proceeds to "THE TOILER" and Defense Claw War Prisoners ' ADMISSION 25c. Take S. 1'. Oikland boat, trai.i to Albanv. an Pnblo ve. car to Park