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OHIO STA'l .
UNIVERSITY APR 2 3 1921 iUBRARY H H SHI 1 HHHh H H B lH Hril Tl issmsil H 1 NO. 168. R. R. Workers Lose National Agreements! U. S. Board Denies Retention of National Working Agree, ments and Substitutes 16 Principles for Basis of Conferences of Men and Individual Roads. CLEVELAND, OHIO, SA RDAY, APRIL 23, 1921. PRICE FIVE CENTS. Following a somewhat similar line of action to that of the British gov ernment in its return of the mines to the private control of the owners, the U. S. Railroad Labor Board has abrogated the national agreements between the workers and the owners of the roads. The date set for the expiration of the agreements is July 1. Whether the plans of the Board will result in the Millenium con templated remains to be' seen. The negotiations of the mien and owners before the Board which have con tinued since the roads were returned to private control March 1, 1920 have resulted in this significant ac tion of. the Board. The workers' win nings in the negotiations consist to date only of the wage award. In the matter of the retention of the na tional working agreements for which the workers and counsel have labored unremittingly, they have lost. The railroad owners have won the stra tegic point of dealing individually with the unions upon a basis of "16 principles" to which they cannot be greatly opposed. Of the 16 principles, several deal with "honest service", the "sDirit of co-operation", "economic operation", the "maintenance of discipline" etc., etc., all of which is conducive to a smothly running, profit creating machine for the owners. .About all that the owners could desire in "good" employees is contained in these 16"principles". Will the workers accept them in fact? Can they accept them? Will the class interests of millions of workers on the railroads permit them under these 16 principles to continue any length of time to work and render profits to the owners? That is the question which time will ans wer. In view of what is going on in the world pf work, it can be said that sooner or later the 16 principles will be reduced to a slogan "Work ers' Control". We shall see. WORKERS COUNCIL DEMANDS UN EMPLOYMENT RELIEF. Philadelphia, Pa., April 7, 1921. To the Editor: The Soldiers, Sailors and Workers Council of Philadelphia, having ad opted the enclosed resolution, is for warding it to the unions of the Country so that it may be acted upon unitedly by all the workers. It is also being sent to all the work ing class papers in the country so that it may receive publicity and im- Dllo Ineserfous unemployment situation and the desperate condi tion of those out of work and their families, who are actually facing starvation, we feel that this unem ployment wage is of paramount im portance. Workers of other Coun tries have already acted and are now being paid by their governments when not working. If we workers of America do not also unite and act, the capitalists will us the million? of hungry unemployed to eri'sh our organizations and force upon us an unlivable wage. We ask that you publish this re solution, and the letter if you wish, with the request that any unions acting upon the resolution will at once r , 'tfy I'h' undersigned. Fraternally, L. W. BELZ, Corresponding Secretary, Workers, Soldiers and Sailors Council 3051 N. 9th St., Philn., Pa. RESOLUTION "WHEREAS, we workers gave our support to the late war, only due to the fact that we sincerely believed, as the Government then stated, that the war was being fought for demo cracy, and the betterment of our con dition as workers; "AND WHEREAS, instead of the betterment of our conditions, we workers Who' fctigfct - the war and produced in order that it might be brought to a successful end, are now brought to .the condition where we can hardly buy our daily bread due to the fact that the employers have seen fit to -throw us unemployed into the streets, and have cut thewages of those few whom they still allow to work; "AND WHEREAS the State has h Mffe jm I "I l LIBERTY 'INCARCERATING' THE WORLD! Organizing the Left Wing of Labor By C. P. JACKSON. The history of the left wing in the Labor movement of America is a vivid. picture of failure, discourage ment and dispalr. To-day, Labor is helpless, its influence nil. The vicious servile leadership of the 'A. F. of L. reduces the working class in the United States to impotence and in action. Capitalist dominion apparent ly is as solid as the rock of Gibral tar. This situation is by no means due to the absence of revolutionary element in the ranks of Labor; for, done nothing to alleviate the condi-; unquestionably, there are at least 3,- tion of the unemployed, but on the other hand has used the forces of the State to protect the interests of the employers of labor in their attempt to crush the organizations of the workers; "WE WORKERS, in meeting as sembled, therefore demand that the Congress of the United States pass such a law as will fix a tax upon all employers of labor, such as will raise a sufficient sum to pay to every unemployed worker in the United States Ten Dollars a week." What's the Matter With Your Job? Have you got a job? If not, why not? Are you one of the five million out of work? Do you belong to the big Army of the Unemployed, which is grow ing every day? Have you a wife and children, and all of you hungry? Isnt something wrong when 5, 000,000 working people can be kicked into the streets and left to starve or beg? During the war, they had plenty of work for us. They had us shoot ing men or making ammunition and guns to shoot them with. We made BILLIONS OF PROFIT FOR THE BOSSES while the war was on. So they let us work. But when the war enme to an end, the work stopped. There weren't any for eign markets for our goods. And American workers esn't buy back everything they produce, with the wages they earn. The rest is the profit of the bosses. So we were laid off. Thy told us the boys were kil led in Europe so that we would al ways have "democracy and prosperi ty." Now we're getting that prosperity tramping the streets, looking for work I There's no use jroing to another town. Wherever you go, you see the sign: NO HELP WANTED 1 That means US! They want a big army of unem ployed, so they con reduce wages and lengthen the hours of those still on the job. They want to use us as SCABS when there is a strike. The best they can give us now are soup .kitchens, bread lines, cast off clothing and Salvation Army barracks to sleep in! With a job nowhere in sight! That's OUR share in the war profits? Of course, the bosses don't care. The government doesn't care. Why should they? They say it isn't their business to take care of us. IT'S UP TO US TO MAKE IT THEIR BUSINESS! , Five million of us certainly ought to know what to do. WE WANT WORK. LET US DE MAND WORK! Let us demsnd.thst the shops be opened. Then we can have work. Let us demand that working hours be shortened, with no lowering of wage. Then all the unemployed can get a Job. - Let us demand that the govern ment pay the unemployed worker s decent living wage. The unemployed of England and Germany forced 'their governments to grant them an (Continued on page 4.) 000,000 people in sympathy with the idea of the abolition of the capitalist system. There are at least 300,000 determined for the overthrow of capitalism. The proportion of rebel lious workers is far greater than the influence they exert upon the ac tual affairs of the country. This condition in the Labor rrtove; ment is due to various important facts in the Labor history of this country. The main reason, however, is ths unrealistic and foolish tactics employed by the class-conscious mili tants toward the working class, and especially toward organized Labor. It is almost an axiom for American radicals to withdraw or refuse to participate in the work of conser vative unions. It is their practice to build new unions on the basis of "pure theory and according to ap proved blue prints." Whenever they actually do participate and agitate within the conservative unions, they do so as individuals, without or ganizing themselves on a local, in dustrial or national scale. Gompers and Co.'s machine, being a well cen tralized organism and operating on a large scale, could easily dispose of all these attempts. As a result, we have a bagful! of independent unions, usually the product or reorganiza tions, splits and expulsions from the unions by ths Labor fakers. We have the militants of industrial unionism! the I. W. W. and others, segregated in self-sufficient "pure" industrial unions etc. They have foolishly Vemoved themselves from all possibility of influencing the con servative laboring masses, when they have left to the guidance and direc tion of the Labor fakers, o be dealt with as the fakers please. As a con sequence, we find, that, although to day there is evory reason why unions should have become more militant organizations, capable of vigorous action in protecting their interests, organised Labor in ths United States, under ths leadership of ths A. F. of his domain is firopre danger than"' dftterferfoir-ttte outs L., is among the weakest in the world. Gompers, consequently, may well be satisfied, since trouble inside v iftmnrn dancprnus outside. Nothing could better characterize the falsity of the position taken by the militants toward the labor union question than the following state ment by Losovsky, Secretary of the International Council of Red Trade and Industrial Unions. "The representatives of the I. W. W. held the opinion that the Amer ican Federation of Labor was an in vincible fortress. The only thing to do was to abandon it and set up a separate organization outside of it. They further asserted that the re actionary character of the American Federation of Labor was bound up with its very structure, and to think of fighting the treacherous policy of Gompers inside the unions was a Utopia. All this evidence of tha in vincibility of the trade union bureau cracy created a curious impression. On the one hand, these comrades were preparing to bring about a social revolution in their country; i. e., they calculated on overthrowing the powerful American capitalist class with its excellently organized State apparatus, and in its place to set up the power of the working class and, on the other hand, they speak of Gompers with such holy horror as if to drive Gompers and the other traritors out of the trade unions was a much more difficult task than overthrowing the mighty capitalist class of America. The American comrades were clearly il logical, for it is ridculous to think that it is possible to bring about a social revolution in Western Europe without or in spite of the . trade unions. To leave the unions and to set up small independent unions is an evidence of weakness, it is a policy of despair, and, more than that, it shows lack of faith in the working class." It is interesting to note with what vigor Lenin denounces such tactics. "It is this absurd "theory" of no participation by the Communists in reactionary trade unions that de monstrates most clearly how light mindedly these 'Left' Communists regard the question of Influence over the 'masses'; how they contradict their own complaints about the 'mas ses.' To help tho 'masses' and to gain their sympathy, confidence and support, one must brave all diffi culties, attacks, insults and persecu tions at the hands of the bureau crats fwho, being opportunists and social-chauvinists, are, in most cases, directly pr indirectly connected with the bourgeoisie and the police), and to work, by every possible means, whewvev the awaee .are to be found.' Great sacrifices must be mads, great obstacles be overcome, in order to carry on agitation and propaganda systematically, stubbornly, persist ently and patiently in all institutions, societies and associations where pro letarians or semi-proletarians gather. "A greater lack of sense and more harm to the revolution than this at titude of the 'Left' revolutionaries cannot be imagined. , Why, if we in Russia, after two and a half years of incredible victories over the Rus sian bourgeoisie and the Entente, had demanded that entrance into the Trade Unions must be conditional upon the 'acceptance of the dictator ship,' we should have committed a stupid act, impaired our influence (Continued on ipalgc 3.) Political Heresy and Workers Defense. By EDGAR OWENS. Fifteen months have passed since the "red raids" fifteen months wherein the mask of hypocricy has been stripped from the face of Cap italist Society and exposed it, a ruthless, vindictive monster of bared fang and unsheated claw. Political heresy is the crime of crimes and he who questions the sacredness of the Established Order does so at his peril. ESPIONAGE PROSECUTIONS. The Espionage Act was passed as emergency war-time legislation. Its ostensible purpose was to discourage the activities of enemy agents. But in its application it has teeth only for the militant workers. A survey of Espionage prosecutions reveals the fact that the spokesmen of the work ing class men and women who r? fused to close their eyes to the facts of the class struggle in war as in 'peace" were about the only ones against whom its power was levied. CRIMINAL SYNDICALISM. The Espionage Act is emergency war-time legislation. With the com ing of the "peace" it automatically ceased to exist. But that does not mean that government loses its op pressivness. ' The form is merely changed; the substance remains. For, taking advantage of the war-time hysteria, state after state enacted so-called Criminal Syndicalist laws. And these laws are permanent. They are designed to accomplish in "peace" what the Espionage Act accomplished in war. And under these state laws the prosecutions continue with un abated vindictiveness. In California Reed and Ragsdale go to trial May 15th charged with being Communists. Others have al ready been pronounced guilty there for the ' same "crirll". In Southern Illinois Hewlett and Carr will be tried early this spring. The big Chi cago Communist case in which twen ty men were found guilty for "con PASSAGE TO RUS SIA STOPPED. New York, April 14. An amusing condition has resulted here in con nection with the recent decision of the Russian Soviet Government not to allow any person from America to enter Soviet Russia whose pass port has not been vised by the Soviet representatives in the United States. The representative of Latvia in the United States, John J. Kalnin, in formed the Immigration Commission er today that the government of Lat via, which had previously been per mitting persons to pass through his territory to Soviet Russia, had agreed with the Soviet Government not to do so in future, as the Soviet Gov ernment has stated it would refuse to allow them to enter. The position taken by the Soviet Government, it was explained, was that, bs the United States refused to recognize it, the Soviet Govern ment also exercised its privilege of not recognizing the right of persons traveling from America to enter its territories without the proper cre dentials. This means that, unless the United States perrrtlts Soviet Rus sian consuls to exercise their func tions here and that' would be equi valent to recognition no one can leave for Russia frith any hope of getting there. Hi is has alresdy held up the departure of 35 deportees whom the authorities were just ready to ship. BRITISH MINERS' STRIKE-WHAT ITS ABOUT. "Nationalization", that's what the Miners' strike in Britain means. It s the latest step in the long fight of the miners for a new system of ownership of one of the basic in dustries. What do British miners mean by "nationalization"? They mean this according to Frank Hodges, miners' leader: The basis of the miners' whole scheme rests on our demand that the mines as well as the minerals must be national property, public property. The coal and the mines must be na tional assets, but the government must by no means operate the mines or have the controlling voice in de termining production or controlling the industry." The miners have planned a Na tional Mining Council, half of whose members would be appointed from the Miners' Federation. The other half would be comprised of technical and commercial experts, and mem bers of Parliament representing tho public. The Federation proposes 15 district councils, operating under the supervision and in .conformity with the policy of the national council to carry out policies determined upon. Pit and colliery committees would deal with local problems and work ing conditions. It is thru these com mittees that the mass of the work ers would find expression. While the matter of wages is up for settlement, the main issue hinges upon the question of instituting this system of mine ownership and con trol for the present one of private ownership." The decision of the government to release the mines to the control of the private owners precipated the present war. The miners have accepted the gov ernment's challenge knowing that to take the step now from government, control to nationalisation is a far shorter one than from private oon- tcBSkBLI 'SI sssssssb spiring to advocate the overthrpw of ranrintr from one to five years wttTr W toatofc- go to the Supreme Court on appeal in August. In New York, Larkin, Gitlow, Winitsky, Ruthenberg and Ferguson, all splendid types of mili tant working class spokemen, are in prison under sentence of from five wwn -r- .1. r Vi to ten years, rne cases oi jacs bar ney and J. O. Bentallaro pending before the Federal Appelate Court. Thus from coast to coast, the slimy trail of a monster Capitalism is strewn with class war victims. DEPORTATION. Arrest of "alien" workers goes on constantly. The ferocity that marked the discredited Palmer method is no longer employed. The rounding up like wild beasts of thousands 'of men and women whose arcnt indicated them to be foreigners was too crude to get away with. The appearance of persecution must be avoided. Now the arrests are made in the less spec tacular way of one or two at a time This does not attract so much atten tion and can therefore be made more effective. WHAT CAN BE DONE. The class struggle has been taken to the courts. Our comrades must be furnished with an adequate defense, Cases under conviction must be ap pealed. Where we are able to furnish a proper defense more than 90 of the deportation cases are dismissed. There is urgent need for relief of families of class war victims. This is the workers' fight. The workers must see it through. The workers The miners are not demanding So cialism, Communism, but only a mo dified form of Capitalism the ca pitalist State would still exist. TRIPLE ALLIANCE WEAKENS. The strike of the Triple Alliance hi support of the miners which was scheduled to take place last Friday has been recalled. Last moment con ferences of the leaders decided to not call out the railroaders and transport workers. Reports show great dissatisfaction among the rank and file for this action. A resolution adopted by 8,000 rail road workers at Cardiff repudiates the leaders' actions in failing to sup port the miners in a show down with the government. The resolution de mands a delegate conference of all parties of the Triple Alliance and all other unions which are prepared to take independent action to for mulate a strike policy to be put into effect without fail. must Mot desert their comrades. Let you who read this place a dol lar bill in an envelope and send it to the NATIONAL DEFENSE COM MITTEE. If you can spare more send it on. Your imprisoned comrades look to you for help in this, their day of need. Make remittances to Edgar Owens, Sec'y Treasurer, and mail to The National Defense Committee Room 303, 166 W. Washington Str. Chicago, Illinois. VERY SPECIAL "MAY 1st" EDITION APRIL 30. ORDER NOW lc per copy. The Open Shop-Modern Return to Slavery . ROBERT MINOR. Cartoonist, Writer and World Traveler WILL SPEAK AT REMENEYS HALL WOODLAND AND E. 55th ST., CLEVELAND, O. APRIL. 26, 8 F. M. Admission free An "Open Shop Drive" is now going on in the United States for the purpose of destroying Labor Unions and reducing workers snd their families to poverty and helplessness. The araaxing system of strike breakers, spies and provocstors maintained by employers In fsetories snd in unions will be exposed, by the speaker. Unemploy ment, labor-bsiting, union-bresking snd wage-cutting as a result of the World War! Why the great bsnkers of New York blocked trade with Russis, threw the conntry into unemployment and started the Open Shop Drive to bresk the labor Unions! IF YOU WANT TO KNOW, COME! MINOR WILL SPEAK AT AKRON, APRIL 17th st CARPEN TER'S HALL, 44 E. MARKET tnd CANTON APRIL 28th AT CAN TON MUSIC HALL. . Auspices NATIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEE. 0 1 'lllHflli i ii slBBlrlBrV Ln -J