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"We should and must construct Commun ist Society, not out of fantastic notions, but from such materials as are at hand." i Lenin. NO. 184. Communist International Warns World's Work ers Of Capitalist Intrigue To Trick Russia. REACTIONARIES READY TO UNDERMINE WORK ERS' RULE THRU FAMINE RELIEF MEASURES. CLEVELAND, OHIO, SAfjgRDAY. AUGUST 13, 1921. PRICE FIVE CENTS. Workers Urged To Demand No Political Infringement. London. The Daily Herald has re ceived by wireless the following of ficial manifesto to the Workers of the World from the Executive Committee of the Third Internationale: "Soviet Russia is stricken by a great national calamity, similar to that which occured in 191. The great drought, continuing from March to June, has caused famine and distress in the Volga provinces, which former ly yielded 30 per cent, of the entire Russian harvest. Even seeds for the coming season are non-existent. Twen ty million people are threatened with hunger and death. Not only this, but also next year. Famine is inevitably accompanied by disease, which is mowing down the already weakened people. "All these blows fall upon Soviet Russia at the moment when she is exhausted and well-nigh ryined by seven years of imperialist and civil wars ; when she is as yet unable either to supplement the people's economic struggle by new forces or to remove old wreckage. Soviet Russia fought nd suffered for the entire interna tional proletariat. Her bleeding wounds she received in fighting the world's capitalism, not alone for the Russian revolutionary proletariat, but lso for the world's workers. "The capitalists of all countries, realizing this, have helped the Rus sian bourgeoisie to attack Russia, not only in an effort to save the profits formerly squeezed out of the Russian peov', but also to destroy the State wnich first raised the banner of the working class revolution, which be came a pillar of light indicating the way to the awakening masses of all countries. Attack Under the Mask of Charity", w .Xapftalto 3tat capitalist Governments will now attempt to make use of the famine in Russia after being defeated by the arms of the Red army and the struggle of the t1 HMA1AinH:A. it,..;., 1... r.uiuiJi.tn jiiuicuiiuu in imuu aaacm upon Russia to reorganize this at tack under the mask of charity and benevolence. Part of the capitalist press declares openly and cynically: 'Let the masses perish from famine if they will not rise against the Soviet Government.' The French Imperialist Government sends troops and muni tions io Poland to prepare a base for another attack on Soviet Russia, which shall start in at the moment of deep est distress. The French diplomats are endeavoring to involve Roumania, the Baltic States and the Little Entente in these criminal designs. "The English and American Gov ernments, which once vied with each other in' humanitarian phraseology, now pretend to know nothing about the misery of the Russian people. Half furtively, however, they promise help to Russia while hinting their readiness to realize their promise if Soviet Russia will allow her affairs to be mapaged by their nominees andrt those of the Russian counter-revolu' tionary bourgeoisie. This means that they want the Russian working class to permit in return for a crust of bread the organization of the counter revolution on Soviet soil; or, if the Russian working class refuses to cause rebellion, by starving the mas ses of proletarian men and women of the entire world. "Do not forget the blood of Russian workers and peasants shed for your sake. Do not forget the hunger which they have suffered these three years for the common working-class cause. Do not forget that counter-revolutionary attempts against the Russian proletariat are attempts against you. Prevent such designs by the world's capitalists. Nip them in the bud. Against Any Conditions of Relief. "The Communist Internationale in vites not only all Communist parties, Red trade unions and co-operators, but all honest workers, Irrespective of party, to force their respective Gov emments to understand that they will not tolerate preparations for a new war against Russia, and that they will not allow their Governments to make any conditions in helping Soviet Rus sia. "The Soviet Government, discarding all party and political considerations, has already Invited the assistance of the honest bourgeoisie parties, whole conscience and humanity have assert ed themselves. They unjlerstvid that the Soviet Government wishes to help all elements in distress and all sound laments in Russia are ready to co operate with it in combating the famine. "But it is not only a question of preventing counter-revolutionary de signs. The international proletariat must also give active help to the Rus sian masses. We know you are poor yourselves and have not surplus bread; but we also know that wher ever misfortune befalls a working family the poorest workers lelp more readily than the rich who indulge in philanthropy. "We appeal to all Communist par ties and Red trade unions, to all labor organizations and parties wishing to help the Russian people, to start work immediately. The time has come to show to whom international working class solidarity is a mere phrase and to whom it is deed and truth. Calls on World's Workers for Relief. "We suggest to the Communist par ties of all countries that they estab lish immediate connection with all labor organizations to create joint re lief committees with a view to col lecting money to purchase food and medicines. Every shipload of bread sent by workers' organizations Into the famine districts will stiffen the determination of Russian workers in their fight against famine. It will de monstrate practically to the suffering that they are not alone in the nard struggle against the capitalist world which seeks to profit by their hunger, but that there is mutual aid among the international working-class fami ly, which shares its last crust of bread with its suffering comrades. "To work, working men and women of all countries! To the great work of relieving the distressed in Soviet Russia! Long live international pro letariat solidarity! Long live Soviet Rwtrfn" " Relief Will Pave Way to Recognition Europe Works For Soviets. AMERICAN CAPITALISTS' DESIRE 'TANTALIZING ruit suviEis' fa i .i. is skk.n as ONE BASIS FOR RELIEF OFFER. By Laurence Todd Federated Press Staff Correspondent. CONTRACTS INVITE SCANDINAVIA TO GRANT RECOGNITION. By HELEN AUGUR, Federated Press Staff Correspondent. Humanity With a Proviso Herbert Hoover, Secretary of Com merce and head of the American Relief Administration, replied to Maxim Gorky's appeal for aid in re lieving the-famine that is stalking through Russia, by assuring Gorky of America's sympathy and promising help on certain conditions. These conditions are of such a na ture that when Hoover declares that the "whole American people" sub scribes to them, the American work ers enter a most vehement protest against his pretending to present the viewpoint of the American Workers at any time and at this time and in this matter in particular. The "whole American people" does not demand the release of the Amer icans held prisoners in Russia. The "whole American people" does not demand that the Relief Commission shall be given practically free hand to dispense charity in Russia. The workers of America declare that to make such conditions for as sisting the Soviet Government in re lieving the acute distress of the Rus sian people, is not only preposterous, but barbarous. They declare that any one who dares make such conditions speaks, not in the name of sympathy or humanity, but with the savagery that arose during the war and evidently has not yet vanished. The workers of Russia are starving. After seven years of war and three years of blockade, a drought has set in which has burnt up the crops. During the blockade years the peas ants could not procure the farming machinery necessary to carry on in tense agricultural work. Millions of workers were at the front, defending the Revolution against imperialist vultures that were fighting to over throw the Soviet power. Now, with no reserve to fall back on, with the soil gaping from the extreme drought, at least ten million people are threaten ed with famine. "Release my seven American citizens or I will starve your ten mil lion men, women and children!" To Hoover it is quite immaterial that some of these imprisoned American citizens have been engaged in direct counter-revolutionary work against the Soviet Government. One was a Red Cross worker, serving under General Wraftgel against Soviet Rus sia. Splendid occupation this, for a Red Cross worker! To Hoover it Is immaterial that what he demands Is that Soviet Run sia abrogate her laws to suit his, Hoover's, fancy! Hoover may forget, and the capital ist class that he represents may want to forget, but the workers of Amer ica will not forget that there are scores of Russians in American prisons, sent there because they dared to assert what Wilson openly but belatedly said, viz., that the war was a commercial war for commercial ad vantage. There are Russians in American prisons who were seized and arrested illegally. There are Russians who were brutally tortured and hounded out of this free land for daring to be patriotic for their native land! Nor does the American worker de mand that the Relief Commission shall operate at its own sweet will and according to its own pleasure. Soviet Russia is a sovereign 3tate. It is a government ofthe workers, with laws created by and for the workers. Into the American worker's head there is constantly being hammered the demand that he respect the law. The i.American worker now demands that, in aiding the workers of Russia, the Relief Commission shall respect the Russian law and abide by the regula tions of the Soviet authorities. Furthermore, although HooTer may not recognize it, his agreement that the Relief workers will not engage in political activity against the Soviet Government is a tacit admission that their record in this respect has not been too clean. Facts have incriminat ed them too often. The Soviet author ities state officially that the "Amer icans imprisoned in Russia have either been convicted of crimes against the laws of the country or are held as spies. Every case of an accusation is based on documents given irrefutable proof of guilt and on the confessions of the accused." In making the second-mentioned condition, Hoover is well aware that he is acting the hypocrito. He knows that the Society of Friends has been engaged in relief work in Russia for some time. They are not molested but are given every assistance to facilitate their work. ' He knows that all Russians are working as a unit In tjiis crisis. Party lines have vanished as far as relief is concerned. Communists, Cadets, Mo derate Socialists, Tolstoyans, promi nent public men of all shades of opinion and literary men havo formed a single body to save the starving children, (Continued on page 2.) GENERAL STRIKE IMMINENT IN SAN FRANCISCO REBELLIOUS WORKERS ORGANIZE FOR SHOW DOWN AGAINST BOSSES AND GENERAL STRIKE IS AGITATED. By JAY G. ARR. (Special to "The Toiler") San Francisco and the Bay Cities are in the throesof a bitter labor warfare, a fight that bids 'fare to in nihilate the aspirations of one of the contending parties. Capital is busy pushing the "open shop" fight into the enemy's territory, and Labor is resisting the attack with the grim de termination of one battling for its very existence. The fight here has reached a crisis. The marine workew are demoralized. The Sailors' Union Has been split wide open. The vast majority of the mem bership, seeing the fruits of victory fading into space are sorely disil lusioned and are groping helplessly in the air for some wise Moses to lead them out of the bondage that they find themselm rapidly slipping into. Andv Furuseth, their kindly Moses of yesterday, has just reached the citv in the vain hope of saving the pieces, but his task is hopeless. The union has split three ways, the majority are on the point of joining the One Big Union and the I. W. W., while a pitiable minority is staying with the sinking ship hoping against hope that its rotten and battered timbers will weather the storm. For the want of a militant leader with vision and ability, to hold the member ship intact in whatever course of ac tion it takes the union's outlook looks hopeless. While the Seamen's strike looks hopeless and weak, the building trades' lockout is developing a germ that may spread ruthlessly as a plague and eat into the heart of the "open shop" fight and send the Chamber of Commerce scattering. A big job, I'll agree, but look! ?o me the poten tial ies are indeed promising when from out of a boil ridden organize tion a rank and fill movement springs up and shouts in the teeth of its "Ston. JWt dllly dallying tactics are sending us headlong along n. f distructton. Step (town on vour high percheJwd clear the docks, , rt,u fight !l OK 'Knli r"" and file's. You We divided us too a,. wilt vou! United we 1011 " IS I tf (n,t divided wejlall one by one! This insurgentlproup has organised itself within the building trades. They call themselves the Conference Com mittee of the Building Trades Unions of the Bay District. They have come out flatfooted and have challenged the right of the reactionary labor of ficials to control the destinies of the rank and file. They have issued u call to all members of the building trades to recognize them as the only ones capable of turning defeat into victory, and to date they are succeeding ad mirably. For The General Strike. Listen to one of their appeals. It breathes the spirit of a new militant labor movement in this country. "....Systematically, they (the capit alists) have attacked craft after craft in city after city, and have WON EVERY ONSLAUGHT. ". . .The attacks have been launched against every workers' organization by a ONE BIG UNION OF BUSI NESS. Against it we are opposing our separate, crafts one at a time. AND ALL ARE GOING TO DE FEAT. (Capitals theirs.) "Our unions, our only means of defense, are a hangover in form from the days of small industry and isolated crafts. THEY ARE BEING LICKED Washington. Formal notification by Herbert Hoover to Walter L. I w ... - . . I Brown, European director of the American Relief Administration, to proceed from London to Riga to open negotiations with the Russia govern ment for American famine relief work in Russia is assumed here to mark the turning of the tide of Amer ican official policy toward Russia. Thus far the American government has attacked Russia's working class republic from without. Its attacks have resulted only in the unification of revolutionary Russia behind the Communist administration to defy ail foreign invasions. Now conies the great opportunity to undermine the Communists from within Russia, through the distribu tion of food and medicines to millions of famine sufferers through Amer ican agents. Whatever the plans of Hoover, his following contains great numbers of people who count upon him to some how spring a surprise attack on the Moscow government which will de stroy the only non-capitalist regime in any considerable country on earth. However, it must be assumed that Lenin and Kameneff are likewise bearing in mind the political work of Hoover's organization, and are pre paring to see that Hoover's pledge to abstain from propaganda against the Russian government is faithfully ob served. Beginning of Good Will. Vast quantities of American food stuffs and medicines and clothing will now be gathered by the American Relief Association and shipped to Russia for distribution. Appeals in the name of common humanity will be issued, the effects of years of pro paganda of inhumanity and hatred townrd" Yhe Russians most "oe come, and gradually the whole-heatred American nation must be mobilized to give to save the Russian people from a" calamity which could easily have been met had not the United States and its allies blockaded the Russian people for the past four years. The quick release of American prisoners in Russia, when the request, for their release took on an official character through the visit of Senator France and the note from Hoover to Gorky, has made a favorable impres sion in Washington. There is a grow ing body of opinion that the resump tion of trade relations with Russia and final recognition of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet republic will develop from the better under standing which must follow the deal ings of the relief administration with Moscow. But there is no division of opinion on the main iBsue that American capitalism will fight to the last, by force or by trick and device, to de stroy the Russian socialization of in dustries. It will lose no opportunity to discredit and slander the Russian system, whose success would imperinl capitalism everywhere. o TO ESTABLISH MINERS' PAPER. Stockholm, Sweden (By Mail). Norway and Denmark will soon sign trade treaties with Soviet Russia, it is confidently expected here. By a skillful application of the famous Chicherin tactics Russia now has the three countries eating out of her hand. The big business press is at this moment demanding recognition of the Russian government along the lines of the Russo-German treaty of two months ago. If recognition is not accorded contracts now placed here for 250,000,000 kronen (about $53, 000,000) worth of goods will be div erted to German and British manu facturers, says Russia. Just to dramatize this threat Russia has in fact for two months been diverting contracts. P. M. Kergentzeff, president of the Russian trade delegation in Stock holm, looks as if he were here to stay. The mission has the impressive sta bility of the Standard Oil Company, but Swedish manufacturers with con tracts to negotiate must sit under the searching gaze of Lenin, Marx, Trotz ky and even Zinoviev. They find Ker gentzeff nJc disconcerting at all, but a keen, jolly man with the intellectual breadth of the cultured Russian. dustry, the railroad workers, the long shoremen, the builders, the marine workers-one at a time they have been cut off from the main army of labor, attacked and defeated. Now it is San Francisco's turn, and we're falling into the trap. After the build rs, the cooks. After the cooks, the bakers. After the bakers, my union, then YOUR'S. hoisted, we shall be whipped and driven into slavery. WE it.i HAVE TO FIGHT IN TURN. WHY NOT FIGHT TOGETHER t The worker who says, 'Walt 'till our trade Is attacked', la playing Into the hands (Continued on page 2 ) Topeka, Kan. A weekly publica tion, moving pictures and a stumping tour throughout the state will be used by Kansas labor in its drive against the Industrial Court within a short period, according to W. E. Freeman, president of the Kansas Federation of Labor. The weekly paper is expected bv a MODERN FIGHTING MACHINE . to be astablished at Fort Scott with IN ENORMOUS TRUSTS AND UNITED IN ONE BIG BUSINESS COMBINE. We have been sending out one regiment at a time against an army. That way points to suicide for the labor movement. "Our masters are banking on our division. 'Divide and Conquer', is their Blogan. The steel industry, the coal n- Sure of Treaty. He traced briefly the year's trade developments in Sweden. "In May, 1920, a working agree ment was concluded between the two countries which enabled us to do busi ness to the amount of about GO 000, 000 kronen," he said. "We bought here mainly rolling stock and various rail road supplies. In Juno, two years after we had won recognition from Eng land and Germany, we requested a atreu sivt-rr tjr W Sweden. A, favorable trade conditions were ac corded us here our business would have to move on." "Yes, we'll no doubt get the trea ty," said Kergentzeff, "and due to the delicate interrelationship of the three Scandinavian countries we expect to sign simultaneous treaties with Nor way and Denmark." Russia, of course, hasn't much to buy from Norway and Denmark but fish, electrical appliances and agri cultural machinery. But the adjoining northern coasts of Russia and Nor way have from time immemorial been a peaceful frontier like that between the United States and Canada. And while Russia waits for the United States to make an economic allalnce, every European factory must work for her even Czecho-Slovakla is manufacturing locomotives for Rus sia. "There are two chief things that only America can supply us," said Kergentzeff, "great quantities of farm machinery, electrical apparatus, automobiles, shoes, clothes, rolling stock and second, the energy and technique to build up great industries. "Russia geographically is like Amer ica once developed she will be a completely self sufficing country. But in order to bring about this economic independence we must go through a period of borrowing business and engineering skill from the United States and Germany." 0 ANOTHER CUT DEMANDED. (By The Federated Press.) New York. Living conditions have "eased up" considerably, in the view Alexander Howat and Jake Sheppard, 0f the National Publishers' Associa- hls attorney, as editors. The moving tion which, meeting in the sumptuous pictures will be confined to visual quarters of the Engineers' club herje, descriptions of conditions in the Kan sas mines. Lille. French labor as represent ed by the Confederation Generale du Travail will continue adhesion to the Amsterdam internationale; 1,566 delegates' votes favored Amsterdam to 1,348 for affiliation with MoscoW. Oakland, Calif .The cases of James H. Dolsen, J. A. Ragsdale and C. A. Tobey, accused of violation of the state criminal syndicalism act, are now set for August 15, at which time it is expected that the stste supreme court will hand down its decision on the test case of John C. Taylor, now before it on appeal. After this de cision is given it is also expected that the appellate court will decide on the ease of Anita Whitney. adopted a resolution demanding that the employing printers of New Yorjc serve notice upon Typographical Union No. 6 that the existing scale of wages to printers must be reduced at the expiration of the present con tract on October 1 or the matter sub mitted to arbitration. The time-honored and ever-useful threat also was hinted at to the effect that unless "Big Six" agrees to the terms set forth in the resolution "a huge volume of magasine publication in this city will be transferred elsewhere." ffhe National Publishers' Associa tion controls about 80 per cent of the magasine output of the country. It has used its power in the past to break strikes in allied printing trades, notab ly the 44-hour strike in the book, magaaine and Job shops in 1919, which lasted for two months.