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The weekly Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1852-1855, May 06, 1852, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078726/1852-05-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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2l)c lUrchh) &azrttt.
ITConday EvonLns. Tlaj 3,
Geh. Cass. A handbill has been put in
circulation in Washington, with statements,
the object of which is to show that Qencral
Cass cannot be elected as President, if nom
inated. It states that Gen. Cass did not re
Mire the full vote of 1848; that he got 800,
000 votes, whilo 1,200,000 were opposed to
.him in the non-sluveholing States; that he
lost the votes of Democratic Southern States ;
that ho cannot show at clean a bill on the
compromise as Mr. Fillmore, because he
dodged the voto on the fugitive Blave law;
that he wastwice commissioned by Adams
and Clay os Governor of Michigan; and that
in 1821, he wrote a letter exonerating Mr.
CUy from the charges of having made a cor
rupt coalition with Mr. Adams. This last is
sufficient to condemn him in the eyea of
those who think tho Democratic Hovicw
would materially aid the prospects of Judge
Douglas by using its blackguard propensi
ties against tli5 Whig party. Gen. Cass
should not have acknowledged that the
charge of corruption was a miserable false
hood. It is supposed that tho ahoVe circular
was gotten up by the friends of Buchanan.
Legislative OrriciorsRESS. The Scioto
Gazelle srcys:
"We learn, from Columbus, that our .ex
cellent friends, tho Whig members of the
Ohio Legislature, have, in the process of par
turition, a document which is intended to
serve as a declaration of the mature opinion
of its distinguished authors, as to the course
proper to he pursued by the Delegation from
Ohio in the Whig Presidential convention.
The Gazeli don't place any reliance upon
the information, and yet it might be so, judg
ing from the past winter's proceedings. If
they have any such idea in their heads, we
beg them to desist at once, and wo assure
them that we are interested in their own wel
fare only. Tho action of the seceding mem
bers of tho Congressional caucus has pre
pared the people to resist any such officious
less. WASniKCTOic Rumors Twenty-five
elerks attached to the census bureau were
dismissed from employment nn tho 23th ult,
on account of a deficiency in the appropri
ation of that department. The rumored re
signation of Post Master Hall, nowithstaiid-
ing the positive denials thereof, is still reas
serted in and around the capital. Tho mis
sion to Rusia is assigned him as the succes
sor to Neill Brown, of Tennessee, who is de
sirous of a recall. Francis Granger is nam
ed as the successor of Mr. Hall.
Earthquake Shocks A despatch, dated
Washington city, April 29, states that, at
tho Washington Observatory, to-day, at pre
cisely nine minutes to one o'clock, two dis
tinct shocks of earthquake wcro felt, at in
tervals of one second. After tho lapse of
two minutes, three other shocks wero experi
enced in quick succession, of still groator
violence. Theso wcro followed by a strong
smell of sulphur. Tho officers then camo
outsido tho building and remarked that no
mell of any kind was perceivable in tho at
mosphere. Thcjdiockswcre pluinly felt In
various parts of tho city. Tho clerks of the
Intorior(located in Winder's build!ng)ran out
quite alarmed; and in some places private
business was interrupted.
The A xmt Worm. -Tho New Brunswick
News says, now is the time to extirpate that
great pest of trees, the army worm, while
they aro dormant, and before tho trees begin
to blossom, and shoot forth their leaves,
Some of our citizens burn tho embryo worms,
easo and all, after adopting tho following
plan to get them oft" tho trees, viz: a piece of
tin is procured about a foot long and two inch
es wide. One end is fastened to a long pole,
and tho opposite end is cut to tho depth of
two or three inches, very narrow at tho hot
torn, but widening as it approaches the top,
to within anighth of an inch of each side of
the top. With this liiHtrument a man can
clear several treus of every vestige of a
. worm in a few hours. Give it a trial.
Not So. The rumor that the bridges
horoabouts came down on account of tho or
der of the Board of Public Works, wo are
credibly informed, Is not correct. The prob
ability is that they pursued this course, not on
account of what the Buard of Public Works
nvt dm', but on account of what the Board
of Commissioners didn't do.
Flower Fans At a recent floral ball in
Dresden, tho skil.ul gardeners of that city
, d'utuihuted among tho ladies fans made of
flowers, und so delicately wrought that they
could bs opened and used liko other fans.
Tho huppy fancy charmed the beau mondt,
and flower-runn arc nowJ rigtur in tho polite
circles of the Saxon capital.
Bi IT RKNr.MnsHin, that7he"penple of
Ohio wcro earnestly requested to vote for the
Locofoco candidates for the St:it(. nnj Jgj,.
lative officers, because thefxj( of men wero
required to put tho new Constitution Into op.
(ration. "The best of meu"uro now repu
diated by their own party friends, who will
not even defend them. If tho members of
the Legislature are tho "best" of the party,
it is about time for the people to repudiate tho
leaders of the Progressives.
Senator Manuiji. It is stated that this
gentleman intends publishing reply to the
address of tho Southern members of Con
- gross who seceded from tho Whig caucus be
cause they weru nut permitted to do what
they had no right to do. They insist upon
hearing the wolf anyhow.
HoRsrs a.id Cattle. The Toledo Re
publican snys that horses and cattle are now
passing over the railroad. A freight train
loaded with this description of property, from
Northern Indiana, came in on Tuesday morn
ing cattle and horses for the Buffalo mar
ket. At thr Latest Accounts' "the new Con
stitution was in the hands of its friends" and
tho people', money was going into their pock
ets stthe rute of "four dollars per day."
CO"Einigratlon to California by the over
land route throng ia the street of St. Louis
as th-y have never done before, and Urge
f number of females aro among them.
I Mi. Cut's Hialtij i ain awrt
veraelt. Ut sonot shp.
The New Yoke CARALS.-The opemngj
of the New York canals has already been an
nounced, but the business done, so far, has
been limited. The Commercial Advertiser
"hTfirst days', receipts by the canal col
lector at Rochester Vere forty cents. The law
requires that all receipts shall be deposited
daily, in the proportions designated by the
ward of the board as the share, of the sever
al banks. In conformity with this requisition
the collector made the following deposits:
Farmers' and Mechanics' bank, 20c; Roches
ter City Bank, 10c; Rochester Bank, 6c; ha
eleBankSc. We trust that the recipients
i .;. nffi, il nntronaire will not be tempted
by tho magnitude of the addition to their
vilhlB means to expand their business to
an extent which will endanger the welfare of
the commercial community.
Ohio Legislature. This body adjourn
od to-day for a season. The deed would have
been received with exclamations of joy, were
it not for the fact that the samo men are to
sit aain. But every bitter has its sweet, and
as a converse, this sweet has its bitter. The
Democracy say they will not go into the com
ing canvass with the present Legislature as
an "issue."
Biennial Sessions. Progressive Democ
racy not only make, new measures and new
men, but new definitions of terms. It is now
considered that Biennial sessions means two
sessions in one year instead of one session
in two years. .
(ttT'Two dollars a duy and roast bcof" was
the rallying cry of the Democracy a few
years since. Now, it is "four dollars a day
and two sessions- in one year." Democra
cy is progressive!
Cuban TmALS.-Mujor Robinson, of Cincin
nati, who was tried last week at Columbus in
the Circuit Court, met the usual fate of his
compatriots. The jury was unable to agree
upon a verdict.
Liquor Question. At Utica, New York,
on the 2(ith ult, the License ticket for Com
missioners of Excise was elected entire over
the Temperance ticket by a majority of 300.
The Women's Temperance Convention,
held at Rochester, N. Y., last week, adopted
a series of resolutions, of which the 10th is as
IlsotvcJ, That the woman who consents to
live in tho relation of wifo with a confirmed
drunkard, is, in so doing, recreant to tho
cause of humanity and to tho dignity of true
George Washington was raised to tho
degree of Master Mason on the 4th of Au
gust, 1753, havinir been initiated 4th of No
vcmher. 1752. The 100th anniversary of his
initiation, it is said, is to be celebrated Senate and House. On t ie morning or o
throughout the Union. loction dny he was enticed to the tavern and
! I treated by his anti-law associates till ho was
The Lumber Trade or Northern Penn- (drunk. His wifo heurdofit, searched him
It is stated in tho Wilhumsport
Democrat that between thrco and six mil
lions of dollars' worth of lumber aro now
yearly manufactured in Northorn Ponnsyl-
vania. ,
n... ...... ... .
Railroad Bridge.
We learn from the Albany Register that the
Rensselaer and Saratoga bridge over tho
Hudson river, near Waterford, was destroy-
ed by fire on Monday night. It was a largo i SoUTH Carolina.-A Portuguese colored suil
structure, und will prove a serious loss to the , gt,rvinir on board a British vessel, havine
Decidedly Cool! Tho Senate of Mass
achusetts passed an order on Tuesday provi
ding for tho purchaso ol tickets to the Kos
suth banquet, for each member of tho Leg
islature, ut the public expense! 1 lie House,
however, very properly rejected it.
Emancipation or Slaves in Louisiana.
A law has passed the Louisiana legi laturo,
and goes into effect in six months time, which
prohibits the emancipation of slaves in that
Stato, except upon tho express condition
that they shall be sent out of tho United
States within twelve months; and requiring
tho payment of 150, tu he deposited iu the
treasury for each slave,to bo applied in pay
ment of passage to Africa, and support after
Kossuth and Bunker Hill. Tho city j
nutlioritirs of Charleston, says tho Boston !
Traveler, have declined to extend to M. Kos
suth tho hospitalities of the City of Bunker
Hill. A motion to invite him to the city
was made in the board of mayor and ulder
men, and carried by a voto of 4 to 2; but tho
common council refused to concur, and re
jected the proposition Jy a voto of 0 to 0.
The authorities ol rurtlund have iikcwiso de
clined to invite Kossuth to that city.
IMPORTS.-During the quarter ending tho
31st ult., tho duties on foreign merchandise
entered at Boston amounted to 1,519,714,
being a decrease of 21)3,804 for tho samo
timo laMt year.
Z 1 .
Arrived. Tho California Delegates to
tho Democratic National Convention, were
among tho pussengers by tho Northorn Light, j
Mainr Legislature. Tho Maine legis-
laturo adjourned sine dio on Monday morn-
. IU..... V trlr
ing.aftur sitting summer and winter, 132 days
at an expense of 75,000.
A Gentleman passing through one of tho
public offices, was affronted by soiun clerks,
and was advised to complain to tho principal,
which he did thus: I have hocn abused hero
by some of the rascals of this place, and I
come to acquaint you of it, as I
that you aro the principal.
Smuhclinu a Railroad Bill Through.
There is a bill before tho Pennsylvania Leg.
inluturc, supplementary to tho charter of tho
Pittsburgh and Erio Railroad, which is said
to contain a -provision by which n charter
which was thought to have been forfeited by
delays, Is revived with new powers, so that
tli ii New lurk und J'.rio Railroad Company
will bo authorized to form connection with
1 1... t . . tl !! . . I I t
. W.H.. Murosos, uy any route running
! , tba tl, ;t'",,,ri' 1 . Cna"
of tho Uk Shore road. Tho Philadelphia
Hoard ol 1 rude, immediately on its becom-1
ing Known, sent a strong protest to tho Leg
isluture aguinst Its passage.
047-Tho exhibition of the Industry of all
nations in New York promises to succueil
Among the articles sent from Enirliuwl. in
bo placed in the collection, is a carpet from
Halifax, which, tho Courier tsys, bears oft"
the palm of anything of the kind yet seen
in the country. It measure six yards in
length and five yards in width. It is of Mo
saic pattern, and ,o exquisitely wrought that
tho beholder instinctly regard it, at first
sight, as a richly grouped painting on can -
vu. In lu fabrication three thousand threads
latavm wit stuMiuai i wa uinti
were uaed to the square inch, and the cost of
tho article, of tho dimensions stated, is over
1,000. Three hundred color are made to
appear In the filliug up of the base.
Irom Bridge. They are constructing, at
Albany, a very substantial cast-iron bridge
over the canal, on Lawrence itreet.
IIkavt Sales. At Rochester, N. Y.,
la,t year, the sales of fruit trees, from the
nurseries, amounted to 350,000.
A Mar cannot posses anything that i
better than a good women, Dor anything that
is worse than a bad one.
Locals From Abroad. No one, we are as
sured, will accuse us of modesty for publish
ing the following. Those, it is generally ad
mitted, are the best judges, who have a
knowledge of what they testify to, and we
need not say that our excellent friends of the
Gazette and Courier are well qualified to act
as members of committees on printing, either
deliberative assemblies or agricultural
The Jjincaster Gazette. The principal pa
per of "the spunky little city" of Lancaster
comes to us enlarged and improved. It now
presents a handsome appearance; and, the
best of it is, "it is as good as it looks." Lan
caster is putting on the habiliments of a city,
of which a goon daily paper, like her Gazette,
is the brightest ornument, and an unmistuke-
able token. Scioto Gazette.
The Dailu Ijtncnrter Gazette.- This spirit
ed and excellent doily comes to us ijreatly en
larged and in an entire new costume. 1 he
Gazette well merits, and wo hope will receive
trom its patrons, ample remuneration. ian,
Interesting local. The Postmaster at Bal
timore returns us the puper of a subscriber,
with a note informing us that "the subscrip
tion due is paid in full by a runaway by moon
light." We accordingly acknowledge a re
ceiptin full for $12:00. We hope ho will be
more prosperous in his new home and be
ble to keep square with the world.
Ireland Emigration. The flight of the
population from the south of Ireland is thus
described in tho Clonmel Chronicle:
"The tide of emigration has set in this
year more strongly than ever it has within
our memories. During tho winter months
we used to observe solitary groups wending
their way toward tho sea coast, but since the
season opened (and a most beautiful one it
is) these groups have been literally swelled
into shoals, and travel what road you may,
you will find upon it strings of cars and drays
laden with women and children and house
hold stuffs, journeying onward, their final
destination being America. In all other
oarts of tho country it is the same. At every
station along tho rail, fromGoold's Cross to
Sallins, the third cluss carriages receive their
miotas of emiirrants. The Grand Canal pas
saue-boats from Shannon harbor to Sullins
anuenr every morninir at their accustomed
hour. laden down with emiirrants and luggage
on their way to Dublin, and thence to Liver
pool, whenco they tuko shippingfor Ameri
ca." i
One or the Women. Tho Rhodo Island
Temperance Advocato tells the following
good story of a woman who is worth her
weight in gold:
"In Foster there was an intemperotc man
who hud promised his wifo he would vote for
; mo muino i.iquor low cunumuics iur imi
1 out and got him homo. Here she gave him
an emetic and got himsoher, and then bor-
rowed a horse and wason and drove him to
the polls. Ho voted for tho Muine Law can-
diilatcs, and his single voto prevented tho
election of rum Representatives.
The re-
"u Kul "- -'" i'y
two Mamo Law men Iron, that town.
i.,,,,.,.,..,- P r.ir..w.n Ki-mc i-.
recently been imprisoned in Charleston,
where tho vessel was driven by stress of
weuther, tho British consul at thut port ap
plied for a writ of habeas corpus, which was
refused by Judge Withers. An appeal, it is
said, will ho taken, and the case carried to
tho United States Supremo Court, where
the constitutionality of tho law will bo fully
Selling Liquor on Sunday. The Penn
sylvania Legislature has passed a bill,
which has been signed by the Governor,
making it an indictable offence to sell any
quantity whatever of spirituous, vinous or
malt liquor in Lancaster county on the Sab
bath, under a penalty of $20 for each of
fence 10 to go to tho informer, who is
made a competent witness in the case. The
law will tuko effect on tho first of July next.
Hotel Responsibilities. Two brothers,
named Simms, who stopped at tho Indtun
Queen Hotel, New Orleans, on their way
from California, and whilo there had their
trunk robbed of $5,225 in gold, have recover
ed a judgment for that amount against the
proprietor. Judge Buchanan, of the fifth dis
trict court, decided that inn-keepers aro lia
ble for the property stolen from strangers and
travelers sojourning ut their inns.
! A 'n(,r- AND Jaluadle Ci.AHi. It is
that Motis Betrucca, the futher-.n-lnw
"f M" Marctzok , of tho Italian opera in
Now Y"rk-iH llk,,Iy t( taM.sh his title to
.soino 30,000 acres of land near Ashland,
I Kentucky, which is now worth about a mil-
lion of dollurs, and if the claim is valid the
back rents for thirty years will also bo his.
I Xliii HIAinc A. v uiinflr.aiiijii 4 14b
I Miniiesoteiius have ratified tho net of their
'Legislature adopting tho Maine Liquor Law,
by on overwhelming minority. Some of the
papers attribute the result to tho efforts of
tho emigrants from Maine, who compose
largo proportion of tho population of tho ter
ritory. California Fortunes. It Is calculated
that out of every hundred persons who have
cone to California, filly have been ruined
'urtv 110 better than they would have been had
they remained at home, uvea little bettor,
four something butter still, and one has made
s fortune
The Mismino Arctic Ships. The J'ew
Humors Experienced jiuvigators In New
York, who know something about tho Arctic
rcL'ions, only laugh at the story, in the hug
lwli papers, ubout two of Sir John Franklin's
ships having bcenseen from the decks of a
' "rig, bound from Englund to Quebec
Fl)nvlMM ..cEASK.The "Forrv"
' P"ty is likely to swallow up all others; ti.o
ul"" "T T ""'"".""' u" wu
r . 1 .... . - '
hiinsell a "im.ldlo-agod logy. togyism is
on tho increase.
Illinois. Gov. French, of Illinois, has
called an extra session of the Legislature of
that State, to meet oil the first Monduy in
Hungarians. On his farm in Franklin,
Mass., Mr. Webster has a Hungarian bull
weighing i,5oo lbs., and a heller ol the same
Sale or Paintings. The painting own-
v' 7 1,10 ia ""P "on. of N
I ' "uM l "ct'n on Wednesd
. I e
for 7,400.
4 "JacV and Jill." A LnUn tranalution
ofthatfuinous nursery song is tlmi given by
a correspondent ol the llotton Pot. The
Latin is aitogetner pure:
, J.icetGllla
Ascendent raontem,
Aquam parate
Ad certem fontem;
, Procidit Jack
Frangit ejus summum, -EtdeOiUa,
Lapa est t cundum!
Tuesday Evening May 4, l53
The New Tax Law. An exchange very
properly remarks that, in making his returns
to the Assessors, the tax-payer is required,
and this should bo "borne in mind by every
assessor to give in all his crops of whatever
tlinfl nn linnH. anil nil hia irrnin nrnminl in li
fields; all his horses, colts, cattle, calves,
heep, lambs, hogs, pigs, chickens, ducks,
geese, and all other animals having a proper
ty value, without regard to age; all his bees,
hives, guns, looms, side and other saddles,
harness and gears; all his household and
kitchen furniture, including all kinds of
stoves, dishes, pots, kettles, cups, mugs, &.C.;
all his cord wood, lumber, wool, flax, straw
and hay; all his wagons, carts, plows, har
rows, hoes, rakes, and all other funning uten
sils; all his carriuges, buggies, sleighs, jump
ers, and wheelbarrows; all his family pic
tures, bibles, hymn books, school books,
and other books in short everything in his
possession containing a property value, and
"being the subject of ownership."
In regard to "baby clothes" and the food
provided for tho current use of the family,
their seems to be a difference between the
law and tho Stato Auditor's instructions-the
former Bays everything tangible and of any
value is to be taxed, the latter exempts the
clothes and eatables and tho township as
sessors, leaning, like a maxim of law, to
wards mercy, obey the instructions.
After the tax-payer has hunted up all his
personal property and valued it at its current
valuo in money and footed up the amount,
he can deduct therefrom two-hundred dollars.
It is supposed that the difference, which will
beguincd by the State, will make up what
will be paid out for additional salaries.
Richland Thunder. Old Democratic
Richland, just upon the cvo of adjournment,
has sent down another supply of thunder,
sufficient to ring in the ears of their Legisla
tors until the next session. The members
of that delectable body are Bty led either as
kn lives or fools, and the meeting didn't seem
to care much which term they applied. Tho
constitution, the meeting declared, had been
betrayed and violated in the house of its
friends; unjust and outrageous laws had been
passed, especially the tax-luw; the party had
been sacrificed to build up a few men; mem
bers had busely shown a want of honor and
honesty in raising their own salaries; and
various other allegations, all of which might
bo proved before the tribunal of the people,
wcro made. Tho people just begin to see
that they didn't make much in putting the
present party in power against tho warnings
of those who had the interests and prosperity
of the Stato at heart. But experience is a
good teacher, and we hope the adage will
prove true in this, instance.
American Railroad Securities in Lon
don. Private letters from London speak of
a growing inclination there to invest in first
class American Railroad Securities, but add
thut tho closest scrutiny is manifested as to
the location and means of the various com
panies, and the churacter of parties man
aging tho roads and their securities in the
market. There was a fair demand for A
merienn Securities, and a considerable a
mount of orders camo out by the last steam
er. Gold. A lump of gold has lately been
found at Sunora, weighing 4 lbs. 4oz., and
worth more than 500. It is said that
ono claim, of sixteen feet square, at Sol
dier's Gulch, has yielded 30,000. It is es
timated that there havo been extracted from
tho gulch an aggregate of two million of
dollurs. It is reported also thut a Mr.
Sparks, Mining at Morris's Ravine, on the
Feuther River, found a virgin lump of gold,
weighing 12 pounds, on the 25th ult.
tjjrThe address of the seceding mem
bers of tho Whig caucus was signed by W.
Brooke of Mississippi, Jackson Morton and
E. C. Cabell of Florida, John Moore and J.
A ristides Landry of Louisiana, Humphrey
Marshall of Kentucky, M. P. Gentry and C.
H. Williams of Tennessee, David Outlaw
andT. L. Clingman of North Carolina, and
James F. Strother of Virginia! Wo invite
tho reader to call to mind tho names of dis
tinguished members of Congress, and he will
not bo alarmed at this effort of others to gain
notoriety. .
fjrA gentleman of our acquaintance,
having listed hts property on lust Friday be
fore the storm, was so unfortunate as to have
two of his chickens blown from their roost
and dashed against his house, killing them
instantly. Tho question arises, under the
new law, whether these can now bo de-
ducted from tho returns! or whether that
portion of his tax upon theso fowls can bo
remitted by the proper authorities!
South Carolina Convention. R'port A-
gainst Imnudiate Svcssivn. The following
dispatch, which we find in the Southern
Press, gives tho substance of the report of
tho special committee appointed by tho South
Carolina Stato Committee:
Columbia, April 29. The select commit
tee reported to-day, re-affirming the right of
secession, but declaring it inexpedient at
present to cxerclso that right. The report
is to be considered to-morrow. There is a
minority report also. Nothing more will he
done. Tho convention is trammelled by tho
popular vote of last Octobor.
Gamblers in Cleveland. A large num
ber of gamblers having been driven from Cin
cinnati, havo taken refuge in Cleveland, and
tho people of that city aro determined to
havo thqin remove still further. They do
not deem the increase of population a suf
ficient compensation for the ruin they will
cause. Tho Herald says:
"Within the past week twohundred of these
men have been in the city, The police say
they aro marked; that is nothing. They
itill pursue their unmanly means to gain a
livelihood. The police should not be con
tent with marking them; it should punish;
and each violation of the law of tho land, of
honor, and of decency, should bo met with its
proper reward."
(rThe editor of the Ohio Cultivator has
yet on hand a full supply of French Flower
seeds, and thoae who are fond of the beautiful
would do well to order them soon.
' CCrForty Hungarian snd fifty-even
French refugee have just arrived at New
York, from London.
03"It was not the Magnitude of the Gre
cian army, nor the martial strength of Achil
les, their leader, that conquered Troy, but
ten year peraeveranee. . .
' Agitation The Compromise. Those
men who make the loudest professions of
"peace," "peace" upon every occasion, arc
really the worst agitator, of the day. The
compromise measures were passed; their
most doubtful, clauses were enforced; and
tho country was fast sinking into repose up
on the slavery question. A general dispo
sition was manifested to acquiesce in the
law of the land and let it be fully and fuirly
tried. But in the Senate, in the House, in
the Congressional caucus, in State Conven
tions, State Legislatures and county meet
ings, everywhere, where a compromise man
was in attendance, the compromise meas
ures must be declared a "finality," or else
the whole subjoct would be again discussed
and the South would fly ofTat a tangent.
What ridiculous pretensions! In an article
upon the proceedings of the Congressional
caucus, tho Louisville Journal saya:
"It seems, to us that those men, who, in
stead of letting the Compromise Test, in
stead of treating it as a "finality," insist up
on having it brought up, and discussed, and
voted on. unon all occasions, in all sorts of
bodies, assembled for all sorts of purposes,
are in reality, whatever they may be in do-;
sign, the agitators of the day. It seems to
us they are contributing quite as much as the
free-soilers themselves to keep alive an agi
tation, which.but for such exertions as theirs,
would soon die out." j
One thing must be remembered. The ,
Whig party profess obedience to the law.
The law of the land is a part of their creed. I
Bearing this in mind it will bo time enough
to raise a "muss," when a Whig Convention
.!!.... ... ft...
UUMai CO Ui uiLHiijiLa w uiium ... u i. fim
of this law. As long as this is not, done,
these few patriotic men, who labor for "final
ities" should rest content it can only be
made an issue by declaring for its repeal.
This there is at present no desire to do.
The Methodist Church Case. The re
ference ordered by the U. S. Circuit Court
:. i . ,..i.. r
the book concernf in controversy between ,
the Northern and Southern divisions of the i
Methodist Episcopal Church, was brought to
. , 1 , f, .... vi.,r.. .
a heanns belore U. S. Comm r. Nelson, at i
:. ' . . . :
New York, on Thursday. No one was pres
ent except the attorneys for the parties,
Daniel Lord and E. L. Fuuchcr, Esqs., and
the Revs. Dr. Lane and Scott. The pro
ceedings are uninteresting. The principal
difference of opinion seems to be in refer
ence to the value of the stereotype plates.
The Advance in the Oil Market. The
New Bedford Whalemen's Shipping list
gives a statement somewhat in detail to ac
count for the recent rapid advance in the oil
market, extending to all branches of the oil
trade. The rise is caused, it says, by the
greatly diminished import of sperm and
whale oil this year; viz: 155,000 barrels a
gainst 428,000 in 1 85 1 , and 372,000, the ave
rage of ten years past, and the amount of
consumption and export, which for the ave
rage of seven years is stated at 270,000
barrels consumed, and 104,000 exported
making a total annual demand of 380,000
barrels. This statement shows that the ex
ports of the present year do not come up
to half the demand. In addition to this
is the diminished supply of lard oil, from the
fulling off of the hogcrop, of both the lost und
present years.
An Unfortunate Man, Munsfield Hull,
ost his life in a most shocking manner, by
having his cluthes caught in some machinery
in an iron foundry at Birmingham (Conn.)
lust week. The Daily Journal suys ho wus
whirled around a shaft at the rute of ono hun
dred and sixty revolutions per minute, und
was whirling ut this speed when discovered.
The shaft wus within four feet of tho edge or
top of the building, and within a few foot of
tho window, und ut the first time round, the
legs of Mr. Hull dashed out tho window and
sash, and striking the edgoof tho shop, were
broken just below the knees; they were then
whipped into a myriad number of pieces, the
largest being about the size of a small cord.
Wlien the mutilated body was taken down,
it was discovered that tho neck wus broke,
which it is thought, was caused by tho tight
ening of his clothes, or the sudden jerk he
received when he was first caught by the
A CoMniNG. A youthful officer, in the U.
S. service, wus giving his opinion upon some
general topic, at tho dinner table of the Tre
mont, at Chicago, a few days since, in a tone
and manner which would have become riper
years. D - ,who is a suvuge joker,
looking intently ut the youngster, remarked,
"Sir, you must hnvo been in the service a
great whilo." "Why do you say so?" usked
the person addressed. "Becuuso it struck
ino thut you must huve entered it, before
counterfeit detectors had got about." Tho
ball broke then. Detroit Advocate.
Chinese andChilians for California.
A letter from San Francisco states that du
ring the last two weeks of March nearly 1,
500 Chilians and Chinese urrived there, and
that the ship Challenge was on her way with
1,000 more. It is expected that during the
next five veairs 50.000 Chinese willcmiirratc
1 to California. A letter from Kong Kong
I says that thousands are now saving up their
'c4rnlm? t0 cullect 35' w'ch "mount -is re-
qtllieu iur UIVII iunnui-. xm line- in u itv
added the expenso of a little dried fish and
rice, and a sip of tea, and in about 40 to 50
day they are safely landed at San Francis
co. Fire and Loss of Like. A fire occurred
at New Orleans on the 22d ultimo, which
consumed three or four franio bouses. A
mun named Seigle, with his wifo and two
children, perished in tho flames. It is con
jectured that Seigle,, while intoxicated late
at night, set fire to tho house, in order to
revenge himself against his step-children,
with whom he had a law-suit about the pro
perty, but being too drunk to muko his es
cane, or nlnrni his family, fell a nrov to the
flames. Beside his charred remains was
found fiG05 in gold.
Improved Locomotives. Two large and
powerful locomotives, with seven feet driv
ing whe
hi new and important improv
ing anthracite conl. It is expected they will
run the train through from Pottsville to
Philadelphia in 3 to 3j hours, including
stoppages, which will be an average speed of
nourly 3(i miles an hour.
Corns are one of the greatest torments in
civilization. Wo would advise all to abjure
corn plasters and shields which may give a
momentary relief but add to the evil in the
end. Pare the corns as closely as you can
with safety, and then rub in sweet oil; if be
tween the toes, introduce a small piece of
cotton. By this simple means they will in
time be completely eradicated. They are
caused by friction, and oil softens the part,
and eventually remove's them. We have
known several persons to try this plan with
perfect success. -Loose boots and shoes will
rarely produce1 corn.
Hon. Herry Clay continues to grow
more feeble each day; &in view of the painful
fact, it is said, has telegraphed to hi son
one in Kentucky, and the other at St. Louis
to come on to Washington.
e s, are now being constructed nl the - v"r 1 -,,-.. ......... resorieu 10,10 restore respinuiou, uuv mui-
. r.. .... . .i.m.lr i rt lua ..muli.n umtuuli- ' I htura Hip-in , . . .n. '
ino shops of tho Heading Uailroad i -... ....... ,.vv., ............ .... -, oul KUuci. .. -
, after plans by Mr. M i lholland, P " " " "V I American Depredations or British'
ly or Baltimore,; ami under 11s iinme-1 ..'.1L- V Lands. The Quebec Chroniclo states that
superintendence. 1 Hoy will eniiiraco n,TTPV a lf i Vrnt. in Mnn. 1 lenn.ilntinns lmvn been made hv a nartv of
Council Meeting. Tho City Council held
a regular session last evening. The Mayor
announced the following standing commit-1
tees; . - :
(n Streets and Alleys Kinkead, Baughman
and Boving:
On finance Boring, McClelland and
Perry :
Committee of Safety. Perry, Kinkead and
Hall: -
Fire Department McClelland, Baughman
Marktts 4j- Market House Hall, Tatjo and
The Mayor read a report from the Board
of Education, which was received and order
ed to be printed
The bonds of tho Mayor, Marshal and !
Treasurer were presented and approved.
The Council elected the following officers: !
S. Cuunon, Market Master and Weigh j
Master: . '
Board of Health Drs. M.Effinger,J. White
and G. K. Miller, and G. Sanderson and H.
Fire Wardens J. Reinniund, W. B. Pearse
aud F. A. Foster: -l'roxrti
Guard John Reber, G. Stein-
mun, 1. Lomer, f . A. Miacner,, Julin Ale-
Elroy and G. H. Smith:
Siienisors. 1st Ward, Jnmes Gordon;
2d Wurd, John Walluce; 3d Ward, Philip
Houscr; 4th Ward, George Schlicher.
City Surveyor. Salmon Shaw... '
The Marshall, D. Harps, was sworn into
I office
On motion of Mr. Perry, a committee of
three was appointed to report to the Coun
cil salaries lor marshal and other officers.
The Council udjourncd to meet Monday
evening. J. B. REED.Ci'fy CM.
Another Musical Prodigy. A corres
pondent of the Conneaut Republican gives
an interesting account of a little boy in that
place, the son of Mr. Phincas Sage, who ap
pears to possess a talent for music in an em
inentdegree. He says:
"He is about three years and a half old;
and, though comparatively an infant, he
plays perhaps twenty tunes in two parts,
with all case and much skill on the melo
dcon; and some of them, with which he is
'"f "".iliur he w-ill sing at the same me
a third part, nil in perfect harmony, and in
S tune. Ho will also per lorm on the
melodeon in a manner that would balllo the
. . .
mnt slii ul miiKieinn. A 11 mus e.iuUH when
practicing on any piece, of course notice
the letter on which it is keyed; and practice
on that key. Neither is it expected that
even tho best musicians will readily go thro'
with a piece on a key which they huve nev
er practiced; and indeed not one in five hun
dred would go through a piece accurately,
taking any note for the key note that his fin
ger might happen to light upon. But this
littlo boy will do that very thing. Ho knows
nothing ubout tho several keys, and is too
young to bo taught them; hence ho must
pluy without such knowledge and so he does.
He will go up to tho instrument, und from
any note ho may huppen to first light upon,
taking that for his key note, or tonic, will
start off ut once, with both buss and treble,
and pass through acurately as well from
ono key as from (mother, and from a new
and strange key as from an old and familiar
fcJ-Tho project of the Albany and Sus
quehanna Railroad to connect ut Binghump
ton, on the New York und Erio lino, meets
with much fuvor in the country through
which the road is to pass. Eight hundred
thousand dollars have been subscribed on
the line of the route, and ono million is
pledged to the work.
Foreign Items. The Temeswar, a Hun
garian journal, quotes correspondence from
Mecca, from which it appears that the reb
el Wochabites have beaten the Sultan's
troops, taken possession of the Holy City,
and are threatening Syriu. It w as said that
the viceroy of Egypt supports them, in or
der to embarrass the Sultan.
Tho ptotcst of the heirs of tho Orleans
family aguinst the confiscation of their prop
erty, was heard before tho Court of the First
Instance, at Paris, on Saturday. Messrs.
Poillet and Berryer uppeared as counsel for
the Orleans family. The Prefect of tho
Seine, on behalf of the President, protested
against the jurisdiction of thoourt. The
matter was postponed till Friday.
Several young men were arrested, a fho-t
time ago, ut Pesth, iu Hungary, for having
worn tricolor ribbons, and cried "long live
Kossuth!" Two toy dealers wero also ar
rested for huving exposed for sale dolls and
toys ornamented with the national colors.
Misery continued to prcvul in vnrious
parts of Germany, owing to tho scurcily of
food. In tho neighborhood of Frankfort-on-the-Maine,
rye breud was ono und a quarter
per pound.
The yield of the gold mines in Ourul
mountuins, belonging to the crown of Rus
sia und privuto individuals, was, in 1851,
ubout (i,9(i( lbs gold, and about 300 lbs of
platina, and in Silieriu the yield wus 70,478
"Long May it Wave!" Gen. Wayne it
is said announced to Gen. Washington the
victory of Stony Point thus laconically:
"Stony Point, 3 o'clock, A. M.,J --
July Kith, 177!). $
Dear General: -The American Aug
waves here!
Yours truly, Anthony Wayne.'
(fcJrWo ore informed that Judge Thiinnan,
in tho trial of tho Summons murder case, in
Cincinnati, last week, ordered Ex-Judge
Reed into the custody of the Sherifi' for con
tempt of Court. Ancient Metropolis.
Manufacture of Rosin Oil, Messrs.
Desilver & Co., hove erected a manufactory
ut Chester, Pu., for tho production of rosin
oil, with a capital of 200,000. Dr. Young,
Into of Philadelphia, is ubout erecting a simi
lar establishment there, with a capital of
Large Sales of Goods. On Thursduy
an auction sale of nino thousand packages
; of forciirn und domestic dry goods, valued ut
nearly half a million ot dollars, took place
t in Now York, und was largely uttended.
The prices realized wore generally sutisfuc-
tory. ?
03-"May it please the Court and gentlc-
chusetts. has recovered $I3I5 of a rallant. for
a breach of promise. He courted her ayear,
and has to pay at the rate of a dollar a day
lor it. . j
fc5"Tho Juliet (111.) Signal says that over
seventeen hundred teams have pussed that
place for California within the last three
Advices from Bermuda to the 23d report
that a large figure head supposed to have bo
longed to tho steamer President, had been
washed ashore at Grenada, Barbadoos.
-. - - "
Japan. It is reported that an English
frigate has lately visited ono of the Japanese
Islands, and every attention and kindness
had been Bhown to the captain and crew.'
; OSTThe Syracuse (N. Y.) Journal says
there is an excellont prospoct for an abund
ance of all kinds of fruit in that region this
03-Eight BhiP8' witn a'388 -immigranU,
arrived at New York from Europe onWednes
day evening snd Thursday morning.
1 ntun nrtlio iiirv aul.l A vmiTtr lnuvap Inar i . .1 . . . . : u.. 1U
Oment lor hUm- ,,, . ..,,...,.! ,.,,-. - .,..... r. - ...... k,.n.l...,l ...I u,nnl.Ra A mnn.Von nn.
Terrible TSruptior or. Manna Loa.
Our advice from Honolulu aro to the 10th
March. The news is ten days later. It
bears no special importance, but weiave ari
account ot a great eruption on the Island ot
Hawaii of tho famous Manna Loa, which, at
the date of tho last despatches, was burning
nerceiy, discharging streams of lava, and nl
linjtho air with cinders and ashea.
The eruption commenced on tho 10th
February from the old crater, and was fol
lowed by successive openings in the sides of
tho mount, from which gushed torrents of
lava, coursing in streams down the sides of
the volcano, and setting fire to the woods in
its progress. The spectacle in described as
terrifically grand. Alarm was felt for the
safety of the town of Hilo, towards which
the torrents of lava were rapidly rolling.
By advices from Hilo to the 2d inst., says
the - Polynesian, we further learn that the
stream of lava had burned through the
woods to within fifteen miles of Hilo, and
that it was still progressing. The current
was not so rapid as at first, but it was grad
ually filling up all the inequalities of the
ground, aud it was supposed at that date,
that it would ultimately reach the sea, and
discharge itself somewhere in tho bay of Hi
lo. This eruption is said to be the most ter
rific and extensive that has taken place on
the Hawaii within the memory of man.
Alta California. .
Raising Strawberries. A Mr. Rivers,
in London, says that about the second week
jf'"'?. hefillef number of six-inch pots
with a compost .of two-thirds loam and one-
third rotten dung, as follows: three stout
pieces of broken pots were placed in the bot
tom, and a full handful of the compost put in;
a stout wooden pestle was then used with all
the force of a man's arm to pound it, and then
another handful and a pounding, and another,
till the pot was brimful, and the compressed
mould as hard as a barn-floor. The pots
were then taken to a strawberry-bed, and a
runner placed in the centre of each, with a
small stone to keep it steady. They were
watered in dry weather, and have had no
other care or culture. For two or three year
suys he, I have had the very finest crops from
plants after this method, and those under no
tice promise well. If the pots are lifted, it
will be apparent that a large quantity 01 1000
is in a small space. I may add that, from
some recent experiments with compressed
earth to potted fruit trees, I have a high 0
pinion of its effect, and I fully believe that we
have yet much to learn on the subject."
Df.ath of Prof. Edwards. The religious1
public, us well as scholars generally through
out the country, will hear with deep regret
of the death of this excellent mun and thor
ough scholar, which took place during thef
past week ut Athens, Ga., where he had
spent tho winter in tho hope of regaining his
health. Dr. Edwards was Associate Pro
fessor of Sacred Literature in the Theologi
cal Seminary ut Andover, where, for a series
of years he hud done good service in up
holding, and even advancing, the reputation
of an institution which has ever Btoad promi
nent in imparting a severo. and genuine,
scholarship to the American Clergy, His
death will be the more profoundly regretted,
as he had but just attained the meridian of
life, and is understood to have had in the
course of preparation several Biblical criti
cisms, ono of which, a Commentary on the
Book of Corinthiuns, was so fur advanced, a
to have needed but a few weeks more of la
bor to complete it for publication." As in tho
cuse of his colleague, Dr. Stuart, whose re
cent demise Andover and Christian Theology
alike deplore, his charucter was honored be
yond the bounds of his native lund; and these
gloomy tidings will strike a deep chord of
sympathy in remote regions, wherever the
cultivators of sucrcd and classical literature
are found. His remains passed through this
city on Sutiirduy, accompanied by his allictcd
family and brother, Col. Edwards, of South
ampton. Charleston Courier, April 26.
(""Quakerism is fuvorublo to longevity
it seems. According to lute English cen.'us'
returns, tho uverugo age attained by mem-'
hers of this peaceful sect in Great Britain,
is fifty -ono years, two months and twenty
one days. Half of the population of the
country, as is seen by the same returns, die
before reaching the age of twenty-one, and
tho average duration of human lifo the world
over, is but thirty-three years; Quakers,
are temperate and prudent, are seldom in a
hurry, and never in a passion. Quakers in
the very midst of tho week's business, (on
Wednesday morning,) retire from the world,
and spend un hour or two in silent medita
tion ut the meeting-house. Quakers are dil
igent; they help ono another, und tho fear of
want does not corrode their minds. The
journey of life to them is a walk of peaceful
meditation. They neither suffer nor enjoy
intensely, but preserve a composed demeanor
always. Is it surprising that their days
should be long In the land.
The Popular Vote Nomination System.
The Democrutic Central Committee of
Hamilton county this spring resolved to sub
mit to the voters of that county the ques
tion of adopting the popular voto system in
the nomination of their candidates in future.
This voto was taken at the spring election.
Very littlo interest wus felt in the subject as
the result shows. The vote Btood for the
popular vote system, 490; aguinst it and in
favor of the old delegntc system, 834; ma
jority aguinst the popular voto system, 344.
Tho Committee, in announcing the result,
stato thut, in accordance with this decision,
the delegate system will hereafter be adopt
ed in the nomination in that county. So, it
seems that puro Democracy is not thought
expedient in Hamilton county, in the elec
tion of candidates. O. S. Journal.
Death from Chloroform. The Boston
Journul, of Wednesday, gives a report by a
physician, a case in, which death occurred
under the influence of chloroform. . The
person was a Swiss sailor who had been con
fined with ship fever in the hospital. He
had recovered, and then an operation was
performed on his toe, which had been very
painful from frost, so that tho toe nail had to
be removed. He had at first refused to take
the chloroform, but finding the operation
very painful ho asked that it might be ad
ministered. Two ounces and five drachms
wero used in tho whole operation, which oc
cupied five minutes, when the patient was
found to be dead. All the usual means were
! one hundred and twenty-five Americans up-
; on tho British Crown timber lands, on tho
Bluck River. The intruders not deeming it
proper to desist al ter proper warning, a posse
was sent on from Quebec, backed up by a.
company Of soldiers.
Mrs.'Partirgtor, in astonishment, makes
the following inquiry of the editor of the Pott
to which the Colonel, ungallunt man,
makes ho reply: - - ,
Mr. Editors For mttBsy's . sake, do tell
me, how many feet has Quoen Victoria got!
the newspapers are all talking about 'Her
Majesty' 72dfoot!'
Yours, Ann Partisgtor.
Imprisonment or : Colored Sailors. It.
is said the British Consul at New Orleans has
written a letter to Charleston, stating that
"the Legislature of Louisiana have passed
an act, amending the colored law of the State
by abolishing the penalty of imprisonment
and permitting free persons of color, who re
sailor, to come on shore witlj.pMsporU from
the Mayor."

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