Newspaper Page Text
tyt Vttdi Gazcttt,
CITY 05 IA5CA8TBa:
iaM4ar Evening. Spt.. 1.
California ITCMS.-The number of French
in California is estimated t 33,000. They
re numerous enough to sustain atri-weekly
newspaper in Sin Francisco. The number
of Chinew '.already arrived .reoeh 87,059, of
whom only 23 are females. It in expected
thai 20,000 more Will a'rrive'during the pres
ent year, and allowing 500 for the number of
deaths, there will then be 4V58in the coun
try. ; ' "S
Two duelA'ave been fought recently ,hoth
fatal, fa the one, the Hon. E". Gilbert,
member of Congress and editor of tho Alta
California wa killed." The origin of this du
el was an article reflecting upon the Gover
nor. His antagonist was General Derner
of the Stale Senate. ' Borti were highly re
spected citisens'.' The oth r was fought at
Rich Bar. between William Leegott and
John Morrison. ' The formerwas killed.
It is supposed that Col. Fraener, whosa
letters under the signature of "Mustang"
gained him hosts of admirers during the Mex
ican War, has fallen a victim to savage bar
barity, near the Southern boundary of Ore
gon. In company with four or fiveotherst
he started ta attcnl the Domocritis Convcn
tion.and has not since been heard from, al
though the animal he rode baa strayed into
one of the settlements.' Fraener, Tobin,
Peoples, who will be remembered as racy
correspondents during the War, have found
an early grave in California. . .
We notice nothing elao of much interest,
except what has' been anticipated by telo
A Contrast Tho rccont Lncofoen Con
gress voted Father Ritchie 830,000 for al
leged losses upon a contract for tho public
printing, tho price of which he fixed himself
To this sum he had nut the shadow of a
cluiin. It was a mcro gratuity to a partisan
ex-editor. The men who defend this, are
growling because Gen. Scott has re
ceived pay for forty years of hard and dan.
orms and distinguished public service.
This fifty thousand dollar of a gratuity to
Father Ritchie for doing nothing, is more
than Gen. Scott received far his successful
campaign in Canada, and his victorious
march from Vi ra Cruz li the city of Mexico!
Yet in the one case, they beseech Congress
to givo a large sum to a mun already grown
rich off of the government, and in tho othcr
complain because the country has puld Con
Scott what it would have paid any other man
in the same station oven with far less merit.
This is Locofocoidm !
A Small Mistake. Tho Baltimore Sun
says: ' ". i
The subscriptions to the Cincinnati, Wil
mington, and Zanesvillo railroad amount to
80,000, . '
That was a cloudy day with you, Mr. .Sun.
Tho above is what was subscribed to the
road by the citizens of Zencsville in some
thing less than twenty-four hours. The to
tal subscriptions reach one and a half mill
ion of dollars. Quite a difference! Aroyou
not awa-e that the rood from Morrow to
Lancaster ia nearly graded, and that the re
mainder is to be put under contract in a few
weeks! . ,
Testimory hi Pout. -Senator Foote'a
testimony will hardly be impeached," His
Doinocracy will scarcely bo doubted. . Du
ring a debate in tho United States Senate,
he said of Gen. Scott:
"I honor the illustrious versanatie alluded
to so often in the progress of this debate, as
hiirhly as any one hero. All itio connnrnd
atiou bestowed upon him on this occasion is,
in my judgment, not at all beyond his deserts;
as a patriot I recognize him as entitled to
the most profound respect; as a high minded
tind aecowplishsd qmtlcman, no possesses my
esteem and affection; as the vielor upon many
a well-jimgnt Jlelil, in which the nutional hon
or waa maintained, and tho enemies of our
beloved country humbled before our triumph
ant flag, I respect him, I am grateful to him,
1 iupruudof him."
Home Testimony, With regard to tho
question of who is to blame for tho defeat of
fclm catholic Emancipation Resolution, in
New Hampshire, in March of laat year, wc
Invite attention to tho following from
the Concord Democrat, a Democratic pnper
published in Mr. Pierces own town. That
paper said iniuissuo of Juno H, 1831:
"The failure of that Contention is direct
i.t traced to those Honker leaders,
PIERCE, Atiikrtoh St Co., who were drier
mined that it should eitk r he entirely su'iservienl
to thrir nartixan view, or-uhat it was, an alnr
tion. rheytucctttkd and to thtm belongs the
Chirese Thikvi:.--TIio Chinese art) fur
ther advanced in the art and mystery of
modern civilization than most people will
credit thorn for. "And there is corroboration
of what we ssy in this paragraph, which wo
cut from the Boston Daily Advertiser;
"The expertnoss of thieves in China ia
well known; but occasionally they give the
outsiile barbarian a touch of thuir quality
more astonishing thin agreeable. TI10 ahip
Reliance, of Boston, while lying in tho riv
er at Whainpua, had SO sheets of copper
stolen from her bottom at such a dittunee
below the water linn that the theft could
not be easily noticed."
Hon. W. A. Gorman, member of tho
House of Representatives from Indiana, and
one of the committee to investigate the
oauset of explosion and disaster on the
rivers and Inkff'i was anting the passengers
on the ReiiuWcr, and just previ am to the
ejeptosion wa standing on the upper deck,
almost directly over tho boiler, conversing
upon that subject. While the landing was
made at Bristol he went out on the promen
ade deck, and like the others there, escaped
without injury. Mr.Johnson, another mem
ber of the Houao, wa alo on the boat, and
Pro Nkw. Mrxicj. Col. Sumner has
made two treaties with two of the hands of
the Apaches, whoexpres theinsolves tired
of war and desirous of peace, and say that
they will go ti planting craps Instead of
plundering others. They say that the peo
ple of Honors lately insdo a peace with thoin,
them a fuast,inade them all drunk, and
then treacherously, massacred fourteen men
and carried oft twenty-seven women and
children. There is said to have been a die,.
trtbar.ee at 8am r between the suldier
and the Mexicans, but we have. no panic,
t ftirThe receipts of gold at the PhilktU4.
Uia Mint Iroui the. let to the 4th 01 Heptem
r, Inclusive, have been about $J,3o5,000.
The Mexican Boundary Sdrvit. A let
ter from Commissioner Bartlett to the Secre
tary of the Interior, dated at the Pimo Villa
ges, July 8th, an Riunces the completion on
the 1st, of the survey of the Gila liver. The
National Intelligencer says: ,
"By recent letters from M-ijor Emory it ap
pear that the survey of the Rio Grande haa
progressed as far down as Presidio del Norte
where Major E. now is, and that Lieut,.
Mickler, who was engaged in surveying the
river downwards from Eagle Pass, (which
is, we believe, about five hundred miles be
low the Presidio del Norte,)- had completed
the survey, of 135 miles, when, in conse
quence of the more diffiriilt portion of the
work between Presidio del Norte and Eagle
Pass, he- was ordered to work upwards un
til he should meet Major E downward par
ties, when they would all resume work below
the Pass and continuo to the mouth of the
river. Commissioner Bartlett and his par
lies havo probably arrived at El Pjso before
this time." .
Later from Mexico. By advices fro n
Mexico to the 14th ult., we learn that the
Guadalajura insurgents numbered 1,500, and
bad Uken $3,000 from tho mint Davils,
recognized by the Government as tho legit
imate governor, was busy organizing a force
of six battollions of infantry, two regiments
of cavalry, and a battery of twenty-one pie
ces of artillery.
The Mazatlin pronunciamento has n jt
been suppressed. The insurrectionists now
demand that Mazatlnn be se per a ted from the
State o Sinaloa and declared a federal dis
trict. It was reported that the important
port of Tf pic was about to second tne pro
nnnr.iamiento of Mazatlan.
The Comanche in Durango had attacked
and completely routed a party of foriy Mex
icans soldiers, of whom twenty-eight were
killed and eight wounded.
."British Wiuo." How the changes have
been rung upon this term during a presiden
tial campaign; but the Locofoco presses and
orators are all silent now. The lie is too
palpable. Wo have no need ofsaying"Brit
ish Locofoco." The name alono is synon
ymous with tho support of British manufac
tures at the expense of our own.
03Tho celcorated Donnybrook Fuir, in
Ireland, passed off this year rather tamely
Not a fight could bo had for love or money.
So says tho foreign news.
The Demi.--Among the dead in the lute
California intelligence, wo regret to notice
the name of Jonathan Rising of this city.
He died on board tho ship Rostrand on her
passage from San Juan del Stir to Sim Fran
cisco, op the 31st June. Mr. Rising 1 ft
here last Spring. Ho was a young imn
and had been an employee in the store of
Messrs. Reher & Kutz. Wo notice several
othcr deaths of emigrants from Ohio, but
nono of this city or county.
A Sior from Iowa. Wo rejoice to Bee
that tho Iowo 8taat-eilung, winch has
been published for the IbhI four yeur at
Duhunuo as a Democratic paper, has with
drawn the names of Pierce and King from
its columns, and raised the flag of Scott and
Graham. Tho lrgo guins of the Whig
party at the recent election in that State,
predicated upon the then lato nomination
of Scott, and tho ardor with which tho
Whigs are entering into the ennvaas, with
many encouraging signs from the numerous
and intelligent German population in tho
Slate, leave us little room to doubt that we
shall carry Iowa triumphantly for tho Whig
ticket. We warmly welcome tho Staats
Zeitung as a co-luborcr in tho good cause.
Sab Aocidert at Wavf.rlt. The Pike
toil journal says: We learn that a German,
name unknown to us, was so seriouxly burn
ed by the ignition of gas collocti-d in a whis
key reservoir in the distillory at Wavcrly, in
Pike county, that he died in a few hours.
The accident happened uy carrying a ngnt
ed candle too near the reservoir. The only
wonder Is that the entire establishment was
not destroyed, and it must inevitably have
been, had not the workmen with great pres
ence of mind thrown down the trapdoor and
smnthcrod the (lame. Another fortunate cir
cumstance was that the reservoir, which con
tained nearly seventy barrels, was nearly
full, so that comparitively only a small quan
tity olgns had collected.
Madams Sontao, tho greut songstress,
has arrived at New York, in tha Arctic, not
withstanding it was nlleged she had given
up her trip lo tho United States. Wo pre
sumo, there will now bo another musical ex
citement throughout 'he country, surpassed
only by that which followed the arrival of
Jenny Lind. Madame Sontag hns for ninny
years been one of tho most conspicuous stars
of Europe, in various capacities. She first
attracted attention as an artist of the highest
refinement, and subsequently married the
Count do Rossi, formerly an Ambassador
from the court of Sardinia to one of the
European courts, and now sho has return
ed to the stage oi account of pecunliiry
inisforttines, to act mnuluto property for the
education of her children. Her first concert
in tho United States will bo given about
A Nte'w Morstkb Telescope. An un
dertaking of grent interest to scientific per
sons is now being carried out within a few
miles of London. A wealthy country cler
gyman, named Craig, is constru itiii'j a new
monster telescope, on thn nrhronalio princi
ple, which will surpass the celebrated instru
ment constructed by Lord Ross in Ireland
Its total longth will bo 85 feet and its great
est cirrumferenco 13 feet. The weight of
the tube' Is three tons, and tho contrivances
adopted to prevent vibration, and to allow of
its being rapidly turned to any required
point, arc described ns being singularly per
fect and ingenious.
Poi.toamy Anon.! the MoRMoNR. Broth
er Pratt, of the letter-Day Saints, in a prin
ted dofenco of the Mormons and llrigham
Young, snys of tho latter, '-tho number of
the family doe not rxcettd the estimates
which have been going the rounds of the
American press." As It wa reported that
Mr. Young had sixteen wives, more or lea-,
a mojority of them rearing young prophets,
It I thus) tacitly admitted that Una u tho
ftTReaI estate In thn vlclniivnf New
York is commanding a very high price
Sties of land have taken place within a few
day, at Stnten Island, at one thousand five
hundred dollar an acre, off the sea shore,,
and atone thousand two hundred dollnrs,
one thousand, five hundred, three hundred
and two hundred and fifty dollar In many
part of the Island. Cedar Grove, the lease
of which expire next month, is o Herod for
tale. ' There are twenty acre of lond there
Asotheb Soldier Gosk. Mr. Frederick
J. Monnell, the clerk of the ateanior Rein
deer, who was killed by the explosion no
board of that boat, on Saturduy, on the Hud-
I sun river, was a member of the corps of an
j per and miner who erved with so much
I rradit iii Mexico. Out of 70 members who
Ic't for tho. campaign but 30 returned home,
and that number hu since been ve,ry consid
j ernbly thinned by death. , , , ", , ., , v
p fjtrWebsUir'i Dictionary contains
Ftr the Lsacutsr Gutetta '
Whea lh aolemn ahsdn of evening
. lie upon moauataia ereat.
And tl a orill in ha (faun wt v
Sink upon their couch to re
WW ths rustic sound oTahoep-belt '
' tics nrha'nMi4 chanm ths ear,
Vtn th blNtinga ot the goat-hord
Ring out loud Ju l clear
Wlien !& buv boa of iimmor
IIiirw kbout tho closing flonnr.
And tho rpor Umgh o rhildhood
luoa from some sylvan bower - t
1 lovo lo ateal wt fi-nm homo
Upon ona bak'rrlin - ;
Snie moiy Unk wlwro henrh trees grow
- Vt hich grew, too, ulj Ung ine.
Tithin' npnn lieaulot iU) u.
An eyo of mel'ing Llui;
A nir hi. h charinod the singing birds
And kid me captive too.
Tn tliinli upon thetrritint iUco,
The l"w word 4 apnl-nn low,
Th.t oarneat lo-k, the broken aigh
Which made big ter dropa flow.
. To think of braiiN, and ringi and hair,
T'ch formod my youthful loy,
Of airy caa ks pili-d on high,
Ul.ichruim-d all my joya.
To think of j.wund rnnblet through
Tho poplar gtov" w green.
With her wluno witrhirg eys-llaah
. la 'oved ai'toon'aa Sr.Kif.
Oh rould I live again an hoar.
An hour of auch ouru hliua.
A v orth
would I n nderup
A v orthloa tile like thi.
Ijnra.lcr, Scpl 8lh, IH-V1.
Califorsia. We ntihlish reliable statis
tics showing that 1,000 people have arrived t ,
at San Francisco since the 1st of January '
last. It is fair to estimate the arrivals by
sea. during the remainder of 1853, at 35,000,
making 86,000 increase, of population from
that sourco for the current yeor. From
present indications, the overland immigra
tion cannot be less than 40,000 which will
swell thft number of people who visit Cali
fornia during the season to 136,000. Allow
ing for the number who will leave tho State
it will be within bounds to estimate the in
crease of population the present year at a-
bout 100,000. Truly, California Is "going
ahead." Sho will soon bo one of the most
populous States in the Union; and after the
census of IStiO will very likely have suffi
cient political influence to turn the scale in
a Presidential election in favor of which par
ty she chooses.
From a recent estimate, believed to be
correct, it appears that there are 4,330 hous
es in San Francisco, which are presumed to
contain seven persons each making the
population ot this city about thirty thousand.
Five years ago the little town of San Fran
cisc.o'contnincd a few houses built of sun
dryed brick, and lisd a population of less than
fotir hundred. Four yeurs ogo tho popula
tion was still less thun 0110 thousand. The
bore mention of these facts is tho most ap
propriate commentary on the unparalleled
progrcos of the city a city whoso commerce
is felt throughout the world whose exports
are nio-o than 75,000,000 per annum.
According to a provision in tho constitu
tion, a new census will bo taken of Califor
nia thisyear. , Agents have been appointed
for ench county in the State, who are now
performing their labors. Tho census will
bo completed before the bulk of tho over
land immigration reaches tho country, ond
must full ot least 50,000 short of giving the
actual number of inhabitants. .Tho popula
tion of California Will probably reacl350,000
before the 1st of January next. Sun Fran
A Cure for the Lockjaw.-A young lady,
says the Suffolk Gazette, while in tho coun
try some years ago, stepped on a rusty nan,
which ran through her shoo and foot, the in
flammation and pain was of course very
great, and lockjaw apprehended. A friend
of the family, however recommended tho ap
plication of a beet, taken fresh from the
garden, and pounded fine, to the wound. It
was done,snd the effect was very beneliicinl.
Soon the inflammation began to subside,
and by keeping on the crushed beet, chang
ing it for afresh one as its virtue seemed to
become impaired, a speedy euro was dlccled.
Simplo hut effectual remedies like this should
bo known to every one.
Srif.LTHET Comk. The Cincinnati Atlas
nys: David Steidel and fifty other Germans,
ol'Coleranin townships.have becomo disgus
ted with tho corruptions of LocofocoiBm, and
have gone over in a body to tho Whigranks.
They intend ruising an ash pole to day at
the Coleraiu House, and will next Novem
ber vote the Scott and Graham ticket. So
wcgo. If things keep on at the present
rat , Pierce won't be able 10 muster a corpo
ral's gunrd by election day.
Singular Siiipmert uy Expiiess. On
Thursday lust, editor of the Cincinnati Gaz
ette snw at the office of the American Ex
press Company, in that city, n little girl.a
bout ten years of sge, who had been shipped
by express from Washington city to her fath
er, Mr. Perryninn, at Dayton, Ohio. The
cost of transportiiti n -including boarding
and extra care was only $18.
Siiockinii Acciiikst. A fow days since,
os Dr. McNsir, of Tippah, Mississippi, was
lifting his gun from a log while seated 011 his
horso, tho trigger accidentally was pulled,
driving tho contents into his breast and set
ting bis clothes on lire. The horso threw
him, when he managed to get off some of
his clothes, but finally expired. When
found hu own dogs were eating his heart and
War Renewed. The feud in Garrard!
county, Ky., between Dr. Hill and Dr.
Evans, ami their adherents, which sometime
ago resulted in several o( them being killed,
wns renewed a few day ago, when a young
man named Jesso May was shot dead. Sev
eral arrests were made.
A PaRtt of Now York capitalists, among
whom is Mr. George Law, have associated
Ihcmsulvos for the purpose of carrying out a
magnificent un lortnking, in the founding of
anew city opposite New York, on the west
bank of the Hudson, on a tract of land lyiog
between and comprising Jersey City and
llohoken. ' . ;
GoLh Dioomos is Australia. The
Now York papers state that a letter from a
young man to hi brother in New York, da
tod Port Phillip, March 14, state that, in
five woeks time, he had himself dug gold to
tho value of 3,000 sterling, or nearly fclfl,
000. Hon. JiititP. Halr The National Era,
the abolition organ in Washington, announ
ces that "Mr. Hale has not yet written a for
mal le'ter of acceptance, but he has aceepttd
th i PitMurg nomination, nnd will soon take
the field against both the old parlie."
Rtiisive Purchase. Judgo Mason,' of
Burlington, Iowa, rocently purchased frum a
New Yorkcompany the Half Breed tract of
lond in Iowa, amounting to several hundred
thousand acres, and some hundreds of lots
in Keokuk, Iowa.
(ftr A Traveller in a staso coach, not fa
mous for it swiftness, inquired the name of
the coach.- A lellow passenger replied:. "I
think it is the Regulator, for I observe all
the othcr coaches go by it."
There were 4,571,400 pair of shoes
nimie at iynn last year.
. (rTbe total length of the Mississippi
river with all it tributaries, is 5 1,000 mile.
' 03rThe potato disease is making ' groat
ravages in Lower Canada. r
OOThere are In Wisconsin about twenty-five
Tneselay Evening, Sept. 14,1839
Natioral Expenses. The Administra
tion is charged with extravagance, and wnyf
Who is responsible . It ia well known
that we are not yet done paying the
expenses of the Mexican War, but even this
is not all. In reply to a charge of Senator
Dix, the New York Express ay:
. "We venture to aay that now, thi session
of Congress, if Mr. Senator Dix will take
the trouble tq compare the estimates lor ap
nropr'ations with the appropriations, he will
find that Congress baa appropriated millions
yes, millions more than the Administra
tion asked for. ' We have throe items in our
eye this moment, of some magnitude: firtt,
$600,000 for the enlargement of the Capi
tol: second. 8700.000 for some Choctaw
Treaty (see Deficiency Bill;) fAiro. $500,000
extra for the Collins steamers. We could
irnon with a little trouble and make up the
minions, anu eneii lane me irouuiv, it moo
r w facts don't destroy Mr. Dix'a valuable
.... 1 , . . .1 1.1. IT ftkn.o
authority. Mem 850.000 for Mr, Ritchie,
and tho yet unknown douceur to uoyo nam
ilton, the Printer."
It would seem to any sensible man that
a Locofoco Congress ia responsible for all
such appropriation. Here in four or five
items, is nearly two millions of dollars, none
of which were asked for by Mr.. Fillmore,
and this is not all.
Ger. Cass aid the abusers or Geseral
Scott The continued atreom of vulgar
bnse, which the Locofoco press and orators
are pouring upon Gen. Scott, seems to have
disgusted Gen. Cass, as well as many less
distinguished men of that party. In a late
speech in the Senate he said:
"No man could bo nominated for a high
office, and especially for the highest office,
but the vials ot calumny must oe pourca out
upon him, without the slightest reference to
his past life, his previous services, or true
' . ... 1 . . t I r
Character, ms maiory ia ecruuutftcu irum
his birth not to discover his good qualities
and his claim to public consideration, but to
find s 'me subject for attack or misrepresen
tation. He is, without tho slightest scruple,
and without the remotest justification,
charged with crimes that in England would
send him to Botany Bay, and in France to
the galleys; and which, in every country in
the world, should consign him to perpetual
infamy. And that we are not improving is
evident from what is passing around us."
Again reforringto tho attacks on General
Scott, in the same speech, he bears honora
blu testimony to his worth, as u man, a pa
triot, anil a General, in the following re
marks: "It is luuientuble,"says ihc General, "nnd
to a spectator in ! Europe interested iu the
example of our institutions, it must bo le
ploruble. In the Old World it must seem
as though no man were properly qualified to
be a candidate for the Chief Magistracy of
this mighty country, unless he is about the
greatest rascal in it. Now, sir, I will take
no part nor lot in such a worfare. I have 110
appetite for such vicious food. ... For myself,
1 repudiate and reject it. I believe that
Gen. Scott is an honorable, and patriotic eiti
ten, and that he has written his name and his
deeds on one of the brightest page of his coun
try's history; and not one breath of calumny
Iroin me shall ever miner a nngie uaj nj tne
(airlvw(m. and I will not be one to prevent
ciir-iy onu r .
it from boinir
ng lairiy worn. I nuve entoyea -
his personal friendship for
along series ofltne community.
yeore, and I do not menn at this doy by any
calumny to prove myscii unworiiiy 01 11.
In his late speeches on tho stump, Gen,
Cuss has distinctly to'.d his partisans not to
expect from him personal abnso of the
Whlirs or of the Whig candidates, h r he
in nothing of the kind.
Would that oti er politicians, speakers and
writers, . would follow this excellent exam
ple The Whigs or New Hampshire The.
IWiyious Test. TI10 following resolution
was passed at the Stale Convention in New
Rsolveil, That we believe it tr have been
tho design of tho founders of the Govern
ment to make America the asylum of the
oppressed, but never to the subversion of its
distinctive character that it be tho refuge
oliko from religious nnd political oppres
sion, and that within its boundaries civil
privileges should bo unabridged by religious
opinions; theroforo wo, the Whigs of New
Hampshire, arc, as we always have hern, de
cidedly in fuvorof blotting the religious
test from our State constitution.
So much for tho Whigs of New Hamp
shire. - Now Jet the Locofocos take the
sumo stand and we have hopes that enough
of them wiil vote with the Whigs the next
time to wipo out the odious feature in their
Mixed Reasons for Suitortino Pierce.
The Washington llsjwhlk of the 23tl ult.
contains a letter from Mr. Watson G.
Havnes. a Dclcsruto to the late Frco Soil
Convention at Pittsburgh, requesting the
editor to contradict "a vile report going the
round of the papers," lo the effect that ho
(Mr. H. ) was sent to Pittsburgh through
theiufluenco and at tho request of Messrs.
Seward and Greeloy. Mr. Hayncs (who
turns out to have been a Democrat in fis
guise) indignantly repel the charge, and
gives three reasons for supporting Mr.
Pierce. He says; :
"I recommend Mr,' Pierco on Free Soil,
Anti-Popery, and Anti-Maine Law
Nathan Crist. This individual who
was srrcstcd, tried and convicted for the mur
dor of Theodore Nyo at Mobile, was execut
ed on the 3d inst, in presonce of a large mul
titude. Previous to his execution, he con
fessed his guilt. . He states that ho previous,
ly deniod it in hope of a commutation of his
sontencc, in order that his guilt might not
rest upon his wifo and child.' He went to
the room where Nye was sleeping several
times boforo he could commit tho foul deed.
Valuable Surep. It i said that at the
late exhibition of the Vermont State .Agri
cultural Society, there were sheep of tho
French merino breed preaent which one
thousand dollar would not buy, and the
stock from which sell readily for from two
hundred to two hundred and fifty dollars for
ewes, and from two hundred to two hundred
and fifty for bucks.
Tobacco Crop or Virginia, The Rich
mond Times publishes a compartive state
ment of the tobacco crop of Virginia for this
and the preceding yeor, from which it ap
pears that the total yield of 1851 was 30,454
hhds., whilst for the seven months of the
present year the inspections slready amount
to 47,421 hogsheads. By October it is
thought the quantity will reach 00,000 hogs
heads, being an increase of more than fifty
The ruling prices, though not so
laigh a dnrinir the preceding, years, have
been sufficiently, handsome to remunerate
Whio Doctrirk OR THI TAtirr. At
the Baltimore Convention, the Whigs reas
serted the sentiments they have always ad
vocated, in rotation to the tariff, ia the fol
lowing terms:'" ' ' "
Goverment should be conducted upon
principles of the strictest economy, add rev
enue sufficient for the expenses thereof, in
time ot peace, ought to be mainly derived
from a duty on imports, and not from direct
A I . , t j...- J 1
taxes; ana in levying sucu uuuee, euuuu pul
ley, require a Just discrimination; and pro
tection from fraud by specific duties when
practicable,, whereby suitable . ercoURaOe
mert may be assured to American industry,
equally to all classes, and to all portions of
the country. 1
The leaders 6f the Locofoco parly have
arrayed themselves against thi doctrine,
and in so doing, have arrayed themselves
against the manufactering interests of the
country. They assert that a tariff is a tax
upon the consumer, and they keep making
this assertion, though challenged to point
to a single article that has received six years
protection that has not sold at a less price
at the end of that time than it did when the
duty wss first imposed. The Whig doctrine
is precisely that advocated by Washirotor,
Jefferson, Madisor, Morrob and Jack
bor. The following letter, written by Jack
sostoDr. Colemas, in 1824,. and reaffir
med by him in a letter to Gov. Rat, of Indi
ana, in 182$, is a good exposition of Whig
policy on this question:
Washington City, April itilh, 1824.-Heav-cu
smiled upon us, and gave us liberty and
independence. That same Providence has
blessed us with the means of national inde
pendence and national defence. If we omit
or reTuse to uso the gifts which have been,
extended to us we deserve not the continua
tion of His blessings. He has filled our moun
tains and our plaiuswith minerals with
lead, iron and copper and given us a cli
mate and soil for the growing of hemp and
wool. These being the great materials of
cur national defence, they ought to have ex
tended to them adequate and fair protection,
that our manufacturer and laborers may be
(placed in a fair competition with those of
Europe, and that we may have within our
country a supply of those leading and impor
tant articles so essential in war.
I will ask, what is tho real situation of the
agriculturist! Where has the American far
mer a market for his surplus produce! Ex
cept for cotton, he has neither a foreign nor
)a home market. Does not this clearly prove,
i when there is ho market at homo nor abroad
i that there is too much labor employed in
agriculture I Common sense at once points
out the remedy. Toko from agriculture in
the United Slates six hundred thousand men,
women and children, and von will at once I
give a market for more breudHtuffs than all
Europe now furnishes us. In short, sir, we
have been too long subject to the policyof
British merchants. It istiino we should be
come a little more Americanized, and instead
of feeding paupers andlaborers of England,
feed our own; or else, in a short time, by
continuing our present policy, we shall all
be rendered paupers ourselves. It is, there
fore, my opinion that a careful and judicious
tariff is much wanted to pay our national
debt, and to afford us the means of that de
fence within ourselves, on which the safety
of our country and liberty depends; and lost,
though not least, give a proper distriliulion
, 1 , ... .
the hannmess. indenendence. and wealth of
1 am, sir. very respectfully, -
Your most obedienlservant,
What was tho true doctrine then, is tho
trae doctrine now. It is high time we bIiouIJ
becomo Americanized, provide for American
1 Itilw.,,,- 1 naf Anil t( Ttritidli nn Hnom Mil nli t
, . ' , , , .
Anutm-nn Htirl tint LlrilaMli r.nntllilntPM.
(Corruption on the Public Works. It
; is known that Billy Sawyer rnd the untcr-
rihed Democracy.' of tho Northwest,, were
not overly well pleased with the nomination
of A. P. Miller for member of the Board of
Public Works, anil that many of them, rath
er than support him, voted fur Mr. Conover,
tho Whig candidate. The original caase ofi
me leua is a uiauer 01 no consequence, oui
ruceni uurt'iupeinciiie, gruw mu; uui 01 11, ere
rather important to the public, it seems
that some months ago, Sawyer got up a pub
lic meeting of the Democracy - of Mercer
county, and demanded tho appointment of
0110 Michoel Wttlktco to-the office of engi -
ncer oil the canal, X lie Hoard ot l'uiilic
Works in obodience to the demands of Saw
yer and his friends, made the appointment.
Suwyer became security on Wallace's offi- Georgia. The Columbus Enquirer, a
cial bond, and Wallace became Sawyer's 'staunch advocate of the Constitutional U11
tool, as will presently bo seen. . i ion party, has placed the names of Scott and
The timecume round when certain jobs on ' Graham at the head of it columns, and goes
a I. I. n. ,.il.n. .. I ti utriplr mnnftillar In tK.tlsa Miiian W a wr-
11 ie lytimii were iu uo ivit anu uiiiun ti 111:1 9
lilU ClUUIJIIlir U hJb. Ilia IT O DUDI1I. UdWYl'l
. . . . 0 - . . '
was a bidder for the contract, and i
it was awarded to him by the Instrument he
had secured for that purpose Engineer
Wolluce. The work was done, measured
by Wallace, and paid for by the State. So
far, all had turned out exactly as intended;
but a squabble arose between Sawyer nnd
some of his confederates about the "spoils,"
and it cam4 tn Miller's ears that there had
been "gouging" on operation to which per
haps he would not have objected, except that ! jrmcd that at B Loo-Foco mating recent
it furmshed him the very opportunity he de- ; , heW at New Ca8tl jn thi(, cont one
sired, to expose and put down an enemy.-, ,'f undertook the mania task of
Accordingly the Board of Public Works had
Wullaco arrested, for obtaining money from
the State under false pretences, tho specific
chargo being that he had mado false esti
mates upon Sawyer's job; corruptly allowing
for moro work than had been done. The
trial took place before Smith, or Gun-Smith,
as he is called, a justice of the peace in St.
Marys, and a particular friend of Sawyer,
.The triul took place in a large room up
stairs at the Sawyer House, in St. Marys,
and from all accounts, must have been the
most amusing specimen of judicial proceed
ings ever witnessed. We leavo ail that,
however, to be filled up by tho imagination.
Tho material thing which we wish to state,
as showing how Locofocoism manages in
the Northwest, is the fact disclosed on the
trial sworn to by John W. Erwin, of Ham
ilton, Resident Engineer that Wallace, in
estimating Sawyer's job, had allowed more
cubic yards of excavation, in cleaning out
tho basin, than tho whole number of cubic
yards originally in it!
The work, thus estimated, was paid for by
the State, and we presumo that a more cor
rupt piece of business has not been transact
ed since the time when certain Locofoco con
tractors, in collusion with dishonest Engi
neers, enriched themselves out of the Treas
ury of Ohio, as shown in the Report of the
"Committee on Rascality."
' It only remains to be stated that Wallace
was discharged by Sawyer's Justice of the
Peace, and in a few days, with his share of
the stealings, broke for California. Dayton
Scott in California. Mr. M. W.
Trader, formerly Route Agent on the C.
C. Si C. R. R., writes from San Francisco,
that tho nomination of Scott was received
with the greatest enthusiasm, anil that in
tho two days and nights after the reception
of the news the Whig of San Francisco
burned at least a ton ol powder." They fired
four vuns in bsttery, two eight and two six
' fJCTThn approximate cost of the
ville and Nashville Railroad, its equipment.
i uepot, c, is jpo,ouu,uuu.
The Ckippaea CM. The address of Capt.
Clarke last evening, was well received by
the audience and calculated to do good. He
still has the vigor of former years in him and
like all others 1 Interested fn this canvass.
He confined himself chiefly to a discussion
of the Tariff and Internal Improvement ques
tions, which divide the two parties. It was
a good speech. The Club adjourned over to
next Tuesday, when It Is expected that Mr. '
O'Neil ofZanesville will deliver an address,
On the Monday evening following, William
P. Creed, Esq., will address the Club. ' The
committee are at work and hereafter the
Club will continue to be supplied with good
speakers, at the same titno giving them am
ple time for preparation.
. Cheeriso Words from ah Old Patriot
ard Pioreex. The following extract, says
the Ohio State Journal, from a business
letter from the veteran servant of the pco
pie, Johh JoHssToa, will bo read with inter
est. The words of such men, who have
seen so much of life, and who, for fifty years
have shown that they love their country
and know how to serve it acceptably, ought
to make a profound impression on the minds
of every American citiien. We trust they
will not be lost, and that British interests
and British gold will not bo permitted to
triumph now, any more than they did forty
years ago when our gallant Scott then led
the American hosts against this same Brit
ish influence and interests: ' '
Dayton Ohio, Sfptemlier 9, i8j2. Messrs.
Scott J- BascomSirs; Tho late very warm
weather, my advanced years and declining
health prevented my going up to the Con
vention. My heart beats as warm as ever
in the Whig cause, and whatever of mind or
body is left of theiold pioneer, shall be most
cheerfully devoted to its service. . I read ev
erything pro and con within my reach, and
am stronirlv assured of the success of our
cause. It would be most strange indeed if
the Western States should be found suppor
ting Mr. Pierce for the Presidency, with the
evidence of his recorded opinions and votes
against all that concerns our prosperity and
greatness. He is rfbw too old a man to change
his opinions, and besides this, the politicians
of the South, who have taken his cause into
keeping, .vould take special care, in the
event of his election, to keep him on the
ground assumed. Let the West look to this
in time. The Richmond Enquirer has al
ready told them what they may expect from
Mr. Pierce's election.
Your friend, and
The Whig Review The Soptember num
ber of this Review contains several articles
of tho highest merit. During the pnst yeai
it has been considerably improved, and now
compares favorably with any work of a like
character in the country. Each number
contains one or more likenesses of some dis
tinguished Whig. Afforded as it is, at the
present time, at the low rate of three dollars
per annum, its subscription list should be
greatly increased. Its political feature is
not its only merit. Each number contains
un excellent critical essay,.a compend of the
of the news of the day and a variety
of literary matter calculated to interest any
one. D. W. Holly, Publisher, New York
OTTIio August number has nut yet come 1
to hand. .
The Blue Rij;e Tunnel. A Western
correspondent of the Potersburgh Intelli
gencer states that the workmen on ihe east
ern side of the tunnel have penetrated about
six hundred feet; on the western side about
nine hundred feet. Tho whole length of the
tunnel when completed will bo 3,400 feet.
U. S. Troops on the Isthmus. Tho N.
Y.- Express contains a statement exonerat
ing the U. S. army officers from the charge
of deserting their men on the Isthmus, when
tne-chulera rogeif amorrg them. It is alleg.
c& that the assertion of the Tanama papers
i la uniounued.
Cuba. The Boston Courier says that"
well-informed persons, masters of vessels,
I an others recently from the Islund.ore very
. decidedly of the opinion that thore is no rev
olutionary feeling among tho planters and
residents of that Island.
: v u iiii . u uv . -
wavsnnah k annliliran
f wrw .iu. feiiw " - .uiiiueii
1 1 .1 . a j-i 1 . a
niaco oin me cscwu ana uran&miicKci ana
tho Webster and Jenkins one at the head of
its columns. All tho Whig and Union pa
pers in the State are doing battle against
Pierce nnd King; and the chances seem to
be that many of tho Union Democrats will
not vote for those gentlemen, on the ground
that it is peculiarly tho ticket of the Suces-
1 fir . vriF0t UvnTlL-tn W .i mi, vol i I . I w In.
outrageously slandering tbe character of
Gen. Soorr alleging that he was a cold,
unfeeling wretch, and charging that be act
ed tho tyrant with the men under his com
mand in Mexico. He had not proceeded lar
with his remarks, when a brave soldier who
had served under Gen. Scott in Mexico,
arose, and sung out, to tbe ton of his breath
-"HURRAH FORSCOTTl"- Tbespeok-
cr was nonplussed, and the whole house was
the scone of the- wildest excitemen. At
length, one ot the faithful approached the
soldier, and remarked, "How is this! . J al
ways suposed that you was a Democrat."
"So I am," "but my Democracy ia of that
character which repudiates gross and wan
ton attacks upon the best General and one
of the best and kind-hearted men that ever
the sun shone upon. I know General Scott,
and I will not sit silent, and heap him scan
dalized and abused. Tell me not that Gen.
Scott is an unfeeling wretch, or a tyrant
IT IS A LIE co is neither to his kind
attention I am indebted for my life, I have
always voted the Democratic ticket; but if I
live until next November my. vote shall be
given for Winfield Scott."
' Tho effect of this reply con bo imagined
it cannot be adequately described much
less, when we state the farther fact, that be
fore the meeting adjourned FIFTEEN oth
ers joined tho brave soldier, and made the
ait ring' with shouts for Scott and Graham.
So much then for Locofoco abuse of our
candidate. Continue it, if yon choose lie,
if you please but look out for the result
Land Warrants. A rumor has obtained
circulation In Wall street, New York, that a
large amount of 160 acre Warrants have
been issued, where the parties were really
entitled to but 80 acres; and it is stated that
the. Department atWashington is now send
ing 80 acre Warrants to the same persons,
and callingjforthe roturn of the 180 acre
Warrants improperly, issued. Previous to
this rumor Warrants were heavy and declin
ing, and this has had the effect' to depress
them still more. Theyi are, selling now
from $146 to 150 for 160 acres; parts in. pro
portion. ... i
General sott -In Mexico.
We have at length a copy of the order i
sued cy uen. ecott while Commander-inJ
Chief of the American army in Mexico, witb
re pect to the deportment of his soldiers id s
presence of the religions (Catholic) observ J
anccs of the Mexicans. We give the order
entire, though part of it ha no relation ty
the matter under discussion. Here it is:
HeadqvarTersof thr Arvt, ' J.
Mexico, Sept. 24, 1847. J
general orders no. S97.
1. Hero, as in ail Romas Catholic conn
tries.tbere are frequent religious processions;
in the streets as well as in churches such
as the elevation of the host, the viauoum,
3. The in terra ptiofl of such procession
has already been prohibited in orders, and
as no civilized person will ever wantonly do
any act to hurt the religious feelings of oth
ers, it is earnestly requested of all Protest'
ant Americans either to keep out of the
way, or to pay to the Catholic religion and
its ceremonies every decent mark of respect
' 3. In the case of the' viaticum (visits of
consolation to the sick and dying,) comman
der of corps are requested when called tip
on, to allow two Roman Catholic soldiers to
perform the usual function on inch occa
sion. :.. ; i
4. There is every reaotifi W Veliev'e, jthaf
a very large distribution of knives anu air.'',
has recently been made to liberated convicts
(thieves and murderers) for the purpose of
assassinating American soldiers found drunk
or otherwise off their guard. . .. ,
5. Measure are in progress to search out
and seize for execution the instigators and
leaders of these assassins. In the mean
time guards and patrols will search all sus
picious persons, disarm, snd, if necessary ,
confine them for trial and punishment.
By command of Major General Scott.
H. L. Scott, A. A. A. G.
We shall not write one line in defence,
nor even in explanation of that order. There
it is; and if any one see fit to voto against
Gen. Scott because of ft, let him go ahead!
The hero cannot need such votes to elect
We give a fuller account of Gen. Scott's
courso with respect to the religion of Mexi
co from the pen of an omcer who was with
him throughout his Mexico campaign. We
give this also without comment, for none
can be needed:
To tlie Editor of the Berks and SchuvlkiU
I desire" to make, through tho columns of
your widely circulated paper, it brief public
statement concerning Gen. Scott and the
Catholics in Mexico. I do this because the
question has been asked me an hundred
times over within the last month "Did
Gen. Scott order you to kneel before the
Catholic priest whilu in Mexicol" Now.it
was my good fortune to follow Gen.' Scott
from his landing at Vera Cruz to the City of
Mexico, and I can say in all candor and
truth, that I never heard of such an order,
nor do I believe any body else ever heard of
such an order, emanating from Gen. Scott.
True, he was respectful and humane in all
that ho did or said to the Mexicans. This
is stamped indelibly npon the page of histo
ry, and you may search its records in vain
for a campaign that was conducted with such
unparalleled humanity as that in Mexico. .,
Soon after tho battle of Cerro Gordo, ho
adressed "a humane and re-assuring proc
lamation to the Mexican people." In that
document he tells them:
"We hove not profaned your temples, nor
abused your women, nor seized your proper
ty, ns they would have you believe."
"We say this with pride, and we confirm
it by your own bishops, dec-
"The army of the United States respects,
and will always respect, private property of
every description, and the property of tho
Mexici n Churches,"
"Mexicans! the past cannot bo redeem
ed, but tho future may be provided for. Re
peatedly have I shown you that the Govern
ment ami people ;of the United States de
sire pr-nec desire your sincere friendship."
"1 (un marching with my army upon Pu
eblo and Mexico. I do'not conceal it; from
those Capitols I bhull again address yon. - I
desire peace, friendship and union. It is for
you to elect whether you prefer war. n
der nny circumstances Be assured rsh'aU:
not fuil.it my word.5'
.With such peaceful and conciliatory mcs
sagerdib Gen, Scott address the Mexican-'
people. And while he did so, he asked his
soldiers to set as became Americans. No
such humiliations as foul-mouthed politicians
would have the people believe, were ordered
by liiui; and I now do, in justice to the Commander-in-Chief,
and in justice, to every
soldier that followed him through the cam
paign, pronounce the charge a libelous false
hood, and its author, if not a buse dema
gogue, a political falsifier, whose blackened
heart is destitute of every principle of truth
- , , , . f
rI hfl In ti H ftp nn if i n tnti n Or li n no rrnm tlid
. : . r. r : ' r-.-r. -
fuct that Col.. Child a veteran officer of
the 1st Artillery did, while acting Govern
or of Jalapa, order the main guard to salute
tl e'Host ss it passsed the guard hooee.
I am not sufficiently posted up in ' the cere
monies of the Romish Church, to give a
correct description of the parading of tho
Host. As much as I saw, however, it was
a procession that formed at one of the chur
ches, consisting of ono or two priests, bear- .
infr crosses; these were preseeded by three
boys, who carried bells, and rang them
while the' procession moved,- to-notify tho
people of their approach. The priests are
followed by single file processionR,consistlng
of about3 ) or 40,walking on either side of the
street. These nearly a II carry lanterns, (it
being always in tho night)and as tffey movt
along the streets singing chants, the Me
icans reverence it, by gutting on their knees,
where they remain uncovered until the pro"
cession is out of sight. When it passes a
military post, the guard Is always turned out
to salute the Host. This tbey do by get
ting on their, knees and coming to & present
arms; and it was this, that Col. Child or- .
dered pur guard to do during a parade of the
hosts, through the streets of Jaiapa, and no
one that is fully acquainted wiiu the circum
stances of the case, will charge that veteran
officer of impure motives in so ordering. '
I don't know what his principles Bre, nor
do I csre, whether li3 is a Whig or a Demo
crat, a Catholic or a Protestant. What
care I for his political or religious creed, so
so long as he.isconsistant and pure in his
motives? He thought it necessary to do so
at that time, bee a use our garrison was small
j and the town large,and it was but prudent than.
we Should nave the good opinion of its su
perstitious inhabitants, and makes them fa
vorably inclined toward us. Hence, as a.
matter of respect to the citizens of Jalapa,
he ordered the guard to salute the Host. - .
But where was Gen. Scott while all this
was transacted k Jalapa! Just where he
should have been-rowr one hundred mito
advance, with the main army at Pvbela! ; tie,
knew no more of .this order of Col. Child,,
than President Polk, who wss then at Wash-,
ington. I dare any of thoae sheets tba.t
irave publicity to the slander, to prove, tfce-
" .. . . m:ti . i .
contrary ot mis siaieracui. . iju, mun .
wait. - Wm GRAEFr Jr..
..Reading, Pa.July 1,1853.
Utica, Sept. . 9th. This .has , bejv the
great day of the State Fair, and it is esti
mated that 100,000 persons are present, in
cluding Gov. Hunt and the State offioersx, .
fjrThe Republic says that about .four
hundred land, warranta of the different de
nominationsare issued'daily from, the. Pen- .