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The weekly Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1852-1855, October 07, 1852, Image 2

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Monday Kvoulnti, .'f-4. IH-VJ
lutrrrttins CorriosnIcMrp.
Ve have been rcqnestfd to re-publish I lie
ljtter of Ex-Governor Lucas, nndaccordin;;
ly make room for it below. The younjj men
of Locoforoism may charge the F.x-Govcrn-or
with being in hi dotage, but the letter
below give no evidence to sustain the mis
erable falsehood. It speaks for itself. The
venerable Democrat knows the difference
between Democracy ami Loeofbcoism, be
tween love of conntry and love of spoils,
tnd his plain and candid statement of the
reasons which have Influenced bis course,
cannot be overcome by silly replies and base
n i; ".uii umniicuu ii m me
calm consideration of voters:
low Cirr, Septembers, MU-l. Ev-Gov.
..Robert Lucas: Honored Sir: I have,
wiili in the last few weeks, seen it stated in
number of the Whig pupir of Iowa, and
. elsewhere, that you havo expressed yourself
in favor of the election to the next Presi
dency of General WinliuM Scott, 6ml that
you would support him with your vole unit
I assure, you sir, that I was much pleased
.to learn that this was the position you occu
pied. But within the last few days this re
port has been contradicted in some of the
Democratic papers in this Stato.
Sly object, tlieretore, in addressing juu
this lima, is to learn from vou, over your own
signature, what arc your i'eeti;s and view
in relation to mo ntness uhu iimiiiicu"
of th turn nrnmiiieiil men now before I lie A
qiiallNCOIIOnS I
. merican people as candidate for the high
, end pre-eminently responsible position ol
President of these United States; and
whether or not you design (supporting Gen.
Winticld Scott for thatollicc.
An answer from you nt your earliest con
venience will very much oblige your friend
and obedient servant, S. 51. Mallard.
. To Ex-Gov. Li'cas, near Iowa City, Iowa.
' pf.riw GnoVE, September 3, 1852.
Dr. S. M. Bamako Dear Sir. Your
letter of yesterday in relation to statements
"in a niimberof U'hig papers of Ohio and
elsewhere," concerning the position which
1 now occupy, and your inquiries us to my
"feelings and views," towards Generals
Winn" eld Scott and Franklin Pierce as can
didates for the next Presidency, is now be
fore me.
Anl, in answer to it, permit me to :iy to
you, that it is with no ordinary interest I
view the contest now goin(? on between the
friends of General Winfieid Scott und Gen.
Franklin Pierce the two prominent men
now candidates for the Presidential choir 'of
the Union, the one noniinteil by a Whig Na
tional Convention tho other by a Conven
or the Democratic party. I have, sir, lis
you know, olways been n Democrat; i
was born a Democrat, and I expect to live
the balance of my days as such, und then die
a Democrat. '
I supported Thomas Jefferson for tho Pres.
idoncy. I supported Mr. Madison two terms,
Mr. Monroe twice, und was one of the elec
tor in Ohio that voted for Moiiroo at the
time of his second election. In IS21 I was
placed at the head of the Jackson doctoral
ticket in Ohio; in 1838 was chosen an elec
' tor in that State, and giivo my vole, as such
for General Andrew Jackson.
I was President of the Democratic National
Convention at Baltimore, in Itf.'W, which
nominated Genoral Jackson for re-nomiiia-tion,
and that recommended Martin Van
Huron as a candidate for Vice President on
the same ticket; I supported Mr. Van Jliiren
for the Presidency in 1 H3i onrl 1810. I vot
ed for Generul Cusstn 1818,' and should
freely vote for him aguin were ho a candi
date. TliCBonro so mtiny proofs of my title
of Democrat. This title has been well
' earned, and my right to it shall never be im
"paired. Unt I cannot support Franklin
Piereo by word or deed, for the important of
fice of President, consistent with principles
which I havo evt$ ns a Democrat entertain
ed, nor with the voluntary pledges I mndu to
lite Democratic Convention of (Jliio. which
nominated me in 18:14, us a candidate for re
election to tho ollico f f Governor of that
flourishing Stale; these pledges being ns fol
lows; "My 'motto has ever been, principles,
measures, and men thai will curry principles
and measures into effect and you limy rest as
sured, that whatever tuny bo my Mntjoii or
situation in life, you may always find mo in
the ranks of Democracy, supporting llio prin
ciples and measures llml were professed and
Acted upon in the administration of Jefferson,
Madison, Hiul a Jack son, and such men as
will carry their principles and measures into
The position Mr. Pierce has evor occupied,
In Congress or any other public, station, in
reference to questions vital to Western pros
perity, has been ontagonistical to thoso
which were advocated and dearly cherished
by those eminent statesmen whose election
to the Presidency I most heartily and cordi
ally advocated. They (might, and I baveiil
wayi believed that tho Constitution vested
in congress mo power io open it nu repuir
liarnors nun remove obstruction iroin navi
gable rivers; ntid that it was expedient that
lyongrcss should exercise such power when
ever such improvements are necessary for tho
common defence for tho protection and fa
cility or commerce with foreign nations or
among tho States said improvement being
natiniml and general in their character. I
understand Mr. Pierce to superadd to tho a
.bove doctrine, a proviso to tho effect, that
tho waters on which those improvements aro
proposed to bo madu shall bo suit und that
they ahall be moved by tidei. He has in cf-1
foct, doclarod that tho depths of the waters
to bo improved, nor their capocity for trade
among the States, form no criterion Tor n
just demand upon le.leral protection. His
pohticol hUory as coUeru-a from llis aclim,
In Congress, no less thmi hi. Wtler to the
committee oHIm Convention, accentiiur hj
nomination to tho Presidency in t,
set forth in the Plnform, furnish cvidcnrir,r
t .11:... ... I, . I . ' 1 111
nis iiosmiiy 10 inn prominent iiieusurpsl
which tend to Western prosperity, of which!
Internal Improvcmeiitsaiid Domestic ImUia.l
try sro the inotit Important.
As a Western man therefore, and as an
original Jackson Democrat, us a friend to
Internal Improvements, und to lha Protec
tion and encouragement of American Indus
try, I cannot and I will not support such a
man as Franklin Pierce for the Presidency.
Arid as thero are now but two prominent
candidate before tho Aiiietiran people,
iiamoly: Winfield Scott and Franklin
Pierce, one of whom will necessarily be
elected tho next President, I shall most
eheerfully and freely give my vote and intlu
fnfetoGpn. Scott. I boliove him by far
the best Democrat of the two.and on whom
every friend to the West particularly, and
to Internal Improvement, and to the pro
motion of American Industry, ought to pre
fer and to cordially support.
' Before I conclude I wish to call your at
"Vtcution to a short article which la luken from
the Iowa Capital Reporter of tho 1st inst.
It i a follow:
, -Ex-Oovernor Lttctu J- GVn, gc.ott. We
eo the Whig paper aro glorying over what
they suppose to bo one Instance of a Drm
ocrut who will support Gen. Scott. We
think their glory will be much diminished,
when they ore informed thul It i still doubt-
, Ml whether Rx-Gov. Lucas will vot for
Scott. lie assure us. that he. much prefer-LiKCT. Gov. Me dill. On Friday week
red Mr. Killinore's nomination and would last, our fellow townsman was in Wilminf
h.ve voted fir him cheerfully. That he dis- j ton anJ ,JtlreMed lha unU;rrified. Hi.
likes Scott personally and politically, ond it I , . , . .
will be with reluctance if ho vote, lor him at after his speech is marked out below,
all. Kx-Gov. Lucas' sympathies arc with
the Whijr. Par,y induced by what he consid
ers injustice to himself personally by the
leader of the Democratic party of this State,
so that the Whigs need not flatter '.hem
selves that the personal popularity of Gen.
Scotl had any influence on Gov. Lucas'
Now sir, I wish to state that the litnr ol
that paper has never been authorized by me,
or any other person for me, to make any
such statements as those contained in the
above copied article. It is true that I have
often expressed my admiration of the admin
istration or Mr. Fillmore; but never have I
said that I entertained personal diMiko to
Gen. Scott. On the contrary, i have ever
admired his braverv as a soldier and his -kill
ami qualification as n commander in the
various battles in which lie has hern en
rrniroft frum t h inmiiii'li(piuMil nf ttift' ttar
r . , ,,un lnlh,i nlrvvi.'ini vr. Hem a
hrave and true soldier. In every promin
ent attitude that it-has fallen to mv lotto
observe hiin, I never doubted hi being a
pure patriot, us well as an efficient, capable
and honest man. '
My 'sympathies" have always been with
honest men and with g.-miine old-fashoned
Democracy. I am not n progressive Loco
loco, and tht cditur f the reporter uglit to
know tlio difl'erence that I believe exists be
tween Hie doctrines of Democracy and those
of Lofolocoism; lor some time since I re
peated to him, In ciibstancp, the following:
"The advocate ol true Democracy always
act with pure and upright motives, and in
the selection of men ond the adoption of
measures, they strive for such ns are calcu
lated to enhance tho wellure of the whole
..... .....I . 1... . ..., f i. nl,
uuillijr pun ui gil-uiiliuao ui iti .
iionehiy, iniiniuiness,aiia unswerving iiiu j
rity.as well as enlarged capacity, have ever
been considered us essentials upon the part
of their officers, and no true Democrat should
ever knowingly support inch os do not pos
sess these qualifications. On the contrary,
Locofocoisin selects such men and advo
catessuch measures ns will insure to the
leaders the seven principles referred to by
John C. Calhoun, to wit: "tho five loaves
and two fishes.' "
Tho tried and faithful Democrats they
discard, unless they will, ot tho dictation ol
King Caucus, make paity spirit ond parly
discipline the nt plus ultra of their principles,
slapding ready at the word of party command
to advocate ony and everything to secure
Hip spoil nf office, not hoediiigthe claims
or Illness of tried and faithful public, scr
vmu. They Mihstilulo party platforms for
llic constitutions, laws ami estunlielied usa
ges of their country, n ml all who will not
Mistuin these platforms ore ennsiedred of
unlit to bo tuo-recipients of public l.ivnrs."
Trusting that my positions and views
may be fully understood, c with the warmest
wIhIips for the Biiccess of the friends of west
ern improvements, and for suitable protec
tion and encouragement to American In
dustry, I remain truly your friend and oh't serv'l
To S. M. Hallahd, Iowa City, Iowa.
Conn sessional Candidates. 1st Dist.
Nine wards and a portion of Hamilton coun
ty Win. II. Cassilly, v, and David T. Dis
ney, d.
S!d. Iliilance of Cincinnati and balance of
Hamilton county John Scotl Harrison, ir,
and K. C. Roll, if.
3d. llutler, Preble and Montgomery L.
D. Campbell, w, and C.L. Vallandigham, d.
4th. Miumi, Darke, Shelby, Auglaize,
Mercer mid Allen Joseph Plunkclt, w, M.
Nichols, nnd Dr. Gilpatrick,. .
Clli. Van Wert, Paulding, Putnam, De
fiance, William, Fulton, Lucus, Wood, Hen
ry ond Hancock A. P. Kdgerton, d.
fith. Clermont, drown, Highland and
Adams Nelson Barrcrc, w3 mid Andrew El
lison, rf.
7th. Warren, Clinton, Greene, Fayette
and Madison Aaron Harlan, te, and Isaac
Telfair, d.
8th. Clark, Chainpoign, Logan, Union
and-Delaware Mjses 11. Corwin, , and
J. II. Young,.
Dili. Hardin, Marion, Wynndot, Craw
ford, Seneca, Sandusky mid Ottawa Fred
eric k W. Green, d.
loth. Scioto, Lawrence, Gallia, Jackson,
Pike and Ross John L. Taylor, Theo
dore Khcrrcr, d.
11th.- -Fairfield, Hocking, Perry, Alliens,
Vinton and Meigs John Welch, w, Thomas
Ritchey, d.
12lh. Franklin, Licking mid Pickoway
Samuel Galloway, te, I'Mson B. Olds, J.
13lli. Morrow, Richland, Huron and
Krle Fhenezer H. Sadler, re, Win. D. Lined,
ley, (, Jacob llrinkerhnll1,. s.
1-llh. Lorain, Medina, Wayne and Ash-
j Hon i
I....I u...
L. Lotkwood, if, II II. John-
iSth. Tuscarawas.Kiiox, Coshocton, and
Pith. -Morgan, Washington, and Muskin
gum Edward Bull.ir, James M. Gaylord,
17lh. Belmont, Guernsey, Monroe und
Noble Curio C. Carroll, , .Wilson Shan
non, .
"18th. Porlogf, Stark and Sumnnl-Tliom
as Earel.ji, L. V. Biereo, idf, , Darius
Lyman, ir, and Judge Georgo Itliss.r.
IKtll. Cuyhoga, Lako and Geauga Wm
Case, ii, II. V. Wilson, d, ond Edward
Wndo,, ,
30th.' Ashtabula, Trumbull and Muhnii
ing Ebon Newton, w, Samuel B. Wood, (
and J. R. Giddinirs, , j.
21st. Columbiana, Jefferson, Carrol and
Harrison A, L. Ilrewer, w, and Andrew
Stowarl, (.
Democratic PyRAmin! !-Malim ami I-
owaaro stepping out all tho rest will dolo
bet on.
Citncord 'JVtVKie. '
Wo would r.dvlso our Loeofoco friends
I not to bet to i largely on Virginia and Mis
urwiicii a !, hown himself
" dollars, we need not hesitato to
irosv nun With Uim,,.. Wl,..n . ,lriu..r Ly
carried us over sn if,.... i.. i. i
wo have no
, , i,nuiiijr iuujii lunu,
. , 1 I'imnuiii II I 111 Hit'
re. iHjto take us over a s,llno, yVkrn
a doctor ha cured us ol malignant tvphua,
wo feel safe under Iiih presr.rtntiona 'tor an
otluck of bleeding noso. And when a cen
lleman has led us to victory throunh wo
such wars as we probably ahull not see -gain
tilt our babies are grown to bo the olil.
neimiuuoi in .,:.... i.:. .. .1...
ulin in a teason of profouud peace. Win.
flIJ Neatt.lnn.l nt ll.a l.el.n ulmll nr .1,1..!
was among breakers, in a dark and stormy
....... ,.,,,
night. We think we can trust hiin with the
Captain' until in tho Cabin in the deep
smooth water, with luvorablo breezes astern.
A'. F. Tim. .
Immigration. It ha already been men.
tioned that fi.833 foreign immigrants arrl.
ved ut New York on Thursday und Friday,
of lust week. Siucv then g'J vessels have
arrived from Europe, bringing 7,321 passen
ger. t is said hat the most of them have
already darted westward, where there is am
ple room for millions yet to conic. .
which we copy Trom the llepubiican of that
place: - ' .
The' Model Drnaaoiui. The dignified
Lieut. Gov. Modi!) employed his distinguish
ed talents in street conversation a portion of
the evening he spent here, poisoning the
mindsnf Irish lahorets against Gen. Scott.
Such is Gov. Medill.
It seems to us that the Col. might have
conducted himself with more propriety, be
ing one of the Directors of the Railroad
company ond thus enabled to pxercido an of
ficial influence, which to ay the least is not
very becoming. .
VmoiMA Kkeaking l)otE. Tho last
Kannw l.a Republican says-'W suspect the
leaders of the Pierce party in this county will
bo forced l appoint a committee to hold
their Vigilance Committee before tho can
vass Is over." Read and Judge: -For
the Republican.
Molt" of Sakdy, K'ab. Co.,)
Sept. 11, 1852.
Mr.. Newtob: We lind that our Demo
cratic Irieii'is nave appoinieu iij on ineir
Committee of Vigilance for this e.ouuty.
They, of course, expect us to be vigilant; in
this they shall not he disappointed, but they
must not think hard of us, if wo prefer to be
vigilant for the country, rather than the
Democratic party, and fur the brave old pa
triot and soldier, who wag vigilant for us
when some of us were in our mother's arms,l
rather than the present Yankee Candidate
of tho Democracy. In fact, sir, tee are tired
of " Northern mill tci'4 Southern feti'mgit."
For the Republic.
' Mr. Nf.wtoh: Dear Sir I learn from a
friend that I havo been appointed on the
Democratic Committee of vigilance for tds
I must decline the appointment for two
reasons: First, because there are no Pierce
men in my region to be vigilant over; ond
second, because I expect on thisoccasi'cui to
go it all ever for Scott, myself. Truly,
Kanawha Co., Va. Givers' Dis't,
Sept. l'Jth, J851. t
Mr. Newtob Dmr Sir: Permit us to
inform tho "Centrul Democratic Vigilance
Committee," (through the columns of the
Republican,; that fnni the very best of rea
sons, we cannot will not aid in the elec
tion of Messrs. Pierce and King; und, in
stead of bringing Democratic votes to the
polls, we now declare, that for ourselves, we
cannot lend our own votes and influence a-
gainst tho champions of our "wholo coun
try." Yes sir, we now intend to support
The wholo Union, we are fully persuaded,
will ho perfectly safe under the control ol
him who has so g'allanlly defended our com
mon country at tho North and at the South
and who has cvci proved himself ready to
Aplll his lire's blood at tho Flag-Staff that
so proudly benrs aloft the glorious Stripes
and Slurs of the land of tne immor
tal Washikgtom, and our worthy ances
Death of Mr. Johr Kelso. This per
son, who, it will be recollected, fell, oh
Thursday afternoon, from tho pole erected
by our Democratic citizens, near tho uppir
levee, after Buffering intensely, died last
night.. His remains will ho interred tp
morrow (Sunday) morning, ot nine o'clock,
by tho I. O. O. F. of Muskingum Lodge, of
which society he was lutely a member.
A?ioier. Wo learn that a second death
occurred from tho accident ot tlio pole rais
ing nt Jacktown, Licking county, where
several persona were injured.
We think, in view of tlio danger of rais
ing poles, as we see in the number of acci
dents almost daily occurring, and the email
lionotits derived from tho same, that tho
practice would be belter ''honored in the
breach than in tho observance." Zanes.
(rThe "confession" of criminals some
times lends" simple pcoplo into trouble, us
witness: A correspondent of the Norfolk
County Journal relates the following in
stance, which ho picked up on a visit totho
Tamiiston, (Me.,) prison. I wus amused
with an anecdoto told me, relative to a cler
gyman who visited the prison, ond desired
to converso with tho prisoners. J lio War
den informed him tlint there would ho proba
bly but lit tlo satisfaction in doing so, as
coircct niiswers would be difficult In obtain
ing. However, he began conversation with
a young prisoner relat vo to his crime. In
reply, the prisoner told him that ho had stole
a saw-mill, und on going buck after the dam,
was cnught ond put in prison. The clergy
man concluded to leave the Incorrigible
Kossuth on Emigration. Gov. Kos
suth, in n brief letter to on English pnpor,
gives udvico to emigrants as tho results of
bis observations in the United State. He
says, what all judicious observers here have
long known, Mint no region of the earth
holds out so strong attractions to men of
omo iiiesns, and of industrial and frugal
hubiti', us tlio Western sections of tin' Uni
ted Slates; und he strongly urges men of
this stump in England, who find it impossible
to maintain anil properly cdiicolt) their fam
iliea there, to transfer their labors to the
United Suites.
Tub Musical World and Times, pub
lished every Saturday, nt 257 Broadway,
New York. Price $3,00 a year in advance;
two copies for 5,00: tivo copies, S 10.00.
The number ot litis work lor Meptemlier
25th Is upon our table, and contains tho u
sual variety of nsel'ul and interesting mutter.
To give additional spice and variety to their
journal, tho publishers havo secured the
services of the cclobrited anonymous writer.
so widely known n i'annij rem. This
work ia well worth the subscription price. -Address
Dusn & Willis, 257 Broadway,
Now York. .
A Southern: Slaveiioldr ofTers to eman
cipate his slaves, to tho number of sixty or
seventy, on tho condition that the Massa
chusetts Colonization Society will furnish
funds to transport them to Liberia. These
people could be sold for $30,000 or 40,000,
und constitute' the bulk of their master's
possessions. The socioty have pledged, or
in the Treasury, $1,200, and appeal to tho
Hon rm. -i... .1.:...
' ""J""
as Excellent CouRTERrEiT. Ycster
lny, one of our banks took on deposits
com, erfclt half. hW, It is one of llnglish
rnnn.ifac.tre. ,ndc.n only be dotcctej by
is of standard weight , nd bear, the test of
acid, but its centre- , f.HeJj Vlth be
al. Hundreds bet to-day U wa good, but
when it was droppod upon the counter paid
tho "scoots" and scootod. Circe. Herald
03The engineers on the Hempfleld Rail
u vugim-cia vu mo ueuipiiem Kali-
proceeded ia their surveys as fr
8 ',. , ;
road havo
a Monon
Wednesday EvrBlngr, Oct. 6,
We are indebted to the Athen Messenger
for the following important facts for the peo
ple. Mr. Vorhees, the able and industrious
editor, himself a member of tho General As
sembly, Jnoir whatU writes.and none of his
Wikmtnt can oe rr.
. . I - ..f..iJ
no is rejoi n, x no conomoii or
things disclosed in tins summary biiouiu ar
rest the attention of every tax-payer and
citisen wiio honestly desires the prosperity
of our good Stato of Ohio, and should be
read ond reflected upon by every one. Let
the citizen remember as lie reads, that a por
tion of tiu sovereign power of the State is in
his own hands, and that he is responsible to
God '.and his country if tho proper remedy
for such reckless conduct is not applied if!
the tinfuilhful public servant who abuses the
trust confided to him, or uses the power of
the people to promote his own selfish ends,
instead of tho good of the people be not
rebuked. The remet'y is at the ballot-box
there, by our votes, wo pronounce our ver
dict, and make known our will, either that
tht dishonest nervavi lie continued in our em
ploy, or dismissed. . We ask you to read, re
flect, and then go to the polls ond vote as
you think right, far or against such extrava
That at the last session of the General as
sembly, the so-called Democratic party had
63 members in the lower House,- and 24 in
ihc Senate: or a sufficient number at any
and all times to hove defeated or carried any
measure coming before them, although that
measure might be of a nature to require a
two-thirds vole. They could have accom
plished the result if every Whig and Free
Soilcr had resigned their seats and returned
to their constituents.
That it is with and by the Stonding Commit
tees where the important measures of legis
lation are matured ond brought for the ac
tion of the General Assembly; it is to them
all important measures are referred to be
examined and reported upon for amendment,
rejection, or passage.
That of the fifty-two Standing Committees
of the two Houses, the Locofocos had the
magnanimity to give the Whigs the control j
of but two tho Agricultural and Library
Committees and these of a nature not to
admit of -tho transaction of that kind of leg-
slative business upon which parties are apt, !
ns parties, to differ. Placing thesa facta to- '
gether, no man of ordinary discernment can
iaii louiscover mm u wm me hiiuiiuum ui
the dominant party to assume the respond!-
bilitv of last winter's legislation; ond that :
they ure absolutely responsible for tho sins fluttering to tho United State, that follow
o( omission ond commission properly belong- : jngup his kind feelings for a sister Repub-
ingto that branch or the Government, iney ( iCi jie immediately ordered, with the appro
possessed tho power for good or evil, and , bation or Col. Younir. that the bovs should
they did not rail to exercise it.
That one of tho prominent reasons urged in ,
favnr nrtlin new ornrnn c nw in v iv o I lie
ract that It provides for biennial instead !
or annual sessions wus, that the Peoplo i
would buve a cheaper administration or State
affuirs; but do not forget, that instead of one
session iu hco years, these rerormtr will
hnve dm lined uno'n the Peonln the exnenses
or two sessions- in one yenr; that they have
increased theteyislativcexjvnres nearly three-fold
by the employment ot a shoal ol useless wun a mucu superior nrce. mans
clerks, sergeants and hangers on; by tho in- God, however, your independence ond lib
discriminate increase of tho snlarica of erties are placed beyond the reach of foreign
Statn officers, und by the-reckless lavish- 1 aggression. In a few years more onr con
meiit or tho public treasure in wuys und by tinent cannot fail tobe occupied wholly by
means too numerous to give in detail. . republics. Liberty seems also likely to
BEA R THE FACT IN MIND, ; spread over a large portion of Eurcpe nnd
, . . ., . , , . among its gallant nsscrters, the Columbiun
People of Ohio! that the total nppropria- certainly occupies a foremost posi-
lion of the session of 1830- 51, amounted to ton . .
308,129. including the sum of I5,000 bal- , ,,;rmit m0t Gecr!lit , my tt j HUn, t
unco or expenses incurred by tho Cot.st.tu-time9 be , ,0 hcM fro ,,
l.onal Convention-while tho total amount tliut ( nnl, wjt, !roftt personal admiration
mI annrnorinliiiiij lu uliniitp ex n f Im 7.i f l.nlf o I
nf lha first Hfrntinn linrlir thn "nmv f?mititii-
wi t''i vji iuwirua v iubi.1 , vu uiu,i nun
tun 4n the hands of its friends," loom up to
$739,953:01 or an increase over tho nggre- '
gate appropriations of the former session, I
and lha last under the old Constitution, of
$371,823, or wiore than one. hundred per cent !
That a'though there is an estimated increase -of
$25,000,000 to the grand duplicate since
the last assessment; that although thero is
not one dollar of tlio foreign debt to be paid
until 1857, our State taxes are decreased but
oiie-thirty-sixth per cent., or one-tenth of a
mill from last year, and that, too, when it is '
a notorious fact that tho Whigs, under for-1
mer assessments and with $25,000,000 less
of a basis, managed during tho last six years
to reduce the Stato debt $3,000,000, and as a j
consequence lessening very materially tho
amount or interest to he provided for by
thoso now In powor. Why, then, no more "
a reduction tn State taxes! lae.re. u a reason
a cauji- (or it. md imc that the Peonle. shmdd
mt.Ve themselves familiar with. The cavsn mm i
be traced, in Ike main, to the wasteful and lavish
expenditure of thepulilic funds in the increase :
of salaries, ami the useless increase of Legislative
expenses. And first in the category '
That there were employed in und ubout tlio
Legislature, FIFTY-TWO Clerks, Ser-
gemits and their assistants, to wait upon and redeemed! Will they not go to work forth
do the bidding of 1 32 members costing the j-with to sccuro to our cause the ndvonta
People or the State, for this one iteni.OVER j Kt's of such assemblages of the people! The
TWENTY THOUSAND DOLLARS or j voters are eager to hear public discussions.
over one iiundkkii dollarh aiork during this , Having confidence in tho truth and justice
part of a sesxtnn than it cost the State during f cause, no Whig need fear the conse
fourofthe previous ycursof Wbigrule! And , quenr-cs of such discussion. We appeal to
this, bo it remembered, is $12,824 50 more , the Whig electors throughout the Stale to
than was paid lor similar work in the Mussa-1 stand to their arms, and rally tho foil Whig
chusctts Legislature, during tho last session,1 strength around the banner or Scott and
whore they havtt 400 members, nnd were oc-1 Graham! Let us all vorh, work, WORK,
cupicd nineteen duy longer in point of titno. ! up to the Inst moment of the campaign, and
BEAR THE FACT IN MIND, the dny will bo ours!
That tho per diem and mlleugo of members Bcurr,n HuMAi.iTr.-Tho spectacle pre-
ui u. Li-nora, n i. uovernor,
wiu fujt Lii-inn, BL-it-niun, ivi.., uui inj; wiu
Inst session amounted to OVER EIGHTY-
ing double THE AMO.UNT incurred dur
ing the extrnvngant session of 1840, nnd
incurred during each year the' Whigs were
In po.ver tho average from 1848 to 1849 be
ing not fur from $28,000.
That the Printing expenses during l?45,
1846, 1847 and 1848, while the whigs were
in power, averaged about $18,000 per year.
During 1852 it will not fall much below
count of Printing, Stationary, fee, $71,240
15 have already been appropriated a por
tion of which, however, it is mid goes to
make up last yonr's deficit. These facts and
figures nre made up from tbo record, and are
within the reach of every voter.
That adding together theso several items,
we hnve an aggrogate of Irom $130,000 to
150,000 for the per diem of membera and
mileage, the cost of Printing and the pay
of clerks, sergoants and their assistants, ax
the expenses of a part of the first session of
the: General Assembly under the "new or
der of things" or nearly equal to the en
tiro sum paid during the four tears above
named, wben the State was under Ike con
trol of the Whigs and a Whig Administra
v,ul" nun uu vast auierence co l
00?,or the 100'000 increase in sa
Cether with other extraordinary .
I'ncnrredby those in powcr.nnd the
tion! Add tin vast dillerence to the 875.-
lariea, to-
ex pen c
power, and the people of
Ohio can readily e why it ia that their
Sute taxes have been decreased but one
tenth of a mill upon an anticipated increase
of $25,000,000 in taxable property, with 2,
700,000 reduction of the State debt upon
which to pay interest, and not a dollar of
the foreign debt to pay until 1857. .
That during the last session of the General
Assembly, more inconsiderate and inefficient
legislation occurred a greater number of
reckless and unconstitutional acta were
passed, and tho rights of the People tram
pled'under foot to a greater extent than
during any twenty years since the organi ra
tion of the United Stales Government.
Bear these facts in mind, voters of Ohio
examine the laws and records and jude for
yourselves and show by your votes, on the
second Tuesday of next October, whether
you will long countenance and support tne
leaders of a party who are so reckless of
your rights as freemen and so lavish o:
your funds under their control, l ucro is
much connected with the Legislative branch
of your Government that is corrupt and
wrong, and It ia within your power either
to correct or continue the evil. Will you
aiea rt and exercise that powerl
A large number of Irish Laborers, having
published a card over their own signatures
sating that Pierce has done nothing for Cath
olic Emancipation, the New Hampshire Pa
triot, Pierce's paper, thus talks of the sign
ers: Contemptible GAME.-Slievecammon Rob
inson has been burpwlnr here with the
wheel-barrow man, and other fit associates;
and in Dover, Manchester, and other places,
getting up "certificates," in behalf of Scott,
amon? the Irish. The result is before the
public in the shape of lists of Irish names ap
ponded to false statements against General
I'icrco.and in favor ofueneral cott.
"WHEEL BARROW MEN" will show
this Pierce organ that, out of New Hamp
shire, they can vote as well as other men,
and will repudiate the Pierce Aristocracy.
C-Tlie following letter was written by
Geo. Scott to Gen. Paez, soon after the
struggle mode by the Republic of Columbi
to establish its liberty and independence.
It s'iows that the General's sympathies
with struggling freedom are not limited to
confines of his own country:
Fortress Mokroe, May 23, 1832.
Dear Cekkral: Our friend, Lieut. Col.
, Younc is on the noint of returning to Co-
lnihia. and will do me the favor to explain
,n vnll how our eorresnondenco has been in-
jterruptcd, and the lively interest I toko in
the three tine Doysyounuvo done us the
,onor to send omong us for their education,
Tho President deemed this circumstance so
as they successively attained the proper
age, be admitted into our National Military
Seminary, on a Tooting with our own ca-
ucio. -1 iiu viucst ui mo uhcc ni iuiii 111 o
vr doys, and I shall have the pleasure of
""ing present ond rendering him all the a-
, "stance in my power. You may rely on a
continuenco of those attentions to him, and
, also, to the other two, who are placed at
school near my headquarters.
! We have heard, with deep regret, of tho
loss r two of your ships of war, in on ac-
mnd f 910110
Yotir obedient servent,
To Gen. J. A Paez, &c.
Berks Coustt Democracy. The follow
ing parngrngh is contained in a call for a
Democratic meeting at Reading, Pa:
"Friends of tho Union and the Constitu
tion disciples of Jefferson and Jackson
opponents ol' tho Whiggcry humbug of Gunpowder,-Sonp
nnd Coon Skins Adoocates
of Protection to Agriculture, Commerce and
Manufactures nil who go (or tho common
brotherhood of the North and tho South
come ono come all to ratify the nomina
tions of tho patriots, Pierce and King.
Berks county Locofocoisin is still tho
sanio. In 1844, it was "Polk, Dallas and
the Tariff of '42: now it is "Pierce. Kins and
protection to American Manufactures."
i ' .
I What a party! , .
A Word to our VViiio Fiiiemw. We
are receiving cheering news from nil purts
of the State. Public discussions nre going
on and mass mooting being held, which in
dicate thai the old Whig spirit will bo fully
aroused. We appeal to our friends to push
onthecolumv! If we work with xeal until
te close of tho election, the Stute will bo
: gonle( to Scott, as he turned with his staff
to ascend tho hill, niter the storming of
cnepultepec, tilled his heart with joy and
exultation. Those walls and ramparts,
which a few hours before bristled with the
enemy's cannon, were now black with men,
and fluttering with colors of his own regi
ments, while s perfect storm ofhurrahsand
cheers rolled toward heaven.- As ho passed
up he saw his Uoops shooting down the help
less fugitives without mercy. He could not,
blame them, for he knew they were aveng
ing the death of their brave comrades, to
whom no mercy was shown at Mollno del
Rey; but unablo , to endure the inhuman
spectacle, rode up to tho excited troop, and
exclaimed: "Soldiers! deeds like your are
recorded in history. He humane and gener
ous, my lioys, as you are victorious, and I will
get down on my bended knees to una for you to
night.''' Noble and eloquent words! which
immediately found a response in those brave
hearts. Mercy blended with strength is
ever bcautirul. llcadiy't Life of Scott.
Robert Emmett, Esq., of New York, the
Democratic candidate for Judge of the Su
perior Court, it is said, has made, camplaint
against the editor of the Herald, for libel,
in charging him with some misdoings con
nected with the funds of tho "Irish Directo
ry." . . "
Norfolk, Oct. 4 The steamship Ohio,
13 dsys from Aspinwall, for New York, put
in,, short of coal. There were SOI passen
gers, and $1,500,000 in gold on freight, and
600,000 -in passengers' hands. Crew and
passengers well. "
The Legislation of last Winter.
CinxEiti or Obioi The time approaches
when you will be called upon to select, by
your votes, various officer to fill place of
high trust in the Counties, State, and Na
tion ; the highest and most Important of all
being that of President or the United State.
The greatest privilege which we enjoy, that
of choosing our own rulers, ia to be exercis
ed; and it devolves upon every sincere pa
triot, aa a solemn duty, to consider carefully
and deliberately, without reference to mere
party tics, the positions occupied by various
candidate for election.
With a view to a just decision, let the fol
lowing facts receive a candid and impartial
consideration :
On the adoption of the New Constitution,
a Legislature was elected, which was com
posed of a large majority of the party styling
itseil Democratic, it wo the boast ol tne
Statesman and other kindred papers, that
"the Constitution was in the hands of its
friends." Large promises were made as to
the retorm that were to be introduced. The
tuces were to be lessened; the expenses of
government were to be diminished; the in
terest of the farmers and laborer were to be
specially regarded; and improvements were
to be made in every department of govern
ment. How have these professions been redeem
ed! Let a brief narrative of facta furnish
the answer. The Legislature convened,
and continued in session one hundred and
twenty days. Their action was such, a to
become the subject of common talk with per
sona of all parties. They passed a smaller
number of well-co:isidered and well-digested
lawa than any legislative body which has
assembled for years. They committed a
scries of gross blunders, which their most
ingenious friends cannot defend. But last of
all, they Increased the expenses of legisla
tion by votinc money into their own pock
ets, to an enormous and dangerous extent
to an extent far greater than ever belore
known; and far greater than they could have
done, if the least regard had been paid to
the interests of the people the taxpayers of
the State.
Consider the facta in detail:
1st. They increased their own par from
three dollars- per day the sum formerly paid
to four. :
2d. Thcygrently increased tho number
of Clerks, oergeants-at-arms, Messengers,
&c.,and increased their pay from three to
Tour dollars per day.
3d. They increasod the expenses of the
Public Printing enormously, to put money
into the hands of a partisan printer, in viola
tion of the Constitution.
4th. They wasted their time to such an
extent, that they leu work imperfectly exe
cuted; and although the new Constitution
provides for only biennial Legislatures, they
adjourned to meet again in November next,
to pass away another winter at tho expense
or the Uixpaying people.
These were their reforms these tho im
provements which they introduced for the
benefit of the farmers and laborers of Ohio!
But let us look further.
The following list of hungry partisans
were Quartered on the public, and consumed
the substance of the people:
In the Senate. In the House.
Clerk and assistants 8 13
Sergeants-at-arms 1 8
Messenger boya 6 0
21 27
Or 48 servants in all, necessary to n'tend on
a "democratic" Legislature, at an expense of
$18,720. . Tho whole expenses of the last
winter legislation ore a follows:
Per diem of members, at $4 each
- ner dnv ' 8G2.8S0
Pay or Clerks, Sergeants-nt-nrms
Deputies, fitc., at sumo rates 17,280
Twelve Messenger Boys, nt $1
peroay l,44U
Printing 83.550
Total $115,150
Theso figures are compited from tho most
aothentic sources, and may be relied on as
correct. They cannot be Controverted.
Thus it will bo seen thul the expense of the
legislation for four months, under Democrat
ic rule, amount to the enormous sum of ONE
SAND DOLLARS! Let the people look
to these matters. Ye men who pay the tax
es of the State look to theso matters! Con
sider them well. Ask yourselves if these
are the reforms which you desired. Is it for
this you labor and awout in your workshops
&, on your farms! Is it for this that you strove
to advance to office men who appea. to you
in the name of Democracy for your votes
nnd for your influence? Alus! we have ful
len upon evil days. Democracy wus once
an honored name, and represented high pnr-
f loses and pure thoughts. It is now the ral
y ing cry of impure spirits,and political blood
suckers,who have forsaken the ancient ways,
and prostituted the principles of their party
for mere personal advancement and person
al profit. -
Tbatlhe pcoplo of the State may form a
more correct idea or the extruvagance of this
expenditure, let them contrast the foregoing
figures wjth the expenses of tho Legislature
under Whig rule.
In 1844-5 tho Whigs had the entire con
trol of affuirs nnd hold them until 1848.
In 1844-5, the entire pay of Members,
Clerks, Sergcunts-at-arins, and
Messenger Boys, ainounte t to . $27,553
For 1845-6 25,496
1846-7 ' 27,634
" 1847-8 33,765
Add the items of printing for
g 114,448
tho same
1846- 7
1847- 8
$10,808 73
9,318 06
' 10,804 63
16,626 87
Total $47,558 19
The appropriation of last winter to cover
expenses or Members, &c, amounting to
$90,000, may be found in last winterVlaws,
page 325-27, at the office of any justice-of
the -peace in your township.. Compare it
with the Whig appropriation of only $20,
000, for the same purpose, March 2, 1846.
Thus it will be seen that the entire ex
penses of legislation, under Whig rule, a
niounted, for ur years, only to the sum of
$162,046, or ari average of $40,509; while
for four month, under "Democrr tic" rule,
the expenses were $115,150 an excess of
$74,609 per annum, or nearly fares times as
much under Democratic asunder Whig ad
ministration. Add to this, that the same Legislature
meets again in a few weeks, to renew its
attacks upon the Treasury; that it will
probably continue during the winter; and if
we may judge of its future by its past action,
not less than a quarter of a million of dollars
will be required to pay the entire expenses
of these reckless and extravagant men.
These facts carry with them their com
mentary. They demonstrate, more clearly
than any other system of argument, the
true character and value of this Democratic
cry of love for economy and reform, and regard
for the taxpayers of the State. They
prove conclusively that the people are pay
ing dear for the privilege of being ruled by
such men and soch a party.
- Let the voters of Ohio calmly examine this
subject, and see if there is any good reason
for this extraordinary increase in the expen
ses of legislation. Let them decide whether
the empty cry of "Democracy and Reform'
will compensate for the reckless and prodi
gal expenditures of money which is here
shown, and whether they will, by their votes.
sustain and continue such extravagant
practice for the future. The day for a da
emon 1. at hand. Voter, or Omo! make
your answer AT THE POLLS on the ad
Tue.day of October aud the fir.t Tue.day of
November next, by sustaining the partV of
theory and by placing In the Preident i.l
chair the Hero of 40 year. the pride and
glory of hicountry-WINFIELD SCOTT!
, Monday evening, was a most eloquent and
triumphant affair. No speaker during the
fin Tl .t m?de ' mre recided '".Preision
than did the eloquent and brave Kentucki
an. Hia arguments were, strong; hi illus
tration admirable; his descriptive powers
are of the most graphic and h.ppy character.
Some of his figure were eminently beautt-
till. A hAiindmo ! 1 .
-..wuu..,b in auecaoie, he kept tbo
audience wide awake.as ahoui aft . .l... r..i
ly testified. The relations of hi. i
experience during the last war, on our north
ern frontier were of high, absorbing interest.
iiicmuiii cued upon me nation of Can.
Scott's brilliant victories at Chippewa and
Lundy's Lane was glowingly and beautifully
k"' j " o iiiitc uui room 10 give a de
tailed statement of his speech. It will be
remembered with pride and pleasure by the
vast assembly that listened to its delivery.
viciicmi iiMiBs weni irom uolumbus to
Mt. Vernon, where he spoke toa mass meet
ingyesterday. To-day headdresses a Difisn
meeting at Wooster. He is doing good in
Ohio O. S Journal. 6
James B. Stccdinan
This man is the T.nmfVwn .n;,ifa r.
Board of Public Wnrk. tk ni...k
Journal charges that total he was in the Le
loturtm 1841--2, he traded off his vote for
Rndo phus Dickinson as member of the Board
of lublic Works, tn consideration of the said
Uicktnson all wing him some $5000 extra pay
on a canal contract in which he, the said Steed-
"'J' "rested, and this, too, after he had
pMgedhtsvotetoD. Morton, for that ifficel
. ,, P,ece 01 tiaiphinism is
specially worth the attention of tax-payers,
aa it shows the easy virtue of the man, and
gives them an inkling of what they may
expect from him in the management of the
affairs of the State.
The Journal proves Ps charge, by a Ion
array of irrefragable testimony. Will the
S"r voie ior such a man, on the second
Tuesday! &. Gazette.
Telegraphic Itrmh W
have only
room for brief sketr.hp.
uen. hcott met with a glorious reception
in Cincinnati. The people welcomed him
without distinction of . party. Ho was
there yesterday.
No particular chsngc in the markets.
Letters from Havana state that the editor
or the Republican paper, was publicly gar
oted on the 28th. Several Creoles havo
been arrested.
The yellow fever is still prevailing at
Senator Whitcomb, of Indiana, is dead.
It is said that Daniel Webster will soon
declare his position. It is too late.
IIANDl niTn nrJ1Kimn'r kn .
rT,w v.js. THE EXAMPLE
Adresetothe Army at the Bottle of Qneons
town Heights.
The Teh Hoor System The workmen
in the Globe Works and Mattapan Worksy
South Boston, propose to give a grand Stip--per
iu honor of tho ten-hour system, which
has now bcefl in operation about a year, in
the various machine shops of that city.
A wnlimbfc Fiirni lor Sale,
THE subscriber nil noil hia Farm, one mile weat
of Ufe-Mter, containing 16S icroa, 80 acres of
whkh nre cleared artct Hnifor anwd cultivation. There
u sgood Ki-otmiNM Mill on the nme.aitualed with
in a Tew rods of tho Zanesrille nd Maysvifle Tarn
pil, with two gnod run of stnnea, turned by tt
uv nhot wheel. There are also on the premise! three
never Ijllifto frtinfi of rtfctotv-accommouioua and
eonvoniont dwelling homey apring home, barn, and ait
orchard of first nte fruit. Being, deairovn to remove!
tn tho IVeaf, the utnrribef wi" diapoae of (ha above"
LanHa npon tehna that caimot fall Ui uk any person!
wuhing fo purchaae. Iiidiaputabln till can be eiven,
Sojitember S, 1859. HENRY SUTZIS. , . . .
X i'tii lll lot
THK fcmferaignnd wilf aell at private safe (he flriif
be onginu to tho Estate oI VVii.imm Jonki, de'
ceinp.l situated in Plrananttownrhiy, Fairfield coun--ty.
fivy mitea Kut t Lancaate, aftdrotifaining about
One Jfundrtd and Twenty-six Aires of iMnd. The1
old Zanoarille road runa through the North psIH effhe'
aaid l'arn, and the ZaneavMle and Maysvifle Ttffwpike
lload runs throSch fhe Smifh part, li-rvlnji about for
ty acrea on fhe South aide 6f the Pike,-tnd affording:
a beautiful aile for building purpoata on the Turnpike.
Tne premises contain about 43 acrea ol timber land.
There la an apple orchard on the premises of about
sixty bearing trees, and aUrta number of cherry trees
and pear trees. The buhdittn off (fie premises ant
a two-story brick homo and hewed hns kitchen, and
other necessary buildings, snd a hewed log barn.
Terms o Safe One-third In hand, fme third lit
one ve.ir, and one third in two years, with interest
tho ikfuin d payiuunta till paid.
Possession givi n immediate'y For lurtliof pi 1 1
eulsra inquiru of Miciiaki. Joif:a on the premier s,
otSai mom Shaw in Lanrastcr. SALMON SHAW
A ng 16. Executor of William Jones ittcatti
I'stnto of Amanda Twymnn.
1VOTICE la hereby given, that the aubscriber has
V been aprpointed and qualified as administrator on
the Estate of Amanda Twyman. lato of Ksirlio'd coun
ty, deceaaed. C. F. 6HjEFFER, Adm'tor
September nO, I8C3 4w50
M E It CM AN TT ii i7oie sT
AVE received at their Cr.orms Kstasj-
mshmkht in Gieav bnirdiin. between
the Homing vaueyiianx ana l. v. i aiimadge'a Ex
change Office, and have just opened a large and exten
sive assortment of , -
Which thoy will sell as low as the same qualify of
goods and work can be purchased at any other estate
fishmnnt in the city. Their clothing la manufactured
under their own supervision and ia consequently su
perior to that which Is brought from other places.
They have also on hand, a beautiful variety of
Which thoy are prepsred to manufacture to order.
They have In their employ the beat of workmen and
are at all timea prepared to make the beat fita and ia
th latoat atylna. All their work will be wn(wf.
. The public aro respectfully solicited to rail and ex---amine
their stock, and while thankful for the liberal'
patronago Ihey haveenjoyed, they assure their old
customers and all others that they will labor to givev
general aaliafaction both in the quality and price 09
their goods and work. SPMKGEIt TROUT-
Kancaator, September 17, 1858 d2u8:
H, SCOTT, So-nocnn Dkwtist, exaetlf opfOtit
the Talbnadre Hoveand otMr.SmaUey'r Bat
Store, lAntwUtr, Ohio. I have a very pleasant audi
retired room; my present arrangement ia pormanent
and I will be hanpy to see my friends who may wish
to consult me about their teeth. My special business
tn future will be Fillimo (Pluooiko) Tkkth. I
hire for neaaly 90 years been aiming at perfection tn
this partiouhur operation, because it ia of Infinitely
greater importance than allithera. Wo can aay witNi
entire contWrnce now. that all teeth can be "ved ptr-t
Humanity and for life by filling every cavity aa aoon,
as it can be seem, but If the cavities are lam and tho.
teeth have ached. they cannot be saved. Henca'the,
importance ot feeqannt examinations by tho Dentist.. - '
This plan wll be the theapett ultimately and will!
obviate the necessity of artificial teeth and lavs '
vast amount of suffering.
I have been residing in this city oe twelve years,
and have, during that time, filled more than sixteen
thousand 16.0U0J tee. I warrant) all any fitlHigs now
for 90 years and upwarda, and expect to spend the re-,
malnder of my life in Lancaster. I have tne pleasure
of referring to the older physicians of this city . ,
grrAKsaya ia oy office during business hours.
. Respectfully, - - H. SCOTT. -N.
B. I extra oC Teeth andattand to other diseases
of the mouth as usual - sept7 am.

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