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ljc Wet Mij Gazette A.
CITY OF LANCASIS: PIonAiy F.vr-uii g, Jany. 8, 1833 WAtinsoTos Gossir. The Woahington correspondence uf the Baltimore Sun says that this is to be a great session for projects. ...Kis much to be hoped that the project of railroad ( from the Mississippi villeyto the Pacific will not fail either for lack of time or attention. The great difficulty seems now to bo in the seleet'on of the route and the adoption of adequate mcsns for the construc tion or the road. None of the projects for ' building the road by a grnnt of public lands . will be of any use. All tlieprojecin now .' before ConimM will bo discarded. Con- ; grcss will never be ablo to designate a route, : and ought to have nothing1 to do with it selection- A board of Commissioners might bo appointed to locate the road, and, as long 4 their salary was paid, tiicy would consid er the subject, and then leave it where they found it. ' " The road can only be made by contract with responsible parlies, and upon a loan f . public credit to aid them in the enterprise. - To the judgment of tho contractors the lo cation of the rond must be left, and they will, of course, select such a route as will ,.be most practicable, nnd at the same time most convenient for commercial purposes. Win. Aspinwall and others have offered to make the rond on good terms. . But the of- fer of the New York company appeurs to be the most favorable for the Govci nnicnt, and the most likely to secure tho construction and the completion of the road. The New York company is about to be chartered by the Legislature of New York. Thry offer to complete tho rond and put it in operation In five years. They ask a loan of thirty millions, to be paid a the work progresses; and this is not half the estimated Cost of the road and it apptirtetanco. ' Negotiations In rnrrnrrl to the fiahories and reciprocal trade with Canada sre going on very actively; but I doubt whether Congress will act on such a treaty during this session ' The action of tho House of Representatives, as well as that of the Senate, will be neces- nry to give such n treaty a binding force. .The subject i nowj pending four or five years, nnd action on it would le desirable to ' prevent l. fromeing entangled with other '. extraneous mailer.. ,. ' The statement that the Hon. K. C. Ca bell, of Florida, is In favor of the annexation of Cuba or the Sandwich Island, is Incor rect. He Is opposed to both, and maintains. in recent address, that the fortification of Ky West and nth-r important points of the Florida coast, would superce do tho necessi ty of annexing Cuba for our dufenre. The debate on the Cuban question, sot pnrt for the 4th of January, will exhibit the conservative spirit of the Senate in an eml . nent degree, ond go fur to satisfy and calm the apprehensions of the country. Neither Senator fromYirginiaisin favor, of filibuster log: ' ' - '';. " Senate bill to confer on General Scott the rank of Brevet Lieu'e nant General will yet past the House, notwithstanding the cool reception It met with yesterday in that body. . While Congress is looking so intently to the. result of the consultations at Concord, it I hardly to be supposed that they will (rive deliberate atttention to tho public buai nes. All rumors about Cabinet appointments 're rife; but nothing defiiiito has as yet been determined upon. Senator Hunter returned to Washington last evening. He keeps quiet, and did not go to the Senate to-day. He will leave for Virginia to-night. ' It Is said that 140 members of the Virginia Legislature have formally recommended Hon. John S. Barbour, ol Virginia, for cabinet position under Gen. Pierce. Th Affairs of Ecrofc The Now York Courier thinks that at no period since thecotp d'etat o f Nnpoleon, twelvo months go, have the affair of Eu ope commanded io general and close attention as ot present. All Europe is under an undefined and yet undeniable apprehension that its peaceful relation which have been preserved essen tially unimpaired for thirty-seven year are soon to b broken up. Tbi all i held to depend upon the will of tingle man and that mania universally distrusted. No reliance whatever. Is reposed in the professions ol Louis Napoleon, and great importance is consequently attached to the slightest indl cation of his future policy. (KrHon. Trhtum Burgess, of Rhodo li Jand, distinguished for eloqueiine and ability In Congress, especially In his rencontre with John Randolph, is still alive and hearty, tho' now In bis 83d year. He retains his mind and his pen la busy In prose nnd poetry. Very few men In our country hove produced auch spcoches and addresses as he delivered whan a member of Congress. Canine N t rse VYantkd. The following is literal transition of an advertisement which appears in a French papcrt "I.a Signora Marcliesa Sifluiiti di Run Barlhulomeo wants a nurse, unmarried, to raise a small family ( five KiiurMnh puppies, pure blooded. The Signura Marchess, will expect the nurse to board at the hooso of his Excellency, breakfast with the March ioness, din with the servants, and sleep with the dogs. Salary twenty dollar a ro nth," . . ' IfT Phillips' Flru A nnihilntor is looming up again. Tho British Royal Mail Packet Company put twoof llirin oo bourdone o' . their steamers ready for use. During their passage, It Is statod, one of them look fire by spontaneous Combustion, belched forth a hot flame, and came near burning up tho ship. ' .. Mais Law ik, Massachusetts. The Commonwealth, speaking of their recent State election, ays "Out of Boston, there are scarcely ten men ch ise.n fur any n'mim, who are in favor of It repeal or eentia modification." '' k Cincinnati. Cista Advertiser represent th prf seat population of the Queen city of the West at about 165,000. . GEKMsa EioiTin. The'Central Em ' igrl'.n Socie y of Germany gives tns nuurt .)Teof eriiijrsnt which slled for the United tt in 1852 at 103,313. - Carrying with thcrn,on an average, 300 tharers, or about t,Q aacjn, or a total of about 3000,000. California Items Since our Ut, we intelligence by th. Steamer. Prometheus and Uncle Sam: , Two hundred passengers ami over half a million of gold dust were brought down ny ih. fortes. Strainer Columbus left San Francisco on ihe 9-th ult., for Panama. Independence 'oniho 1st December for San Juan; - and Panama same day lor Panama, with mulls and two millions seven hundred thousand dollars in specie. ' The bitter had not ar rived at Panama on evening r the 7tU The Indians in the south were beci ming more restive. Lieutenant llcale, bnperin-. tendent of Indian Affairs, leaves on iheSOth for their haunts. Sacramento is nearly rebuilt. Many fine brick building are erected.- ' The mining prospects at th winter dig gings, were nevermore liivnralikv Latest election returns indicate a major ity for Pierce of 7.000. The announcement ol Y ebster' donin was received on the 2'Jth ol November, and cast a deep gloom -over the rily. Minute guns were fired, nnd flas athalf-must, &.c- The remit of the lresidenlial election momentarily looked for. On the evening of the fourth, Acnpulco wns visited ly a terrible enrtrtquiilte. .1 number of the largest buildings were des troyed. Continued shocks were felt up to the etenmer'a departure. - Burning moun tains visible on the ninth, sixty miles back of AcapuVu. L;i-s 200,0'JO. Very severe shocks were felt on the eighth, and repeat ed shocks on Urn i.tnth. The rulton Ho tel is one of the buildings destroyed by the first shock. No lives but. An unusual amount of sickness prevail ing in California. ' Blocks of marble for the Washington Monument were destroyed by the Sacra mento fire. Capt. Wright nnd party had n Initio with the ' Indians. Thirty of the latter were killed. The Promotheus brings about 300 passen gers. ' G. A.- Smith, Democrat, i elected district Judge of the 7th district, Sicramen to. Wm. Boonsefiehl, Treasurer of Shasta county, has absconded with 2 or $3000 of State funds. - . . t Snow was lying Ave or six Inehes deep upon Trinity Mountains. The miners in Trinity county were doing Very well. Flour. -Sales, to urrlve before Febrnary st 30. Comment 20. Mess Pork 50. Butter 40 to 44c, Lumber declining; the demand from Sacramento is much lens than anticipated. A cargo from Oregon, assor ted, sold at 862,(50 per M. Eastern lumber, small supply, 125 per thousund U offered and declined. Effect or the French Empire in Au TRIA amd ItalT. The Vienn corrcapon dent of the London Times thus refers to the effect in Austria of the establishment of the French Empire: : "The Lloyd and the Presse remain true to their colors. The former considers the Empire, a guurantce fur the peace of flu rope, while tho lattor persists in the opinion that if 'the Empire is peace,' it is an armed one, and consequently nearly us ruinous as war. After recapitulating the precaution ary measures t.ikcn in England, tho Prcsne continue: 'Tho economical Belgian Gov ernment considers it nucessary to increase its miJitary eslnblisliment; Russia, which has withdrawn its divinions into tho interior ol Poland, has again pushed them forward to the Prussian frontier; the construction of the East Prussian Railroad has been carried on with su.-li extremo activity, that, in a very short time, u considerable Rus.sinn corps can, if necessary, be posted on the Rhine; in Prussia, and in the sma Her Ger man States, such ineamire have been taken that an army can be ready for action in a low days. As such general distrust can not arise solely from vain onnjeclures nnd gloomy foreboding, tho causes which can produce such cllecls must be most important. The 'honor' of Franco probably requires the recovory oflhe Rhenish frontier, andsntir- factum lortho Utleat at Waterloo." The Pari corespondent of tho same pa per, writing under dute of the 5th instant, VFroin information -1 havo received, it would seem that tho population ol the Loin' burd-Veuitian kingdom, and of Central It' aly,havc already begun to turn their eyea to France, and to cherish the lupo that a French army may yet rrons the Alps with the object of re-constituting the old kingdom of Italy, and of uniting the iron crown with tho French imperial diadem; while again, the same party In thn kingdom ol Naples begins to dream n a restoration ol a Mural (lyuun- fy. .. . A bstfm lot's Diet. Many canes of ill ness, both in adult and children, may be readily cured by abstinence from nil foods, liendnehi . disordered stoinacliH, and many other attacks are often caused by violating the rule of health, nnd in consequence, some parts or the system are overloui'ed, or ome of the organ are clogged. Omitting one, two, or three meuls, as the case mny be, irivesthe m stem a chiinco to rest and allows the clogged urfans to dispose of their burdens. Tho pructicn of giving dru:'s to clear out the ' stomach, thourrh it mny afford tho needed toniporury relief, a way weakens the Kystrm, while ahstinenre secured the good rosult without doing any injury. Sold a young g nllemnn to a diMingonhcd medical practitioner, In Philadelphia, "Doc tor, what do you do for yourself when you have a turn oflioad ichu or other alight attack!" "Go without my dinner," was the reply. "And if that does nut cure you, . what then!" "(Jo w ithout my supper." "llitlif that does not euro you, what Ihun!" . ''Go without my breakfast. We physl ciuns seldom take medicine ourselves, or use it in our families, forwe know that slnli nence is better, but we cannot mnke our pnlienu believe it." Many rase ol slight indisposition are cured by a chungo of diet. Thus, irper sons sillier ronstipntion, has a headache, slight attacks uf fever or dyspepsia, the cause may often ba removed by euting rye mush and molasses, linked applea, und uthor fruits. Domtilie llxripl 1W.. A New Rkahnu Maoiuki! hniut been invented by a ci'izcn of Brooklyn, N. Y. which can be worked by one home, und it is saiil will cut iwe lily-live acres of Jrun ; a day. Four scythes with three cradle frames are fastened lo the rim of a non or cylinder, linving a vertical or rotary mntWu. I he drum lor u medium "Ire niach'no it i be six feet In diameter. ' Thesrythes are so arranged that every revolution ol the cylin dcr,Mtmultnneool wiih thestroke, cut and lodges ihe irrain in a standing gavel inilde thn cylinder or drum, whence thne who hold the mnchino van conveniently hend and disposo of the bundles of grain, This drain I cut by the nine kind of a stroke as is made with a band-cradle. It is in fart the old mode of hnnd-eradllug, worked, by machinery and worked by horse-power. ' Slavedy. It iaid that 600,663 slave ar owned In this country by miniat of ihe gospel and msmber of the different Protestant churches, viz: 219 563 by the Methodist, 77,000 by the Presbyterians, 125,000 by th Baptist, 88,000 by th Episcopalian- 101,000 by tha Camabell!te.and ; IM.OOO by thr denomination. ' ' i ... . Correspondence of the Lancaster Gazette. "?XlJ T' , suspension ol business at the capita! con- .equent upon the approach of the annual holiday, together with the fact that the re- cent freshet ha cut us off from almost all communication with the rural districts, ha occasioned a ''hiatus" in the services of your correspondent. - Fur the lust week but little haa been tho't of in the Capital City except the feaata and fun of our annual saturnalia, and although one branch or the other of the Leg lsluture lias been ostensibly in session tor the greater part of that lime, nothing haa been done of the least importance. A court bill paused the Senate yesterday for the common pleas of the Fifth Circuit, and is the only one passed since my letter of the 33d.. So large a number of the members have been absent that the few who remain ed were indisposed to do much, und that the people might notsu-pect this most impecca ble t.e'M.tlnture of ihe slightest deriliction, it was ueeecsary to keep up the appearance of tmluktry; so that each body met and referred petitions nnd adjourned without accomplish ing anything in the way of Legislation. 1 he delinquents are now last getting DncK and thing assume a more cheerful and in dustrious aspect. Yerterday their new bills were introduced into the Senate and sever ally rend "the first time one by Mr. Vnt tier, supplementary to the act to amend the a -t to regulate the estates ol deceased per persnns; one by Mr. Walkup, to authorize townships, towns and cities to sell siock held in incorporated companies; and one oy Mr. Alwnrd, to amend Hie net to provide tor the purity of flection. There being some difficulty in keeping a quorum present, the Senate has held but short sessions, tne House adjourned on Tuesday evening last until this morning, to give their ilsll to the State I enchers association which met nere on Wednesday und Thursday. A very large delegation was present, although tho high waters prevented tho attendance ol many, ond the deliberations and appearance of the Convention evinced a deep interest in the cause of public education nnd cave promise of a cheering future to this high oliject ol popnUr concern, lis proceedings were chnrae.teriaed by Ihe most perfect harmony nnd concord and the School-masters "went abroad" yciterdny with arms new strength ened tor their urciuons vocation. Tho proniiner.t object of Interest here at present la of course the preliminary exomi n a lion, now going on, before. Mr. Commis sioner Wilcox, oflhe alleged conspirator in the Martha Washington esse. The rxomi nition commenced t-2 o'clock on Wednes day and one witness was examined for the prosecution. Much of the time was con sumed in interlocutory discussions upon points of law and the admissibility of evi dene. Yesterday morning, Ju.'ge Walker for the defendants moved their discharge for tho want of competent jurisdiction. The point made was thai the law of 1835, under which the prosecution U brought, does not extend to the nnvignblo rivers of the United States n.-td that if it doen co extend it is un constitutional becatiso Congress is authoriz ed to punisii only oll'ences committed on the high seas. Walker, Pugh and Gov. Mooro hcadof Kentucky, spoke yesterday In favor of the motion to discharge and Messrs. Ware of Cincinnati, and'llunry Stanbery against it. Mr. Stanbery conducts the prosecution and although unaided and alone aguinM twolvo antagonists, he bears himself like Jupiter among the Gods with none next to him. To all your readers a Happy New Year. Encotiini.s. EncouRAGiHO Chime. Our own Governor Wood is somewhut famous for pardons. But Gov. Bigler, of the Keystone Slate, goe fur ahead of him. Among many others is the pardon of Geo. Rsher, convicted n few days since of a brutal attack on a voter in the Penn district, Philadelphia, on election day rhi: exercise of "executive clemency" bus I created, as it should, a good deal of indigna tion. Among others, the Evening Bulletin, a neutral paper with Locofoco tende cirs, says: "It was but the other day that a man, sev eral times indicted for keeping a disorderly house, was st Inst convicted; yet scarcely had the prison door closed nn him, when a pardon from the Governor appeared, and the culprTTwas discharged. The release ol Eth er is not tho first instance of a bounty being swarded to wrong is not a solitary exam ple of tho Governor interrupting the impar tial course of justice. Wo aro come to a pass, indeed, tmrt makes the patriot almost despair. The honest, Industrious, law-abiding citizen is at the mercy of every pest to society, and dares nntraise hi voice to ex press s candid conciction, from feor of black truards nnd bullies, over whom the mantle of Executive clemency U extended in antici pation." 0-5"The Fulton Count Denuicrnt is rather severe on the Legislature. Spnuking of tho proposition to repeal the act for publish ing tho luws in the county newspapers, the editur thu remarks. We think here is raw material fur at least a half dozen "questions of privilego:" Would it not look full as well did these exceedingly economical servant ol the people continence their retrenchment a little nenrer home. Jut look nt them for the last few years: Pleasure trips at expense of Ihe State; oyster supper lit expense of the State; if the very dignified representatives wish to play at n game ol romp, or ball or blind-niun's-bufl'iii the Legislative halls nnd rniso a general row and break things, and the S ate-house catches fire and is burnt the Slate has a I ng purse and Is able to pay. w imer iii n spiru ui ruirciicniiirni uiey ruised their per ifVm from three to four dol I an a day, made windy speeches and stretched the session from Jununry to Mny, and thon adjourned lo spend nnnt'jer win ter, "DrindUig awy t four c!olUn pot diy!" Consistency , verily thou art a jewel. Gigantic Railroad Briikiein Germany. There is a railroad bridge between l.eip aie. and Nuromburg.whiuh exceeds anything of tho kind Jet constrncted. Tho founda tion wns laid in 18H!. It is built principally of brick, sandstone being used iu the founda tion. There is a succession of arche one above another, having tho nppearanro of collotiiides, when viewed Trom a distance. The bridge is 2,050 feet in length, and in the center nearly 300 Teet high, extending across a deep vnllev near the town of lloff. At the centre only wo arches, nearly 100 feet in length, sprinus one above the other. I'liriof the time 2,000 men were employru I upon '.years it, nnd the work continued over Ave ar The whole cost of the bridge was ver 83,000,000.Bifn'o Courwr. The French la S inona. The report, by a formrr nrrivul.that a French adventurer had rcvolutiuniiod the Mexican Department of Sonora, an declared it annexed to Fronce.wins.tu any tho least, greatly exag gerated. There had been serious differences between the Frenchmen and the Depart mental Government, hut there wns every in dication that the latter would mnintoln itself, and that the Frenchmen would be obliged to auccumb. . Libeiamtt. In consequence of th high price of every article of consumption, tbe Director ofth Philadelphia and Commer. cla) Bank have, presented to each clerk a gratuity oi orteen per cent, an thsir rps. ,ti?friM. . Tuesday Evening, Jany. 4, 185 Pixscs'a Cabiset. Washington correa- pondenta and newspaper editora generally seem determined to form a cabinet for the President elect. They guess at a wide range and name persona of all kinds of views, so that it will La almost impossible to guess wrong in every instance. Juat now the cur rent haa turned pretty strongly upon Mr. Cushing of Massachusetts, Mr. Dix of New York, Sir. Nicholson of Tennessee, Mr. Nelson of Mary land and Mr. Hunter of Vir ginia, t'e latter lo be Secretary of Stale- But this conglomeration does not agree with the statement, semi-official, that Gen. Pierce intends to have "unit" of hia cab inet. In regard lo annexation, Mr. Dix and Mr. Hunter are widely apart in their views' while upon the Wilmot Proviso, the former gentleman differs as materially from Mr. Nicholson, lo whom Gen. Cass' celebrated letter of 1848 was addressed. Of the per sons named above, Mr. Cushing and Mr. Hunter have been Whigs, leading Whigs. But we do not think tho Cabinet can con sist of the gentlemen named. Some of them will doubt lesa be chosen. Mr. Cushing's chances are good,' while it is pretty certain that a position haa been offered to Mr. Hun ter. His friends say, however, that be will not accept. Our opinion is that Mr. Pierce will not select men whose power and influ ence may overshadow hi own. In that case, hi chance for a re-nomination would be considerably weakened, and we think Ke will be carelul to get men who will work for and not against him'. A short time will de cide the matter. Locofoco State Cobvektiox. ,-Dele galea from various parte of the State are pouring into Columbus and the next few days will be a busy time for tho wire-work ere. Candidates are plenty for all the of fices, except that of Supreme Judge, and we mny anticipate a rich and racy time. The difficulties in the party are to be harmoniz ed, not a very easy matter by the way, and then from the multiplicity of candidates se lections are to be made. At this time, Col Medill's chances for the Governorship are bright and promising, and unless the Miami tribe manngo very adroitly he will be nomi nated. But n dead set will be made against him and the many delegate from this coun ty will have a time of it In getting him thro. The Miami are a shrewd set of politicians and havepluyed their cards well; but they I ave now arrayed against them that class f wire-wo kers who can seem all things to al men, and we would not be surprised if the Colonel convinced some of them at least that he was us good a Miami a he was a Temper ance man. In this gamo lis is not surpas sed by the best of them. Iu polities he is as good a Fakir of Siva, as the latter U in jug. glery. Smart. Mr. Smart, of Maine, introduced into the House of Representatives a resolu tion, and, in the official record of the pro ceedings in the Gooe, there appeared n three column speech which wns very severo upon the Administration. ' This wns a smart way of getting smart sayings published at the ex panse of the Treasury. We think it a de irvJ Unro t pmy for (he peeches (hat are delivered, nnd if wo uro to incur the addi tional expense of pnyinglor what are not de livered, we mny as well turn the Govern ment into s general printing office. The House, however, wns smart enough to pass a res ilution prohibiting any more Mr. Smart from acting in this way. Besides the ex pense, any charge in this war by a ronupi mnn, and no other would thus art, would ob tain a circulation, and unless ns mean a mnn could be found upon the other aide to employ the same means to contradict it, it might pas current as a very severe charge upon the Administration. But Mr. Smart is headed. The next time he wants a speech published that ha could not deliver, ho will have to do it at his own expense. Whig State Convertiom. It ha been determined, we believe, to have a Whig Slate Convention, and the propriety of such a course cannot be questioned. Tho 2.'d of February, In accordance with ancient usage, should be selected as the day. The Con vention held late in the icason for a year or two past, have not been productive of any good, and the change of time, to say the least, was impolitic. We go for a Conven tion and the 23d, and hope it will be Gxed i upon immediately. ToHPEDoEa on Railroads. We ce by a letter from George Stark, superintend ent of tho Hudson River Railroad, 'address ed to the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer, thnt hereafter torpedoes are to be placed on the track whenever drawbridge aro hoisted In thick weather. Mr. Stark say: "The i .xplosion caused by running over one of these is loud enough to be heard ( throughout' tho entire train, communicating the uliiriu with ttuijlute certainty to all on board. I havo litis day directed that no drawbridge on this road shall hereafter be opened, either by day or by night, without torpedoes being first placed upon (he rails, fivo hundred yards distant on each side, in addition to the usunl signals." Custom Officers1 Feks. It is stated that certain Incumbent of custom-houses-measurers, weighers, and guagers have pre ferred a claim upon the Treasury for all the ffet of their offices, in addition to their sala ries, since 1842, amounting to 9800,000 or 9000,000, and probably even more than that. Tho Secretary of the Treasury very natu rally hesitates about paying such a demand. It is alleged, however, that the Attorney General asserts the legality of the claim. The President, equally with tho Secretary of the Treasury, is opposed to the claim; but, regaiding the Attorney General as the prop er leenl adviser of the Government, feels a delicacy In overruling his decision on such point. The claim, it is alleged, rest upon a me technical error in legislation, recently discovered by a cute office-holder. The sub ject will shortly come op, or is Dow, before t;ongF.j. , Cincinnati. Crime jathe locrcasein the Quern City, it we ar to judge from the police reports. There were two murder committed last week, with a large number of crimes of lesser magnitude. The newspa per ther contend for a change in tha or ganization of the police force, claiming that very much of the bad state of public moral is attributable to it inefficiency. .. fctTA Rv: Mr. Cumminga, of Concord, N. H.,haa Issued a parcel of flaming hand bilh, announcing the end of all aubluoary thing in 1854. H find a number of dt ludd follower. '' ..;' .', .. . . . Ciostao or the Tkacc of the Baitimoke An Ohio Railboao. The Wheeling Ga zette says that on th evening of the 34th inst., at five minutes after 6 o'clock, the track from the east, under the direction of Mr. Ruseby Carr.sr., and that from Wheel ing, under the direction of Mr. RosebyCarr, jr., met on the 13th section about 2 mile from Moundsville. The last rail hav'ng been placed, Mr. Carr addressed his men as folio: ''. We have now laid the last bar of the long link of railroad which connects the Chesapeake Bay and the waters of tho Ohio, and I call upon yon to give three'eheer for our President, 'Thnmaa Swann, and three more for our Chief Engineer, Benj. H. Lat robe. May they both live to make many more connexions of the western waters and the sea-board." 1 he roar of the stream wae drowned in the answering cheers from the now united parties of tracklayers, and it being proposed that three more should be given for their im mediate superior, Roseby Carr, ar., they were given with a will, and the tired work men retired to their respective camps... Hor. Jobs P. Kennedy, Secrerary of the Navy, is complimented by tho New York Journal of Commerce, for hisxeal in behalf of tho extension , of knowledge and science n connection with his Department. The Journal aaya: "No less than four learned bodies have passed resolutions commendatory of Ihe liberality of the Secretary of the Navy in promoting physical research. But for him, the Surveying Expedition of Commander Kinggold to the Eastern and Japanese seas, would have been a merely Hydrographic af fair of lead-lines and triangnlations. It now boasts of a full scientific equipment. Lieut. Page is preparing, under tho same liberal auspices, for an exploration of the Plata and Paraguay a region- rich in re sources. Commander Lynch has been star ted on a mission to Africa, to select a tanc- tarium for the future colonization a moun tain site, where elevation will give that ex emption from tropical Inssitode and disease which is now the greatest drawback of the coast settlement. Finally, Dr. Kane, with his troop of volunteers, will start for the Polar Region." American ari English Ne8Pafer8. At the meeting of ihe association to promote the repeal of the tax on knowledge, lately held in London, Mr. Cobden was compli mentary to America and American newspa pers. He said: The United State were pointed at, and people nid,- eee how low and vnlgar and vituperative they are. Now I see their pa pers, and I see how they talk of their pub lie men. I also see nnd read the newspa pers iu this country more than I wish and I vouch for it that the newspaper of the United State do not speak in more vulgar or vituperutive terms of their public men than certain newspaper do of at least one politician, who shall be nameless. I ven ture .to say that, during the last fortnight, you will find in two high ariatocratic papers hre papers that are the very pink of flun kiydom I mean the Herald and the Stand ard I ear more personal abuse of one nubile man in this country than is to be f nnd cnt upon nny public mnn in the United States within the period. Loud cheers We seek to give the work ing daises that which the upper nnd middle classes, as they are called, enjoy nn inter est in the periodical press of the country, Cheers. .The upper and middle classes of tins cciuitry should tnlie uurulng (ram what happened in n neighboring country. Have we not -en in France the freedom of the press abolished with n mere stroke of tho pen, without anv resistance being off ered! Cheers 1 Do you think this could hnv been done in America! The people of the United Suite would as soon suffer their daily bread to he taken from them as' their dailv'pnper. Why was this! Because every mechanic nnd peasant was in the habit of having and rending his duily newspaper; whereas in France the privilege was confin ed to a small fraction of the community, and I believe thnt the great mnns of the French people would not be able to rend the new papers, e en if they could get them. Henr, hear. Spot on ire Sun. A writer in the Del aware Republican calls attention to an un usually large spot oh the sun, which may be seen through smoked or colored glass. The writer adds: "By a rough measurement ol the present pot 1 found its diameter to be about thirty three thousand miles, consequently occupy ing an area on the sun's surloco of eight hundred millions of square miles, equal to four time tho superficial contents of our mighty earth. It serves to give some idea of the stupendous bulk of our solar orb when such vast deduction may be made from its luminous surface and yet any diminution of emitted light be unpcrceptihlo. "We havesocn Iho idea somewhere ug. gested by astronomers that these solar spots serve to produce hot summe" and mild win ters; if true we mny consider our present winter an illustration." The North Carolina Legislature ad journed sine die on Monday last, after a sea ion of 85 day. No United States Senator was chosen, and as the Governor is said to have no power to appoint one, the State will go unrepresented for the next two years. A bill was passed making an appropriation for the survey of the contemplated Eastern and Western extension of the Central Rail road. The Legiilnlure. under the late apportion ment law, divided the State into eight (lis. tricta for tho election of member of Con gress. The following '.s the vote in the dif ferent districts at the recent .Presidential e lection: 1st district, Scott 4,710, Pierce 4,268; 2d, Scott 4,269, 'Pierce 6,627; 3d, Scott 4,223, Pierce 6,803; 4th, Scott 4,790, Pierce 6,884; 6th, Scott 5,251, Pierce 3,365; Cth, Scott 5,588, Pierce 4,627; 7th, Scott 4,606, Pierce 4,407; 8th, Scott 6,531, Pierce 3,853. This arrangement : would seem to give to the whim 6, and tho democrat 3 members. The cloction for Congressmen will take place on the 4th of August next. Indians of Western New York. We find iu the Rochester Advertiser an abstract of the Indian Acent in relation to the rem nantof the ."Sioux Nations," now resident in the State of New York. According to the census taken in 1851, there were in the Stale: , '. , Benecas, .. 2.R78 Tuscaroras, ,. 290 Cayugaa, : . '3' Onondaga, v .- ,. 457 Oneida, 313 Mohawk, ' . 1 ; ' : .." ''-" "' 3,770 Th rapid decline ofthe Indian power in the State, from emigration and other causes, is seen in the fact that of the once powerful "Six Nations" leaa than four thousand now linger around the council fire of their fath er, while in their place have risen some fifteen hundred thousand "pale faces." Tush Otsterw, from Baltimore:," were received at Wheeling on Friday last, being the nrt over the Baltimore and Ohio- rail road.- - ' '''. Progrtu. The future prosperity and im provement of this city depend, tn a nigh degree, upon the effort made by our citi zen during the preaent year. - Already, un der the auspices of improvement already commenced, our trade ia advancing with a ateady pace; our go-ahcad citizen are fast gaining confidence and our population I in creasing. The latter would increase more rapidly were the number of dwelling-house larger. Several important improvement are projected for the coming spring and summer, and at no time within our history for aome years back,' were the signs of pro gress more visible. One ofthe greatest drawbacks to the increase of our population is the high price at which many hold their real estate. ' It should be remembered that by disposing of a portion at a reasonable! rate, especially for public purposes, the re mainder will be largely increased in value, while an opposite course may possibly drive away public improvements of vast, impor tance, which otherwise would be construct ed here, and thu the whole estate may re main stationary or recede in price. Feats of the Chinese Juggler. A correspondent of the Lowell Vox Popul thus describe one of the performance of the Chinese juggler in San Fcancieoo: A plank aixteen inches wide and six feet high was placed at the back of the stage, and the impaler with knives took his stand about nrteen or twenty reel in Iront ot it. The knives were about seven-inch blades, and four-inch handles, strong and pointed. After playing with them for a time, tossing and whirling them in a most wonderful man ner, he threw them one after another, fast ening them firmly in the plank pcfore him. He then drew them out, and another China man took his aland before the plank, or rath er at tho side of it, holding out hia arm a- cross the same, and thp unpa'cr threw one knife above and another below it, as close ly a they could have been placed there by the most careful hand, completely fastening his arm upon the plank. The : other arm waa then reached ncros ami fastened in the same way, the knives striking firmly and the handles crossing ench other. The Chi naman then reached forward his head, and quick as thought two knives wero thrown theooo above nnd the other below hi neck, seemingly within one-fourth of nn inch on either Bide. Such precision and daring was truly wonderful, and tho whole evening's performance elicited unbounded applause. The Trades of Paris Interesting Re port. A committee of inquiry from the Par is Chamber of Commerce have recently made a thorough examination of the indus trial production of Paris. It appears thnt wax figures are made to the amount of 135,- 200 francs. Tbe tailors do a business of 81 millions. Tbe jewelers of 61 million. The goldsmiths go as high as 102 millions. The shoemaker come up to 43 millions on ly. The fringe makers to 28 millions, cab inet makers the sume, tanners and leather dressers to 44 millions, carriage makers lo 19 millions, bronze founders to 18 millions, printers to 23 millions, glove makers to 14 millions, milliners to 12 millions, piano ma kers to 1 1 millions, and what is a little re markable, artificial flower makers to the same. The shawl makers' goods amount to 10 nn lions, butchers and cneraitiers, (sausage dealers come the nearest to a trans lation) ore put down at 91 millions, bakers und pantry cooks 72,500,000; all together Ihe industrial products ofthe city of Paris reach the sum of 1500 millions of francs, of which a very large portion is exported from France; for instance, they ship of millinery, 2,B47,'tO0; men's liati, 1,319,000; umbrellas 1,060,000. . A Clergyma n A n old and valuable sub- senber, has sent us a certificate from one of his Pa ish oners which I e wis! e publish- ed for the benefit of Ins neighbors, and the community nt larg?. It states on authority that needs no confirmation, the partieuliM of ar m riabie cure from Ayer's Cherry ... . . . .. . I uc do a;an article we. hive olrendy taken aa.on to notice, and which we have occaa r.-ason to believe is worth notice. This ifferorhad been rediiod very low from the effects of a Cold and Cough, caused by over exertion at a fire, nearly three years since, and from which it was evident to his friends that he was fast hastening to a premature grnve. Mnny of the remedies of the day and the advice of eminent Physicians had all failed to afford him relief, when he was induced to try the Cherry Per torn 1, which soon cured htm. . The crowded state of our columns will not admit the full particulars, but we earnestly invite the attention of our reader to the advertisement in another part of our paper. Christian Clrn &. Gatiierino of the Clans. The "Amer can," ns the head quarters ofthe Democra cy, is beginning to be the scene of all sort) of intrigues for nomination by tho unterri fied. Leading men of the party are gather ing in from all parts ofthe State, and tho wires are being arranged by the knowing beon presented to Col. A. Vandyke, of ones. The Eighth of January Convention . Spencer county Ky., for the best 650 hoge comes off on Saturday, when we shall see fattened by one farmer. These hog aver sight. The great .truggle is lor Govcrr.j ac,ed 3,a pound,net a silver pitcher hae Treasurer and Secretary of State. The j 90 boen presented to Lewi Castleman, present Incumbentr aro enndidntes; but It I for n lot of 260 hogs raised in Favette coun is decreed that they shall stand aside for a tTf Ky These no averBffe(j 340 pounda moro hungry swarm. "Rotation in office," ! neti .T is the cry ol all the outs. Journal. Acresof Pork. A correspondent of the Louisville Courier says, that in East Louis ville the fivo extensive pork houses have five or six acres of barrelled pork, piled up three tiers high in open lots. There are not lesa than six acrea which would make eighteen acres of barrels, if laid side by aide, exclusive of lard in barrels and pork bulk ed down in the five pork houses, sheds, &o. Besides the above slaughtered hogs, there are fivo or six acre of live hogs in pen. ftThe St. Louie Intelligencer ay: "A statement went the rounds not long ago that Ihe hired trirls of Pittsburgh had sent .home $35,000 lo their relations iu 'the old countries' within the six months previous. Of its correctness we know nothing. But we have recently taken some pain lo pro cure from authentic source a reliable state ment of the amount sont from St. Louis with in twelve months past in remittances by im migrant from Ireland. - An aggregate of Si 10 000 ha been purchased here and thus remitted during the present year,". .. OirTheinjuric to bridge on the Sandus ky, Mansfield and Newark Rnilrond, and upon the Mad River and Lake Erie Rail road, are less serious than at first stated. Below Mt. Vernon, one bridgo onfy is en tirely srone, the other being somewhat in jured witl be aoon restored. The lost bridge will bo replaced by a new structure in a few day. We have been informed at the Rail Road Office that-the 'cars would commence running probably to day if not, then on Monday. Ncvtark Timet. Light Coin. A few days since a gold eagle was taken at tbe poit-office, Hartford, Conn., which was discovered to be deficient in weight. It had gone through tbe west ing process, and bad lost fifty -six cent of it value. Coin treated in Ihia wty generally how the mirk ofthe wire on which it ha retted during the operation, and by these it may be detected. . ; . -: - . . The HempfixldRailroap, according to the Wheeling Times.willsoon b in arapidly progreiv etat, and a Philadelphia Presi dent 'will He elected for th road.;'-' aaaanaafarjifHa eonfid.n?i ZenlTCthn' U h noW ' Scott i. eleSed&V'Pirrtatl,,,tG"' State. The new. w fiV?f, ,h? ,United wi.e:; A private i; been lately experimenting upon th f T h" of animal magnetism-iu Tinflu2" fown Lnnwn infniti-.. " 'n?unce upon un. being mad. a 'practical utililJThe"? f ue their investigation in . ... ""7.P"r way, and utterly reject the idea that tW ia any supernatural agency in th J, 7. The have lately beet, faorej Sfth a new revelation; in the shape 0f visu from sp.rita of person living at a great diatance In fact they claim to have discovered a re, ular spiritual telegraph. , , , "is ln course of their experiments, a niUto, two ago, Gen. Cas and Truman Smith in dicated their presence and each waa Inter" uj-mcu as iu mr result oi me recent Presi dential election in the Atlantic State. and " ooiu rrpueu uiai uen, ocott wa elected. When asked to name the Statea that had voted for him, they concu-Ted in giving the ' following: Vermont, Massachusetts, Con necticut, Rhode Island, New-York, New- , Jersey. Pennsylvania. Delaw North Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, Tennes see, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana. These count up 187 Electoral votes, 38 more than sufficient to elect him. Another person from Connecticut, in reply to interrogatories, gave the same statement, with the addition of "Wisconsin doubtful."- Now the steam er bringing intelligence of the Presidential election will bo here In tho course often day. Ifit confirms this giving outof tbe spirit, we shall begin to believe aomething useful may grow outofthenand shall estab lish a spiritual telegraph immediately, and furnish our reader every morning with the new from the Atlantic cities of the day be fore. . San Francisco Herald. . Suffering in Madeira. A - calamity ha fallen on Madeira unparalleled in it his tory. The vintage, the revenue of which furnished the chiefmeanaof providing sub sistence for it inhabitant, ha been a total fuilure, and the potato eron. formerly an. other important article of their food,ltill rxitruBiveiy uiseaseo. ah classes, there fore, are suffering, and a there are few sources in the island to whieh they can look ior iooo, cioming and other necessaries of life, their distress must increase during the winter, and the future ia contemplated with painful anxiety and apprehension. . James M. Rat, Cashier, publishes a card -in the Indianapolis Journal of the 28th inst., warning the public to "look out for a 83 counterfeit bill on the State Bank of Indi ana in circulation." The whole ground work and general appearance of the bill are too light, and the lines of shading around the heads of Taylor and Cass are plainly to be seen, while they are not perceptible in the genuine. The filling and engravedIeU tering are plausible, and care needs to be taken by the public to prevent TmposK tion. . . .- 0r Hon. Edward Stanley, of North Car olina, designs removing to California at the close ofthe present session of Congress. He is said to be a man of moderate Mane, and it is his intention to engage in the prac tice of his profession, giving up public life as a business likely to make his testamentary dispositions uninteresting to hi iminediato posterity. OTlt is computed that in thiayear there will be laid in the United State 350,000 tons of railroad iron, of which only 50,000 will be manufactured in this country. The price of this kind of iron is now,f05 per ton, and is expected to aoon be $75 or $80. A t this rate, about twenty millions of dollar will be expended for railroad iron of foreign, make the coming year. "e Jonuon iratlv new, conimoi.trm f" mo rsiuonsnmem Ol Ihe frcm-h .i ...Lo. i .- ... . pire, declares it to be the precursor ' of a war. ti18 flows eayf: Where the storm J j, fim to lnnU or undpr , , u impossible to tell; but the establishment of j, French Empire i certain to lead to a wor i gotiio quarter or another. In votino- the Empire tbe citizens of France will find"that lhey have voted a "renewal ofthe European wa which convulsed the early yeare of tho present century. - -r i Free Trade in the Port-office Busi- iibss. i ne new teller envelops, with the single and double stamps, will soon be ready. Then every steamer, every railroad train, every stage, every express line, and every man, is made a mail carrier by act of Con gress. Letters, in the government envel ops, can be sent in any way, by any route,, and byany conveyance. . , , - W -- T 7 nmu or i,ouis in afoleon.-m. uail- lardet, in the Courier de Etat Unia, gives currency to the report that the Pope, haa decided to come to Parle the end of May next, to crown their majesties, tbe Emperor and Empress of the French, and that he will afterwards bestow the same consecration upon the Emperor of Austria, at Vienna or Milan. . . . " . IT KMTITew . ITnrc A mlva nltz-tior lifts Iowa. The State ' Government of Iowa ha been organized only six year.- . At that time the population was 90,000. It appear now, by the recent message to the legisla ture, thnt it Is 230,000, an increase which mny challenge comparison from any other State in the Union. ..- New Orleans, Deer 28. An election waa held in thia State yesterday for State officers, under the new conatitution. : Paul Ilebert, the democratic candidate for Gov ernor, has 1,263 majority in the city and the whig conceded the election) of tbe entire democratic ticket. 04rSingleton Mercer, well remembered a having several years ago killed Heberton for seducing his sister, waa (hot in the head on Fridny night the 24th inst., at an' oyster cellar, corner of Third and Chestnut (treets, Philadelphia. Tho person who fired the pistol escaped. . - Newroiisnr.ian Electric Telegraph. At a meeting of the Newfoundland Electric Telegraph Compnny, held on Wednesday, it was decided to lay a tubterranean wire . through Newfoundland, instead of the pro posed suspended wire. ' New Orleans, Dec. 29. The steamer Falcon arrived to-day from Aspinwall, bring ing 9 iuv,uvu in goto, ana loo icuk"- . The Georgia left Aspinwall on the 80th for-" New York with $2,600,000 In gold, and" . 300 passenger. Large Arrival or Hog. On Chriat maa day the Erie Railroad broaght 8,337 hog toNew York. The dailYreceipta have averaged only about 1.800. They are prin cipally dreedhog. ' ' ' ;' ; " BANaFiiLi. Tbe PlaindeaUr Jia tel ' . i.r...iin that the "Farmers' nLtofOnondaea," and the "Merchant, andMechanica' Bank of Owgo," ...., have failed. - ';' -:- A Windfall to a EbItoR. Mr. Scripp editor of the Chicago Democratic Prm, baa- received a legacy, the - Chicago Arioumr ay, of not lea thaw $T00,00Ov from an ua elt who he jut died In St. Louun ' - ;