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(LhC XUtlUU OAZntt U J n CITY OF LANCASTER: Monday veuiur. Jaw. 10, Lacoroca State CosvtBTios. We'have not yet received any um-.ial intelligence oi the dotug of tlii body on Saturday last. j Croton MilU per mouth. Its peculiar prop Col. Medill, we underataml, was nominated rlic are imparted by incorporating with on the first ballot"." Mr. 'Bliss." 'of AMen.Mhe flour, during its manufacture, supercar ,. ... i, bonate of soda and tartaric acid, lit suitable was nominated for l,ut, Governor. Mr. 100,000 lbs. of Breha,of Seneca, was nominated for Trees- . f .nJ 7U .000 of tll. Utter, have irer; Dr.Trevitt, of Franklin, fur Serretary been imported during! he last six months, to j"' 1 . or Stale; Dr. Griswold, of Pickaway, for be ued in the preparation of the self-raining The a vera" length of each of 34 vova , Member of the Board of Public Works; Mr flour. By the new process, the usual way J ,.ea frum New York to Liverpool of the Cu- -f k. I.,!... Lu.J Ku il .4 A. A noil. r . .a J Ct 1. I ST. nt McCook, of Jelleraou, for Attorney uenerat; , and Mr. Bart'ey ol Richland, for ?o,reme Judge, ; " The opponents of 3Ir. Medill were CoJ Jlanypenny and Mr. McD.iwell. . The pe culiar character of the nomination aoenis to preclude the idea that any one faction wo triumphant. It. was generally understood that Col. Manypeuny. wu Medary1 favorite, and be was consequently foiled In his effort to control the nomination for Governor, while the nomination of Mr. Brcslin for a re -election isofcuuro, a Medary triumph. From the fact that the nominations were made, on Saturday, weiupposethe Conven tion wti more harmonious than it waa gen erally supposed it would be, the contest hav ing been waged in county Conventions and not transferred to the goneral meeting. ' Our information ta derived from individu als. We may have more definite accounts before we go tu press. It is pretty certain, bowover, that what is called the Miami tribe has not been successful iu controlling the nominations of the Convention, and it is quite probable that their defeat is an indica tion that Col. Medary will not obtain a seat 'n the New Cabinet. In the nomination for Governor at least, Col. Allen it triumph ant. Railroad lnoCompamliv McriU of English and American. From a well authen ticated statement it appears that American railroad iron, manufactured from American pig, is in quality superior by almost 3 to I, to the imported article. The following is the test furnished by the engineers of the Reading Railroad a route better calculated than any other in the United States to try the qualities of iron rails: Annual ware of Eng. iron, 4 1-10 per cent. " " A merit an do 1 4-10 " Difference in favor of Araer. 2 7-10 On lines principally for the conveyance of passengers, the wear is not so great, con sequently the difference in favor of Ameri can Iron is tens; but the average disparity is s about 2 to 1 in the wear, being the difference 4ii cost Tor repairs. The Lawinoor iron, . which stand highest in the estimation ofour railroad managers, is far inferior In tenacity . to ordinary American iron In use. iMMioauiiT The total number of arri vals at the port or New York alono from foreign countries, for the year 1833, adds up . 303,558, of which it is ascertained that 39, 053 have been American citizens returning home from travel abroad, leaving the num ber of forcignors, 334,504. For four years p-t, the total number is stated as follows: 1340, 330,008; 1850,313,890; 1801, 339,901; 1823, 306,501. Of the much the largest numbers came from Ireland and Germany. We annex a comparative table of these two classes. ' Natirm. 1849 1850. 1851 1863 Ireland, 113,687 116,543 103,350 117,637 Germany, 65,706 45,407 69,883 118,136 . The next largest number comes from Eng land and the remainder is tnado up from 36 different nations. It will bo noticed that the German Immigration has greatly increased, outnumbering that from Ireland the past juiAiku. timer account iroin Mexico state that 'the revolution was still raging and that a ministerial crisis had taken place .On the 4lh of December, an earthquake was felt at Mexico, Puebla and Jalapa, but no damage was experienced. San Louis Po tost paper contain an advertisement of Henry May, offering a reward of $500 to any one that will give exact information as to Iho whereabouts of the silver mine pre. tended to be owned by Dr. Gardiner, and 9500 more to any one that will show in the same district the quick silver mine pretend ed to be owned by Dr. Mcars. "InrEKHAl. MACHIRE."-The Toledo j&VurfV claims the honor of the infernal machine sent to Gen. Pierce. In copying the article from the Concord Democrat, it ssy that "the infernal mtchino' we believe, was sent to Gen. Pierce by our fcllow-cltixen, John B. Murphy, Eiq . and contained the finest haunches of venison, and fattest duck to be found In thi portion ef the Weil, Cincin nati doe not afford an article in either line equal to those of thw Maumce. 'Honor to whom honor Is due.' " Mabtland. The finances of Maryland are In a prosperous condition. The Gover nor states, in his message, that the surplus of the year Is 9643,000, after paying 9677 ,ooo for tho current interest on the public debt. RcrusAt, or Billy Bowleg to Leave Florida. -It la said that private letter re ceived in Washington from Florida, slsle that Billy Bowlegs.and the rest of the Sem inole chiefs, had refused to ratify the treaty made with Gen. Blake, and that Billy and hit followers, after gathering all the arms they could, hsd fled. General Blake had proceeded to the Florida Legislature, and asked, for the Immediate raising of a large npmber of volunteers to compel the Sent inoles to leave. It appears when Billy got back, and informed his people thst he had signed a treaty, agreeing to leave Florida, they at once refused to ratify it. and, as a means nr reducing Billy to obedienoe, took his wives away from bim, and threatened to place another man at the head of their af fair. Billy stood to his word for about four weeks.whan he gave In, end told Gen. Blske that be could not help It, and fled. The War , Department has not yet received officisl notice of the matter, but will, it is suppusrd, a soon as it Is received, order all the avail able troops to theseene of difficulty. OrThe construction oftheCrystsI Pal see, in New York, is prosecuted with ener gy, and lU completion Is sssured In season for the opening of the exhibition on the 3d of May next. Meantime, arrangements are in progress to secure brilliant representation 9f thecholcest production of the world'e In auftrj'in beth hemlapheret. ' m . I ,uuiwiwi""' i w . k: l.r.l if nf aa. WOmea PV moi. -j -. .. .. , ! body else. LThe Croton F.our is bound to riss, Saye tbe Journal: I Patent Self Raising Flour an aiticle entering into ery general consumption, . - , w b munufmeWe4 at the V" VV. r .. , ' , "" . " deterioration of the valuable qualities of the flour, and a, lo equal lu IK per cent, in weight, compared with hre.l raiard witliout Something New Under te see. Mere, par.grapb from the N. Y. Journal of ihit will armt the attention of yeast.) i avoided. I no proprietor 0",,,:iuiei Crolon Mills, are preparing to give a coll tion at their establishment, during the next week, for the benefit of housekeeper, at which thoy propose to se. ve up bresd, bis cuit,4.c. from the self-raising flour, produ ced within forty-fire minutes from the dry tloor. The Croton Mills drive fifteen run o stone, day and night, employ 60 men. ano consume annually about 600,000 buhels or wheat, besides oats and corn in iarBc quantities. In preparing the vsrious arti cles manufactured, flour.inrina &.C., for mar ket, 460,000 yards of muslin and coarse bug ging are coni-umed, and 1,500 reams of pa per. The machinery is driven by an oscil liinc eniriiie. the motive power being furn ished by two of Montgomery's Patent Tubu lar Boilers; and from the exhausted steam, all parts of the establishment are abundantly heated. It is believed that the quantity of flour annuity manufactured, amounting to 100,000 barrels, exceeds the product of any other flouriug mill iu the country. Depreciation or Gold. The following remarks are made by Mr. Thomas Hankcy Jr., Governor of Iho Bank or England, in a short preface which he ha written to the English translation of M. Leon Fauche' work on the "Production of the Precious Metal:" "1 can hardly agree that there is no little ground for alarm as to a depreciation in the value of gold in consequence of the late dis coveries. The effects of tho production In Australia can hardly he felt at present, con identic that the export of English gold coin has been, up to this dale, I think, equal to the amount of gold we have received thence; but when the sovereigns lately shipped are found to be in excess of the wants of com munity in Australia, and are re-shipped to this country, together with the produce of the gold workings, between this and next summer. I cannot but believe that the up ply in the market or the world will bo found iu excess of the demand, and mat ultimately a considerable and z noral alteration in prices will ensue." Natuleon' SrecctATioHS. LouU Na poleon, it seom, has been playing a ux ceful game for wealth as well as power. According to a paragraph in the Boston Post: Since the coup d' eCat the French railway shores have advanced almost filty per cent while the Paris bourse has been animated with unwonted speculation. There wus something unnatural In all this, and people are beginning to nnd it out. I,ouis Niipni eon, it Is said, did it all and for his own benefit, politically and pecuniarily. It gave a certain eclat to hi administration, and it filled his purse. When share, &.C., were low, he purchased largely, and then pit tren ded the line tney appertained to. His a gents filled London and Pari, and his gains are set down by sbrewd and able speculators at 10,000,000. With 16,000,000 in his ovtrrchost, what may he not dare! But former defeats have taught him caution; he is not ready, and can wait. The despots of Europe wait upon him, court hi in and dread hitn. A Good Ohe. The Buffalo Commercial s responsible for the following: We loam from Waihington that tho whig there are having a hearty laugh over the discomfiture of tho unlortunalo office beggars or the federal city. .The story is, that the hungry crew who have undertaken to monopolize the patronage of the District recently sent a letter to Gen. Pierce con taining a long list of unworthy office-holders whom they expected him to remove the mo ment he got fuirly scaled in the Presidential ( hair. Tho doomed Incumbents were charged with innumerably delinquencies, and it waa alleged that the public interest was in great jeopardy from their bad pro pensities. Pierce is said to have replied, that if the caso waa as bad as they had rep resented, they had bettor apply to Mr. Fill more, who had the power to gratify them at once. Crime and DissirATioN in Loudon. We find in the National Temperance Chronicle the following statistics of vice in London, and add in a second column an estimate for New York city: London, y. York. , 16,000 3.000 , 6,000 1 ,000 15,000 3,000 35,000 3,1100 30,000 10,000 180,000 80,000 150,000 60,000 60,000 6,000 471,000 153,000 Receivers of stolon goods, Gamblers by profession Beggurs, Drunkards, Habitual Drinkers, Persons subsisting on prof mracy, Thieves, Total, Thk Case or the General Armstrong. By the late newe from Europe, Information ha boon received ol the rendition or an a ward by Louis Napoleon.iu tho matter or the celebrated claim made by our government a- gamai that ol Portugal, lor Jiidcuiinncatiun ior tne loas or the Americas privateer Gen eral Armstrong, in 1815, and which award has bttn adverse to the claim, and in favor of Portugal. The General Armstrong belong ed to Captain Rid,or New York, who claim ed an indemnity or 9100.000, and in 1849 the Secretary of State, Mr. Llayto n, and tho Portuguese Miuiater, agreed, on bebair or their respective governments, to submit the whole matter to th arbitration or Louis Napoleon, then the President of France. That personage has since then been mode one r the reigning monarch. uf Europe, and hi decision, aa dated above, iaginst the United States. - Penrstlvaxia Coal Tsaoe The Putts villo Journal says the increased sunnlv I.... all the Anthracite region in 1853 will noil vary much from 645,000 tons, making ths whole supply for the year 4,925.00" tune, a little abort or five millions. The average value of this coa! ut the seaboard will ex ceed twenty millions or dollars. . The in creased supply i r coal thst will be required from this region in 1853 will be a, most 400, 000 tons. This quantity will be about equal ly divided between the railroad and the ca nal, as each company is nuking arrange mnnts tn4unrease its facility for transporta tion at least 300,000 ton. The roal ope rator have called meeting to lake into consideration the propriety of Increasing tbe price of atove coal. OCrUSE I HOWE'S COUGH CANDY., ' Wt 3 - TLa W Cnniril I Juki, diirin thn nut vear. teco T - line nobly sustained ita reputation of regu jkrity, and the difference between the two may be counted In hour. The Courier ay a: The average length of each of 33 vcya- ges from New York to Jjverpooi ol we Collins ship. wa 10 days, 19 hours end 14 minute. I The average lenffih or each ol 34 voyeges from Liverpool to New York of the Collins I .n J.. ih mun anu mJ nim- I"1 "'V -" minutes. ! Ue average length of each of 35 voyages j frou) y ,erpUO to New York of the Cunard iahj WMa 12 days, 11 hour and 36 min- The shortest passage was made by the Arctic, in February, when she went out to Liverpool in 9 days, 17 hours and IQ min utes. -The longest pasbage wss made by the Xiagaru, in the same month, when she put into Halifax on her way to New York, mak ing the voyage in 30 days, 16 hourj and isu minutes. The shortest passage by a Cunard ship was the Asia's in August, when she reached New York in 10 days, 4 hours and 63 min utes. . Tho longest pnssageby aCollins ahip waa the Pacific's iu February, when she was 15 nays, 6 hours and 35 niiuutea in reaching New York. The Confidential Fund. A newspa per rumor, that Senator Sonle entertains the design of proposing to intrust 10,000, 000 dollars to the incoming Administration, for the purpose of enabling it to meet any exiraoniinarv exigencies that mitrht arise in the foreign relations of tho country during the recess ot Congress, has ueen me occa sion of some malicious criticism with the Whig press. A newspaper rumor is a very frail basis for an assault upon an Adminis tration before it exists. But though the ru mor were true and we do not wish to be understood as meaning to discredit it we Imagine there is uothing in the proposed measure to justify the censure of the Whig press. The measure Is not wimout repeat ed precedent; and surely if et any period it wasneccssary and proper, it isucmanuea oj the present crisis of doubt and difficulty in the loreign relations of the country. It is impossible to for see what momentous nation al exigency m'y arise within the next twelvemonth, so unsettled and threatening ii the aspect or the political world. It can not be contended that the country is unwill ing! to intrust the disposition of such a sum to tho discretion or Genoral Pierce, after the extroordinary vote of confidence gi en him by tho people on the second ot last November.- Union. Ten millions of cash, ready tu be delivered over as a "Confidential Fund" to the Presi dent, the Union thinks might be very proper. A "Confidential Fund" in such cases, we understsnd, means a fund to bo used at dis cretion, without disclosing how it is used, or being expected to make explanations or show vouchers. The public may be excused for a little curiosity at least, tu see how this manoeuvre will turn out. A smart little sum is ten millions of dollars! Journal. Wool in the United States. The Econ omist says: "By recent scientific research es on the part or Peter A. Brown, Esq., or Pcnncylvania, it has been cstablihcd thRt the United States can outrival the world in wool as in cotton. - Thus Spanish sheep, vieldin? naturally wool 3000 to the inch, carried to England, degenerated to 900 to the inoJi, and brought to tle United States recovered to 3,100, or finer thnn the original. The Tuct being onco established that our climate and soil produce finer wool than oth er countries, will give" to our manufactures inevitably the superiority jn cloths, if the manufacturer is allied in u'e interest to tne grower.'' ' The Eighth or Jaruart. The anniver sary ol the astembling of the Oh.' Deinor rncy has ngain arrived. Delegated are in attendance Irom every county of the SiMe. The war among the factions has been so fierce and sanguinary that each party has looked well to the Provinces for help. For some days past the American has been a perfect hive, and the different candidates and their friends have had a great time in elec tioneeriug the country boys as they arrive. Oysters, eh mpagne, pale brandy, and oth er pertvaiivrt, have been in great demand. There I no exact record or the number or buttons pulled off, and coat tails cur-tsiled, but report says it is beyond all former prece dent. Jour. Louie Napoleon. "Louis Bonaparte," says Victor Hugo," "is a man or middle height, cold, pale, slow in his movements, ! having the air or a person not quito awake. He has published, as we mentioned before, a tolerable treatise on artillery ,and is thought tu be acquainted with the iiiano;uvoring or cannon. He is a good horseman. He speaks drawingly, with a slight German ac cent. His histrionic abilities wero display ed at the Egglington tournament. He has a t'lick moustache, covering his smile, like that of the Duke d'Artois, snd a dull rye, like that of Charles IX." Revision or the Constitution or Mass achusetts. Gov. Bnutwell has issued a proclamation announcing the vote or the people on calling a convention for a revis ion of the constitution to be 125,537 in favor, 66,416; against il, 69,111; and calls upun the several cities and towns to assem ble on the first Monday of March next to thuoac delegates to said convention, equal to tho present number of representatives from said cities and towns, to assemble in the Stale House on the first Wednesday in May, 1853, to act on the expediency of a mending the constitution. Militant Defence or New York. Ad ding to the enrolled volunteer companies the target oooipanie, not enrolled, but ready to be so st any call ol duty, tho citizens sol diery in the city of New York aro aaid to a- mount In ttrty thousatid men, having com mand of one hundred and sixty-one pieces of artillery. This a feature of which Goth, am may welt be proud, and in this, at least, she is the Empire city. Fifty thousand disciplined volunteers, capable of boing put under arm at lew boura' notice, constitute powerful garrison. : GOAmiu the firing or cannon and the ex ultation or the people, the. ground was bro keurastof Somerset on the 1st iust., for the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad. -- biierman & V". are tho contractor tor building the eutiro road, except 34 miles awarded to Henry Dittoe. Esq The entire amount , of stock allotted to Perry county ha been taken. So My the Somerset JVf Courier. . A Mormon Orqaii, called the. Seer, h been started i.i Washington city, by Orson Pratt, one of the Latter Day SainU. It is in favor of polygamy, and attempts to justify the practice by Scripture. The power of Congress or of any Slate to prohibit it Is de oied. The statement that polygamy ie al lowed and practiced la the Mormon commu nity seem to be well established from their own organs. Anything more socially cor rupting or denjorauzingeartnat be conceiv ed. , AM UfWWl o'"" - Y. Courier puMUhw UbU exhibiting the lens - lb. of each vovaire of the Collins and The First Guard Fight or the Ca- fami. The different faction of the Hamil ton county delegation to the 8lh of January Convention had a jrrsnd Sent at me Niei House, about midnight, on Fndsy evening lU , It .. the firat of the Campaign, and , nuiNrwM v n m rini f n rain wihii. , i The Cincinnati delegation is composed of about 38 members. They are entitled to ca.t 37 voles. At a preliminary meeting of the delegation, it waa manifest that 'efCt iiiuinsis were ill me iscenutin- -?uiiij un puled cases arose, and every one was deci ded, in t very summary way, against the SatrimcJa, and in favor of the Miami's, with uutstoppiug to look into thu right or justice of the case. It waa then round that there waa a vacancy in one'ot the townships. The Sawbucks declared thst the person to be appointed should be from the unrepresen ted township. But this was disregarded, and a Miami waa pushed in. 'The steam, by this time, got high, and blew off loud. The red-laced Jew, who flourished so large ly, we there, as the special organ of the SutchucXs. He denounced the whole pro ceeding na corrupt. Reemelin, also a del egate,remonstrated. To cap the climax, they proposed that oie from the delegation should be selected to cast the entire vote of fie delegation, and that a majority of the delegates should have!the power to instruct how that vote should be cast. Tins was adding insult to injury. It was annihila ting the strength of theSawbucks at a blow. It was not to be endured. Faran, oneof the editor of the Enquirer, could not stand this move, and took vigorous ground against it. But the Miamis are strong in Hamilton county, and in the State. They tried to vote the proposition through, and prostrate the Suwbucks, but fai'ed. Then came re monstrances and denunciations. From high words they soon came (o blows. A rush was made upon the Sawbucks, and tbe red-raced gentleman was soon mounted, crushed, and terrible beaten. Faran was attaeked.'and badly beaten. Reemelin was seen making a straight shoot for the outside door, and escaped without damage. It was a row and fight worthy Capt. Rtkdeis, and the Empire Club, in the palmy days of Tsm- many Hall. Indeed, the Miami Tribe in the West, and the Empire Club In the East, are two great props or modern Locofocoisin. But we digresf. When confusion was at ita height, somebody alerted after the night watch. The rioter swung their lists in per rect phrenzy. The cool Democrats or other counties stepped in and tried to pacify the combutant. "Bollt" was remonstrated with, and entreated to preserve the peace as a row would disgrace the party as well as the men engaged in it. He acceded to everything that waa said, and avowed him seir a peace man "as soon as he could give Jim Faran a d d licking." Saturdav.thc bruised and beatenSawbucks were kept within doors. The fight was victory to the Miamis, or a very decided character. It bad all the ingredients ol the ludicrous end Ihedisgraceml. It was a fair exponent or Hamilton county Locofocoism. A certain Judge Jacob linn was a promi nent actor. Asa citizen or Columbus, we respectfully suggest to these gentlemen the propriety of doing np their fighting before they leave home. We shall certuinly teel it our duty to expose them, if they change tbe venue ol thew operations from Ilaipil ton to Franklin county. O. 8. Journal. ' The Caloric Ship. The N. Y. Courier announces the return of the Caloric. Ship irom ner engineer's trial trip down the Bay Mhe periormed well, but in consequence o soino of the valves or rivets not being per lectiy sir tight, the lull power of the ma chinery was not tested. The Express says her consumption of cosl including her firing wp wus at the rate of six tons in 24 hours, and that those moHt interested wero perfectly satisfied with her success. 'New NotimcLATURE ron Locomotives It is hUted that a locoototrvc for the R' c'l ester and Syracuse railroad has been adorn ed with the title of inrription "Istilllive" the U't words of Daniel Webster. ' A correspondent suggests lb it tho New York and Erio Railroad Company h ive one bear ing the last words of John Quinry Adams ''This is the hint of curlh. "Dying speech es seem singularly appropriate on New York railroads. Earthquaee in China. The Pekin Ga zette, of August, reports that nn earthquake hiiii taken place in the Province of KaUuch. A thousand houses is said to be destroyed; 300 inhabitants killed und 400 injured. In Manilla, also .hocks of an earthquake had occurred. Man ptrsons and two churches destroyed, and the pal.ice-ltouse and custom house rendered uninhcbiwble. Female Teleoraih Operators. We see it staled in the papers that the following ladies are telegraph operators: ' 51 is Susan R. Sutherland, in Newark, N. Y.J Mi Electa M. Sheldon, in Jackson, Michigan; Miss Farnsworth, in Conneaut. Ohio; Mre Fleming, in Newark, Ohio; Mis Wood, in Albion,, Ohio and a young lady in Dover, N. II. Reasons why Coffee is not well made. 1st. The berries' are frequently too much and rapidity roasted, their proper color be ing that of cinnamon. 2d. The coffeo is ground too fine. 3d. Nut enough coffee is used. 4th. It is usually overboiled, by which mean the bitter principle is extracted from the berries, and litllnor no pains are taken to clarify it. Canadian Agriculturist. Sale op Slaver. We learn from ihn Fredericksburg (Va.) Herald that the aluvos ' cars, however, have been running since the belonging to the estate of the late John S. jlstinst. Wellford, were sold on Thursday, and com- , T1 : - manded very fair prices. Home ferry were! Ju,KiE DoUOtAS ha. been re-elected U. old. Athletic men brought over $900; two ' 8- Senator from Illinois, for ix year from families, a mother and six children, 2,600, the 4th of March next. The vote stood and a mother and two children, $1,600. j Douglas 75; Gillespie, whig, 19; and Cull- A Rush for Australia. From all parts of i freo eoller, , ' . the world pcopleja r rushing to the gold mines ' or Australia. A late Buenos Ayres paper states that three vessels are filling up' with n8. l 'JS T ' . , i "Krc8a,e C"P passenger, at that port for the gold mine. , 1.700,000, have lately been org.., of that country. T ized in Indiana. 1 ho charters of ten or the i Safety Banks of New York, with an aggre A Mammoth Piu. Noble Thoinas.ofLodi, gate eapitsl of $6,851,233, will expire to-day, on vveuncsuay iust Kiiicua pig less man ten monins oiu, wnicn weignoa, ten noun alter oemg aTsseu, oua ids. The Wheeling Gazette says the cars i ... . . . i j .. id now rrguiuny arriving si anu ueparung from that rii v.r th R.lLimnr.i and ni.in Railroad. T o ft I ' I! I; 1 r.viLS or o.ilOKlno. c na.nii niouieai practitioner at Brighton, England, has late-; ,""' ' ly given a list or sixteen cases or paralysis,' Railroad Fare Reduced. The Penn produced bv smoking, which came under ylvania Conal Commissioners have reduc his own knowledge, within the last .jx ' ed the fare on the Philadelphia and Colum moiiths. i hia railroad to 8J centa per mile. The faro i on the Pennsylvania railroad Irom Harris Berths in Railroad Cam The Syra illlr Piu.i,,., u .. -w,,i ,h, cuse Star understands that the dirictor of Ihe Syracuse and Binghamton Raliroad contemplate putting berths in their night cars, which, il says, can readily be done if the tix root guage ia adopted. , 'A well-informed- Washington ' corres pondent assures us that' Mr. Hunter will certainly take the State Department, all rumor to Iho contrary notwithstanding. We are convinced that such Is the case. N. Y.Tribun.. QiTA young Indy a sensible girl gives the following catalogue of different kinde of love: "The sweetest a mother's love; the longest a brother's Iqve; the strongest a woman's love; the dee.res.--a man's love; and the iweeteat, lopgest. strongest, dearest leve a tovtvof, i ..boetyj-' ; k . TsM4ay EvcatiMff. -f-a-e. 11. 18 Locofoco State Coa vitio. It appear that the fighting was performed prior to the eneraj meeting. An account of the betw Hlon coun gales will be found in to-day's poper. Oc casionally a rich scene waa played to order in the Conventional s general thing.the ions were voted down. We have not yet received a copy of the resolutions adopt ed, but two of them will strike the people of Ohio with ome surprise. One endorsing the Sub Treasury and recommending its a doplion in Ohio, will.il carried out, require all taxes and other dues to tbe State, to be paid in gold and silver. The other repu i ate the Baltimore platform, or rather the Convention efused to endorse it. . It has accomplished its purpose, and the Locofocos of this State have no idea of driving off their free-soil allies by affirming its . pro-slavery features. Another resolution was adopted unanimously, that the Treasurer of State and Treasurers of Counties refuse to take e notes or Banks which refuse to pay their taxes. In other words, those institutions which are inclined to appeal to the judiciary to contest their rights, are to be proscribed for asserting them. We are glad to see the Convention planting itself upon the exclu aive hard-money platform, as they have hitherto dodired the issue, and now "Bank Locofocoa" must Tace the music. We annex below the ballot by which each candidate was nominated: for Governor m ballot, Medil 171 Manypenny 148, McDowell 15. Col. Me dill had three more than was necersary to a hoice . For Lieut. Governor Third ballot, Bliss 193, Johnson 65, Rice 33, Chase 40, Morris 14. On the previous ballots, several otfier persons were voted (or.,. For Supreme JutlgeT. W.. Hartley was nominated by acclamation. . For T-irer -First ballotvBreslin 181, Knapp 116, Morris 37. For Secretary of State. First ballot, Treyitt 377, Dennis 36, Disl 31. For Member of the Board of PuMic Worh Second ballot, Griswold 180, Nugent 75 1 Hawkins 5, McKinncy 24, Bycrs. 33, Ran. dolphSO. On the previous ballot, eleven candidates were voted for. For Attorney General First ballot,. Mc- Cook 170, Andrew 15, Parker 9, Vance 22, Morris 16, 1 owe 23, Cox 22,0'N.e'iJ t, Cra- dlebuugh 50. C.L. Vallundigham, of Dayton, noted as President. The Convention was in session only one day, and adjourned with three cheers for the ticket. Judges Whitman and Palmer, or the Common Pleas, were delegates. , Hon. J. M. Clavton. In defining their position in the Senate, a few days since, several members took occasion to state that they were cheated into voting for the Clay ton nr.d Bulwer treaty, not understanding it, (a fine acknowledgment for such men as Cuss and D iwiis,) whereupon Mr. Clayton ( ublisheft a letter in Iho Intelligencer, enclos ing a correspondence with Scnntor King, duted July 4th, 1810, in which, in reply to a question as tu the understanding the Senate had of the treaty, Mr. King says the Senate perfectly understood Ihat the treuty did not include British llunduras, but you should be careful not to imc any expression that would seem to recognize tho right of Enghnd l spy portion of Honduras Mr. Clayton complains of the violent at- taek on him in the Senate, and says he re called Christopher Hempstead,, (appointed by Polk as Consul to the Central American States) iu order to prevent the possibility of any charge against Gen. Taylor's Adminis tration of having recognized English author ity in British Honduras. He also furnishes an extract of a letter lo Bulwer, in which he distinctly dmiies a recognition or the British title, but without affirming or denying, leaves it an open question, as he round it, and aa the treaty leave it. Locoroco Currency Thompson's Re porter gives the following statement of the shin-plaster currency, which now fills the shambles of circulation in the West, in the place of the regular Bonk paper: Page & Bacon, St. Louis, ' i Geo. Smith, Ltifs & Simonds St. Loui., Clark U Co., St. Louis &. Burling ton, Iowa, Curch & Co., Chicago, Bradly.Curtissltfc Co., Chicago, All others, 1,200,000 1,500,000 400,000 600,000 100,000 60,000 150.000 Total, $4,000,000 B. 4i O. Railroad. -The celebration or the formal opening of. the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to Wheoling, takes place to I dnv and to-morrow, at the latter place. The Bankiru Affairs Fifteen banks, under . but H is said they will continue their issues under the general law. The L. , , , ills of the i farmer.' Bans, unondagn county, and Mcr --" M7"7.8' I are not received at thn Iliatmniilitan Runlr . - ---- . - 1 -i 'n New 1 ork city, and the consequence isj .i . t . j; . i incy are ai a neovy aiscouni. il is supposed the final loss to bill holder, will be 40 ner rent rate a short lime since; and it only wants the concurrence of the Harrisbtirg and Lan caster railroad company to the same reduc tion, to make the low rate of 2 cents per mile uniform through the whole longthiofthe State. Heavy Taxation. The expenditure of the city or New York Tor the next fiscal year i estimated at four million of dollar. This. Uexclusivo or the tax for the support of-tbState and Federal Goverumonta. The population ot the city is tvo hundred thousand, and the ratio of Increase twenty percent perannurn. t '. . . . ... ' S3A4ew pound, short of three' ton of vwriotu descriptions or game. wss,. amppea eastward from,Chicgoon a, single day last wet';,.' ' -.. :. n V... t itT. We find In our northern eichange the following additional particular of the unfortunate rsilroad accident, by which son of the president elect w killed: , ' J rnmrard. Jm. 7. The train in which the accident occurred yesterday, consisted of only one passenger ear, which contained a- oou 70 persons, inr.iuuing meoi woiiiBu children. Alter the accident. Gen. Pierce comp.ain- ed of a pain in his back from the bruises he had received. Hie wile, it is learea, is mor seriously injured. When the crushed body of her eon wu placed before her, her ago nieswere or the most rrantic description. She attempted Immediately alter the acci dent to seize the body, but was prevented by a passenirer. . - . Pror. Packard, a relative ol uen. fierce, in company with his wife and son, were also in the car", and the- whole party occupied seats in the forward part of the car. : The car waa broken in the middle, and the passengers were all. thrown in a heap, one over the other. Mr. Pierce's aon lay upon tbe floor with his skull fractured. Hi cap which he wore, had f illen off, k waa filled with his blood and brains. , Geo. Pierce acted with wonderful cool ness, notwithstanding tho heart-rending spectacle, while his wife was almost fran tic. Those who were present at the scene, say that tbe escape or the President elect and many of the passengers from instant death, was truly miraculous. Boston, Jan. 7. The down train which arrived lust evening brought eight of the wounded passengers. Among them is Mr. Peck of this city. Mr. Newhall, or West Cambridge, is injured internally. , Mr. Baily Lawrence has one Leg broken. Mr. Pierce's wouuds are not now consid ered dangerous. A messenger who. has arrived at the Jour nal office this morning from Andover.reports the lady of Gi'Q. Pierce much more resigned to the sad calamity, and the fears which ex isted that she might not be able lo bear up under it, are now removed. The blow bv which her son was killed struck his forehead, and was so violent as to remove the upper part of his head, leaving a portion of the brain exposcu. i ne lace, with the exception of a spot near the right eye, is injured. Gencrl Pierce was quite comfortable when ourimormani leiv, Railroads in the Union. The following statements we gather from tho forthcoming January copy of the American Railway Guide: On the first of January, 1853, (this day,) there are in the United States, 13,237 miles of completed railroad, 12,028 miles of railroad in various stages of progress, and about 7,- 000 in the hands or the engineers, which will be built within the next three or four years making a total oi 33,135 miles ol rail road, which will soon traverse the country, and which, at an average cost ol $30,000 (a well ascertained average) for each mileor road, including equipments, etc., will have consumed a capital amounting to $994,650, 000, as follows: 13,227 miles completed $396,810,000 12,928 miles in progress 387,840,000 7,001 miles under survey 210,000,000 33,165 Total $994,65O,0 Or in round numbers $1,000,000,000 one billion of dollars; a sum which, at 6 per cent., would yield $60,000,000 annually, or more than sufficient to cover all the expen ses of the United Stuea Government and of the Governments of everv State composing the United Stalen! if athninUtervd with re publican economy. TiiESroiLS. Office seeking seems to hove become a regular business with the Democra cy since the election of Mr.Pieree. Now that theyaro to have the distribution of the plunder so snugly in the family, of course everyone expect something from the honors nnd emoluments of a Cabinet member down lo those of a village Postmaster, and thankful ! for small favors. As tho 4th of March ap- proacnes, ineir npneiiics ifi'i Keener aim more voracious for the crumbs from Uncle Sum's bounteous table. ' It is estimated by a Democratic papor, that there aro not less than 500,000 seeking office from the new administration at this time, and tiiat Wash ington city literally swarms with the hungry applicants. Whal a patriotic country, this of ours or rather what an abundant supply or patriots Democracy can boast of patriots animated by the laudable desire to serve their country , for a handsome consideration, .the way of Treasury pap.. The public's crib is the centre of all altractioniwith our Locofo co friends, and the Great- Dispenser of pat ronage therefrom the- adored object around whom they eagerly -flick and suppliantly bow, that "thrift may fullow fowning." "Where the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered togetber.'V-Richmond Whig. Expedition and Cheap Fair. These are desirables in thisgo-ahond day and genera tion, and we see by the Railroad Journal that through- travellers will get both the present season between New York and Cincinnati by the Sandusky route if by no other. Phsseirgers will leave New York and Cincinnati, respectively, in the morning, wili reach Buffalo and Sandusky the same evening, and pass the night on the lake. The trip, it is calculated, will be made upon the average In 35 hours. The distance, which is about 890 miles, is to be travelled for Teh Dollars, or, a trifle more than one cent per mile for the whole distance. Mr. Cist, ol Cincinnati, ho figured eut in his Advertiser how railroad fares ran in time be cheapened down to $5 between Cincin nati and New York, and still leave a safe margin of profit to the Roads, and the fair now announced is a pretty lung stride to wards his low figure.. It is a niove in the right direction. Cleve. Jer Advance in Stoves. We notice by a circular from one of the most extensive Stove Manufacturers in the State at Alba ny.that it has been decided to advance ' the price of the various kinds of stove. 25 to 30 per cent. Utica OI. I Tho advance indicated by . this circular .. I i . r . . r u, i waa agrreu upon ut uuuvcshuii ui ovut i i,r...? c' -ii -r .k. a... i'taiui-tiiili oi iiuiii oil vi mp ui.,.. Self-preservation required it; for the price of iron has advanced nearly thirty percent ' J. JL. r within the last twelve months. The manu istiurcri uiu HUl trui ki iiuciij w re ........... J : 1 .... I I -. l:ka ... .H,ini4 . , , . , . ..,:i ,ho ,r I u.Pon ne r. lt.P" pr ?e,,'Un i !Ve.V closed, although thev would have been justi Bed in doing so. The prices now agreed upon, notwithstanding the large advance, will aflort us greater profit thau the price of last year. Albany Journal. First Cotton from the United States. Mr. Robert Owen, the celebrated Philan thropist or England, manufactured the first two bales of American cotton imported into Great Britain. The bales were accompani ed by a statement of the mode of cultivation, and exprcasing the opinion, that the State from which it ane Georgia, we believe would produee two hundred bales the follow ing year. We now send about a million and a half of balea-to England, annually. In 1786, Mr. Madison, writing to his friends, said, "There is no reason to doubt that the United Statea will one dav become a great cotton growing country." Six years after that in 1792 the Union produced 138,228 pounds in one year; in 1795, Jhe crop was 6,276,300 pounds; and in 1842 it was 783, 221,800, pounds! I. ; . . , . . ,. ' fj-The value or land in the centra of the city of Lqpdoa, i40P,000 per cre., z TACClVHTuH.riciaH TI ' AnTllLlA. The Anatra, Jian news become more and more aalonl.h n ,ew aays later advice have bees A few da thsT-im ,ppe, ,h-- ourin th. .m,. -tetnma are also given of the amount aeot down b ...- ... Alexander and B.l.r,? L "l .l , ' ' of Victoria, tu ths .I!Lm h eolon- Bui, wiin n muw ene steady f .u vield. It I. believed that the pe of ht Victoria mine, alone, for th ZiZ.:. 1 . cannot have been less than 9,500,000 oun! ees. worth 10,000.000 sterling. The S from the gold fields in New South Wales brought down to Sidney, remains to be add' ed, and the recent discovery ol an extensive tract in South Australia will likewise have to be taken into account. : In .ark r ik. thres colonies there ia enough, It is believed. iu rvwaru an me population (Hal can DOS" in forten yeara. The New South Waleeor Sidney mines have been in a great RMasare neglected, on sceount of the scarcity of hands, but they are believed to ba al most interminable in extent, and in some- parts nearly a rich as Mount Alexander im Victoria. - One large tractor 313,000 acres belongs to the Australian Agricnltural Company,, founded in London about twentyeight years ago, and during the present week they have receivod advices that the whole of seems to be richly impregnated with gold,, and that it is impossible to estimate' it wealth.' It abounds likewiae with' quartz; , and some pieces actually picked, frem 'the surface by the Government Commiasioner, and subsequently tested at Sidney, were found to yield 8 pounds 4 onnces per ton, or; in sterling value 360 or 400. Fraudulent ana Counterfeit Bam; Notes. Almost daily Js developed Rome swindling transaction in the way of fraudu lent notes, which are gotten up r nAtm luted among na by irresponsible More than $20,000 of foreign J' V """"7 " uuo uanmn-j hou8ejn thi, cU while the amount in cifculotion which is not received is more thaj, len titne as treat l ae tact that notes of banks purporting to. be located at the East, are engraved here, signed here and. circulated her by paid a gents, shows ,n ?rt how this plethora of eastern m. jney happen, and calls for the in Yistigation of the police, and the caution of business men and the public generally. -This flood of bad money most cease, or the loss, and possibly the ruin or some or our business men will ensue. We are actually overwhelmed with spurious bills, and some thing must be done, and that speedily, to avert the evil.' In connection with this matter, we may say that the enormous quantity or base coin now in circulation, calls for some such pre caution as is employed in every country in Europe, by the use of iron penetrated with snts sufficient to take in any coin from 3; cents to a dollar. A slight twist reveals tho character of the coin; if base, it will easily oena it pure, it will resist any moderate attempt to twist it. -Cm. Gaz. ' Fjiaud Sold out, Ajc These terms have become very common since Saturday's developments. We learn that both Dial, of Springfield, and Knapp, of Ashland, feet ae if they had been made dupes of in a very un justifiable way. The Breslin men promised, it is said, to go tor Dial for Secretary of State, against Trevitt, and the Trevitt. men agreed to go Tor Knapp, for Treasurer, egainet Bres lin. On Saturday morning Breslin and Trevitt became alnr.ned, had a private meet ing, said there was no use In fighting each other, and thus both roll ot the stage. They then agreed to go for each other, and to in duce enough of their friends to do so, to se cure their nominations. So, Breslin was made Treasurer, and, in payment thereof,, the Breslin men went for 1 rcvitt as Secre tary of Stute. Dial and Knapp were vsed, and then told out, cheap. Such is the story of the duped. 1 1 is very pleasant. Journals A Man or Ekeruy. At tho Cambridge (Mass.) Cattle market, last week, Hut.? was a forcible illustration of the capability of man lo overcome physical disabilities. A' Vermonter, who from his. birth has been de prived of his lowcr'tintUs, oarae down with a. car load of cattle to sell. His appearance wa that of a tailor seated on his board. On the stopping of tho train, he lets himself, down frorni the car upon a small wagon;, brought for tfte purpose, and by the aid of a brother drover is drawn to the market. Hav ing disposed of his cattle and received tho money, he returns to the cars, and without' assistance by the strength or his arms, he draws himself into his seat and starts for home, .' The Baltimore Platform. It will as- . tonish the Pierce men at Washington, to learn that tho Ohio Democracy repudiate -and spit upon the Baltimore platform of Lo--cofocoism. When it was proposed to in--dorse it, the mollenriwoe laiivfo the table, and then after a debate, they deliberately. refused to take it np. One d6 legate from. Lorain county snid to us that it would lose.' them 400 votes in that county if they indor sed that fugitive slave law platform! He used his influence to keep it on the table, and there it leeps,a dishonored, repudiated, thing in Ohio. Journal. . .. ; , How to Keep Poor. Buy two' glosses of ale every day, at five cents each, amounting in one year to $36 60; smoke three cigars, one after each meal, counting up- In the course of the year to $54 75; keep a big dog,!, which will consume in a year at least $15 worth of provisions, and a cat, $5 more; Al together this amounts to the snug little sum of $1 10 25 sufficient to buy six barrel of flour, one hundred bushels of coal, one bar rel of sugar, one sack of coffee, a good coat, a respectable dress, besides a frock for the baby, and a half a dozen pairs of shoes more or less. Just think of it. Niagara Ship Canal. There is an en- terprise of unsurpassed importance to be ac complished at no distant day; we mean a Ship Canal around Niagara Falls, on the American side. Such work would open uninterrupted lake navigation from Ogdens-- '. burgh to Chicago, and to the upper end of -Lake Superior; fur our readers will recollect that a company has already been formed, with liberal aid in the way of wild lands fron.4 the General Government, to construct Ship Canal around the Fall of St. Mary, connecting Lake Huron and Superior., ;v- Heavy Tax-Payers. Quite a number of the tax-payers in Cincinnati, run in4otfc--thoussond, Mr. Nicholas Longworth as high' as $19,177. He must feel poor about the -time the tax-gatherer comes round.. ' His 1 taxes probably exceed those of any other-1' individual in the State. John Riddle, Sen.7 pays the next highest in Cincinnati, $5,446..--Tho Cincinnati and Dayton Railroad $5,161; ' and the little Miami $4,493. Eleven Jpay " over $3,009; twenty-six over $2,000; eighty- one $1,000, and two hundred and fifty-four -$500 or over.' The venerable Jacob Burnet ' pays $2,847, and the Burnet House $3,150, - Reconnoisarcbi or Salt River. One of our fellow-citizena returned to Zanesville on Friday last.from a reconolsanee or several weeks up Salt River. He reports the soil productive climate good game abundant, especially deer. He says the land has not been very well tilled for the last four yesrs. the inhabitants having devoted more time to politiee than agriculture. Property Is ' sing In value, caused by the Improvement Jtw the character of the population within into, last, few months. 2,qjies,, . CoMritrfi '