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The weekly Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1852-1855, January 13, 1853, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078726/1853-01-13/ed-1/seq-2/

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CITY OF LANCASTER:
Monday veuiur. Jaw. 10,
Lacoroca State CosvtBTios. We'have
not yet received any um-.ial intelligence oi
the dotug of tlii body on Saturday last. j Croton MilU per mouth. Its peculiar prop
Col. Medill, we underataml, was nominated rlic are imparted by incorporating with
on the first ballot"." Mr. 'Bliss." 'of AMen.Mhe flour, during its manufacture, supercar
,. ... i, bonate of soda and tartaric acid, lit suitable
was nominated for l,ut, Governor. Mr. 100,000 lbs. of
Breha,of Seneca, was nominated for Trees- . f .nJ 7U .000 of tll. Utter, have
irer; Dr.Trevitt, of Franklin, fur Serretary been imported during! he last six months, to j"' 1 .
or Stale; Dr. Griswold, of Pickaway, for be ued in the preparation of the self-raining The a vera" length of each of 34 vova
, Member of the Board of Public Works; Mr flour. By the new process, the usual way J ,.ea frum New York to Liverpool of the Cu-
-f k. I.,!... Lu.J Ku il .4 A. A noil. r . .a J Ct 1. I ST. nt
McCook, of Jelleraou, for Attorney uenerat; ,
and Mr. Bart'ey ol Richland, for ?o,reme
Judge, ;
" The opponents of 3Ir. Medill were CoJ
Jlanypenny and Mr. McD.iwell. . The pe
culiar character of the nomination aoenis to
preclude the idea that any one faction wo
triumphant. It. was generally understood
that Col. Manypeuny. wu Medary1 favorite,
and be was consequently foiled In his effort
to control the nomination for Governor,
while the nomination of Mr. Brcslin for a re
-election isofcuuro, a Medary triumph.
From the fact that the nominations were
made, on Saturday, weiupposethe Conven
tion wti more harmonious than it waa gen
erally supposed it would be, the contest hav
ing been waged in county Conventions and
not transferred to the goneral meeting.
' Our information ta derived from individu
als. We may have more definite accounts
before we go tu press. It is pretty certain,
bowover, that what is called the Miami tribe
has not been successful iu controlling the
nominations of the Convention, and it is
quite probable that their defeat is an indica
tion that Col. Medary will not obtain a seat
'n the New Cabinet. In the nomination
for Governor at least, Col. Allen it triumph
ant.
Railroad lnoCompamliv McriU of
English and American. From a well authen
ticated statement it appears that American
railroad iron, manufactured from American
pig, is in quality superior by almost 3 to I,
to the imported article. The following is
the test furnished by the engineers of the
Reading Railroad a route better calculated
than any other in the United States to try
the qualities of iron rails:
Annual ware of Eng. iron, 4 1-10 per cent.
" " A merit an do 1 4-10 "
Difference in favor of Araer. 2 7-10
On lines principally for the conveyance
of passengers, the wear is not so great, con
sequently the difference in favor of Ameri
can Iron is tens; but the average disparity is
s about 2 to 1 in the wear, being the difference
4ii cost Tor repairs. The Lawinoor iron,
. which stand highest in the estimation ofour
railroad managers, is far inferior In tenacity
. to ordinary American iron In use.
iMMioauiiT The total number of arri
vals at the port or New York alono from
foreign countries, for the year 1833, adds up
. 303,558, of which it is ascertained that 39,
053 have been American citizens returning
home from travel abroad, leaving the num
ber of forcignors, 334,504. For four years
p-t, the total number is stated as follows:
1340, 330,008; 1850,313,890; 1801, 339,901;
1823, 306,501. Of the much the largest
numbers came from Ireland and Germany.
We annex a comparative table of these two
classes.
' Natirm. 1849 1850. 1851 1863
Ireland, 113,687 116,543 103,350 117,637
Germany, 65,706 45,407 69,883 118,136
. The next largest number comes from Eng
land and the remainder is tnado up from 36
different nations. It will bo noticed that the
German Immigration has greatly increased,
outnumbering that from Ireland the past
juiAiku. timer account iroin Mexico
state that 'the revolution was still raging
and that a ministerial crisis had taken place
.On the 4lh of December, an earthquake was
felt at Mexico, Puebla and Jalapa, but no
damage was experienced. San Louis Po
tost paper contain an advertisement of
Henry May, offering a reward of $500 to
any one that will give exact information as
to Iho whereabouts of the silver mine pre.
tended to be owned by Dr. Gardiner, and
9500 more to any one that will show in the
same district the quick silver mine pretend
ed to be owned by Dr. Mcars.
"InrEKHAl. MACHIRE."-The Toledo j&VurfV
claims the honor of the infernal machine
sent to Gen. Pierce. In copying the article
from the Concord Democrat, it ssy that "the
infernal mtchino' we believe, was sent to
Gen. Pierce by our fcllow-cltixen, John B.
Murphy, Eiq . and contained the finest
haunches of venison, and fattest duck to be
found In thi portion ef the Weil, Cincin
nati doe not afford an article in either line
equal to those of thw Maumce. 'Honor to
whom honor Is due.' "
Mabtland. The finances of Maryland
are In a prosperous condition. The Gover
nor states, in his message, that the surplus of
the year Is 9643,000, after paying 9677 ,ooo
for tho current interest on the public debt.
RcrusAt, or Billy Bowleg to Leave
Florida. -It la said that private letter re
ceived in Washington from Florida, slsle
that Billy Bowlegs.and the rest of the Sem
inole chiefs, had refused to ratify the treaty
made with Gen. Blake, and that Billy and
hit followers, after gathering all the arms
they could, hsd fled. General Blake had
proceeded to the Florida Legislature, and
asked, for the Immediate raising of a large
npmber of volunteers to compel the Sent
inoles to leave. It appears when Billy got
back, and informed his people thst he had
signed a treaty, agreeing to leave Florida,
they at once refused to ratify it. and, as a
means nr reducing Billy to obedienoe, took
his wives away from bim, and threatened to
place another man at the head of their af
fair. Billy stood to his word for about four
weeks.whan he gave In, end told Gen. Blske
that be could not help It, and fled. The War
, Department has not yet received officisl
notice of the matter, but will, it is suppusrd,
a soon as it Is received, order all the avail
able troops to theseene of difficulty.
OrThe construction oftheCrystsI Pal
see, in New York, is prosecuted with ener
gy, and lU completion Is sssured In season
for the opening of the exhibition on the 3d
of May next. Meantime, arrangements are
in progress to secure brilliant representation
9f thecholcest production of the world'e In
auftrj'in beth hemlapheret. '
m . I
,uuiwiwi""' i
w . k: l.r.l if nf aa.
WOmea PV moi. -j -. .. .. ,
! body else. LThe Croton F.our is bound to
riss, Saye tbe Journal:
I Patent Self Raising Flour an aiticle
entering into ery general consumption,
. - , w b munufmeWe4 at the
V" VV. r .. , ' ,
"" . "
deterioration of the valuable qualities of the
flour, and a, lo equal lu IK per cent, in
weight, compared with hre.l raiard witliout
Something New Under te see. Mere,
par.grapb from the N. Y. Journal of
ihit will armt the attention of
yeast.) i avoided. I no proprietor 0",,,:iuiei
Crolon Mills, are preparing to give a coll
tion at their establishment, during the next
week, for the benefit of housekeeper, at
which thoy propose to se. ve up bresd, bis
cuit,4.c. from the self-raising flour, produ
ced within forty-fire minutes from the dry
tloor.
The Croton Mills drive fifteen run o
stone, day and night, employ 60 men. ano
consume annually about 600,000 buhels
or wheat, besides oats and corn in iarBc
quantities. In preparing the vsrious arti
cles manufactured, flour.inrina &.C., for mar
ket, 460,000 yards of muslin and coarse bug
ging are coni-umed, and 1,500 reams of pa
per. The machinery is driven by an oscil
liinc eniriiie. the motive power being furn
ished by two of Montgomery's Patent Tubu
lar Boilers; and from the exhausted steam,
all parts of the establishment are abundantly
heated. It is believed that the quantity of
flour annuity manufactured, amounting to
100,000 barrels, exceeds the product of any
other flouriug mill iu the country.
Depreciation or Gold. The following
remarks are made by Mr. Thomas Hankcy
Jr., Governor of Iho Bank or England, in a
short preface which he ha written to the
English translation of M. Leon Fauche'
work on the "Production of the Precious
Metal:"
"1 can hardly agree that there is no little
ground for alarm as to a depreciation in the
value of gold in consequence of the late dis
coveries. The effects of tho production In
Australia can hardly he felt at present, con
identic that the export of English gold coin
has been, up to this dale, I think, equal to
the amount of gold we have received thence;
but when the sovereigns lately shipped are
found to be in excess of the wants of com
munity in Australia, and are re-shipped to
this country, together with the produce of
the gold workings, between this and next
summer. I cannot but believe that the up
ply in the market or the world will bo found
iu excess of the demand, and mat ultimately
a considerable and z noral alteration in
prices will ensue."
Natuleon' SrecctATioHS. LouU Na
poleon, it seom, has been playing a ux
ceful game for wealth as well as power.
According to a paragraph in the Boston
Post:
Since the coup d' eCat the French railway
shores have advanced almost filty per cent
while the Paris bourse has been animated
with unwonted speculation. There wus
something unnatural In all this, and people
are beginning to nnd it out. I,ouis Niipni
eon, it Is said, did it all and for his own
benefit, politically and pecuniarily. It gave
a certain eclat to hi administration, and it
filled his purse. When share, &.C., were
low, he purchased largely, and then pit tren
ded the line tney appertained to. His a
gents filled London and Pari, and his gains
are set down by sbrewd and able speculators
at 10,000,000. With 16,000,000 in his
ovtrrchost, what may he not dare! But
former defeats have taught him caution; he
is not ready, and can wait. The despots of
Europe wait upon him, court hi in and dread
hitn.
A Good Ohe. The Buffalo Commercial
s responsible for the following:
We loam from Waihington that tho
whig there are having a hearty laugh over
the discomfiture of tho unlortunalo office
beggars or the federal city. .The story is,
that the hungry crew who have undertaken
to monopolize the patronage of the District
recently sent a letter to Gen. Pierce con
taining a long list of unworthy office-holders
whom they expected him to remove the mo
ment he got fuirly scaled in the Presidential
( hair. Tho doomed Incumbents were
charged with innumerably delinquencies,
and it waa alleged that the public interest
was in great jeopardy from their bad pro
pensities. Pierce is said to have replied,
that if the caso waa as bad as they had rep
resented, they had bettor apply to Mr. Fill
more, who had the power to gratify them at
once.
Crime and DissirATioN in Loudon. We
find in the National Temperance Chronicle
the following statistics of vice in London,
and add in a second column an estimate for
New York city:
London, y. York.
, 16,000 3.000
, 6,000 1 ,000
15,000 3,000
35,000 3,1100
30,000 10,000
180,000 80,000
150,000 60,000
60,000 6,000
471,000 153,000
Receivers of stolon goods,
Gamblers by profession
Beggurs,
Drunkards,
Habitual Drinkers,
Persons subsisting on prof
mracy,
Thieves,
Total,
Thk Case or the General Armstrong.
By the late newe from Europe, Information
ha boon received ol the rendition or an a
ward by Louis Napoleon.iu tho matter or the
celebrated claim made by our government a-
gamai that ol Portugal, lor Jiidcuiinncatiun
ior tne loas or the Americas privateer Gen
eral Armstrong, in 1815, and which award
has bttn adverse to the claim, and in favor of
Portugal. The General Armstrong belong
ed to Captain Rid,or New York, who claim
ed an indemnity or 9100.000, and in 1849
the Secretary of State, Mr. Llayto n, and
tho Portuguese Miuiater, agreed, on bebair
or their respective governments, to submit
the whole matter to th arbitration or Louis
Napoleon, then the President of France.
That personage has since then been mode
one r the reigning monarch. uf Europe, and
hi decision, aa dated above, iaginst the
United States.
-
Penrstlvaxia Coal Tsaoe The Putts
villo Journal says the increased sunnlv I....
all the Anthracite region in 1853 will noil
vary much from 645,000 tons, making ths
whole supply for the year 4,925.00" tune, a
little abort or five millions. The average
value of this coa! ut the seaboard will ex
ceed twenty millions or dollars. . The in
creased supply i r coal thst will be required
from this region in 1853 will be a, most 400,
000 tons. This quantity will be about equal
ly divided between the railroad and the ca
nal, as each company is nuking arrange
mnnts tn4unrease its facility for transporta
tion at least 300,000 ton. The roal ope
rator have called meeting to lake into
consideration the propriety of Increasing
tbe price of atove coal.
OCrUSE I HOWE'S COUGH CANDY., '
Wt 3 - TLa W
Cnniril I Juki, diirin thn nut vear. teco
T -
line nobly sustained ita reputation of regu
jkrity, and the difference between the two
may be counted In hour. The Courier
ay a:
The average length of each of 33 vcya-
ges from New York to Jjverpooi ol we
Collins ship. wa 10 days, 19 hours end 14
minute.
I The average lenffih or each ol 34 voyeges
from Liverpool to New York of the Collins
I .n J.. ih mun anu mJ nim-
I"1 "'V -"
minutes.
! Ue average length of each of 35 voyages
j frou) y ,erpUO to New York of the Cunard
iahj WMa 12 days, 11 hour and 36 min-
The shortest passage was made by the
Arctic, in February, when she went out to
Liverpool in 9 days, 17 hours and IQ min
utes. -The
longest pasbage wss made by the
Xiagaru, in the same month, when she put
into Halifax on her way to New York, mak
ing the voyage in 30 days, 16 hourj and isu
minutes.
The shortest passage by a Cunard ship
was the Asia's in August, when she reached
New York in 10 days, 4 hours and 63 min
utes. .
Tho longest pnssageby aCollins ahip waa
the Pacific's iu February, when she was 15
nays, 6 hours and 35 niiuutea in reaching
New York.
The Confidential Fund. A newspa
per rumor, that Senator Sonle entertains
the design of proposing to intrust 10,000,
000 dollars to the incoming Administration,
for the purpose of enabling it to meet any
exiraoniinarv exigencies that mitrht arise in
the foreign relations of tho country during
the recess ot Congress, has ueen me occa
sion of some malicious criticism with the
Whig press. A newspaper rumor is a very
frail basis for an assault upon an Adminis
tration before it exists. But though the ru
mor were true and we do not wish to be
understood as meaning to discredit it we
Imagine there is uothing in the proposed
measure to justify the censure of the Whig
press. The measure Is not wimout repeat
ed precedent; and surely if et any period it
wasneccssary and proper, it isucmanuea oj
the present crisis of doubt and difficulty in
the loreign relations of the country. It is
impossible to for see what momentous nation
al exigency m'y arise within the next
twelvemonth, so unsettled and threatening
ii the aspect or the political world. It can
not be contended that the country is unwill
ing! to intrust the disposition of such a sum
to tho discretion or Genoral Pierce, after
the extroordinary vote of confidence gi en him
by tho people on the second ot last November.-
Union.
Ten millions of cash, ready tu be delivered
over as a "Confidential Fund" to the Presi
dent, the Union thinks might be very proper.
A "Confidential Fund" in such cases, we
understsnd, means a fund to bo used at dis
cretion, without disclosing how it is used, or
being expected to make explanations or
show vouchers. The public may be excused
for a little curiosity at least, tu see how this
manoeuvre will turn out. A smart little sum
is ten millions of dollars! Journal.
Wool in the United States. The Econ
omist says: "By recent scientific research
es on the part or Peter A. Brown, Esq., or
Pcnncylvania, it has been cstablihcd thRt
the United States can outrival the world in
wool as in cotton. - Thus Spanish sheep,
vieldin? naturally wool 3000 to the inch,
carried to England, degenerated to 900 to
the inoJi, and brought to tle United States
recovered to 3,100, or finer thnn the original.
The Tuct being onco established that our
climate and soil produce finer wool than oth
er countries, will give" to our manufactures
inevitably the superiority jn cloths, if the
manufacturer is allied in u'e interest to tne
grower.'' '
The Eighth or Jaruart. The anniver
sary ol the astembling of the Oh.' Deinor
rncy has ngain arrived. Delegated are in
attendance Irom every county of the SiMe.
The war among the factions has been so
fierce and sanguinary that each party has
looked well to the Provinces for help. For
some days past the American has been a
perfect hive, and the different candidates and
their friends have had a great time in elec
tioneeriug the country boys as they arrive.
Oysters, eh mpagne, pale brandy, and oth
er pertvaiivrt, have been in great demand.
There I no exact record or the number or
buttons pulled off, and coat tails cur-tsiled,
but report says it is beyond all former prece
dent. Jour.
Louie Napoleon. "Louis Bonaparte,"
says Victor Hugo," "is a man or middle
height, cold, pale, slow in his movements,
! having the air or a person not quito awake.
He has published, as we mentioned before,
a tolerable treatise on artillery ,and is thought
tu be acquainted with the iiiano;uvoring or
cannon. He is a good horseman. He
speaks drawingly, with a slight German ac
cent. His histrionic abilities wero display
ed at the Egglington tournament. He has
a t'lick moustache, covering his smile, like
that of the Duke d'Artois, snd a dull rye,
like that of Charles IX."
Revision or the Constitution or Mass
achusetts. Gov. Bnutwell has issued a
proclamation announcing the vote or the
people on calling a convention for a revis
ion of the constitution to be 125,537 in
favor, 66,416; against il, 69,111; and calls
upun the several cities and towns to assem
ble on the first Monday of March next to
thuoac delegates to said convention, equal
to tho present number of representatives
from said cities and towns, to assemble in
the Stale House on the first Wednesday in
May, 1853, to act on the expediency of a
mending the constitution.
Militant Defence or New York. Ad
ding to the enrolled volunteer companies
the target oooipanie, not enrolled, but ready
to be so st any call ol duty, tho citizens sol
diery in the city of New York aro aaid to a-
mount In ttrty thousatid men, having com
mand of one hundred and sixty-one pieces
of artillery. This a feature of which Goth,
am may welt be proud, and in this, at least,
she is the Empire city. Fifty thousand
disciplined volunteers, capable of boing put
under arm at lew boura' notice, constitute
powerful garrison. :
GOAmiu the firing or cannon and the ex
ultation or the people, the. ground was bro
keurastof Somerset on the 1st iust., for
the Scioto and Hocking Valley Railroad. --
biierman & V". are tho contractor tor
building the eutiro road, except 34 miles
awarded to Henry Dittoe. Esq
The entire amount , of stock allotted to
Perry county ha been taken.
So My the Somerset JVf Courier. .
A Mormon Orqaii, called the. Seer, h
been started i.i Washington city, by Orson
Pratt, one of the Latter Day SainU. It is
in favor of polygamy, and attempts to justify
the practice by Scripture. The power of
Congress or of any Slate to prohibit it Is de
oied. The statement that polygamy ie al
lowed and practiced la the Mormon commu
nity seem to be well established from their
own organs. Anything more socially cor
rupting or denjorauzingeartnat be conceiv
ed. ,
AM UfWWl o'"" -
Y. Courier puMUhw UbU exhibiting the
lens - lb. of each vovaire of the Collins and
The First Guard Fight or the Ca-
fami. The different faction of the Hamil
ton county delegation to the 8lh of January
Convention had a jrrsnd Sent at me Niei
House, about midnight, on Fndsy evening
lU , It .. the firat of the Campaign, and ,
nuiNrwM v n m rini f n rain wihii. , i
The Cincinnati delegation is composed of
about 38 members. They are entitled to
ca.t 37 voles. At a preliminary meeting
of the delegation, it waa manifest that 'efCt
iiiuinsis were ill me iscenutin- -?uiiij un
puled cases arose, and every one was deci
ded, in t very summary way, against the
SatrimcJa, and in favor of the Miami's, with
uutstoppiug to look into thu right or justice
of the case. It waa then round that there
waa a vacancy in one'ot the townships.
The Sawbucks declared thst the person to
be appointed should be from the unrepresen
ted township. But this was disregarded,
and a Miami waa pushed in. 'The steam,
by this time, got high, and blew off loud.
The red-laced Jew, who flourished so large
ly, we there, as the special organ of the
SutchucXs. He denounced the whole pro
ceeding na corrupt. Reemelin, also a del
egate,remonstrated. To cap the climax, they
proposed that oie from the delegation
should be selected to cast the entire vote of
fie delegation, and that a majority of the
delegates should have!the power to instruct
how that vote should be cast. Tins was
adding insult to injury. It was annihila
ting the strength of theSawbucks at a blow.
It was not to be endured. Faran, oneof
the editor of the Enquirer, could not stand
this move, and took vigorous ground against
it. But the Miamis are strong in Hamilton
county, and in the State. They tried to
vote the proposition through, and prostrate
the Suwbucks, but fai'ed. Then came re
monstrances and denunciations. From
high words they soon came (o blows. A
rush was made upon the Sawbucks, and tbe
red-raced gentleman was soon mounted,
crushed, and terrible beaten. Faran was
attaeked.'and badly beaten. Reemelin was
seen making a straight shoot for the outside
door, and escaped without damage. It was
a row and fight worthy Capt. Rtkdeis, and
the Empire Club, in the palmy days of Tsm-
many Hall. Indeed, the Miami Tribe in the
West, and the Empire Club In the East, are
two great props or modern Locofocoisin.
But we digresf. When confusion was at
ita height, somebody alerted after the night
watch. The rioter swung their lists in per
rect phrenzy. The cool Democrats or other
counties stepped in and tried to pacify the
combutant. "Bollt" was remonstrated
with, and entreated to preserve the peace
as a row would disgrace the party as well
as the men engaged in it. He acceded to
everything that waa said, and avowed him
seir a peace man "as soon as he could
give Jim Faran a d d licking."
Saturdav.thc bruised and beatenSawbucks
were kept within doors. The fight was
victory to the Miamis, or a very decided
character. It bad all the ingredients ol the
ludicrous end Ihedisgraceml. It was a fair
exponent or Hamilton county Locofocoism.
A certain Judge Jacob linn was a promi
nent actor. Asa citizen or Columbus, we
respectfully suggest to these gentlemen the
propriety of doing np their fighting before
they leave home. We shall certuinly teel
it our duty to expose them, if they change
tbe venue ol thew operations from Ilaipil
ton to Franklin county. O. 8. Journal. '
The Caloric Ship. The N. Y. Courier
announces the return of the Caloric. Ship
irom ner engineer's trial trip down the Bay
Mhe periormed well, but in consequence o
soino of the valves or rivets not being per
lectiy sir tight, the lull power of the ma
chinery was not tested.
The Express says her consumption
of
cosl including her firing wp wus at the rate
of six tons in 24 hours, and that those moHt
interested wero perfectly satisfied with her
success.
'New NotimcLATURE ron Locomotives
It is hUted that a locoototrvc for the R' c'l
ester and Syracuse railroad has been adorn
ed with the title of inrription "Istilllive"
the U't words of Daniel Webster. ' A
correspondent suggests lb it tho New York
and Erio Railroad Company h ive one bear
ing the last words of John Quinry Adams
''This is the hint of curlh. "Dying speech
es seem singularly appropriate on New
York railroads.
Earthquaee in China. The Pekin Ga
zette, of August, reports that nn earthquake
hiiii taken place in the Province of KaUuch.
A thousand houses is said to be destroyed;
300 inhabitants killed und 400 injured. In
Manilla, also .hocks of an earthquake had
occurred. Man ptrsons and two churches
destroyed, and the pal.ice-ltouse and custom
house rendered uninhcbiwble.
Female Teleoraih Operators. We
see it staled in the papers that the following
ladies are telegraph operators: ' 51 is Susan
R. Sutherland, in Newark, N. Y.J Mi
Electa M. Sheldon, in Jackson, Michigan;
Miss Farnsworth, in Conneaut. Ohio; Mre
Fleming, in Newark, Ohio; Mis Wood, in
Albion,, Ohio and a young lady in Dover,
N. II.
Reasons why Coffee is not well made.
1st. The berries' are frequently too much
and rapidity roasted, their proper color be
ing that of cinnamon. 2d. The coffeo is
ground too fine. 3d. Nut enough coffee is
used. 4th. It is usually overboiled, by which
mean the bitter principle is extracted from
the berries, and litllnor no pains are taken
to clarify it. Canadian Agriculturist.
Sale op Slaver. We learn from ihn
Fredericksburg (Va.) Herald that the aluvos ' cars, however, have been running since the
belonging to the estate of the late John S. jlstinst.
Wellford, were sold on Thursday, and com- , T1 : -
manded very fair prices. Home ferry were! Ju,KiE DoUOtAS ha. been re-elected U.
old. Athletic men brought over $900; two ' 8- Senator from Illinois, for ix year from
families, a mother and six children, 2,600, the 4th of March next. The vote stood
and a mother and two children, $1,600. j Douglas 75; Gillespie, whig, 19; and Cull-
A Rush for Australia. From all parts of i freo eoller, , ' .
the world pcopleja r rushing to the gold mines '
or Australia. A late Buenos Ayres paper
states that three vessels are filling up' with n8. l 'JS T ' . , i "Krc8a,e C"P
passenger, at that port for the gold mine. , 1.700,000, have lately been org..,
of that country. T ized in Indiana. 1 ho charters of ten or the
i Safety Banks of New York, with an aggre
A Mammoth Piu. Noble Thoinas.ofLodi, gate eapitsl of $6,851,233, will expire to-day,
on vveuncsuay iust Kiiicua pig less man ten
monins oiu, wnicn weignoa, ten noun alter
oemg aTsseu, oua ids.
The Wheeling Gazette says the cars
i ... . . . i j ..
id now rrguiuny arriving si anu ueparung
from that rii v.r th R.lLimnr.i and ni.in
Railroad.
T o ft I ' I! I; 1
r.viLS or o.ilOKlno. c na.nii niouieai
practitioner at Brighton, England, has late-; ,""' '
ly given a list or sixteen cases or paralysis,' Railroad Fare Reduced. The Penn
produced bv smoking, which came under ylvania Conal Commissioners have reduc
his own knowledge, within the last .jx ' ed the fare on the Philadelphia and Colum
moiiths. i hia railroad to 8J centa per mile. The faro
i on the Pennsylvania railroad Irom Harris
Berths in Railroad Cam The Syra illlr Piu.i,,., u .. -w,,i ,h,
cuse Star understands that the dirictor of
Ihe Syracuse and Binghamton Raliroad
contemplate putting berths in their night
cars, which, il says, can readily be done if
the tix root guage ia adopted. ,
'A well-informed- Washington ' corres
pondent assures us that' Mr. Hunter will
certainly take the State Department, all
rumor to Iho contrary notwithstanding.
We are convinced that such Is the case.
N. Y.Tribun..
QiTA young Indy a sensible girl gives
the following catalogue of different kinde of
love: "The sweetest a mother's love; the
longest a brother's Iqve; the strongest a
woman's love; the dee.res.--a man's love;
and the iweeteat, lopgest. strongest, dearest
leve a tovtvof, i ..boetyj-' ; k .
TsM4ay EvcatiMff. -f-a-e. 11. 18
Locofoco State Coa vitio. It appear
that the fighting was performed prior to the
eneraj meeting. An account of the
betw Hlon coun
gales will be found in to-day's poper. Oc
casionally a rich scene waa played to order
in the Conventional s general thing.the
ions were voted down. We have not
yet received a copy of the resolutions adopt
ed, but two of them will strike the people of
Ohio with ome surprise. One endorsing
the Sub Treasury and recommending its a
doplion in Ohio, will.il carried out, require
all taxes and other dues to tbe State, to be
paid in gold and silver. The other repu i
ate the Baltimore platform, or rather the
Convention efused to endorse it. . It has
accomplished its purpose, and the Locofocos
of this State have no idea of driving off their
free-soil allies by affirming its . pro-slavery
features. Another resolution was adopted
unanimously, that the Treasurer of State
and Treasurers of Counties refuse to take
e notes or Banks which refuse to pay their
taxes. In other words, those institutions
which are inclined to appeal to the judiciary
to contest their rights, are to be proscribed
for asserting them. We are glad to see the
Convention planting itself upon the exclu
aive hard-money platform, as they have
hitherto dodired the issue, and now "Bank
Locofocoa" must Tace the music.
We annex below the ballot by which each
candidate was nominated:
for Governor m ballot, Medil 171
Manypenny 148, McDowell 15. Col. Me
dill had three more than was necersary to a
hoice
. For Lieut. Governor Third ballot, Bliss
193, Johnson 65, Rice 33, Chase 40, Morris
14. On the previous ballots, several otfier
persons were voted (or.,.
For Supreme JutlgeT. W.. Hartley was
nominated by acclamation. .
For T-irer -First ballotvBreslin 181,
Knapp 116, Morris 37.
For Secretary of State. First ballot, Treyitt
377, Dennis 36, Disl 31.
For Member of the Board of PuMic Worh
Second ballot, Griswold 180, Nugent 75 1
Hawkins 5, McKinncy 24, Bycrs. 33, Ran.
dolphSO. On the previous ballot, eleven
candidates were voted for.
For Attorney General First ballot,. Mc-
Cook 170, Andrew 15, Parker 9, Vance 22,
Morris 16, 1 owe 23, Cox 22,0'N.e'iJ t, Cra-
dlebuugh 50.
C.L. Vallundigham, of Dayton, noted as
President. The Convention was in session
only one day, and adjourned with three cheers
for the ticket. Judges Whitman and Palmer,
or the Common Pleas, were delegates. ,
Hon. J. M. Clavton. In defining their
position in the Senate, a few days since,
several members took occasion to state that
they were cheated into voting for the Clay
ton nr.d Bulwer treaty, not understanding
it, (a fine acknowledgment for such men as
Cuss and D iwiis,) whereupon Mr. Clayton
( ublisheft a letter in Iho Intelligencer, enclos
ing a correspondence with Scnntor King,
duted July 4th, 1810, in which, in reply to a
question as tu the understanding the Senate
had of the treaty, Mr. King says the Senate
perfectly understood Ihat the treuty did not
include British llunduras, but you should be
careful not to imc any expression that would
seem to recognize tho right of Enghnd l
spy portion of Honduras
Mr. Clayton complains of the violent at-
taek on him in the Senate, and says he re
called Christopher Hempstead,, (appointed
by Polk as Consul to the Central American
States) iu order to prevent the possibility of
any charge against Gen. Taylor's Adminis
tration of having recognized English author
ity in British Honduras. He also furnishes
an extract of a letter lo Bulwer, in which he
distinctly dmiies a recognition or the British
title, but without affirming or denying, leaves
it an open question, as he round it, and aa
the treaty leave it.
Locoroco Currency Thompson's Re
porter gives the following statement of the
shin-plaster currency, which now fills the
shambles of circulation in the West, in the
place of the regular Bonk paper:
Page & Bacon, St. Louis, ' i
Geo. Smith,
Ltifs & Simonds St. Loui.,
Clark U Co., St. Louis &. Burling
ton, Iowa,
Curch & Co., Chicago,
Bradly.Curtissltfc Co., Chicago,
All others,
1,200,000
1,500,000
400,000
600,000
100,000
60,000
150.000
Total,
$4,000,000
B. 4i O. Railroad. -The celebration or
the formal opening of. the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad to Wheoling, takes place to I
dnv and to-morrow, at the latter place. The
Bankiru Affairs Fifteen banks, under
. but H is said they will continue their issues
under the general law. The
L. , , ,
ills of the
i farmer.' Bans, unondagn county, and Mcr
--" M7"7.8'
I are not received at thn Iliatmniilitan Runlr
. - ---- . - 1 -i
'n New 1 ork city, and the consequence isj
.i . t . j; . i
incy are ai a neovy aiscouni. il is supposed
the final loss to bill holder, will be 40 ner
rent
rate a short lime since; and it only wants
the concurrence of the Harrisbtirg and Lan
caster railroad company to the same reduc
tion, to make the low rate of 2 cents per
mile uniform through the whole longthiofthe
State.
Heavy Taxation. The expenditure of
the city or New York Tor the next fiscal
year i estimated at four million of dollar.
This. Uexclusivo or the tax for the support
of-tbState and Federal Goverumonta.
The population ot the city is tvo hundred
thousand, and the ratio of Increase twenty
percent perannurn. t '. . . . ... '
S3A4ew pound, short of three' ton of
vwriotu descriptions or game. wss,. amppea
eastward from,Chicgoon a, single day last
wet';,.' ' -.. :.
n V... t
itT. We find In our northern eichange
the following additional particular of the
unfortunate rsilroad accident, by which
son of the president elect w killed: , ' J
rnmrard. Jm. 7. The train in which the
accident occurred yesterday, consisted of
only one passenger ear, which contained a-
oou 70 persons, inr.iuuing meoi woiiiBu
children.
Alter the accident. Gen. Pierce comp.ain-
ed of a pain in his back from the bruises he
had received. Hie wile, it is learea, is mor
seriously injured. When the crushed body
of her eon wu placed before her, her ago
nieswere or the most rrantic description.
She attempted Immediately alter the acci
dent to seize the body, but was prevented by
a passenirer. . - .
Pror. Packard, a relative ol uen. fierce,
in company with his wife and son, were also
in the car", and the- whole party occupied
seats in the forward part of the car.
: The car waa broken in the middle, and the
passengers were all. thrown in a heap, one
over the other.
Mr. Pierce's aon lay upon tbe floor with
his skull fractured. Hi cap which he wore,
had f illen off, k waa filled with his blood and
brains. ,
Geo. Pierce acted with wonderful cool
ness, notwithstanding tho heart-rending
spectacle, while his wife was almost fran
tic. Those who were present at the scene,
say that tbe escape or the President
elect and many of the passengers from
instant death, was truly miraculous.
Boston, Jan. 7. The down train which
arrived lust evening brought eight of the
wounded passengers. Among them is Mr.
Peck of this city. Mr. Newhall, or West
Cambridge, is injured internally. , Mr. Baily
Lawrence has one Leg broken.
Mr. Pierce's wouuds are not now consid
ered dangerous.
A messenger who. has arrived at the Jour
nal office this morning from Andover.reports
the lady of Gi'Q. Pierce much more resigned
to the sad calamity, and the fears which ex
isted that she might not be able lo bear up
under it, are now removed.
The blow bv which her son was killed
struck his forehead, and was so violent as to
remove the upper part of his head, leaving a
portion of the brain exposcu. i ne lace,
with the exception of a spot near the right
eye, is injured. Gencrl Pierce was quite
comfortable when ourimormani leiv,
Railroads in the Union. The following
statements we gather from tho forthcoming
January copy of the American Railway
Guide:
On the first of January, 1853, (this day,)
there are in the United States, 13,237 miles
of completed railroad, 12,028 miles of railroad
in various stages of progress, and about 7,-
000 in the hands or the engineers, which
will be built within the next three or four
years making a total oi 33,135 miles ol rail
road, which will soon traverse the country,
and which, at an average cost ol $30,000
(a well ascertained average) for each mileor
road, including equipments, etc., will have
consumed a capital amounting to $994,650,
000, as follows:
13,227 miles completed $396,810,000
12,928 miles in progress 387,840,000
7,001 miles under survey 210,000,000
33,165 Total $994,65O,0
Or in round numbers $1,000,000,000
one billion of dollars; a sum which, at 6 per
cent., would yield $60,000,000 annually, or
more than sufficient to cover all the expen
ses of the United Stuea Government and of
the Governments of everv State composing
the United Stalen! if athninUtervd with re
publican economy.
TiiESroiLS. Office seeking seems to hove
become a regular business with the Democra
cy since the election of Mr.Pieree. Now that
theyaro to have the distribution of the plunder
so snugly in the family, of course everyone
expect something from the honors nnd
emoluments of a Cabinet member down lo
those of a village Postmaster, and thankful
! for small favors. As tho 4th of March ap-
proacnes, ineir npneiiics ifi'i Keener aim
more voracious for the crumbs from Uncle
Sum's bounteous table. ' It is estimated by
a Democratic papor, that there aro not less
than 500,000 seeking office from the new
administration at this time, and tiiat Wash
ington city literally swarms with the hungry
applicants. Whal a patriotic country, this
of ours or rather what an abundant supply
or patriots Democracy can boast of patriots
animated by the laudable desire to serve their
country , for a handsome consideration, .the
way of Treasury pap.. The public's crib is
the centre of all altractioniwith our Locofo
co friends, and the Great- Dispenser of pat
ronage therefrom the- adored object around
whom they eagerly -flick and suppliantly
bow, that "thrift may fullow fowning."
"Where the carcass is, there will the
eagles be gathered togetber.'V-Richmond
Whig.
Expedition and Cheap Fair. These are
desirables in thisgo-ahond day and genera
tion, and we see by the Railroad Journal
that through- travellers will get both the
present season between New York and
Cincinnati by the Sandusky route if by no
other. Phsseirgers will leave New York
and Cincinnati, respectively, in the morning,
wili reach Buffalo and Sandusky the same
evening, and pass the night on the lake.
The trip, it is calculated, will be made upon
the average In 35 hours. The distance,
which is about 890 miles, is to be travelled
for Teh Dollars, or, a trifle more than one
cent per mile for the whole distance.
Mr. Cist, ol Cincinnati, ho figured eut in
his Advertiser how railroad fares ran in time
be cheapened down to $5 between Cincin
nati and New York, and still leave a safe
margin of profit to the Roads, and the fair
now announced is a pretty lung stride to
wards his low figure.. It is a niove in the
right direction. Cleve. Jer
Advance in Stoves. We notice by a
circular from one of the most extensive
Stove Manufacturers in the State at Alba
ny.that it has been decided to advance ' the
price of the various kinds of stove. 25 to 30
per cent. Utica OI.
I Tho advance indicated by . this circular
.. I i . r . . r u,
i waa agrreu upon ut uuuvcshuii ui ovut
i i,r...? c' -ii -r .k. a...
i'taiui-tiiili oi iiuiii oil vi mp ui.,..
Self-preservation required it; for the price
of iron has advanced nearly thirty percent
' J. JL. r
within the last twelve months.
The manu
istiurcri uiu HUl trui ki iiuciij w
re ........... J : 1 .... I I -. l:ka ... .H,ini4
. , , . , . ..,:i ,ho ,r
I u.Pon ne r. lt.P" pr ?e,,'Un i !Ve.V
closed, although thev would have been justi
Bed in doing so. The prices now agreed
upon, notwithstanding the large advance,
will aflort us greater profit thau the price
of last year. Albany Journal.
First Cotton from the United States.
Mr. Robert Owen, the celebrated Philan
thropist or England, manufactured the first
two bales of American cotton imported into
Great Britain. The bales were accompani
ed by a statement of the mode of cultivation,
and exprcasing the opinion, that the State
from which it ane Georgia, we believe
would produee two hundred bales the follow
ing year. We now send about a million
and a half of balea-to England, annually.
In 1786, Mr. Madison, writing to his friends,
said, "There is no reason to doubt that the
United Statea will one dav become a great
cotton growing country." Six years after
that in 1792 the Union produced 138,228
pounds in one year; in 1795, Jhe crop was
6,276,300 pounds; and in 1842 it was 783,
221,800, pounds! I. ; . . , . .
,. ' fj-The value or land in the centra of the
city of Lqpdoa, i40P,000 per cre., z
TACClVHTuH.riciaH
TI ' AnTllLlA. The Anatra,
Jian news become more and more aalonl.h
n ,ew aays later advice have bees
A few da
thsT-im ,ppe, ,h-- ourin
th. .m,. -tetnma are also given of
the amount aeot down b ...- ...
Alexander and B.l.r,? L "l .l , ' '
of Victoria, tu ths .I!Lm h eolon-
Bui, wiin n muw ene steady f .u
vield. It I. believed that the pe of ht
Victoria mine, alone, for th ZiZ.:. 1 .
cannot have been less than 9,500,000 oun!
ees. worth 10,000.000 sterling. The S
from the gold fields in New South Wales
brought down to Sidney, remains to be add'
ed, and the recent discovery ol an extensive
tract in South Australia will likewise have
to be taken into account. : In .ark r ik.
thres colonies there ia enough, It is believed.
iu rvwaru an me population (Hal can DOS"
in forten yeara. The New South Waleeor
Sidney mines have been in a great RMasare
neglected, on sceount of the scarcity of
hands, but they are believed to ba al
most interminable in extent, and in some-
parts nearly a rich as Mount Alexander im
Victoria.
- One large tractor 313,000 acres belongs
to the Australian Agricnltural Company,,
founded in London about twentyeight years
ago, and during the present week they
have receivod advices that the whole of
seems to be richly impregnated with gold,,
and that it is impossible to estimate' it
wealth.' It abounds likewiae with' quartz; ,
and some pieces actually picked, frem 'the
surface by the Government Commiasioner,
and subsequently tested at Sidney, were
found to yield 8 pounds 4 onnces per ton, or;
in sterling value 360 or 400.
Fraudulent ana Counterfeit Bam;
Notes. Almost daily Js developed Rome
swindling transaction in the way of fraudu
lent notes, which are gotten up r nAtm
luted among na by irresponsible
More than $20,000 of foreign J' V
""""7 " uuo uanmn-j hou8ejn thi, cU
while the amount in cifculotion which is not
received is more thaj, len titne as treat
l ae tact that notes of banks purporting to.
be located at the East, are engraved here,
signed here and. circulated her by paid a
gents, shows ,n ?rt how this plethora of
eastern m. jney happen, and calls for the in
Yistigation of the police, and the caution of
business men and the public generally. -This
flood of bad money most cease, or the
loss, and possibly the ruin or some or our
business men will ensue. We are actually
overwhelmed with spurious bills, and some
thing must be done, and that speedily, to
avert the evil.'
In connection with this matter, we may
say that the enormous quantity or base coin
now in circulation, calls for some such pre
caution as is employed in every country in
Europe, by the use of iron penetrated with
snts sufficient to take in any coin from 3;
cents to a dollar. A slight twist reveals tho
character of the coin; if base, it will easily
oena it pure, it will resist any moderate
attempt to twist it. -Cm. Gaz. '
Fjiaud Sold out, Ajc These terms
have become very common since Saturday's
developments. We learn that both Dial, of
Springfield, and Knapp, of Ashland, feet ae
if they had been made dupes of in a very un
justifiable way. The Breslin men promised,
it is said, to go tor Dial for Secretary of State,
against Trevitt, and the Trevitt. men agreed
to go Tor Knapp, for Treasurer, egainet Bres
lin. On Saturday morning Breslin and
Trevitt became alnr.ned, had a private meet
ing, said there was no use In fighting each
other, and thus both roll ot the stage. They
then agreed to go for each other, and to in
duce enough of their friends to do so, to se
cure their nominations. So, Breslin was
made Treasurer, and, in payment thereof,,
the Breslin men went for 1 rcvitt as Secre
tary of Stute. Dial and Knapp were vsed,
and then told out, cheap. Such is the story
of the duped. 1 1 is very pleasant. Journals
A Man or Ekeruy. At tho Cambridge
(Mass.) Cattle market, last week, Hut.? was
a forcible illustration of the capability of
man lo overcome physical disabilities. A'
Vermonter, who from his. birth has been de
prived of his lowcr'tintUs, oarae down with a.
car load of cattle to sell. His appearance
wa that of a tailor seated on his board. On
the stopping of tho train, he lets himself,
down frorni the car upon a small wagon;,
brought for tfte purpose, and by the aid of a
brother drover is drawn to the market. Hav
ing disposed of his cattle and received tho
money, he returns to the cars, and without'
assistance by the strength or his arms, he
draws himself into his seat and starts for
home, .'
The Baltimore Platform. It will as- .
tonish the Pierce men at Washington, to
learn that tho Ohio Democracy repudiate -and
spit upon the Baltimore platform of Lo--cofocoism.
When it was proposed to in--dorse
it, the mollenriwoe laiivfo the table,
and then after a debate, they deliberately.
refused to take it np. One d6 legate from.
Lorain county snid to us that it would lose.'
them 400 votes in that county if they indor
sed that fugitive slave law platform! He
used his influence to keep it on the table,
and there it leeps,a dishonored, repudiated,
thing in Ohio. Journal. . .. ; ,
How to Keep Poor. Buy two' glosses of
ale every day, at five cents each, amounting
in one year to $36 60; smoke three cigars,
one after each meal, counting up- In the
course of the year to $54 75; keep a big dog,!,
which will consume in a year at least $15
worth of provisions, and a cat, $5 more; Al
together this amounts to the snug little sum
of $1 10 25 sufficient to buy six barrel of
flour, one hundred bushels of coal, one bar
rel of sugar, one sack of coffee, a good coat,
a respectable dress, besides a frock for the
baby, and a half a dozen pairs of shoes
more or less. Just think of it.
Niagara Ship Canal. There is an en-
terprise of unsurpassed importance to be ac
complished at no distant day; we mean a
Ship Canal around Niagara Falls, on the
American side. Such work would open
uninterrupted lake navigation from Ogdens-- '.
burgh to Chicago, and to the upper end of -Lake
Superior; fur our readers will recollect
that a company has already been formed,
with liberal aid in the way of wild lands fron.4
the General Government, to construct
Ship Canal around the Fall of St. Mary,
connecting Lake Huron and Superior., ;v-
Heavy Tax-Payers. Quite a number of
the tax-payers in Cincinnati, run in4otfc--thoussond,
Mr. Nicholas Longworth as high'
as $19,177. He must feel poor about the -time
the tax-gatherer comes round.. ' His 1
taxes probably exceed those of any other-1'
individual in the State. John Riddle, Sen.7
pays the next highest in Cincinnati, $5,446..--Tho
Cincinnati and Dayton Railroad $5,161; '
and the little Miami $4,493. Eleven Jpay "
over $3,009; twenty-six over $2,000; eighty-
one $1,000, and two hundred and fifty-four -$500
or over.' The venerable Jacob Burnet '
pays $2,847, and the Burnet House $3,150, -
Reconnoisarcbi or Salt River. One of
our fellow-citizena returned to Zanesville
on Friday last.from a reconolsanee or several
weeks up Salt River. He reports the soil
productive climate good game abundant,
especially deer. He says the land has not
been very well tilled for the last four yesrs.
the inhabitants having devoted more time to
politiee than agriculture. Property Is '
sing In value, caused by the Improvement Jtw
the character of the population within into,
last, few months. 2,qjies,, . CoMritrfi '

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