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The weekly Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1852-1855, September 08, 1853, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078726/1853-09-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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. Published evbby thubsdat mobhi bo.
, 'OFFICE Old Publie Building South- Comer
' " ' "-; . of the Public Square-. J
'.. , Tebms $1,75 per annum in advance.
"Thursday Evening, Sep. 8, 1833
Tub Westebb Hoo abd Cattle Caor.
"The prospect of the coming season.through
H out Kentucky,' and we4believe Ohio and In
,. (liana, are favorable for an increase- over
' " ast year. - In Kentucky, it is said the num.
1. ber of hogs ia unprecedented, and as the
corn erop will be a full average' one, they
;ran'all ba fattened. .' A letter from a farm-
er in Mason co., Ky., says:
1 Stock hogs are $3 $ hundred, gross, and
freely offered. Fat hogs are refused at the
'' same price. The amount of old . corn is
i considerable at J1.50 $ bbl in thfl crib -New
corn is selling at $,25 $ bbl in the
field. -. v-
Cattle coming into winter and fall beef
sire scarcer than I ever knew' them. I am
now grating 700 cattle only . 100 head of
them will be fit for killing this fall, whereas
' usually one-half would have been good beef.
I found It utterly impossible to get good
:. aged cattle, In Kentucky, for grazing fat.
lieef is 6 cenrs $ pound here now, and
tnust advance with the fall demand .-;
The California trade has taken off most
"" of the extreme - western cattle, and oxen
" hive been bought in this county for that
' market. Tennessee has been hunted over
- for old oxen to feed for the New York mar-
; fcet, by Kentuckiaas and Ohioans.
, '. SEBtous Mistake bt a Bark Telleb.
: On Wednesday, Henry Rosenthal, a com
,, mission merchant of New York, presented
' check drawn for $9,12 on the Hanover
' Bank In that city for payment. Mr. E. B.
i Cobb, the paying teller, ia the hurry of bu-
iness, paid Rosenthal $912,00 by mistake
instead of $9,12. Later ia the day, Mr.
Cotib.ln making op Via accounts, discover
d that there was quite a large deficiency of
v funds, nd upon comparing the check with
he check clerk the error waa at ence dis
covered. The police were immediately en
; fter Rosenthal, and on his arrest he denied
"; .4iny connection with the matter, and said he
' tad not drawn the money. His trunk was
J;,searched, which resulted in finding $800 in
- $100 bills, which, after some hisitation, he
admitted was a portion of the money he had
' -drawn upon the check, and paid to bint by
mistake by Mr. Cobb. . His person was also
- searched, and upon him was found funds
, making in all nearly the amount drawn by
."'.li.im.' He was detained for examination.
CcBasshoweb Soouboe. The New York
Tribune has a most molancholy story of the
destruction of vegetation by grasshoppers in
Chataque county, in that State, whore thry
have devoured the hay crop, the wheat, the
' cats, beans, turnips, cubbagea, garden veg
': etabJes generally, Indian corn, and rim over
the pastures Mid meadows. Other counties
' are affected in tht State and Pennsylvania.
' At Plymouth, N. It, they haVe also over
run entire fields, and it U said have forced
themselves in swarms into dwelling houses,
preying npon clothing, window curtains, &c.
. ' .Abotheb Ixpbosablb Stobv1. it isstat
ed that a private letter received in N. York
from New Orleans states that an Jmrnerise
rnft. Boxed uo. full of the bodies of those
who have died of yellow fever, was towed
' down the river after night-fall, and sunk
so difficult is it to obtain person to dig
!. grave or to bury the dead. This story,
like the one giving an account of the burn-'
... ing of a Urge number of dead bodies, we
take to be mere fiction. - :
Dishobest Ssbvabt. A colored servant
- from the Metropolitan Hotel in New York,
u arrest on Saturday, charged with steal-
' jn$a,f 50 rrom a boarder. He offered a
5500 bill for exchange at tho Empire City
Bank, and was then arrested. He had pur"
chased a gold watch out of the money. On
his person was found $100 more, and iu his
' room, secreted in a patent leathar shoe, two
one thousand dollar bills. The thief was
-.ugged, and the raoaey all recovered.
''' t)0A Steamship ef five thousand tons
.' freight burthen is in course of construction
-' London, for the Eastern Steam Naviga
., ,oa Company. This monster ship will be
h.CSO feet in length, 83 feet in breadth, 68 feet
. In depth, with both screw - and paddle en-
; ; glnes, 6f an aggregate nominal horse power
' r f 3,600 .,811b will have an iron hull, and
t her cab,in rooms for v first class passengers
v will accommodate five hundred. . '
;- Pubcrasb or AiairsiTioit. The N. Y.
Times mentions a rumor that a large purch
ase of; Porter's revolving rifles has been
. made in that city, by parties , interested
In" the, affair of Cuba. The number
, of implements are set down at a thousand
8 ix charges to each will make this atock
equivalent to six thonsand muskets.
Efkot of Filth oir Health No bet
ter illustration is required of the detrimental
ffectaf filth and stagnant pool of water
ajpon health than in the fact that in five
wards of New York, the filthiest in the city,
there Were no less than 349 deaths last
, week, nearly one-half the mortality in the
-,i entire city. . '
."' CntoKoroBM Coubtebacted. Dr. Tor
tert de Lambelle, a distinguished physician
'of Paris, announces that a ahockof electric
ity given to a patient dying from the effects
i of chloroform, Immediately counteracts its
' influence, and returns the sufferer to life.
' The fact i Worth knowing, if it be a fact.
- ' Rapid Ibcbease. The population of San
.iFrancisco ia now 60,000; six year ago the
' . (California Star announced ite population as
(being 831 males tod J38 females. . The In
., 'grease js unprecedented. '
NO. 18.
From the N. Y DUly Ttibuoa of Auz. S
CnAPTEE I. Thb Pibst Ihtebtiew with
"Hot Corn! Here's vour nice Hot Corn.
smoking botsmokiug hot, just from the
poi:" uour aner Hour, lad evening, as we
sat over the desk, this cry came up in a soft
plantive voice - under our window, which
told us of the ways of the poor to eke out
the means of subnutene in this overbur
dened, illfed and worse lodged home of mis
eryof ao many without means, who are
constantly crowding into the dirtiest pur
lieus oi tni notorious dirty city, where tbey
are exposed to the daily chance of death
rrom some sudden outbreaking epidemic
like that now desolating the same kind of
streets in New Orleans and swallowing up
its thousandit of victims from the same class
of poverty-stricken, uncomfortably-provided
tor human beings, who know not iiow.or have
not the power to flee to the. healthy hills
and green fields of the country. Here they
live in boles almost as not as the hot corn,
the cry of which rung in our ears from dark
until midnight. '
"Hot corn, hot corn Mere's your nice
hot com,"rose up In a faint child-like voice,
which seemed to have been aroused by the
sound of our step as we were about enter-
ng the Park, while the Ulty nail clock told
the hour when ghosts go forth upon (heir
midnight rambles. We started, as though
a spirit had given 'us a rsp, for the soumd
seemed to come out of one of, the iron posts
which stand as sentinels over the main en
trance, forbiding all vehicles to enter.unless
tho driver taken the trouble to pull up and
tumble out of the way one of the aforesaid
poats, which ia not often done, because one
of tli em often, if not - always, is out of its
place, giving free Ingress to the court yard,
or livery stable grounds- of the City Hall,
which in consideration of the growth of a
few miserable dusty brown trees and doubt
ful colored crass patches, wi ca!l"lho
Looking over tho post we discovered the
owner of the hut corn cry, in the person of
an emaciated little girl about twelve years
old, whose dirty frock was nearly the col
or or the rusty iron, and whose face, hands
and foet, naturally white and delicate, were
grimmod with dirt until nearly of the same
color. There were two white streaks run
ning down from the suit blue eyes, that told
of the hot scalding tears that were coursing
their- way. over that naturally beautiful
face. '
"Some corn, Sir," lisped the little suffer
er, as she saw we had stopped to look at
her, hardly daring to ope-tk to one who did
not address her In rough tones of command,
suchas "give me some corn, you little wolf's
whelp," or a namo still more approbrlous
both to herself and mother. - Seeing we had
no look of contempt for lior.slio said, pita
ously "please buy some corn, sir."
"No, my dear, we do not wish any; it is
not very healthy in such warm weather as
this, and. especially so late at night.
"Oh dear, then, what shall Idol"
"Why, bo home. : It is past midnight,
and such little girls as you ouijht not to be
in the streets of tins bad city at this time of
- "I can't go home and I am so tired and
sleepy. Oh deor."
"Cannot uo home. Why not!"
"Oh, Sir, my mother will whip me if I go
home without selling all my corn. Oh, sir,
buy one ear, and then I shall have only two
left, and I am sure she might let little Sis
and mo eat them, for I have not had any
thing to eat since morning only ono apple
the man gave me, and one part of one he
threw away. I could have stole a turnip
at the grocery wh?n I went to git to get
something in the pitchor lor mother, but I
dure not. I did use to steal, but Mr Pease
says that it is naughty to steal, and 1 don't
want to be naughty, vin deed I don't; and I
don't want to be a bad girl, like Lim Smith,
and she is only two years older than me, if
she does, dress fine; 'cause Mr. I'ease says
she will be just like old drunken Kate, one
of these days. Oh, dear, now there goes
man and I did not cry hot coin, what 3hall
"Do! There, that is what you shall do,"
as we dashed tho corn in the gutter. "Go
home; tellyonr mother you have sold it all,
and here is the money.','
"Won't that be a lie, Sir! Mr. Peaso
savs we must not ten nes."
"No, my dear, that wont De a no, uerauso
I have - bought it and thrown tt away, in
stead of eating it."
"But, Sir, may 1 eat it then u you don't
want it!"
"Nor.it is not (rood foryou; good bread is
better, and here is a sixpence to buy a loaf,
and here is another to buy some nice cakes
foryou and Sis. Now that is your money;
don't give it to your mother, and don't stay
out so late again. Go home earlier, and
tell your mother you cannot keep awakc.and
if she is a good mother 6ho won't whip
Uh, Sir, she is a coot! mother sometimes.
Rut I am sure the grocery man at the corner
is not a good man, or he would not sell my
mother rum, when he knows-tor Mr. Pease
told him so that we poor children were
starving. Uh, i wish all the men were
good men like him, , and then my mother
would not drink that nasty liquor and beat
and starve us, 'caue there would be nobody
tosell her any and then we should have
plenty to eat."-
Away sne ran down me street toward that
reeking centre of filth, poverty and misery,
the noted f tve t'ouiis ot inow rorit. .
As we plodded up Broadway, looking In
here and there upon the palatial splendors
of metropolitan "saloons" we think that
ia the word for fashionable upper class grog
shopswe almost involuntarily cried "hot
corn," as we saw the hot spirit of that grain,
under the . various guise of "pure gin"
"old rura" "pale brandy" "pure port"
"Heidsick -or "Laaer-bier" -poured
down the bot throats of men and ah, yes.of
women, too, whose daughters may some
day sit at midnight upon the cold corb-stone
crying "hot corn," to gain a ponny for the
purchase of a drinkof the fiery dragon they
are now inviting to a home in their bos
oms.who se cry in after years will be, "Give,
give, give," and still as unsatisfied. as the
horse leach's daughters.
Again, as we passed on up that street,
still busy and thronged at midnight, as a
country village at midday Intermission of
church service, ever and anon from side
street, came up they cry of "hot corn hot
corn 1" and ever as we heard it, and ever as
we shall through all years to come, we
thought of that little girl and her drunken
moiner, ana mo "oaa man" at the corner
grocery, and that her'a was the best, the
strongest Maine Law argument which had
ever fallen upon our listening ear.
. .Again, as we turned the corner ot Spring
street, the glare and splendor ol a thousand
gas lights, and the glittering cut-glass of
inai ior tne brat time, lighted up bar-worn
of tho Prcscott House, so lauded by tho
Press forils magnificence, dashed our eyes
and almost blinded our senses to a degree of
imagination that first class Hotels must
have such Five Point denizen-making ap
purtenance as this glitering room, shame
lessly inviting, open to the street; when that
watch-word cry, like the pibroch's startling
pearl, came up from the near vicinity, wail
ing like a lost spirit on the mid-night air
"Hot corn, hot corn here's your nice hot
corn smoking hot bot hot corn."
"Yes, yes! I ffear you cry it is a watch
word glorious watch-word, that bids us
do or die unlit the smoking, hot, fiery-furnace-like
gates of hell, like this one now
yawning before us, shall cease to be licens
ed by a Christian people, to send delicate
littlo girls at midnight through the streets,
crying, "Hot corn," to support a drunken
mother, whose first glass was taken in a
"fashionable saloon," or first-class liquor
selling hotel.
"Hot corn,'.' then, be the watch-word of
all who would rather se the grain fed to the
drunkard's wife and children than into the
insatiable bot maw of the whiskey still.
Let your resolution grow hot and atrong
every time you hear this midnight cry, that
you will devote, if nothing more
'l lirtffl grain! ot corn, mother, ,
Oulythrtje greinfl of corn."
toward the salvation ol the thousand equal
ly pitiable objects as the little girl, whose
wailing cry has boen the inciting cause of
this : present dish of "Hot corn smoking
hot!" . i
Chapteu II. Tis Home of Liltk Katy.
About a week ago, we published a little
story undor this title, detailing some ol the
sufferings which crime and misery bring up
on the poor of this city, and hinted at the
cause, a hat story is not yet finished. 1 lie
next night after the interview with that neg
lected, ill used little girl, the same plaintive
cry of "Hot corn! hot corn! here is your
nice hot corn!" cams up through our open
window on the midnight air, while tho rain
came drippling down from the ovrcharged
clouds in just sufficient quantities to wet the
thin single garment of the owner of that
sweet young voice, without giving ber an
acceptable excuse for leaving her post be
fore her hard task was completed. At
length the voice grew fainter, and then
ceased, and then we knew that exhausted
nature slept ".hat a tender house plant was
exposed to the chilling influence of a night
rain that an innocent littlo girl had the
curb-stone for a bed and an iron post for a
pillow that by and by she would awaken,
nut i n virtnra toil with rATroaKinir eliimhn, lint
poisone! with the sleep-inhaled miasma of
the filth-reeking gutter at her feet, which
may be breathed with impunity awake, but
like the malaria of our Southern coast, is
death to the sleeper; not soothed by a drea
my consciousness of hearing a mother s
voice, turning tho soft lullaby of
"Hush, my child, lia siill and dumber,"
but starling like a sent.nol upon a savage
frontier post, with alarm at having slept;
shivering with night air and fear, and final
ly compelled to go home trembling like a
culprit, to hear the hard words of a mother
yes, a mother, but oh! what a mother
cursing her for pqt .performing an impossi
bility, because exhausted nature slept be
cause her child had not made a profit which
would enable her more freely to indulge in
the suul-and-body-destroying vise of drun
kenness, to which she had fallen from an
estate when "my carriage" was one of the
"household words" which used to greet the
youni ears of that poor little death-stricken
neglected street sufferer.
It was past midnight when sho awoke.and
found herself, with a desperate effort, just
able to reach the bottjm of the ricketty
stairs which led to her home. We shall not
go up now. In a. little while, reader, you
shall seo where live the city poor.
Tired, worn with the daily toil for such
Is the work of an editor who caters for the
appetites of his morning readers we were
not present the next night to note the ab
sence of that cry from its accustomed spot;
but the next, and next, and still on we listen
ed in vainthat voice was not there. True,
the same hot corn cry came floating upon
the evening breeze across the park, or
wormed its way from some cracked fiddle
voice down the street, up and around the
corner; or out of some dark alley, with a
broken English accent, that sounded almost
as much like "lager bier," as it did like the
commodity tho immigrant, struggling to eke
out his precarious existence, wished to sell.
All over this great poverty burdened, and
wicked waste, extravagant city, at this sea
son, that cry goes up, nightly proclaiming
one of the habits of this late supper eating
Yes, we missed that cry. "Hot corn" was
no longer like tho music of a stringed instru
ment to a weary man, for the treblo-string
was broken, and, to us, the harmony spoil
ed. What was that voice to U3? It was bat
one of tho ten thousand, just as miserable,
which may be daily heard where human mis
ery has its abode. That voice, as somo oth
ers have, did not haunt us, but its absence,
iu spite of all reasoning, made us feel un
easy. We do not believe ia spirit manifes
tations half as strongly as some of the nin
compoops of this world would have their
long-eared listeners think,yel we do believe
there is a spirit iu man, not yet made man
ifest, which makes us yearn after co-exist
ing spirits iu this sphere and in this life, and
that there is no need of going beyond it,
seeking after strange idols..
. Wo shall ' not stop to enquire whether It
was a spirit of "the first, third or sixth
sphere," that, prompted us as we left our
desk one evening, to go down among the a
bodes of the poor, with a feeling of certain
ty that we should see or hear something of
the lost voice, for that spirit led us on; per
haps It was the spirit of curiosity; no matter,
it led, and we followed in the route we had
seen that mils one go before it waa our
only cure we knew no name had no num
ber, nor knew no one that knew her whom
we were going to find. Yeif we knew that
good Missionary, and she had told us of the
good words which he had spoken, but would
he know ber from the hundreds just like her!
Perhaps. It will cost nothing to enquire.
We went down Centre street with a light
heart; we turned into cross street with a
step buoyed by hope; we stood at the corner
of Little Water street and looked round in
quiringly of the spirit, and mentally said,
"which way now!" The answer was a far
off scream of dispair. . We stood still with
an open ear, for the sound of prayer, follow
ed by a sweet hymn of praise to God, went
up from the site of tho Old Brewery, In
which we joined, thankful that that was no
longer, the abode of all the worst crime
conoentrated under one roof. Hark, a step
approaches. Our unseen guide . whispers,
"ask him." It were a curious , question to
ask a stranger, in such a strange place, par
ticularly one like him, baggard with over
much oare, toil or mental labor. Prema
turely old, bis days shortened by over-work
in young years, as Lis furrowed face and al
most ohrensied eve burridlv indicates, na w
see the flash of the lamp upon his dark vis
age, as he approaches with that peculiar
American step which impels the budv for.
ward at railroad speed. Shall we get out of
bis way before be walks over us! What if
he is a crazy man! No; ths spirit waa night
no false raps here. It is that good mis
sionary. That- man who ba done more to
reform that den of crime, the rive Points of
New York, than all the Municipal Authori
ties of this Police-hunting,-and Prison-pun-Bhing
City, where misfortune is deemed a
cirims, or the unfortunate driven to it, by the
way they are treated, instead of being re
formed, or strengthened in their resolution
to leforin, by hard words rather than Prison
bars. "Sir," said Sir. Pease, "what brines
yon here at this time ot night, for I know
there is sn object; canl aid you!"
"Perhaps. I don't know a foolish whim
a little child one of the miserable, with a
drunken mother." . . i
Come wittrtne, tbenL-There are manv
such. I am just golpg to visit one', who
will die before morning a sweet little girl,
born in better days, and dying now but
you shall see, and then we will talk about
the one you would seek to save.
We were soon treading a narrow alley,
where pestilence walketb in darknsas, and
crime, wretched poverty and filthy misery,
go hand in hand to destruction.
"Behold," said our friend, the fruits of
our city excise. Here is the profit of money
spent for license to kill tho body and damn
the soul." Proven by tho awful curses of
and loud blows of a drunken husband upon
a wife, once an ornament of society, and ex
emplar member of a Christian Church, that
came up out of one of the low cellars, which
human beings call by the holy name of
The fetid odor of this filthy lane had been
made more fetid by the late and almost scald
ing hot rums, until it seemed to us that such
an air was only fit for a charne! house.
With the thermometer at 90, at midnight,
how could men live in such a place, below
the surfaee of the earth. Has rum rendered
them proof against the effect of carbonic ac
id gas!
We grouped our way along to the foot of
an outside stair case, where our conductor
piused for a moment, calling our attention
to tho spot. "Hern," said Mr. Pese,"the
little sufferer we are going to see, fainted
a few nights ago, and lay all night exposed
to the rain, where she was found and beat
en in the morning by her miserable moth
er, because she had not sold all her corn."
"Great and unknown Cause, hast thou
brought us to her duor!" Our friend stared,
but did not comprehend tho expression.
"Be careful," said he, "the stairs are very
old and slippery."
"Beat her!" said we, without regarding
what ho was saying. '
"Yes, beat her, while she was in a fever
ot delirium, troin which she has never
rallied. She has never spoken rationally
since she was taken. Her constant pray
er seems to be to see some particular per
son before she dies."
Oh, if I could see him once more there
there that is him no, no, he did not speak
that way to me he did not curse and beat
me." - - -"Such
is her conversation, and that in
duced her mother to send for me, but I was
not tho man. Will he come!' she says, ev
ery time I visit her; for, thinking to sooth
and comfurl her, I promised to bring him.
We had reached the top of the stairs and
stood a moment at the open door, where sin
and misery dwelt, where sickness bad come,
and where death would soon enter.
"Will he come!"
A faint voice came up from a low bed in
ono corner, seen by the very dim light of
a miserable lamp.
That voice. We could nut be mistaken.
We could not enter. Let us wait a moment
in the open air, for their is a choakiug sen
sation coming over us.
"Come in," said our friend.
" Will he come I"
Two hands were stretched out imploring
ly toward the Missionary, as the sound of
voice was recognised.
"She is much weaker to-night," said her
mother, in quite a lady-like manner, for the
sense of her drunken wrong to her dying
child had kept her sober ever since she nnd
been sick, "but she is quite delirious, and all
the time talking about some man that spoke
kindly to her one night, and gave her mon
ey to buy bread."
"Will he come!"
"Yes, yes, 'through the guidance oftho
good spirit that guides the world, and leads
us by unseen paths, through dark praces,Ae
t.aitorhc." .
The little emaciated form started up
in bed, acd a pair of beautiful soft blue eyes
glanced around tho room, peering through
the semi-darkness, as if in search of some
thing heard bnt unseen.
"Katy, darling," said the mother, "what
is the matter?" . '
"Where Is he, mother! He is here, I
heard him s peak."
"Yes, yes, sweet little Innocent he is
bore, kneeling by your bedside. There, lay
down. you are very sick."
"Only once, just once, let me put my arms
around your neck, and kiss you, just as I
used to kiss papa. -1 had a papa once when
wo lived In the big house there, there
Oh, I did want to see you to thank you for
the bread and the cakes; I waa very hungry,
and it did taste so good and little Sis, she
waked up, and she eat and eat, and after a
while she went to sleep with a piece in her
hand, and I went to sleep; hav'ntl been a
sleep a good while! I thought I waa asleep
in tho Park, and somebody stole all my corn,
I and my mother whipped me for it, but I
could not help it. Oh dear, I feel sleepy
now. I can't talk any more. I am very
tired. I cannot see; the candle has gone
out. I think I am going to die. I thank
you; I wanted to thank you for the bread I
thought you would not come. Goodbye
Sissee, good bye, Sissee you will come
mother don't drink any more Mother
good b ." "J
"Tis the last of earth," said the good man
at our side Ictus pray.
Reader, Christian reader, little Katy isin
her grave. Prayera for her are unavailing.
There are in this city a thousand just such
cases. Prayers for them are unavailing.
Faitb without works wont work reform.. A
faithful, prayerful resolution, to work out
that reform which will save you from read
ing the recital of such scenes such fruits of
the rum trade as this before you, will work
together for your own and other's good.
Go forth and listen. If you bear a little
voice crying hot corn, think of poor Katy.and
of the hosts of innocents slain by that re
morseless tyrant, rum. Go forth and seek
8 better spirit to rule over us. Cry aloud,
"will he come!" and the answer will be,
"ye, yes, he is here."
fjTAll the members of the Unitarian So
ciety In St. Louis, who were slaveholders
it is said, have emancipated their slaves un
- - s
Friday Krrnin?, Sept. '2r 18 J 3.
Bewabb or Fsapds! ! Speaking of the
ticket recently nominated by the Locofoco
primary election of Hocking county, the
"Sentinel," that ever watchful guardian of
the People' Rights, pat ths Democracy in
possession oftba following astounding fact:
"We are not to be met this fall by an open,
bold and manly enemy. Whiggery, a an
organized party, 1 not in the field; but we
shall be compelled to combat all the fac
tion and umi in tho country. Everything
which can possibly be used to divide and
diitract our forces, will be brought to bear
against the ticket."
These sterreo typed phrase are made use
of on the eve of every election. If the peo
ple of Hocking can digest such ituff their
stomuchs must be made of the most improv
ed Xorm of gutta percha, - Talk about Um$
when it is well known that Pieres oes bis
elevation to a combination of all the faction
and isms of the country, and is now endeav
oring, by distributing the spoils, to keep
them united. But mch is Locofocoism.
The Ebie abd New Yobk Cebtbal Rail-
boad. The New York Lxpress states that
the income ot the great Erie Railroad not
being up to the estimate of ths directors,
causes apprehension that, combined with
the large expenditure of the road, which has
not yet been sufficiently e;onomised, no
money has been earned for the stockholders
and that a dividend is improbable, and un
der any circumstance inexpedient. The
Post says:
The Erio Railroad Company will have to
look more to tho management of iu road
than it bas ever yet done to compare at all
with what shall henceforward be its great
est rival, the New York Central. It is
stated that ten thousand tons of iron have
been purchased or ordered, and is now in
the course of delivery for the New York
Central Railroad, in pursuance of s resolu
tion passed at the first meeting of the board
of directors on 7th July last. The obj ;ct
for which this iron is to bo used is for double
tracking the road from Syracuse to Buffalo
without delay, and put the entire line of road
from the Hudson river to Lake Erie, with
its rolling stock and machinery, in the very
best condition.
Railboad Usder Co.itbact. The Fort
Wayne and Chicago Railway has been
placed under contract for grading and ma
sonry. Tho road, which is 150 miles long,
will be nearly straight. Tbe cost is esti
mated at $2,500,000, which will be in part
provided for by a atock subscription of $1,
050,000. The road is to be finished by the
close of 1854.
Cold Weatheb is the MorRTaiss. The
Boston Transcript learus from a friend, who
passed Friday night, the 19th instant, on
Mount Washington that for twelve hours
the mercury was not higher than 30 degrees,
and that in the morning there was a con
siderable quantity of ice and icicles.
Scotch Pastob. The Scotch citizens of
Boston, it is said, have made arrangements
to bring t this country, from Glasgow, the
Rev. Mr. Muir, one of the most talented
and eloquent ministers of the Free church of
Scotland. He will arrive here about the
latter part of September.
Wablike. A battery of six pounders and
other engines of destruction, it is said, are
preparing at Washigton to be forwarded
from the arsenal there for the Rio Grande,
where a large portion of the United Slates
army is concentrating.
Great Britaib and the Usited States.
The President has issued his proclama
tion announcing the ratification of a treaty
between Great Britain and the United
States for the settlement of individual
claims in each country on the government
of tho other, arising since the Treaty of
feace oftbe 24th ofUecember, 1814. The
claims are to be submitted to a Board of two
commissioners, one to be appointed by each
government, the two to name a third person
to act as umpire in cases where the commis
sioners disagree. The board meets in Lon
don, and the claims are to be submitted in
six months after it is organized, and ths
whole to be closed in a year. The decision
of the commissioners to be final. Mr. Up
born, the American commissioner is already
in London. Salary $1500. All the ex
penses to be deducted out of the claims al
lowed, pro rata. Cin. Uai. .
(KySuicide, by young women, is becom
ing fearfully prevalent in New England.
Here is a fourth case within three weeks.
We copy from the Bangor Mercury,
"On Saturday evening, about 5 o'clock,
Miss Laura A. Sealand, a girl of irreproach
able character, about 19 years old, took an
ounce of arsenic, which caused her death
in about five hours. The deceased left a
letter, In which she stated her determina
tion to rid herself of life, and that she had
procured and mixed the poison. She gave
no reason for the fatal act."
' Shaksfeabe Pilgrims. A curious state
ment has just been prepared of tbe number
and nation of the several visitors of Shak
speare's House at Statford-upon-Avon.
The statement has been compiled from the
signatures of the parties themselves; and
for the period from the 1st of May, 1851, to
the 30th of April, 1852, the total number is
3316, and of these 444 were Irom the Unit
ed States, and 1643 from England. For a
like period from the 1st of May, 1853, to the
30th of April, 1853, the retnrn shows a
slight increase, the total being 23Jl,of
which 1808 were front England, and 306
from the United States.
Musouai Cotiok. On tbe 22rd instant,
twenty-six bales of cotton raised aud pick
ed in Polk county, Mo., arrived at St. Louis.
The News 6f that city says:
We note this a the first shipment ol Cot
ton from the Missouri river. In tbe course
of time, South Sea Island will be rolling
over the "road from India," and down tbe
Missouri by tbe hundred and perhaps thou
sands of balos.
The Costa Avfaib. The foreign refu
gees in N. York, have resolved that com
plimentary letters should be addressed, on
thoirnart.to Mr. Brown. United States
Consul at Smyrna, and to Capt. Ingrahstn,
for bis interference in oensit 01 vora, sc
campsnied with. suitable presentl
News Fbo WASBisotos. The'ster of
Saturday bas the fallowing:
Chief Cteri f IS IVapy Dyartmmt On
the 1st proximo John Etheridge, Esq., to
favorably koown as the efficient chief clerk
of the Nsvy Department, retires from that
position, to be succeeded by Mr. Welch, at
present at the head of the Department's
corps of corresponding clerk. Mr. E.,
however, will still remain in the Depart
ment, Butinatin tht Pension Purttu. Ehe em
ployees of tb Pension bureau sre ss busy
ss beavers. Daring the week ending to
day, ten of the clerks there were en hatred
on bounty land cases which had been sus
pended for want of proor, two thousand of
which were examined, and four hundred sod
forty-sis were allowed. Ia tbe coarse of
this week, one hundred certificate were al
lowed in pension cases cf Revolutionary
widows who married after 1800, end came
under the pension system through tbe set of
February 3d, 1853. i.UOJer this set sixteen
hundred claims base already been allowed;
five hundred are suspended for want of suf
ficient proof.snd three hundred more are on
file lor examination.
A Pleasabt Sumheb is New Bbobswick.
The St. John (N. B.) Times, speaking
of a telegraphic despatch from New York,
announcing that it had been intensely hot
there, says:
"We have not positively had one hot day
in St. John this summer that is the ther
mometer has never gone up to ninety not
more than three days bas it been over eigh
tythe average range bas been from sixty
to seventy at night fifty-eight. Tbere has
been no occasion to dispense with flannels
this summer. People dying from the effects
orbeatisit! If the word 'cold' bad been
used it would have beeo more like tbe
Aim High. Endeavor, by firm and stea
dy course of action, not to disgrace the
name you bear, put to place it one step
higher on the broad ladder of high aud en
during fame.
Place your standard high! Go towards
it straight forward and unerring in youth.
ateauuy approach in manhood; and io old
age; iryou have not attained it, you will
have reached a far higher point than you
would bid your aim been lower.
Do not leave your name to sink into ob
scurity, but by some noble sction place
it amongst those names that posterity will
bless, would that the standard of men
was to see wbo could do the most good.
Then tbe only great,wou!d be the truly good
If. after a toilsome life, and long buffet
ing with its trials, your name is not amongst
tbe great of the land, feel not east down,
nor think that you have lived in vaino.
Far from it; your life has been one contin
ued victory ,and can meet death feeling that
there is for yon blissful eternity, and that
your reward is yet to come.
How Kebtuccy Got its Name. The or
igin and meaning of the name of Kentucky,
has been accounted for in different wars
both ingenious and plausible, that we have
heard, we had a few days ago from tbe lips
ofsnold hunter, now in the ninety-ninth
year or bis sge. When Boon first came to
lhat country it was inhabited exclusively by
no tribe of Indians, but was the common
hunting ground for all the tribe of tbe adja
cent country. Tbe rich rallies were cover
ed with a chaparel of case bearing a small
berry, on which tbe turkevs came in count
less numbers to feast. Thus, it was natur
al enough for the whites to call it tbe lind of
Cane an I Turkey. The Iudians trying to
pronounce th 1 same words got it Kane
tuckee, from this it was sbreviated into Ken
tack, snd finally the name by which it is
now known Kentucky tht kind of Cane and
Turkeys. (IreencasUe Banner.
Reply or Lord J jut Rdssell to Mr.
Everett. An official correspondence is
published in the English papers, between
Lord John Russell and Minister Crampton,
respecting the proposition for a try-partite
treaty, in order to guarantee to Spain the
continued possession of the island of Cuba.
The answer of Mr. Everett, the late Secre
tary of State, to Ibis extraordinary proposi
tion on the part of England and France,
forms the chief theme of Lord John'a com
ments. Mr. E-, it will be recollected, de
clared that "the U. States would not see
with indifference the island of Cuba fall in
to the possession of any other European
government than Spain." By way of re
sponse, Lord John, while admitting the right
or the country to reject the proposal, point
edly observes that "Great Britain must at
once resume her rntire liberty, and, upon any
occasion that may call for it, be free to act, ei
ther singfyor in conjunction with other powers,
as to her mty seem St."
Bedford Valley Sxjie. Two of our
citizens have visited the spot where this
buge serpent was seen, with a view of cap
turing the monster. They saw and exam
ined tbe skin he had shed, and found it fully
twenty-one feet six inchs long. They also
saw and conversed with Mr. John Elder, a
most reliable citizen, who had met the ani
mal face to face. Mr. E. encountered him
in a lane, across which he was lying, with
his tail in one meadow and his bead near the
second fence. From his dusty brown color,
Mr. E. mistook him for the ridge pole of the
fence, until his horse started back with
fright, when the serpent reared np to the
height of the rider, and darted fire from bis
eyes. The horse instantly whirled and
dashed off in alarm, and by the time he
could be brought back to tbe spot, the snake
bad disappeared in the high grass. Mr. E.
thinks lie is between twenty and thirty feet
long. uumoeriana .M l.) Journal,
Sweabiro. The third commandment for
the christian runneth in this wise:
"Thou shalt not take tbe name of tbe
Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not
hold him guiltlless who taketh Ilia name
la fain:"
The Cincinnati Enquirer my "this com-
msndment is doubtless more frequently
broken then any of the other nine jf et, when
we take a general and wide view oftbe
world as it is, snd of our own smaljness
individually our dependence on the higher
power tor air, for sustainance, for mental de
velopment as well as for every other materi
al thinirthat grows out of nature how su
premely ridiculous Is it in man to blaspheme
the name ot his maaor. rorest
- n-rA writer in the Intelligencer commu
nicates a curious incident. A little girl wss
standincr at a window before which was a
vouuff maple tree. After a brilliant flash of
lightning a complete irasge oftbe tree was
found imprinted on ber body. This is not
tbe only Instance of th kind, bot is a sin-
V . iJ.
gator pneooawauii. -iew
nrnrjii"fXEniTjirr---ii- -riag-i
CirBilly P was making a journey
in a stag coach, over the hilly reads of N.
Hampshire, and amused himself on the way
by frequent resorts to the comforts of n -
mysterious black bottle which be bad with
bint. .... . ...
Suddenly tbe coach wheel came Id con
tact with a large stone, which, 'without do
ing sny other damage, deprived Billy of bis
equilibrium, sod so down hs rolled upon the
ground. . ..,. ..
Wot'a tbe thunder yer doin'l' said Billy
'how came yer to tip over!' .
Tbe driver informed him that the stage
bad overturned, and the passengers assursd
Billy that Jehu was right. . , . ,
Billy spproached ths vehicle again, and
remounted slowly to his former seat out
side. . : .'
Dido't upset, d'you.' say J '". r -Not
at all,' replied the driver.
Well, If I'd a know'd that,' said Billy, 'I
wrooldn' ts got off.'
OrA dabbler in (iterators and ths fine
arts, who prided himself on his knowledge
and proper use of the English language.
came aptn a youngster sitting on the bank
of a fish pond, angling lor shiners, and thus
addressed bim:
"Adolescence, art thou not endeavoring
to entice the finny tribe to engulf into
tbeir denticulated mouths a bsrbed hook,
upon whose point is affixed a dainty al
"No," said ths boy, "I'm a fiishin'."
CO" A bachelor friend of ours says thst
be never attempted but one speech to a wo
man, and then he did R&i succeed. It wis
a beautiful moonlight night, and be caught
her band and dropped upon bis knees. He
only saw a streak of calico as she went over
the bar. He did not see ber sgain for a
fortnight, and then a fellow was feeding hei
with molasses candy and ginger-bread at a
(yA windy orator once got up and said;
"Friends, fellow citizens and country
people, I rise (o say, that after mature re
flection, consideration a.il examination, I
bive calmly, and deliberately and eareful'
ly come to the determined conclusion, that,
in those cities in which the population is
very large, there is a greater number of men
women and children, than there is in cities
where the population is less."
OCA New York editor thinks, from the
way shirts are made in that city, there
ought to be an "inspector of sewers. " " The
editor went to the expense of a new shirt
the other day, and found himself, when h
awoke in the morning, crawling out be-
tween two of the shortist stitches.
There are without doubt some of the;
smallest kinds of editors in New York.
07" A traveler narrating the wonder of
foreign parts, declared he bad seen a cane a
mile long. The company looked incredu
lous, and it was quite evident that tbey
were not prepared to receive it, even if it
bad been a sugar cane.
"Pray, wbat kind of a cane waa itl"aked
one, sneeringly.
fit was a hurricane," replied the travel
OCrHere is a veritable Quaker toast:
"This from me and mine to the and thine.
I wish when thou and thine come to see
me and mine, that me and mine will treat
thee and thine as kindly as thou and thins
have treated me and mine." This is a new
veriion of the old compliment, which run,
somewhat after this wise:
"I wish thee and tby folks loved' me and
my folks as well as me and my folks love
thee and thy folks. For sure there . never
was folks, since folks was folks, that ever
loved folks so well as me and my folks lov
ed tbee snd thy folks."
03"What would yon say if you were to
see a drunken man lying in the open street.
exposed to the pelting of a violent storm?
Temperance Jonr.
We should say the poor devil was under
(he weather. What would you sayl Loois-
veUe Jour. '
That he was trying water curt for his dis
ease. What would any one else say ,
Mear, Meabeb, Mearest. There Is a
grocerln Massachusetts, said to be so mean
that he baa been seen to catch a fly off the
counter, hold him ap by the bind legs and
look into the cracks of his feet, to see if be
hadn't been stealing sugar. '
This is even meaner than the grocer
who claimed a part of his neighbor's honey,
because the bees flew into tbe cellar and)
sipped the sweets that dropped from his mo
lasses barrel.
OOrTbe man who couldn't express bis
feelings applied to Livingston, Fargo tt Co..
who agreed to do it for biai. ' '
(rThe unfortunate youth who - was
drowned a few days ago, n a 'flood of ten
der receollections,' was slowly recovering,
but yesterday he fell from tbe 'sublime to
tbe ridiculous, snd was fatally Injured.
A rticipated Duel at Sasta Ft. Ma
jor Weightman, the late delegate to Con
gress from New Mexico, was lately "post
ed"at Santa Fa by Lieut. Francis J. Thom
as, U. S. A., nf Maryland, and it is said a
street fight between the parties was expect
ed. Cause a private quarrel, originating:
at a publie hoase. . Several days had elaps
ed since the "posting," but ueuner paxij
had broken the peace.
OCrThe Comet now visible ha tbe even
ing twilight, eboot an hour after sunset, it
is said will pass its perihelion- on the 1st of
Septsmber; up to which date it may be seer
on evury clear evsnlng, following er7
closely on the sun's path. 'After this peri,
helion passags It will disappear to obaerr
era io northern latitudes, but in tbe southern,
hemisphere it will continue In sight through)
tbe month of September, rising before th
sun. -- v!;- .." ' ,

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