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The Democratic banner. (Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, September 27, 1910, Image 2

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roads" entering tho "city and thn
crowd began pouring In at 7 o'clock.
'The lareest dolocatlon was from
Cleveland, with Columbus n closo
second. Governor Harmon irrlvcd
arly from Mansfield, and spent tho
time before tlio opening of tho Speak
ing program In hearing reports from
friends from all parts of tho state.
Speaking at the Democratic cam
Jpalgn opening at Canton, Governor
Harmon dealt chiefly with tho more
Important details of his administra
tion. His entire speech follows:
Two years ago tho Democratic par
ity of Ohio again proved Us right to
no classed as a useful political
agency by exposing the wrongdoings
end shortcomings of certain state of
ficials and promising to replace them
("by honest and efllclent service. It
claimed for Its members no monopoly
rot vlrtuo or ability, but It was not
.controlled by men whose selfish pur
'Jioscb require for accomplishment
public ngents of their own selection.
Its candidates were the frco cholco
of delegates who represented tho
voters of tho party and each nominee
was pledged to do his utmost toward
the reform of tho government.
Tho excitement and confusion due
to. the choosing of presidential elec
tors by tho same ballot prevented tho
election of nil but two of Its nomi
nees those for governor and treas
urer. Tho conduct of their respec
tive offices by these two makes up
the record on which tho Democratic
party now comes beforo tho people.
When a man Is first looked over by
the voters In connection with a ser
vice they rcqulro they havo nothing
but his general character to aid them
nnd tho qualities he may have shown
In other positions, but when tho
voters havo onco tried n man It Is a
elmplo matter to decide whethor they
want him ngaln or not. Performance
lias then displaced promise and ex
pectation given way to knowledge.
An attempt to cscapo this test would
Ito a confession of unfitness. But It
can not bo escaped. AH that can bo
fairly asked Is consideration of con
ditions under which tho work had to
be undertaken, ono of which, In our
government of wisely distributed
powers, Is nlways co-operation or tho
lack of It On tho part of othor of
ficials. So tho question beforo tho pcoplo
Is, Rhnll tho conduct of tho present
governor and treasurer bo approved
or condemned? And, If they nro to
be retained, shall their associates in
tho exccutlvo and othor departments
of the government bo men in hearty
sympathy with their desire to lm
provo the public service or men who,
from nny motive whatsoever, nro
likely to give them only half-hearted
support or none at all?
Tho State Treasury.
Tho practices which long prevailed
regarding tho monoy In tho treasury
were partly made known by tho Ben
lUe committee early In 1908. Tho Ro
(lubllcan member, who has over slnco
been tho lender of tho majority of
tho senate, dissented from the com
mittee's roport, after doing all ho
could to obstruct its work. Its find
ings were denounced by him und by
every Btuto officer from governor
down us unfounded and falsely parti
san, and their party press did the
earac, with some exceptions, of which
tho Marlon Star was not ono.
Tho new trensuror promptly abol
ished the system of favoritism by
'which the public funds wore deposit
ed In banks In which former treas
urers and othor officials had secured
etock, nnd In banks controlled by
their political confederates, at rates
fixed by themselves, which thoy know
to bo much lowor than wore being
paid by tho samo banks on othor de
posits. Tho funds wero all with
drawn and redeposltcd on fair com
petition open to nil banks In tho statu
alike. Much higher rates wore thus
obtaned, which uru still In force.
Ever slnco tho law requiring the
dcpoblt of state funds tho treasury
books showed nn enoriiums amount
of ensh kept In tho vaults, averaging
nearly $800,000, although $500,000
moro was constantly on doposlt in
Columbus bunks subject to check.
Tho present treasurer at once re
duced tho cash In tho vault to $30,
0G0, which Is nmplo for dally needs,
making all nbovo that hiuii earn In
terest for tho state by prompt de
posits. Their promise to tho voters thus
kept, tho governor nnd treasurer, as
Boon as their regular duties permit
ted, proceeded to find nut tho oxnet
and entire truth about graft In tho
use of Htato funds. Tho sonata com
mittee had roportcd no mo of tho
facts, nnd tho rise to wealth and high
bank positions of officials dealing
with public monoy, who had como to
Columbus poor, had been too frequent
not to arouse suspicion.
Not nn Easy Task.
Tho task was long and hard. It had
been confessed to tho committee Hint
the treasury books contained no full
and accurate account of lawful de
posits. Borne of ouch books as woro
kept wero missing when tho olllco
changed hands. No account was kopt,
of course, of stato monoy prlvntely
used or deposited. It wub found that.
the flics had been gono through and
systematically robbed of correspond
ence relating to such dopottltE, but a
careful search revealed an oversight
hero and thcro sufficient to direct
Finally the fnlluro of tho Euclid
Avonuo Hank and TruHt Company,
which held both lawful and unlawful
deposits at tho same time, gave ac
cess to Its books and papers. Theso
also had been despoiled, but enough
had been rr.ls2c.S to show pjalnly tho
systematic loaning of puCHc monoy
for personal profit. Photographs of
entries, checks, etc., showing this aro
In my hands.
Some banks refused nil Informa
tion, though they wero known to
havo boon partners In the scheme.
As they wcro-natlonal, there wero no
means of getting nt the truth with
out legal process. Of one of theso,
Tho Commercial Bank of Columbus,
tho treasurer of tho Itepubllcan stato
committee, Mr. V. P. Huffman, was
and Is the president. In others still
there wero suddon disappearances of
books and papers when, being' stato
banks, they wore obliged to glvo ac
cess to their files and records relat
ing to stato funds. Hut nt last evi
dence was secured showing that by
the abovo and various other devices
tho stato had for years lost large
amounts of Interest which went to
qunllfy its officials for entry in finan
cial circles.
Ono of tho methods employed was
Various officers other thnn tho
treasurer collected taxes from corpo
rations amounting to millions oVory
year. Those were paid by checks,
which wero usually, If not always,
deposited jln favored banks in which
various stato officials had stock, and
months wero 'allowed for collection
of theso checks, though they wero
promptly presented and paid. During
this period tho state lost and others
enjoyed tho uso of largo amounts of
its money.
Tho astonishing discovery was then
made that tho ofllclal bonds covering
both terms of ono of tho treasurers
involved had been romovod from tho
files of tho secretary of stato and
could not bo found, but copies wero
fortunately obtained.
Suits Started In Court.
Tho evldonco of theso wrongs was
laid before tho attorney general, with
a lequest to bring suits to recover
for tho Stato tho profits thus made at
Its cxponse, which ho has dono. In
spite of all efforts to delay and con
coal wo aro confident that largo
timounts will bo restored to tho treas
ury. Ono former ofllclal has already
paid over a largd sura to avoid
threatened suit.
A complete record and system of
accounts has now been installed In
tho treasury, and nil monoy collected
Is promptly paid ovor and deposited
so ns to draw Interest for tho state.
After tho doposlt law took effect
tho grafting was carrlod on under
lover of tho largo amounts of cosh
Milch It was pretended wero carried
'ji tho treasury vaults, as abovo stat
ed, but which wure In fact never
thoro excopt on tho stated days when
the treasury was examined, which
wero known in ndvanco.
Tho depository law was approved
May 3, 1S04, but It was not put Into
operation until November following.
Among tho banks then approved was
the Cincinnati Trust Company, whoso
prosldcnt was nnd is Mr. George D.
Cox. This bank was very deliberate,
though, about taking a deposit undor
the law, nnd did not do so until moro
than a yenr lator. Perhaps reluctant
Is the better word, because tho bank
nl ready had a prlvato doposlt of
$200,000 of stato monoy nt 2 por cent,
whllo tho rnto fixed by tho depository
board wbb 2.
Interesting Correspondence.
How this was mnnagod appears
from the following correspondence
between tho Stato Trcasuror and that
company's treasurer:
Jan. 27, 1905.
Mr, F. It. Wllllnms,
Clncliintl, O.
Donr Sir:
Our quarterly noltlpnient comer) on
But. I'Vli. 4tl ho I wIhIi you would lilntlly
Ime tho cuneucy held by you hero not
Inter than l'rlil ty tho 3rd.
Should you wIhIi It ou can havo It
hack tlio following Monday.
With beat hIhIioh,
Yuuih truly,
Jan. 2S, 1905.
Hon. W. H. MeKlnnon,
Cohimlma, O.
Dear Sir:
I dealt e to acknowledge rcrrlpt of yjiir
letter of tho 27th tlio contend) of which
hiivit liceii noted and In conformity to
your wishes I will anil on ou on Friday
next and trust you will llml It conveni
ent to bo at your olllco on that tiny,
Youia vury truly, '
Similar coi rospoudouco occurred
Just boforo unch "quarterly count"
during tho year 1905, whllo Mr. Har
ding was lieutenant govornor nnd In
good health. Iu January, 190C, John
PatClson feebly climbed tho stops of
tho capltol and this money was trans
ferred to n stato account.
All tho8u reforms havo been Instl-'
tuted by tho prusont treasurer of bis
own free will. A bill was drawn and
recommended nt each session to re
quire a llko courso by all treasurers.
In spite of frequent urging this bill
was twloo rejected by tho majority
In control of tho Genoral Assembly.
Tho taxpayers can draw their own
At Kenton Inst wcok Mr. Hnrdlnc.
spending of all this, far from denying
tho facts, said "everybody know" tho
funds were not kopt In tlio tronsury,
as "thoy woro supposed to bo" (by
whom, If overybody know thoy woro
not?) and that "tho knowing people
of tho stato winked at tho transgres
sion." Surely UiIb confession nnd
excuse only mako a bad case worse.
If everybody know, why tho ro
Blstnuco to tho committee's Investi
gation and tho chorus of denial of its
Tho "knowing pdoplo" who "wink
ed nt tho transgression" woro cer
tainly not tho great body of tho peo
ple, hut tho ofllclal associates and po
litical confederates of tho graftors,
many of them personally honest them
selves, who covered up tho crime and
shielded tho criminals lest tho indig
nant voters of tho groat party whoso
good namo wns fn their keeping
should cast them out together from
control of its organization. For these,
llko nil other good citizens, wish to
bo served only by men who will take
all moms in their power to discover
overythlng that ought to be known
about the business of the state nnd
will not wink nt a public wrong, from
nny1 motive whatsoever, no matter
who commits It.
No Shirking of Duty.
Wasteful, careless and sometimes
crooked practices wero found to pre
vail In some departments nnd Insti
tutions. This was not truo of them
all, but the Infection spreads fnst if
tiot checked. In every caso which
came under tho authority of the gov
ornor these have been -corrected, so
far as discovered, honest nnd business-like
methods established and
these entrusted to faithful and com
petent hands.
It has been difficult to secure evi
dence to sustain criminal proceed
ings in soino cases whrelhere was
moral certainty of guilt. The facts
have been brought to the notice of
tho department of Justice, and this
course will bo followed right nlong,
Tlmo forbids a recital of instances,
but they have boon widely published
and are generally known. It Is suffi
cient to say that there has been no
halting, shirking or shielding by the
Exccutlvo in the work of .reform and
that It s proceeding and will proceed",
ns rapidly as conditions permit.
Canal Exposures.
Tho department of Public Works Is
tho last to receive attcntlofr. Tho
Governor has tho appointment there
of only tho chief engineer. Tho great
Importance of this position Is shown
by Its being tho very first of tho
many filled for mo by my predeces
sor at tho extra session ho cnllcd for
tho purpose Just one week beforo my
torm began, Until tho appointment
of the now chief engineer, recently, I
had no ndequato means of getting at
the truo Inwaidness of things In that
department. It Is nlready apparent
that wastefulness, nepotism and po
litical Jobbery prevail, If nothing
There seems to bo distress In some
quarters becauso it Is thought that
tho fuse of theso particular exposures
was purposely cut long, ns It wero.
This Is not truo nnd could not bo, for
tho reason Just stated. But If It were
true. It would carry a wholesome les
son: Never keep oxplostves concealed
on the premises when dangerous per
sons nro known to bo prowling about.
Either bo careful to have none, or ex
plodo them yourselves.
It Ik not pleasant to oxposo or
punish public officials. Innocent fam
ilies nro made to suffer and shnmo Is
cast on tho Stnte. I should have
boon glad tc ,tlnd rumor and suspi
cion always unfounded, and ono who,
for personal or partisan ends, would
mnko or net upon groundless charges,
la not fit to be Govornor or recognized
as u. cltlon. of Ohio, nut personal In
clination must ovor glvo way to pub
Ho duty and tho hidden soro bo cured
by tho open and faithful wound.
Management of Institutions.
It takes tlmo and closo attention to
Introduce needed reforms every
where, but It can bo truly said that
tho various departments nnd institu
tions of tho Btate which the governor
controls nro much bettor managed
than hcfoio, and more economically
mnlnti'nod. Tlio gonornl, tono of tho
servlco In them has ijeun greatly Im
proved. And no pains havo been
spared to glvo practical offect to this
rcntli.'n'iit In my Inaugural address:
"Tho people are determined that
their benevolent Institutions, espe
cially, shall be conducted on tho
highest piano In every respect. By
thoBO thoy practlco tho philanthropy
In which tho Master set .tho grout
example. Tho civilization which
grew from Ills teachings has rescued
thu afflicted from neglect, derision
nnd persecution. Tho establishments
which a Christian stato maintains for
charity aro sacred, and every solllsh
purpose sl'iould perish nt tholr doors."
Tho General Assembly was In ses
sion for a time beforo my torm be
gan, undor call by my predecessor.
Warned by tho attitude of tho major
ity therein that the Interests of tho
people woro llkoly to suffer from lnck
of hearty co-operation with tho Execu
tive, I snld this In tho snmo address;
"Theso aro soma -of tho Idoas which
appeal to mo as I enter upon tho
work to which my fellow citizens
havo called me. I can do but little
without their steadfast confidence and
Buppatt. Even with this nld tho pow
ers of tho chief cxecutlvo alono will
not '8ulllce. Theso nro limited nnd
controlled by law, as they should bo.
Tho hourty co-oporatlon of my asso
ciates iu tho government 'Is neces
sary. But whllo most of thoio are
not party comrades, whoso support
couM bo expected In political affairs,
I attribute to them tho snmo wish I
havo mysolf for tho best! government
wo nro able to supply, and tho aamo
willingness to help mo In my part
that havo to help them Iu theirs.
I can not discredit thorn, If I would,
nor thoy mo, but wo can help each
othor to gain tho npproval of tho
millions who must all sharo whatever
of benefit or harm tho administration
thoy havo entrusted to us shall bring
Attitude of Legislature.
I regret to Bay that this warning
and nppoal found llttla response. Ex
ecutive requests and recommenda
tions received scont courtesy, or
nono at nil, and tho Gnvornor's dcslro
that n thing bo dono scorned gonor
ally a sufficient leusoii for not do
ing It.
This harmful condition persisted
throughout tho regular session also,
though partially modified. Somo raorn
bes of tho majority In each ho uso de-
servo praise for a display of the
brondness and fairness which Un
people hnvo n right always to expect.
Tho measuros recomnnended wero
generally directed to Improvement In
honesty, economy, efficiency and fair
ness In tho conduct of tho public bus
iness, because these nro tho founda
tions of good government and until
they nro made secure additions to
the superstructure aro only wasto
nnd delusion.
A tax commission wns finally cre
ated to secure by constant nnd proper
nttentlon Justice nnd fairness to all In
raising tho public rovenues, but for
reasons plainly and purely partisan
the nppolntment of city boards of re
view was left In the hands of stato
officers, to bo dictated, as always, by
the local bosses. For this reason,
chiefly, I withheld my approval,
though tho bill was allowed to be
come n law for Its good foatures,
many of which wero taken from a
bill drnwn with my assistance.
Taxpayers were protected against
higher taxes, under the new appraise
ment of real estate, by limiting the
total to be levied In any year to tho
amount levied under tho present val
uations, but by the almost unanimous
vote of tho majority tho further limit
of ono por cent for all purposes,
without a voto of tho people, was re
jected and tho limit mado one and a
hnlf per cent Instead.
Only a small part were enacted of
the provisions recommended to se
cure better returns of personal pro
Recommendations Rejected.
The following are somo of the rec
ommendations which wero wholly re
jected, In nddltlon to the ono already
mentioned relative to safeguarding
the treasury:
For a single board to manago nil
state Institutions, both to savo money
and Improve conditions.
To require Inventories to bo made
and kopt In nil departments nnd in
stitutions, so as to avoid the con
stant disappearance of properly of
tho State.
To require all public agencies to
supply their needs by purchase from
stato institutions, when possible, so
as to afford an adequate market for
manufactures under the Wertz law.
To provldo against tho great and
growing peril to tho public from tho
fast and reckless running of auto
mobiles nnd grndo the license fees
according to size or power.
To prqtect employes from Imposi
tion and the loss of their wages at
tho hands of loan sharks.
To, preserve tho purity of tho bal
lot box In lnrgo cities by requiring
lodging house keepers to keep a reg
ister. -To put a stop to tho scandalous
conduct of lobbyists.
I To completo Investigations of offi
cial wrongdoing by committees which
Interested persons had suspended by
legal proceedings -founded on techni
calities easily avoidable. The re
sponse to this request at tho first
session wns tho notorious houso bill
No. 51. This so tenderly Bhlolded tho
nlready partly oxposed grafters from
risk In the further Investigation
proposed thnt they must have
drawn It themselves. Tho bill was
vetoed for reasons fully statod. The
burst of alacrity at tho opening of
tho second session was not duo to a
change of heart, as Mr. Moonoy
would havo tho pcoplo think. Tho
result of tho unaided work of tho
Governor nnd Tronsurer had Just
been placed In tho hands of tho At
torney General (See Governor's lot-
tor Doc. G, 1009.) Tho speed record
would deserve the prldo with which
tho Spenkor points to It, If It wore
for tho full courso. But tho appro
priation mentioned was mado availa
ble to the Attornoy Genoral only,
and nolther ho nor tho Governor
could t'ako tho placo or do tho work
of Investigation commlttcos, oven If
tholr regular duties loft tho time, be
cause they can not compol tho nttond
nnco of witnesses, etc.
To approve tho amendment to tho
fe lie nil constitution authorizing a tax
nn Incomes.
Tho chief executive claims no right-!'
to dictate omUno Infallibility of Judg
ment, but tho duty to mako recom
mendations Is imposed on him by
law, and tho pcoplo of tho Stato do
not got tho full benefits of tholr Bys
torn of government unless sueh rec
ommendations receive fair considera
tion. Tho Right nemedy.
Experience Justifies tho belief that
to secure the harmony rcqulrod for
successful administration and full re
sponsibility tho Governor and General
Assembly should bo of the samo po
litical party. AxDeraocratlo legisla
ture would, of courso, choose a sen
ator of that faith, but all tho men
mentioned In that connection may
fairly be Bald to nicsBuro up well
with tlio candidate already selected
on tho othor side. And whoever he
might bo, tho people can bo certain
that he will not cast a hundred and
twonty-threo votes with tho Aldrlch-Payne-Smoot
combination, llko one
of our present senators, or oven a
hundred nnd cighteon, like tho other.
Tho selection of men to conduct
tho business of the Stato does not
properly Involvo a consideration of
National affnlrs and should not bo
mado to do bo. Good govornmont In
Ohio Is necessary. In order that she
may keep hor high rank In tho sis
terhood of s'ntcs ujid bo ablo to do
her full sharo In maintaining tho
well being of tho Union. To sccuro
this with certainty tho voters should
look at tho Stato situation only. Na
tional questions nro to bo dealt with,
however, In choosing members of
Congicss, which Justifies a brief ref
erence to them hero.
National Questions.
Congress is now aDDroprZ.tlnir a
billion dollars nt each session, every
cent of which Is levied on flio people
of tho country by taxntlon In somo
form. And It is confessed that ex
travaganco arid mismanagement
cause a waste of no less than three
hundred million dollars each year, In
tho ordinary conduct of tho govern
ment, which Is moro thnn the com
bined expenditures of all the States
In the Union. It Is surely tlmo tho
people should bestir themselves In
this matter, for every ono of them
Is compelled to pay Federal taxes on
almost every thing ho buys for con
sumption or other use, whether ho
owns property subject ,to State and
local taxation or not.
And every one Is not only com
pelled to contribute to this enorm
ous outlay of the Federal government,
but Is also mado to pay a much
greater amount In the shape of In
creased prices on goods mado In this
country, because of a tariff law
framed for tho express purp6so of
making him do this to swell the
profits of manufacturers.
The people were long deceived
about this, but they wero so aroused
by the awakening, which came at
last, that the Republican leaders
woro forced to promise prompt relief
by reducing; tho tariff taxes. A spe
cial session of congress was called
to make tho promise good. How they
did It has been told by many Itepub
llcan members of high standing and
Those men havo shown how flight
reductions wero mado where they
would give the people no relief but
furnish a basis for tho misleading
uso of figures; how by artful phrases,
whose meaning and effect werp not
generally understood, protended re
ductions became really Increases, es
pecially on tho cheaper qualities of
goods used by citizens of small
means; how the wholo performance
wns evasion and deceit dictated by
the very Interests from whoso op
pression the people of tho country
were led to expect release.
After vain attempts to pass off tho
new tariff bill as the keeping of faith,
by bad argument and stout asser
tion, it Is virtually confessed that it
was not. And tho promise to reduce
tho tariff taxes so as to glvo relief
has now been referred to a commis
sion to decide, at some future time,
whether It shall be kept or not.
Thoro Is plainly but one way open
to the voters either to administer a
rebuke or to secure redress, and that
Is by electing Democrats to repre
sent them In the making of National
t The Test of Experience.
As to myself, I should be glad to
go on with tho work In hand, be
cause of my deep Interest In It nnd
tho hope that with the knowledge
and experience I hnvo gained I could
do It better In tho future. This work
relates to stato affairs only and I
welcomo assistance from all who
agree with me on that subject, as
suring them that their present sup
port will Involve and be treated as
Involving no obligation on their part
In any other connection.
If the people bellove my opponent
can und will accomplish more for
thom, nono will bo better pleased than
I to havo them realize their expecta
tions. For thoro Is no personal wish
which I would be willing to gratify
by having Ohio mako tho slightest
halt In her upward courso.
Discussed By Pomerene In His
Canton Speech,
I deny that the Democratic
platform charges the Republi
can party with shielding and
defending grafters. What It did
say was that tho REPUBLICAN
OFFICEHOLDERS shielded and
defended grafters, and I now re
peat the charge.
Our state might be willing to
trust Harding alona, but not
Harding In companionship with
The people of Ohio can not
afford now to make a change.
A state ticket and a legisla
ture In sympathy with the Gov-,
ernor ought to be elected, and
then they should be held to
strict account at the bar of
public opinion.
The man or party who doe8
or encourages wrongs, Is not to
be trusted to right them.
If you want reformation, sure
and cortaln, vote for Democracy
under the leadership of Cover- k
nor Harmon, wnose master
mind can see the right, and who
has the courage to do the right
Prlvlleae ddes not grant fa-
vors to the public; she exacts
them from the public.
5 Remember the state of Maine
'j and take courage.
In his speech nt tho Democratic
campaign opening In his home city,
Atleo Poniorono, tho Democratic
nominee for lloutonant govornor, de
voted his time chiefly to n discussion
of business methods .In tho conduct
of public affairs, He sold;
Two years ago Democracy, undor
the leadership of Judson Harmon,
charged tho Ilopuhllcans with rxtrav
nganco and mal-udmlhlstrntlon, and
promised tho peoplo reform. Thoy
believed lilm. Ho was elected gov
ernor, nnd D. S. Creamer was elected
state treasurer. They havo given tho
best administration of their respec
tive offices tho state of Ohio has.
known In 20 years. They havo stood
for business methods. Thoy havo In
troduced economy In tho public ser
vice. They hnve kept the faith. They
havo not been -found wnntlng.
The Democracy of Ohio again
comes before the people, under their
leadership, and asks for an Indorse
ment of their work nnd a vote of con
fidence. We balance their perform
ances against Mr. Harding's prom
ises. Record of Ohio Republicanism.
Our eloquent friend from Marlon,
boasts: "Our party has written every
chapter of Ohio and national prog
ress for 50 triumphant years."
We concede that during tho last BO
years they havo been almost con
stantly In power. During all of this
tlmo evils have been growing up in
tho various departments until Homo of
them have become festering sores.
Governor Harmon's Running
mate on Democratic Ticket.
If tho Republicans claim for then
salves all tho credit for Ohio's pros
rees, they must likewise bear the re
sponsibility for the evils which have
become and are a part of our gov
ernment, unless they can be traced
to somo othor source. How can they
claim the one nnd escape the other?
For almoBt 20 years the Republi
cans have had control of the legisla
tive, executive and Judicial branches
of our state government except for
iho Tew months that Governor Pattl
ion served and the present adminis
tration of Governor Harmon, and for
B0 years have had control of the ex
ecutive and legislative offices slnco
the war, except for a period of about
10 years.
During all this time the constitu
tion and laws have required a return
of all property at Its true value. Tho
state officials, particularly the state
auditors, havo encouraged Irregulars
ties by lax administration until very
little property, unless by accident,
has been returned at its true value.
The burdens havo been unequal.
They havo weighed most heavily
upon tho farmers and the small
At the second session of the legis
lature In 1910, under the force of
public-opinion, some relief wns grant
ed. Tax bills wore. Introduced by a
Democratic member, as well as by a
Republican member. The law pro
viding for a tax commission was
passed May 10, 1910. It embodied
somo of tho suggestions of Governor
Harmon, but not all of them. A tax
commission was appointed under this
law, and though It has only been lu
existence for a comparatively few
weeks, It has already added, to tho
tax valuation of some of tho public
sorvlco corporations millions of dol
lars, and they will now be, compelled
to pay some of tho taxes which they
have heretofore escaped by reason of
tho laxness of Republican state of
ficials. Tho tax rato throughout tho stato
has varied An the sovoral localities
from 1 por cent to 7 por cent. Gov
ernor Harmon domanded that a max
imum rato of 10 mills should be pro-
'vlded for. A law has been passed
limiting tho rate to 15 mills unless in
creased by special voto of the peo
plo, and both parties havo pledged
themselves to limit 'this rata by fu
ture legislation to 10 mills.
Funds of tho State.
Undor Republican administrations
stato treasurers, without. any author
ity of lawp placed tho public funds
in prlvato banks when .they should
have been in tho stato treasury. Af
ter tho depository law was enacted,
the stato treasurer continued to, glvo
out his money to favored banks at
less rates of Interest than they wero
paying to prlVnte depositors. In 1908
this monoy was dlstrlbtucd among
li& banks. No books ofaccount
woro kept In tho treasury showing
where this money waB doposlted, or
In what amounts, nnd tho treasurer
depended wholly upon tho certificates
of deposit, letters and loose written
memoranda for His records. Thoy
refused even to let this money out at
competitive bidding until a Demo
cratic treasurer, Mr. Creamer, volun
,'. r.y-?wyy,vy .W.)Wt..fpi1 V.T iv-L p ? &
tarily called for bids. As. o result
ho now receives on nctlvc' accounts
from 2.5 per cent to 2.BG por cent In
terest, where his predecessor rocolv
cd only 1.5 per cent Interest; and on
Innctlvo accounts ho now receives at
tho rate of 3.1 to 4.1 per cent, whero
hla predecessor received only 2.5 per
cent, nnd yet when tho governor
asked tho Republican general assem
bly to provldo that competitive bid
ding for the state's funds should bo
compulsory, his recommendation was
During the yenr 1909, with an aver
ago dally balance of $97,584.11 less
than It was during the fiscal year
1908, the state has realized $20,284.80
moro Interest than It did during the
year 1908.
Suits are now pending undor tho
direction of the governor to collect
328,506 Interest received on public
funds by former treasurers, and not
accounted for to tho state. It Is an
old principle of law that tho trustee
can not personally benefit by his
trust, nnd It is confidently expected
that tho recipients of these large
sums will be compelled to disgorge.
Really Something New.
Qreat frauds have been discovered
ln'tho department of public printing,
and nt least one offender Is now pay
ing the penalty In the penitentiary.
The board of public work's seems
to be honeycombed with extravrf
gance, If with nothing worse, and wo
nro confident thnt the searchlight of
truth will show more In this behalf
than the public Is aware. f
And yet Mr. Harding says tho
Democratic administration has dono
"nothing new or worth while." It
may be "nothing new or worth
while" to suggest reform In taxation
measures to a Republican legislature
when that party has control of nil of
thg departments of government.
It may be "nothing now or worth
while" to call the attention of Re
publican officials to the burdens of
taxation, but It Is something "new
nd worth while" to have a Demo
tratlc administration force a reform
of this character through a Republi
can legislature bo as to grant some
relief to the peoplo. .
It may bo "nothing new or worth
whllo" to Republican politicians t
discover the prevalence of graft In the
administration of public offices and
to have Republican officials enrich
themselves at public expense, but It
Is something "new and worth while"
to have the grafters brought to Jus
tice' and to compel them to disgorge
the part of the people's monoy which
they have placed in their own pock
ets. It may be "nothing new or worth
while" for the Republican party to
know that public funds should bear
Interest for the benefit of tho publlo
and not for tho benefit of tho publlo
officer or favored banks, but It Is
something "new and worth while" to
the peoplo of Ohio to havo this doc
trine recognized and enforced.'
It may be that It is "nothing new
or worth while" for a Ropubllcau
candidate or official to see and to
know of the excessive expenditures
and salaries in -the board of publlo
works of the state, but It Is something
"new and worth while" to the, publlo
to know these things and to have a
Democratic chief engineer In that de
partment corerct thom.
Offending Corporations.
The best paragraph in Mr. Har
ding's speech reads:
"Then when a corporate officer
transgreeses the law send him to
prison. No corporate offense was
ever committed but there was
associated therewith a human of
fender, and Imprisonment 'will
prove ten times as efficient as
political .threats or confiscatory
This sounds strangely familiar. It
reminds one of the language of Jud
son Hnrmoiiwhen. ho was examining
into the rebato charges of tho Santa
Fe Bystem, and President Roosevelt,
In order to protect his friend Paul
Morton, who had confessed openly to
rebating, wanted tho corporations to
bo held responsible for the criminal
offenses of Its officers or agents in
stead of holding the -Individuals re
responslblc. Govornor Harmon wrote
President Roosevelt these words:
"They (the corporations) can
not be Imprisoned and punish
ment by fines Is not only Inade
quate, but reaches the real cut.
prlt lightly, If at all. The evils
with which we are now confront
ed are corporate in name and In
dividual In fact. Guilt Is always
Republican Officials Shield Grafters.
Mr. Harding resents (to quote bis
own language) "the mendacious
charge In tho Democratic platform of
.Ohio that the Republican party
shielded and defended grafters." I
deny that the platform charges the
Republican party with shloldlng and
defending grafters. What It did say
HOLDERS shielded and defended
grafters, and I now repeat the
In 1906, when' a committee of tho
senato attompted nn Investigation
Into the affairs of Cincinnati, it was
a Republican state auditor who stop
ped tho proceedings by refusing to
pay tho vouchers for expenses, but
this was not stopped until sufficient
had developed to show that tho coun
ty treasurer had received $214,998.70
as "gratultleB" from banks In which
ho had deposited public funds and
wns compolled to pay it back Into
tho county.
Again In 1908, after the public had
been thoroughly nrouscd by tho par
tial Investigation which had been
mado In 1906, a Joint resolution pass
id tho general assembly providing
or another Investigation Into affairs
. k.At&V&.
IV- -fck-J u-h-xj. .viva.4V--

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