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The Democratic banner. (Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, February 18, 1913, Image 1

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11.60 PIE Y1AR
MT. VIBNON, 0., TUESDAY, f EBRUAET 18, 1913-No. 14
mtailmhid lm
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Calls Special Cabinet Meeting To
Discuss Intervention
MHiffreits Slush Trwe-Americii fievenieit, Des-
, ptte Alarming lufsmation From Tie Scene Of
Strife, taolves Mot Je Interfere At This Stage Of
Tie levolt Note Dlspitcliei To PresMeit Nadero
y Taft Awl His Mvisers
Washington, Feb. 17. Vaflnwiu-., ,
iHana tones from Mexico hat the ar
safcUloo between the federals and the
rebels had been broken and that light
tea; had 'csumed, President Taft
sailed a . l meeting of the cabi
net to uIbcurs the question ot inter
vention. Tlio .et-o.A. from Mexico City
that the urinisiKOhad been declared
oK and that hostilities had been re-
' tamed caused uImm interest amony
the cabinet ofllcera. Prior to the cafe
lmet confurencoj President Taft had
-oea cloaked with Secretary of State
Kaox for an hoar-and a halt. How
ever, despite the alarming Informa
tion that Ims continued to come 'into
Washington for the last two days, not
a member of tho president's cabinet
favored intervention.
. Most of tho official family, believe
that the Mexican factions will settlo,
their own troubles and are of the
opinion that interference by the Unit
ed States Is unnecessary.
Ir. Knox laid before the president
along resuiuo of reports from Mexico
City from Ambassador Wilson, pictur-
tag la detail the revolt of Diaz and
the efforts of Madero to suppress it.
The armistice which was broken
waa arranged betwoen the rebels and
federals at 2 o'clock Sunday morning
"aid was supposed to be effective until
' o'clock Monday night. The terms
wyre agreed to by both President Ma
dera and Ocuoral Felix Diaz. "The
' truce was broken several hours after
It was arrnngod and a desperate, bat
Me was bosun.
Sharp Note to Madero.
A note to President Madero was
drafted and, was sent to him at once.
The note is on tho reply to numerous
massages from Madero ' inquiring of
President Taft aB to the authenticity,
of reports current in Mexico City that
the United States was determined on
intervention in Mexico. The note to
President Madero sets forth tho pol
ity of non-intervention adopted by
President Taft with regard to Mexico
and that this policy will be continued.
the uoto also assures, Madero that no
troops have boon, moved by the Unit
eft (Kales and that no more warships
have been ordered to Mexican waters.
At the sume time, President Taft
took advantage of his direct commu
" BKatlon with President Madero to
warn him again, that the United
States still insists on .proper precau
ttoaa being tuken for the protection
of American life arid property' in
Mexico and looks to him as the head
of the estnhllshod government in
Mexico to take such steps aa will as-.
the safety1 of American interests.
Ftfhtlng Rssumad Betwatn Forces of
Madero and Diaz.
Mexico City Feb. It The 24-hour
trace, between the forces of Madero
and Diaz was broken yesterday after
Boon, when General Diaz discovered
that the federals were digging en
trenchments and advancing heayy
guns. Tho rebel commander Immedi
ately turned his maximss 'upon the
Maderistas, holding that the president
bad violated tho armistice, "which was
to have lasted until 8 p. m. last night.
Until aftiir noon the streets were
crowded, There w,as feverish actlv
itjr OltlzeiiH EtatfKered under burdens
"at food and clothing which they were
removing to; places of rofuge. Tho
WeU-to-doi were, able to olitalu cash
from the banks and .there was. more
moeey 'lit clrculattoir than has been
seen la tlio capital for eight 'days.
m.. ..... .! ii i-,
' Th Kreatesf bbba of, ailWM 'thd
He Regrets His Letter to Pres
ident Taft Was Made Public
F4Hak ISbW'wiI'
BxmsW,ikT3W tTlmi i
it, TTi..""".'ffciI'i-k iry ' "'. '1
'W4V .fc"4rf- t!Ml4
PhutciH by Auurlfun I'ichu AHBOulutlon
llppu- picture xhown two tyiM uf Runn
UkiI l' tbo iflx'ln and what llui unner
louk like. At tlie left In tlltn plcmre In
ii up to ilate machlnfi sun unci at the
lislit Hn old Ntyln muzzlo louder. Ilottom
picture hIiowh a strtL't buttle In Mexico:
Tha man In tho center l John Uarrvtt,
dfitc'tiir of tlixl'an-Amerlcan union, which
la vuppoilH) by the twenty-one republics
of North unt South America unci tho Car-IbhtM-iin,
win wrote io President Tuft pro'
potlnv; plan of tndlatlun.
pportnnity which was given to th-s
Red .and White CrosB and to volun
teer nanltury organizations to remavo
from the streets such thinks as im
periled health and wore In a way t
produce pestilence. For a week the
situation has been Indescribable Tho
40. acroB of tlta Alameda were, strewn
with the bodies of horses. The fed
eral cavalry had used the park tor
blvotiuvs and their position had drawn
.destructive shelling from the arsenal
In manr of. the principal streets
tho -bodies of soldiers and citizens had
lain for days buried under the wreck
age of bulldfngs. In San Juan de I.u
teraiiKtfeet 20 federals had been killed
n Friday by (he explosion of a shell
In a warehouse, where the men' were
auartisre'd, The volunteers, made ui:
of Mexicans, directed by American,
Spanish and German doctorB; wnr'i
able to remove' many of those uodlos
and to lesson to some extent the peril
nt iinuiinn
- -' i
Great heaps of garbage were burn-
ed In the streets and in the public
square. Sanitation exports examined
tho water supply for the purposo ot
eclug whether or not It had been
None but1 one who has witnessed
tho horrors of the ,paBt weok can ap
preciate tlie extent of tho public re
joicing when It became known early
this morning that a truce, had boon
declared by mutual couuont of th"
combatants, For seven days, a city of
Koo.ooo neoolo had tndurnd wnrf.tru
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Here arq two pictures of prominent
buildings In the center of the City of
Mexico and within the trouble zone
during the fighting around the Nation
had-dueled at a range of from four to
20 city blocks, sweeping the Dnent
streets of tlio city with their sln.-lls.
Night and day the people were alarm
ed by tho tcrrlllc roar of the cannon
ading ami were driven from quarter
to quarter as the zone of fighting ex
tended, All classes suffered. Tho
wealthy, whose homes were in tho
centor of the city were in no better
case than the unfortunates of tho red
light district. Dozens of fine man
sions were wrecked or burned. Soma
of tho most, ornamental bulldlngu of
the cupltul will hnvo to be rebuilt at
enormous expense In tho mad war
fare in the heart of n, great city, nei
ther Madoro nor Dia'z counted tho
Over a Thousand Dead.
A conservative ostlmate placeB the.
number of dead In the week's tlghtluK
at 1,000 and tho number of wounded
at more than l.tiOO. This Includes citi
zens and foreign residents as, well as
soldiers. The Maderistas were by iar
the heaviest losers. Diaz lost prob
ably SO killed and 200 wounded. The
federal troops, because of their hojio-.
less frontal attacks on the arsenal in
the faco of deadly machine-gun fire,
lost probably COO In killed and 1,000
lu wounded.
One familiar with the capital could
hardly recognize its principal street
after seven days of bombardment.
The armistice was brought through
the energetic efforts of the American
ambassador, Henry Lano Wilson; the
British minister, Francis W. Strougo;
the German minister, Baron Von
Hlii'"", and the Spanish envoy, Senor
Most of the night was spent by tho
frirolgn representatives In conference
over the situation. Mr. Wilson nud
his colleagues discussed the advisabil
ity of removing tho embassies farther
from the seat of tiring.
Tho foreign
uiliiiEtnrK nerecd thnt a neutral zone
i" .. : .... ...... i
Should he estauijsncn, unu decided to
suggest to, Diaz and Madero" that they
agree not to lire upon nor to place
guns wlttiln any district "where non
combatants had taken refuge.
There was a Utter fettling In tho
capital tgday ns a result of Pr!e6ji"ht'
Tnft's aiitimineomcnt tliut them woild
ho no Intorventlou at tills tl?no. Thi'
Amcrienn 'nmhuendnr's' d t,l!.l -of tij
niois that were gjver. en'frt"nce bv
(Jonerul f'Mnneho" apd' mar.y,. vl the
'semttoVs had u, if-ed eflr.ct. . ' '
tn.im jvq- t.ytuWr'Jethf HA
than ivi)) ffeiJti'tu'A'r'i'fJit liAi')li
al palace. The cathedral Is within a
block of the building from which Presl
dtnt Madero has been directing his
campaign, and the building of the de
Wwhlnston. Feu. IWohn llarrett.
director general of the Pan-Amerlcau
nnlen, lesued a statement announcing
that he had expressed to President
Taft and Secretary of Stain Knox his
regret thnt they hail mado public liia
plan for solving tho Mexican situation
by a Pan-American commission of
mediation before consulting them.
Mr. Barrett declared that there is
no bad feeling between tho statu de-
Masslllon. O., Fcb..i7. "To glvn
stale Institutions the, power of storll
Icing Insane or foeblo-mlndcd patients
ur those with criminal tendencies
would be placing a dangerous weapon
V) their hands which "often might be
misused," is the opinion of Dr. Oral
J. Tatje, acting head of the Masslllon
state hospital. Ho does not favor tho
Cowan sterilization bill, now pendlu
In tho general assembly.
TfarnenvIHe. O., Fjab, U.Kniest
Corftnir wart s.tabhod fatally In a fight
,!tnwd by a m'oro"'of tricolors at
Aia iifiUlintre & Ohio statlou hero.
IVlSx A'C:inia la held for tho cutting,
Itima w,ca' takin to hospital at
Wbh'Ung, where physiclana say ho
partment of foreign relations, whlci
compares to the state department In
the United States, is only a few blocks
ont md lh(J Vnu.AmaTlxwl
unlmt )mt that tlQ acMvUleB ot tno
,!ltter lm(J grown so grcnt j tho )ast
few years that a "good-natured rival
ry" has arisen. He adds:
"My record as United States mln
ister to three Latln-Amerlcau coun
tries and as executive ofllcer of tlio
Pan-American union should convince
the most fdiuptlcal that I cued In
method rather than In motive."
Ada, O., Fob. 17. As a climax It
tho long-standing friction between Dr.
Albort Kdwln Smith, president of the
Dhlo Northern university, and Grnuk
letter fraternities, five of which ur-.
represented among the student body,
the entlro membership of the local
chapter of a fraternity, numbering 25,
has been expelled. Among the mom
hern are the captain-elect of the col
lege bnscbull mid football teams, one
oUlcor of tho cadet battalion, a college
professor, tho postmaster ot Ada, and
Dr, Henry S. Lehr, founder of thq uni
versity. Flying Fiih.
There were flylnjr llsh ages before
thore worn birds. Plying lllies, sny
the folic ali'.nit southern seas, uro Iho
perfection of all eating llsu-im solid
as beef, but tender and melting us a
luiuaun. Filers ho glut the wat.trs
wliidwnrrtwlw.' tllnt they are used. a-
miiuure In lhii'liadus.
"Will your dog bite ua?"
"I, shouldn't bo surprised, miss. 'D'a
got n oncommon Bwcct tooth," Ion
Son Opinion.
Wilson Would lot Leealize Or
Recognize Monopoly.
Ha Declares, In Referring to the
Tariff, That the Matter of Major
Importance la Getting the Grip of
Special Interests Off tha Throat of
Congress Oyster. Bay Statesman's
Plan of Benevolent Justice Spurned.
New York, Feb. 17, Woodrow Wil
ton's latest book, "The New Free
dom," appears today with the first
message ever delivered to the Ameri
can people by a president-elect on ths
evo ot his Inauguration. It is an
avowal of faith and a declaration ot
Intention on the part of the man who,
In two weeks, will be the, first Demo
cratic chief executive the country will
have had in 1C years.
One of the most Interesting chap
ters deals with the program of Col
onel Theodore Roosevelt and tils
Progressive followers, and Mr. Wilson
analyzes it carefully and concludes
that the basis of the Roosevelt plan
is the recognition and legalization ot
monopoly, which It proposes to con
vert into benevolence and philanthro
py. Ho declares that "you can not
use monopoly In order to serve a free
people," and warns Progressives Re
publicans that they are being deluded.
Mr.iWllson's great faith In his coun
trymen to solve the problems which
confront them Is shown in the final
words of his chapter on "Life Comes
From the Soli." "The great Ameri
can people;" says Mr. Wilson, "is at
bottom Just, virtuous and hopeful, the
Toots of- its- being, are In tho soilof
what is lovely, pure and of good re
port, and the need of the hour is Just
that radicalism that will clear, a way
for tho realization ot the aspirations
of a sturdy race."
Concerning his doctrine ot publicity
to which ho referred In many of his
campaign speeches, this quotation
from Mr. Wilson's book Is typical:
"Publicity Is one of the purifying
elements of politics. The best thing
that you can do with anything that Is
crooked Is to lift It up where people
can see thnt It Is crooked, and then
It will cither straighten itself out or
disappear. Nothing checks all the
bad practices of politics like public
exposure. You can't be crooked in
tho llsht."
Getting down to brass tacks on the
subject of the tariff, Mr. Wilson de
clares: Tariff and Trusts.
"What we are Interested In first of
all with regard to tho tariff is setting
the grip of special interests off the
throat of congress. We do not pro
pose that special Interests shall any
longer camp In the rooms of the com
mittee, on ways and means of the
bouse and tho llnuuce committee ot
the senate. We mean that those shall
be places whore tho people of the
United States shall come and bo rep
resentd In order that everything may
be done In the general Interest and
not In the Interest ot particular
groups of persons who already domi
nate the industries and the industrial
development of this country."
In dealing with the Roosevelt pro
gram under "benevolence or Justice,"
Mr. Wilson lashes the plan and de
clares that tho doctrine that "monop
oly Is Inevitable and that the only
course open to tho people of tho Unit
ed States Is to submit to and regulate
It" found a champion during the cam
paign ot 1012 In the new party or
branch 6f the Republican party found
ed under the leadership ot Mr. Roose
velt, with tho conspicuous aid of
George W. Perkins, organizer of tho
steel trust and the harvester trust."
Speaking of the platform, Mr. Wil
son continues:
"It did not condemn monopoly ex
cept in words; its essential meaning
was that the trusts have been bad and
must bo mado good. The fundamen
tal part of such a program is that the
trusts shall be recognized as a per
manent part of our economic order,
and that the government shall try to
make trusts tho ministers, tho instru
mens through which the life ot thta
country shall be Justly and happily
developed on Its Industrial side. Now
everything that touches our lives
sooner or later goes back to the in
dustries which sustain our; lives. I
do not want to live under a philan
thropy. I do not want to be takou
caro of by tho government, either di
rectly or by any instruments through
which tho government Is acting, I
want only to have right and Justice."
He tvij'i laias st Is an Bagltsk
ttMo. ,AcmA&, Titfwr,
Efftrts Being Maie ly Mk
Julie I napi Urginc MediatiM
la hremen's Dispute.
President Carter of the Brotherhood
Intimates Sharp Practices In Dial
ings Between the Railroads and
Locomotive Engineers Considers.
Vie Award In the Case a Mlrth-Pro-voker
Latest Developments.
New York, Feb. 17. Judge Martln
A. Knapp of the interetato commerce
eoart, who with Acting United SUtes.
Labor Commissioner G. W. Hangar Is.
tryiag by mediation to avert the
threatened strike of the firemen on
the eastern railroads, returned to this
city and continued his efforts to bring
about a peaceful solution of tho tan
gle. The strike ordej, which was. to
have been sen out at midnight on
Friday to go Into effect at midnight;
Sunday, Is still held In abeyance.
Commissioner Hangar said that
they had not yet given up nope. Hn
declared that Judge Knapp did not go
to Washington for tho purposo ot
talking to any government officials on
the strike situation.
At tho conclusion ct a meeting of
the firemen's organization here, Pres
ident, Carter of ,the, Drotherhood of
Locomotive 'Firemen and Enginemcn:
gave but the following statement:
"With rejeard to the published state-,
saents by the railroad companies,,
wherein it is said that the engineers,
are satisfied and have been benefttedc
by arbitration under railroads' plan,
and the railroads have paid one mil
lion dollars in back pay, etc., I am
advised by Grand Chief Stone of the
Brotherhood of locomotive Engineers
that, while it has been 10 months
since they agreed to arbitrate and
seven months since the hearings
were closed and given to the arbitra
tion board for a decision, the award
ot that hoard has not been put in ef
fect, except qn one railroad, and it
has been found necessary to request
the engineers' arbitration board to
again meet and finally decide what,
they really did mean by the award
that they handed down. This should
convince all of the deception belmt
practiced upon tho public through the
statements that arc being sent out by
telegraphic news agencies throughout
the country, wherein It Is represented
that great sums of money have been,
paid to the engineers because of their
He supplemented this by saying
that both the ctdnecrs and tho rail
roads could find something to laugh
at in tho award In '.ho cane of the on
gincers. The latctr would not hav.
agreed to that kind ot arbitration, he
said, If they hod been able to guess.
at Its outVonie. "nut." he continued,
'having agreed to abldo by tho result
ot the awnrd, they accepted thelv
medicine like good sports, without
grumbling." ,
Kllsba Lee, chairman of the confer
ence committee ot the railroads, said
after the meeting of the committee
that the railroads had no statement
to make pending tho conference with
the two government mediators today.
El Paso, Tex., Feb. 17. Edgar
Lunt, a Mormon, arrived hero from
Pearson, Chihuahua, and reported tho
robftls burning all bridges on tho Mex
ican Northwestern in that section.
and threatening to burn tho big lum
ber mills of the Canadian-English con
corn at PiorEon. Lunt advlsod fae.
local colony of Mormon refugees to.
send automobiles to bring out every
ferson of their faith 'In any or th9
colonies, Ho confirmed tho complete'
destruction by fire, applied by th1)
rebels, ot the Mormon colony of Diaz,
ordinarily a community ot 700 people,.
1 .71
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