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i""". twmM it Ifctmtr $1,60 PER YEAR MT. VERNON, 0., FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1919 No. 55 Established 1838 mm v i WILSON 'LEAGUE OF FREE NATIONS A ADDRESSES THE SENATE M '.1 rv. Ihf k (w '.142 HOT IN PRESEHTI WE PEflGE TREATY President Wilson Cheered By The Large Crowd In The Gal leries Today As He Entered The Senate Chamber To Present The Peace Treaty To The United States Con gress; President Says 'League -of Nations The Only Hope For Success In Settling The Most Difficult Problems' (BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TO THE BANNER) WASHINGTON, July 30 President Wilson in pre senting the peace treaty with Germany, to the senate to day declared that "a league of free nations had become a practical necessity, to which the Trainers of the treaty felt obliged to turn to as an indispensable instrumentality for the maintenance of the new order that has been their pur pose to set up to the world." "j;ilc most skeptical of the peace conferees at Paris," the president said, "had turned more' and more towards the legauc as discussion progressed, in seeking the solu tions that arose in framing the terms of the treaty itself. "The fact that the covenant of the league Avas the first substansive part of the treaty to be worked out and agreed upon," the president said, "while all else was in solution, helped to make the formulation of the rest easier." President Wilson's address, which required forty minutes to deliver, was almost wholly devoted to the league of nations. Isolation Ended "America's Isolation," the president aid. "ended twenty, years ago yflth the close of .the, war with Spain, and America's selfish motives also closed at that time." "There can be nb question of our ceasing to be a world power," he said, "the only question is whether wo can refuse the morale leadership that is offered us; "whether wo shall accept or reject the confidence of the world." Question Answered The war and the poace conference, in his opinion, the president said, had already answered this question,' and nothing but our mistaken action can alter it. After the end of the great war, the president said, ovory onllght. ened judgmont demanded that at whatever cost of independent action, every government that took part for its people, or for justice or for order ed freedom, should lend itself to the now purpose and utterly destroy the old order of international politics. Statesmen might see difficulty in accomplishing this purpose, the presi dent continued, but the people could see none and cpuld brook no donial. League Only Hope The league of nations, ho added, was not merely an instrument to ad just and remedy tho old wrongs un der a now troaty of peace, but It was tho only hope of mankind. "It had not been easy," tho presi dent said, "to graft tho now order of ideas on tho old, and fruits of the grafting, I fear, for a -time will bo bit ter." "But with very few exceptions," ho ndded, "tho men who sat with us at the peace tablo desired as sincoroly as wo did to got away from tho bad influence, the illegitimate purpose which grow out of tho sinister de signs, of Gormany." Given An Ovation President Wilson was givon an ova tion when he entered the sonato chamber, and when ho concluded his address, but he was not Interrupted during the reading. Senators, diplomats nud crowded galleries followed him, closely. Presents Treaty After concluding his address, tho president formally presented tho treaty to tho sonato and tho official copy was immediately referred" to tho senato foroigu rotations committee and rushed to tho printers bo that it might be in the hands of the printors In tho shortest possible time. Fifty thousand copies of tho troaty and of the president's address havo been or dered by the senate. ' " Another Report Later President Wilson submitted to tho senato only the treaty containing the league of nations. The proposed sup Irenty, iiiulor which Iho piuimmiiiij United States ugiees to go to the aid R 1 S N of Franco in caso of un unprovoked attack by Gormany on that country, will bo presented to tho senate at a later date. President Explains Mr. Wllbon is preparing a soparato address to the senate explaining , this agreement. Mr. Wilson's purpose to presont tho poace traety separately was indicated as being that his time thus far had been devoted entirely to tho preparing of his address and tho troaty with Gormany and that tho op portunity has been lacking to prepare a similar explanation of tho pact with France. France Will Be Hurt Mr. Wilson told correspondents that tho treaty with Franco was' designed lor tho protection of France until such a timo as this special guarantoo would no longer bo needed because of tho protection afforded all nations by tlib lcaguo of nations. Mr. Wilson had tho impression that tho Fronch people would be cut to tho heart if the United States did not ap prove tho spociail treaty. Mr. Wilson said tho agreemont on the covenant had given the conferees a feoling that their work was to bo pormanont and that the most prac tical among them were at least the most ready to refer to the league of nations as tho superintendent of all interests which did not admit of im mediate determination and of all ad- rmlnibtrativc problems which were to require a continual oversight. What had seemed a council of per fection, the president said, had como to seem' a plain council of necessity. Tho leaguo of nations was tho practi cal statesmen's hopo of success in many of tho most difficult problems ho was attempting. When the president entered thp oonato chnmbor escorted by a com mlttoc of senators, tho crowded gal lories roso and cheered tor a minute in disregard of senate rulos. Tho president, mounting to Vice Presi dent Marshall's seat, spoko briefly with tho vico president as tho cheer ing continued, punctuated with robol yells. Received Senators Aftor concluding his address, tho prosident wont to his room near Uio sonato chambor whoro ho remained nearly an hour lecelving senators and representatives and discussing tho treaty with thorn. Whllo the prosldont was thus on gaged, Itepubllcan leader's cpnferrod In tho reprosontntlvo cloak rooms. Those attending tho session Included Senators Borah, Lodge, DInegeo, Full and McCormack. Nearly every Democratic senator visited the president. Senator Kenyon, of Idaho, was tho only Republican senator to call, and he merely exchanged greetings. KOSTORIA, July 10 Thieves stole Goorgo Hampshire' locked uuloino- bile last night und got away with It. VICE PRESIDENTENCOlRAGES THE wPBrirliilifWrHMIff"""1"8! ITT T i TT VrliMWMwKlM TwTnm W W Vice President Marshall, addressing mey wiii rencn a memocrwun or a center boys. or tiie picture with ins nana on K.. .. HEROES WILL BE AT COLUMBUS SATURDAY COLUMBUS, O., July 10 (Spec ial to The Banner) Cold medals commemorating their valorous deeds will be presented to Sergt. Alvln C. York, terror of the Ger man army, and Commander A. H. Reed of the "NC-5, trans-Atlantic aerial pathfinder, when the two great heroes come to the Method ist centenary exposition here Sat urday. York and Reed will deliver speeches In the coliseum. IS DISCONTINUED One Exception To The Order ;Is Canip Serman At Chilli cothe, Ohio. fUy Associated Trear to The rinnnnrl WASHINGTON, July 10 Comply ing with tho terms of tho army bill awaiting tho president's signature, Secretary Baker has issued Instruc tions for iho discontinuance of all army construction work and tho pur chase of real estate lor aviation fields and balloon and air service schools. The one exception to tho order is tho oxteptlon of Camp Shorman, Ohio. R THEPJBER Y CLEVE CE Raid Conducted Under New Criminal Syndicalism Law In That City. fBv Associated Prrss to Tim RaniiTl CLEVELAND, July 10 In their first raid under tho now law directed againbt criminal .syndicalism, Loyal Amorlcan League mombcrs nnd detec tives yesterday arrested C. 13. Rutheu- burg, secretary of tho Socialist paity searchod tho headquarters, and solzed all tho lltoraturo and flics, including a numbor of pamphlets haired fiom tho malls during tho war. Carl Hackor, recording secretary, also was arrested. Tho men woro charged with violating tho Frpoman law. Tlioy wcio roleafacd on bond. It convicted tho men faco a maximum lino of flvo thousand olllars and ton years' Im prisonment. YOUTH MUST DIE IN CHAIR OCTOBER 17 fUy Assoclntcd Pre-a to Tlio Hunnerl CINCINATI, July 10 Jacob Ed Ingor, 2D yeais old, convicted of mur der in tho first degreo In connection with tho killing of William Tltio, wealthy baker, was sentenced to dlo in tho electric chair on Octpber 17, by Common Pleas Judgo John A. Cald well lato yesterday. Edward Ness was sontencod to die October 1C and four men are to bo tried "on Indictments charging them with having helped In tho murder of Tlile while attempting to rob him at his home several weeks ago. concn IK 6 NABBED Ml 1X1 . the boy scout "flying circus" on the minion to am in comnntine hoiMievlBin. .... . . .. ins nip. several members of the senate SEIflW BORAH OEIiSltTTEfi IN A HESQL UTiON - Also Wants Information From President Wilson Con cerning liaps ' Resolution Goes To Foreign Relations Committee -WithfHtteWte4 V ... By Associated Previ to The Bannorl WASHINGTON, July 10 Under a resolution introduced today by Sen ator Borah, Republican, of Idaho, President Wilfaon would be asked to send the senato a copy of tho letter declared to havo been written by Gen eral Casper II. Bliss on behalf of him self, Secretary -Lansing and Henry Whlto, protesting ngainst the decis ion of the peace conference regarding Shantung. Tho resolution, which wont to tho senato foreign relations committee without debate, would also ask for In formation in regaid to tho alleged attempt on the part of tho Japanese delegates to tho peaco conference to intimidate the Chineso delegates. DIRIGIBLE R-34 ON HER RETURN JOURNEY ACROSS THE ATLANTIC By Associated Press to The Bannirj WASHINGTON, July 10 The British dirigible R-34 was 345 ml. due east from New York, on her return trip to Scotland, at 8:10 Washingtn time, according to a radio message to the navy de partment. COVERS 630 MILES fBy Associated Press 10 The Hannen WASHINGTON, July 10 Tho R-31 had covered 630 miles, twelvo hours aftor she loft Ro'osovolt field on her leturn trip to England, according to a iadio messago received from Com mander Scott this afternoon, who re ported that nil wns woll. SHERIFF SELLS BOOZE; S FID I GOVE LANSING, Mich., July 10 Gover nor Sleopor yc3teuiay ordored tlfo re moval fiom olllco of' Sheriff Josopii J. B.ililoy of Mom oo county on tho Ohio-Michigan boundary lino. Bairloy appeared botore tho governor boveral weeks ago to answer charges by Stat9 Food and Drug Commissioner Woodworth that ho failed properly to enforce tho state prohibition laws and that ho sold n quuntity-ot confiscated liquor. The removal was based on tho latter chaigo. YOUNGSTOWN, July' 10 Three pei sons weie seriously Injured last night when a motorcycle collided with a truck. H BOY SCOUTS steps of the capltol, declared he hoped The vice nrrs rlont In nt fhr. loft -.-.- .-. ...v.w.. and house helped him receive the OHIO BRIEFS NEWARK, July 10 A dog belong ing to Mn. Frank Barnes of Madison township killed a large copperhead snake and probably saved the lives of two young children who were playing in the grass near by. ELYIUA, July 10 Theodore Ken dig, 3, fell into a horse trough at his father's home and was drowned. SANDUSKY, July 10 Over 1.000 barrels of beer were emptied into Sandusky bay today to avoid payment of $6 per barrel revenue. PORT CLINTON, July Three pris oners escaped from jail here last uighttiAjrovyard of 50 has .been of fered for their, -arrest? t i , , TIFFIN, July 10 Tiffln has a sugar shortage. The few retailers who have supplies are rationing it out to cus tomers. CEDAIt POINT, July 10 Seventy five members aro here attonding the annual com cut Ion of the Ohio Loan asrociation. SANDUSKY, July 10 Augusta Miscky, seamstress, was caught in an elevator in a department store and her head was crushed. YOUNGSTOWN, July 10 Mahon ing county is awarded a captured Ger man cannon for activity in the Liber ty Loan campaigns. I1M THE FQRD TRIAL IBy Associated Press to Tho Banner MT. CLEMENS, Mich., July 10 Colonel B. n. McCormick, president of tho Tribune company, of Chicago, which is being suqd for $1,000,000 by Henry Ford on a charge of libel, was on tho witness tsand practically all of yesterday's session of court. Mr. Ford and his son, Edsel, aio expected to testify today. Tho publisher disclosed an excel lent momory and developed a strain of tlio utmost blandncss when a fow barcastic questions were flung at him by Attorney William "Lucking, of Ford counsel. Incidentally, It came out that tho colonol and his cousin, Captain Jo soph Medill rattorson, associate ed itor of tho paper, nt ono tlmo found themselves drawing less money front the Trlbuno paid salaries of Its cm- ordlnatefc. Mr. Lucking adduced that while th oTrlbuno paid salaries of its em ployes who wont to -militia oncamp ments, or to tho Mexican border in 1916. tho practice was not followed In tho European war. PRESIDENT EBERT HAS SIGNED BILL fBv Associated Pi ess to The Rannfrl BEItLIN, July 10 Piesldcnt Ebert signed the bill latlfying the treaty of peace nt S o'clock last night. The tieaty Is now on Us vvuy to Versailles. M'tlMICK HEARD PREST. WILSON IS GRflTIHED THAT TREATY OF PEACE HAS BEEHBATIFIEOBYTHE HUNS The President Now Feels That many Should Begin At Earliest Possible Moment, For Without Trade Germany Could Not Meet The Repara tion Demands Made Upon Her; President Also Dis cusses Other Important Matters With The Newspaper Men. (BY THE ASSOCIATED PRES8 TO THE BANNER) WASHINGTON, July 10 President Wilson confer ring with newspaper correspondents at the White House today indicated tbtft lie was extremely gratified that the treaty oi' peace had been ratified by the German national assembly in such -a short time. He felt that trade relations with Germany and the as sociated nations should begiu at the earliest possible mo ment for without trade Germany could not meet the repar ation demands made upon her. It wasMnade clear that the troops should be maintain ed in Germany until the Germans had complied with ail the military terms of the treaty. It was pointed out that there were still several millions of veteran soldiers in Ger many and munition for them The Germans havo from one to four months to deliver all material except that which is sufficient for the re duced German army as provided ia the peace treaty, and the president believes that it is advisable to 'leave 'American troops on the Rhine until the Germans deliver tho aforesaid material. Discussing the peace treaty and the league of nations covenant, the presi dent said that the covenant will be in every treaty negotiated at Versailles, including that one with Bulgaria, with which country the United States nev er was at war. In regarding the Flume situation. TRACTION LINE IS ORDERED TO QUIT Canton-Massillon Road Must Remove Tracks By Order of County Commissioners. fBv Asxoclated Press to Th Banner CANTON, July 10 The Northern Ohio Traction Company is ordered to discontinue operations on the Canton Massillon road within ten days and to remove its tiacks within 30 days, in a resolution adopted by the Stark county commissioners yesterday. The resolution sets forth the allega tion that the company has no legal right to operato on tho road and de clares that tho entire width of the road is needed for vehicles and pedes trians. Tho prosocuting attorney is author ized to start an ouster suit in tho btate suprfcmo court if tho company falls to vacato the highway. L rBy Associated Press to The Manner) LONDON, July 10 Notwithstand ing strong opposition by tho govern ment, a house of commons committee today adopted, by a vote of 15 to 12, a clause in the alien bill restricting the employment of aliens in Great Britain. " LINEMEN WIN STRIKE FINDLAY, July 10 After ten days of idleness, 75 striking Central Un ion Telephone Company construction workmen returned to work here Wed nesday, when the company agreed to give them a percentage of their, de mands for a 42 percent wage increase and to arbitrate the matter of pay ing the remainder. LIENS Elf 0M NT Trade Relations With Ger to operate. the president said that in the treaty of London the city of Flume was giv en to Croatia, and that Italy did not lay claim to it when the treaty was signed. ' The president made it clear that de mobilization of the American army would depend upon the military con ditions enacted by Germany and whea the treaty as ratified by the varlowt -governments. Mr. Wilsoif feels that the United States must play a generous part in the reconstruction of Europe, but he believes this must be done by estab lishing some sound basis of credit and not by direct government aid. OFFICIALLY NOTIFIED OF THE RATIFICATION iBr Associated Press to The Banner VERSAILLES, July 10 Official no tification of the ratifying of tho peace treaty by the German national assem bly was given the peaco"'delegates hero today. ,177, Taxes And Other Revenues Than Borrowed Money Take Care of the War Cost Br Associated Press to The Banner WASHINGTON, July 10 The war cost vhe United States ?30,177,000,000 up to June 30, 1019. Secretary Glass mado this estimate in submitting to the congressional ap propriations committees the prelimi nary statements of the treasury on tho condition of tho nation's finances. Ho arrived at the estimate by sub tracting tho average peace-time ex penses for tho same length of timo, at tho rate of $1,000,000,000 annually, from the total expenditures, ?32,427, 000,000, during the war. Taxes and other revenues than bor rowed money took care of $9,384,000, 000, or about 29 per cent of tho war cost. The remainder came from Lib erty Bonds and Victory Note Issues and savings stamps. New issue of bonds, Mr. Glass said, nill not be necessary "before tho ma turity" or redemption of (ho victory notes," which havo four years to run. Whllo it is impossible to estimato the expenses to be incuned during the present fiscal oar, tho secretary is confident tha't treasury certificates, supplemented by short-term notes, will provide tho necessary funds to pay the government's debts. ALLIANCE, July 10 ttetall fee cream dealers today advanced thd price of ice cieam from 45 cents to CO cents a quart. ' NATION'S WAR BILL ' ii v? ifl Ail ta i X ,11 . f ip '.