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MT. VERNON, 0., FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1919 No. 55
'LEAGUE OF FREE NATIONS A
IN PRESEHTI WE PEflGE TREATY
President Wilson Cheered By The Large Crowd In The Gal
leries Today As He Entered The Senate Chamber To
Present The Peace Treaty To The United States Con
gress; President Says 'League -of Nations The Only
Hope For Success In Settling The Most Difficult Problems'
(BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TO THE BANNER)
WASHINGTON, July 30 President Wilson in pre
senting the peace treaty with Germany, to the senate to
day declared that "a league of free nations had become a
practical necessity, to which the Trainers of the treaty felt
obliged to turn to as an indispensable instrumentality for
the maintenance of the new order that has been their pur
pose to set up to the world."
"j;ilc most skeptical of the peace conferees at Paris,"
the president said, "had turned more' and more towards
the legauc as discussion progressed, in seeking the solu
tions that arose in framing the terms of the treaty itself.
"The fact that the covenant of the league Avas the first
substansive part of the treaty to be worked out and agreed
upon," the president said, "while all else was in solution,
helped to make the formulation of the rest easier."
President Wilson's address, which
required forty minutes to deliver, was
almost wholly devoted to the league
"America's Isolation," the president
aid. "ended twenty, years ago yflth
the close of .the, war with Spain, and
America's selfish motives also closed
at that time."
"There can be nb question of our
ceasing to be a world power," he said,
"the only question is whether wo can
refuse the morale leadership that is
offered us; "whether wo shall accept
or reject the confidence of the world."
The war and the poace conference,
in his opinion, the president said, had
already answered this question,' and
nothing but our mistaken action can
alter it. After the end of the great
war, the president said, ovory onllght.
ened judgmont demanded that at
whatever cost of independent action,
every government that took part for
its people, or for justice or for order
ed freedom, should lend itself to the
now purpose and utterly destroy the
old order of international politics.
Statesmen might see difficulty in
accomplishing this purpose, the presi
dent continued, but the people could
see none and cpuld brook no donial.
League Only Hope
The league of nations, ho added,
was not merely an instrument to ad
just and remedy tho old wrongs un
der a now troaty of peace, but It was
tho only hope of mankind.
"It had not been easy," tho presi
dent said, "to graft tho now order of
ideas on tho old, and fruits of the
grafting, I fear, for a -time will bo bit
ter." "But with very few exceptions," ho
ndded, "tho men who sat with us at
the peace tablo desired as sincoroly
as wo did to got away from tho bad
influence, the illegitimate purpose
which grow out of tho sinister de
signs, of Gormany."
Given An Ovation
President Wilson was givon an ova
tion when he entered the sonato
chamber, and when ho concluded his
address, but he was not Interrupted
during the reading.
Senators, diplomats nud crowded
galleries followed him, closely.
After concluding his address, tho
president formally presented tho
treaty to tho sonato and tho official
copy was immediately referred" to tho
senato foroigu rotations committee
and rushed to tho printers bo that it
might be in the hands of the printors
In tho shortest possible time. Fifty
thousand copies of tho troaty and of
the president's address havo been or
dered by the senate.
' " Another Report Later
President Wilson submitted to tho
senato only the treaty containing the
league of nations. The proposed sup
Irenty, iiiulor which Iho
United States ugiees to go to the aid
R 1 S N
of Franco in caso of un unprovoked
attack by Gormany on that country,
will bo presented to tho senate at a
Mr. Wllbon is preparing a soparato
address to the senate explaining , this
agreement. Mr. Wilson's purpose to
presont tho poace traety separately
was indicated as being that his time
thus far had been devoted entirely to
tho preparing of his address and tho
troaty with Gormany and that tho op
portunity has been lacking to prepare
a similar explanation of tho pact with
France Will Be Hurt
Mr. Wilson told correspondents that
tho treaty with Franco was' designed
lor tho protection of France until
such a timo as this special guarantoo
would no longer bo needed because of
tho protection afforded all nations by
tlib lcaguo of nations.
Mr. Wilson had tho impression that
tho Fronch people would be cut to tho
heart if the United States did not ap
prove tho spociail treaty.
Mr. Wilson said tho agreemont on
the covenant had given the conferees
a feoling that their work was to bo
pormanont and that the most prac
tical among them were at least the
most ready to refer to the league of
nations as tho superintendent of all
interests which did not admit of im
mediate determination and of all ad-
rmlnibtrativc problems which were to
require a continual oversight.
What had seemed a council of per
fection, the president said, had como
to seem' a plain council of necessity.
Tho leaguo of nations was tho practi
cal statesmen's hopo of success in
many of tho most difficult problems
ho was attempting.
When the president entered thp
oonato chnmbor escorted by a com
mlttoc of senators, tho crowded gal
lories roso and cheered tor a minute
in disregard of senate rulos. Tho
president, mounting to Vice Presi
dent Marshall's seat, spoko briefly
with tho vico president as tho cheer
ing continued, punctuated with robol
Aftor concluding his address, tho
prosident wont to his room near Uio
sonato chambor whoro ho remained
nearly an hour lecelving senators and
representatives and discussing tho
treaty with thorn.
Whllo the prosldont was thus on
gaged, Itepubllcan leader's cpnferrod
In tho reprosontntlvo cloak rooms.
Those attending tho session Included
Senators Borah, Lodge, DInegeo, Full
Nearly every Democratic senator
visited the president.
Senator Kenyon, of Idaho, was tho
only Republican senator to call, and
he merely exchanged greetings.
KOSTORIA, July 10 Thieves stole
Goorgo Hampshire' locked uuloino-
bile last night und got away with It.
VICE PRESIDENTENCOlRAGES THE
ITT T i TT VrliMWMwKlM TwTnm W W
Vice President Marshall, addressing
mey wiii rencn a memocrwun or a
or tiie picture with ins nana on
HEROES WILL BE AT
COLUMBUS, O., July 10 (Spec
ial to The Banner) Cold medals
commemorating their valorous
deeds will be presented to Sergt.
Alvln C. York, terror of the Ger
man army, and Commander A. H.
Reed of the "NC-5, trans-Atlantic
aerial pathfinder, when the two
great heroes come to the Method
ist centenary exposition here Sat
urday. York and Reed will deliver
speeches In the coliseum.
One Exception To The Order
;Is Canip Serman At Chilli
fUy Associated Trear to The rinnnnrl
WASHINGTON, July 10 Comply
ing with tho terms of tho army bill
awaiting tho president's signature,
Secretary Baker has issued Instruc
tions for iho discontinuance of all
army construction work and tho pur
chase of real estate lor aviation fields
and balloon and air service schools.
The one exception to tho order is tho
oxteptlon of Camp Shorman, Ohio.
Raid Conducted Under New
Criminal Syndicalism Law
In That City.
fBv Associated Prrss to Tim RaniiTl
CLEVELAND, July 10 In their
first raid under tho now law directed
againbt criminal .syndicalism, Loyal
Amorlcan League mombcrs nnd detec
tives yesterday arrested C. 13. Rutheu-
burg, secretary of tho Socialist paity
searchod tho headquarters, and solzed
all tho lltoraturo and flics, including
a numbor of pamphlets haired fiom
tho malls during tho war. Carl
Hackor, recording secretary, also was
arrested. Tho men woro charged
with violating tho Frpoman law. Tlioy
wcio roleafacd on bond. It convicted
tho men faco a maximum lino of flvo
thousand olllars and ton years' Im
prisonment. YOUTH MUST DIE IN
CHAIR OCTOBER 17
fUy Assoclntcd Pre-a to Tlio Hunnerl
CINCINATI, July 10 Jacob Ed
Ingor, 2D yeais old, convicted of mur
der in tho first degreo In connection
with tho killing of William Tltio,
wealthy baker, was sentenced to dlo
in tho electric chair on Octpber 17, by
Common Pleas Judgo John A. Cald
well lato yesterday.
Edward Ness was sontencod to die
October 1C and four men are to bo
tried "on Indictments charging them
with having helped In tho murder of
Tlile while attempting to rob him at
his home several weeks ago.
the boy scout "flying circus" on the
minion to am in comnntine hoiMievlBin.
.... . . ..
ins nip. several members of the senate
IN A HESQL UTiON
Also Wants Information From
President Wilson Con
cerning liaps '
Resolution Goes To Foreign
By Associated Previ to The Bannorl
WASHINGTON, July 10 Under
a resolution introduced today by Sen
ator Borah, Republican, of Idaho,
President Wilfaon would be asked to
send the senato a copy of tho letter
declared to havo been written by Gen
eral Casper II. Bliss on behalf of him
self, Secretary -Lansing and Henry
Whlto, protesting ngainst the decis
ion of the peace conference regarding
Tho resolution, which wont to tho
senato foreign relations committee
without debate, would also ask for In
formation in regaid to tho alleged
attempt on the part of tho Japanese
delegates to tho peaco conference to
intimidate the Chineso delegates.
DIRIGIBLE R-34 ON
HER RETURN JOURNEY
ACROSS THE ATLANTIC
By Associated Press to The Bannirj
WASHINGTON, July 10 The
British dirigible R-34 was 345 ml.
due east from New York, on her
return trip to Scotland, at 8:10
Washingtn time, according to a
radio message to the navy de
partment. COVERS 630 MILES
fBy Associated Press 10 The Hannen
WASHINGTON, July 10 Tho R-31
had covered 630 miles, twelvo hours
aftor she loft Ro'osovolt field on her
leturn trip to England, according to a
iadio messago received from Com
mander Scott this afternoon, who re
ported that nil wns woll.
SHERIFF SELLS BOOZE;
S FID I GOVE
LANSING, Mich., July 10 Gover
nor Sleopor yc3teuiay ordored tlfo re
moval fiom olllco of' Sheriff Josopii J.
B.ililoy of Mom oo county on tho
Ohio-Michigan boundary lino. Bairloy
appeared botore tho governor boveral
weeks ago to answer charges by
Stat9 Food and Drug Commissioner
Woodworth that ho failed properly to
enforce tho state prohibition laws and
that ho sold n quuntity-ot confiscated
liquor. The removal was based on
tho latter chaigo.
YOUNGSTOWN, July' 10 Three
pei sons weie seriously Injured last
night when a motorcycle collided
with a truck.
steps of the capltol, declared he hoped
The vice nrrs rlont In nt fhr. loft
-.-.- .-. ...v.w..
and house helped him receive the
NEWARK, July 10 A dog belong
ing to Mn. Frank Barnes of Madison
township killed a large copperhead
snake and probably saved the lives of
two young children who were playing
in the grass near by.
ELYIUA, July 10 Theodore Ken
dig, 3, fell into a horse trough at his
father's home and was drowned.
SANDUSKY, July 10 Over 1.000
barrels of beer were emptied into
Sandusky bay today to avoid payment
of $6 per barrel revenue.
PORT CLINTON, July Three pris
oners escaped from jail here last
uighttiAjrovyard of 50 has .been of
fered for their, -arrest? t i
TIFFIN, July 10 Tiffln has a sugar
shortage. The few retailers who have
supplies are rationing it out to cus
tomers. CEDAIt POINT, July 10 Seventy
five members aro here attonding the
annual com cut Ion of the Ohio Loan
SANDUSKY, July 10 Augusta
Miscky, seamstress, was caught in an
elevator in a department store and
her head was crushed.
YOUNGSTOWN, July 10 Mahon
ing county is awarded a captured Ger
man cannon for activity in the Liber
ty Loan campaigns.
I1M THE FQRD TRIAL
IBy Associated Press to Tho Banner
MT. CLEMENS, Mich., July 10
Colonel B. n. McCormick, president
of tho Tribune company, of Chicago,
which is being suqd for $1,000,000 by
Henry Ford on a charge of libel, was
on tho witness tsand practically all
of yesterday's session of court. Mr.
Ford and his son, Edsel, aio expected
to testify today.
Tho publisher disclosed an excel
lent momory and developed a strain
of tlio utmost blandncss when a fow
barcastic questions were flung at him
by Attorney William "Lucking, of Ford
Incidentally, It came out that tho
colonol and his cousin, Captain Jo
soph Medill rattorson, associate ed
itor of tho paper, nt ono tlmo found
themselves drawing less money front
the Trlbuno paid salaries of Its cm-
Mr. Lucking adduced that while
th oTrlbuno paid salaries of its em
ployes who wont to -militia oncamp
ments, or to tho Mexican border in
1916. tho practice was not followed
In tho European war.
HAS SIGNED BILL
fBv Associated Pi ess to The Rannfrl
BEItLIN, July 10 Piesldcnt Ebert
signed the bill latlfying the treaty of
peace nt S o'clock last night. The
tieaty Is now on Us vvuy to Versailles.
PREST. WILSON IS GRflTIHED
THAT TREATY OF PEACE HAS
The President Now Feels That
many Should Begin At Earliest Possible Moment, For
Without Trade Germany Could Not Meet The Repara
tion Demands Made Upon Her; President Also Dis
cusses Other Important Matters With The Newspaper
(BY THE ASSOCIATED PRES8 TO THE BANNER)
WASHINGTON, July 10 President Wilson confer
ring with newspaper correspondents at the White House
today indicated tbtft lie was extremely gratified that the
treaty oi' peace had been ratified by the German national
assembly in such -a short time.
He felt that trade relations with Germany and the as
sociated nations should begiu at the earliest possible mo
ment for without trade Germany could not meet the repar
ation demands made upon her.
It wasMnade clear that the troops should be maintain
ed in Germany until the Germans had complied with ail
the military terms of the treaty. It was pointed out that
there were still several millions of veteran soldiers in Ger
many and munition for them
The Germans havo from one to four
months to deliver all material except
that which is sufficient for the re
duced German army as provided ia
the peace treaty, and the president
believes that it is advisable to 'leave
'American troops on the Rhine until
the Germans deliver tho aforesaid
Discussing the peace treaty and the
league of nations covenant, the presi
dent said that the covenant will be in
every treaty negotiated at Versailles,
including that one with Bulgaria, with
which country the United States nev
er was at war.
In regarding the Flume situation.
TRACTION LINE IS
ORDERED TO QUIT
Canton-Massillon Road Must
Remove Tracks By Order
of County Commissioners.
fBv Asxoclated Press to Th Banner
CANTON, July 10 The Northern
Ohio Traction Company is ordered to
discontinue operations on the Canton
Massillon road within ten days and
to remove its tiacks within 30 days,
in a resolution adopted by the Stark
county commissioners yesterday.
The resolution sets forth the allega
tion that the company has no legal
right to operato on tho road and de
clares that tho entire width of the
road is needed for vehicles and pedes
trians. Tho prosocuting attorney is author
ized to start an ouster suit in tho
btate suprfcmo court if tho company
falls to vacato the highway.
rBy Associated Press to The Manner)
LONDON, July 10 Notwithstand
ing strong opposition by tho govern
ment, a house of commons committee
today adopted, by a vote of 15 to 12,
a clause in the alien bill restricting
the employment of aliens in Great
" LINEMEN WIN STRIKE
FINDLAY, July 10 After ten days
of idleness, 75 striking Central Un
ion Telephone Company construction
workmen returned to work here Wed
nesday, when the company agreed to
give them a percentage of their, de
mands for a 42 percent wage increase
and to arbitrate the matter of pay
ing the remainder.
Trade Relations With Ger
the president said that in the treaty
of London the city of Flume was giv
en to Croatia, and that Italy did not
lay claim to it when the treaty was
The president made it clear that de
mobilization of the American army
would depend upon the military con
ditions enacted by Germany and whea
the treaty as ratified by the varlowt -governments.
Mr. Wilsoif feels that the United
States must play a generous part in
the reconstruction of Europe, but he
believes this must be done by estab
lishing some sound basis of credit
and not by direct government aid.
OF THE RATIFICATION
iBr Associated Press to The Banner
VERSAILLES, July 10 Official no
tification of the ratifying of tho peace
treaty by the German national assem
bly was given the peaco"'delegates
Taxes And Other Revenues
Than Borrowed Money
Take Care of the War Cost
Br Associated Press to The Banner
WASHINGTON, July 10 The war
cost vhe United States ?30,177,000,000
up to June 30, 1019.
Secretary Glass mado this estimate
in submitting to the congressional ap
propriations committees the prelimi
nary statements of the treasury on
tho condition of tho nation's finances.
Ho arrived at the estimate by sub
tracting tho average peace-time ex
penses for tho same length of timo, at
tho rate of $1,000,000,000 annually,
from the total expenditures, ?32,427,
000,000, during the war.
Taxes and other revenues than bor
rowed money took care of $9,384,000,
000, or about 29 per cent of tho war
cost. The remainder came from Lib
erty Bonds and Victory Note Issues
and savings stamps.
New issue of bonds, Mr. Glass said,
nill not be necessary "before tho ma
turity" or redemption of (ho victory
notes," which havo four years to run.
Whllo it is impossible to estimato the
expenses to be incuned during the
present fiscal oar, tho secretary is
confident tha't treasury certificates,
supplemented by short-term notes,
will provide tho necessary funds to
pay the government's debts.
ALLIANCE, July 10 ttetall fee
cream dealers today advanced thd
price of ice cieam from 45 cents to
CO cents a quart. '
NATION'S WAR BILL