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Official Organ of Organized Labor in the city. Issued under the management of the Newark Trades and Labor Assembly. Devoted to the promotion of the best interests of both employer and em ployee, free from religious or pol itical affiliation. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. JULIUS JU CH, Publisher JOHN BUSH, Associate Editor Censor Board: Paul H. Ziegfeld J. H. Sharritt Business and Publication Office: No. 17% West Main Street. Auto Phone 1548 Subscription Price, $1.00 per year. Waterways Come To Their Own The matter of transportation as well as the production of an excess, in the field, mine and factory is the problem of the hour. For years the railroad interests of the country were represented in the legislative hall of the country. They to some extent have moulded sen timent and with human ingenuity and skilled mechanics to aid them have developed the railways of the country beyond the mad dreams of a half century ago. This country has seen a railway development which for miles of fine track, for luxurious transportation facilities, for power machines, has put America five cen turies ahead of that of the older civil zation in the old world. (An interest ing field, for capital, there is more money invested in them than there is behind realms in Europe.) A man may travel in the palace of a king in five days across the continent of North America. So attractive has the investment been that it has invit ed capital from wealthy men in Eu rope. Just recently it has been dis covered that Nicholas Romanoff knew a good thing. He invested in great blocks of the securities of American railways. Those who are settling up the affairs of tire re cently deposed emperor are now looking after the investments of Nick Romanoff, and it may be cheer fully remarked, with some success. But there is a fly in the ointment. Before the United States, goaded to desperation, declared war on Ger many and cast her lot with, and of fered her treasure and young man hood to the allies, the railroads, in times of peace, said to the world that they were unable to carry, promptly and well, the products of the., land, from where produced to where needed. Had the railroads not aided in the destruction of the inland water ways, the incident would have been common place. But they had strip ped the country of timber and de pleated in a century the coal supply. Inland navigation used little coal and a negligible amount of timber. Another odity of the situation was that while as a general proposition, they were importuning congress to permit them to greatly increase freight rates, they were asking, where they were competing against the rivers and few remaining canals, to be permited to lower their rates. This to drive out the last vestige of competition by waterways, which were unobtrusively hauling bulky freight at a much lower rate than the heavy dividend earning roads would do. Standing on this paradoxical prop osition it is not singular that Con gres has hesitated in granting their requests. The solution to this is the inland waterway. Such waterways as abound in ^England, France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Germany and even in primitive Russia, already thinking men are arising to the sit uation. Traffic on the rivers is nec essary. In Kansas City, Mo., and New Orleans, La., have been organ ized a steel river steamship line be tween these points and touching at Cario, Ill., Memphis, Tenn., and other prominent river points. Steamers leave the terminals daily and coast wise traffic is looked after. The line is supported by private subscrip tion and without any machinations of railways in the future it will become an object lesson which will bring us all back to a realization of our natur al resources. A few weeks ago a coal famine was relieved in Cincinnati in a low water stage by a use of the slack water dams between that city and the coal producing cented of Pitsburg, Pa. It is safe to say this season there would have been no coal short age in this city if the Ohio Canal had been in operation. It is equally sure that Newark mills would not have shut down for wheat if the old Ohio Canal had been, as itonce was, in op eration through the more fertile area of Ohio. Let it be remembered that the Ohio Canal tapped the coal field of eastern and southern Ohio, fields then produc tive, and still so, with the end of their production not yet in sight. The public man of today can well see the crying need of retention of every foot of posibly navigable wa ter in the United States. It is sharp ly noticeable in the once extant canals of Ohio. They would be appreciated now and we would be far better off today, if they had been maintained than we were by subsidizing rail roads. The American Federation of Labor By John Bush Of this great organization much has been said both good and bad— but half the good has never been told. Any man belonging to an or ganization affiliated with this body can and should feel proud. Though confronted with the greatest problems that ever met human intelligence it has vindicated humanity in every struggle in which it has been en gaged. Has it not been identified with all that is noble in the history of the world Has it not achieved all the priv ileges it enjoys today through bu siness ability, integrity, square deal ing, energy and invincible determina tion? Though thousands look upon it with a sneer and point the finger of scorn, it has always stood for the right, though right be on the gallows and wrong sat .upon the seat of government. The American Federation of Labor stands as one of the most potent factors in our country in defence of the right of free assemblage, free speech and free press. It invites all classes of wage earners under one head, with the one object in view’ that class, race, creed, political and trade prejudices may be abolished and that moral and financial support may be given to all. The American Federation of Labor establishes intercommunication, crea tes harmony and educates, not only the workers, but the educators. It seeks to cultivate mutual interest, and to secure effective action, and to announce to the world the wrongs and burdens w’hich the toilers have too long endured. This great organization fosters education and uproots ignorance, shortens hours and brightens the pathways of life. It raises wages and lowers usury, increases independ ence and decreases dependence, devel ops manhood and balks tyranny, discourages selfishness and establishes fraternity, induces liberality and re duces prejudices, creates rights and abolishes wrongs, lightens toil and brightens man, makes the workshop safe and brighter, cheers the home and fireside and makes the world better. The success of this organization, like all other great ones, depends, to a great extend, upon its officers and in their selection has been exceedingly fortunate in choosing men W’ho are well adapted to meet all requirements with success and their activity, courage and determination has suc cessfully carried it through many trying periods. In the crisis of the present the eyes of the world are turned to Wash ington and to President Wilson and to the world’s greatest labor leader, the president of the American Fed eration of Labor, Samuel Gompers. GROCERIES IN 1897 AND 1917 An Albany grocer has kept an or der for groceries of the year 1897 and has placed it side by side with a similar order for today. It gives a comparison showing the price ad vances. Here is a copy of the two: 1897 1917 1} quarts turnips,......$ .05 $ .20 1 pound bacon.......... .16 .40 2 quarts onions........ X)7 .86 24% sack flour........ .57 2.10 2 pounds oatmeal....... .07 .14 1 pound best butter.... .23 .49 4-pound chicken ....... .50 1.28 1 pound soda crackers .08 .18 1 dozen eggs .......... .23 .42 4 pounds sugar........ .22 .38 1 quart milk............ .06 .12 1 pound lard.............. .09 .28 1 peck potatoes......... .20 .1.00 1 pound cheese.......... .13 .32 1 broom ...................... 25 .75 Totals .................. $2.9T $8.42 —Cleveland Ground Hog. POULTRY EXHIBIT At a meeting of the Newark Poul try Fanciers Association it was de cided to hold a Poultry Exhibit in Newark in the near future. The business men whose ads appear in the Leader are entitled to your support. MPORTEDFROMi JAPAN iAND PAINTED i by skillful •f^ANuSEARTISTS Professional and Business RALPH NOUPELL Lawyer 5th Floor Trust Building Dr. Howard S Barrick DENTIST Room 601, Sixth Floor Trust Building NEWARK, OHIO Auto Phone 1570 Residence 3547 The Oldest Established Dentist in the County. W. H. SEDGWICK DENTIST Hibbert & Schaus Bldg., East Side Public Square Newark. O. Fratiklin’s Insurance OFFICE, 305 TRUST BUILDING 3rd Floor, Opposite Elevator Auto Phone 1714 Get it at the UNION STORE CITY STOiifi Best In Newark TALK TO l^eeslQ. ones ABOUT Real Estate Fire Insurance Money to Loan on Real Estate HMert &. Sdiaus BMg BOTH PHONES Price $3.98 In 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 a 2 a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a 2 A LUCKY PURCHASE BY US BEFORE PRICES ADVANCED GIVES THE PEOPLE OF NEWARK THE GREATEST BARGAIN EVER OFFERED. 10r™r HAND PAINTED JUST THE THING FOR LUNCHEON PARTIES and costs less than an ordinary china lunch set. A BEAUTIFUL, USEFUL, DAINTY GIFT that will be appreciated by any woman. COME IN AND SEE THEM. If we were to purchase them now, we would have to sell them at more than double our price of $3.98. Get The Habit- NORTON’S Book Store. I a. A chij^a xea set "Lti. I n (worth $10.00) Cannot be duplicated anywhere in America at anywhere near our price. 6 cups, 6 saucers, 6 lunch plates, tea pot, cover & strainer, 6 individual butters, creamer, sugar bowl & cover of these appliances. ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES ARE HOUSEHOLD NECESSITIES AND NO LONGER JUST LUXURIES. The Newark Electrical Co. J.' E. CURRIE, Manager 20 Arcade Phone 1707 Shop Early. Better Goods for Less. The Great Western is thoroughly at your service with a complete stock of Men’s, Boys* and Childrens’ Suits and Overcoats. Neck wear, Shirts, Sweaters, Gloves, Under wear, Hosiery, Umbrellas, Suit Cases and Bags. Jewelry for Christmas. Handkerchiefs for ladies and gents. Mufflers, etc. Subscribe for The Leader. They save much time and labor in your every day work. They are ideal gifts for everyone. Both useful and ornamental. Come in ard see our complete tiispby n a a a a 2 a a a a a a a e 2 a 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 FORGdOD 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 i 2 2 3 2 i 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 /UPLAND LIFE Mut-uAL Hip COMPANY JdMIQ PEOPLE UHitki, 3D I 1rKLSi BLILiHNG J. A. STRAWN 18 Bolin Ave. J. P. GRAFF 376 Granville St. STRAWN & GRAFF PAINTERS AND PAPER HANGERS OUR SPECIALTY: Wall Blending and Decorating AUTO PHONE 2022. ALL WORK GUARANTEED. The business men whose ads appeal in the Leader are entitled to your support.