OCR Interpretation


Newark leader. ([Newark, Ohio]) 1917-1946, December 08, 1917, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078775/1917-12-08/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

WATCH THIS PAPER GROW
IT’S THE PEOPLE’S PAPER
VOL. I
Trades Council and
Business Men Ask
Better Paid Officers
The Trades and Labor Assembly
of this city aided by the business
interests of the city, secured the raise
of the salaries in the police and fire
departments.
In the fire department the salary
of the chief was fixed at $130 per
month, assistant $115, 3 captains
$105 per month, five drivers $100 per
month and firemen at $85 per month
for the first year,* $90 for the second
and $95 per month subsequently.
The police ordinance fixes the sal
ary of the chief at $124 per month,
captain $105, $95 per month for sta
tion house keeper, $60 per month for
a male night telephone operator the
eighteen patrolmen to receive $85
per month the first year, $90 the sec
ond year and $95 per month the third
year and following. The ordinance
also carried a provision of 28 days
each year, vacation with pay.
Both ordinances were passed under
suspension of rules though there are
on record two ordinances now pending
and in regular order. There was but
one vote in council against suspension
of the rules and passage and it was
in the matter of the police ordinance.
The fireman’s ordinance was unan
imous.
The ordinances were offered by
members Curry and Adams. Pres.
Keller of the council asked the bus
iness men who filled the auditorium
of the mayor’s office, where the meet
ing was held, to express themselves
on the ordinances offered.
Messrs. W. M. Morgan, Pres, of the
Trades Assembly, John J. Carroll,
W. W. Gard, Jesse Walters and J. C.
Krieg, expressed themselves in favor
of the ordinances. As taxpayers of
the city, they thought the passage of
the ordinances were well founded in
the fact that all living expenses were
very high. They thought also that
the increase of salaries meant that
I the men would be more efficient and
Jkthe service would be improved to
warrant the outlay.
Mr. W. C. Seward, a retiring mem
ber of the council at large, spoke a
gainst the police salary raise or
dinance. He was rather bitter in his
remarks and was inclined to dep
recate the services of the Newark
police force.
Among the other matters brought
before city council were matters of
interest to union labor. Matters
which in time will be seriously before
the body. The employes of the ser
vice department asked for an increase
in their rate of pay, giving the rea
sons which had been potent in the
police and firemen ordinances, the
increased cost of living. It came in
the form of a communication and
was referred to the finance com
mittee.
The teamsters in the city employ
also offered a request in the form of
a communication. They asked that
their pay be raised 15 cents per hour.
It was referred to the service com
mittee.
Resolutions were passed: to borrow
money for the health department, to
authorize the hiring of an assistant
city clerk to look after the serving
of special assessment notices, to im
prove Front and Church streets and
the repairing of Church street from
Front to Eleventh strees.
The repairing of the street is es
timated to cost $53,876.66 and of that
sum $23,680 will fall on the street
railway.
FIREMEN EXTEND THANKS
The members of Central fire de
partment and all sub-stations in the
city desire to thank the Trades and
Labor Council, members of the citi
zens committee, all business men and
all others who assisted in securing
the passage of the firemen’s salary
ordinance at last meeting of the city
council.
Especially do the firemen desire
to thank the members of council
who unanimously passed the ordi
nance which will give the firemen a
much needed raise of salary. The
firemen appreciate everything that
has been done for them and the raise
will certainly result in a better feel
ing, co-operation and greater effi
ciency, if such thing is possible.
SOME INTERESTING POINTS
ON MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
“The establishment, in American
cities, of a system of nominations
that will give every citizen a fair
chance to offer himself as a candidate
for public office and yet not bring an
avalanche of names upon the ballot is
something yet to be achieved. One
is moved to ask”, says Prof. Munro of
Harvard, “why this should be so se
rious a problem in America when it
is such in no other country. In Eng
land it needs the names of only ten
qualified voters to put a candidate
before the municipal electorate in
France and Germany any voter may
become a candidate for municipal of
fice upon his own personal announce
ment. Even in the cities of Canada,
where social and political conditions
are not very different form those of
American municipalities, any two
voters may officially nominate a can
didate. In all these countries the
road to a place on the ballot is easy
enough yet the number of municipal
candidates is everywhere smaller than
in the United States.” In the opin
ion of the Harvard authority, who is
an expert in American city politics,
the adoption, in the United States,
of the European system here in
dicated would result in the apear
ance of fewer names upon the ballot
than under a system demanding the
5000 names.
Though there have been times
when, in most large cities of the
United States, it has seemed “well
nigh impossible to secure a full and
fair expression of popular opinion at
he polls, most difficulties have been
so far overcome that “elections are
nowadays conducted about as fairly
and as efficiently* in the United
States as in any other country.”
The four important matters con
nected with election methods and
machinery upon which there is as
yet no uniformity either of practice
or opinion are: a) the date of munic
ipal election, which is in some places
also the date of state elections, while
in others it is not b) the polling
places, which are sometimes school
rooms, sometimes other public buil
dings, sometimes barber shops, and in
some places portable booths (popular
sovereignty on wheels!) c) the form
and contents of the ballot in early
American municipal history every
voter furnished his own ballot, later
on they were made upon a uniform
plan and were printed at some pe
riods ballots were provided by the
party organizations which, by their
color or form, would reveal, even
when folded, the manner in which
the voter had used his franchise in
the latter eighties the so-called Au
stralian ballot was adopted in our
country (used in England since 1872),
whose distinguishing characteristic
is not its size or form or arrange
ment, but merely the fact that it is
printed officially at the public ex
pense, while the older styles of bal
lots were printed by or on behalf of
the candidates at their own cost.
Our present official ballot has grown
to be quite different from its. old
English prototype. On our ballots,
unlike the earlier English custom, the
names of candidates are arranged in
long columns according to parties
later came the custom of putting at
the head of each column a party sym
bol, below this a circle. The original
Australian ballot had none of these
features. They have been engrafted
on the Australian ballot by the “in
fluence of party organizations which
desired to hold their grip upon the
voters and to place deterrents in the
way of political independence.” The
very appearance of the party symbol
over the list of all the party’s can
didates was an appeal to the voter
to vote a straight ticket, scratching
and selection of candidates from sev
eral parties is irksome and many ab
stained from it frorrf- fear to invali
date their vote by errors in the mark
ings. In order to obviate this party
ism on the ballot, Massachusetts, as
early as 1888 adopted a ballot with
out a party column, all candidates
being grouped under the particular
offices to which they aspired. How
ever, even on this ballot the partisan
designation followed each name on
the ballot. The amended Boston
charter of 1909 marks the first ap
plication of the new principle of drop
ping of partisan designations alto
gether. The precedent established by
Boston has been followed by many
other cities in the United States till
date. But even this reform is not yet
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1017
fully satisfactory. The ballots are
still too long for the average voter.
He has no means nor time for a fair
scrutiny of every candidate, and, as
a rule, will only use his judgment in
reference to candidates for the most
important offices.” If it be made the
duty of the voter to constitute him
self a committee of investigation at
every election, he will not perform
that duty, nor will any amount of
political sermonizing induce him to
do it. This being the case, it becomes
the part of wisdom not to put any
such burden upon him. To this end,
the number of elective offices should
be reduced to a minimum the out
standing offices, those which from
their nature carry large powers and
attract wide attention, must of course
be filled by popular action, but there
the task of the voter ought to cease.”
e) Finally, there ought to be more
security against corruption and un
fair practices at the voting booth.
Personation, intimidation, bribery,
tampering with ballots, falsifying re
turns have been offences punishable
by law from the beginnings of our
municipal history. Minor offenses
not involving moral turpitude have
only of recent years been prohibited
by statute, to wit, acts which con
tribute to make an election unfair,
undignified or unnecessarily ex
pensive. The provisions of these pro
hibitory statutes vary in the several
states, but in the main include severe
penalties for bribery, illegal voting,
and they limit the sources from
which campaign contributions may be
received, and the purposes for which
they may be spent. In many in
stances they forbid the taking of
contributions from corporations, place
restrictions on political advertise
ments, which in some states must be
signed by the advertising voter.
—Exch.
BOTTLE CO’S ASSURED FUEL
While glass manufacturers, espe
cially those whose plants are de
pendent upon natural gas or some
substitute fuel, are filled with fore
bodings as to the possibilities of fuel
shortage this winter, the bottle
manufacturers have reason for pro
found satisfaction.
From the most reliable of sources
word comes that the bottle manufac
turers have been given assurance by
federal authorities that their plants
will not be obliged to close down this
winter from any lack of coal. Bottle
factories which are wholly dependent
upon natural gas for fuel will of
course share in the uncertainties of
operation which every one now seems
to consider sure to come, but inthe
great majority of cases coal gas pro
ducers have already been installed,
and with an assured supply of coal
their operation should be without
interuption.
The reason for all this is that Dr.
Henry Garfield, United States Fuel
Commissioner, considers the making
of glass bottles an industry contrib
utory to the welfare of the country
and that it is doing much to make
up the deficit in the manufacture of
other articles interfered with by the
war.
The matter of fuel for the glass
plants was brought to the attention
of Dr. Garfield by President John A.
Voll, of the G. B. B. A. The facts in
the case and the request of the
manufacturers for relief were for
warded by President Voll to Commis
sioner Garfield, with a strong appeal
in behalf of the workers, in which he
impressed upon him the fact that the
Glass Bottle Blowers’ Association had
set aside their summer stop of thirty
years standing at Baltimore last
summer at the request of the govern
ment. The setting aside of the sum
mer stop was for the express pur
pose of allowing members of the G.
B. B. A. to continue at work, making
medicine bottles for the soldiers and
sailors who were at the front and in
the field camps.
Commissioner Garfield’s attention
was also called to the necessity of
operating glass bottle factories to
their utmost capacity in order that
not only medicine bottles and medical
supplies could be obtained for army
use, but that the guaranteeing of full
capacity for bottle factories was a
necessity to the country as the short
age of tin rendered it imperative that
glass containers for the preservation
of food for the army, the people at
home and the allies should be pro
duced in large quantities.
—Glassworker.
A Responsibility
Of a Couiicilnu’ii
State Inspector Heck grows ver
bose in his report on the City Council
and takes 32 closely typewritten
pages to place his report..
His report covers, as has been in
dicated before, the time from July
7, 1915 to Jan. 2, 1917. It is im
possible to give it more than a pas
sing glance. He says that it is ab
solutely necessary to have the re
ports of council proceedings correct.
Its action in correcting its Journal is
not subject to review by the courts.
That law he says is laid down in the
case of McClain vs. Kisson.
He says, that only in “unforeseen
emergency” shall appropriations be
made for “contingent appropria
tions”. He finds that the rule was
not rigidly adhered to. In no case
shall ordinary expenses of the city
be paid from “contingent appropria
tions”. It is noted that certain sup
plemental appropriations made do
not measure up to the legal defini
tion. If the regular appropriation
falls short a supplemental appropria
tion may be made, unless it was re
fused in the regular ordinance. He
advises great care by the body in
passing appropriation ordinances.
Every six months a council should re
ceive a “budget” made up by the
heads of departments. It should show
the expense of the department, in
each case for the last six months
and ask for a definite sum to run the
department the next six months. In
that- way, he says, only, may we have
an economical administration. It
should also be dominated, inspected
and passed on by a finance committee.
The committee should know the exact
financial condition of the city, ap
propriations sought and the ability
to pay the same. The finance com
mittee should take a definite stand
against incuring bills against an
appropriation which is exhausted.
The sum total of all bills in a depart
ment must come within the appropri
ation made for the six months. The
finance committee should insist on
that.
He is pleased, he says, to note that
in the time covered by this report,
council has made no transfers be
tween regular’ appropriations nor
transferred from tire “contingent ap
propriations, to any of the regular
appropriations.”
He finds a transfer of a total of
$15,600, in the time reported on,
from the General fund to the Health,
Serviee and Safety funds.
Charges for legal advertisements,
except in a few cases, were not ex
cessive. The exceptions are, when a
publication was made more times
than warranted by Statute. He
finds that bills for legal advertising
by the city dailies in 1912 and 1913
were not paid at the time but in
1917 a compromise sum was paid
and the incident closed. All such
publications, he says, should be care
fully verified. It is necessary for the
council to designate the papers in
which such publications shall be
made.
He fipds that the- Newark city
council followed the depositary law.
They received 2 1-8 and 2 1-10 per
cent from the Licking County Bank
and Trust Co. and from the First
National Bank, respectively. They
have a contract extending to March,
1919. He says, the council has not
asked sufficient bond from the de
positaries to make sure. It is a
mistake, he says, as the council by
ordinance of 1906, are required to
approve the depositary bond. The
responsibility and risk is entirely with
the council.
The council ordinances have not
been codified for six years and are
now encumbered. It should be at
tended to and all obsolete matter
swept from the ordinance book.
Appointment of certain officers by
the mayor must be confirmed by the
council. Such confirmation extends
only to the members of the city board
of health. He hopes the council will
not encumber its records by going
further.
It is the duty of the council to
transfer the funds, devoted to the
fireman and policeman pension fund,
directly and absolutely to the trustees
of the fund. It is the duty of council
to make a levy to sustain it oi' trans
fer to it the city’s receipts from the
liquor ujq or such amount aa will
meet the claims accepted by the
trustees.
He notes that the city has for near
two years been paying interest on
$240,000 worth of good elimination
bonds. It was the estimated cost of
the city’s share of the cost of elim
inating railway grade crossings the
total estimated cost of which is
$611,447.00. It was decided that the
railroads should pay 65 per cent of
the total cost, the city 35 per cent
and it was to have been completed
Dec. 31, 1917.
He advices that certificates of de
posit with the city be invested in
interest bearing bonds and the ac
counts accurately kept.
In the matter of assessing for
special improvements he suggests
that it might be advisable for the
council to create the position of as
sistant clerk to serve the notices of
such improvements. He goes specif
ically into the law governing such as
sessments and advices exact service
and extra caution.
He quotes eight pages of delin
quents in the payment of special as
sessments.
It is noted in the report that the
outstanding bonds of the city have
maturing dates in all months of the
year and some at various times in
the months. Such indebtedness is
discharged through the order of the
sinking fund trustees. There should
be a uniform maturing date as the
trustees are not provided for with
salaries. The money deposited with
the sinking fund trustees should
earn an interest equal to that
paid on the bonds or the payer of the
bonds, the city will have to pay the
difference.
The elimination bonds are payable
in New York City to make them more
marketable.
He closes with an injunction to all
members of the council to feel their
responsibility, to fully acquaint
themselves with. .the. cityls. financial
condition, her needs and her ability
to meet them and with this know
ledge, always, to keep the city’s in
terests at heart.
Complimenting Clerk Woodward,
he says he has kept the city’s books
in a splendid manner and the records
and files are in the best possible
condition.
Alleged Fake in
Wrestling Match
The records of common pleas court
had added to them on Wednesday of
the present week case No. 19026,
vol. 61, page 46, Civil Appearance
Docket. Ex-Prosecutor Horner, at
torney for the plaintiff. The case is
Kelton Mitchell vs. Paul Bowser, C.
A. Trapkey, et al. If true, it marks
an era of unclean sport in this city.
Briefly the petitioner seeks to re
cover $2500 of his own money and
$500 which he says was handed him
to bet on Trapkey, by one of the de
fendants, as a come on. He says,
that on Nov. 22, last, he was induced
to go to the rooms of Bowser, the
defendant, and a wrestler of two
years stay in Newark, at No. 11 N.
Fourth street, and bet on Trapkey
on a private wrestling match. He
says that the game was framed up
against him and Trapkey lost to
Bowser, two falls in three and lost
the match.
The suit to recover his own money
is under an anti gambling statute
and the part of the suit to recover
the $500, additional, of come on
money is also warranted by a special
statute. Prosecutor Flory points out
the special statute number. The
plaintiff in the case is a garage owner
and auto dealer of Dunkirk, Ohio.
Violation of Law Draws a Fine
C. S. Ball, candy manufacturer of
Dayton, who was prosecuted by the
deputy factory inspector on a charge
of employing a girl under 18 with
out a school exemption certificate, and
with working his women employes
more than the legal number of
hours, was fined in police court.
Tailors Raise Wages
Tailors of Denver, Col., employed
on alteration work in clothing houses,
have won their strike .for improved
conditions. Wages are increased $3
to $5 a week, with time and one-half
for overtime and double time for
Sundays. Saturday night work is
abolished and shop committees are
recognized.
i.t'
Subscription Price $1.00 per year
Single Copies 5 Cents
No. 3
LABOR ASKS REPRESENTATION
IN PEACE CONFERENCE
Courted on every side by govern
ments and corporations, Labor is
growing ever more conscious of its
power. The American Federation of
Labor, while refusing to participate
in the Stockholm Conference and
similar informal discussions at the
present* time, nevertheless demands
representation in the Peace Negotia
tions. “The basis of reconstruction,”
declares President Gompers, the most
conservative of the labor leaders,
“should be the trade union .move
ments of the various countries to be
held at the same time and place as
the world peace congress, that labor
may be in touch with plans under
consideration and may have the bene
fit of information and counsel of those
participating in the congress.”-
The American Federation of Labor
is not for a “premature peace,” but
its Executive Council officially de
mands a voice in the peace conference.
“When nations can send represent
atives to negotiate peace terms in
accord with this concept, we main
tain that the basic provisions of the
peace treaty should be formulated
with regard to the rights and welfare
of the men, women and children con
stituting the nations rather than the
governments of the nations. The
government should be only an in
strumentality oi the people instead
of dominating and actuating their
lives. This terrific war must wipe
out all vestiges of the old concept,
that £he nation belongs to the ruler
or government. The future must be
construed upon broader lines than the
past. We insist, therefore, that the
government of the United States pro
vide adequate and direct represent
atives of wage earners among the
plenipotentiaries sent to the peace
congress, and urge upon the labor
movements of other countries to take
like action.”
Firm in its support of the govern
ment in the prosecution of the war,
the American Federation of Labor
makes demands upon the administra
tion. Foremost is its demand that
labor be represented in all defense
activities “If wage earners did not
take a responsible part in deter
mining our- relations to war work
that field would be left undisputed to
those not immediately concerned in
their welfare,” says the executive
council report. Moreover, the report
makes demands that the government
give equal recognition to industrial
war service and military service.
Recognition by the government of the
eight-hour day, with provisions for
longer hours with overtime based on
an eight-hour-day, is also asked for.
Equal wages for women and men in
w’ar industry are sought.
Furthermore, the report concen
trates its demands in the following
paragraphs:
“The menace of militarism arises
through isolating the defensive func
tions of the state from civic activ
ities and from creating military agen
cies out of touch with masses of the
people. Isolation is subversive to
democracy—it harbors and nurtures
the germs of arbitrary power.
“The labor movement demands that
a clear differentiation be made be
tween military service for the na
tion and police duty, and that mili
tary service should be carefully dis
tinguished from service in industrial
disputes.
“We hold that industrial service
shall be deemed equally merito
rious as military service. Organiza
tion for industrial and commercial
service is upon a different basis from
military service—the civic ideals still
dominate. This should be
recognized
in mobilizing for this purpose. The
same voluntary institutions that or
ganized industrial, commercial and
transportation workers in times of
peace will be oest take care of the
same problems in time of war.
“It is fundamental, therefore, that
the government cooperate with the
American organized labor movement
for this purpose.”
TAX ON MOTOR BOATS
All power pleasure boats or motor
boats are taxable under the Act of
Congress of October 3, 1917. ^lotor
boats of less than five tons are taxed
at the rate of $5.00 per year. The
tax due at the present time on such
boats is $3.75. This tax should have
been paid in November or a penalty
of 50 per cent will be incurred. Those
interested should apply for informa
tino to B. E. Williamson, Collector,
Columbus, Ohio.
The Leader invokes the help and
friendship of every workingman and
Union man in Newark. We want to
be your friend and want you to bo

xml | txt