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Newark leader. ([Newark, Ohio]) 1917-1946, December 15, 1917, Image 1

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I
WATCH THIS PAPER GROW
IT’S THE PEOPLE’S PAPER
VOL. I
R-
Newark Trades &
Labor Assembly
The meeting of the Newark Trades
and Labor Assembly was called to
order at the regular hour by second
Vice President Frank Bailey. Bros.
T. O. Satlcr, Cliff Rosebrough and J.
C. Gilcrist acting as Vice President,
Secretary and Chaplain respectively.
Owing to the sever® weather the
room was too cold for comfort, and
the meeting, though well attended
and most interesting, was brief.
Minutes of the previous meeting
were read and approved.
Credentials were received from the
three new locals and the delegates,
being present, were obligated as
follows:
International Brotherhood of
Boilermakers No. 99—John Heatwole,
Louis Stare, James East.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of
America, No. 705—F. H. Bernfield,
W. H. Pugh, W. L. Drumm.
International Brotherhood of Black
smiths No. 323—R. A. Rine.
Reports from Special and Standing
Committees were made and necessary
action taken.
Bro. T. O. Satler read a communica
tion from the Superintendent of Pub
lic Schools asking for a meeting with
the committee recently appointed to
act on the matter of school gardens
for the coming year.
Bro. Samuel Alsdorf, chairman of
tobacco '■committee, reported pro
gress, and stated that arrangements
had practically been completed to
send large quantities of good union
made tobacco to our boys at the
various cantonments.
Organizer Cliff Rosebrough report
ed the charter had been received for
organizing a branch of the Federal
Labor Union in this city. This is an
excellent move, as it enables all
workers, both skilled and non-skilled,
to organize for their mutual benefit
and protection, affiliate with the cen
tral body, and become live, active,
energetic members of the noble army
of organized labor. When a suffi
cient number of any trade or craft
has been obtained they can apply for
a charter and organize a local of
their own. We most heartily endorse
this move and wish and predict it the
unbounded success it so richly de
serves.
The Organization Committee meets
Friday evening at 7:30 o’clock.
The Trustees reported the Liberty
Bonds subscribed for had been paid
for.
On motion it was ordered that a
safety deposit box be rented as a
deposit for the valuable documents
and papers of the Council.
Bro. Litten here passed the cigars
(union made, of course). When
pressed for the cause of this most
welcome act of generosity, he, blush
ingly admitted he had been guilty of
committing the act of matrimony on
Thanksgiving day, and was cele
brating the happy event.
Bro. John J. Callan, our most effi
cient Secretary, is with us no more,
He has heeded his country’s call and
enlisted in the naval branch of our
national defenders. If Bro. Callan
proves as good a “sea dog” as he is
a printer and secretary, his equal
will be hard to find, and Uncle Sam
will have a most loyal and efficient
lighter added to service.
Bro. Joseph Dolan, our First Vice
President, and one of the best posted
and most energetic and enthusiastic
union men in the city, has also joined
the navy, and with Bro. Callan will
be located at the training station in
Chicago. Bro. Dolan is gifted with
ready wit and an eloquent tongue,
which combined with his knowledge
on vital questions, makes him a con
vincing and able speaker. He will
be sorely mised by the Trades Assem
bly and organized labor. May God
speed both of our brothers, protect
and guide them in their hazardous
vocation, and give them safe return
,to resume their places in the business
and social life of our city.
Nothing further appearing
Council adjourned.
the
one
Our idea of a dutyful wife is
who practices what her husband
preaches.
Our idea of a slacker is a man who
persistently knocks his home town.
SM KA/
A MERRY CHRISTMAS FOR OUR
BOYS IN KHAKI
The American Red Cross with its
three million members has just com
pleted plans for the Christmas Cheer
of every soldier and sailor in the Na
tional Service. Many of the men who
will be in the cantonments and
trenches this year will be spending
their first Christmas away from
home. None will be forgotten.
Red Cross Chapters nearest the
thirty-two Army Camps and Canton
ments will probably arrange in their
towns, Community Christmas Trees
with carols, pageants and
movies to which the 600,000
training wil be invited.
holiday
men in
already
Many of the Chapters are
at work finishing their Christmas al
lotments of comfort bags. Most of
them are made of khaki and are
furnished with extra pairs of woolen
socks, and housewives with needles,
pins, thread and buttons. Detailed
suggestions of how to wrap these
Christmas packages for shipping will
be issued by the Red Cross. The
Red Cross will also welcome the co
operation of anyone desiring to have
a part in sending Christmas Cheer
to the men in training or at the
front. Some people will want to give
money to buy such articles as bags,
mouth organs, envelopes and paper,
safety razors, extra soap, spoons and
knives. Some will want to have a
personal part in tying up the pack
ages. Children will be asked to help
with the package making. The gifts
will be bought from contributions
sepecially given for the Christmas
greeting. The Red Cross War Fund
will not be used for this purpose.
Last year the American Red Cross
sent presents of various kinds to the
men on the Mexican border, and the
marines at Haiti and San Domingo.
The articles were suggested by Gen
eral Pershing on the request
Cross officials. Commenting
Red Cross Christmas gifts
soldiers, he said: “These
of Red
on the
to the
things
bring the soldier to remember that
the people at home are behind him.”
The following timely communica
tion by John Bush, our associate
editor, recently apeared in the Tampa
(Florida) Citizen, a live labor paper,
published by W. A. Riggs:
Food vs. Expense.
A great deal is being written just
now about conservation of food, and
among the tons of advice on the sub
ject it is difficult for the average
housekeeper’ to formulate any plan
by which she may regulate her food
expense to meet the ever-rising cost
of living.
With the revailing high prices of
all foodstuffs and the
confronting us, every
be made to conserve
and nutritious particle
wish to arrive at some
ily understood set of rules for elim
inating waste of foodstuffs and yet
to furnish a satisfying and nourish
ing dietary has given rise to a vari
ety of suggestions.
war situation
effort should
every eatable
of food. The
short and eas-
The Bureau of Home Economics of
the New York Association for Im
proving the condition of the Poor, in
a leaflet written by a food expert,
suggests the following comprehensive
plan to get the best results in spend
ing money for food:
“1. Spend from one-fourth to one
third of your food money for bread,
cereals, macaroni and rice.
“2. Buy at least from a third to a
half quart of milk a day for each
member of the family.
“3. Spend as much for fruits and
vegetables together as you do for
milk. If you use one half quart of
milk for each person this may not
always be possible. If not, spend as
much for vegetables and fruits as
one-third of a quart of milk would
amount to.
“4. Spend not more for meat and
eggs than for vegetables and fruits.
Meat and eggs may be decreased with
less harm than any of the other
foods mentioned. The amount spent
for meat may decrease as the amount
for milk increases.”
Cases have been known where- per
sons have gained in health and weight
on less food because the food was
combined and portioned scientifically.
Knowledge of these facts will pre
vent not only useless expenditure of
money, but much sickness as well.
The merchant who advertises in the
Leader will appreciate your patronage.
’Ik
Ami mA
NEWARK, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1917
Suggestions Father
Than Criticisms
Inspector W. E. Heck devotes seven
pages to a contemplation of Newark
City Civil Service Commission.
He puts a good deal in those seven
pages and deals flatly with this im
portant function of city government.
It is constituted: C. W. Kent, Pres.,
W. C. Symons, Vice Pres., Chas. W.
Moore, Clerk and the other member
W. G. Sutor. He does not find lapses
but is pointed with suggestions. His
report covers the time when H. C.
Ashcraft, Solicitor-elect, was clerk
and I. M. Phillips was a member of
the commission.
The minutes are accurately kept
and the public records are amply
signed. It is only necessary that they
be signed by the officers. He urges
that the list of eligibles to positions
be accurately kept and that they be
strictly adhered to, subject to proper
revision. The appointing
have not fully complied with
in following the commission
either by the elimination of
or the appointment of new employes
in city service. The commission
should hold the heads of departments
to make monthly reports of the em
ployes in service. Some cities have
established a minimum efficiency at
60 per cent. The inspector believes
it wise. He says the commission
should insist on medical examinations
as to fitness for service in the
“eligible.”
powers
the law
records,
the old
He asks that the commission adopt
such rules for the commission as shall
be in complete harmony with the
civil service laws of 1915. This com
mission has never filed an annual re
port with the State Commission in
conformity with Sec. 486-19-G. He
notes that this commission has held
stated examinations for the various
blanches of the'city service and have
held to the minimum grade of 75 per
cent in the individual.
The law of competitive examina
tions is not complied with according
to Sec. 486-31 of the Civil Service
Laws of Ohio 1915. At an early day
the commission should comply with
the “competition” feature of the law
and investigate the standing of the
individuals employed in the city de
partments. The eligible list, he finds,
is very limited. He advises the dura
tion of eligibility be extended to the
maximum period allowed by the law
of 1915. He finds that some of the
employes are not appointed after a
proper certification. Many are serv
ing without having taken an examina
tion under the law of 1915. He quotes
from an opinion given'by the attorney
general. All appointees should have
passed the examination as provided
by law, and with a grade as good or
better than the minimum grade of
fitness established by the local com
mission. He leans heavily on the at
torney generals opinion. He says, no
permanent appointment should be
made except with a compliance with
the law of 1915. The commission has
been diligent in their efforts and have
done all they could to get a sufficient
list of eligibles. He gives a list of
situations in which, in emergency,
appointments can be made. It is
covered, he says, that in exceptional
appointments they should follow sec.
484-14-G. C. and the person so ap
pointed should not hold the position
longer than 90 days.
He gives a detailed account of the
expenditures of the local commission
from March 1 to Dec. 31, 1915, Jan.
1, to Dec. 31, 1916 and from Jan. 1,
to May 8, 1917, a total of $1179.67.
col
for
He
re-
The commission, he says, have
lected no fees from applicants
admission to the classified list,
says the law is mandatory and
quires the collection of such fees,
is looked over this time but in
future the members of the commis
sion shall be held personally liable
to the city for the amount of such
fees as they should
collected and turned
treasury.
It
the
have charged,
into the
city
city had
paid
con-
He notes that the
Mr. A. A. Stasel two fees for
ducting the case of Burke vs. Collins.
He had interviewed Mr. Jones, who
was city solicitor at the time and
found that he was reluctant to enter
the case which involved a controversy
in the police department. He finds
though that the commission took the
initiative and not because Solicitor
Jones had refused to conduct the case.
Mr. Jones reputation for le^al ability
rtu
is well established and his energy and
zeal in behalf of his clients is well
known. The Inspector does no doubt
but had Mr. Jones been fully con
sulted that he would have ably and
properly represented the commission.
He points out that under date of
May 24, 1917, the Bureau of Inspec
tion of Public Offices states that
directors of public safety and civil
service commissions have not the
authority to employ “special counsel”
in cases of appeal from the commis
sion. Sec. 4308, G. C. places this
duty on the city solicitor.
He finds that the special services
rendered in the case, under discus
sion, were ably and faithfuly rendered
and his fee moderate.
Mr. Heck pays a tribute in closing
to the commission. He says—
“We are pleased to report that the
members of the commissino are all
greatly interested in their work and
are desirous of fully complying with
the law as it pertains to their de
partment. With the observance of
the recommendations herein in
corporated, we have but the most
favorable criticism to offer as to
management of the civil service
partment of the city.”
the
de­
LET’S HAVE IT STRAIGHT
the full text of General
classic remarks on war:
without shame that I am
Here is
Sherman’s
“I confess
sick and tired of war.
all moonshine.
most brillant, is over dead and man
gled bodies, the anguish and lamenta
tion of distant families appealing to
me for missing sons husbands and
fathers. It is only those who have
not heard a shot nor the shrieks and
groans of the waunded and lacerated
that cry aloud for more blood, more
vengeance, more desolation. War is
hell.”
Its glory is
Even success, the
THRIFT STAMPS TEACH SAVING
Thrifty and saving communities are
invariably hoeral supporters of trade
and commerce. Persons with deposits
in banks prefer paying cash to ask
ing for credit. Extravagance in the
time buyer usually leads to penury.
The average merchant would rather
have the cautious customer who pays
cash. Hoarders are actually enemies
of society. They help no one. It
follows, then, that the education of
people to become systematic savers
of their surplus income ani earnings
and depositors in banks is beneficial.
Immensely powerful as an educator
is the war savings certificate and
thrift stamp plan just launched by
the United States Government as a
permanent feature of financing the
great conflict. It is designed to reach
every individual in the United States.
The well-to-do people do not have to
be taught thrift. It is because they
understand it that they are in easy
circumstances. But the system will
touch many millions who have never
known a savings account and do not
understand banking. Interest is a
mystery to them. When urged in
England, from whom it is copied, the
thrift stamp nlan was opposed by the
bankers, merchants and small trades
men, who thought that the appeal
to give up comforts and luxuries
would spell loss for them. They
were genuinely alarmed. After six
teen months trial in that war torn,
sorely taxed and highly assessed
country, it was found that $500,000,
000 had been deposited in the form
of war certificates.
Marvelous to relate, every postal
bank, the other savings banks, the
building and loan associations and
other co-operative societies almost
without exception showed record in
creases in their deposits. Those
responsible for their management
are now hearty workers for the war
savings movement. Bankers see in
the plan the steady educating of a
mighty new army of future clients
of savings institutions. On the other
hand these vast amounts of money
promptly found their way back into
circulation through the great opera
tions of the war, thus stimulating
business and causing trade to thrive.
Tradesmen generally report larger
cash sales and firmer buying, the
sureness flowing from the ability to
pay based upon a savings account.
There are experts who predict that
the system eventually will transform
the English working people from
spendthrifts into a class of careful
saving folk like the French. The
effect thus far has been magical. Of
the 110,000,000 certificates deposited
in 16 months only 1,500,000 have been
cashed and more than 500,000 of these
were presented for redemption in
January and February
purpose of taking un
cent war loan. There
lion members of the
savings societies in
Scotland.
say that the present United States
System will produce six times that
number. Nor can one approximate
the future of a country in which al
most every citizen is a direct holder
of government securities.
last for the
the five per
are five mil
various war
England and
It is no exaggeration to
The Joy of Living
ACQUIRING, APPRECIATING AND
CONTRIBUTING
By J. J. Niemann
make money as a purpose in
To
life is derided in most high school
and college commencements. The
very ability is often held up to scorn.
Now stop and think a moment. Grant
that the mere possesion of this
world’s goods is in itself a low ideal
of success. Still, you must admit
that it is the basis for almost all
kind of happiness. To have all of the
necessaries, some of the comforts, and
a few of the luxuries of life, to pos
sess all of these because of your own
earning power, is a perfectly laudable
ambition for every man and woman.
Acquiring, winning, getting, having,
possessing, 'with the self-confidence
and contentment that comes in their
train, are the first elements of the
joy of living. Moreover, possessing
is the basis for the other kind of
happiness. Society seldom gives its
full confidence to any man who has
not shown an ability to establish
himself as a property holder, using
the term not in its liberal, but in its
figurative, sense. But mere having
is a limited joy in life. “To solely
seek and find and feast” is in indeed
a “poor vaunt of life.” Well-fed and
well-clothed and well-housed, together
with all the other marks of “well
healed” pleasure production. A sleek
cat lying before the fire in gorged
contentment, purring in the mere pos
session of a comfortable place in
which to lie, is all right for a cat but
such an existence has its drawbacks
for a human being. In fact, posses
sion means far more to some men
than to others. The having in one’s
$100,000 residence a $25,000 library
does not necessarily indicate real
riches in literature
the owner’s power
literature is limited
On the contrary, if
library consists of a single tattered
copy of Mecbeth or Hamlet he may
be rich in the power of enjoyment of
that one worn volume. No, it isn’t
success or happiness to have a horse
power purchasing ability and a
guinea-pig capacity of enjoyment.
Merely to have the privilege of riding
in a luxurious limousine all day and
all week and all month, and Do
Nothing More, usually indicates that
the possessor is of the calibre who
sighs, “Oh, dear, I find the time goes
so slow, I don’t know how to occupy
myself.”
For such empty, ignorant, narrow
souls, have pity! Their life is made
up of one old thing after another.
Remember that it isn’t real happiness
to have a large vocabulary and a glib
tongue if the only subject of conver
sation upon which you can use these
powers are your neighbor’s bonnets
or the latest scandal. Riches, then,
in the joy of living are partly in the
inward capacity to appreciate the
the better things of life. Acquiring!
Appreciating! Contributing! and the
greatest of these is Contributing.
To “Feed on Joy,” to go the world
over in the search of that which can
satiate even the most highly devel
oped powers of appreciation, that,
too, is a limited scope of living. One
must have something to give, some
service
power,
skillful
living
to render, some producing
Consider, for example, a
surgeon. What is his joy of
Money and the possessions
it brings? Yes, society pays well
for a surgeon’s skill. Enjoyment?
Yes, for the education that has pro
duced that man’s skill must have
brought with it the powers of ap
preciating the good things of life.
But Contributing! Ah, here, here
lies real joy. Think of the satisfac
tion of “going into” the twisted
spine of a little babe, and with the
skill of a master relieving the pain,
shame and suffering of a lifetime.
Or he has taken the blood clot from
the brain of a powerful statesmen,
and thus saved for the nation the ser
vices of an indispensable leader. Joy
must come to the surgeon in propor
tion to the amount and complexity
of suffering he is able to prevent or
remove. You cannot think of a man
of that kind estimating success mere
ly in dollars and cents.
Are you anxious to have the real
joy of living? Then, in your youth,
your growing time, get ready. First,
to wrest from this world an adequate
return for good workmanship second,
The
certainly not if
of appreciating
to dime novels,
a man’s whole
1
Subscription Price $1.00 per year
Single Copies 5 Cents
No. 4
to cultivate the powers of appre
ciating the best things in life to
crown possession and appreciation
with the gift of gifts. Contributing
Power.
OUR THANKS AND
SUGGESTIONS
We feel a justifiable pride in pre
senting this issue of the Leader to
the public. It compares most favor
ably with similar publications in the
state, in character of reading matter
and amount of advertising carried.
We desire to thank our represent
ative business firms for their kind
support, encouraging words and ready
and generous recognition of the value
and importance of our advertising
columns. We would emphatically
urge upon every union man and wo
man in the city, and all sympathizers
of organized labor to make a special
effort to paronize those firms who
by placing advertisements with us
have given the best possible evidence
of their friendliness to the cause and
proved their readiness to give their
financial as well as moral help and
influence to promote its welfare.
Read carefully what our merchants
tell you in their announcements, and
if necessary go a block or two farther
to patronize one who thus proves his
friendship for all of us, is our friend,
and asks us to give him consideration
when we need anything he can sup
ply. Do not only this, but advise
your friends to do likewise. Don’t
fail to read our advertisements, each
issue—they contain information of
interest to every suoscriber.
MOTHER AND WAR
By John Bush.
vital interests of America
hangs largely upon the influence of
our mothers, and a most important
work is hers in the economy of the
nation.
We say largely, because we would
not fail to give proper credit to other
great influences. The President,
Congress, the A. F. of L. and many
other influential bodies and statesmen
are using their best endeavors to
promote the general welfare of our
country, and bring to a speedy and
successful termination the struggle
in which we are involved. But ever
back of these forces is the mother’s
influence.
It seems to be nearly a universal
fact that men great in war had
mothers superior in character and in
tellect.’
Napoleon’s mother was noted for
her intellect and energy. The mother
of Washington exercised a command
ing influence in molding the life and
character of that great man. The
nation still delights to honor the
name of Mary, the mother of Wash
ington.
Cromwell’s mother was a women
of spirit and energy, whose pride
was honesty, and whose passion was
love and care for the safety of her
son in his dangerous eminence.
The author of these words I can
not recall, but their truth cannot be
denied:
“The hand that rocks the cradle is
the hand that rules the world.”
There is no velvet so soft as a
mother’s lap, no rose so lovely as
her smile, no path so flowery as that
imprinted with her footsteps. So
intense is the power of motherhood
that the remembrance of a mother’s
prayer has turned the tide of battle
from defeat to victory.
There is one vision that never fades
from the soul of a soldier or sailor,
and that is the vision of mother and
home. No soldier or sailor in all his
weary wanderings ever goes beyond
the overshadowing reach of home and
mother.
The queen who sits upon the throne
of home, crowned and sceptered, as
none other can be, is mother. Her
enthronment is complete, her reign
unrivaled and
her empire are
“He
the moral issues of
eternal.
who thinks by force
is a fool,
or skill,
turn the
mother’s
“To
current of a loving
will.”
The sagacious reader who is ca
pable of reading between these lines
that which
nevertheless
form some
spiration.
is not written but is
implied, will be able to
conception of my in­

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