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Newark leader. ([Newark, Ohio]) 1917-1946, December 29, 1917, Image 1

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WATCH THIS PAPER GROW
IT’S THE PEOPLE’S PAPER
VOL. I
Newark Trades &
Labor Assembly
The regular meeting of the Trades
and Labor Assembly was called to
order at 9:30 a. m., Sunday, by Pres.
W. M. Morgan. A large number of
delegates were present and a great
amount of important business was
disposed of.
The Legislative Committee reported
the result of their visit to Columbus
in the matter of coal shortage, which
was well received and the committee
complimented on the success they had
achieved.
Under the head of good and wel
fare many good suggestions were
made which will be successfully car
ried out and will result in great bene
fit to the movement in general. De
tails will appear in later reports of
Assembly proceedings.
John Bush, associate editor of the
Newark Leader, was appointed mem
ber of the censor board.
Delegates from newly formed
unions were present and presented
credentials as follows: Federal Labor
Union, Hotel and Restaurant Em
ployes and Boilermakers. The new
representatives were welcomed and
duly accepted and given seats in the
Assembly.
The following letters from Bro. J.
E. Streit, of the Naval Training Base
Hospital, Hampton Roads, Va., were
read:
Newark Trades & Labor Asembly:
Dear Sirs and Brothers:
Received your most welcome letter
and wish to thank you very sincerely
for my punishment for deserting, as
“Rosey” said, I had. Things here are
as good as could be expected under
the circumstances, we have many sick
boys in the hospital and all have
plenty of work, so we don’t get much
chance to wish we were home. I for
one am not sorry that I enlisted, and
I intend to see this thing through if
.it is the last thing I do on this earth.
I don’t think any of us will get to
go home until spring, and when it
gets around to me I am going to take
a furlough so I can come to a meet
ing. We can only get five, days and
three days traveling time during war
times. It seems that I have not been
to a meeting for a year.
You fellows should see some of the
ships come in here with their war
paint on—they would fool you all
right some look like they are coming
at you and in reality they are going
at right angles. I haven’t noticed
any union tobacco here in Norfolk,
and not a union cigar or cigarette,
or any union clotehs.
Well, I guess this is enough, so I
will close. Thanking you again, I am
respectfully yours J. E. Streit.
Dec. 19th, 1917.
Dear Sirs and Brothers:
I did think that I would be able to
come home for New Years, but I
don’t think so now—it is funny how
easy a person can change his mind
down here. I read in the paper were
J. J. Callan has joined the navy and
also a lot more from Newark. I hope
they will all be back sometime safely.
I also read about the sad fate of the
brother of Bro. Leedy which I was
very sorry to read.
I hope we will be able to get at
them and settle in full for that and
all the rest of their brutal deeds. I
don’t know of anything else now, ex
cept that I have jumped from 157 to
161% pounds, that isn’t so bad for
the time I have been here. Wishing
you all a very Merry Christmas and
a Happy New Year, I am
Your Fraternally,
J. E. STREIT.
The succes of the Newark Leader,
labor’s new organ, was complimented,
and assurance given that many new
subscribers will be secured in the
near future.
The following officers for the en
suing year were elected and obligated:
Pres.—W. M. Morgan.
1st Vice Pres.—Joe Dolan.
’2nd Vice Pres.—W. H. Coconour.
Sec’y—Frank Bailey.
Fin. Sec’y—Paul H. ZiegfehL
Treas.—T. O. Sattler.
Chaplain—J. S. Gilcrist.
Trustees—Robt Williams, Ed Streit,
Walter Jones,
When the gavel finally fell it was
to close one of the largest and most
enthusiastic meetings ever held by
the Assembly. Every delegate is a
live, active, energetic worker for the
cause of unionism, and harmony and
good fellowship prevail. Labor is
united as never before, and all join
in the noble object of keeping Newark
where she now stands and rightfully
belongs, the best organized city in
proportion to population, in the great
state of Ohio.
PROGRESS
By John Bush.
statement by the inspired
The
writer “By their fruits ye shall know
them,” is as true of organizations as
of individuals. Any organization, to
merit and hold the 1’espect of thinking
people, must have a record of past
achievements, of present usefulness,
and give promise of future helpful
ness.
To be progressive, we men of labor
organizations and delegates to the
Trades and Labor Assembly, should
observe these facts at all times. Our
organzation is growing for many
reasons because of past service to
the laborer, because at present it
meets the wants and needs of the
toilers, and because it is an organiza
tion that gives promise of future ser
vice to the working people.
We who are basking in the sun
shine of- present-day labor prosperity
should remember the debt of gratitude
we owe to those who struggled and
toiled against a hostile press, against
the opinion of a misinformed public,
and with faith and devotion laid a
foundation upon which we and future
generations can Build. The past
year, from a point of new locals
organized and growth in memebrship,
is the banner year. Not only the
laboring men, but many of the pro
minent business men and progressive
citizens, have watched with satis
faction our growth, progress and de
velopment under the administration
of our shrewd, proficient and ag
gressive President W. M. Morgan.
The delegates to the Assembly are
members of the only Order which re
presents labor in its organized ca
pacity in the city. With them rests
the solution of those problems which
mark the progress of the laboring
people of Newark. Our stand toward
public questions, in which labor is
interested, is credited as the attitude
of labor. This fact alone means
great responsibility as we act as the
agent- for thousands of working
people.
We should at all times discriminate
between policies and politics. In a
broad sense we should be broad
minded and charitable enough to
carry our policies parallel with other
organizations or political parties
without crossing wires. But if the
policies which the Assembly may ad
vocate become mistaken for politics,
then better harmony prevail at the
expense of legislation.
To look to the well-being of the
labor movement should be oui* first
duty. Resolutions count for little
unless we can put them into action
A few less resolutions might do no
harm, providing we concentrate our
activties on those we formulate and
push them to actual accomplishment.
Let us eliminate the non-essentials
but push the essentials.
HAT ETIQUETTE
In reply to the question, “Please
tell when and where are, or is, the
correct time for a gentleman to re
move his hat?” we reply: Without
consulting authorities of etiquette in
fact, giving it to you offhand, so to
speak, we should say at the following
times and at the following occasions,
respectively, the hat should be lifted
or removed as circumstances indi
cate: When mopping the brow when
taking a bath when eating when
going to bed when taking up a col
lection when having the hair trim
med when being shampooed when
standing on the head.—Wichita,
(Kas.) Beacon.
HE BEAT.IT
Said he, “Your rug is on the line
And I will gladly beat it
If you will hand me out a lunch
And give me time to eat it.”
So when his hunger was appeased
He quickly left his seat,
And he did exactly as he said,
He beat it—down the street
—Pittsburg Press
-'A..
NEWARK, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 29, 191
City has a Good
Rate on Charity.
Inspector Heck contemplates the
Newark City Hospital in a good
frame of facts.
He reports for March 1, 1915 to
May 5, 1917. He notes that it is
governed by eleven trustees and
seventeen lady managers. The or
ganization of the former is: Pres.,
J. R. Fitzgibbon Treas., C. H.
Spencer Sec’y. H. D. Woodbridge,,
and Messrs. E.. C. Wright, W. M.
Morgan, W. L. Prout, Roe Emerson,
Lee Riley, W. H. Cocanour, Edward
Kibler, Sr. and G. B. Sprague. The
lady organization is: Pres., Mrs. H.
D. Woodbridge Vice Pres., Mrs.
Frank Kennedy Treas., Mrs. W. H.
Davis Sec’y, Mrs. F. M. B. Windle
Supt., Miss Evelyn Bietsch, Book
keeper, Miss Gertrude Fowler, and
Mesdames S. F. VanVoorhis, Linnie
B. Allen, A. J. Baldwin, Guy Billings
lea, Louis Daerr, Frank Fitzgibbon,
J. F. Irwin, Louis Kastla, Edward
Kibler, A. R. Pitzer and Kate Roe.
It was erected during the year
1914 and was opened in December,
that year. It was built by popular
subscription and has a capacity of 50
beds. One sixth of a mill was added
to the tax levy to assist in main­
THE LEADER’S HOPES FOR
NEW YEARS DAY
The Leader being a mere infant, has no regrets for
past misdeeds. It has, however, all hopes for the future,
with the not altogether untried world ahead of it. It has
good wishes too for its friends, patrons, members of its
calling list—for all of human kind.
As George the IV. said when he declared a Thanks
giving Day, during the Revolutionary War by way of
excuse, "Let us thank God that affairs are 'no worse
than they are". With the world at war it is not opportune
to hope for peace and plenty. We can 'hope however,
and our readers will be with us, that the present world
disutrbance may end with the least possible effusion of
blood. That men may again ’all reach that base line of all
well directed Human action, the Brotherhood of Man:
The Fatherhood of God. We may hope that the
year 1918 may bring about that fuller understanding among
all men without regard to race or creed. That the baptism
of fire through which the world is passing may bring about
that, Peace on Earth, Good Will to all Mankind, prayed
for from the top of a Judean Mountain, two thousand years
ago and voiced through the succeeding ages, by the
Christian World.
The Leader is devoutfully thankful to all who have
faith in it. It pledges itself, on the approaching birth of the
New Year, to do all in its power for those in the scope of
its influence. It passes its first New Year with no malice
or ill will toward any living thing. As the years add age
to it, it will attempt to aid the real progress of the world,
to giving the mantle of charity to the weak and encourage
ment to the strong in their efforts toward the improvement
of civil, social and political conditions -and the family life.
To its individual friends it wishes every good and
perfect gift for the New Year. From them it still invites
well timed and intelligent criticism and suggestion. It will
Strive to be right, within the bounds of human fallibility
and temperate, even charitable in its criticism.
The Leader bids you all a Happy New Year.
An Illuoiratecl Lecture to be Given by the Rev.
George Bohon Schmitt
taining the hospital in 1915 and 1916
In semi-annual settlements of Feb.
1915 to and including the February
settlement of this year the hospital
received a total of $4,112.39 from the
public revenues. In the year 1915
the hospital received a total of $22,
217.92 and expended $23,728.76. In
the year 1916 they received $21,816.
56 and expended $21,706.77. Total
receipts during the time was $44,034.
48 and disbursements $45,435.53.
During the year 1915 and 1916 the
city in taxes turned over to the hos
pital $3,427.04 for the care of indi
gent persons coming to the hospital
for treatment. In that time there
were 202 charity patients and they
were cared for a total of 2167 days.
The daily average cost of each
charity patient was $1.58 and the
and the average cost per patient
was $16.93.
The inspector calls attention to the
fact that April 2, 1902 the electorate
of the city voted to erect a municipal
hospital. Records do not show that
bonds were issued or a municipal
hospital erected. The city had voted
to issue $35,000 worth of bonds. The
city council in 1903, by the records,
decided to contribute to the hospital
by general taxation. It has been
followed ever since.
He closes with “Our observation is
that the city is having its charity
cases cared for at a reasonable rate,
ORGANIZED LABOR
Watch Newark Leader for Date
and Place
and that the service rendered is all
that could be demanded.”
During the two years 1488 patients
were admitted and 1402 were dis
charged. There were a total of 80
deaths in the hospital and a total
1028 operations.
of
IS THERE A SHORTAGE OF
LABOR?
(Intern. Iron Molders’ Journal).
The individuals and corporations
who are advocating the conscription
of labor for the production of war
materials are basing the necessity
for their demand upon an alleged
shortage of labor. The farms have
been depleated they assert, therefore,
Chinese and Japanese must be brought
in to take the place of the American
farm hands
colors. The
and factories
women must
try to replace the men, ships must
be built, munitions manufactured, the
nation must develop its highest effi
ciency for production, the surplus of
labor has already been exhausted and
in addition there is a great demand
for labor, therefore there must be
conscription of labor, women must
be introduced in the industry to do
work formerly performed by men,
and Orientals must be brought in to
do not only farm work, but to enter
the shops, factories and mines.
who have joined the
workmen in’ the mills
have enlisted, therefore
be drafted into indus-
The newspaper items which have
appeared throughout the country for
the last few months bear evidence
of a wide-spread effort on the part
of some forces to create a belief in
the public mind that there is such
a scarcity of labor that the nation’s
welfare is being menaced, and to
develop a public opinion which would
support that element among the em
ployers who are desirous of having
labor conscripted so that their own
arbitrary methods in determining
terms of employment and conditions
of labor could have full swing.
Realizing that the oft repeated
statement that there was a shortage
of labor would in time convince the
public that this was true, steps were
taken by the officials of several states
and by the American Federation of
Labor to discover whether any short
age of labor exists. It was found
that not only was there no shortage,
but that there are hundreds of thou
sands of men available for industry,
the only localities where there was
a shortage being two or three muni
tion manufacturing centers where,
owing to insufficient housing, workers
to man the plants were in demand.
Not only is there no shortage of
labor, but in addition the statistics
already gathered furnish ample evi
dence that there will be no shortage
of labor, the problem for the present
and for sometime in the future being
wholly that of providing sufficient
houses in the neighborhood where
large umbers of men are required.
The dollar patriots who see in the
war an opportunity of replacing men
by women and of destroying the
trade-union organization of their em
ployes must not, and will not, be per
mitted to carry out their feudalistic
program.
WAR SAVINGS IN A NUTSHELL
Q. What is the War-Savings plan?
A. It is a plan by which you can
lend small savings to your govern
ment at 4 per cent interest, com
pounded quarterly.
Q. How may this be done?
A. By purchasing War-Savings
Stamps and Thrift Stamps.
Q. What is a War-Savings Stamp?
A. It is a stamp for which the
government will pay you $5 on Jan.
1, 1923.
Q. What does it cost?
A. Between $4.12 and $4.23 during
1918, depending upon the month in
which purchased.
Q. What is a Thrift Stamp?
A. It is a stamp costing 25 cents',
to be applied in payment for a War
Savings Stamp. It does not earn in
terest. The purpose of its issue is
to enable people to accumulate in
small sums the amount necessary to
pay for a War-Savings Stamp.
Q. Where can I buy them?
A. At postoffices, banks and
thorized agencies.
au-
Q. Why should I buy them?
A. Every dollar loaned to the gov
ernment helps to save the lives of
our men at the front and to win the
war.
Subscription Price $1.00 per year
Singie Copies 5 Cents
By J. J. Niemann
Federal reports show that nine
tenths of the wage earners of this
country receive less than $1,000 a
year. It requires at least that amount
to prow- decent living conditions
for the average family of today.
Less than that sum means under
feeding, or insanitation, or physical
decadence. It means a toll levied
upon life and health, which this Na
tion cannot afford.
The preventable mortality in this
country is greater than the mortality
of war. Science knows that the chief
cause of disease is poverty that di
sease can never be eliminated as
long as people are forced to live
poorly and close together.
It is a well known fact that the
great mass of the American people
have not in reality shared in the
prosperity of the country during the
war period. Wage increases have
been insignificant in comparison
with the rise in prices in every neces
sity of life. In turning the money
he. has made into food, fuel rent,
clothing, and so forth, the average
man has found that it would not go
as far as in times when his earnings
were much smaller. Some say under
such circumstances justice in taxa
tion means that it shall have the
same effect upon the conditions of
life of the people who pay it. Let
us demand that taxes shall be laid
upon the possessors of vast incomes
and the receivers of excess profits to
a point where they feel the sting of
sacrifice, before they are levied upon
the man whose every dollar is needed
to maintain a decent standard of
existence for himself and family. It
is just, indeed, to conscript these in
comes. The Nation does not borrow
men for war it takes them. Surely
money is not to be regarded as more
valuable than manhood, property
more sacred than persons. Morality
and religion are but words to him
who fishes in the gutter for means
of sustaining life, and crouches be
hind barrels in the street for
from the cutting blasts of a
night.
We read so much about
being broken up. According to a bul
letin recently issued by the Equit
able Life Insurance Co. there are
twenty-two million men in the United
States between 18 and 44 years of
age, and of these, ten million are
bachelors. The years from 18 to 44
represent the period in which marriage
normally occurs, and yet nearly one
half of the American men of this
age-group are not married. These
men are not bachelors from choice,
but because living is so expensive in
this country, and incomes so relative
ly uncertain that “marriage has be
come a luxury whose sheer cost
causes many prudent men to hesi
tate”. The Chicago Herald, in com
menting on this alarming situation,
says: “In order to assure their own
prosperity, the governments must
conspire to arrange economic affairs
in such a way that reasonable men
and women may marry without
financial fear.” Somebody is begin
ning to see that they are starving
the geese that lay the golden eggs
Something is breaking up the home,
and doing a thorough job of it, too.
ii
a
i
No. 6 1
Is The Worker
Patriotic?
Ten million American homes that
might have been,-but could not be,
because greed has taken such a heavy
toll from American labor that ten
million American workingmen of
marriageable age have found them
selves unable to meet the expense of
maintaining homes! Go into any of
our large cities, and walk up one
street and down another, and you
will find miles of houses bearing the
sign, “Rooms for rent.” This means
two things. It means that the oc
cupants of those houses are unable
to live upon their incomes, and must
eke out their meager earnings by
sharing their habitations with others.
And, far more serious than this, it
means, that millions and millions of
American men and women have no
homes at all, but must live, or exist,
each in a little room in a stranger’s
house. The barrenness of such a life
is known only to those who have 4
lived it and yet, if present condi
tions continue, the day is near at
hand when this class will be in the
(Continued on page 2, col. 2)
1
shelter
winter
homes

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