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Newark leader. ([Newark, Ohio]) 1917-1946, January 05, 1918, Image 1

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VuL. I
Oh, Consistency,
Thou Art a Jewel!
The President of The W. H. Mazey
Co. Has Two Widely Different
Views on the Subject of
A few days since the Newark
Chamber of Commerce published an
interesting article relating to the
past,-present and future prospects,
achievements, advantages, &c. of the
city. Incorporated in the story were
the views and opinions of some of
Newark’s business men. Mr. W. H.
Mazey, Pres, of The W. H. Mazey
Co., expressed himself, in part, as
“While the present fellowship spirit
of Newark is'co-operative, it should
be directed along channels looking
to our industrial development. We
have in recent years ntenimized the
fact that industrial progress is the
great reason for the life of our or
ganization. I hope to see in 1918
the idea of placing small factories
around throughout this community
developed until it becomes not the
only reason but the paramount rea
son for our existence. I would rec
ommend for 1918 that we keep in
the foreground as the big reason for
the existence of this organization,
the placing in operation of a small
factory we can promote in our
midst, and I would finally urge the
city council and the officers of the
Chamber of Commerce, a strong per
sonal resolve to work together in
the developing of every idea that
makes Newark a better place than
the other city in which to live.”
The prosperous President of the W.
H. Mazey Co. evidently intended this
noble sentiment to be applied to the
“other fellow”, as he recently, when
in conversation with a representative
of the Newark Leader, appeared to
hold an entirely different opinion in
regard to the establishment of new
industries, tending to the promotion
of the welfare and advancement of
business in Newark. Upon this oc
casion Mr. Mazey, in substance, ex
pressed himself as follows:
“Nothing doing! I am most em
phatically and unalterably opposed to
another newspaper in Newark. To
advertise in it would give my ap
parent endorsement and add to my
already enormous overhead expenses.
The Newark papers are charging me
most, outrageous prices for adver
tising. I don’t think we need another
paper. Believe I do not care to use
the columns of the Leader, at least
not at present.’’
A glance through the pages of the
Leader will prove that scores of
manufacturing, business and pro
fessional men in Newark do not co
incide with the honorable President
of The W. H. Mazey Co., and have
given substantial proof of holding an
opposite opinion by gladly and gen
erously using its columns as a means
to reach the general public. We know
that their advertisements have been
productive of results and have gained
trade that otherwise would have gone
elsewhere. The union men and wo
men who subscribe for and read our
paper, believe in reciprocity, and their,
acts prove*the truth of their belief.
The Newark Leader is here to stay.
It is here to aid in every way the
cause of organized labor. It has a
large* and rapidly increasing list of
subscribers composed of members of
every union in the city. Its columns
furnish a valuable means of reach
ing a desirable class of cash buyers
who are making good money, and
are going to spend it. We urge upon
them the advisability of spending it
among our friends.
The business men whose ads appear
in the Leader are entitled to your
Mayor Augustus Atherton
By John Bush
It is interesting to note the fact
that Newark’s present mayor is the
third member of the Atherton family
to be elected to that important office.
The great-uncle of Augustus Ather
ton, Gibson Atherton, was one of the
first mayors of Newark after the in
corporation of the city, being elected
in 1860.
The family history of the smiling
faced mayor is quite interesting. His
grandparents were'Augustus W. and
Cynthia M. Atherton. The former
was a native of Newark township and
was bom in 1824. The grandmother,
Cynthia M. Taft, was born in Knox
county. His, great grandfather was
John Atherton, who came from Penn
sylvania and settled in Licking county
when the land was largely uncul
tivated. He took up the task of
farming amidst pioneer environments,
and assisted largely in the early
development of the county. He re
sided here until his death which oc
cured when he was 82 years of age.
Gibson Atherton, one of his sons,
aside from being one of the first
mayors, was a prominent and in
fluential resident of the county. He
served as prosecuting attorney and
gained distinction as a noted criminal
lawyer. He represented his district
in congress for four years and was
appointed judge of the Supreme
The father of the mayor, Herbert
Atherton, followed farming until 1885
when he moved to Newark where he
engaged in the real estate and coal
business. In 1890 he was elected real
estate appraiser for the city of New
ark and the same year was chosen
county commissioner which position
he held for six years. In 1898 he was
elected mayor and again in 1900 and
also in 1907, having a majority of
ten hundred and sixteen.
William Atherton, a brother of the
present mayor, in 1909 was secretary
to the general manager of the Cin
cinnati, Hamilton & Dayton R. R. and
the Pere Marquette R. R.
Sincerity, loyalty, trustworthiness,
these are qualities that stand as
salient elements in the character of
the mayor’s family. In turn his
friends believe in him, and feel that
their faith will never be misplaced.
The writer, having had the pleasure
of being a next door neighbor to the
mayor’s mother, is sure that if he has
inherited the loyalty, trustworthiness
and honorable elements of character
and will follow the teachings of his
loving, loyal, Christian mother, New
ark will have an efficient mayor of
the city can well feel proud.
agreement signed by the
America, and the Stove Founders
Defense Assn., an increase of 15 5-8
per cent has been obtained on piece
work, and 75 cents per day on time
Union of North
The Lehigh Valley Railroad has
raised wages of its machinists 6 cts.
an hour, making the rate 42 cents an
hour, or 12 cents more than when
they were unorganized.
The wiremen, members of Electrical
Workers Union, of Rock Island, Ill.,
have a signed agreement providing
for an eight hour $5 day.
Typographical Union No. 250, of
Beaver, Pa., recently obtained an in
crease of $2 to $4 per week, with a
three year contract.
Finds Fault with
Safety Department
devotes 27 pages
the safety depart-
inspector Heck
to his sudvey of
ment of the city.
of the importance
After a review
of this office in an official and finan
cial way, he finds that the office, im
portant as it is, does not keep a
cash book. Entries of receipts are
made only in its .minute books. He
advises the use of a cash book so
the records may be
accurately kept.
completely and
says, files no
the auditor, as
The director, he
monthly report with
provided for and required by Section
4286 of the General Code of Ohio.
These monthly reports are, under
the law, due to be filed as stated, on
the first Monday in each month. He
finds that the director, in his official
capacity, revises all of the city’s pur
chases and the approval of certain
claims. He has not always properly
itemized them, they should be com
He finds that the total receipts in
1915 were $51,658.54 and disburse
ments were $53,048.86. In 1916 total
receipts were $62,544 20 and total dis
bursements were $62,931.10. In the
part of 1917 reported on Jan. 1, to
May 5 there were a total of receipts
$29,999.10 and total disbursements of
There were a total of* time loans
to the city by the banks in the time
inspected of $22,500, all of which
were paid with the interest $373,41.
With the action of the council the
department has paid delayed claims
and vouchers which he says .is a
loose method. The department
should notify all holders of vouchers
to cash them in before the first of
the year. It is wrong to let them run
over and pay from the “contingent”
The policemen of the city, he says,
are allowed each a day off in a
month. and 15 days vacation each
year. He recounts the buildings of
the police system of the city and finds
that the oM city prison is unsanitary
and very hard to keep clean. It was
erected in 1874 and the city has out
grown it. It is high time, he says,
that it should be modernized to meet
the needs of this city. The keeper
of the city prison is paid 13 1-3 cts.
for each meal furnished a prisoner
and during the time covered by this
audit there has been paid $6,177,85,
a period of a little over two years.
It is greatly in excess, he says, of
similar bills paid by cities the size
of Newark or cities one half larger
than Newark.
The total disbursements in the
police department for 1915 were
$23,071,32 for 1916 $21,685.75 and
the part of 1917 $6,981.05.
He notes a number of erroneous
payments the aggregate of them is
small, less than 60 in the total, but
he censures the safety department for
its failure to properly verify the
claims presented. There is no excuse,
he says, for the safety department
in its failure to audit all bills before
sending them to the auditing depart
ment for payment. A claim for
traveling expenses was paid the chief
of police, while in pursuit of an ac
cused person. He says that such bills
are not to be paid. He finds some
small over payments to officers and
office help, but he says the chief of
police gave a satisfactory explana
tion in each. They should be avoided
in the future. He deprecates the
loose policy of sometimes paying
police and other officers in advance.
The city auditor has no right, he
says, to pay policemen for overtime,
but it must be settled by giving them
time off.
He refers to the murder of officer
Walter Boscowen, July 1, 1915. The
city paid a total of $501.23 for, med
ical, surgical and nurse charges.
It is not in'conformity of law, but
it may be looked over in the light of
the fact that the officer lost his life
in an attempt to protect the good
order of the city,
the great advantage
a good police force
that each member of
should keep himself
On account of
to the city of
Mr. Heck says
the department
above possible
The books of the fire department,
he says, are neatly and accurately
kept. It is very important that the
time book should be very clear and
accurate. He says that a municipal
fireman is paid for the time he is on
duty. Should he be off a day the
proper reduction should be made.
Firemen get an annual vacation, on
pay of 14 days each year.
The Newark- fire alarm system was
installed over 30 years ago but is
kept in good order by the chief. There
are 34 alaim boxes which he says
are not enough,
There are 709 fire
director of safety
invoice of all prop-
He enjoins the
to take an annual
erty in his control and should care
fully file and preserve such reports.
He refers to the police relief fund
which provides for 20 years service
and honorable discharge a pension of
$b0 per month and an additional $3
per month for each additional year
of service up to 20 years. Ho urges
the creation of the relief fund by
taking a port of the liquor tax and
place it in the hands of the treasurer
of the relief fund. He urges the
trustees of the police relief fund to
at once demand the transfer to them
of funds coming to them.
The trustees of the firemen relief
fund are similarly urged.
A Thought for 1918
By F. C. Bailey
The year 1917 is gone! 1910 is on!
What are our Intentions, our hopes^
our aspirations for the coming year?
The past year has been a year that
will long be remembered for the
things accomplished, much too long
and too numerous to mention. Great
strides have been made in all lines
toward a better understanding. Many
have been the sacrifices of the past,
and there must be many more in the
year to come. Each of us has prob
ably centered his mind upon some
special thing he will do this year.
Something that will benefit his fellow
man. But! have we in pur hurry
forgotten something? What have we
planned for our homes? What have
we in store for our “silent partner”?
In starting this new year, let us
start at the beginning, and not hurry
through with our aspirations, only to
look back and find that we have ac
complished nothing. ,But in this year
when all the world is filled with blood
shed and suffering, when men are at
each others throats in the struggle
for “Democracy” in this year when
each of us have planned some sacri
fice, let us not forget the very founda
tion of mankind “The Home”. Let
our first thoughts be, “What can we
do to brighten our homes?” How
can we sacrifice to benefit “Those who
by the ties of home have claim upon
us?” Ah! Let us see. Have we
spoken an unkind word last year that
could have remained unspoken? Have
we left the house in a fit of anger and
slammed the door, to the wonder of
those little ones upon whose minds
are stamped our every act? Have
we left home in the morning in this
mood, and on closing the gate met a
neighbor lady and with the greatest
of care raised our hat and smiled our
best? Ah! Well that was 1917. This
year it will be different. We will try
and make our home the brightest in
the community. We will see that the
love fires are burning bright before
we leave the home, so that we may
find them burning when we return.
We will eliminate all unkindness
of the past so that our little ones, as
they grow up, may never know the
blight of selfish anger, and in making
the world “A fit place to live in” we
may also make our homes a place
where love, tenderness and sympathy
prevail. So that,
passed the meridian
journeying toward
“Our hands may be
of charity and love, the golden key
that opens the palace of eternity.”
when we have
of life, and are
our final goal,
filled with deeds
The Federated Shop Employes,
Cumberland, Md., employed by the
Western Maryland R. R., have re
ceived an increase of 10 cents an
hour. The workers are 100 per
I like it.
Tobacco is a dirty weed—
I like it,
It satisfies no normal need—(
It makes you thin, it makes you lean
It takes your hair right off your bean
It’s the worst dam stuff I’ve ever seen.
I like it.
I count that man idle who might
l-e better employed.—Socrates.
..V .■■■■:./. .■/ j. I..A
Why Learn Spanish?
By J. J. Niemann
The greatness, prosperity, and com
mercial progress of our Latin-Ameri
can neighbors are already being felt.
Enterprising Americans have already
begun to reap the fruits of the ad
vantages offered in commerce and
industry from the commercial inter
course with these rising nations. The
best preparation for the proper be
ginning in such commercial relations,
however, is the ability to speak and
write the Spanish language. It is
no secret that the Germans have been
successful in capturing South Ameri
can commerce simply because they
have been able to speak the language
of the people. This is "their best
possible introduction’to the Latins of
America. The railroads of Venezuela
are controlled by Germans, and they
do not hesitate to say that their best
way to develop their commercial re
lations with these peoples is the
ability to speak and understand their
language. In the same manner the
Germans have captured the com
merce of Bolivia. Up to the outbreak
of the present European war, fifty
per cent of all Bolivian imports came
from Germany. These are merely a
few isolated facts to show that the
openings which Latin-America pre
sents in a commercial way for North
Americans cannot be overestimated.
Indeed, the present opportunity is a
gold mine for all American industries.
Commercial bodies and companies are
now devising ways and means for
the capturing of the commerce that
before the war was the possession of
the European markets. The first
task is to learn the Spanish language.
The commercial agent who goes to
Latin-America with a fairly good
knowledge of the Spanish language
has already won the first victory,
the confidence of the people. 1 In
commercial as well as other relations,
one cannot make any successful pro
gress in a foreign country without a
good knowledge of the language of
the people. In commerce, threfore,
the great and important foreign lan
guage for the Americans to learn is
Spanish. This they must do if they
wish to compete successfully with
Europeans in securing Latin-Ameri
can business, and to command a
salary of $5,000 and $10,000 a year.
These positions are not limited to men
only, they are also open to women. I
understand Bohemian, German, Polish,
Slavish and Moravian, but very little
Spanish. I would gladly forget all
if I could speak Spanish, for I know
what it would mean for me. The
Spanish language is not difficult. It
is the most sonorous and at the same
time the most logical of the Romance
languages. It is also the most im
portant. Sixty-five million people
speak Spanish, forty of which are
our neighbors in South America.
Only fifty million speak French, the
next most important Romance lan
guage. The commercial importance
of Spanish for the North American
is very evident. The increasing mar
kets of America must provide for
the millions of people that are dest
ined to be our commercial compet
itors and neighbors. The two Ameri
cas will be united by commercial
bonds that progress and the increase
in population and the comforts of
life will strengthen from year to
To the question, Why learn Spanish
the American student should answer:
I wish to learn to speak and read and
write Spanish in order to travel in
the prosperous and rising nations of
Latin-America and study their life,
manners, and above all, their com
rperce. I wish to learn Spanish in
order to be able to use the language
in a commercial way, and increase
my earning power by being able to
deal in Spanish-American business. I
wish to learn Spanish to help in the
development of trade relations with
Latin-America. I wish to learn
Spanish because I wish to know the
language of our nearest neighbors,
with whom we are now beginning to
have important and ever inceasing
business dealings.
Young men and women who are
learning the Spanish language with
the sole purpose of going to South
America with the intention of devel
oping our trade relations will be
creating a better feeling between the
two Americas, and at the same time,
they will be helping to make our own
country richer, stronger, and employ­
Subscription Price $1.00 per year
Single Copies 5 Cents
No. 7
ment for thousands of Americans
more permanent. The American
Federation of Labor has brought these
facts before the public time and time
again. I think such callings are
patriotic. Not to see the opportunity
in South America is to be blind wi»
fully. The war has awakened South
America. South America has infinite
resources, and deserves, as nations,
long credit. They can not manufact
ure all that they need today. Nor
tomorrow. Before they develop their
own industries they will need to go
outside of South America to buy
many things. We can make them.
In the development of their own inc
dustries they will need capital.
North America has it
That more harm than good will
result from the general practices of
“hysterical economy” is the opinion
of S. W. Straus, President of the
American Society for Thrift, who
voiced this warning in a statement
made public recently. “The tendency
on the part of many of our citizens”,
Mr. Straus said, to practice indis
criminate economy at this time is
regrettable because of the danger of
injustice to legitimate business enter
prises, without any benefit therefrom
to qur government in winning the
war. Furthermore, it is regrettable
because of the possibility of fostering
a popular misunderstanding of the
true meaning of thrift.
“We must bear in mind that money
is just as essential in winning the
war as food, ammunition and guns.
Any condition, therefore, which tends
to halt business, transacted along con
servative lines, and stop the flow of
money through the customary chan
nels, saps our financial power.
“We must differentiate between th6
elimination of waste and the with
holding of money from legitimate
business. We must remember that
what is one man’s luxury is another
man’s necessity, jointly creating
transaction on which business and
employment depend. This statement
does not, of course, imply encourage
ment of extravagance. In the prac
tice of true thrift now or at any time,
there is no waste. Especially now
we must abstain from using for in
dividual needs any essentials neces
sary to the government for the suc
cessful prosecution of the war. We
must subscribe liberally and to our
greatest ability to the Liberty Loans
and war charities, but we must re
member also that we will gain nothing
as a nation in the encouragement of
false economy, hoarding and selfish
ness. American business constitutes
one of the strongest asset of the
allied cause. Anything like a financial
panic in America now would be a
real disaster because the government
would be placed at a tremendous dis
advantage in securing money with
which to finance itself and our allies.
“All our people are united on the
point that war requirements come
ahead of private considerations, but
we need not feel that it is our pa
triotic duty to create an epoch of
receiverships and cripple the business
of manufacturers, theatres, artists,
musicians, dress-makers, tailors,
jewelers, small shop-keepers and the
millions of our citizens whose liveli
hood is directly or indirectly depend
ent on so-called non-essentials. If an
era of receiverships is precipitated
through the dissemination of doc
trines of destructive economy, a pop
ular misconception of thrift will be
created and the thrift movement in
this country will be retarded for
many years to come.
“We have made great strides in
the correct understanding of true
thrift. We have come to a full realiza
tion of the fact that no nation of
people can go along year after year
blindly wasting their resources and
not come, sooner or later, to a reckon
ing. We are preparing to teach thrift
in our schools so that future genera
tions may know the value of this
virtue, bu£ the practice of indis
criminate economy now may jeopar
dize the success of this movement.
“It is our duty at this time to
avoid any suggestion of hysteria. Let
us view our duties to our nation from
a sane, practical standpoint. Let us
strive wherever possible, consistent
with the practices of unstinted pa
triotism, to lend encouragement to
fair and legitimate American business,
which is a mighty asset to the allied

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