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nr s. t. i RED DATTOM M- Heiairu uia wu a comm. J n o 1 ncariet, ioio in carriage that wit willing for ber at the alatlon. She had Wg hli wlfe'i brldcamald. ari'l he tlghed aa ha looked In btr tmll Ine far. It waa three yeara since that to railed happy event occurred, but though the waa a trifle more ttsld D1 dig nified. ah the tame happy tmlle. and net, ,.-lm appearance that be well remembered. "Toil win nnd ranny a good ileal altered." he uld. aa be took a aeat by ber aide. Jenny raet a tumewhat turprlsed glanre at the grave face o( the eker. "Why? How? Ita she been 111?" "Well, no; I ran't ay that ahe hit been III." mat the h- It at ItiR reply; "but ahe-ahe't changed. Marriage don't aeem to have agreed with ber my well." The laugh that ended there word founded rather furred. IVrhapa he felt the Implication conveyed In tbrm or, rather, the fact Itself. Jenny looked carnetly Into the frank, kindly fare of the tpeaker. Waa It hla fault? for there mum be a fault tnmew here. The home, a the carriage (topped tn front, looked aa If It aa all abut up. If Jenny had expected to aee ber cousin In the hall the a disappointed. Fred looked (lightly dlaromeited aa he glanced around. "Fanny'a In hrr room. I tuppnte; Til bunt ber up." "Ah! there you are, Knn." Here a dowdily-drea.ed woman mi le ber appearance at the other end of die hall, whom Jenny would have fulled to recognize had It not hern for the warm embrace and eager greeting. After leading the nay to the dark, and rather untWy, tilting room. Fan fiy'a animation, all at once, forsook her. ami, throwing herself upon the ofa, the ,tirt into tears, mm h to Jen liy'i surprise and consternation. "The aighi of you remind, me to of the happy pan!" alghed Fanny, aa ahe Wiped aw.iy her tear. "And the prvsent la no lea happy. I hope?" suggested Jenny, feeling for her cousin's husband, mho l(M)ked fool Ishly rontchm that he wa, n ,n,, rr. consider, d to he at fault. Fanny'a only r. ply ma a mournful ahake of the head, mhl.li, rightly In terpreted, meant that (he never ex lerte I to l,e (,. happy again .o ng a ah lived. J'u'llt.g hla hand In hla pocket.. Fred walked to the window, whldllng ft!y to himself, th m lt.d.e,u.led air i.t unconcern. "If you knew how that noise g,,,, through n,y head. Fred- remon.tr' d Fanny, at (he rang for Ann to take away h. r cousin' thing, Fred reaped whittling, taking him aeif out of the room at the ame tni.. Fanny gave ber cousin a look a much aa t.. (ay. )ou (ee what I have to put up with. A toon an the door cl.. af:ir her butband. Fanny' lountcnance lo.t i, d!conolate. ahnaed exprca.lon, and the commenced talking with her via Itor with considerable spirit and ani mation. Jenny, now. had opportunity to ob aerve her more particularly. It aa nearly dinner time, and (till the had on the calico wrapper that .he hid worn at bre.kfn.t; t m(l,.h tolled, but atlll faded and wrinkled She wore neither cuffa nor collar While her pretty brown hair-pretty when properly rared for a imoothed over the top. and . tucked back of her ear in tangled bum hee. Her feet mere thru.t into a pair of old tllppera. much too large for her and down at the heeia. At Jenny looked at her ahe could hardly believe that It waa her cou.ln Fanny Ilurni. who almaya used to look fre.h and neat, to ,mlllng and happy. From Ihe habit of giving way to all her peevl(h and dU.nniented feellng( at they aroae, It teemed Impotdhie for ber to look pleasant now, mhen ahe tried, while her very v e, which i.c to have eu. h a clear and cheerful ring, bad become Infected by them. In tnamerltig and asking question the time passed rapidly, until it was nearly time for dinner. "I had no Idea It was to near dinner-time," (aid Jenny. rising to her feet, aa the glanced ut her match. - thall hardly give you time to dm " "Oh! 1 aha n't make any change In my dre.; there'll be nobody but hut band al dinner, and you won't mind." "No, certainly, I shan't mind " There waa more than I hi ,.n Jen cy'a Hp, but ahe checked herself. Till Will not the right time to (peak, even If she had any right to wiw-a k at all. There could scarcely e n greater contrast limn those two prevented at the dinner table, both of nearly the time age. and both endowed with, more than iiHti.il personal attraction. Al the time of her marriage Fanny had been called the prettier, but It wn quite the contrary now, and all the dif ference lay In the drc nnd expression. Not thai Jenny'a attire waa either gay or expensive. The dress ,w a simple merino, aim ply made nnd trimmed, Inn t fln,.d neatly the neat wnlst of the wearer. The ruff nnd collar were white on I frrh, with a knot of bright ribbon at the throat. On the contrary. Fannv wore lb tame failed. Ill fitting drcs f ),e m.irnlnK. with the addition-If addi tion II coul I be called of a half-olled collar, plnticil awry, and fastened with a buni h of dingy ribbon. It wn Impossible for Fred not to no tire Ihe difference, he making a mental comment on It not tery flattering to tb wife of bit choice. Th enntrttt wta too marked to et ctpt br notice, though It waa eaay to tee that ahe acrll.ed the change to their different condition. "Ah! you won't think It' worth while to fiit to mu'li after you'rt married, Jtn!" the tald. w ith a laugh. ' "firbapi Mitt Jenny will think htr ii- m fit hntn4 wsrtS drcaalng for," relortrt Fred. "If the doet I hope It will b for t hiihand who caret enough for her ao clety to ipend on evening at bomt out of tig." Fred turned red with anger and mor. tlflratlon. It waa evident to Jenny that thlt would not have been the latt of It had aha not been present She haalened to change the mbject, being aided In th endeavor by tht advent of baby. It waa a lovely child, and on would tnppoe would be an additional tie to bind Ihetr hearta together, but Inatead of that It ma a conatant bone of con tention. Thua mattera went on for tome dayw. Jenny oUerved wltt pain tbat Fred waa In the habit of (pending moat of hla evening out. For a while after the. came he tiayed n. but. mortified well aa Irritated by bla wlfe t tlof nly appearance aid fretful complain ing, he gradually abtented hlmelf. until he rarely tpent an evening at home. "I Mr. Dayton out tbla evening?" Inquired Jenny, a, entering the tlt ting room, (he glanced around. "Yon never need atk that queation," returned Fanny; "be'a alwayt out." Jenny bad long wlahed for in op portunity to talk with her cou.ln. Af'er a moment 'i grave tllence, ahe tald: "And do )ou know what tha end ot thla will .e, Fanny?" "Ituln. I tiippoae." waa the bitter re. aponte. ' IJiit there la no help for It. a I tee. It ( mmethlng for which I am not ret ponaiMe " "Hut I think re. Fanny." "I?" replied Fanny, opening her eye widely, "what call you mean?" "Jmt what I tay. mr dear couln When you married Frederick Dayton, no man wn more domeitlrally Inclined or fonder of hi wife and home than be." "lie got over It. bravely!" ei dalnied Fanny, w rh a bitter laugh. II don't act a If be bad the tllgh;et af fection for me. and teema to prefer any place to hit home." "And I not thl In a great meaurc )our ir.n fault, Fanny?' "Nay, look not mi angry, drar roualn; I luie )oi tiMi well o e you thil reik.easly throwing away ymir happl r.fta and hi. Did not the alteration you (-ak of i.pring from the change in you? You r.mnot love what la un lovely. No man ran love a wife who take no paln to make her permm neat and attractive, or a home that la full of blikerlrg and illeconifort. Ilefore your marrl'ige, yon mould have been teinfl.d at the Idea of hi catching a gl nipe of you In the attire In which you allow him to tee you all day. Why Hi nsT INTO TFAflS. ahiiubl you eek to look ea pealng In hla eye now than then?" Fanny glanced at the oppoalte mir ror that revealed to unflattering a tale, coloring with anger and mortttVatlng. "It It lmpollile for a married wo man to drem a the did mhrn a girl, and no man ha a right to eipect It." Kvery man ha a right to eipect hla wife to have nilTli lent retpert for him to prevent a neat and tidy appesranc. You did not rontlder It too much trou ble to drea when Judge Harry called on you. And lat evening, at the par ty, when Mr. Howard picked tip your handkerchief, you received It with a look and imilc fuh at I have not teen you lrt-tow upon your huaband. even when he took twice the paint to pleart you'" "Yon ire very aerere," (,nj Fanny, her cyra fllhng with tear. "Falibful are the wnunda of a friend. My dear Fanny, two waya are open to you You ran either make home to your huaband the deareat place In the world anil yourtelf one of the moat be loved and happy of wive, or you ran nllennte hi affection, driving him to lunula and rompanlonabip that will wreck the peaie and bapplnee of both!" Here they were Interrupted by th advent of vlnltor. Jenny returned home the next morn ing, to (be hail tin opportunity ot know ing w hat effect her cannot appeal had upon Ihe better feeling of her louain. It ma tome month before Fanny nnd Jenny met again, and then It wn at the marriage that traimfornied thr latter Into the loved nnd loving wifr of the huiliand of ber choice. The happy Miillc on the face of Fred nnd which wn reflected back from the .lulling rye of hi wife, told of tht happy change that had been wrought "Fred apend all hi evening at home, now." aald Fanny, giving het coiihln n algnlflcnnt look. "Why (honldn't I?" cried the hippy himtinnd. "when I have the deareat wife and the plenannte.vt home In the world!" Are there not many wlvea who would do well to mike the tame experiment, reaping the tame hnppy result? I'ulii In I lie Hrltlah Army, Wherever Tommy Atkln In alatlon ed, Ihe oflber who "drill 'lm." Hl,d who "make Mm look no neat" ire pole player. When Iho game waa flint played Ui India, about lxt'2, there wat a dlapodtlon to check It prngreaa by the army authorltlea on the ground that It waa too upenalve for the off) cert who htd only their pay to depend upon. It waa toon learned that the training acquired on the polo field, ttood Ihe officer, eaperlally the caval ry. In Rood tload In the aterner ttrlfe of war, utid now polo la coiiHldered aa fuentlal part of tht Hrltlnh army ad cation.- Exchari. IT. IS A QI IKT SI'OT. OLD HOME OF JOHN CALDWELL CALHOUN. It I ami In u t'lrelieat kiata at rceeertwtlna krrMmlri Hh lonely laaatarapa e4 Muwatala -The I alkvaa lamlly. (I'endletoD, r. C, I ttcr.) Ki:V miles to the nor! hw eat of the tor.-.i if rend'eton. In eve-llent pre-e. . vatlon I Foit Hill. In South Carolina. thehi.'lo I. h nie of John t'aldwell Cal houn. Ib-r. le.ii. te from the il-r.ior of the world, from 1'-- lu!llng mar't o' trade, aiirrounded with a lovely land teape of mountain tnd valley f encr. the great rtafearean lived and laUind In formulating hla Ibeoriei of oiern m'tit. Here he delighted tf rnnie mb-n a rece.a from th rerpon Idlitlc "f hla official alatlon gave him the op portunity to renew bla atrength In the tweet teriin ,,f a q,,,.t h,,me life And from thlt Inviting rr'rrit be went to die at hla po.t of duty In Waahlngton rlty, a Senator worthy of hla people, veneration and of h: country' honor. Were one to under take the plcming tatk of writing a blographkal .ketch cf Mr. Calhouu. It would nece.Mt.ite a dlaplay of pro found re.pect for bl Integrity of pur pose, hi apotlcaa character and ,'er tonal dignity, in brief a tp.n-e 1 fie more than a (ketch of hi life la po alble. Patrick Calhoun, the father of the ttate.man. wa a native .,f inland in I of that (terllng dock of wople whiib for rentiirle ha made tef d;t'ne tlvely rharactertatlc by it pert'.! rt oppoaitlnn to all form of government that nppreraed the many for Ihe bene, fit of the few. Hi mother a M!i Caldwell, daughter of a I'real.yterian clergyman who emigrated from I'enn tylvniila and tettlid In the Chi mkee country prevlou to the revolu'loji It It a fact of hU'oty worth men tioning that the Scotch and Irleti irmi Who mere generally I'roteatantt, have furniabi-d a '.a.ge per cent of the moat diatitigiiiihd men and nolileat women mho make the long !lt of worthy har titer in our American biography. The mother of Mr. Calhoun wa a woman of a very high i harai ter. ear neat In her tplrlt. Induatrloua and en dowed with a ttrong Intellect. It ap peart from a clo-e atudy of the par entage of great men that wl'liuiif et ceptlon thiy are the ihiidien if great mothers. To thl general rule Mr Calhoun wa no evception. Hit early life wa one of privation. At the kne of hi devoted mother and at n h com mon (chool It wa pmallile to main tain In the dlaturbed (late of the coun try, he received the rudiment of an ed icatlon. Tbc.e drat le.eont lit the flame of tmliltlon In the gifted youth, who fortunately received a webome Into the home and to the tuition of an accomplished maternal uncle, mho hid attained eminence In the date of f.i nr. gla. After graduating nt Yale Colli ge. he returned to Smith Carolina, ttudied law and entered upon It practice at Ableville Court Home. To thoe fa miliar w ith the demand of the "Jcalou nilitrea" and of the character of Mr. Calhoun't mind. It 1 not mrprUltig that be thortly drifted Into the current of political phlloaoidiy and metaphytli and left the lea engaging but more exacting demand of a (Indent of the common law. After nerving u a Rep resentative In the lagial.iture of hla (tnte, be wa elected to represent hla illatrlit In the CiiligretN of the I'lilted State, taking his eat on the aame diy with Daniel Webater, I coincidence worthy of note. From thai day to the dav of hi death In KM, Mr. Calliijun public bi'lory become a part, nnd by no mean a .mail part, of the hlnlory of our country. Find Keprt aentalhe, then Senator. Secretary of War Vice Frealdent and Secretary of State of the I'nltcl State, there wna but one other oll'ue within the gift of the people be ll.lj not filled. I.Ike hi great i ontempoi arle. Webster and Clay, nltlmugh mine than once brought forward a a pr.iper pemmi to meet (he reipilreitienta of the I'lenlden tlal olllce. he wa not the man to eeeli the honor of It dignity by yielding to the demand of partisan management or by reaortlng to method that mire repulalve to hi nature. No one hold ing public office ma ever more acru pulouiily enreful t avoid even a em blnnce of violating hi edabllahed prin ciple of Integrity. When offered the office of Secretary of State by Preside m Tyler, he hesitated tn accept It. no' from any other consideration th in that In to doing he might le under I. io. I a ccmpromlHltig hi pollll, al Inteirtliv by Indoraliig the platform of political faith on which Cenernl Harrlaon and Mr. Tyler had been elected to the Pre. Idency and Vice Prealdem y of the c mn try. It wat not until the mot dncere nppeala to hi palrlotlam had been made by repretentntlve rtl7en of all section of the Culled Stale that be vlelded to the urgent reque, nnd nt a critical period In Hie eountrr'a bMo'v entered upoi tba flel'cite and region aihla ilutlet of the M, I iprtmn' Mam wi mm Honing that the Scotch and Irl.h ito. ; lug ln'erit of the agricultural and I I ho mere generally I'roteatant. have m.ini.f n turlt g n-cil-.r; of the country. I . t . :r . is-J-..:v-tis'SZ.' try; ?:.':' .,.: t.-.j.; eJtr.j i.'iy'i.';. e-r' -v ---t' fi -i'f.Trpt f ? W.-Tr ;;V i1't?Tf THE CAI.IIOI N II M 1 ?'ii h an appeal la unt tppentcd ad-dri-.aed to Calhoun 'y 'Jeorge M t; jffjr. la the nild.t uf many peri,!,,n caae. which left but Jittle blmire for other thought than that required In the diacharge of h! nfT' li dut'e. Mr. Calhoun found th time to prepare a dl.qulaltlon on governr.n nt. and a di. rourae on Ihe "Constltutl.n of the I'nttcd Sta'ea." which dend to pov terlty the evidence of hi tnt.- i, rtu- tlity and ttatinmanh:p. A rare'i;! "nly of tbe.e work will convince I the tnrrt prrjudln I oj.;i-,!,cnt of Mr. i Calhi nn'a the r tli.it l.e . rr e ly ' tltc'l to ,., r .e .- u-ji-.n ' f '! ' gieit U rj'lve r.owr.1- : n:ti!. ( rr'L-I 1 1, .1 ..r, "'at' liht i!o 1 1 . .r , t.f Mr. fall, .i-t j p-'l.i th,. ., ,,,;,! !' c.v jr ,f , .,. t;,1( ,,, !hr r. I of nullifi. !, ,' 4S j ,,t a , ;, i Ihe ,:,.j,y (r ,,, aa,j , , l by . nie n ir.'i I a en e;'. genli;. I for.mi; fe ,,.), ,,f ; . .r.,:.a tn; l-Kbiing il: r.i, !..,'-it;on am .nr, bla I e ye. TI:oe w ! . r' :n b i irh a Mil 1 III l.e I d ; 'i,m rfti :,i fit (It r Calhoun on I of l:ig q:i' y'.or.v of ' f the t. the g.e.it and I g ei nni- i;t h i h ns .erd I, s mind III t.nne of tl.e e ir- h - de.ivird by b'm In Hi 1'niTri of the l'ri'f.1 S'.ite r e!-ew. re on one f,-) l a .Ingle lnr..trn:a" ry rp; ol to the pi, aioa of t he e if e. In roi.f'rull.g the te;n: rniplo;.e 1 by the fiamrr if the eoi,!itinion to rx pie. the r I I'lortlitp i,f the (-jlei to the fedi r:tl g wrritneii! l.e ie. un n. ve-thev n i Mt ? t.-rr. of ilinun'- a. Hon: no af:f ti ;i-'nn. In vain mill the m.i.t i iii i.t a'. It. g iit-nl or prejinlli e I i.iit! .ii narcli for the I in g'lage (,f a v r-it n'.lat. Tbrmigh-dtt bit apeei hi . thru u'.i'iut Ira r-ay., ai.d throii ;!i ut the gie-iter w irk. on government tl.ere la to le riiarly teen the ei,r -iot.v of an united .pint of pitrlotlMii ii'it g a the lt,.ii,iat ori of a great lr.t.'1'e't yvr :ely M ed to (ivert the rn-iMct of phjaiial force tiv an a;i-p-al to human re", n. II a theory of nuPifbtl'.n nr d.ngne to pr; clpit.ite an ..:ie r.f revoiu'lon. but wia brought forward n the rricm of nd J'l-tlng tl.e eiiut e( ,f r el.it lotif b ip be ticti the eiMot,a of the country bav Il.g klll;i4iiltlXillg Irtep lie colli I e no may to hirnwr'fe 'he conflict- lug In'eri.tH of the agricultural and ni.ini.f ii turlt g n-ctl-ir: of the country and r'rorteil to th nuan'iie a an tx pedient itoniliiu al baat a coin;iro mle and a ti the !i imlut, .a of u problem wlili h tl,:i,-r.. d then, aa It il' i a no'.v. the .'ability ((f our ry.tein of pinrcnuni. In dn.i-iiaing the qii'-atlnii of the "reorn-.l rlrlit" of the fate., h - tieir went l,e.,nd the lllllltt of the fi bt.il conatlllltion. and wa neti r n tl ii'gdt or l.-ns't ia- more pronoun, ed than was Mr. Jcf ft rum. the franor of the Kentucky r'.oliiil.ui. Th - lorriapondeiice of Mr Calhoun with the representative men of all pulitli.il irtle iiianif.'.' hla loyalty to the Fed. ral Fnlon. A i artful ttudy of blttory will d -cover that there I. behind every gre.it ibange In the political or toclal econo my of man tome moral fi ne wblih with n Irrc. MiMe influence move on tn ultimate rvprini iti. In'clliKint ge nlna. antagoni ng Intereatt and war, with It i.enilng ib alructivi'iie., are but the acMirle i f th t force Inaein Ibly it-el to ercnmpllah In the end an evolntiiiii n thl ever active age From Magna Charu to the Emancipa tion Pro.-l.imition thi-to I clearly manlf ated a movement forward In the toclal nnd political relations uf the jniiN c. c.i.iior.. Anglo-Savon race; a movement quite a marked in It cviuci-moii. a ,iny of the erlea of f nhy i.in-a which pre ceded It and u lu. ti appear to have coin.' a the effect of the great mural force emboillnl In the phllo,.phv of the "Wonderful Niu.irene." the Christ of history. Mr. Calhoun cnnie upon the plane of thought and action r.t n time when, In the order of law and progre.a. lit Intellectual .intiK'h and training were ueies-nry, in tt, inoiMv ..f n power gn at, r than tune human iigi-ncic could i.ilriii it,. r line, t , j, ,,, iineMi v In enter the r hambb a of ipiiMlatlve leasonlug to ,,!,.nnli wh.it that "higher power" wa. nr 1. or In wlnt mn'iner It I made m.mife eat. Call It Prnvld-nce. and be a Christian evil It Kite, and be a Panthr-U call It what yon miy. Il wn nnd It la w rllh ti teil iv t i,. gteit c.ina caiiaarum mv t. rio i:i y.-t c. ttain f,,r, n Hi f-om th 1 ;. ii n- linn irp !,,( ,lv '" !' r " and in It own vvi ' ai il thi iieh in ,, ,Kl1; ii . i,, ! b' 'a by ivc;hnr,t n onnot enmprehend, w may not tytu PH'liiie with, but miial yield to. and ui 1,11.14. e In. or perii-h in trying to oj.po.e the Inevitable. T.i the ordr of deyelopment tit time had come when !avery a an In itltntlon of government waa to cesae. and the newly. formed republic of the Flitted State thould have eliminated f.nrn I't (barter every uncertain and amblgumi term. To reach thlt reanit llvciiar.lon hid to precede action. In the ilmnis.ion Mr. Calhoun to forcibly and o (atiafai-'or.ly. to the people of 'he hve holding Hate. (Jent'inatra'e l !'ie merelgr.tv ,,f the .'ale and th rirlit rf tie r.ate to rtiert thit a iv e:e gnty. that the ji: ;tlon had ce..-ed 'o be del arable In more tli in one of th Southern "--!. o d. No one d.iu'. t. "I the rl;ht; ti e ii':evn f evpeilleuey a'one nmilnr ! The t'nie t :on c.-.me vhen even t'..e expediency f.f aert'.ig tht right tn not '"ba'abte end the teult wa a diaper.ite conflict, a civil war unparalleled tn the antialt of hla 'i ry. The 'r-pu'l :n ( f !avery wn e'im'r-.trd f- t-'t f'Om th- jerpleilng froldrtn f t nr n vtl ir.nl niatenee, and the f ov. retn'y i f the (t ile urreii der'd to the paver of the general government th Inlted .stite of Xmrriia berarr. a n.itlnn .ml the i)e. veloppient ni;.i!e r-impl.-te which had Wn 'cad;!y movhig forward frrm th ffrt gun at l. vi.irtort and Concord f) the hat tt Arti;;n.ittox "Fort Hill." the residence of Mr Calliniin. la t i ci lie I from I' loca'ion r.rar a fort whbh tradition aert wav ere ti d br rv 3.0 n hi rambling n inh thf-iurh th to -r in during the 'arly part of the klvier.th century. 1 lie building, in the Colonial fyte I. will prrnTVf I and prent an attr.n live apn arari e A woolen office rhiir In tbe miln ro m n'ne served Oenernl Vc hltigto.i rt.d f ir many year w.t lire I by Mr Ciiho'ia In hit offl'-e. From tl.'t aeat i ne I'm.V upon a r.oiile pnr tra'l of the greit mate. man. neat whbh la an eMr.:ve liket: of ll.t.ry Clay. In front, and nc-upying ihe cer.'cr of the room. I an eialu ra'e. ly carved tvble of rosewood, witli a top of llryptlan niirl.le. upon whlrh are to to f nnd m.iny le-tera from emi nent nu n of all .eetlon - .tate.men. aihnl.ir and dtvln.s. some illacuai ng the affair of state, other asking opin ion and n lvlce and ail evidencing the rr i'et re? ;i.-i t for "Ihe .age of Fort II. II." In the room are costly article of furniture. priM'nted by king, and upon the wail hang rich painting by Itembrtnt. Itulcn and Sully. In the adjirent bull ling. ue, ai an of fice by Mr Calluiun. I the dek at whbh f.ir many uni the great (in dent labonl and nhout It several ar- tlcl. of houaehotd furniture. About the houae there is an atmosphere ol true gre.itnea tint can never lie dit. aeiiociati.l from It I'ay of rrnfra-lim tl Vtri in I'ranra. In Frame Ibue are from U.noo tf P. n.n doctor, of wh im I .'.00 are foun. In Par. and about 10.' 00 In the proT In. a Of thla number j or 6 only male income of from Ili.tWato 1 1.- mo a y.'ir. lu to IT. make from IU V'K to in o m a year. l"o make, aay, $in, 10. .1' 0 make from li mi to $'..(mi1 knf male from l.Vi t.- f.i.icii. while I I ( earn le than II. "ml a y.ar. Cumin; to the inwveia. nf whom there are I. ml In I'arl alone, there are not over 4 0 of them wlio make aa much a !.f. m a y.ar. A couple of .core make In come of flii.oo.1 a yeir. It appear lli.it when one of theae advocate 1 male a mif!rate hi .alary I. only fii.tn M to mh a yctr. while f,r the J '!ina of the pev e -all f jy quiii fie I er-l practitioner the talarlc range from ll 'O to i"...) a yevr A ccl lege profc-nr I paid from lli.ui to t ni a year, a lycee ptnfea.or from fTix) to II. one) a year. The evpianat.on of il all I the very .Imple economic one that In Frar.ee the tupply exceed the demand; twice a many dm tor, law yer, prof.'etor and engineer art turned out ymrly aa there are berth for - I'arit Kclalr. Aa rmy tl.i'im Mile l ong. A lirrnun military critic ha been additik up the grand total of the con tlmntal armies, and, after noting that we can form only a vague bleu of what la meant by ten of million, he trie to bring h"me to bl reader In another way the lubw.al growth of modern ar mament. If, he .ay, we could hxvc all the armlea of the continent on a war footing and drawn up In one lung piocilon. with their gun and ammu nition and baggage waggona, the col uinn would lie rather more than Il.i'Ol miles long, and, marching day and night. It would take nearly a year tf pane a given point. Itctnarsalile Tan t'i.lore.1 Hem. Ni w di pii. I: of topai of ilcllcai,. ,.. oil. have Imm n ili.covereil tn the neigh h.n hood of llriiicritmug. Una,,i th,. ci nti r of the trade in topai and other pn ciou (tone. One of the new atone found In this region la called the "Alex andrite." il leiutlful tttolie. which Mia-i-!.e the remarkable property of ex hibiting gtaen ri lb a tloti liy day and luby color by night. Holer. Iii II ,111,,,, or. Km II nvat.-r. however, wa done up In an envelope lieating a ponralt of lr. F. S. U'wla. president of the i lnli. and thl feature made a great hit. The edibles were .erved In relay of t'ventv-four In a room on the teeoni floor, and when those conatitutlng eac relay llnihed eating they adjourned to the large Hancinblv rinim below to ftilen to nfter-illntier addreiai .- Ex. change. Knelling In lialy. In nil Italy there were but SCO duel, fought last yeir according to the rec ord bepl by Ciitnmendatore flalll. ol Milan, and of thee lull had serlour coliaeiiueuce. Only one dueliat wa killed on the spot; six other died of llnlr wound. Of the serlott duel twenty flvi- were between civilians, fif teen betweeu oflber. and In thirteen i !ili era fought civilian. The laraeal House. 1'erhap the largest hoiike In the world la In Wloihn. a tubnrb of Vlen ni In this iloittli He there nre l.tilO tiioint, divided In n 4"0 tulles of lVm !' s'x i "tn ei h. nnd thev nt pr s. 'it sbe'l.r ? It' te-n.c,.., wh a pay an anr.'iil rent-'l ef over lorcno flori,, LAIJOR AM) INDrsTUV SOME INTRRESTING ITEMS TO UNION WORKYEN. rw Ileal rrea4 after All - Jikh Aa.lenuw Make a Report mn the ."ew foalaad Hlrlke nrrlr uf Haaira sad bllrfrea. Tae Ileal t rlen4 Afire AIL V a, saui lit. other nuihi. a. .e J .. mm i oir .lng In I, V h'llil.ire llneifif m..l l ib- I em l Rev T- Ty lm i n.y I t)rainf rf ltfy. hot t rat Itito'i il J ."( An-I piaimale sAaie nn. ai .1 all- I eouhl mother In my itr.nnia Th IwM friend of th-m all. my f'f ihnae itlm and rV.irg year l.r pa''. Io n j wa. hut a li. . A Id clitni. iuhi my nvi'her'a kr.e.t In ei.iaav of Joy. c"be woiihi i,oie !-r arm" around m lieek. And ki.a me thai waa all -1 ran vouch II. at 'tiTe no lik A ir.oth.r a alter all. In fancy I .aw the old hoolhouae. Ttai r.tl.. en th hill. And (h nrchr. atel the rippl!rg br.ie.k- The vl-lon ha. it, la me -till. I eoiild har Ihe rattle lowir.r. and The nlstiorcale's aaeri rail I fl rertain that there no tioraa like Tb old home after all. Aa I lay ihere .y Ihlnklnt e.f The flat my heart waa lliiht: When I n'.'i-l in my mm her a irmi, lly the (lie. f ... h lilKht, A phantom hoverei) over n.e I b.ard a wet vol. e rail 'Twaa th. aiiKille vole of mother. Tl.e bt friend after all. There . n .mile like a mother i .mil i ''n tiejm ntx.n a .on: It'.r pat , .ir faith In her becauaa Yon , ,( rin.l any en. T'i help j ,, j l(r . tniUorie r'd When .he' t,in.l e,all-An-I when all th. world foraake you. HHe ( h. ,., fr,,t .J, ! -Will J. P. khain Iri I'to, i,n I-"hI. ration. Ia Itawlm. Wvo The e t ngland klrlke. James Ander.on, a piominent mem ber of the Clgarmakera' I'nl in, return el to Chicago laat week, after a two week- yllt to New Bedford. Mat. He tell a remarkable tory of the method In yogue In that eastern rlty, which, he tayt, uatlfied the cotton operative In going out on a strike. "The ttrlkert ire not fighting fur high wage from the corporation that are running be. hind," he tald. "but they are ttruggllng for an average of ; and 7 per week for doing the bardeat kind of work and they demand It of corporation that divided from i ta 16 per cent dividend t the first of the present yctr. They are also unking against the most ty rannical act that an employer ran com mit. Each week lfire the ttrlke every one of theae atrlker wat fined to hear lly for violating tome petty ' r permitting a drop of oil to fall upon the cloth be manufacture that bis wagea were cut from Ii to Ti per cent. From what I (aw and heard while in New Ib-dford I ran tru'bfully iay I would prefer breaking stonei in the Mreet ill day than to working two hour In one of those mill. The most brutal overseer In the South dining davery diy rame from puritanical New England. These brutal overseen did not all go touth nor ha their tpeclea died out, for back of the ty nnny tnd oppression practiced in the New England mill stand the mod brutal of all overseer. If they were not brutal they would be discharged. If they show the e.ut teiitlment or perform a kindly act to tome poor un fortunate employe and It I discovered by the manufacturer (the fellow who attend banqueta and who I to loud tpoken In defense of maintaining na tional bonor-the wretcbl discharge follow. ! talked with ibuen of atrlk cr. many of whom I know well, upon the question of fine. The women and chiblr-n are the worst ufferer They are more easily trodden upon, and they nuke g.iod, ul,mls(lve victim.. The manufacturer practices hi tysteniatlc cheating upon them and merta with lit tie opposition. John Plngley I. an ex pert weaver. We were boy together, and every wcrd he tells me now 1 be lieve. He worked nine dava in one of the New Bedford mill, and on pay day was told that he not only had no wage coming to him, but that he owed the corporation : ,",o. Another friend of mine named Samuel McNeil was compelled to quit work because of tlikne.. Ho imJ ri,, two j,,.. When be waa well enough to ask for his wage he wa told be owed the mill SO cent. He bad neglected to tell the overseer tlie ,-au.e of Us tlll.er( and hnw Jong he expected to be siik-an oversight which caus.d h.m to be heav ily fined. If a drop of oil I found up on a piece of cloth only half price I paid the opctator. Any flaw In the cloth which the overseer ran find or Imagine la ma.ked against the opera tive, and he roieiwt only half pay for what he ha done. Then, by the time the other fine are paid, the work man ha nothing coming to htm. The life of a New England c.iu.ir. operative Is not one to envy. They are deter mined, however, to make a change and will fight desperately to win their great ttruggle. "-Chicago Fcderatlonlst. A tall. A cull for the "rust regular annual united labor and lalnir reform conven tion," to he held In St. l.ouis on Mon day. May 2, lm, ha been nod by the following committee by virtue authority conferred on It by the united labor convention held in Chicago last September: M. I. Cirrlck. Fulled laibor League of Western IVnnsvlvanla; Sheridan Webster, Social Democracy of St Inits; William 'llrainlt. E, M. Haunls. ter. Trades and Labor Fnlon of St. laiul an. I vicinity; Mr. Mary Jones. Knight of Uilxir; John F. WaltcM. Single Tax Club. Chicago; William Mallly. e, retary Central Ubor Feder ation, Nahvllle, Tenn.; 0. F. Stephen. Single Tax Society, Philadelphia, Fa.; Pan McDonald. Trade and Labor A tembly, llutte, Mont. The convention waa called to con. rhb-r nnd adopt meannre to necure closer union between all advoia-e ut labor reform: K adopt an nib-lent tun ikf "ie., ting the ein-roachiiu tit ,,f the Judiciary upon ij,. Hbertllea of the people." and to abolttb "goyernment by InJ ineilon": to eonaldef the political dilution in relation to the Inter .ia of the producen and to take any cerea tary action thereon; to ettabllth cloeer and more tympathetlc relatlont be tween the tnpporteri of taolated at. tempt at teif help ty co-operative eo. onie and Ind ii'avet. and to lmpreta upon the American people the Import anre of the tycem of direct egl!atlon. Including the Initiative, referendum. Imperative mandate and proportional repreyentatlon. I lark Has gMl(sr4. S.ii erlntendent Ch irlea Clark of tht Vl inl' I a' Home h is tendered hit retlg I.atmn to I'resldi at W. II. preneott of 'he International Tn. graphical Colon in l!id;ana;ioll. the same to takt effect June 1 Mr. Clark ha contemplated resigning for tome time pad, it hit wife' health ha not been good for tal'aril hin.l - L .VI I L . - ,1,'Fiiiiia, ibi na lainaa rnaage t to a lower aitl'nde will prove, bene- fl' ial. He will go to Columbna. Ohio and enter bualne.g with hit fathe oior.fl John M. Clark, one of tf l..rgrt whoieijaie grocer in that c, Mr. Clark assumed charge of the Ft Pr Inter,' Home on the ".Oth of , I s'i. coming to thl city from Or where he hid leen engaged I pi tiling bualneat. During hit ae" 'ration tlie home hat prospered rr.anagi mem haa lieen highly ; tory to the offl ert of the nr to the Inmate. By hla ge b.arlng Mr. Clark ha. ' friend In the rlty. farture exceedingly who will aurreed a Intendent. Trediiei rive in the rlty earl probably announce I feasor at thJt time. Gazette. i-.uttcr Above all. learn gi-tlc and faithful. " not tecompllshed i"-' i It .liould. It IBITJ uthert did not glveaj and the only ton J Ml b your aid. and In spa Ism of other who a friends. It hat acccf Almost every law o of the virion ttatc masse. wer enact fluenie of the u wage, ihorter horn ronreaalon. came to the work of the oti... per mpport of the v,n will become invlnciNADA for g,s,d Increased ATT . International Wo labor - It 1 stated that it to miinlclpaliie the) Sioux City, Iowa. Our government, mere romroltteea 8 charged with watch; nion Interest. Lair. Wheeler II Co.'t City. Mich.. hnt dow. :ng ,io men out or work, a the the rlvetert refusal to accept per cent reduction In wage. It I only by labor that thojght ran be made healthy, and only by ttonght tliat lalnir ran tie made happy, and tht two cannot be separated with Impunity. - Buskin. . be National (llruil Company, with a capital of r.5.ini0.ni-0. haa etabllhe. headquartert in Chicago. Thli tmt practbally run all the Important bak ing companies In the country. ' The dally output of new print paper In the Fntted State It about 1.200 to 1.5i"i tons. The production of newt print Is larger than any other grade. That of book paper It probibly at much a l.ftoo ton and of writing AM ton, each daily. The Brii klayert' and Mason.' Inter national Fnlon at Peoria, 111., ha de cided to take a mall vote of the tub ordinate bodie for or against the et t.ibllshmrnt of a univerial eight-hour work day. tarting May 1. 1S39. return of vote to be made not later than Not. 1. IH. W here Un Kelcav Cambridge, Ma., la unique aa a pro hibition city. No other city of equal tlie ha ever been carried for "no li cense" two year In aucceaelon: while in Cambridge that policy ha prevail ed at eleven ucceslve election. At first the usual objection were made the city could not do without the ta IiHin revenue, etc. but all have been abundantly refuted br actual experi ence. We are told that the Taluatlon of Cambridge during ten rr of li cense dropped in round numbera 3.. OoO.t.nrt, during ten year of no license It ha risen to IJI.ooo.oimi. In the license decade the average gain In the popula tion was 1.1S2; In the no license period It ha been I.o.ij. In the flrt ten year l.",l houses were built annually; In the second decade the average ha been 3'. And -please note thta point particularly the city geti annually In taxe on the Increased valuation un der no license three or faur timet aa much at It would get from ticenae fee. Two ycart ago Cambridge mer chant. In all departmental of bulne. signed a public appeal declaring that tin license ha benefited the material Interest of the city, and expressed a hope for It continuance. The finest feature of the celebration of the fif tieth anniversary of the rlty waa, taya the New York Independent, "the pec tacle of K'.OiH) people keeping holiday anl from eunrlse to unsvt not a drunken man visible anywhere." Un ion League. t'litafeaal.ig Hue Una, Vagueness wea'a-'n confession. John doc not say if we confcH our tin. but "If we confers our sin, he la faithful and Just to foi give u our ilnt, and tc cb-.tiia.. u from all unrlghteoumee.." If a mail say be belong to a fallen race be siv i what Is true, but not what I to the point. It mititnta more like an excuse than a confession. Fnlewt we realize our sin enough to call them by name. It I hardly worth while to say anything about them at all. When we pray for forgiveneai, let ut tay. "my temper." or "untruthfulnesa," or "prliie," "my efishnes. my coward ice. Indolence. Jealousy, revenge. Im purity." To recognize our aln. we must look them n the fai e. and call them ,v ii.r right nanus, however hard. Moni-.-ty In nuif, s.ioii rail for deflrotaness m eeinfeiatOB.