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tO CELEBRATE FOUNDINO Of HISTORIC VILLAGE. ecawa at Manyr.lnia la lint ut Maly rkrWllsa Krdiuea Kmlubmrn mt i-mrlf ax la lb Itkrkrjt Mala la (iratayard. (Columbus. Ohio, Letter.) r- i HIS 1 the renten- nlal year of tJnad eiihutten, Ihe un pretentious Inilian villa In TiiKor.i waa county, this state, with whose shadowy pa l ev ery at lll 111 (if hl lory I familiar Vk its founding, it growth, tlii Mini gle of It 1 andful if white and their friendly Indian alll'o ajalnsl Ihr Inva lon of hostile redskin aic interwoven with thrilling Incident, the most remarkable being Ihe massicre. Marrli I. 1S7I, which for rtnl barbarity r hape I urn ii il .1 In any f Ihr In dian war. In thi jiil-t village cenic. tery where row of white marble stone mark the last resting place of thr d'ad atanrt In atrium contrast a crlm iiuiiiiiiii in inaer.nr. use a kiiiiu a form of sapling. The main shaft, one nlld atone, welsh fourteen tons and rUn tn a height i f thirty-seven feat. Ilcnc.ith It rent the Ixinea of ninety Christ Inn Indiana who were butchered like ralil Ijr Col. Iavld Williamson and hla nilli'iamcn. On the iinith side of the bane U the In scription: a : Here Triumphed In ivnth : : Ninety Christian Indiana : : March ., 17S2. : a The rentennlal year of the min.T! Was observed at Gnadcntiuticn May SI, ls2. ty appropriate memorial ser vice under the auspice of the menu mental association. Gov. Foster and other alate officer took part In the aolemn eercmonlc and about Ift.non people were present. The centennial thla year tint only commemorate the founding of a new town nf Gnadcnliut ten. but Uo annlh'T Indian vlllage that of Goshen, thire mllea south of New Philadelphia. The traita of land upon wlilrh these Indian village were founded contain 4 ''Ml acre of Uud and were appropriated by rongree to the Moravian society. Ihe patent being la aued In T.'. Gnadcnhutlen I till a amnll village lontaitilng EN aoula. chiefly Moravian. who have a neat church and piironag-huus. Juat east .of the town la the site of the anrlmt Indian village, with th stone founda tion of the hul and mark of the conflagration that consumed the bodies of the slain In IT": The notice which ha been taken of thia trunkal affair In different pitldb atlon ha iciven a mournful celebrity to the spot win re It transpired Tlie Intelligent traveler often atop In hl Journey to pay a visit to the gra of the Indian martyrs who fell vbtini to that love of peace which ! the genuine altrlbute of Chrltlanltv. With one or two exiep tlona the rude log hula with their thatched roof and oil paper for win dow have Riven place to aiilatanl ial brick and frame dwelling. Tiee now grow where the wigwam once stood, nil the old Tncnrwae river no more hold on ita bosom the Unlit ranoe of the stealthy avae. The laborer foe to hi work and In paatlna; the maje tic monument hardly bestow upon it a glance. The children play around It baie and their about a of Joyon laugh ter echo and re-echo throiiKh the grove where thla terrible butchery took place In the darknea of the l.mt century. In the rmnlna celehratlnn. preparation for which are already un der headway. It la proponed to bring tut tht even of historical Interrat. Valuable dala and fad relative to the early aettleinent of the town and de tail on the Uvea and character of thoae who were prominent In It founding are being collected and will be preaented In mme form or other at the celebration. There wilt probably be a mimic battle between the Indian and mlanlonarle, ami other Incident Illustrative of frontier life In general, with a rcheiraal of acetic of actual occurrence in the ancient vll'vr of (inadenhutti n. It wao In Salem, one of the Moravian Indian town of the Tuacarawa. near tlnadenhutten, tint Mary llecfcweldcr w a Imrn April IS. 17S1. She waa later a realdetit of fJnadenhulten mid the vlllagera are capeclnlly proinl of the fact. The claim JOHN HIICKWl-XnErt. ( Founder of (iiiadi'iihulten ) for Miry Ileckwelder of having been the Drat while chill bmn In Ohio has been so generally und widely accepted Unit she will iilwavs lie spoken of as the "first while dilld born In Ohio." She ahvavs claimed tinadenhutten a her home. Slvleen vent after the uw fill niassace which almost wiped the town out llev. .'obn Heckwc-libT, n missionary, with the aid of n small band of Christiana, btgan the rebuild ing of the toivn He erected the flmt hou( an exceedingly nub' affair, on lh yroiind which N now owned by Kdnard Campbell, a well-knnivn resident. A portion of the old foundation wall nf Heekwelder'a boase atlil Mauds on the ptemlsea and (carefully preserved. John Heckweld er wss born March 12. ITU, al Bed ford, England He came lo Bethlehem. Pa., with bin parent In 17!i4. aoon after landing In He.' YurV. where the Ileck welder fanlly wa hospitably enter- 'aT"A -"vvil it' -ill talned by H'tirjr Va Vleck. their fl low Moravian, at that tlmt proaper on merchant In tha metropolla. Th' peroo waa the great-grandfather of tha retired Moravian blhop. J. Van Vleck, who now Uvea quietly nt Onad enhutten, beloved by all the Moravian of tha "valley." A man of Impoalng personality, his anow-whlt hair, elaa tlc atep and dignified bearing command attention wherever hi goea. He will takt a prominent part In tha centen nial. Ileckwelder early evinced a da air to become an Indian mlaalonary. He wa in turn mlaalonary. early act tier, aurveyor, JuxtUe of the peace, a aociate Judge of Tuarawa county, author and amhaaaador, and the foun der of ftnadenhutten. Another of the Interesting character who will be pre, ent at the centennial, and who will duulitleaa contribute valuable historic data, la IJev. William II. Mice, who now live at llethlrhein. Pa. He la the grandson of Key. John Ileckwelder. In ISM hi grandfather, Joseph Klce of llethlehem. came weat to marry Ann .Salome Ileckwelder, the aecond daugh ter of Ileckwelder, and returned to Ileihlehem with hi bride. An account of thla Journey to and from Gnaden hutten I preserved in a diary written by the bridegroom' father, the late Owen Mice, a merchant of llethlehem. The latter chaperoned hla aon on hla trip to Ohio and the eon and hla bride on their return trip. At the centen nial many acenea alive with Interest which attended the massacre nf the Chrlailan Indiana will be recalled. The atnry of the meaaenger from Colonel (ilheon, at that time In command of Kort Pitt tl'itlahutgl. sent to avert the drtadful rataalrt ; I.e. ! yet told on long winter evening by the flrcsidea In Unadenhutten hotnea and fill the CP3! i MAUV HKCKWKI.DKIl. tPlrat White Child Horn In Ohio April 6. ITsl. Sketched from an Old Pbotograi h I children with wonder and awe. How lien the messenger, after two days' and night' hard riding, arrived to find the quiet street strewn with the bodlee of the victims. There Is not a child ho dies not know of and who does nut love the dusky Indian maid who made the perilous ride to Kort Pitt to save the live of the Indians. Her ml aton proved t be a flight for life. She was mounted on one of the fleetest horse of her people and had scateely atarted on her daring mission befors her errand Wame known to Wllllam aon's band. A detachment was seal after her with orders to overtake and kill her. The pursuing band at one time had hi r in sight, but her steed outrau th 'lr and she lived to carry the UKSsage to Colonel Olhaon, but too late to aave her people. Ily the Inhabitant of (inad-nliutten Ihe mem ory nf Abtahatn. the first Christian In dian of the fated ninety who were killed, ia belowd to thl day. He died with a prayer on his lips. This was recorded by one of the survi7ora. The manuscript will be one of the relics on display at the centennial. 1 he OHIrrr la Iterlla. I With all their fine uniforms and privilege! of precedence, one cannot help feeling sorry for these of ficers, many of whom are brave, noble men. sai Self-Culture, for they are so bound and tied by the cords of trifling conven tionalities. They must not carry um brellas, no matter how it storms, for Hiey thus show their endurance by a fine dlsngard for the weather, which In llerlln pouts and crle all winter. Then they never must ride in an ordin ary omnl' us. for that is beneath their dignity. Owing to the common sense of the late Kniperor Frederick, who, while cronn prince, sanctioned the Use of the street car by officer Ihe him self role on Ihe first one which made Its appearance in llerlln twenty yeara iigol. the army ran enjoy that common blessing, but If they take a cab It miest be a first class one. and If they go to an entertainment they must ocrupy a place In the inoM expensive part of the bouse. Only boy whose families can afford lo set aside a certain sum of money for their use cm enter the ar my, for the pay I Inadequate to meet the style In which an officer must live. Think of .' a month for a lieutenant! Atitrrlean Mtliilna; nahere. The statistics of Ihe IrBfflt; through the Snei canal In 1!". a given In the ISevue Sclent Ifiqiie. tliow that lireat Ilrltaln. with 2.1'i.' ships and n.SIT.THH net tonnage, had US per cent of the to tal toiitianc passing through the canal. The llrltlsh tonnage, however, was 4 per lent less than In the preceding year while the growing trade of (lermauy and Ittissla with the Orient was Illus trated by the fact that the innnage of (iermany Increased M and that of Hus sla Itr per cent. Japan'a first appear ance us a trader with Kurope In her own vessel Is denoted by a record of ten ships nnd .1ii..-i.'i.'t net tonnage. Not h single vessel with the stara ami stilpes at the meastliead passed throiiKh the canal. This item belongs to the category of llncnoa Ay res, with only one American vessel u that port in n year, mid Hamburg, which Is said not to have seen mi American vessel in thirty yeara. Itiilletln nf American tie. graphical S . b'ty. A Vllnute Ijmiiii. Physicians occasionally use, for lha purpose of Illuminating parts of the Interior of the body, a delicate electric lamp, called the "pea lamp,"' because Its little glass bulb tesembles a small pea In Hie, being only one-quarter ot an Inch In diameter. It la, ntvtrthe less, a complete Incandescent lamp, having a carbon film one-eighth or an Inch long, and about nne-wn-tboi-andth of an Inch In diameter. BOLIVIA A KLONDIKE. RICH IN GOLD BUT POOR IN COMMERCE. a Caaalrv w b aw AaiMilua Maler ad Walrli Aaoaada la Ureal Wraith aoatethla A boa I i. Illalory (lid "raaUh I'rui Inrr. (Speclul Letter ) II K PEOPLE of the republic of llo II v la are eriouly engagrd in an ef fort to Interest the people and th government of the I'nliel Htutci In the (lev elopment of that co untry. I'rom the deTlp t Inn of It wealth vent out by Ita reaideu'. Ilollvla would eem to be a veritable Klondike, but more easy of acceaa than the recentty dlacovered Alaskan gold flelil. and to be entered without Ihe hardahlpa nf Arctic rigor or the chance of acarcity of provisions. In a carefully prepared atatrmmt the people of the I'nlted States are Informed that Ilollvla Is not only the richest country In the world, becauae of Its Immense natural re sources, but also the poorest, because of Ita limited commerce with the out side world. The enormous wealth of the republic, represented by the rich gold, llver, copper and tin dcpoalta. I found In the Cordillera, constituting the eastern slope of the Ande. It con tain the richest rubber lands of the world, whose products are superior to any nihlier grown. Though th rub ber Industry I at ill In Its Infancy, the export in ISM was II.OWmjO pound Diamond were discovered more than 40 yeara ago, and have been pror.o inex! superior to Ilraiillan diamonds. With in the borders of the republic are the largest coal and petroleum deposits In all South America. A small amount of ftollvlan coffee la yearly exported to Pari, where It commands a ready price of five francs a poi.nd. Three distinct kind of cotton grow wild, and under Ita ahadow are cultivated coffee plants, plneappb-s and oilier fruit. The llollvian gold flrlds are situated within easy reach of clvlliixtlon. where the illmate I delicious and ail H V .tin V.V ? 1 PRESIDENT salubrious, allowing work to be carried on day and night for C day In the year; where provisions and other necessaries cf life may be obtained at reasonable price, fend where water Is abundant for hydraulic or mechanical purposes. The llollvian mining law are the most liberal of tho-e of any na tion. Life and property are safer per haps thnn In many more advanced countries. Roughly estimated. Ilollvla contains "oo.oou square mile, nnd there are not 00 square mile where gold la not know n to exIM. Thl state ment has reference only to the gold obtained by washing the placers, lairge and rich quarts ledge have been located In ench of the nine de partment which comprise the repub lic. The gold bearing region extends for nearly :,r.i mllea from Ihe river Yaqulma. on the Peruvian and Ilrazll lan frontier, In latitude 7 south, to the frontiers of Chill and Argentine, In latitude south; In all the western part from the hlgheat point on the Andes, extending eastward for l.fiOO mllea to the river Paraguay and Itene. which latter I the dividing line between Ilollvla and the I'nited States of Itratil. There are at the present time more than one hundred miner from North America working In the province of Viinga and laireenjn. There nre five English and four French companies engaged In hydraulic mining in the north of Li Par. The mine of Amaya pampa In Chayanla has been recently sold to a London syndicate for fino. inni, 'J wo extremely rich placer mines, eighteen miles south of Potonl. have litely been bought by a French com pany. Near Sulpacha, In the mint h of Ilollvla, there Is a vein of auriferous quart! forty two miles long and seven feet wide, showing In every particular piece of quart! flee gold nt sight. While the whole of the western pari of this republic may Justly claim su periority lo California In the richness of Ha gold deposits, to the eastern part must ke ascribed the palm of lielng richer than either. The gold of Bo livia, not raying any export dutr, finds Ita way to Ixindon and Hamburg, being sent by Qerman houses doing business In th republic. There are extensive rnoflt In th provinces of Chiqtiltoa Cordillera, Aiero and Velaaro. The 0 ft I wmM mmX (ml ll h mMkk province of Magdalena la reported by the Bolivian finance minister to be rich In gold quarii and placers. Rome California Uiioers, after two yrirj cf prospecting In the low hlllf of San Si mon, report that part to be fabulc.dy rich In quat,'i and placer. In tbaft rallty there are vllliyea containing from fiOO to J.ooo people, who are en gaged In breaking the qnartt. and In a moat prlroltue manner extract the gold. I'nder the admlnlairation of Presi dent Hevcro K. Alonzo. Bolivia Is prndrekslng and rapidly assimilating the laws. l-s'i:i:t;ons and Industrie of mine pr t re ;re n.nlons The first year of his r.dniluiMratloti has witness ed many a rr.pld 'haua-e In the In: -.rovenienta .f roads, the postal and lel"ir u,li aervlce. The neat desire of Prmldi nt Alnnzo 1 to ree this rsnititry advance and occupy under hi admin Istrutlon the position among the o'ber 'uiiih Ai.: r.. ..n n publici lo w hih It l entitled. COOD COASTING IN MICHICAN. t:n t liar, henrra l.e te Mniilaf arrlee l Inil'ilge la I ..e I'sslln e, (N'lifji. .Mlih.. Letter.) It la sa.d the good people of Nile have a preat pjsab.n fir sliding down hill: th.nt young and old. rich end poor engage In it. to the detriment of busne-s, in LI demand or spiritual welfare. Fe,tcially Is this true on Sundays, its the following will prove: On wending 4il way to hi hurch a few SundaK a.o K' v. Mr. Ill a n k no tied that nearly the whole village wjj roasting. He entered his pulpit and wa pleased to tee that hi pew were fill), and he rnngralolatrd them upon their piety nrd a'.illity to reclsr the temptation lo rlli'e d nvn bill, especial ly ns the b e wis Ju-t right. No s n er had l.e mentioned the faet that the hill were In good condition lb in those nearest the door quietly slipped out to he follow i by the rest In short In'er vals. until within ten minutes not a soul r trained. jier the g o I parlor coul I have don f n sitting on a rear by fence ibdigliteitly wal'-hitig his c in gregatlon while liny purMicd their fa vorite amiiM no nt. CANDLE ISO FEET HIGH. Here Is a photograph of the monster candle wlm-h was shown by Mcasrs. hm0 krfeff V It I 1 1 I I I .fill I d 1111 "U nw 1 "'I I ALONZO. Llndahls a; the recent Stockholm trade exhibition. The I.I'J,'olmeus Can dle." as it wa ralWd, stood no less than 1!" feet high. The lower part, which was intended to represent an old Swedish i and'.est Ick, wa in real ity an enoitnotis structure of brlcka and mortar, In wbc'.i wan established a perfectly equipped candle factory, whose employes worked six hours a day. The bae of the candlestick cov- ereo a space oi i.iny icei square 10 come to Octal! the candlestick Itself wa forty-seven feet high, while the the candle-a real stenrlne specimen wa fully eighty feet: It diameter wa eight and one-half feet. The appear ance of thl extraordinary trade tn phy was at oi e remarkable ami Im ImihIiik. The i-olossal candlcst, ck was painted iih aluminium powder until it shone Ilk well polished sliver. At night, too, an electric searchlight of S.V.. . 11,1, REMARKABLE TRADE TROPHY. 7.000 lordinarj I candle power cajtt Ita hsame from th lofty summit of the wick over ihe whole of the exhibition grounds. Altogether, the cost of th monster was about flO.OoO. A tlilnit of beauty la a Joy forever If the rest price doesn't Irak out. A ; ' 'I DAIRY AND POULTRY. INTFRFSTINC CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. Ilr aarreMfHl larasrr llperaia Tat Ikeparlmenl f lha I'araa . Tm Mini. a la lha C'ara at l.la )lori aad I'oallry. Itvdiler I'rop. loe lee.e. Hhotle Ulanl I'xperlmei.t Station: icee will con.--une a great variety of I'k iI. ptol.a'i y a grejltr variety than any other d.i.'i of poultiy, in a w.ld alate they du n-d uaually atrny far from s uj? b. dy cf water, except In their ti.l i a i rv 1 inrru v. slid then owe lake, pond or river I selected j aa a pl.n- i f re t fiom flight aud to ObtalU fotj. ,'cnatlC plan.! !Lll ioos. wilh wi.rtus a . 1 nisfits dJT out of th mud In shall . w wMers, a:id probably some tei d r li-r. a : rrowlug a! n the shoKs. t or.it tu e the f x.d of the wild gor;. It ian hardly l.e sail to tubsi.-t L) gr..;:iu. ai It depends large ly upon wattr (): boih food and pro tection. The dou.ist.c goose, however. like the sheep, is ou epicure respec'.ing tender graa.-rs and Jul.-y fodder plants. After the bricdit g season l past, the old :ock. which only re quires to lie kept In g-jod store con dition until the approa h of sno'h-r breeding reas'.n. can be economically kept by confining them to a pasture, where they can easily obtain most of their living by grazing. They should have acccsi to water at all times, and a little dry corn occasionally Is ac ceptable. If the supply of grass U scanty, more grain should Le fed, or. better, they may be supplied wfb greenfood.s, rul'lva'.ed for the purpose, after the manner of growing soiling crops for feeding cattle. Ily this method people with comparatively small areas of land may grow large flocks of gos lings, confining them upon a limited ana, and cultiva'liiR fodder crops to j be cut and fed to theni day by day. Or tfcey ran be confined upon the grow I Ing rrops by the use of movable fence. When the crop Is eaten sufficiently close the fence Is moved to a new area, and the vacated lot allowed to grow up for a second feeding, or the laud plowed aud planted to a new crop. As almost no ground was available for pasturags near the poultry yarda, preparations were made early In the spring for growing aome fodder crops as green food for tie gosllns. Oats, botn with and without Canada pea, were aown as early a possible, at the rate of about four btuhela of oats and one of peaa per aire, io a to get a thick atand. Wuen the grain was three or four Inches hUh the goslings were hurdled upon it. using at first wire netting one foot high, held In place by Iron rods to confine tl.em. Water and sharp sand, thoroughly wet, were kept constantly by them, and they were fed soaked cracked corn, at Intervals of two hours, when quite small, and less frequently a they grew older. The oata were always before tie peas, and unless the crop waa fed very closely th peas would remain untouibed. When the at ate young the goil!ng should le changed from place to plate f.equctitly, to that the riots of the oats will not be killed bi too rlo-e feeding. A succession of oats can be bad by making several aow.nga at In tervals of a we k. dreen oats are ea gerly eateu by large goslings or old geese, as long as the stems have not turned yellow aud grown fibrous and tough. The first green food In the spring c.-.n be supplied by fall sown rye, but l grass seeems to be preferred by gos i liii if obtainable. Sown after rye begins to Joint or nnd up seed stalk. It becomes hard and tough, and la not relished. CabbaKe, turnips and sweet corn arc excellent soiling crop for gee.se. Sweet corn, sutliclently ad vanced to be In the roasting ear stage. .111 1.. - 1 ... n- ..i.l... a ...... . I , Villi it a iiiuav ui iaiir v. ..mini in 11 , ... . . ' . ,. . I years ago. Doubtless they were corn fed at night to geese In pens. Only , . , ' . ," small pieces ot the largest and hard est butts will remain uneaten. Hun garian grass or millet wa tried, hut It did not appear to be rel:hed at any atage of Ita growth. The very satis factory planta used were sorghum and Erex rap 4 i. r- The young goslings eagerly ate the leaves of the Dwarf Essex rape and made excellent growth when hurdled upon It. As soon as the gos lings are removed to another place the rare ulants bee In immediately to grow a new supply of leaves, and thus the crop can be repeatedly grazed, If the hurdling is properly done. A wire feme two feet high, held In place by double pointed Iron roils, made in the shape of the letter h. with the top portion much higher, Is used for confining the goslings. The iwo point of the rod are about ten Inches long, and are thruat Into the ground, the point of the tall portion being thrust through the lower edge of thi wire fencing, while the upper edge la J held by a notch in the top of the rod. Of i nurse, different lengths of rods must be used for illftcrcut widths ot fencing. Cabbages make excellent food for geese, and are especially adapted for winter use, particularly during the j breeding season, when a greater va i rlety of food Is desired to stimulate the production of fertile eggs. Heels, j turnips, carrots and potatoes will also j prove acceptable, both raw and cooked i and In moderate quantities may be profitably fed. lleese are fond of ap pi.'.s, and when ronflned In an orchard will consume the Imperfect fruit that i drop from day to day aa completely aa sheep or hogs. VV or Vina Hm lee. Method of butter making will al ways be In order o long aa people pro fcr a choice article, says Maine Farmer. A critical examination of the large and tine exhibition of butter at (be Tops bum fair brought out an-w the Im portance of what Is known as working butter. To bring out a first-clas arti cle of butter It la not only neccssaiy to have good milk, but every part of lull must be done Just about right. At lalry exhibition It Is now quite com mon to find sample ot butter that are not worked much. Ther has been so much said, of late, by public Instructors at dairy convention! and dairy schools about over-working butter that many makers have gone to th! other extreme and do not work enough. This la mora frequently met In private make than In the factory product. Several samples at. Ihe Topshum exhibition were faulty oa that account. The same was true at the IwtatoQ ttate fair. Butter Bo worked enough li quite aa faulty ea that which la over-worked. Writer! roar proclaim that butter needa no working a much aa they pieaae, yet j the claim will be untrue so long aa toe present standard of merit continues. Those for whom butter la made desire a condition of the article that Is only secured by what Is popularly known aa working. Too much of thia working la Injurious, too little Is defective. In tha making of good butter there are three conditions dependent on or brought about by what Is termed working. 1. Adhesiveness. There ahou'.d be a certain measure of cohesion ar.iong the partlclea or Globulee of butter. This should be tifT.cnt to rauae It to ad here together aa one common mass. This condition la Just the opposite of hat la known aa porous and crumbly. It I sometime! very properly desig nated at "waxy." meaning thereby like wax, compact without Ix-ing sticky or girasy. CorsiimTi tay such, butter cuts well. Hovers aay It drawa well on the tryer. This desired condition Is se cured by working. 2. Water. Iiuttir contains a meas ure of watrr. There is much attention being given at th present time to the amount of moisture butter should con tain. An undue share renders It defec tive. . When butter ia taken from the churn more liquid adheres to the par ticle! or granule than la desirable. Whether Ihla be buttermilk, pure water or brine from the salting too much ta more than la wanted. This excess la taken out by working. Hence too little working leaves too much water In the product. 3. Streak. Salt Intenaiflea or brlnga out rolar in butter. Where the salt Is not thoroughly mingled with all parts of the butter alike the butter after It I made up will abow light col ored streaki, and will have a mottled appearance when cut down. Thia 1 a serious defect and will knock oft more or lesa a pound from the price when ever found. Mottled butter gives the Impreas.on to consumer! of unclean nei and flit ay hahita about the mak ing, and they do not like It. This con dition con be overcome by working and mingling the lighter parts with tht mass till the aalt is evenly distributed i and all becomes one common shade. Thus It Is seen that the proper work Ing of butter Is an Important matter and means money to the maker. It I rare at an exhibition now to And a ram pie over-worked. It la a common thing to find It under-worked. In the effort to avoid an extreme In the one direction caution hai gone too far In the other. It ti tht maker who geta all these con dltlons the nearest right who secures the highest score and take the prize. Butter-making requires the constant application of a skilled Judgment. stoaa Old Kele. A New England gentlewoman early In the century wrote the following quaint recipe In her notebook. In a beautifully clear, even band: A friend to the ladies would take this opportunity to advise them to sup ply their toilets with the following valuable articles, viz.: First Self-knowledge, a mirror showing the form ta the must perfect liKht. Second Inuocenre, a white paint, beautiful, but easily aoiled, and requir ing continual care to preserve Ita lus ter. ThlrJ Modesty, a rouge giving a de lightful bloom to the cheeks. Fourth Contentment, an Infallible smoother of wrinkles. Fifth Truth, a salve rendering the lip soft and delicloua. Sixth C.entlenesa. a cordial Impart ing sweetness to the voice. Seventh Good humor, a universal beautlfier. A lady who possesses all these toilet articles must certainly Le well equip ped. They are probably a efficacious now aa they were nearly a hundred question by sum gallant iVsiu an ot server of, aa well aa "a friend to," the ladle. Sifted Coal Ashea for th llrna. In the winter time, when It li Im possible to get road dul for the hens, sifted coal ashea may take their place. We say nothing about the barrel of road dust that may have been pro vided from last fall, for we are morally certain that such barrels are empty and most of them have always been In that condition. Give the fowls something to wash themselves In. for the hen uses dust in the place of water. She has no use 'or water tor bathing. Agricultural Outlook Good. The Farmers' Review considers the outlook for rrops the coming season as good. There waa generally enough moisture late Id the tall to put the ground In condition for the winter and early spring. With exception of the fall sown wheat all prospects appear now of the best. The fruit tree did nt overbear last year, but had enough moisture in the early part ot the summer to make It possible for them to form new buds and prepare for thla year's crops. The cattle are generally healthy, and being In small supply, will not Increase In sufficient numbers to bear the market. Tbia la true of all kind of stock. Therefore with the better financial out look, with the Increasing population, with the decressed stocks of nearly all kinds, and with crop conditions good, It doe look as If the farmer would be given a breathing spell and aome chance to recoup the losses of the pad few yeara. Teasing th Animals. Teasing of young animal on the farm should never be tolerated. It may be very funny to see the young things make use of their tender horn, and stamp ing ot feet, etc., but s they grow older and learn to know their strength, they often become vicious, and then urn day In a fit ot bad temper they are liable to Injure some memter of the family, or strangers which may happen to be passing by are very like ly to be attacked by vicious aniiuala. (live all animal oil th farm kind but firm treatment. Animal abuuld bs mad to both tepect and love their attendanta, but thla cannot be accom plished If they are allowed to be teased. Farm Journal. Poultry Itself. feeding ta t telenet of Board floors for the b4W henntrf art NEW ENCt.AND 13 OAlNINO. faat May aw laereaae m faftatlai realv Thaai lha Wiri. Tl th PV'sd'trMa Praa. New England la likely ta show larger Increase In population during th present decade Ihan It has during recent decade. The total population of the New England stale tn 1890 waa 4.700.T45, an Incr: of 90.I1 over the crnaii of Is so. But Judging from the known Increase In MaatMchuaftta and Rhode Island between l-90 and ICS and th eatlmated Increase In Connecticut np to th rloa of lat year, and approximating the lncrea In Maine. New Hampshire and Ver mont, the increase In the population of New EngUnd during Ihe paat seven years ha been at the average rate of about fc'l.ooQ a year. With the aa-me average maintained during the next fw yeara. the total increase In popn latiou during the present decade la New England should be about R0O.0OO. giving that neighborhood a population of a.r,0.We In isoo The obvious con clusion from these figure la that when the cenaua of lie0 eemes to be 'taken It will be found that th Eastern elates) have grown more rapidly In population since 8.0 than th Weatern state. Thli conclusion la for tified by the cnu taken la some of the Western itatea In 1S95. Iowa barely maintained tht rat of rrewth t had made between 1880 and IslKl. The rame 1 true of Minnesota, shlle the population of Kansaa de creased. The large lucerne shown la New Jeney between 1894 and 1895 la another proof that the F. stern Mate are growing more rapidly than tha Western. It li evident that with tha Increaalng scarcity of arable Und la the Weat the advantage of the Rant ire being recognized better. Th mora rapid Increase of manufacturing In the East I also a factor In the growth ot population. In short, the census of KO0 will doubtlna show that the East Is no longer building up the Weat, that a smaller number of people are emi grating from the former to the latter section, and that the lucre. la pop uistlon throughout the union la equal izing Itself. CHIMNEY SWEEP'S MISSION. ftarrraafal War Hg.g rarrlad Oa la s l.aadaa'IMalriet. The conveted prise tighter or gam bler I occasionally beard of in thla country doing mission work, but a more interesting figure than most of these I that ot J. T. Kingsbury, a chimney aweep. who la conducting a succemiful mission In south London. Kingsbury Is a fine specimen of the average workingman. Gifted to aa extraordinary extent aa far aa oratori cal talent ta concerned, be la able to wield a wonderful power over hla fel lows. He is now known all over south London, and wherever the chimney sweep evangelist ia announced to speak there is. Invariably a good audience. The work of the Peckham Rye M 11 on has so prospered that the ball la not only crowded on Sunday, but often at the week night meetings large con gregations are to be seen. There are hundreds of Christiana who fall show upon their face the happlne they should feel, but Mr. Kingsbury doe not belong to this rlaaa. II is -known by all thoe with whom h come In contact a on of the happi est and pleaaantent of men. When preaching he often exclaim that la hla younger daya he waa a aweep by trade and a sweep by nature, but by the grace of God he baa forsaken the latter profession and been rleanaed from ihe soot ot aln. Mr. Kingsbury has some very loyal helper, and at superintendent of hit mission be in lint that all who are willing should lend a hand. At ht open-air meet ings be calls upon bla worker. Some time a carpenter tepa forth, then a wood hawker, a sawdust dealer, a sail or, a clerk. In fact, many klnda of trade and calling art represented. IN A DREAM. Th Mia la Which t arar tTaaad til (old Waa Revealed. Denver (Col l peoial to New York World: There 1 no longer doubt that the big gold strike at tht mouth of Indian Creek, four ml's-a out of tht town of Golden, la going to prort a bonanza to the queer dreamer who made It. There baa been a rush from Denver, as well aa cltlxena ot Golden and other town of tht Clear Creek country, and they have verified It to their sal Isf action. J. T. Carey, who made the strike. Is confident ht la go ing to become rich. He la a bale, hearty, bluff, white-bearded man of flfly-veo "If I ever become a millionaire." aald Mr. Carey, "I will owe it to tht fact that I waa wle enough torn people might say crazy enough o atakt my money on a dreifm and risk everything I had on It fulfilment. I dreamed thrre time that I waa being ld to tht seen of fabulous wealth near Golden, Col., and after the third dream I took up my journey from the Eaat, and cam here on the haaard. I am glad I came." Carey wa born In Niagara, N. T. H declare the alte of hli mint wa re vealed by the spirit of hla old Indian nurse. Trrstdeat Faare m Waehae. President Faure Is a tremendous worker. Following the custom ot his earlier life, he artsee before dawn, and haa accomplished much long before faaihionable Psrl la awake. He give hi personal attention to rountleaa mat ters which aie ordinarily looked after by secretaries, and he conducts tht nianifotd affair of th government on trbt biialneaa principle. All letter, are answered the cam day they art re ceived. Oar '(.elg Trad Carried la feralf Nhl. It I estimated that tht people of th I'nlted Statea art now paying aunuaiiy K'i'O (smi.ivi for ocean carriage. Only one-tenth of thia amount ia paid to American ahlpa. while nine-tenths, or SlHu.ooo.noo. la paid annually to Meigs ahlpa tor carrying our trade. Ex. Tht "tlephaat-bettlt" ot Yaarautia li th largMt Insect la tht world. A full grown on weigh! stout half pound.