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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, January 05, 1836, Image 1

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CHER AW GAZETTE.
1
I
l si macleax, editou & proprietor. CIIERAW, S C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 5. 1836. "
Published every Tuesfihy.
TESTIS.
IT paid within three months, . - 3. 00
It paid witbinthree mouths after the eloso
ot the year, - - - - - - - - 3. f>0
If not paid within that time, .... (iQ
A company of si.v persons taking the paper at
the same Post Oliiee, shall l>e entitled to it at #15,
paid in advance, and a Company of ten persons !
at ?20. I
No paper to he discontinued hut at the option i
of the Editor till arrearages are paid. '
Advertisements inserted lor 75 cents per square ;
the first tiipe, and 37^ tor cacli subsequent iu&er- '
tion. j
Deductions made to those who advertise by the j
year, and to merchants. |
JL/'Tho Postage must bo paid on all commu- j
nications sent by mail.
MEDICAL.
I-it>m tho Register and Library or Medical cad
C-'hirurgical Scioncc.
and efficacious method f treating
Croup.?The following observations, from
the pen of Dr. Lehman, stalf surgeon in
Torg&ii, arc well deserving of notice. According
to my experience,says Dr. J .ehmah,
there is no betted 'way of treating croup at
its commencement .than by the applicationof
r x - -aTDLu*
hot water to the Jan'nx-LrffroaiJ -1 "4:>
Las the advantages of being simple, efficacious,
and easily applied, and its good eflects
are not productive of any injury to the
constitution. The proper time for the application
of this metiiod is at the very commencement
of the disorder, when, as is usually
the case, the child is awakened suddenly
during the night by its invasion, no time
should be lost, when wc observe that the
breathing is anxious, disturbed, and attended
with the well known croupy sound, and
ti cough of a ringing character, <S:c. The
symptoms are too well known to require
enumeration here; suffice to say that the !
most speedily fatal cases are those, where
the child goes to bed, apparently quite well,
and not laboring under any catarrhal symptoms,
and is awakened from a deep sleep
by en attack of croup.* Such cases offen
prove fatal in twenty-four hours. Even
when thus intense, the disease may be arrested
in its progress by the immediate application
of hot water, in the following
manner: a sponge about the size of a
large fist, dipped in water as hot as the hand
can bear, must be gently squeezed half dry,
and instantly applied beneath the little sutlerer's
chin, over the larynx and windpipe;
when the sponge has thus been held for a
tew minutes in contact with the skin, its
temperature begins to sink, and it requires
to be dipped again in the hot water. It is
better to have a second sponge ready, so
that they may be applied alternately. [If
a sponge cannot be procured, flannel, foldcd
five or six times, may be used.] A
perseverance in this plan, during from ten
to twenty minutes, produces a vi\id redness
of the skin over the whole front of the
throat, just as if a small sinapism liud Veen
applied. The redness must not be attendcd
or followed by vesication; in the mean-,
lime the whole system feels tho influence off
the topical treatment; a warm perspiration j
l.?..-Ins.k miief Kn fncnuraored bv I
UfLUAO UUI9 UIIJUI tllUUb WW v?.www 0 J ,
warm drinks, as whey, weak tea, &c., and j
a notable diminution takes place in the fre- j
quency and tone of the cough, whilo the
hoarseness always disappears, and the
rough, ringing tone of voice subsides along
with the dyspnoea [or difficulty of
breathing] and restlessness; in short,
all danger is over, and the little paticnt
falls asleep, and awakes in the morning,
without any uppcarancc of having so
recently suffered from so dangerous an attack.
If, on the contrary, a slight cough
still remains next day, it may be easily gotten
rid of by means of diaphoretic and antiphlogistic
remedies suited to a ieverish
catarrh. When the suitable application of
hot water, in the manner above recommended,
does not produce well-marked and evident
relief, at furthest at the end of twentyfive
minutes, then nothing more can be expected
from a longer perseverance in it, and
the increasing cough, hoarseness, anxiety
and dyspnoea of the child, must be met by
other means. I must observe, however,
continues^ Dr. Lehman, that this method
has not yet failed in my hands, when ap.
plied in the commencement of the disease,
and it has been practised in several families
I attended, in many cases successfully, and
before my assistance could be procured.
' ... , ,
>v c nave never tr.oci the remedy qdovc
prescribed for croup; nor should we wait
to exporitnent with it if we had other remedies
at hand. It we had not we should
certainly try it; and we know it could do
ho harm in combination with other remedies.
' Our aim in giving it to our readers is to
recommend a trial of it to parents in the
country whose children arc attacked by the
croup when they happen to have no medicine.
Croup, unless arrested at once, is apt to
prove a severe and very dangerous disease.
m tk pracuce oi i-i years we nave uu re-cujlection
of having failed in a single instance,
of promptly arresting it, when c ailed at the
commencement of the attack, as we commonly
have been, by the following simple
treatment.
To a tcaspoonfull of Ipicacuanha [llipo]
we add five or six tablespoontuls of warm
water, and give one, every ten or fifteen
minutes till it produces vomiting; minding
to stir up the ipicacuanha before pouriDg out
Wo think it probable that thase night attache ?f
Hjoup aro frequently,if not generally brought on by{
the child's throwing offtho cover; perhaps after heing
too thickly covered and getting into a perspiration.
Parents who havo children subject to croup
.shotfld guard cautiously against this.
each dose. While this ? doing we direct a
, warm bath to be prepare*}, mi J :t the child
1 is not entirely relieved by the epicaeuanha,
| we immerse it in the worm bath for sl>iiic
minutes, uipc it dry with a warm cloth uiiJ
wrap it in a warm blanket the instant it is
taken out of the water. It should be immersed
up to the neck, otherwise the injury
done by the exposure will be greater than the
benefit derived from the bath. In putting
the child to bed ader it lias been relieved,
it is necessary to warm the bed clothes;
-.U.-..,,.1 ?>/ ? < ? itiflirnlt tii rniimvo
UU1CJ U 13V 1UU|/31 iiiuiu uituvuu ?%? ??.? than
the first attack is apt to bo brought on,
if the weather is cold. - v
Some physicians use tartar emetic,or which
is the same thing, antimonial wine, in croup.
It is very good ; but we have not been in
the habit of using it, because the ipicacuanha
has always answered the purpose, and wc <
prefer the milder remedies, particularly with
children, when they arc equally effectual with
the severer. When the ipicacuanha is
not at hand, the tartar emetic or antimonial
wine (which is only tartar dissolved in water,
and wine added,) may be used. Of the
tartar one fourth of a grain may be given
every fifteen minutes to a child from ono to
two years of age, and of the antimonial wine
a teaspoonful, at the same intervals, till it
pukes.
There is no danger to be apprehended
from an over dose of ipicacuonha. But an
over dose of the tartar might prove fatal.
A very good form of givingthc tartar emetic
is Coxe's Hive Syrup, of which it is the most
active ingredient. A tcaspoonful is a dose
for a child from oue to two years old, when
the .object is to produce vomiting. The
doso to be repeated if necessary.
If these remedies fail and the pulse is
strong, let blood be drawn; and whether
this is done or not, let calomel be given every
two or three hours till it operates. The
dose may bo from one to two grains for
every year of the child's age. Some phy
sicians give it in larger doses. As soon as
it operates, it commonly relieves the child of
all distressing symptoms at once.
The snulT plaster is sometimes applied to
the throat with advantage in cases of croup.
It may be prepared by rubbing the snuff up
in tallow, and then spreading it on a cloth.
But it is very apt to get into the child's eyes
and produce more or le&s inflammation.
Parents should bear in mind that croup ,
is a disease, in the treatment of which
not a moment of timo is to be lost. If they
live in the country thoy should, at all times,
have a vial of ipicacuanha where they can
lav their hands on it at once.
PABEXT'S DEP.VBTMEXT.
From the Mother's Magazine.
INTERVIEW BETWEEN MRS. JONES AND MBS.
SMITH.
"Do you ash, then, what will educate
your son? Your example will educate
him; your conversation; the businecs he
sees you transact; the likings and dislikings
you express will educate him."
"Dear Mrs. Smith, how glad I am to see
you ? I have requested this interview, that I
may avail myself of your friendly advice.
Your former admonitions were not lost up011
me. I am as one awakened out of a
criminal slumber, and can see nothing he.
fore my family but inevitable ruin. My
children, who have been so long indulged
in habits of disubedicneo and idleness, are
now becoming vicious. Why have I not
pcrccivdd my errors before their consequences
became it reparable! I fear I am forever
doomed to be an unhappy mother."
"Not quite so bad, 1 would hope, Mrs.
Jones. Though your children are in a
dangerous condition, yet I am persuaded
that you gain nothing by complaining, nothing
by despondency. Rather seek to
know the worst of your case ? lav your
heart open still more to conviction. Be
willing to be made acquainted with yourself,
and your faults, even at the expense of a
right hand, or a right eye. I would guard
you against a very common error; instead
of complaining of your unhappincss to
voor fellow men, confess to your heavenly
Father your sins and your ignorance. In
the former ease, you will only harden your
heart; in tho latter, it will be made tender
and susceptible of divine impressions."
" I acknowledge with shame and regret,
Mi's. Smith, that I have often parleyed with
an awakened conscience. I have never
felt satisfied that it was right to have my
boys saunter away their time in the company
of the vicious and the idle. Still, I
flattered myself that the evils which would
| result to them from such indulgences, might
soon be done away by a few months residence
abroad. I hoped that when they be.
came old enough to have fixed habits* they
would listen to the voiec of reason. Mean:
time my covetous disposition led me to be
licve that it could not be necessary, or even
right, to spend my time, with my increasing
little family, in attending either to thei> habits
Ci their tempers. I trusted I could easily
set them right by a few rigid lessons on
I the folly cf indulging a perverse temper.
And as their father and I have prided ourselves
upon our industrious habits, by
means of which we have acquired a con:.
potency, I expected, as a matter of course,
that thev would follow our example. The
opinions I have so presumptuously entertained,
now scent to be like the phantoms
of a disordered imagination. I have been
led so fur astray by a worldly spirit, that I
despair of a reformation in any of my family/'
" It is too apparent my friend that
your children arc in a sad way, and that
you will have much to contend with. You
will labor under many disadvantages in
correcting their faults, and yet, I apprehend
that your chief difficulty will bo found in
changing your own ways."
u I am greatly distressed, Mrs. Smith, to
lind that one trouble seldom conies alone;
and what especially alarms mo is, that one
sin brings in its train others, so appalling to
my awakened conscience, that they even
now seem to hiss upon me like a nest of
voting vipers; but still I have not told you
my heaviest misfortune. I feel like the unwary
traveller, who, having heedlessly lost
his way, is not merely ashamed to retrace
his steps, but unwilling to avow the fact to
others. I have not only lost the little influence
I once possessed over my children, but
my husband's manner is exceedingly cnange
j. While our children were young, he
was a most affectionate husband; but now,
when I more than ever need his advice und
assistance, in the managcuiont of our turbulant
children, he often justifies them and
condemns me. If I reprove them for glaring
offences, he thinks I might have done
it in a less objectionable manner. Though
he docs not always say this in words, yet
the looks and gestures of my boys plainly
indicate that in their opinion their father is
right, and their mother is wrong; so that
when this subject is brought up for discussion,
it produces altercation, and usually
ends in crimination and recrimination."
"You have presented a mortifying picture
of the state of your family, Mrs. Jones.
No wonder that you consider your children
in a hopeless condition. Their insubordi.
no'ln" hr> nw-fnliv* nlnrminnr. if vou
UUUUli II VUIU ww WTIIWII^ ? J
and your husband were at this moment,
perfectly agreed as to the best mode of re.
gaining your lost advantage over their hearts,
minds, and consciences. You and your
husband profess to be governed by the precepts
of the Bible; but you will allow me
to say that your daily conduct is at variance
with its plainest dictates. Did I not
hope that your heart was touched by the
Spirit and grace of God, I should consider
it fruitless to suggest any motives, however
imperative, even for your consideration. It
is worse than idle for you and your husband
tn snend vnnr time in settlinir the Question
who is right, and who is wrong. If you
knew that your house was enveloped in
flames, and that both of you had been the
means of the conflagration, would you
spend your energies in settling the question
whicli was the most in fault ? A bystander
would be shocked on witnessing such a
contest, or listening to altercations under
such appalling circumstances ?
"I fear, Mrs. Jones, you have fallen upon
uu error, which has destroyod many
families. In such cases both parties arc
commonly to blame. I woll remember,
however, an iustancc to tho contrary.?
Whib I was residing in L. Mrs. R. and
myself were on terms of the greatest inti.
macv. She had been blessed with superior
education. When I first knew her, I felt
that nothihg was wanting but piety, to constitute
her just the friend I should choose
to supply the place of my excellent sisters,
from whom I had been so recently separated.
One year after our acquaintance, she
became a decided Christian. The father
of her husband was an eminent divine, and
his family were of the first grade, both as
to intellect and rank in socitcy. My friend's
husband had therefore enjoyed every advantage
which an enlightened and Christian
education could afford. For a considcra
blc period 1 was lelt to conjecture the cause
of his acquiring habits of intemperance,
especially as his home was rendered en.
chanting to the virtuous and intelligent* bv
the smiles and graces of such a good, dig.
nificd and accomplished lady and housewife.
But I subsequently learned that this
son was the pet of his mother. She always
thought her darling son must have
every thing he. wanted. Thus a habit of
eating and drinking too freely, commenced
in childhood, but ripened into excess after
he became a husband and a father. Such
was the commanding in/Iuencc of this
young man, when I first knew him, that it
was often remarked, that if Mr. B. were a
Christian, lie might do more gco 1 in socioty
than even our minister. But unfortunately
his influence was thrown into the opposite
scale. I lis business, if not wholly
neglected, bewail to decline: his temper.
? o ' - O ' J
naturally amiable, became at length austere
and irascible. What a trial for the mother
of five precious children! Though my intercour.se
with this lovely wotnan was more
iotimate than usually subsists beh^een sis.
ters, yet the unfortunate habits, the neglect,
ful treatment, the unkind languago, which
this Christian sister continually received
from the lather cf her children and the
friend of her youth, was never, in a solitary
instance, named, or even alluded to, by citlicr
of us; and it is believed that this good
wife, on no occasion, ever broache^ this
painful subject to any earthly friend. Her
husband was always treated with rourtcsy
aud affection, and as became the master of
his family, and thus he was honored in the
sight of his children and servants. As
might he expected from the judicious conduct
cf sueb a wife and mother, her children,
who are nearly reared to manhood, promise
to become the ornaments of society and the
defenders of the faith.
" A number of years since, I was visitir:r
in tiw family of one who bore the office
of deacon or elder in the church, where I
witnessed a most mortifying scene. A contest
arose between the husband and the
wile. The wife insisted that John should
take out a log from the back of the chirr.
ney, as it would occasion a smoke. The
husband, on the contrary, contended that as
he had ordered it, and was master of his
own house, the servant boy should put it
on. Three interesting children were present
to witness this pernicious example.?
What a triumph it must be, which arises
from seeing die partner of one's bosom
vanquished, cither by overpowering arguments,
or made to submit to superior
strength!
" I once had occasion to point out to a
Christian mother somo defects I had discovered
in her daughter, a promising girl of
fourteen, who had spent some weeks in my
family, when, in an almost despairing manner,
she replied, * I fear the inevitable ruin
of that daughter. Her father thinks I am
much too severe in my regimen with her,
and I know that he is too remiss; so that
between us both,I expect she will be ruined.'
How important that parents, instead of
* 1. ^ ? - - - ? ? . . .. * t-? ? .J on/1
uumpunug muir views wuu u emu
partial standard, should consult the 'oracles
of divine truth.' There is a stundard of
right and wrong, which is unerring.
" As I havo had occasion to reside in ma.
ny ditTcront families, it has often required
but a few days' observation, to perceive that
the intercourse between many a husband
and wife, might be pronounced a gome at
' even and odds.' If you became acquainted
with the ojsnion of one, you might be
sure that of the other would be directly opposite.
" When I was a child, I was very fond of
the writings of Dr. Wutis. I well remember
the clFort I made to comprehend this
sentiment: ' Happy matches made in heaven.'
Littlo did I then dream of the living
comments on this subject which I should
make in after life. I am indebted to a lady
for the following statement: ' It is but justice
to the living virtue? of my aged and
hoary headed father to say, that his own
blessed example furnishes a model for the
imitation of every husband and father. My
mother'9 birthday happened on the 22d of
February, the same day of the month with
that of Gen. Washington. This day was
therefore always celebrated as commemorating
the birthday of two very important
personages, Gen. Washington and my mother.
Every chfttl in the family was prompted
by the example of papa, to exhibit unu- j
sual marks of respect anil affection for tliis
best of wives and mother, who was reprc- ]
sentcd by her affectionate husband, to be as ;
truly distinguished for her piety and good
sense in her appropriate sphere, as Gen.
W. was in his. How opposite this conduct
from that displayed by manv a husband,
' - - ? * .? _l:I
wno Jcars to eievatc tnc mouicr 01 ins cuu- ,
dren tc dignity of " mistress of cerc.
monies" in his family, from the mistaken
apprehension that in doing this she may infringe
upon his own rights. In speaking of
the special attention given to my mother on
her birthday, I would not be misapprehended.
So invariably polite has my father cvcr
been to my excellent mother, and so unconsciously
has ftis respect been manifest,
ed, that you could not question the fountain
from whence it flowed. There was no
" scrupulous exactness in paying those minute
attentions" which should constitute the j
warp and woof of wedded love; they rath- !
er seemed like the descent of showers from j
clouds surcharged with moisture, or like !
emanations from the glorious or!) of day,!
whose beams, while they enlighten and j
warm, exhilarate all surrounding nature.'"
TUEOLOtilCAL REJIIAAIUES.
From tlio last Report of the American Education
Bocioty.
Statistics of Theological Seminaries in
the 1'nitcd States*
MAINE.
Theological Seminary at Bangor.?Ineorporated,
1914. Congregational. Com.
mcnced operations, 1816. Professors, 3;
students in theological department, 40. Libraiy,
2,300 volumes. Alumni, 62.
MASSACHUSETTS.
Theological Seminary at AncUnrr. Incorporated,
1809. Congregational. Professors,
6 ; students, 152. Library, 11,000
volumes. Alumni, 672.
Theological School of Harvard Utiicersity.
In Cambridge. Commenced operations,
1824. Unitarian.* Professors, 3;
students, 30. Alumni, 100.
Ncucton Thcologictil Institution, In New.
ton. Incorporated, 1026. Baptist. Frofeasors,
3 ; students in theological departrnent,
49; in preparatory department, 7.
Library, 1,000 volumes. Aluriyi, 31. About
two-thirds of this number finislidfcjhc regular
course. ^
CONNECTICUT.
Theological Department o/[ Yale College.
In New Haven. Commenced 'operations,
1822. Congregational. Professors, 3;
students, 53. Alumni, 113.
Theological Institute of Connecticut. In
East Windsor. Incorporated, 1034. Congregational.
Professors besides tlie President,
3 ; students, 17. Libraiy, 2,090 vols*
NEW YORK.
Ifarticiek Throlocrieal Seminary. In Hart.
wick: Incorporated, 1815 : Lutheran:
Professors, 2 ; students, 3; preparing for
the seminary, 12; Library, 1,1)00.
General Theological Seminary of the Protegtani
Episcopal church in the United States,
In Netf York: Established, 1817, in the
city of New York: removed to^'cw Haven,
l&O : removod back to the city of New
York, 1822, in which year it was incorporated
: Frofcssrs, C ; students, 80: Libfaiy,
3,880 volumes: Alumni, 73.
HaniiUon. Literary arui Theological Institu&an.
In Hamilton: Commenced operations,
1620: Baptist: Professors, 4 : sludents,
?.
* It was {bunded by Trinitarian?, but' has gradual
ly and imperceptibly passed into tho hands of
1 Unitarians.?Cher. Guz.
Theological Seminary at Auburn. Com- i
menced operations, 1821 : Presbyterian: <
Professors, 4 ; students, 5G : Library, 4?500
volumes: .ilumni, 190: Al^out one i
third of these continued at the seminary
three years.
NEW JERSEY.
Theological Seminary at Princeton. Commenced
operation^ 1812 : Presbyterian :
Professors, 3 ; [Thenumber has lately been
increased to 5.] students, 137: Libraiy,
0,500 : Alumni, 643 : About one-third
of this number remained at the seminary
the term of three years.
Theological Seminary of the Dutch Deformed
Church. In New Brunswick: Professors,
3; students, 24.
PENNSYLVANIA.
Theological Seminary of the German Re.
formed Church. In York: Established,
1825: Professors, 2; students, 20.
Theological Seminary of the General Synod
of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. In
(Jettysburg: Established, 1626: Professors,
2 ; students, 20 : Library, 7,000 vols.
Western Theological Seminary. lit Alle.
ghnnytown: Established, 1828: Presbyterian:
Professors,2; [now!!] students,29: Library,
4,000 volumes.
Theological School at Canonsburgh. Under
the direction of the Associate ehtrrch :
Several students.
Thr.nlo/rical Scminaru of the Associate
LMJic oemmary. in cinciiinan ; jjsiaplished,
1829 : Presbyterian : Professors, 3,
besides the President; students, 42.
Theological Seminary of the Diocese of
Ohio. In Gambia, in connection wiih Kenyon
College: Students, 11.
Theological Schoo7. In Columbus : Under
the direction of Lutherans.
INDIANA.
Indiana Theological Seminary. In South
Hanover: Presbyterian : Professors, 2;
students, 10.
RIRAL KC0XOJIT.
Corn for Seed.
When corn is husked, it should be put
in long narrow cribs, so constructed as to
admit of a free circulation of air throughout.
This will prevent the injury in the quality of
the grain from mustincss which is so frequently
caused where it is too much secluded
from the air. Selecting corn for seed
should claim the particular attention of the
farmer. The largest cars, from the most
producetive stalks, arc in those which are in
all eases to be preferred. A selection of
this kind for several successive years lias
been found to improve the grain so much
* < _ i
as to mcrcase tl>e produce to a very considerable
amount, besides adding to its quality.
Those who wish to have full and even Crops,
preserve four or five times the usual quantity
for seed, so that it may be planted thickly,
and afterwards thinned to the requisite
distance. This is of great importance
whore there is a probability of the young
plants being destroyed by insects; as the
greater the number of plants, the greater will
he the probability of a part escaping. Fields
thus planted the present year have yielded
in most cases full crops; while others which
were planted with the usual limited quantity
only, have frequently been more than half
destroyed. Another advantage of this
method is, that in thinning the most thrifty
plauts may be sufferd to remain, while
others of inferior growth are removed.
Gen. Farmer.
Country Agricultural Socuti?&~?'The
nmmer Sbifnt of Ohio and Indinna are setting
J ? ?
a noble example to their elder sisters, in making
legislative provision for the establish,
mcnt ofCounty Agricultural Societies. In
the latter, a State Board of Agriculture is
established which we preceivc by papers of
that State, is actively engaged in die organization
of County Societies.?Ten, Far.
Agricultural Warehouse Boston.-Thc
Agricultural Warehouse,Boston,is an estate
| lishment extending from North Marketj
street to Ann-street, containing tour rooms,
00 ?v?t bv 40, and fi!lo,l v*Mi A grionlfural
? r> - - - ^ ^
Reformed Church. In Pittsburgh : Incorporated,
1928: Students, 1(J.
VIRGINIA.
Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary
of Virginia. In Fail *tx county, near
Alexandria, D. C. Professors, 3; students,
39 : Libraiy, 2,000 volumes: Alumni, 05.
Union Theological Seminary. In Prince
Edward county : Established, 1824 : Presbyterian
: Professors, 3; Assistant Teacher,
1; students, 31: Library, 4,000 vols.
Alumni, 71.
Virginia Baptist Seminary. At Spring
Farm, near Richmond : Established, 1932.
Professors, 3; students, 56.
SOUTH CAROLINA.
Theological Seminary at ColumJa'a. Established,
1829 : Presbyterian: Professors,
2; [now 3] students, 21: Library, 1,800 vols.
Theological Seminary at Lexington. Established,
1832 : Commenced operations,
1835 : Lutheran : Students, 14 : Library,
1,200 volumes.
I Fur/nan Theological Seminary. At High
Hills: Baptist. [Suspended for the present,
but will probably be revived next year.]
GEORGIA.
Baptist Literary and Theological Inst/in.
lion. In Eaton: Recently commenced
operations. Students, 10.
TENNESSEE.
Southern and Western Theological Semi
nary. In Maryvillc: Established, 1819 :
| Presbyterian: Professors, 2; students, 22:
| Library. 6,000 volumes: Alumni, 50.
! ' OHIO. j
Theological Department of Western Be.
serve College. In Hudson: Presbyterian:
.Students, 3 : Instruction given by the President
aud three Professors.
r o?. r_
implements, seeds, and various patent' d
ai tides; it is a complete museum, in w ich
is deposited every thing that is. new and
useful to the cultivator, ar.il which even* farmer
ought to make it a point of visiting
whenever he happens to be in Boston.
Silk Maimvl.
Tbc Durham Cattle*
A most vftluaMo correspondent in Kentucky,
gi'.i-s tl.e folk-wiagr.sthe ibsbionabk?
points of Durham cattle, as insisted upon by
breeders in that state. Pioni liis great experience
in breeding, and excellent judgment,
we have no doubt their publication will be
serviceable to our readers:?Farm.SfGard.
" The most nonular color is red, and the
_ - - I I
next roan, though 1 would not care much
about color if an animal suited nic in other
respects, and as respects pedigree. nothing
but the best woukl suit me. I should then
want the animal as large as I could get him,
to be finely formed and have fine bones;
but I shot:] i prefer a small animal well formed
to a large coarse animal.
" I will here state what form and shape is
most prized here?the head, horn and neck
should be small; the shoulder should not
rise up too abruptly from the neck on each
side, nor should the animal be too thick
through the points of the shoulder; the
brisket should be low,broad, and project well
before the fore legs; the ribs should be sufficiently
barrelled to give ample capacity to
the lungs, with no depression or hollow behind
the shoulders, and no sharpness On the
back behind the shoulders?the back should
be straight and broau, the-hips should bo
wide and on a level with the back and tail;
the hip bones should be large and well rounded,
and the distance from the hip to the tail
should he as long as possible; the tail should
> In.-il u?!*K nnH
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should be largtfat top and taper down so as
to be very small jnst above the bush; between
the hips and the tail on each side the*
space should b? well filled up, so a9 to givo
a regular rounded shape, and there should
not be too much narrowness in the thighs
when viewed from behind, (the fashion in
Kentucky is to run back nearly square from
the hips to the back part of the thighs;) tho
thighs should be long and fleshy down to
tho hock, and nearly perpendicular as the
animal stands, from the root of the tail to
the hock : the flanks should be deep, and
the legs should be flat and the bones small
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next three months, and one gallon and a half
during the succeeding fou? months. The
Ayrshire cow yielding 5 gallons of milk jxr
day will afford 34 o'jnces=JNb. 2 oz. of
butter. Mr. Aiton says : To sum up a;l in
one sentenfoe, I now repeat ihundreds and
thousands of the i>\s! Scocth dairy cows,
when they arc in their best conditio!! and
iccll fed, yield at the rate <.f 2039 Scotch
pints of ini'k (1000 gallons, a ifcc-ich pint
bciug equal to our li#lf gallon) inrae year;
lhat in general, trom 7 i-2 to 6 pints (3 1-5
to 4 gallons) of their milk v.::! y i- Id a pound
of butter county weight, (1 1-2 !b. avered
pois;) that 05 piuts (27 ! -2 gallons- ) or their
milk will produce one stone and a half of
full milk cheese."
Mr. Ran lane, another distinguished Id:. glish
authority, says:
** I have s-vn 10 pin'..- of rr.iik (9 gcdlnns)
drawn from a cow in one day. f .had a
three year old quey that o-zsco :or six v-g.j*
after calving gave 13 pints (91.2 gallons)
a day. These, however, arc rare in&3:icrc.
The fattening properties of the AyrsUie
cattle we believe to be a tittle exaggerated.
They will feed kindly and profitably; asi
their meat will be good. They! *hi tV.Jes.
on farms and in districts where others fc oibd
not be made to thrive at al), except partly c*
principalis s'Toportod by artificial fjod, ;
? r ' .
r t T * n .Cw ^
? . ' I
J
awl snort, oo tar, we nave own pitaavu
with the longest bodied animals we could
get. _ .
" I do not expect perfection in any animal,
but should like to get one as near it as possible.
I particularly want a bull to be fine
in the back just behind the shoulders^ and
in the ribs beiiind the shoulders."
Gleaning* from European Works.
THE AYRSHIRE COW.
" The origin of the Ayrshire Cow is even
at the present day a matter of dispute; all
that is certainly known about her is, that a
century ago there was no such breed in
Cunningham, or Ayrsliire, or Scotland, and
the present improved stock is supposed to
be a cross with some foreign stock* It is
' said to have been the Ilolderness that helped
to produce the improved Cunningham cattle.
The cattle, from which by crosses with the
nati\e breed the present improved Ayrshire
arose, were first introduced on Lord March*
months estates in Berwickshire. They were
soon afterwards carried to the forms of tho
same nobleman at Somberg in Kyle.
The breed has much improved since Mr*
Aiton described it, and is short in the leg,
the neck a little thicker at the shoulder, but
^ ' J m llAVrvO
iinejy simpcu io?iirus mu iitou) u<v nvuu
smaller tlian these of the Highlanders, but
clear and smooth, pointing forwards, and
turning Upwards, and tapering to a point.
They are deep in the carcass, but not round
and ample, and especially not so in the loins
and haunclies. Some, however, have suspected,
and not without reason, that ar. attention
to the shape and beauty, and an attempt
to produce iat and sleeky cattle, which
may be be admired at the show, has a tendency
to improve what i3 only their second
point?their quality as grazing cattle,??md
that at the hazard or the certainty of diminishing
their value as milkers. We agree
with Mr. Aiton, that the excellency of a dairy
Cow is estimated by the quantity and the
quality of lxer milk. The quantity yielded
by the Ayrsliirc Cow is, considering her size,
very great. Five gallons daily, for two or
.three mouths after calving, may be considerWus
not more than an average- quantity.
Three gallons daily will be given for the

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