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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, January 12, 1836, Image 1

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CHERAW GAZETTE.
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m. maclean, editor & proprietor. CHERAW, S.'C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1836. vol. i. no. 9.
"* +A*K ' * * * ? %, c %** ? s '?"* * ^ *
-? - ? - :- 1. 1 1 i
Published every Tuesday.
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11 1 - * #
MEDICAL.
Physical Treatment of iiuiartu.
from Dr. Combe,on Health & Mental Education
As it is only in< its useful applications to
the improvement and happiness of man that
knowledge truly becomes power, we proceed,
in accordance with this principle, to
point out some of the advantages derivable
irom that which we have attempted to com municate.
,
It appears from the London-Bill of Mortality,
that between a foyrth arid a fifth of
all die infhnts baptized die within tfie first
two years of their existence. This*extraordinary
result is not a part of\t he Creator's
designs; it docs not..q^curinthc lower ynimals,
and must therefore' have causes capable
of removal. One of these, to speak only
ofwbat is delated to the present inquiry,is unquestionably
the inadequate protection af*.
forded, especially among the poorer classes,
to the new-born infant, against the effects of
fhe great and sudden transition which it
makes in passing at, once from a high and
almost unvarying temperature in the moth"
- ~ tnfowiAw (in/LTAAti _
ITS WUillUf IU U1K jiuviiv/t uuu WH*
stantly liable to change. At birth, the skin
is delicate, extremely vascular, and highly
susceptible of impressions; so much so,
that cases have occurred in which a.leechbite
has caused a fatal hemorrhage. The
circulation is, in fact, cutaneous; for the
lungs, the, stomach, the liver, are as yet
11m to life, and feeble in their functions. . If
the infant, then, be rashly exposed to a cold
atmosphere, the,mass of blood previously
circulating on the surface of the -body is
immediately driven inwards by the contraction
of the cutaneous vessels, and, by overstimulatingthe
internal organs, gives rise to
bowel complaints, inflammations, croup, or
convulsions, which sooner or later extinguish
life. This shows the inexpressible
folly of those who bathe infants daily, in
nnrl Av>i>i<r av
i^OW .WQICr CVU1I 411 vt im^j y tuiu iiwiy I
J)Q?c them the open a?T, "TJf to CfimSYs j
Irom dpeu doors or windows, with a view !
to iiarden their-constitutions; when it is quite |
certain that no more effectual means could j
be resorted to in. tko earlier mouths of fife
to undermine the general health and entail
future disease on- the unhappy subjects of
the experiment.
This hurtful practice has perhaps arisen
111 sonic degree irom the prevalent error of
supposing that infants have naturally a
great power of generating heat and resisting
'cold. That the very opposite is the
fact has been established by (he experiments
of Dr. Milne Edwards, which show that
%i the power of producing heat in. warmblooded
animals is at its minimum at irirth,
and increases successively to adult age,"
and that instead of young animals being
Avarmer than adults, they arc generallg a
degrco or two colder, and part with their
heat moreTeadily. In ten healthy infants,
from a few days to two hours old, the meaiv
temperature was, observed by Dr. %dwards
to be only 94d. 55. Fahr., tliat of adults
being 97d. or 98d.; and in a seven months*
child, three hours after birth, he found the,
tempemtuMT so low aa 89d. 6, although
the child was well clothed ,and near a good
tire. That exposure to cold is really so injurious
in infancy is unhappily proved by a
multitude of facts. In France, as already
alluded to in the first chapter, it is the-cue.
torn to carry every infant, soon after birth,
to the-offioe of the moire, that its bulb may
be registered. Suspecting that the exposure
consequent upon such a practice must
be pernicious to health, especially in winter,
and wheife the distance is great, Dr. Edwards
made inquiry, and on consulting the
returns made to the. Minister of the Interior,
found that the proportion of deaths within
very limited period after birth was much
greater im winter than in summer, and in the
northern than in the southern departments ;
and on further inquiry be discovered that
?!"> ?woe mvatpr in n,ko.a
(UC IIIVl ?*?? *J O" !" ? UltVO Wl|btv
the inhabitants wap scattered at a distance
from the maire, than where tliey were con.
gregatcd near him; so that the number of
deaths in infancy* seemed to be influenced
by the degree and duration of the exposure
to the cold air. 'What more .striking proqi
^ than this can be required of the cVils arising
* from the ignorance of our legislators in re.
gard to the constitution of the human bodyl
Na man who understood physiology coulc
fixer- have sanctioned a law, the practical ef.
iectjof which is to consign annually so many
victims to an untimely grave.
Many parents, from over-anxiety to avoic
one form o??cvil, run blindfold into anothei
scarcely less pernicious, and not only envel
op infants in -innumerable folds of warrr
clothing, but keep them confined to verj
hot and close rooms. It would be well foi
them to recollect, however, that extremes
are always hurtful, and that the constitutior
may be enfeebled, and disease induced, bj
too much heat and clothing and too clos<
an atmosphere, as effectually as by cold an<
currents of air. The skin thus opene<
and relaxed perspires too easily, and is read
ily aflected by the slightest variations o
temperature; whence arise colds and othe
ailments, which it is the chief intention -t<
guard Jigwqst: and the internal organs, be
k
ing at the. same time deprived of their fail
proportion x>f Wood, become enfeebled, anc
afford inadequate nourislime.it and suppor
to the rest of the body.
The insensible perspiration being com.
. posed of a large quantity of water, which
' passes off in the tbrm of vapor and is nol
! seen, and of various salts and animal mat.
ter, a portion of which remains adlierent tc
1 the slin, the removal of this yesiduc
washing becomes an indispensable condi.
tion of health, the observance of which,
particularly in early life, when waste and
nutrition are both very active, prevents the
appearance of cutaneous and other diseases
common to infancy. Not only, therefore,
is daily washing of the body required at
that age, but a frequent change of the clothing
is essential, ami every thing in the shape
of dress ought to be" loose and easy, both
to allo\y free circulation through the vessels,
and to permit the insensible perspiration to
have a iree exit, instead 01 being connnea
to, and absorbed by the clothes, and heldtin
contact with the sfdn, 03 often happens, till
it gives rise to irritation. ,
In youth, the.skin is still delicate iritexture
and the seat, of extensive exhalation
and acute sensation, but -it is at.tlie same
.time more vigorQus in constitution than it
\yas iri.infancy; and the several animal &nc
tions being pojv more equally balanced, it is
less susceptible of disorder from external
causes, ana can endure with rmpdnity changes'of
tfempefaiura which, at-eitheran earli?r
or more advanced age,'would have proved
"highly injurious. The - activity and
restless energy of youth keep up a free and
equai circulatioa eyen in the remotest parts
of the bod}',.; and this Tree circulation in its
turn maintains an equality of temperature
in them alV " Cold bathing and'lighter clc thing'may
now be resorted to"with a rational
prespect of advantage: hut when* from a
weak constitution or unusual susceptibility^
the slan ts not endowed with sufficient vitality
to originate the necessary reaction, which alone
renders these?s<fe and proper,?ichen
they produce an abidingeciise of' chilliness,
however slight in degree,?we may rest assured
that mischief will inevitably folloio at a
greater or shorter distance of time. Many
young pei^>ns of both sexes are in the hahit
of going about in winter and in coid weather
with a dress light and airy enough for
a northern summer, and they think it manly
and becoming to do so; but those who are
not very strongly constituted suffer a severe
penalty for thoir folly. The necessary effect
of deficient circulation and vitality in
1 tKn i /% n /licn??/\n/M?fiAnnfA w*nnr.
wii* oaui 10 lu uuwir u. UISJJJ vjjujuuiiuw UHias
of blood inwards; and when this condition
exists, insufficient clothing perpetuates the
orifr?*"<'Tfnn?rnai is goriera&d, ana
health irrecoverably lost. Insufficient clothing
not only exposes the wearer to all the
risk prsudden changes of temperature, but
it is stilt more dangerous (because in a degree
less marked, and therefore less apt to
excite attention titt the pvil bo-incurred;, in
that form which, while it is warm enough to
guard the body against extreme cold, is inadequate
to preserving the skin at its natural
heat. Many youths, particularly females
and those whose occupations are sedentary,
pass days, and weeks, and months without
ever experiencing the pleasing glow and
warmth of a healthy jskin, and are habitual.
!y complaining of chilliness of the surface,
cold feet, and other symptoms of deficient
cutaneous circulation. Their suffering, unfortunatehr.
does not stop here, for the tine
qual distribution of the blood oppresses the
internal organs, and too often, by insensible
degrees, lays the foundation of tubercles in
the lungs, and btlisr maladies, which show
themselves only when arrived at an incurable
stage. Young persons' of a consumptive
habit will generally be found to complain
of this increased.*eiisibility to cold,
even before "they become subject to those
slight catarrhal attacks which are so often
the immediate precursors, or rather the firsi
stages, of pulmonary consumption. All
who Yahie health, and have common sense
and Vesolution, wjll therefore take warning
at signs like these, and "never rest till equili.
brium of action be restored. For this pur.
pose, warm clothing* exercise in the open
airr sponging witfr vinegor and water*, the
- ' -a.'
warm uam, regular mcnon \tiui a uvsu.
brush or hayvglove, and great cleanliness.
ar$ excellently adapted.
X . . . I
" parent's department. .
From the Mother's Magazine.
A Father's Influence in the Domestii
Circle.
Much lias appropriately been said anc
written to awaken mothers to a sense ol
their influence and responsibility. But this
J theme has not been dwelt upon with a view
to disparage or lessen the Influence or re
r sponsibility of fathers, as has been intimated
F If Union be strength any where, it is em
piratically so in regard ;o the efforts of pa.
. Without a COnrtfintrntinn rf pflnrf
f in the nursery,, we haV e no right to cxpec
t a well regulated family.
Here the noxious weeds of discord spring
. up spontaneously, whose seed is in itsell
and yielding fruit after his kind; and thesi
1 can only be extirpated by the-systematic
: persevering and combined efforts of fathe:
. and mother.
_ Instpad of union, wc sometimes find it
Christian parents a great want of unanimity
of effort in training their offspring 'tor im
mortality. /<4t is not very unusual to fini
even here petty jealousies, animosities, an<
disputes, weakening and in some instances
2 sundering the bonds of conjugal affection
i producing their .legitimate fruits, anarch;
f and misrule in the children; fulfiling th
* declaration," A house divided against itsell
f is brought to desolation."
r Perhaps the first step in this pathway c
y ruin, was taken inadvertently; it may hav
i originated in a merc want qf custom an' no
r litcness or attention; one little difficulty ied
1 on to ohother, and another, till at length this
t husband and wife trifled with each other's
feelings, and were less aud less Studious to
. promote each .other's happiness,
i Possibly their first temptation to think jl^
t of each Other, was on making the discover}*,
that after all their fond anticipations of hap>
piness in each otheris^ocicty, their habits,
r feelings, views, tastes or dispositions were
quite dissimilar. A disapjjointiftent was not
> merely felt, but expressed. At this critical
i moment, instead of an effort to brihg-their
s views to harmonize, or, in agreeing to differ
> in opinion, each was self-opinionated, and
, equally determined to make a convert of
tho other. All this happened without any
intention of doing each other tlie least injustice.
The evil lay farther back. IIoW
could any thing else have been expected
from a husband, who in the days of *his
childhood had never been taugfit by his father
to be strictly obedient to his nioiher, nor
polite and condescending to his sisteis 1
How could any ihing'else have been expected
front a wife,'who had never been taught by
a mother's exemple, the wholesome lessop,
that <rtcfyiekl is to conquer."
Parents who have'themselves indulged in
little'bickerings'and jealousies in relation to
each ether, should not surp/kted to find
mtheir children emulation and strife, cruel
hatred and revenge. A little reflgctio&asiighl
have shown them that their own example
had nurtured and encouraged these wicked
dispositions; according to the homely maxi
im, " Give children an inch and they will
take an ell.'' rm *
Jlappy is that family where the husband
1 and'fa'her maintains with credit .and honoi
' the elevation from whence he derives his superior
influence and responsibility. -To excrt
this influence, in a way, so as to render
those who " shine in his beams," the most
respectable?useful?happy, doubtless consists
his true dignity. : It is lamentable to
see husbands or father^ instead of aiming
to be renowned in deeds, great in goodness}
content to be first in autlkorUy, to derive their
dignity from their station merely, forgetting
.1 ^ -7- _?.* . +i i. _":,l .it- - cs
mat it is wnn inem, as n is wun ine t^uu
theirsis not a borrowed lustre?their usefulnessjs
determined by the light and heal
which they impart to surrounding objects.
"But my desiflm is to speak more particu.
lariy of an inconsiderate fulhtrs influence in
the domestic circle." We do sometimes see
a well regulated family, where the father
takes but little interest in domestic affairs,
and where he even takes no active part in
maintaining family government. Yet, rarely
if ever is this the fact, where the father puts
- forthi ?*-***? ww*??>ing n.fl
Will any aver, that the latter is seldom
done ? All, at a glance perceive that sucli
a course would be shameful?wicked?ruinous.
Alas! there are many ways in which
a father may inconsiderately counteract 01
neutralize a mother's influence. He may
be entirely unconscious himself of tire course
1 Tri .
uc is 11 jus puisuui?> 11 Iiawere interrogated
on this point, you would hear him exclaim,
" I would as soon plant a dagger in my own
1 breast, as to destroy my dear wile's influence
in my own family." The evil is an jn'siui;
ous~onc, and should therefore be pointed out.
I will mention a few cases which will illustrate
my meaning, and which i trust will be
' palpable tp the apprehension of every iathei
: whos<? judgment has not been warped by
existing circumstances; but in order to dc
this, I must descend to particulars. A C09L
test Arises between a mother and her child;
1 I will suppose that the father, knowing all
J. the ciroiwfetances, does not exactly approve
of the course whjcb the mother has pursued;
yet, if he withholds his influence anfeupport
from her in subduing the cbilaT the
mother's influence is lessened,if not destroy,
ed. Let a father express even a doubt, in
1 the hearing of his child, whether a mother's
1 command is nerfectlv reasonable: let him
J but unguardedly say, " Wife do govern youi
^ own temper, before you attempt to govern
| the child; see that you don't get angry your?
-self." Let a father but insinuate that pro.
bably a child's faults are not* corrected, be.
cause a mother does not take the right metji.
1 od. Let him expostulate with his wife thus
" My dear, do give the child what it wants
' to eat, or-to drink; do not starve the pool
' thing."
- \ Let the father insinuate that the mother is
over-righteous; let him insist on taking oui
the child for a walk, on the Sabbath, contrary
ttfthe mother's views of rights let hirr
persist in taking out a child to'walk or tc
: ride, when the mother thinks it too unwell
or the weather too cOld. Let a father inti
1- giate, even in a trifling way, that the rnothc:
; is disposed to-assuine the reins of govern
i ment, and he slrikes-a deadly blow at he;
r subsequent efforts to legislate in the family
. even in his absence, unless a merciful banc
. interpose. The fether may forget that he
fPhas ever intimated such things in the hear.
ingofhis children and servants; but they
, will not forgetthem. This tide of niisdircdtec
t influence will probably roll on through tutun
generations till it mingles in the ocean ?
* eternity. Children,'and especially sons,need
but little encouragement, to induce them tc
3 trifle with their mother's feelings, tratnph
, on her authority and impugn her motives
r Let a father be severe in the treatment o
his wife; let him. be soverej^n, arbitrary
a tyitfnnical, even in his manner towards her
/ and he weakens, if he docs not destroy he]
. influence. x ]
i . It is not only right and proper, b? it ii
i likewise beautiful, to see a wife taking spe
i, cial care to render the home of licr husban<
, pleasant and cheerful?ncAt and orderly?
y her children quiet, obedient, industrious
e that she be frugal in her expenditures; tho
f, she " look well to the ways of her house
? hold, and eat not the bread of idleness." 1
>f is right that her husband should be some
c times entirely unmolested,, and freefror
- | perplexing cares, and that his study showl
N.
[ be quiet. .Butit is equally incumbent, equali
ly <jpmrpendatory ^hat he give his personal
efforts, and at time's his individual and cheerful
attention to produce subjection and order
in the family ; - and that he aid in rendering
his own" nursery and family quiet, cheerful,
happy, not as conferring an. obligation on
his-wife, but in (lie discharge of an obligation
to a heavenly Father, who entrusted these
children to his special guardiunship. ^
Sqitne men who would lay claim to the
character of a loving husband, and a fond
father, after hours, it may bc,<luys of absence
from home, perhaps 011.perplexing
business?yet their spirits have been exhilr'
rateddjy a change of scene, or by a charming
ride, or a lovely walk, yet they 110 sooner
enter their own dwelling, than you may hear
tliem, in a captious and fault finding manner,
chiding ttfc care worn wife, that her
children arc captious and noisy. *
-* * * *. *
A father, let his situation be ever so-clcva
icj, jus uvuuuuuus vvi;r su numerous, ?mu
. his business ever so pressing, has no warrant
from the word of Go'cj, for withholding
either life influence or his personal efforts
"fer making his children precisely what.be
couldnvish. them to become, and what every
| family ought'to become; a family that God
r, will delight to own. and to bless. We do
I not read that faithful Abraham, tfho became
i the father of mafiy nations, and had a great retinue
of servants, made this an excuse for
not commanding his Children and his housc
hold. If a father is so circumstanced, that'
[ he cannot bestow his personal attention and
efforts to train his children to habits of obei
dicnce and usefulness, lef him provide a safe
( placp abroad, where this can be effected;
above all things let not a child be left to disobey
oi^trifle, with a mother's authority*.
. .The threatenings of God are no less irrevocable
than his promises. The voice of inspiration
declares, "The'eye tliat mocketh
at his father, and rcfuscth to obey his mother,
| the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and
1 the young eagle shall eat it." Thowtti this
| threatening be not literally fulfilled, m case
r of disobedience, a curse no less dreadful
' should bcrexpected, unless timely repentance
1 and reformation avert the evil. It is some|
times intimated that the children of ministers
arc mora difficult to gov^n and manage,
in schools, and in the Sabbath school, than
other children. I'woulcl affectionately and
respectfully inquire, if there be not danger,
while there is such a demand for protracted
effort on the part of the wisest and best of
' men, in earning forward the benevolent
. efforts of the day, in aid of the " conversion
, of the world," is there not imminent danger
_ ihtis MnplrtH, ?*?o
sacredness of the object a plausible excuse,
1 for neglecting their own families? But I
hesitate not to say, that no public or parochial
duties, no missionary labor or respon.
sibilitv, can exonerate a husband or a father
, from a discharge of the paramount duty he
, owes to the wile of his l>Osom; and the chil|
dren of his own bowels.
Bui let mo add, there will be no occasion
for this, where there is unity cf effort betw<?en
, parents.
HVBAL BCOXOTKY.
On the Spaying of milch Cows.
BY M.LEVART, OF LAUSANNE.
(Fromthe Veterinarian.)
> In May, 182?, charged by the* government
of Vaud with the superintendence of
the castration of colts "in'that cantph, the
I opportune which thisaffordod me of rei
peatinff the experiments made in America
, Encouraged by the success of the first
, experiment, M. Ftancclkn begged me to"
r spay a second cow. He chose an okl one
). that gave plenty of milk, in-order that be
3 might be able to judge of tHe effect of the
- operatioh On old cows. She was at least
3 twelve years aid, and had had two calves in
- the preceding October that had befen got
; from her with considerable difficulty, and
t she was accustomed to yield, on the aver
age, about eight quarts of milk. She was
t operated upon, on the 18th November, thir!
ty-thiee (toys after calving, and she, was
n then yielding twelve quarts of milk r but it
d is right to say. that she had a purulent
I on the "spaying of the cow, was toofavora"
ble to hie lost. I extracted the ovaries from!
a cow destined to be slaughtered. She was
not then giving milk, and fiierefere my purpose
could not be fully ans wered"; nevertheless
it was something for me to I lave studied
C the method of performing the operation,
t -and to have assured myself ol its patholoi
gical connection and effect. I should, on
. another occasion, be enabled to practice the
. operation with more adroitness; and should
. probably ipspire-confidence in those who
. might think proper to* employ me. The
, cow seemed a httle depressed during the
i first two days after the spaying, but on the
third day she had regained all her ordinary
habits and spirits.
; " I was then anxiotts to operate on a cow
I that *as in the condition indicated by M.
. Winn, i. c. about a month after her second
\ or third calving.
M. Francelloii Michand-, to whom I imparted
this wish} requested mo to make the
' experiment on"one of his cows; She wxe*
six years old, and had her third calt In
tlie preceding years she had given "eight
quarts of milk at eaclf time immediately at
ter her calving, and six quarts some month's
afterwards."
On the 29tb June, 1833, she was opera.
Jed on. She appeared scarcely affbct,ed by
it, except tha; she did not eatquito so much
during the two next days, and her milk diminished
to four quarts; but xmt the third
' -day she recovered her spirits and appetite,
and yielded her usual quantity vof thilk. During
the summer she gave,seven qharts, although,
in the preceding years, she had not
. been accustomed to yield more than sixf|
quarts at this season.
charge from the tuba, and that she dkl nol
eat with the appetite she was accustomed tc
do. ' ' Writers
on the spaying of the cow, have
not described the manner of performing the
oj>eraUonand it is well known that the ovaries
do not retain the same situation in af
animals. Daubcnton was the first whef described
the spaying of sheep, but the method
which would be pursued with regard tc
the sheep would not be applicable to the
cow. It is on this account that I feel disposed
to relate the method which 1 pursuec
in spaying these animals.
The operation ought to be performed be*
twecn thirty and thirty-eight days after calving,
and on a cow that had just had hei
second or third calf, because this is the age
and time when she yields the greatest quan
tity of milk, and retains it during the longes
period. No preparation is nece ssary, ex
cept the refraining from feeding her as plen
tiful as usual on the night bcibtfe Spaying
and to operate in the morning before sh<
was fed. The necessary implements ar<
ropes, a plank, or a bai of wood, two bistou
rics,[knives] (one convex and very sharp, tlx
other probe-pointed and straight,) two curvei
needles, some strong thread well waxed
and a plank or bar of wood, about eigh
inches wide and three in thickness.
In order to operate safely and well, tb
cow mu^t he properly secured. To cflec
this, she must be placed against a wall wit
her left side towards the operator. Thre
strong rings should-be fixed in the wall wit
straps and buckles attached to them; on
for a cord to confine the head, the two other
should be placed lower, the one on "a lev*
with the lower part of the right shouldci
the other at the point of the hock. A cor
should be , passed in front of the ches
brouglrt along the left side of the body c
the cow. nasscd behind the thighs, and fixe
to a buckle which is oh a level with th
hock, or ratlier an assistant should hold th
end of the rope passed once around th
ring. The head is to be fixed by a turn c
the cord, which is to be licld by a stron
man. Tlien the plank or bar of woo
must be placed obliquely under the teat<
and in front of the hind limbs: an assistar
holds this, so that the operator may be sat
from the kicking of the animal; final!
6ome one holds the tail, or it is tied to th
rope that goes round the patient, in order t
escape the blows which the animal woul
give with it when the arpi was patted int
The abdomen. ;
In default of a wall provided with rir>?
and buckles, a strong palisade"will do, <
any solid barrier, or trees growing at a coi
vaniont <ti? ***?*> froni each other, and '
which a strong bar of v^pod ntpy be fixed.
The animal beingsecured, the operato
armed with ftie convex bistoury, which 1
holds in his-right hand, places himself i
the left shoulder of tHe cow; with his 1c
hand -resting on . her bock.' That. liar
serves -as a point of suppert for him fe n
tire or rest upon, if it snotdd be accessor
during her struggles, and also enablirtg-hil
to use his right hand more effectually. E
then places ther edge of the bistoury on Jl
middle and a little nearer the superior pa
of the left flank, and at brio Incision cu
through the skin njri- fta muscles'of tW
part vertically. '
The flank having been opened,and tipper
toneum [lining ?Kmit>rane] with it, the-operi
torenlaiges the incision so as to be enabled t
introduce hjsjiand & armt Taking tlic bistoi
ry imhis left1iandrhnrfow gently <fe-cautioui
ly introduces his riglit hand into the atyiomcj
directing if to wards the pelvis and behin
3he cilfde sac of the paunch, where he wi
fmd the horns of the uterus- When he he
recognised tbis viscus, he carries his hand
little above its bifurcation, wliere the ovari?
are situated between tho folds of the siti
spensor ligaments .of the litotes ; he sfcze
one of the ovaries, which he defitclieVat ii
posterior part, by moans, qf theJhianbkjTn
fore finger, .and he passes his finger alon
theconvexity. of the ovary in .order to sept
rate k complotely from the peritoneal Ugi
ptent which sustains it, Thfen he takes th
omry in his hand, he draws it gently to ware
him, ate^ b/h^eans of tKe thumb naite^
saws the vessels cfhcT the horns of the
pian tube on his fore finger, whieh offej
him a point of support under thpse vessels
finally he breaks the cord by succ^wive gei
tic tugs at it, wiuie he "is sawing it with In
nail, and helhus brings- out the. ovary.
He next introduces his hand a secon
time into the abdomen, and proceeds ta e:
tract the second (maty in the .same manne
"after which he'doses the 'wound with tw
or three sutures, taking care to leave tC litti
openiftg at the lower part ofHt, throug
which the matter of suppuration may a
cape, and which* without'this pr^pautidl
would burrow between the skm and tfc
muscles, or accumulate in the abdomen, ar
be a cause of irritation, and probably <
danger.
vThe ovaries may, if the pperator like
be brought through tlie opening made in tF
flank, and detached by the points of tl
Angers; but his manipulation may Som<
times be attended with inconvenience; b<
sides, it is more expeditious than, that whic
I described, because it sometimes happen
that the ovary escapes from the grasp, art
the arm n?ust be once more introduced int
the belly in order to find it again. v
Two or thre^tiap after the opjfiation, th
wound may be pressed. H ,The dressing cor
sistsin fomenting around the wound two c
three timesjoveryflay, and m hot weather i
putting a little of I'eau de LaharrSque (a sc
lution of chl^nde of, lime.) A-pledget <
tow shoiftd be plaoed crafty over the wonn
itself, and-th L8titqhes occasionally tighter
ed.
- The wound will usually be quite healed i
the space of fifteen days, or three" weeks j
tnost.'
From the observations I have sjpcc bee
t enabled to raako, f should offer the follow.
? ing as the advantages to be expected from
spaying cows; ' r\ .
) 1. An increase of at least one-tliird in
5 the production of milk.
2. The certainty of leaving a nearly
I equal supply at all times.
3. The disposition to fatten more readily,
and to greater extent, when their milk begins *
> to fail.
j 4. 'rtfc saving of an expense, often con- .
. siderable, arising from barren cows, and
I which, in some districts and on gome farms, .
either from the influence of breed or-bad
> management, occurs- to almost every cow
. once in two or three years. As an illustrar
tion of this, I mention, that, in the neighbor?
hood of Lausanne and Lavaux, the formers
. arc often obliged to change their cows, ant
expense almost ruinous to them.
Recuil, Feb. 1834.
From the Genesuco Farmer.
j THINGS A FARMER SHOULD NOT DO.
5 A farmer should ne^er undertake to cultiAatemore
land-than he can do thoroughly
2 ?-half tilled land is growing pcOrer?:well
j tilled land is constantly improving.
|5 A firmer should never keep more cattle,
!t horses, sheep or hogs, than he can keep in
good order; an anifo&l in high order the
e first of December, is already half wit t Ted.
A farmer should never depend on his
h neighbor for what he can, by care and good
e management, produce on his own fhrrn ; he
h should never beg fruit while lie Cfcn plant'
e trees, or borrow tools whileTtfc can make or
s buy; a*liigh authority has said, the borj]
rower is a servant to the lender: -,r,
1 The farmer should never be so immersed
d 1 in political matters, as to forget1 to..sow his
' * ' --1-. J k.?1.
I wneai, aig nispoiaioes, urni-vou* uy uwvv.>f
larnor should lie be sq inattentive tpjbem
J as to remain ignorant of those greatrfqeee
tionsro?national and state policy whicn will
e always, agitate more or less a free people.
e A farmer should shun the doors of a
)f bank, as lie* would an approach of the plague
gr or cbolprh ? banks are for men oT- speculad
tion, and theirs is a business with .vhicS-fif5>
mers should have little to do.
it A fanner should neyer be ashamed of his
e calling ; we know that no bpeav
tirely independent, yet the farmer should re'e
ftember that if any one can.bo paid te poso
sess that enviable distinctioiChb jS&emgm
d No farmer should* allow" the reproach of
Q' neglecting education to lie agtpqst hfitaself
or family; if knowledge is po^br,
rg ginning of it should be early and d^epjy kud
ir in the district schook * ' * *: ^3EKr
j. A farmer should never use ardent spirit.
<s> as a drink; if, white undergoing severe fa.
tigue, and the hard labors of tne summer^
ry he would enjoy robust health, let him be ten^lo-j
perate in all things. ' ^
at A farmer never should reiuse a ruir pwce
ift for any thing he wishes to sell. We have
id known a man who had several hundred bu2.
sheis of wheat to .dispose of, refuse 8s. be.
y, causa hp wanted" 8s. 6d? and-after keeping
eo his wheat six months, wtfte dad- to get 6s.
[e 6d, for it.. v.-~:
rtUip?!*1 to be emptied Of tf^od during, the
ts-j smij[ncr*^^ths^ if
i. \vift??and perbapslie competf^in a sei?$of
t- lectures, to^teafo
^estic^conomyV . ' > ; *vv '
X : JH farmer should never allow h^wirtdbw*
vpo be filled* with red jeloafcs, tattered eoats,
d and oldhatsvif h^aods, he will most assuU,
*red?^cqi4ryhe reputation of a m^fl.wiio s
tarries long^the whisky l^vjnghis ^fo
Vi and children to fifoeze or st&rve-at homo.
g- Theraare tfaihgs ok whicktheonan . j
!_ who airgs af .the character of a iprosperOus. 1
x farmer will never be'niggurdjy, nurture; tiU
s lage and seed; and there>are three things of
d which he W>nr?ises?
ff time ai\?-cre<fc?. ? v_Vv. , W. G.
I . > . ; "--V
t* Extract from FRANKHN'&Lifo aad Waitings.
J? ; ff tirae-he" off aUlj^^ iho most pre^
as lie elsewheretfells ufc, ^fetthne i* ijerer
fSuncf again -; and what we call time enough
^ always proves B^3frenoughlefcys then up
j" and doing, a??r doing to th? purpose; so
'by jdilrgence shall we 4? #iore w ith less-ger.
- ^loxhy^c^^ldth makes all. things difficult,
5 but industry all easy ; "and bo that riseth
^ iate, rausftrof all day, and shall scarce overTr
take his business at night"; "fyhile laziness
u travels jso ?owly,,that poverty soon.o?ertate
hiio. EJnve thy business, let i ul that
r drive thee; end- earty ioJ>ed, and earfy to
ri^ . ma^es a man healthy, wealthy, and.
n' wise,'^as jfoor Richard soys. v '
' So what signifies, wishing and hoping
l(i- for better times 1 We may make these times
better/ if we bestir ourselves^ "Industry
need not wish, and he that fives upon hope
K win die fasting. There are no gains Vifote
out pafcs; then help hands, for I-have no
ie -lands," or, if,I have, they are smartly ta^ed.
> He, that hath a'trade, hath an estate, j and,
-- he that hath a calling, hath an office of proh
fit and JfioOT,'' as poor Richard says j but * j
s then the trade must be worked at, and the
d 'caDthg weih followed* or neither the estate
.r m*-_ mi _ *j -jil j': .
v nor ine-omce win ename tt? m payou^ iax.
' es. If we are industrious^*? swill never *
0 starve ; fcru M a^tbe working main's house,
f. hungerlodes m, but dares not enter.H Nor
>t wiH the bailiff or the coo stable enter, for
n 44 industry pays debts, while despair increas.
. eth them." What though yoa bare found
>f no treasure, nor has any nch relation left
4 you a legacy, ** diligence is die mother of
u good luck, and 'God gives dl things to k.
; dustry. Then plow deep, while slugga. d$
n sleep, and you shall haveoom to sell as well
it as. to keep." Work wfcRe it is called to.
? day, (or you know not how much you may
o be hindered to-ropnow. "Que tcwiay is
s

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