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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, February 23, 1836, Image 2

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>4ft4&\vecn them is impossible; No ?
ran overcome the difflcidty. i
^?rc&?us2? resisting lie too deep in the prin* i
eijNes of^ur nature -to be surmoimted. But,
^sRrbttt /iich equality to change the present
I cjjB'Jitipii of tb^ Africar* ftofe, were it possk
^ bky would be but fo change the for^ G(,
Savory. It would make them tho 'slavqj of
I t wi coint 11 unity, instead of the ^.nve^of indu
vulu-ds, with less responsibility and interest1
i i t-icir welfare on the part,of ^ne community
t^ou i s (oh by thcyr pres'^f masters; while
it would destroy the security and indepen.
d >dce of the European rape, if the African !
i*b>'iUL be permitted to continue in their
o.utngod condition jvithiu the limits of those
nr/Miti lnrvlf tn llto ntllpr Ststos
*5* & ?J^ V ?? VJIU ?VVI% VV? ? v? tv? Xtfwivww
: >r support and protection,and would become
virtual*, their uliios and dependents; and
wotrfJ thus place in those States the most
ot&ctual instrument to destroy the influence
:?~d control the destiny of the rest of the
U i>n. . * (
h is r.gainst this relation between t^;
V i\V rti r -s that tite blind nnd criminal ^pa'
i t hie Ab jlhiouists is directed?a relation
tvjLi v preserve in quiet and- security*u
? 5,590,000 of human lyings, und
c iu-'iot be destroyed witlrout dcslroyr
tg l ie peace, and prosperity of nearly half
. i 3* ;7v-s of the Union, tuid involving their
c;n:r-: population in a deadly Conflict* that
t -nolo ate.-either in tiie expulsion or
^ rv.rpar ni oi those who are the object of
l . itV-a'drl and false humanity of those
v. : . i. Si. j *o he tiioir friends.
4 :::. ist b j blind indeed, who docs not
j . r ?iv l. i'i! ; iio subversion of a relation
? ?i muiwruust. Ua followed with such disasoi.sequences,
can only be effected by
convulsions that would devastate the country,
burst asunder the bonds .of the Union,
and ingelf, in a sea of blood, the institutions
of the country. It is madness to sQpposo
- of co an try, the sense of wrong,. hatred of
<>ppr3ssars, and faithless confederates,- apd
finally, despair, woakt unp^ thera i^ ?t]ie
most daring and desperate resistance hi do.
fence of property, family, country, liberty,
'" ?> But wtekcd.anl crual as is the end cammed
at, it is fully ^quailed by* tfeeripnrialby
uftiie means by which it is proposed 4o be
acconiplis'.ieJ. Thes j, as has b-en stated,
consist in organized societies and a powerfd
press, directed mainly with a view to
excite the bitterest animosity and haloed iof
ibcfpcopbof tite non^lavebolding.B'dtes
n?-unst tlie citltens and -.?f liw?
^Javebolding States. It is easy to ?oo ItaJ
what disastrous results such, means niuf
teud* Passing over the snore obyioutiF
\fccts,thcir tendency to excite to -fifeMFV J
'tk>n nod servile wTirwUh&Hits heror^y1 , A
the necessity which such tendency
to the great injury of the
- -vThe iuevitable toc^acy Jmh? meups -to
which the abolitionists -jwjpesorted to cf.
to their object, musty mJ&sted hi? end ?n J
comjilct 'ly alienating d?hvo ST0** sections
hundreds ofsocjetkjJw^vastprinti^ estublishmeut,
riirowi?eut dailv thousandsof
Y tiiake, ia iimZj iMz&p impression on -the'
sectiou of the Xmpn where they freely qircu-1 i
late, and are dRily designed to have effect.
Tiie woHdnfiJBed and thoughtful mat hold
them in coMnpt, but the young, the igno- .
rant, and tjftghtless, will receive the poison.
In proqgpBf time, when the number of pro.
sJy te^p'sofficieritly multiplied, the artful
and miBigate, who rxe ever on tho watch
to s oh any means, however wicked and
djiagtroas, will unite with the fanatics and
rujke their movements the basis of a powerful
political party, that will seek advance-incut
by diffusing, as widely as posssible
hatred against the siavcholding States. But,
as fi&red-begets hatred, and auimosty, these
would become reciprocal, tin ovcrv
\esijgo of attachment would cease to cjdst
b;t\\^en the two sections, when thc-tJnicn
and thq Constitution, the offspring of mutual,
n.fvctipn and confidence, would forever perish.
is the danger to which the movq.
incuts of tl?e abolitionists expose the cotm.
t rv. If the force ofthe obligation is in pro.
portion u> the magnitude of the danger,
stronger cannot be imposed, than is at present,
on States within whose limits the
danger originates, to arrest itt> further progross-Ta
duty they owe, not only to the
whosr* institutions urn nss.iilod. htif
to the Union and Constitution, as has been
shown, aid, it may be added,.to themselves.
Tne ^ober,and considerate portions of citi.
zeas of the non-slavehokbng States, who
have a deep stake in the existing institutions
of the country, would have little forecast if )
5%' did not see t-hat the "assaults which are
now directed against the institutions oft he So,
Statei mw bo very easily directed agaiqst
those which uphold tkeiroBU property & security.
A very sliglu modification of. the ar*
;umoats used against the institutions which
sustain the property&securitj ofthoS. would
make them equally effectual agaiiist the in*
stitutions of the North, including banking,
in which sawastanjimouat of its property
and capital is invested. It would be wefl
far those interested to reflect whether there
iiv* or ever has .existed, a wealthy
an"J civilized community, in.which one .
j:CVuOa "osJ,ve on.# another; I
and WiVU>er.tbe to"m in which slavery ex.
itsiifihe &tutl>r is not one modification .
of this urn versal condition rant! finally, whe^
ther any others under all the jpirciirottstances
-- rik-i ia m/MU A*' ClU.lds fill
11 III ." V/U3.) JO IJIVtV UM^IWIUIvj vt .? ?? |
otroiigap ground of necessity fyis .time r
to leak these Questions in the face. Lot
those who are interested remember that Idbor
is the only source of wealth, and. how
sma'i a portion of it. in all old and civilized ?
countries, even the best governed, is left te J
those by whose labor weahh is created.
Let tn>n also reflect how little volition* or
agency the operatives in any country have,
in the option of its distribution"--?? 1'hlfj
frith a few exceptions, as the African of the
slaveholdiur States has in the distribution ol
the proceeds of his labor. Nor is it t ie
less Oppressive, tliat in the one case it is ef- j
footed, oy the stern and powerful will of the
Po comment, and in the other by tho more
feeble and flexible will-of a master. If one
be an evil, so is the other. The only differ.,
cnccsis the amount nnd mode of the cxa**
tion and distribution, and the agency by
which they are effected.
The following letter we cP}* from the ,
Alabami Journal where *IS published with,
out comment. Purt' 13 morc lihc fie.
tion than history ^ c know nothing of
the writer.
PHILLIPE, Dec. 18. 1835.
J*0 <ie Editor of the Alabama Journal:
As many of the citizens of Alabama
arc deeply interested in Texas lands and
anxious to be imformed of the true condition
of the country, I again write you on that
subject. My feelings altogctlicr disincline
me to appear in the newspapers, awl iiotb?
ing but a sense of duty to those who^ expect
to hear from me, could induce me rfc "
The war in Tews has, for the lime being
ceased, and Texas has gained one of the'
most splendid triumphs known in'-tbe history
of modern wariare. In my Ljst letter I
informed you of tie invasion of th^cToun'iy
by Gen. Coss, an J of of San Antonio
by the .\mcrican V'th*? scige. lq,ite3
about 70 days. San Anfenfr. ia one huz?
dred and thirty "yeftw old?Athc buildings are
chiefly of stone, the walls ^pf which ofeftw
and six tbet 11 lick, and,: boing built durin.' j
the reign of Spain, were intended both W
dwellings aud places cfdefence.' * The pp;
on t^four.sides
l*3?of the lwusa^-fert^holeai, forVS:
dierglo shoo! from, " In thornMe^* the
sgnare fesJtaatedfh church, a vc* ana*
stone buHding, y so elevated as i comttian4.ii
view- o?fle.ebantn', Ibr tw^v'miles
Voiwd. 'On/e toj>cf the ichufefi:'$eift
placed ^ mwl around ho church
byWnojf % ifcSiaf jn whatever way our
j^^^&'f^-SSjd the Afcino, wfa
strong stone walls, tlnd whfeh bad resisted
the repeated attempts of our cannon to bat.
let ^ent^'h- Ort the walte if this fort
pwccu ^yt^rav ^aunoiv nutmg- tne.
whole mtcfrmediate sp^e between our ajthp
pTthbto\magainstwhich dn?lttack'^Sd
tfone be thougfctV. To attempt taking the.
town by" storm, was tbought bxtrcmfclv hazWtJou^^ntt
with^scaling-fadders or any
storming such works?defoi^Tby a superior
force in numbers,was considered scarcely
possible: Thepolicy acted on was, conseqnently,
to.besiege and starve thcra out;
but, after seyentydavsM rial, that was fotind
impossible.?And, On the i.ijht' of the 5th
ihst.jit was determined to fttteropi the storm.;
Our whole force was four hundrjdand eighty
men, that of the enemy (ascertained since ,
their surreuder) tipwaids of fifteen hundred.
Oar camp being tibout a mile from ^the
town, and ofcas^ access from the Alamo,,
only one half Of the force could be used for.
the storm.t^Two hundred and.sixteeii men
Consequently Attacked three of . the stone
houses, oiiteidc of the nubl:e sonar#, arid
parried them, without the loss ol a, nun.
After possessing themselves of the foi^e*.
a most incessant cannonading commenced
from the ta\\^ and Alamo, with discharge
of musketry, which contiuued for twentyfour
hours. ' Our m?h, being-protected; experienced
a losa of only two killed ao&ilevea
woundedr-whi !e that,o'f ih05??l3ffy ttits
considerable. The prospect now, was indeed
gloomy .?-In front of our ipem were.
ting the public square-?and yhereveLthey
set their feetTthev were" exposed to grape
and musketry. They succeeded^ at length
in driving the.enemy from. (W three cannop
commanding the houses they occupied
?and as it was. impossible to scale: the
ditches apd breast-Vvorks, out* party commenced
picking hdlcsthro* tlie atone walls,
with crow-bars, and finally succeeded in
effecting ODe sufficiently JargeTor one mai
at a time to pass through \ln. this manner
they proceeded, .picking holes through the
various walls, as .they advanee'd, and driving
the eneinyfrom room to room, as they
proceeded.?And in this way they worked
and fought for five days, until they tiad driven
the enorOy from almost every house,
into their defences, around the church.
Up to this period, both partiesr liad boon
fighting under - the ' same flag; hut now
Gen. Uoss hoisted,a Waek flag, and attacked
oar parfrv wkh .the most desperate re?
solution. Prom six oVlock in the morning
till about eight, a'cloek the next moirning,
there was scarce, an intermission in thp
roar of cannon and musketry; and the towh
during the night, presented one broad sheet
of flame, from the firing. Our j>arty, however,
continued to press forwifcrd, and" finally
drove them from the churpb, ?nd every
quarter, of the town?making thern retreat
precipitately to the Alamo, across the river
. .
Dating f their retreat across the river,
they hoisted A whjje flug,<ahd also oay from
the Alamo, and the firing ceased.
The surrender was soon agreed upoa.^
The Mexicans deliver up tbetr arms and all
the public property?are to leave within eft:
dnVs. nrrd rf^e/to fight ngam^fi^.r,cr the
Constitution of 1824, again..
The number of Mexican^ that slirrcadej* .
ed was eleven hundred iand twenty.tfrc^?' throe
hundred havingjieserted, the TOOHMUj
of the surrender. JXbout seven hundred
4^muskets, thirty-two pieces of canno"?
and a ]arge 6upply of cannon-powder
?nd ball.
Itis impossible^ say how fnany Myxicans
wertrdrilied during the battle, ft fs
supposed/however, that the number must
hawibcen near two hundred, with nianV
wounded. Our lpS$ was four killed?which
makes out loss, duriiigilie war, five Wiled'
?some few w'cre w ounded; but none-' clangerously.
The "extraordinary success attendingoitr
arms, MTords a subject of the most serious
reflections It. has struck our own rtrmy
i.n'th nii^iand sincethulukintr of^hbfown,
and viewingtl^ (Jn'iostjjurtrC^rid^Ie' fortress
of the cnemV Vou will hea? in the various
groups, but one sentiment expressed?# The
Alrhighty alone could Jnvc sfcveil Us,
Not only in the storm of the towtf
in nil our battles, the .same remarkably
nrestrj-atlon and succoss, hare, attended
our ma?.
On the" 28th OctoVer^ib^diundiodvMcff:.
t\i o fiOurs, \Ve^^feated, WTth- alos^of 07
killed,* niapr>Vounded,*imd the loss of one
piece ofp^llcry;?obr loss ttas bite killed,
bb4 h&& wounded.
p Oyme 20tli ofNovernier tve ha4 atiothor
ttjj^gement, in which *1 participated. Our
^8 men, while the encmr were about 300
stroqg, assisted by a piebe ofartiltery.' -We
routed tHem, of'tef a battle of about 30
minutes, with a loss on their part, of 41 filled
and tnany Wounded,-and all their padc*nuk5s.
.Ournarrv sustains! no loss. The
i^nv'l^c in n ditch fifid Out party charged
and routed thpm from it; The grapeahot
and musTcet-balfcT&R like ha'c among
us, and without hitting. And I roVself ask,
who,4rat the Almighty, in i^l thcsS engage-"
meats, eoukh have tHus'pieserved us?
A Maxican soldier is not now in theprovTexas?arid
we have demonstrated
lor the Makicjjhs that wc are manb^han tbeir
match, When ibey are fivevto one. AVe
have established in the pcofrte df Texas,
confidence that. they are 'able to maintain
themselves, againstthc usurpations of Mexico,
And I new have no doubt that we will
go on" ead prosper: and that Texas will, ere
te/becoine-oneof^c richest and most
flourfeKin^prtiohs of the globe..
Whether or not Santo Anna, will norcjet,
us alohs is, ofcouw, dojfttfuf. The.peo^
ofYe^as Jiaye but ijjo frojn 65ft..
The}' foe! satisfied that, come when he wi!L
defoat will be his portron. Oar friends of
the United States, are. gallantly stepping
forward to our nssi'stanc. About four
bundled have already arrived?and wehtRc
assurances from vorious ^uartof's of the
south .and west, that ten thousand men ^wiii
be iparched to our assistance, if we require
' V> A ~ ?
Since the surrender. Gen. Cos has remarked,
* that ho w3s mistaken in thfe people
ofTexas?he thought he was fighting
tneo, Dutne iouaa no was contending w>m
many, no doubt, will consider it cc.tv.
aggertitcd?and yet it is but a plain state,
meat of the facts as they exist., Although
an actor m a part of the campaign myself,
so extraordinary and so brilliant has wen
to doubt the reality.
We have hot adduced in oop- organzatiop
so rapidly n^I was induced to believe
wo shoi U, and as l wrote4 we would in my
other letter. The convention has established
as yet, only a provisional- govermeot} but
delegates to a new Convention jo bo
elected to meet on the 1st bfJfrareb. What
kind of Geverment will be established will
measurably depend on the
Commissioners, sent to the tfnitecL States.
be^sposerito rocei Vo us^rttothe\Joio^jcw
cteim to be a sovereign end indepedcnt na.
lion, -by the change of the Mexican -Goymor.t^and
ftppiy to h^me iUtoohed to1
organize a goverrocnt of such Se&rifoQtl
fcsahemajrthink best oalcu^atedlopromottT
her prosperity-T^avihg - for iter fuodd th*
ihrroof^goveHnem, oflhfe
tinue to be ttie encouraging ofenumitibli,
anhas&o to*. Texds. t>iiHhg ihe mI^
eorta time the land offices will .be in ntor.
aticta nfcd emigrants will for the fut^fe^v^
no "difficulty in obtaining iramedttffcjHles.
fo their lands. , ;
Such is Texas
watercd'brthe Missmippijiuthe last thirty^
years, tad if you are struck Vith wonder in
thewointerofthose who teif\^ar$heoce
shalllook hack to the rise .and progressof
this county. '*
t<5 the West-; and ^wittonlystop ^vd|g|i the
waves ofthe PAcifie shall give them bounds.
Respcctfultv, &ct ^
From the Texas Telegraph of Jan. 9.
We-are happy to leam that a new armed
vessel has arrived on the coast to enter into
the service of Texas. She is said to bo a
very fine, fast sailing vessel, of 120 torn
burthen, and .mounting six guns,2 eighteen
and 4 nine pounders. She -has oh& on
board, "1000 stand of rauskets, ahd.prori.
sions for ft fottr months' cruise. She ieat
this time, a very important acquj^n to
our catjsei its she wfll protect oar commerce,
and "at the same time carry on <k warfare
against the mmfoture navy of Mexico,
flp U :01 *^P *
-Ms-" _i,
Folt?ie*< l_y\ i
Chamber of Deputies?Royal Sitting., fi
Opening of the Session of the Chambers, ti
At 1 o'xJock thtf Kiog left the Tuillyries ?
iifacTo.se ccrrriagr.accoinpanicd by the Duke J
dc Nemours and the Prince de Joinville, to t
proceed to the Chamber of Deputies. The >
carriage was escorted by xt detachment'of i
tfec" cavalry of the National Guard, and fol- j
lowod by soveral other Royal carriages J
containing the officers, of Jhe household.? ,
The cortege proceeded by the quays of the <
Tuilterics; the bridge of La Concorde, and 1
the Rue de.Bo'rgogne. The arrangements, ]
in the interior of the Palais, Bourbon were ,
die-same ason former occasions. Ttirec \
! seafswere pfecfcd near the tiuipfib for the | j
Duko of Organs, the Duke deN colours, J
and the Paired de Joinville, and arollery. in front
was prepared for fhe Qucert Mid the -*
test of the Royal family. The King wore 1
'tfyi uniform of the National Gu^rd. The .
Alke de Nemours was seated on his right,
foe/Prince dc Joiux-illc on his left; the seat
of the Duke of Orleans remained unoceu- ,
paid. The Ministers, the Marshal!*, and a
d^utation.pPthe Council of Stote took the.*
sdmbly rosVanTthe hall resoundcid for sev- :
ernJ minutes with shouts of ? Viw fe.K^
to the Peers and to rae Deputies, sfiiti, rates;sieurs,
asseyezwous." Ifc then delivered
in h firm Vo|cc tlie folio whig speech:
^ Gehtlenien of the Chambers of Peers
Mid DepUtr^^?In seeing you orico more assembled
around me, I am happy to be able
internal tranquilL'tv
to^bo lieniccforth bevond the reach of attack,
atkleeanrqsitafoWer abroad. '
ifhicb weJ>Voposbd ,m concSi w&?hac1i
others the? have coosnlidakxl public order
and the institutidik of iho county',
k "lliavp bex&tfeediy affected b^the sentiments
evinced by the nation for my family
and myself when* a rrtQinent whicti it is^
pain fiii to remember, ^ronderid^rtjoty&t
I te prtserve rriy bib, wfiicb is forevSr^oRkl
to'J^perviceV my country.
<^ed on a clpse in such a
banner as became the honor of France. I
tfie ^whjf my
"fhave 'rwsoo to congretuiatmrovself
ort the stole of our rekttons with tte Euro.
{Scan poattrs Our intimate union with
Great Br.tam becomes dadv rftore close, and
everything inspires me with conffi|eiice;th^
thfe^cc^rhiehn we enjoy w2! notj%jnter.
T Government has continued; on tlie
Snanlsh frontier. to take such measures as
the trcatyx)f4th Jt&y'91^3 !
trifcfr the UmtdcfStates 6t'Amcrica,; stould
not yet h&te recdved.ifs conli^ete execution.
The-* King of Great Britain has of. :
fered to imo and to the United States
friendly. mediation/ I have accepted it;
you ^war share in ng desire- that Ihfe
diffcrcoae should terminate in a maanetequaltv
honorable to t?ro groat nations."
''the state of the finance is satisfactory.
? "f '
o^taTcSmte'of ftW(?a)S
tvhich have already been opnounced,
or, presented to you, wilf <fca>
y ivseifw #y<, i^iy..uyiiu?ta> w
!l0^T uiS SE'Aat tT.e ^fflem'is
ec^^for f^it^of her
pr^jts tc> rjct ry
of Justice, after rcceiviqg the commaafa off
tk* Kag, read tbe fomyof the and
the pres?nt,sc?sion, lo answert iipon their
names being palled Gverrby: the words "I
swear.", ,
*??T',#t' nooD'^ of:
* -"Ij. **1 ^v" ^ V ^ V /-' w -j
' Th^following Ibepart uf tfjo answer of.hp j
Cha/nbor of Peer* to that part King's Bpoech i
which relates to the difficulty with the United ,
>7*# Toor. !\? ajasty has accepted the amicable
mediation proffered by the King of Great Britain,
relative to the difficulties Which impede the execution
of the treaty with the United States of 1
America. Your Mateatvhas alrcady manifested *'
the oprightnets of your policy, and yon have ex.
pressed your desire to see these diffbroacaa {
brought .to a close in a manner consistent with
the honor of two great nations. An important
doenmaat recently published induces a hope that '
thitdearOill bo speedily gratified.? J
pije comments of tho Paris Journals upon the J
Pr trident's message areof a jr^er*-* character 11
-? - - i ii* i ni*i * in i i>>in ' H"i "n tiiSiiii i ili^M
'be following is front the Journal des Debats,
OOWn to'be in the cou.fiJ >nco of the ministry.
0" It is true that Gonerai Jackson absolutely rcjspa
to make under a certain form, the rcparo^
ion demanded by thp French Govt-.-mnent, alfcg.
ag it to be his conviction that such reparation
t o ilJ bo iheonehiCMcwIth the American Cdustiution,
and with -the independence and gomrnwent
of tho People of 'America. 7- $at it has not
tppoarod thot the French Government had evon
jointed out tho particular form of reporatlbivand
it all events, it is of little consequence. Tho
naierial object is, that a reparation ahouldbe
ua.de; that it be appropriate and explicit^ Now
I appears to us that this explicit, appropriate, apd
inaeniable reparation is contained in tkeskbstagi
ohiek has just leen received."
A war between .Franco and America would
>e Ijie height of folly. Wore such an event to
take place, all Europe could not indalre i a sufficient
laughter. It would indeed bo a subject of
pair to all true lovers of freedom' (Jlae message
can suffico to repair tlie injury done by a previous*
one. The pride of France should be directed to
another quarter." Ac.
A-A'-v -TV - X *y?
London, 28th -Dec.
broach between the two copntries ^voirtd be
pers of all* shades of paiiy^ which oh this
was t(| be ^xpectcd ^01^
be^^he ^
hvetny aoHar8
where offered, and convertible itito gold or
silver, upon tbespot, a! the will of the holder,
awl wrthottf.dbiflyorloaaWbauSsh'^m
h TheSenate tto^res&ri^
tfonof-lfr. Beaton's-resolutions ptOpoamg
toitppiropriatc ^^urafo* woduo fcr fatiRcalioasn&cs
Mr. Brown- resumed, arid-coodudod hi*
observations./ - ,
4 Mr. Prcstoir, after some remarks by way
sf introduction, moved to amend the .first
resolution by striking out all tifter tlie word
Resolved," and inserting ijs foHcri?*:
M Thatsoch appropriations as may-be necessary
for the purpose ought to tic made,
to cany: on the system of general defence
H&d permanent prot?^ion of ,tWcountr\ ."
beard on the subject, but nos * lift prepared I
to ppc-;k to-day* I
% ? .
Mr. Preston moved to postpone the further
consideration of the subject until Moilday.
Ayes 19, Noes 20.
The subject was then postponed until tomorrow.
Mr. Clay said the committee on Fpreign
Relations were desirous to ascertain the genfineness
of the letter of the Duke de Brog.
lie to M. Psgeot; and he had addressed a
htor to the S^cFlary of State, which, with
tKe reply, he desiisxl to lay on the tableland*
fieoved-thp printings
noirsEofBEftf*sSfAttve& .
- ^ ~ r Wednesday, Feb. 10th.
rgMr. Robertson, fromthe cosnnittee on .
reported a 1h!I (of**wfiefof
Thomas Copper. Read t\vic?, atod cocaniu
Jbe Hou$i^a fiict which, it appears, had
g W. JJJL %fl * .&% - '* % v ?r ?y r Aikltv f* fl
d^^penmiyvisucuwna^^wa, usiuv
eritfe ^mcom^bait^ThHTptSto". ; ]
sha with ;ho theory of our constitution, and ' I
with the practice under it?the ground ta- d
ken by the President m regard to it?the iai.
possibility of his departing from that ground
?and his consequent inability to subject a
point so essential to the independence and 5
,honor of his country, to the control of any '
foreign power (however great might be his d
commence in Its justice or itupeiniaiiiy; ur
to do or consent to any act by which the g
the influence of this principle, in die action
of our political system, can be obstructed or *
impaired, are as we understand, fully stated ^
by the Secretary of State; With this avow,
al of the President's sentiments on this point,
and an explicit reservation of it, the offer of i
mediation is expressed, that the good offi- fig
cos of a third party, guided by the elevated
I considerations which have prompted its in. Al
' tornosition, may he success?-*! in restoring jH

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