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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, March 01, 1836, Image 1

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( II Eft A W GAZE T T E. - -~k i
?a*"*"1??wn??JIU. ,l?.J. H1IWIW.III i?c??
' TOL. I. MOf^v I
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I t
I s
From the. Elements of Physic, by Dr. Arnoti. ; ^
u The most common cause of stuttering," ,
says Dr. A. " is not, as has been almost universally
believed, where the individual has a ?
difficulty in respect to some particular letter b
cr articulation, by the disobedience of the h
parts of the mouth which should form it to ;
the will or power of association, but where .
1 he spasmodic interruption occurs altogether j
behind or beyond the mouth, viz. in the j a
glottis, so as to a fleet all the articulations j a
equally. To a person ignorant of anatomy, fj
and therefore knowing not what or where ;
the glottis is, it may be sufficient cxplana- ;
tion to say, that it is the slit or narrow open- < 11
ing at the top of the windpipe, by which 1 h
the air parses to and from the lungs, being '< ft
situated just behind the root of the tongue. sj
It is that which is felt to close suddenly in j
hiccup, arresting the ingress of air, and that;
which closes to prevent the caress of air j "
from the chest of a person lifting a heavy |
weight, or making any straining exertion: j e<
it is that also, by the repeated shutting of ]?
which a person divides tlie sound in ])ro- ;
nouucing several times, in distinct and rapid
succession, any vowel, as o, o, o, o. Now j
the glottis during common speech need ncv- 1
cr be closed, and a stutterer is instantly cu- 1
red, if by having his attention properly directed
to it, he can keep it open. Had the *
edges or thin lips of the glottis been visible,
like the external lips of the mouth, the na- u
turc of stuttering would not so long have c]
remained a mystery, and the effort necessary
to the cure would have forced itself upon t{,
the attention of the most careless observer: !
but because hidden, and professional men (jj
^ had not detected in how far they were con- 1 u,
corned, and the patient himself had only a ; tjj
vq?uc feeling of some difficulty, whicli, af- | 0j
tor straining, grimace, ges!i :ulation, and (0
sometimes almost general convulsion of the I p,
bodv, gave way, the uncertainty with respect I j,
to the subject has remained. Even many u
persons who by attention and much labor rc
had overcome the defect in themselves, as j g,
Demosthenes did, have not been able to de- e,
r?thnr<; t!ie nature of their efforts,! u,
4 *yv iv -
?;o as to insure imitation : and the author 0j
donbts much whether the quacks who have S(
succeeded in relieving many cases, but in 0I
man^lso have failed, or have given only a
temporary relief, really understood what a
precise end in the action of the organs their [j,
imperfect directions were accomplishing. 1?a
"Now a stutterer, understanding of anat- sj
omy only what is stated above, will com- ; ,J(
prehend what he is to aim at, by being far- j
t her told, that when any sound is continuing,,
as when he is humming a single note or a
i '
tune, the glottis is necessarily open, and t si
therefore, that when he chooses to begin h
pronouncing or droning any simple sound ( s'
as tltc c of the English word berry, (to do 1 c
which at once no stutterer lias difficulty.) j r<
lie thereby opens the glottis, and renders the ; o
pronunciation of any other sound easy. If' s
then, in speaking or reading, lie joins his
words togetfier, nearly as a person joins
them in singing, (and this may be done with- ! j
out its being at all noted as a peculiarity of e
speech, for many persons do it in their ordi- p
nary conversation,) the voice never stops, ?
the glottcr neves closes,and there is of course n
110 stutter, l^he author has given this les- j v
son, with an example, to a person, who be-' a
lore would Jiave required Jialf an hour to j v
read a page, but who afterwards read it al- j ]
most as smoothly ns it was possible for any j p
one to do; and who then, 011 transferring ! s
the lesson to the speech, by continued prac- p
ticc and attention, obtained the same facility q
with respect to it. There are many per- j{
sons not accounted peculiar in their speech, I;
who, in seeking words to express themselves, a
often rest between them 011 the simple sound ! t
of e mentioned above, saying, for instance,
hesitatingly, "I c think c you ^
may,"?the sound never ceasing until the j
end of the sentence, however long the per- j
? tn nronounce it. Now a
4 OVAI ItlllJ 1 v v j - ?
stutterer, who, to open bis glottis at the be- j
- ginning of a phrase, or to open it in the mid*
die after any interruption, uses such a sound,
[ would not even at first be more remarkable
than a drawling speaker, and he would only
require to drawl for a little while, until practice
facilitated his command of the other j
, sounds. Although producing the simple
sound which we call the c of berry, or of
the French word fete, is a means of opening
the glottis, which by stutterers is found
very generally to answer, there are many !
cases in which other means are more suita. i
f hie, as the intelligent preceptor soon discovers.
Were it possible to divide the nerves
of the muscles which close the glottis, with'
/ out at the same time destroying the faculty
of producing voice, such an operation would
be the most immediate and certain cure of j
I stuttering; and the loss of the faculty of
closing the glottis would be of no moment.
" The view given above of the nature of
stuttering and its cure, explains the following j
I facts, which to many persons have hitherto l
^ appeared extraordinary. Stutters often '
can sing well. aud without the least interruption?for
th<r tune being continued, the
glottis does not close. Many stutterers also
can read poetry well, or any declamatory
composition, in which the iiniiitcrurptcd
tone is almost as remarkable as in singing.
The cause of stuttering being so simple as
above described, one rule given and explain- i
ed may, in certain cases, instantly cure the '
iefcct, however aggravated, as has been oh-!
;crved in not a few instances: and this cx- j
>kiiiis also why an ignorant pretender may !
occasionally succeed in curing, by giving !
he rule of which lie knows not the reason, i
md which he cannot modify to the peculiar-;
tics of other cases.
Stuttering is a mere hulk, win'J; any man
?f the least firmness of purpose can entire- j
v overcome in a short time. We we re I
' t
>nce engage 1 in the occupation of school- j
caching, and happening to have two or three
{utteringpupils, we so far broke up their'
iabit of stuttering that they could road a- i
>ud, and declaim in the presence of the
chool with little or no impediment or em-;
arrassmcn'. We did it by frequently tak-;'
]g them to a separate room, and making
icin rend aloud to us. In doing which ,
icy were required to speak very slowly,
nd always with the muscles of the throat <
nd nccl: and abdomen relaxed. "Whenever
icy experienced the least dilliculty in sneak- j
lg they were ad vised to stop, relax the above .
luscles and again commence slowly. We <
avc no doubt that this simple rule, if faith- 1
illy observed, would eventually cure any j
ammercr. ,
One of the pupils referred to we saw a ,
sw years afterwards. His habit of stam-! l
' - - i 4
lering had, from mere carelessness, retumJ.
The others we have neither seen nor
card from. Editor.
ni fortuity nccrssary iu the govcrnmcut
of Children.
rom Hall's Lectures on the education of children.
Parents arc under obligations to cultivate
niformity in their course of treatment of
tiildrcn. *
If the father or mother is rigid at one j
me, and lax at another?if they condemn .
i-day what was permitted yesterday?if J
icy punish for a fault to-day, which passed
(inoticcd oil a former occasion, Iiow can
icy receive the affections or confidence
children. Parents cannot bo too solicits
to be uniform, in their requisitions and
ohibitions. Uniform censure, wheu chilrcn
do wrong, and uniform approbation :
hen tjiey do right, are certainly dictated by
?ason and common sense. But without
reat carc, it will be impossible to preserve
itire equanimity of feeling, or pursue an "
,i varying course of conduct. The state .
* - - ? ^ / i j
f the health and How oi animal spirns arc ,
) subject to change, that the 3pmc object
ii different days, is contemplated through '
different medium. It is very easy to guide i
ship while wiud and tide are favorable,?
Lit in the storm, and the tempest, to main- (
lin the same course, requires experience, ]
till, and great firmness. Still, this is more j
L'ccssary now, than when
All calm the sky, tho ocean sleeps. j
"Unvarying and inflexible consistency i
iiould be exhibted by all whom Providence ]
as placed at the head of a household. They <
bould not only he excellent, but consistently i
xccllent. An unbroken uniformity should i
iign over the whole character. Nothing 1
ontradictory, inexplicable, or irreconcileable i
hould ever be seen.'** <
In order to exhibit tin's consistent excel- r.nrnnta
miict nmClicO Seif-nOVCfllTn^llt. 1
x ? ?
low can one govern others who cannot govrn
himself ? To all persons entrusted with 1
ower. self-government is valuable; and I '
nay add, indispensable to a right perfor- ]
nance of duty. Those who witness the 1
.'hole tenor of our conduct, submit to our 1
uthority with more reluctance, than those '
.'ho are less conversant with our infirmities.
Icnce, as parents arc almost constantly cxloscd
to the observation of their children,
elf-government is of inoic importance to
hem, than to the instructor, who is less lrcucntiy
iu the presence of his pupils. To
iic instructor, it is on some account more
iccessarv, than to the magistrate, lint to
.11 it is essential, in order to exercise authoriy
judiciously and successfully.
Self-government in parents must be universal
in regard to its objects. It is manii.?ti
ilrrn iMtrcolf in
OSUV I\ji me n; JIIUUI?VS iuicvk ... |
hings, which I condemn in others.
Does the parent or teacher labor to conrincc
those, who are placed under his care,
hat anger is sinful, he is under high obligu
* *v
ions to restrain his own passions. Does
ic tell them that industry is a moral duty,?
ic must not love sloth and idleness himself.
Docs he admonish his children that slander
s highly criminal?lie must avoid both "inconsiderate
and malicious slander" himself.
Self-command must extend to thoughts as
veil as to the actions. Let there bo ever
;o much cfTort on the part of parents to cxiibk
tho appearance of self-government while
jefore their households, if they do not really
iracticc it, the deception will be apparent,
[t is impossible to dissimilate so successfully
is to prevent detection* Th? effect of this
will be worse, than if dissimulation had not
been attempted, as it }vi!l show an evident
disposition in the parcut<o wish for tnat indulgence,
which he refuses to the child.
Those, therefore, who do not strive to govern j
themselves as strictly, as tiny govern their |
children, are guilty of ah important error: j
and cannot be viewed as pursuing a judicious j
course in training up the children which God i gi
lias given them,
i'an'iits should cultivate a spirit of patience.
By this I mean a disposition to proceed in si
their labors for tbc welfare of their children, si
as assiduously in the midst of difficulties, as m
when none oppose them, and as constantly sij
when unsuccessful, as when their efforts arc al
crowned with a favorable termination : that fu
the obliquity of children should not discom- aj
pose them, or cause them to think their labor m
too difficult to be accomplished. ar
la order to exercise a proper degree of sp
patience,the parent must contemplate before- lii
hand, the nature of his duties, and the difficulties
in the way of their performance. in
One must be possessed of 110 common bo
energy, to meet and overcome unexpected
difficulties, without being moved by them, tci
or showing impatience under them. But all
most persons can encounter perplexity and cs
care, when anticipated, and the miud is nerv- of
1 1 ? I I i* ! /%? 1 .
cu to cuuure mem. n airncuiues occur jc
where none were anticipated, they often ap- fi t
pear more formidable than they "really are, m
and by the pbrturbation they produce, we cn
are frequently embarrassed in the discharge wi
of our appropriate duties. gr
" Instruction," says Dr. Dwig]it, "must be of
communicated to children, with the most un- m:
wearied patience. Christ in this, and many of
other respects, has left us a pcrlect example.
Although his disciples were dull of hearing, up
and slow of heart to believe; although they by
liad many, and those often very unreason- ah
able prejudices, his patience was never less- CI
mcd. 11c taught them also without weari- tlx
icss, without frctfulncss, without reproaches tci
and without intermission. At times, indeed, re;
ac reproved them, and with some degree of cit
severity; but always with tenderness and tin
jood will. In this manner should parents
each their children; should be patient with an
:hcir ignorance, their backwardness to re- the
/% 1
iicivc instruction ; their mistakes; thctr for- sul
ptfulness; the necessity of teaching them va
again, and again, and the doubts and difli- soi
rallies they from time to time suggest. In en
ill these, parents should manifest not only
juiciness of mind but cheerfulness,& willing- >u<
less to repeat instructions. Impatience dis- wl
jualifies parents and all wlio have the care
)f children, for the faithful discharge of duty,
'iitiencc, on the other hand is an essential
equisite, and should be cultivated by ever}* Er
larent, with great care." wii
In connexion with tlic exercise of patience, rci
would urge parents to be persevering, up
\iticnt perseverance is in no instance more cai
equisite, than in those, 011 whom it devohes ui<
To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind. P?
If children were possessed of holy hearts
?tl>n Am'le r\C i(ninmnnn fink* wnro tn 1?n U'e
" ' *"'1" V" W.-V .. _
ivcrcomc; if they always inclined to do ? J
ight, when they once know what is right; ^
he work of instruction would be easy, and *
here woul 1 be little occasion to urge on paents
the claims of perseverance. But it is ?vc
lot so. Children " arc conceived in sin and' ,nc
jhapen in iniquity." As soon as one fault
s corrected, others will require attention.
fVhcn one habit is formed, others also must ?
)2 cultivat.d. It will often require the ut- [<n
nost perseverance to cherish virtuous prodensities,
and eradicate those wliich are evil. s
[fa parent enters on a judicious course of un
lisciplinc, it should be prosecuted with un- .
iring constancy. If you attempt to correct 0 1
i fault, and then yield to the obstinacy of
he child, you will injure him more than if l!
10 attempt is made to secure his rcforma. J*
ion. Efforts to form a necessary habit, if r<
ibandoncd, will do hurt, ratlior than good. 0
Every parent is under obligation both to his 0(
children and himself, to yield to no discourigcment,
in training them up, in the nurture .
md admonition of the Lord. Rut if a dcorminnfion
to ncrsevere is not formed and
steadily adhered to, the discouragements he as
encounters will deter him from further efforts.
Do you require a child to comply with a
reasonable requisition ? then let nothing pre- J
rent your being obeyed. This rule should be 1
maintained as well when the command is ,
trifling as when it is important. As much
in little things as in great ones. If a child cc
is prohibited some indulgence, no importunity
of his should induce you to revoke your
decision, unless you become satisfied that
your original determination was clearly ot
wrong. If you were deceived, and formed r'1
a wrong opinion, frankly acknowledge it. P
This may justify a change in your order. c!l]
U * * lit
From the Southern Agriculturist.
Plau for an Agricultural Society. ^
Mavlcnton, Newberry District, S. C. n
January 23, 183G.
Mr Editor,?In your periodical for this
month, I read an article on the establishment
of Agricultural Societies, and with hut a
^li<rht exception, I entirely concur, in the R?
Others exclusively to corn and all small
*ain, &c.
Others to rearing of each kind of stock.,
Each member to pay anually into Treairy
two dollars, which will accumulate?
ilHciency to award any member making
ost corn, cotton, small grain, &c. tofi
ngle acre, a considerable premium, and
so for the average crop. Also, for the
lest one and three year's old blooded colts
prcn.i uu, as well as common blooded colts,
ule colts, and nil other stock. Awards
c adjudged by the Committees and re actively
presented at their annual rnecjgs
for their exhibitions.
Tiiis systematic arrangement has resulted
the wiser culture of our lands, and in the
Iter regulation of our slaves.
We contemplate, however, a farther ex
ision of usefulness; in which, also, i hope
your intelligent readers will feel interte?J.
After we have organized a number
these Societies and conformed them to a
gular and systematic plan, we will send
jin each society annually, delegates to
cet in Columbia, about tho first of Sepnber,
the earliest time that we can report
th certainty on the prospect of our annual
owing crop. Somo ol the couscquences
this meeting, as to its efleet upon our
arkcts, are referred to in the contribution
' A Reader" alluded to.
Finally, would it not be advisable to call
>011 the Legislature, not only as suggested
the Society Committee for Learning,but
so that it blend with the Professorship of
icmistryand Geology, also Agriculture in
2 South-Carolina College. -This would
id not only to dcvclopc immediate good
suits with their present plan, but would climore
talent and better material for conued
As the project, however, is in its infancy,
d rendered peculiarly discouraging from
j general inactivity of our planters on the
bjcct, you have the means through your
luablo paper, either to mature or devise
me alteration more conducive to the genii
I have mado these remarks in a hasty
lmnnt. if noressarv. I will write a train,
icn more at leisure. I. B. I).
rsexcii ;.iode of fattening cattle.
In some parts oi J7ranee, according to an
lglish writer on Agriculture, they fatten
tli maze, [Indian corn,] "but in order to
idcr it tender, they pour boiling hot water
on it, cover it Up close, and give to the
ttle the same day, and in this way it is a
>st excllent fattener, both of cattle and
ultrv. But in order to make them fatten
oner and better, they give them every
jht, and sometimes of a morning, a ball
pork grease as large as an apple; they say
sis both physic and food and makes
;m thrive the better.
"The fact of hog's grease being given,
is confirmed at Souilliac; it is given to
nnfl <incmw3 woll.
reuse uie unu wmi>V>V - ?,
i beasts perfecly devour their food after
and their coats become smooth and
ining. The most fattening food they
o\v for a bullock, is walnut oil cake. All
re give salt plentifully, both to cattle and
eep. And this practice is more or less,
iversal through the whole kingdom.
"In Flanders, from Valenciennes to Cries,
for fattening boasts, and for cows,
}y dissolve linseed cake in hot water, and
? animal drinks, not cats it, having various
icrfood given at the same time, as hay,
an, &c.; for there is no point they adhere
more than always to give a variety of
)d to a fattening beast."
Potato Bhead.?The manner of making
a bread is simple and easy: boil good poocs,
pro;>erly drain off the water as soon
they have boiled sufficiently, let them rciin
in the warm kettle to dry, take off the
in. put them into a mortar and pound the
}al tine, to which add a little fine salt,
cvious to putting in the yeast to raise the
E?ad, mix the potato meal thoroughly with
3 Hour, afterwards pursue tiie usual pross
of making bread from flour.
Western Farmer.
Roasted ArrLES.?The following mode
roasting apples will make a rich dish, ol
thcr an insipid one: Select the Iargcstap-s;
scoop out the core without cutting
lite through; fill the hollow with butter and
ie soft sugar; let them roast in a slow
en, and serve up with the syrvp. Ib.
Clove Cake.?Three pounds of flour,
ie of butter, one of sugar, three of eggs,
o spoonfuls of cloves?mix it with molass.
. lb.
unarks of Mr. Tjnckney and Mr. Hammond,
on Mr. Piuckney'iJ rcrolution.
Mr. Pixcknf.y said lie would not detain
c House long. I le bad oflbred the rcsotion
before the House upon most delibere
ru Auction, and alter consolation with se ral
highly respected und judicious friends
:d because lie honestly believed it to lie the
?ry best course that could be adopted in rclion
to the dangerous and exciting subject
which it refers. Mr. P. said he was
vara of the responsibility lie assumed, but
lowing that lie was acting for the highest
>od of the whole country, lie was perfectly
ady and willing to encounter it. He was
ding for the true interests of his constitute,
for the true welfare of his native State,
id of all the South, and, he was neither aaid
nor ashamed to add, with a view to the
?acc and preservation of the Union. But,
jcause lie had dared to adopt this coarse,
3 had becH bitterly assailed by a certain
-int, (the Telegraph,) and that, too, before
2 had even had an opportunity to assign
is reasons. Sir, (said Mr. P.) let me say
uce for all, that I am not ro be dnven by
* * .*
""O?, . * .
organization suggested by "A Header,"
nor should I presume to propose any nl?.no
tKoro not now in progress a til
plan consonant with the general objects of lu
yours, but with additional ulterior ad- at
ventages. vc
Jn tiie back country we have commenced ar
organizing Agricultural Societies, and hope vc
that not only you, Mr. Editor, but also your la
contributors, will co-operate in our eudea- to
vour to render them successful. 1 shall at
mention to you the plan of the Society to kt
which I belong. ?<
The Society has a President and See- re
rotary the latter of whom acts as Treasurer; ac
the whole society is arranged in separate ci
committees, with their respective provinces ai
allotted to them. fr
Oiie Committee to experiment on . the p<
composition aiid application of manure, as b(
required by dilFcrcnt soils and adapation to h<
diiierent productions, with a lull detail of pi
the culture, seasons, &c.; and another Com- hi
mitrcc exclusively to experiment upon cotton h;
when to top it and whether material at a:!, oj
newspaper assaults, or culuminious imputations
upon my motives, from my settled conrictions
of public duty, nor from my determined
purpose to take high and patriotic
ground upon this subject, and to prevent it,
as far a9 I am able to do so, from being
made a perpetual source of agitation, to the
ruin of the South, and the dcstrtruction of
the Union. I have no fear that the assaults
to which I have alluded wiil iujuro me in
thftjpstimation of of the citizens of Charlesi
_ JL At - - ' ? 1
iu^' lu v consuiucniK nave Known me long
and tliey know mc well. They know that I am
utterly incapable of being tempted to desert
my dutyTo them, in any matter in which their
rights or interests arc involved; and they
will spurn thft base imputation upon me, as
an insult to themselves. But I do plead
guilty to the heinous accusation of desiring
harmony?of desiring to produce a safe, and
advantageous, and honorablo adjustment of
this question. But how, Mr. Speaker? By
evading the resolutions offered by the hon
orable member from Maine and Virginia,
as I am charged with doing ? No, sir.. All
who know me, either hero or in South Carolina,
know that I ncvor havo twadod or
avoided any vote or any question, upon
which it lias ever been my duty to act as a
public representative. It is not my nature:
it is not my character. I would disdain to
shrink from an open avowal of my scnti-'
meats, or record of my vote, upon any
question which any gentleman could make
before this House. Ifow then, sir? By
retracing ground already gained, and yield,
ing an advantage obtained from the enemy?
No, sir; for I know of no ground gained,?
no advantage obtained; but I am decidedly
of opinion, on the contrary, that \yc have
lost ground daily, by the course that has
been pursued, and that ice shall lose more
and more. the longer it is persisted in. This
accusation, then, is absurd. I have evaded
nothing: I have yielded nothing. I deny
the imputation, and every vile insinuation
connected with it. But, sir, 1 do desire
harmony; by producing harmonious, uni.
led, and efficient action?by taking higher
ground than lias yet hcen taken?by covering
the whole field?by bringing up the
main question, and acting upon thai?and
by doing what no one else has yet attempted
to do?by procuring a direct role and a
practical result upon the whole subject of
tne abolition of slaveby ! This is my
object, sir; and am J to be denounced for
this? Are my constituents to be incited to
suspect me, because I am honestly endeavoring
to bring this distractingcontrovcrsy to
the very best issuo of which it is susceptible?
Is it treason to the South, sir, that this House
should declare, by a solemn and deliberate
vote, that Congress possesses no constitutional
authority to interfere with slavery in
any of the States? Is it treason to the
South, that this House should declare, by a
solemn and deliberate vote, that Congress
i.i ? i ?-'! ...HI It,in nnv
OUgUl iiU.j uiiu niu in/i, iiitv?v.u, ... v?v
way, with slavery in the District of Columbia,
because it would be a violation of the
public faith, and dangerous to the Union!
Has such a point as this ever been gained
before ? Has ever such a vote been taken,
or such declaration made, as this ? Is it
treason to the South, that a committee
should be ordered to draught a report, as
ably as they can, to secure and maintain
the just rights of the siavoholding States and
of the People of this District, on the one side,
and at the same time to restore concord and
tranquility amongst the various sections of
this Confederacy, on the other? If this be
treason to the South, sir, let my constituents
judge me. I am responsible to them,
but to no individual, be he who he may. If
this is treason to the Union, let the People
of America decide: for I cheerfully acknowledge
that, as a citizen of the Union, I am
_i ilinm Rut nf all pi'pnts.
lusu i<7 inv.ni. UUI)... .... J
however I may be denounced for my audacity
in having acted thus, I have the consolation
to know that the propositions I have
offered meet the cordial approbation of many
members from the South, than whom
there arc no purer patriots, or more devoted
Southerners, upon this floor. Several of
them have said that they would have rejoiced
if this very course had been adopted at the
beginning of tho session ; and I have evenreason
to believe that it will now be sustained
by the almost undivided vote of the whole
Southern delegation? What, .then, Mr.
Speaker, am I and all the Socitlicrn delegation
who act with me, are all of us traitors ;
and is the individual who has assailed me,
the only man who understands the interests,
cr cares for the rights and honor of the
South ? But, sir, I feel that I ought to ask
pardon of the House for speaking in this
manner. It is exceedingly painful to mc
to speak of myself at any time or in any
place, but especially before so respectable
and enlightened a body as this: but, fn justice
to myself, I could not have avoided it
on the present occasion.
Sir, I will only trouble the House witii one
?r to observations more. I wish my constituents
to understand my motives. It is
my duty, as the representative of the People
of Clinrleston, to render an account to them
of every thing that I may say or do in my
public capacity, and I wish them to understand
me distinctly, that they may judge me
correctly, and especially before any false
impressions may have been crcatod in tlieir
minds. I say, then, Mr. Speaker, that I
have threo great objects in offering this rosolution.
The first is, so far as possible, to
arrest tbc discussion of the subject of slavery
within these walls, which I believe to be
useless?worse than useless?pernicious to
the South and dangerous to the whole country.
The second is, to bring the wfwlc
subject of the abolition of slavery to a practical
result, in a. manner safe and a<jvanta.
geous to the South, satisfactory to the
North, and calculated also to tranquillize the
count rv and to confirm the Uniop. My
last object is?and this indeed substantially
$ ' *
I includes the whole?my last object is to put
down the spirit of fanaticism?to repress
the spirit of incendiary agitation?l^y disseminating
throughout the countrg a calm
and temperate report, emanating fnwtf tliis
body, having the high sanction of the National
Legislature, and calculated, both by
its own arguments and the high source
from win'ch it issues, to produce tluu sound
and rational state of public opinion in ttie
non-slaveholding States, which is oqually
due to the South, and to the preservation of
the Union ; and, for this great put pose, sir,
I would cover the whole ground,. I would
embrace the States as well as the District of
Columbia. 1 know no reasonable objection
to doing so, aud it is justified by precedent.
It is the very course that was adopted by
Congress in the memorable resolution of
1790?a course that was sustained (I believe
proposed) by the venerable Moaison,
and that received the unanimous sanction of
the whole Southern delegation of that day;
and I can see no reason why the same
course should not receive the unanimous
sanction of the whole Southern delegation
now. In my humble judgment, it is the
only course by which we can bring this mottf*r
fn nn nf)..nn(nm/Mte idCtlA Hl'tllMn U*G
W fcv 1411 UUTUllbU^WUO kMUVi
have bocn fighting about mere abstractions.
Hitherto we have been contending about the
right of petition, and other minor and unimportant
points. We have been wasting our
emerges, and losing ground upon a fuse issue,
an issue upon which we never can or
rive at a practical result?an issue upon
which the whole iCorth is united, and the
South divided; and the very debate upon
which, so far from doing the least good, ?oly
increases the spirit of abolition at the
North, inflames excitement at tho South,
and is daily widening the breach between
the different members of the Union.
Now, sir, I am for overstepping tlteso
minor, abstract point9, and taking higher
ground. I am for taking the question upon
the whole subject. I would let the right of
petition alone, as no way material to the truo
issue. I would have a broad and comprehensive
declaration, that Congress possesses
no authority over slavery here or clsewkem,
and will not interfere with it in any way
whatever.Is not this the true position for the
South, sir ? I think it is; and my constituents,
too, (all of whom own elopes,^ will
think upon it too. Sir, the emancipationists
aim at general emancipation. No candid
man can doubt it, or deny it. AO their
writings and publications prove it.. You
cannot read the proceedings of a single anti-slavery
society, or a single production of
the incendiary press, without being thoroughly
convinced that they contemplate abolition
in the States as their grand ultimate
object, and that they never will be satisfied
with any thing short of it, as long as they
have the slightest shadow of a hope. Now,
dli) A ? UU1U tllV/ill) UIIU vtvtv^v* ? w
once and forever, upon that I consider
that we do but little, if we do not crush
their hopes in relation to the States. There
can be no doubt that all their attempts to
procure abolition in the District ore, that it
may constitute a foundation for their general
scheme. They regard it as an entering
wedge by which they may carry on their
operations afterwards to an indefinite extentGive
them this District as a lever,, and they
will never cease until they bring this Government
to act upon the States. I would,therefore,
cut off all their hopes at once, as.
regards the States, by saying to them, plain*,
ly and distinctly, that this Government pos*.
sessrs no power whatever, by which they*
couhl be aided in thciF views. Satisfy themthat
they have no hopes in relation to the?
District. But, "to make assurance douhljf
sure." I would also destroy their hopes a?
regard# this District. I would meet them
at every poiut, and put them down on all. L
would say to them, that so far from their ever
obtaining the aid of this Government in
their designs upon the States, they shall never
be permitted even to obtain a foothold
here. They shall never be permitted to use
this District for the purpose of convulsion
and disunion. And, surely, Mr. Speaker,
if any tiling on earth can repress the spirit
of incendiary agitation, such proceedings
on the part of this House must produce that
effect. And not only that, sir; it will not
only tend, as I firmly believe, to check and
repress the fanatics, but, what is stiff more
important, it will tend, powerfully and irresistibly,
to produce a high-toned, generous
patriotism, an enlarged, magnanimous Amerienn
spirit, in the great body of the non.
slavcbolding States, eminently favorable to
the cause of peace, and to the constitutional
rights and interests of the Soutliern States.
Only let this House adopt the course indicated
in the resolutions I have offered, end,
? - - 1
my life upon it, they will be sustained oy
every honest heart, by even* time American
patriot, in every non-skxvenolJing State of
this great Republic.
Now, sir, this is the very result I desire to *
produce. The battle of abolition is to be
fought, not at the Sonth, hut in the ilon^kvcholding
States. The People of the non*
slavclioldiug States arc divided into two
classes: the incendiary fanatics, who are
plotting our destruction, and the destruction,
of this Union?and the great body of the
People, who respect tlie rights and feelings
of their Southern brethren, and are doing all
they can to put tlie fanatics down. TYTiaf,
then, is our policy ? To make a now issue
upon abstract points ? To change the xvholo
aspect of the question, by contending cgainsi
the right of petition, and thus increase
abolition, and drive our supporters
from the field ? No, sir; I would strengthen
our fiionds, not weaken them, I would
lot them fight the abolitionists m their own
wttv, and not hamper or trammel them by
making new contests, or creating new difficulties
of an}-- kind wliatcvcr. And I da
firmly and conscientiously believe that, if
| this course is adppted, they will succeed i\
? * 4"

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