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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, May 10, 1836, Image 2

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receivers, or paid over just as he shall think ?i
proper to direct? Though it may bo that c
\vc have no just ground to apprehend any
, misapplication of tl*o public funds by the ii
President (and I for one certainly have no
* such fear), yet is it lit in a Republic that a- s
uy one man, pa matter how exalted in the
public estimation, should have it in hi^.power
to dispose* of the public moneys at his s
discretion? Is it fit, I repeat, that such a s
u state of things should continue even for a j
day ? But, sir, a party which calls itself re- j {
publican, has suffered not ouly months, but; f
years to elapse under-their administration of j I
public affairs, without providing a remedy ! t
for this eviL . "J f
But although we may have no fear of the 11
fidelity* of the President, so far as regards
the expenditure of the public moneys by him,;
yet tl?e mischief ofincreased executive patronage
is actually abroad. The command !
of the depositories of the public money con- j tj
fers upon the Executive, in effect, the con- j j
trol of every Bank in the Union; nearly five . f<
hundred in number. It is not only the Dc- j.
posite Banks which are liable to become the
instruments of his will and purposes in the j
selection of their officers and the general f
management of their affairs; but the control j
which he exercises over them, clothes him j
( with the power to embarrass and cripple the 0
f S operation of every other bank in t!ie United j Ji
States, ifhe shall think proper to exercise it. j0
Docs any one doubt the ability of the go- j
vcrnmcnt. acting through an unofficial and j S(
irresponsible agent, upon the various depo- j 2
sitories of the public moneys, to biing sud- j 1
<len destruction upon' the interests anil af- j d
fairs cf any bank whatever which may incur |t(
the displeasure of the party in power? If i
. Vie late Bank chartered by Pennsylvania j r
shall be able to encounter the hostility of the j y
government, T undertake to say it will be k
"the only one which con hope to sustain it- n
self in such a conflict. The very cooscious- J
ncsstbat the power exists In the Executive
of the United States to inflict so great an in- ^
jury upon the interests of any institution g
which shall cross the wishes of theso in po- w
wer, whether there shall be any intention to 9l
exercise it or not, will cause every Bank in
.the countiy to become more or less subser- u
wient to thcpurposcs of the dominant party, tl
But is there not just such an agent as I have
x ^described now in the employment of the Go- j N
vcrnment? The Secrcfair of the Treosiny i &
could not be safely rnado "the instrument of! .fl
Executive influence and control over the J p<
moneyed institutions of the country. His w
acts aud correspondence would be official, tc
aud might be called for, and exposed. E- T
ven his verbal instruction and intimations
could not be disavo wed by the Government,
.should they by any accident bo brought to in
light. But not so of the acts of the agent, &
generally resident in this city, and notorious- G
Jy in the confidence of the Executive and j ai
the Dcposite Bunks. Sir, when we consi- 1
./lop tluit ftixmius rercnue. includinff the \ ~
vv* w 4'* - ? - ? ? y 9 qq
unexpended balance m the Treasury, will, nc
during the present year, average not less Ni
than thirty-live, and probably forty millions; <le
aid when we bring to mind the immense in- ^
flucnce which the gratuitous use of tins e- q,
normous capital gives to tho Executive, be- T<
sides the ordinary patronage ofthe Govern- th
nicnt, it is time that the country should a- 1x5
waiko to a sense oflhc- consequences. Can ^
public freedom Jon? resist die assaults of jj,
such a tremendous influence when brought ra
to bear, as we have just reason to believe ad
they ore, directly apen the election of the
highest -officers of tbe Government? It is "
not British capital; it ts jK>t the money of the bo
United States Bank, whether dealt o\\t in vi<
loans, or largesses upon particular individuals;
it is tire peopled own money which m<
is turned against them, to corrupt the purity, ^
and destroy the freedom of the elective pr
franchise? ? do
* [7t? be continued.} pr
? . - . Jel
V or
Korfolk, Thursday, April 28?1 p. M.
The packet ship Westminster, at New fr<
York, brings London papers to the even- c<
ing of the 17th of March. to
No question of general importance has'
occupied the attention of the British Bar- ; II
Jiaraent. The strength of the present Mi- ^
nisters in the House of Commons seems ^
on the increase. A reduction of the Stamp //
Duty on Newspapers is contemplated. C<
The Committee of the House of Com- M
mons appointed to Investigate the charge ^
of bribery and corruption against Mr. 0'- w]
Connelm the Carlow election, had ruade rot
a report exculpatory of him. ?
.The .Citadel of Ply mouth had been destroyed
by Grc, and the town Mayor aged
7G, and hislwo daughters, aged 23 and 15 ii
perished ia Ok* fllmes. *<*
The prince consort of Portugal had arrived
A diplomatic envoy is said to have been
despatched.te.Craeow, by the British go- I ^
^ vernment, K> report ou the recent military in
occwpauoa^ of that city by the Russians, bu
Austrians and Prussians- th
The British government is said.to have
offered its guarantee to Russia, ior llic m
payment of the indemnification due by
Turkey, on conditioa that the Russians .
evacuate the fortress of Silistria.
The present Cabinets of both England ei
and France appear to be firmly supported. lb
In the French chamber of deputies the
motion for a political amnesty, in favor of ^
prince Pojignac and his fellow-prisoners, ni
was lost by a large majority, on the w
ground that it is the prerogative of the ;
King to originate acts of mercy.
A meeting was he.ld in London, Lord ^
Dudley Stuart in the chair, for the purpose
of taking measures for the relief of the at
sufferers by tho New York fire. Mr. 0'- T
Council and Sheridan Knowles addressed j P;
the meeting. A subscription was resol- j lc
vod on. % -v L
The Begum Somroo has remitted,! fi
through the Bishop of Calcutta, 50,000 jj
rupees, the interest of w hich in the three j
per^cnts, is to be upplied, under the di- j w
r3c!ion of the Archbishop of Canterbury.! r
:ai3 of the expenses in Ijidia of the So* J
ieiy for the propagation of the gospel.
The King of Prussia 13 said to be laborig
under a species of insanity.
The elections in Spain were resulting
rongly in favor of the ultra liberals.
The Paris Messenger of 23d of March
iys: "It was yesterday reported on 'Change,
3ys a journal,that tho Treasury had already
aid the instalments of the indemnity to the
inited States, which are already due."
understand that, on the 19th of
larch, the Messrs. Rothschild had applied
) the agents of the Havre packets for the
eight of specie, being the first two installents
under the French indemnity treatv.l
ir--* r.y" J|
ci. 11UI J. I
Mobile, April 20.
We learn lliat the Mexicans have landed at
ic Sabine, an<l that the frotnicr settlers, incluDg
tiic population of Nacogdoches, arc fleeing
r their lives.
The Indians on the frontier, have broken out
to ojx'n warfare, and Gen. l.'uiacs has moved
;ainst them.
yashcitoc7ic?, April 16.
"Since my last, I have been back to the Brass.
I escaped captivity, and perhaps the hoqor
' being shot by a^desperatc eflort. The vrlrolo
Texas is broken up. The human misery I
ivo seen, cannot lie desc ribed. The fugutives
e now crossing the .Sabine, but I fear many
niilics in the rear must be cut off. Houston is
icampcd, bv the latest intelligence, in the Bras.
a bottom. 20 miles above San Felipe. He has
>00 men, and is daily receiving reinforcements. |
be feeling of the army is good, and no one .
ubls his success. .-Gen. Gaines marched yes- j
rday for the Sabine."
^ Ncic Orleans, April ID.
To tell you of Col- Fannin's fate will make
>ur blood ran cold?he fought the enemy until
or 10 o'clock, and repulsed with a loss of 193
lied,?their own loss trifling. Under cover of
ght?Col. F. ontronched himself. Irr the
orning the Mexican General raised a white flag,
inn in marched in and capitulated with him, upi
theso terms. Col. F. and company were to
shipped from Copano to jfew-Orteans. They
we up their arms, were marched back to GoliI,
and kept 8 days as prisoners of War, on the
h they were told the vessel wa steady at Copa- 1
>, and marched out to ship. ** They were marchdown
about 5 miles, and tho order was given
Are upon them, and they were all killed upon
o spot, savo Win. Hidden of the Broseo?.
1 ? --? ' . T i :i 14 ?! 4
A icucr (uticd run xxyiu * *, ou^a umi.
icogdochcs (a town on a branch of tho Sabine '
I or 60 miles from the Louisiana line) has been
andoncd and probably destroyedj'Tbut the Alexin
army had united with a body of Indians z*.
rtcd tobeloOO strong that hundreds of families
re floeiug from tho savages, and that tho cas n
part of Texas would prob tbly bo laid waste.
ie same letter also states that Gen. Gaines had
lcrod 8 or 10 companies to march immediately
tho Sabine, which is the dividing line betweon
misiana and Texas, for tho purpose of protocir
that region of county. A report first pub
bed in the New Orleans Bullitin that Gen.
jnes had called upon the Governor^ of Louisii
and Mississippi turns out false.
The New Orleans Bee, of the 23J insl. says:
The accounts received yesterday from this
intry aro of & more favorable nature; and
rative in part the previous rumors relativo to
cogdoches,?It is true that the town had been
sertcd on the report that tho Indians - and
:xicans were making a descent on it: but it
s not attacked and not destroyed. Colonel
titman continued there with 200 men; and the
xians having conveyed their families cast of '
i Sabine returned. Some Mexicans had indeed
in seen; bat they wero going tojoin Houston.
Santa Anna was at San Antonio on the 5th (
t., General Houston was at Gross, west of tho
asos, on tho Gth; with 2500 men. IIo was '
sing horses, for a cavalry of 500 to attack the
ranee guard of the cnomy encamped within <
miles of him; and had open communication
th the gulf?-whence ho was supplied with
rvisions by tho Yellow Stone and other stoamits.
Tlje next arrival may turn the tidings of j
tory in favor ol tho "loxians.
L^cnoral Gaines *vas at Wilkinson's encamp- '
nt.s on the Sabine, with 600 X'. S. Troops,
1 was daily expecting reinforcements from >
rt Gibson. There was not the slightest ap- ]
ihension of an attack on him; whatover he .
?will bo on the defonsiye to prevent and
Santa Anna had given a commission to Row- !
the Indian chieftain 4 and a bounty to raise
il equip his tribe ; hut it is likely that tlio (
irgdtic measures adopted by Gaines will pfbit
the schemes of the General President. Thp 1
ddo Indians have exhibited symptoms of rebel.
a. 'j
general Felix Houston will shortly proceed ,
m Nachez to Nacogdoches; and having joined
lonel Quitman, their united forces' will march '
assist General Samuel Houston. 1
MOBILE, APRIL 2G.?Texas.?By Major 1
>rton, who came passenger in the Tcxian
ivernmentscht. Invincible, we learn that 1200 I
jxicanshad crossed the Colorado, 800 men at
n Felipe, and 400 at Fort Bend^ that Gen.- j
?uston's effective force was 2300. Tho
lorado has overflowed its banks, and tho 1200 1
jxicans cannot retreat. Houston had despatch- <
Maj. Bahan, with 400 men againsf 400
;xicnns, and was advancing himself with his ,
tolc force uj>on the Mexican division whose
roat to the main army was impossible.
Fhe total destruction of the 1200 Mexicans i
certain. All was joy and confidence at the
at of Government. Tho elements arc fighting ,
> ?i : I !
i t'Adt, auu U1U U1I1?C15U? upilliuil 10, Miaw iuv
:xican army between the Colorado and Bras. '
\y is already defeated. Houston must hare
ight the battle last Sunday. . * I
Dreadful Massacre.?We also learn that 73 \
armed emigrants that left this city in the ,
illiam and Francis, for Copano, ami were
idedatthat port, trusting thomsclves nnarined
the power of the Mexicans, wero in two hours j
tchered by the soldiery, in sight of the vessel;
s schooner escaped to Matagorda. <
[t is stated that a son of Gen. Harrison was i
wt barbarously butchered. His bowels were
n out and he was otherwise maimed and left
that stato to expire. - '
A. running engagement is reported to have tart
placo between the 7exian schooner Invinde,
and the Mexican schooner Montezuma oif
s coast of Brasos Santiarro. The latter was
ak. - The account of the sinking of the Montema
is contradicted by another report. Thcro
is also a report brought to Mobile that Col. Fan.
ig and his men aro still alive, and have been
ill treated as prisoners of war.
From the Memphis Enquirer.
The excitement in favor of Toxas throughout
issis&ippi and Louisiana is almost incredible;
oney is given to the cause in the spirit of
uthcrn literality. Three thousand volunteers
least will immediately bo on their way to
3xaa from these States, headed and accomnied
by the best and bravest men of the land,
be Western District of Tenncsseo will doubt.
3s send but hundreds or her 41 sharp shooters"
their prowess and rifles aro needed. Their
lends and brothers have been denied life?and
1 denial taught tyrants how nobly patriots
>n die upon the altar of lil>crty drowning
einselvca in the hlood their own swords
rought from the breast of tyrants. In Louis!lo
and Cincinnati also, volunteers urc rallying I
round the flag of freedom and Texas. The most
eloquent men in both places are haranguing in
public and exciting the emigrating spirit; there
is no secrcsy manifested at -all. The swelling
tide of public sympathy, unable to restrain itself,
has burst forth in a tremendous volume.
Col. Robert I. Chester is now in the 'District
from Texas, and wishes to raise ton companios
of filly each.
Abstract of the Proceeding* of the
Tirontj-fourth Congress, First Session.
April, 26.
The Chair presented a communication
from the Treasury Department,with statements
of the condition, &c. of the Dcposite
The bill making appropiulions for the
naval service, was taken up?the question
being on an amendment offered by the
committee, increasing the appropriations
about $2,000,000.
The amendment was explained and advocated
by Mr. Southard; opposed by
Mr- Hill* and laid on the table,
The bill to distribute among the several
states the avails of the public lands,
came up as the special order.
"* ' * 1I? qrmuirl
Mr. WDttc spoKc in iui^v. mm ui^uvw
generally in favor of the bill, and against
an inequitable distribution of the public
Mr. Walker mo red to amend the bill
by proportioning the distribution to the
number of Kopresentutivcs and Senators
from the respective states;
After further discussion, by Messrs.
Clay, Clayton, Jorter, Niles and Walker
the amendment was rejected by yeae 6,
nays 37. %
, The Metropolitan, says :
One of tht^most crowded and fashiahable
(u^ienads that ever assembled in the
wnlts of the Senate, attended to-day to hear
pUllllU liltiuof v?i<?v w|-- -? --? - j
Mr. Benton moved to postpone if foi
the purpose ?*.f taking up the Fortification
bilk and called for the yeas and nays,
which were ordered.
The question was lost bv yeas 20, npys
Mr. Benton then moved to lay the bill
on the table, which was negatived by the
same vote.
Mr. Robinson offered nn amendment
fixing the price of land which had been
twenty years on sale, nt $1,12 1-2 per
acre, and annually at five per cent less afterwards.
Lost by a vote by yeas and
nays of 16 to 26.
Mr. Brown then moved to strike out
1 ^?1 :?? nftlin hill which nnnro
mc nrsi setuwii u..., ? _ri?
priates ton per cent, on the safes of the
lauds, above the proportion of the old
States. The motion was lost by a vote
of yeas and nays of 11 to 31.
An amendment offered by Mi*. Shcpley,
was adopted, extending, the benefits of
the bill to future States, after their admission.
Mr. Benton removed his motion to
strike from the bill the 500,000 extra acres
for Missouri. Lost by yeas 6, nays 34.
Mr* Benton moved an amendment.to
[he bill imposing en the appropriations of
the bill the expenditures, past and current,
an account of the public lands.
After debate, the question whs taken
severally o:i the different parts of Mr.
Benton's amendment, and nIL decided in
the negative by yeas and nays, by votes
of about id to 26.
The bill was then ordered to be engrossed
for a third reading by the following
vote: .
Yeas?Messrs. Black, Buchanan, Clay.
Clayton, Crittenden, Davis, Ewing, of
Ohio, Goldsborough, Hendricks, Kent,
TT-i-k* T ninK M'lTofln. Manffuni. Nnii.
JYIJl?^ll< , ? ? ' > B ,
dai'n, Nicholas, Porter, Prentiss, Preston,
Robbins, Southard, Swift, Tomlinson,
Webster, White, 25.
Nays?Messrs. Benton, Brown, Calhoun,.
Cuthbert, Ewing oflllinois, Grundy,
Hill, Hubbard, King of Alabama, King
of Georgia, Linn, Moore, Morris, Niles
Rives, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Tab
madge, Walker, Wright, 21.
April 28.
A resolution instructing the Library
committee to inquire into the expediency
of authorizing the President to contract
with L. Persico for furnishing two groups
of statuary to complete the eastern from
of (he capitol was adopted.
The land bill was taken up for a third
W / ' *
iItiftlii ^
Mr. Clay's speech on (he Land Bill. He
took (he floor a little after eleven o'clock
and continued speaking until four qjclocfc
during which time no relaxation was observable
in the intense interest which pervaded
the dense crowd, nor was there' the
least disposition manifested to lesseq the
number of the audience. To give an oatline
of this splendid speech would but injure
its effect without impnrtiug any of its
spirit, but it is said to be bis final speech
on that important subject, and in the opinion
of all his friends was fully equal to his
fame, genius, and statesman-like views.
On motion of Mr. Southard, the bill making
appropriations for the Naval service
was taken up and considered.
The various amendments offered by
the Committee, increasing the appropriations
about $1,000,000, were severalty
considered as in Committee of the Whole
adopted without division, and the hill with
ihe amendments was reported to the Senate.
* . ^
Mr. Webster, from the Committee o!
Finance, reported the bill making farthci
# " -
appropriations tonne suppression 01 inaiur
hostilities in Florida, which was-consider'
ed as in committee of the whole, and ordc
d to be engrossed for u third reading.
This bill has passed the House.
The bill authorizing the President tc
enlist a regiment of Volunteers, was read
twice, and referred to the Committee or
Military affairs. This bill has also parsed
the House.
The bill to distribute among the several
states the nettproceeds of the sales of the
?t-i:_ i.?ja nn ns the sneeial order.
reading aud Mr. Nilcs made a speech a- d
gainst it. * ti
' ? . . ^April 29. tl
Mr. Brown, offered a resolution instruct- s
ing the military committee to inquire into j n
claims of North Carolina for expenditures
during tbo last war. - I 3
Mr. Morris and Mr. Walker made! n
I speeches against the land bill. ' ; r
April 30. j L
Mr. While offered a resolution quoting
the resolution adopted in 1834 relative to t
the removal of the deposites; declaring j f
that said resolution cannot bo expunged [
without a violation of the constitution, arid I <
that the President did not in removing the j
deposites transcend his legal and constitutional
authority; nnd then repealing the <
said resolution. It tics own one day for |
, consideration.
l'he joint resolution formerly adopted j I
j by the House, in relation to the Smith- ;
[ son legacy was ordered to be engrossed j
i Yeas 31, Nays 7. The resolution rela- j
I Smith.^nn lecacv passed the third ! i
J ^
, reading. j i
J ' May 2. J >
I The bill ibr the improvement of certain <
1.1 harbors was passed to a third reading. I
: : . May 3. ! <
;; A message was received from the house i
of Representatives, announcing the death i
| of the Hon. Richard I. Manning, a Rep- I
, resentativo from the State of South Caro- i
. lina. , <
The message having been read,
Mr. Preston rose, and addressed the ?
' i Senate, in substance, as follows : <
1 MT.^President: The message just read
! imposes upon mo the customary duty of
j moving for the usual testimony of respect J
[to the memory of my deceased colleague,
Pj' " ? ?i.Ia Di.Ur/l f Mnnnirxr. of the 1
lilfleBOHurHuiv UH.URIU <
1 House of Representatives; and never, sir, i
i [ has such an official act been performed <
: [ with deeper emotions than those under i
whose melancholy influence I rise on tfys i
occasion. _ _1 ... - -ft
is not fit that I- should obtrude my ij
j private griefs upon the Senate, although I
i ] am well assured that its kindness tvouid i
extend some indulgence to a friendship of 11
: a most intimate character, which, com- |
i mencing in college companionship, has !
> been unimpaired by the changes*and chan- !
ges of life, and undiminished even by party [
i j spirit, whoso repulsive energy so often *
! breaks nssunder the stlongest bonds of'
j affection. For, although, sir, it has so hap- j
much and Ions i
j |ICUVU lll'j b HV -
I opposed in politics, and although I -have
i had much occasion to feel the adverse in
4 Alienee of his high character, there is not
r that marl who loved him living, or mourned
!' him dead, more than I do.
i j He was, indeed, Mr. President, of very
. noble nature. Endowed with all high and
| generous qualities; cool, bold, just, patient
f and resolute; magnanimous in his whole j
r j tone of feeling and tonor of thought; to- j
i I tally exempt from all sordid or selfish pro- J
.j pensities; of that prompt and patient be-1
nevolence to do or to stifler, which comes
. of natUi? I impulse; educated into principle;
unflinching in the performance of doty,
> but too kind in his natnroto best or n; scruI
pulous in self-regultfHon, bat generously
\ indulgent to others. His faiher, a distin-'
> | guisbed soldier of tbc Revolution, deeply !
| inscribed upon his son's character the im
trr?iifjr: rour
j prCSS Ul l||?rilC|Viywwiwv< , ?
I I age, and devotion to country were hered-!
, j itary and native to him; nnd these manly j
| virtues were softened nnd made amiable !
.{by the kindest affections of the heart, j
i ! while over bis character presided an c.xal-i
> ?ervent P'ety.
F^rVnany years, in various ways, be
j received distinguished testimonies of the
] affection and confidence of his native State.
- Ho served frequently in cither branch of
, the Legislature, ,was Governor, and,* at
. length, a representative in Congress. ?
In the prime of life, and in the vigor of
manhood, he has died, as he lived?m the
midst of bis duties. Never, Mr. President,
have the honors of the Senate been j
more worthily bestowed than upon the |
! momr.ru sif RL#>hnr/i I. lit nruiin?\ for. which t~
j 111^ 111 Ul J V. -p.
11 invoke them, by offering the following
resolution :
[The usual resolurion to wear crnpo on
the left arm for thirty days, was then ndop- h
ted,] *
On motion of Mr. Preston, as au additional
testimony of respect for lh.c mem
ory of the deceased, ,
-The Senato then adjourned.
May 4.
. After some business of minor-importance
had been done, Mr. Benton reported from
the millitary committee, with amendments a
bill from the House, to authorize the President
to accept the service of Volunteers
*? ??'"1 Kill Im fnl'Mi nn.
IV(J. OilU iiiutui UI41 kiiv Will ?v muwt. ?jr.
Upon this motipn considerable debate arose, in
which Messrs Preston, Clay, Benton,
Porter, Buchanan, and Clayton took part.
It was contended on the one side that the
bill ought to be disposed of early on account
of the unsettled State of Texas on ,
our borders, and the sanguinary character
of the war carried on there. Although |
there was actually no evidence that Santa (
Anna desigus lo make any breach of
; neutrality, yet such a thing was possible, .
' j and the country ought to bo prepared for it.
, That tliere were 250,000 savages in an excitable
state who might in a very short time
( be thrown upon the defenceless frontier. of
, Arkansas and Missouri. On the. other
hand it was contended that more full in.
formation on the subject was necessary
. before the Senate could act intelligently.
> The motion to take up the bill was lost.
After which the land bill was taken up.
Mr. .Benton made a speech against it.
The question was then taken and the bill
, passed its third ana last reading by a vote
r bf 20 to 25.
t ,
t j The principal business done from the j
1 25th April to the 4th May, was the final pas-1
[: sage t>f bills appropriating one million of)
oflars ttf suppress the Seminole hostili- t
ea; authorizing the President to accept t
ie services of volunteer a in certain ca- <
ea; and empowering him to raise a regi- 1
lent of dragoons? or mounted rifle men. I
Considerable time was spent in discus- 1
ing the bill utakiiig appropriation (qr the i
rmy, and the resolution proposingrinqui- I
y into the mode of selecting depositc
tanks. &c. <
Mr. Williams moved, on the 29th April,
o suspend the rules for the purpose of ofering
a resolution of inqugy into the'ex>odioncy
of recognizing the independence
>f Texas. Negatived.
May 3.
The House was called to order at 10
/clock A. M. pursuant to a resolution
inssed some days since.
Afjcr the journal of Friday had been
read, *?" - *
Mr. Pinckney rose, and addressed the
House to the following effect: Mr. Spea*
** 1 ?i? i
|>er: Often as aeatn nas aireauy uccu
imongst i#rthis s.ssion, he has again entcrcd
withm these walls, and taken another
wd'one of the most excellent members,
!>f this honorable body. Yes, sir, death
has again been amongst us; nod it is in
consequence of one of those sudden and
aw fill dispensations of Divine Providence,
to which, however painfully we may feci
them, it is our duty,to submit, that I how
rrae to announce to this House the decease
of my late honored and lamented col.
league Richard I. Manning. lie left this
city on Frtday last, on a visit ip. Philadelphia,
and died, as I am informed, at
that place, ori Sunday evening, of a hemorhagc,
produced by the rupture of'n
blood vessel iff his lungs. Surely, if ever
there was im event which could teach us
* * -t ?iv? oro nni) what
"wnai poor suhuvwo ??v mv, .....
shadows wo pursue?' this js ono which'
should impress that lesson deeply on our
minds. Hut a "few days ngh he was here,
in hi*' place upon this floor, in the pride of I
intellect and vigor of manhood, mingling j
freely wirh his fbttow-membcrs, partaking |
the cares and honors of legislation, and
discharging the high duti.es of a representative
of the People in the councils of the
nation. Now he is nupibercd with the silent
dead. know it is. customary, upon
occasions of this kind, to deliver ?du logics
npon the character of departed members.
But! shall make no such attempt upon the
present occasion. I could not do justice
to such a character as his. To say that
-* ... > i
he was a man or sound judgment nnu extensive
information?:a gentleman, in the
strictest signification of the term?a mafr
of sterling honor, and integrity?-a devoted
husband, and most, tender parent?pure
and irreproachable, in all the relations of
life?all this U true, perfectly true, and
ycf it conveys but a-podr idea of the beautiful
cluster of noble and estimable qunlities
that were concentred in him. He
was more than njl this. He jvas, emphatically,
a patriot," who discharged all his
duties to his country with ardor and fidelity;
and he was q sincere and consistent
Christian, who adorned the dcrjlrlne of his
Lord and Saviour. He died; like a patriot,
in the service of his country; and liis
life as a Christian assures me that he is
now reposing in the bosom o?his God.
As an evjdence of the high estimation in
which he was held by the People of his
nativs State, it will suffice to observe- that
he was repeatedly elected to tho Legislature
of South Carolina, once uimnimously
chosvn Governor of that State*and, twice
elevated to a scat in Congress. In times
of tbc bitterest parly contention in South
' * r ?i .u_
Laroinin, no reuiuicu uju uu^uaiiuuu inspect
of his political opponents, nor* do I
believe he had a personal enemy. Bur
all his ..talents, r?l his virtues, all his noble
qualities of head andheact, could not save
him from the grasp ofthc destroyer. ?JIc
is goile-^gohe from me, whom he honored
with his friendship?gondfrom this House
which he adorned by his virtues.*, His
plaqe here will know him no .more. He
cannot listen to the poor tribute 1 throw
upon his tomb. He cannot witness the
deep and respectful sympathy manifested
by this:-honorable body. No sir, lie is
gone;.and all,that \ce can do is, to Jament
his lose, and imitate his virtues, and. pay
to his memory.the unavailing-honors of the
dead, y
I now beg leave to oiler me lonowmg
rcsolutions for adoption by the House : '
_ 1. Resolvedr unanimously That this
(louse has received with deep regret, the
melancholy intelligence of thedeath oTthe
Hon. RfCHARDirMANNING, n representative
from the State of South Cat*
olina. - x 2.
Resulted, unanimously That this
House tender the expression of their sympathy
to the relatives of the decenscd,
upon this mournful event; and in testimony
of regret for his loss and respect for his
memory, the member^vfll wear crape for
thirty days. ri
The resolutions "having been urnnimously
adopted, ^ / - * '
Mr. Pincknev moved that a message
be sent to the Senate, informing that body
of the death of the Hon. Richard (. Manning.
The Speaker said that such a message
would be sent to the senate as a matter
of course.
On motion of. Mr. Pinckhey, the House
then adjourned.
From Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
Washington, April 26.
"Air Clay has delivered an able and long
speech ft-day, in favor ofhis Land BUI.?
Suchtvas the eagerness to hear him, that
the whole of the House of Representatives,
with the exception of about fifty members,
came into the Senate. The Messengers
from fhe House were constantly coming
and going, inviting, pressing the members
to go to the House. There were two calls
of the House, and the members would run
out of the Senate, answer td their names,
and return to tlie Senate; so that although
the list shewed a quorum to be present, it
vas found, whenever an anempi was mono
o proceed with the business, that the defiriency
was so great, as to pfotonl an insurmountable
barrier to business. The tiousd t
iowever,frepeatedly refused to adjourn, and
kept in session, untill Mr. Clay concluded,
at a little before 4 o'clock, when the House
began to do business.
Extract of a letter from WVi'ninfttQ to Uw
Cliarleston Conrier, dated April 8& v* 1 '
Great apprehen: ions seem toexiff
"catern and South Western delegation, that wo
ate soon to have an extensive border War. The .
foeW ?n behalf of Texao is prognsmnt, and M
proboMy will lead to difficulties DelweSn Mexico
and tlw United States." * .
Extract of a letter recei ved br a-gentleman in
Savapah dtyfrom Gen.J.S. Shclton,aroJoru
tccr m Florida from Cohcipbia, g. fL doted.
"Pexsacola, Aran, SI, W3&?I mj* jot
time to say to you, that 1 un time far omfcmrd to
Carolina, convalbsent from arenctntre with an
Ijidian Chief, received on tbe 29th iVarefi. V
liope in a very fewday*to take wy erutelK*.
From'the Floridian, of April & ^
Gen. Scot with the main winy, consisting
of tlie division onderdbn. Euatfc, wjU nroceea
directly to Pease Greek, with two Isffiaa goidea
who have offered to lndiuBk to fWedfe camp,
where ttiey say um ? pivy? - ?
pcrute stdnd. Thmtf a junction wttthe-^ctaf
with the Louwana volunteers, and it UjMped
tlife war will be terminated. * ',-5?V.
[n The steam jacket. William Seabraok, Calf
Dubois, arrived here yesterday, from |
and am on? her nwainfnri in nmnl iSIiumi y r
| the Carolina militT^ ??
From them we bam that the troop* had Sin ; H
disappointed in their expectation of meeting the ' f 1
Indians at Peas Creek. Gen. EastiaVr eeamad r 1
reached Volusia, on their rtQun m flnliftsh
and started from.tlionee-on Saturday, (a$h the
exception of the ?ck?-wbo irmtn hrr trtiM|milod
in stoam boats to Picolaia, and then ill
for St. Augustine, which place It was eneeted
that they would reach yesterday, then
sago in transports for this city. wV \
It vas understood tlistiW ntgtdar I
troops, amouxstiagfo about 809 men, Tnwhi oc- J
I cupy the princi ?Tposte in the territory **! the I
| sickly ffeason should be past. It was ilyiipdnr 1
stood among thv dlieers, that tho cotmfl|?diag 1
General would reooraawDff tne iamng svumtw ?
strong Regiments of mounted men in taSktoajd %
in prosecuting the war next winter. Tip Indians '?
having dispersed before the array, it urn lajteg. 1
sible to bring them to hettlo.>^C%?rir9<e9^0Mtp> J
Volunteer* Rrlurrud.?The scl>r.jftfefr. J
Capt.Sawyer, arrived he? yesterday ft udf%$u^* 1
Bay, via Key ^est, having on board, |i|Ml J
eers, Lieut. Allex and Dr. Cianx, of ^w V. B.
Army, and fifty-three Sooth CaroUiaej^aPfcefra, }
attached to Capt. PTckcns, Cbifda, GftaAtfc MK- 4
thews, Dubois-', ami Elmore's Coropauhafip-jTM. .I
' On Thursday morning, -a
battle with the Indian^ w&h lee^HBB^Ety
. minutes, with a loss on oarsida of? ipjKabie
| men Five inon were Bffl?for
a Mr. Blocker, whodrtdyjMM& urqpBHSfltriit
! in the neck, in the fcafftfiFtfithe ot^lfetflbB
J river, on the 35th March. Jiwl a* UtegSSEqn. I
menccd work, tlicy were fired on by tfrffjttitna /
who lay in the hammock, around the FiSand J
Serieantr Houlcday, and private Goitgftrgwero J
killed? tl$> others escaped mtburtyOxeepi-Wjpsnn,
^ ho received a ball through the thigh, dp the
safmo time, the firing commenced ftotffjWpeiy
side, at onr men ami sentinels, who worn dplde
of tHo picket*?which ?w woinptl^ eMirne^
from the Fort by wr men, with muskft^^tWr
by Maj. Gates, onr i Milling iii.lndfl<j| . '.
Fcttis, of the U.?. Army, who used a raKwr,
I with much cfleet, dischs^ginffsholl* mmCW the
; Indians. Maj. Gates, Lewi. IWis,. CtolfrglOen
J and Quatllcbum, and their officers, tndwJWB. f
i Cole, the Sutler from Fortress Monroe,' Vrtghoa, ><
, all deserve great praise, fat their, courage and
, promptness on this occasion. Only ono mtB in *
tho fort Was hit; and that with aspentbilL gfcout
i tho close of the tight. During tho aetittuBfattb
' were flying in every direction against fSp&eills
On tho 16th April two men wera qff|flltfid by
Indians near t!?o l-'ort at Micaaopyi'^g^B hflWl'
which thov were driving in ? C3ty|H^inp t
them. The ann of one w*s" broken JgyPpOL L
On the 20th as attack was made onfmthtM ]
which lastcjlfor one hour. The xnuafce?of In- jl
dians seen was about fifty. None of the while* 1
were injured. Blood wee seen when the Indian*
had taken their position.
A Dr. Crews who had keen inspector ^ >'*
lotto Ilarbor was murdered on the2$d Aap3, imd
his house burnt fcy two Indians, one of whom htt
been made prisoner and the other shot.
A letter roceived at St. JWgustiive; by the mail
of tho 25th, states that Geo. Cuscvfm sugar
works, about half a milo from Fort Drans, had
been burnt by tho Indians. . In consequence of
thw. the inhabitants were retiring from thiir
We understand an express arrived in town on
' the day before yesterday, bringing intelligence of
new irruptions by the Meminoieo, into Altoehua
County?stealing, burning and destroying, ea
usual. (ft) Iniel&gtutrr.
; ? . LEG 13 LA TUHE OP
ALBAJiT, Aprir,28, I8?.
I The Senate has been engaged most of
the day with the report of the committee
appointed, to ioyeatimpflr^he charges
against MessrsJfca&frftbd Bithop far ab- ,
stracting funds from the Commercial Bank |
of this eity. *
r The Senate after a short spegrf session
determined that the report e???w he read
with open doors. It was revL by Col.
' Young, and is the aaaotmoa* t&itivaertt ?
of the committee^ insisting of Mete*.
Moci\?Mr. Lacy, thofttfher member of \
the coramittee,.iuun$beeu prevented by*
serious. indisposition for the last week#
from attendance. -
The report is drawn io strong language
and autliorisps iut? opunw m?h iw ^iwi
not only confirms, but magplfcan cdattm ~
ail that ha* been coajaetored or attst
pec'ed, unfavorable HeAe Scatters implicated.
But grtk* report and tes(?- ,
inony will be printed, I will sot attempt tp
anticipate (Mm than :o give one or twp
leading fed*
It is proven,' as weH from the letters df
KembU and Bishop toj}*rto?, the abecon- 3
ding cashier, as by other witoeases, that a
conspiracy was formed to speculate in
stocks, and that the money for this pur*
pose, to a large amount, was drawn secretly
from the Commercial Bank. It is
in evidence that these two Senators, without
having any open accounts at the Commercial
Bank, abstracted, by drafts and
checks, which-the Cashier concealed, up*
; wards of 30,000. * ^
' - -- ** 2
' ' MI 1 inii^,. - ^ jjm

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