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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, July 26, 1836, Image 2

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rather exposes unripened grain to he
more injured. Ilence so far as regards
these two modes, ail who have made a
comparison, seem to concur in the opinion,
that stripping the corn of its tops and
and loaves, is a bad practice* W illiam
Catmicbael, of Virginia, has given us in
the Farmer's Register, his experiments in
this (natter, which go to corroborate the
conclusion we have drawn. He took,
promiscuously 100 ears from corn that
had been topped, and 100 ears from that
which hud not been topped, growing side
by side. The first weighed.
On the cob, GO lbs.?shelled, 41 lbs.,
and measured 21 qts. 1 pt.
The other, weighed .">4 lbs.?shelled, 4G
lbs., and measured 20 tps.
Show ing a difference of nearly onc-ht'ih
to favor of the unstripped or untopped
corn. The fact is, that topping not
only prevents the further elaboration
0/the sap, which can take place in the
leaves, and which is necessary for the
'growth of the corn, but it deprives the
'grain of much that is already elaborated,
and on its way to the grain. If a fruit
tree is deprived of its leaves, before
the fruit lias attained its growth, or
mature lluvor, the fruit will no longer
grow, nor will it attain high llavor, for its
supply of elaborated food, or vegetable
blot)d, is cut off by the loss of leaves.
We have noticed this particularly in the
Satisfactory experiments have not been
made to determine, whether it is most advantageous
to cut the crop when the grain
is merely glazed, or to wait till it is perfectly
ripe. This will depend upon the
amount of loss, if any, in the grain, by
early harvesting,?the relative value of
* - ? ??.1
ttie grain ana toauer, anu iue pruspcn ui
both being injured by early frosts?for
neither arc liable to suffer from frost after
the crop has been cut and put into shocks.
Tt is to be noticed, that in early cutting,
the stalks are succulent, and abound in
elaborated sap, on its descent from the
leaves to the grain, and that this supply of
food to the grain continues to improve,
though we think it likely that the that undergoes
some trilling diminution. But if
frost is likely to intervene before the completc
maturity of the crop, there is no
doubt but the corn will suffer less in shook
than it will standing, while the fodder will
be materially injured by frost. Admitting
that there is a small loss in grain by
early cutting, though it is undoubtedly
less than when it is topped, the difference
in the value of the fodder, under the two
modes of management, is vastly in favor of
early harvesting. Wc do not pretend to
calculate to a nicetv. the difference in nu
~ mf '
tiitious properties, of corn stalks cut in a
succulent state, early in September, well
cured and well housed, and those left
standing till October or November in the
field, but we should think it fifty per cent.
Well cured corn stalks aiTord an excellent
winter food for neat cattle; and when
fouder is likely to be in demand, they raav
be made to contribute largely to the profits
of the farm. Several of our acquaintance
have kept their neat stock almost
entirely upon this fodder during the past
wjnter, and we have done the like, having
first cut ours in a cutting machine; and so
far as we can learn, the cattle kept upon
them are ?n excellent condition.
The preceding considerations justify us
in recommending that in the management
of the Indian corn croj), the following rules
be observed, at least partially, so far as
to test their correctness:
1. That the corn harrow and cultivator
be substituted for the plough in the culture
of the crop.
2. That the plants be not hilled, or but
slightly so?this not to prevent the soil being
often stirred and kept clean. And,
3. That in harvesting, the crop be cut
at the ground as soon as the grain is glazed.
The Roman Cato has left farmers the
two following maxims:
1. Never to work within doors when
there is any thing to be done without.
? N<?vnr fo do in lair weather what
may be done in wet.
Contents of the So. Agriculturist for July 1836.
Original Commucations. An Address
delivered before the Horticultural
Society of Charleston, at the Anniversary
Meeting, May 5th, 1S36 ; by Joel R.
Poinsett, Esq. Answers to " Edisto Island
by Beaufort. On the Working
and Thinning of Cotton ; by Old Homespun.
Advantages ofincreasing Slip Potatoes
; by Z. AgriculturalEduration.
Selections. On the Manner and
Time of Employing Overseers ; by Edward
W. Hubard. Rules to be observed
n Mn nnirpmnnt nf Live Stock?the
manner of nursing Calves; by A Father.
Essay on Calcareous Manures. Analysis
of Soils. Smut in Wheat; by F. Sea
Sand as Manure for Potatoes, &c. Remedy
for the Croup. The Silk Business
beginning in Petersburg. Queries relative
to the Culture ofSiik; by William
Imlay. A Silk Growing Country. Beetiloot
Sugar; by Mnx'n. Isnnrd. Ruta
Baga, Mangel Wurtzcl, .and Carrots.
Cause of die Decay of Peach Trees ; by
Solomon J. Scott, M. D. On Ruta Baga,
Nos. 1 and 2 ; by Winthrop. State
Policy on the Silk Culture.
Miscellaneous Intelligence. Salsify.
-Demand for Silk. The Primitive
Earths. Beet Sugar. Honey a.cure for
the Gravel. Cure for Chilblains. Cheap
White Paint. A cheap Green Paint.
General Education. Education. A Parishoner.^The
export of Boots and Shoes.
Reason for being a Bachelor.
A gentleman of New York- has given
$15,000 for the support of domestic missions
in the Episcopal church. OntJ.third
fopthc State df New York, the remainder
lor the south west.?
Charleston, June 3. J
| Santa Anna.?The following extract of t
i a letter from an officer in the Texian Naj
vy, to his relative in this city, gives a porj
traiture of Santa Anna, calculated to mingle
unqualified contempt with the abhor
i rence which the cruellies of that monster <
; in human shape universally inspired.
"Galveston Bay, June 20. ) ,
"Texian Armed Schooner Invincible. \
" I have seen Santa Anna, and the rest
I of the Mexican prisoners, the most im- i t
! portunt of whom is Alinonti. Santa Anna j s
is a very ordinary looking man, and the ! i
greatest coward the w orld ever produced, j r
As a proof of this, I will give you an in- J t
stance that came under my own observn-. t
tion. He and his ollicors were sent on ! f
hoard of our vessel at A elasco, for safe J
keeping, lie had not been with us over a (
i few days, when the people became dis- ' i
i 1,
! suusneu, aiiu svui mi nun. ;is auwii uj i
he was informed of this, he judged our I c
people by his own, and thought they were j ]
j going to butcher him. The wretch ex- j I
i claimed in Spanish.-41 Mercy, mercy ! j
i Oh God ! if they wish to kill me, let them
come and shoot me here?don't let them j
take me ashore. We could not persuade ;
j him that his life wns safe. He rushed j
| below, and like a Turk, took Opium to ; (
j drown his sorrws. As soon as the effects
j of the drug were over, we hurried him v
] over the side of the vessel, into the long L
| boat ; and as he went the tears trickled j J!
| dowu his pusillanimous cheeks, and i a
i 'His coward lips uid from their color fly, ' c
'And that same rye whose bend dotli awe all | s
'Did lose its lustre* ^ .* c
. , # ' t
His friend, Alrnonti, is a dark thick set
; man, speaks Knglish perfectly well, has ;
: travelled thiough the United States, is ifc
! very talented, affable, and extremely winninj;
in his manners?I consider hitn n |
J O ^ j ^
i "renter villian than Santa Anna, because i r
! like a serpent, lie only embraces to sting,
j whereas you can read deceit and indifftr-1'
ence in Santa Anna's countenance, and j1
you knoio what to expect."? j1
New-Orleans July f?.? Texas.?The \r
i steamer, Caspian. Capt. Read, arrived at .
j a late hour last evening, bearing the intelli- ; n
| gencethat 7,000 Mexican troops, compo- ; (
1 sed in part of those who were permitted to J*
j retire from Texas after the revengeful bat- ! (
| tie ofSan Jacinto, and the remainder fresh 1 j
j recruits from Mctamoras, had taken up j t
j their line of march upon Texas about* the ,
, 20th ultimo, and reached the Guadaloupe. j
Brigadier Gen. Rusk, commander-in- j
chief of the Texian army, having discover-}
cd their approach and fearful numbers, |
j had retreated, in order to select a favora- , |
' ble position, in which to receive his blood- v
j thirsty enemies, in a manner compatible *
! with their.''honor" and "dignity." I
j We understand that a private letter was 1
received in town by the C. from INatchi- 1
j toches, confirming the above.
Tho sloop Supply of New Bedford, (
i while bound from Sew Orleans to Tarapi- j
j co, was driven ashore by contrary winds (
140 miles south of the mouth of the Rio
| Bravo del Nort, on the 24 May. While
j the crew were endeavoring to get the vesj
sel afloat they ware attacked by four Mcx
i icans from the shore. The arm of the r
; captain was broken and one of the seamen ! (
1 who was pursued on shorn was supposed j ^
j to be murdered. The cause of the attack I
wus probably vexation because the Amer;
icans have rendered so great aid to the ,
i \
? The New Orleans papers contain a ;
(letter from Gen. Houston addressed to j:
| Gen. Duniap of Nashville Tennessee, da- t
ted Near Sabine, Ju/'y 2, from which we !
make the following extracts : j
' The enemy in large numbers arc said [
to be in Texas ; their force is estimated at |
I from 8 to 12,00." "They will be easily ^
routed bv a very inferior force; tor a por- j
| tion of that force we shall be obliged to jr
' look to the United States; it cannot reach {3
i us too soon. There is but one feeling in I *
Texas, in my opinion, and that is to estab- j*
| lish the independence of Texas, and to be j1
attached to the Uni'.ed States." "The jc
f t i
; troops who were driven from Texas, I un- 1
| derstand, refused to return, under any cir- j ?
| cumstances. They returned home mise- ;1
; rable, disheartened and naked."
The following is an extract of the Con- 11
Istitution of Texas. Jt
fZ clmll kfiim
OCtllUII Ui I IIV L It'siuviu OIIU1I nutv : v
power to iiil all vacancies that may hap-; t
pen during the recess of the Senate ; but . t
ho shall report tho same to the Senate \ i
| within ten days after the next congress shall \ <j
I convene; and should the Senate reject the : f
I same, the President shall not renominate ! ,j
the same individual. x. !c
ne\v-orlean3, jri.y 6?Texas.?Tho schr. Col. | 0
' Fannin, arrived this day from Volasco. , a
! By a passenger wo arc informed that the Mcxi- j1
can troops were advancing towards Gaudaloupe, ' n
where the Texicaa troops were posted, but who | [
it was presumed, would march towards tho Col. j
arado. i *
Col. M. B. Larmar, late Secretary at War, had I t
been raised to the chief command ofthc Army,
and .Mr. Sommcrvillc appointed in his place as 6
| Secretary. n
! Tho people wcro returning from their farms
' and cotton plantations in great numbers, tlock- ^
f ing to their country's standard h"
Wo aro informed that the .Mexican forco on t<
the Rio Grando amounts to 10,000jncn, and that
i the Texian army were at present quartered at j
Labordie. j v
! a
The Lords* amendments to the Irish jP
Corporation Reform Bill wero rejected in
the British House of Commons, June 10th, v
by a majority of 86. The votes were 324
to 238. The announcement of the ma- fi
jority, being an increase of 14 upon the ma- tl
jority which carried the original bill, was I
receivod with loud cheers. s<
There were rumors of approaching chan- p
ges in the French ministry. It was said v
' that Marshal Maison was about to retire, p
1 and would be succeeded by General 0ui!- 1<
eminot, or Marshal Moritor. Also, that
kf. Duchatel, late Minister of Commerce,
I'ouIJ succeed M. D'Argout in the Minisry
of Finance.
Steam Plough.?A Mr. Hcathecote,
nember of Parliament for Tiverton, has
nvented and constructed a very powerful
?tcam Plough, with which the following
(xperiment was made, in presence ofsevral
other M. P.'s, and other persons incrested
in agriculture.
u About six acres of raw moss were
timed up in a most extraordinary style,
ods eighteen inches in breadth and nine
, ?
nches in thickness being cut from theturow,
and completely reversed in position,
lie upper surface of the sod being placed
xactly where the surface bad been beore.""
The invention is deemed at present too
omplox and costly for common ngricultual
purposes, and Mr. II. himself thinks it
rould not be proper to employ it in relaiming
a smaller portion of bog than
, , .. 1.?
o(H) or acres, uiougn n may jhuuuily
be simplified and cheapened.*
English Paper.
The mail has commenced running from
'olumbus to Montgomery, Ala.
From the Columbus Enquirer of the 14th.
ie learn that the regiments of the Ceor;ia
militia have been dismissed, and have
eturned home. From the same paper we
Iso learn that a party of the Alabama fores
had had an encasement with a conP
iderable body of Indians on Cowagee
reck. The whites uumbercd fort)*, Dinner
oflndians not known. Twenty five
undred or more in all of the Indians have
tar ted for Arkansas.
The same paper contains an extract
row a letter giving an account of the cn;ngemcm
<?f Col. Beal with the Indians
ii the Chickasawhatchie swamp. After
uarching four miles in mud and water
rom knee to waist deep, they saw the Inian
tents at a distance on dry land, and
oon aftershotan Indian whom they saw.
Che Indians rallied and fought about 20
ninuL'?, when they were charged upon
nd routed, after having been disconcerad
by the death of the chief who led them.
L'hey left 13 of their dead "besides an inredible
quantity of beef, bacon, horses"
lie. The number of Indians is supposed
o have been about 300; that of the whites
ras 275.
Fcrrt Heifcman, Florida*
Black Creek, July 11.
After the death of Major Ilcileman, the
wo mounted Companies were ordered to
AiKTiicfinn An pvnress from (Jov.
.... I ^ ^
'all, brings orders for Major Ricly to
>rocecd to Fort Drane, and have that
tost broken up, they will reiriove to Mi:anopy
with the force. His order says he
vill he there on the first of August, with
,000 men from Tennessee and the Flortla
Militia. He proposes to take the whole
'orce at that time, and march down upon
he Indians.?
August c, July 16.
" We have nothing new except that
>00 Indians have escaped from the Troops
it Fort Mitchell, and fled into the swamps.
)ur Troops had a fight with them, and
cere beaten ofl."
Oar readers are aware that we last spring Ji
* 1 " " ?* f..-? ?kn?,V.n
CCICU pUDlXC aitrnilOJl IU Uiu iavi uiai mu
prcad of the small pox in Marlborough at that
ime and all the deaths which it caused wore to
ascribed solely to the steam doctors. Having
lot the least knowledge (a9 all intelligent men
cquainted with them know) of the organs
rhich compose the human frame?or tho strucuro
of these organs?or the diseases to .which
hey are liable?or tho symptoms by which these
liseases aro ascertained to exist, and by which
he}* arc distinguished?or of the remedies appro>riate
to each?or tho tirno and mode of apply,
rig tiiesc remedies with safety?or tho specific
fleets of particular remedies on particulars
rgans. or of any thing else necessary to quality
hem for tho treatment of disease; they still by
iigh sounding and confident pretentions gulled
heir unsuspecting and too credulous neighbors
o give them employment as physicians, and
hen when called to a caso of small pox, mistakag
it for measles, they permitted visitors to frcucnt
the sick room, till the discaso became inactions
and many took it, several of whom
ied. Now during tho whole lime that tho disaso
is infectious and for some time beforo it beomrs
so, the symptoms arc so distinctly marked
nd they aro particularly so very different from
lose of measles that, as we remarked on a forler
occasion, any negro not an idiot, might be
lught in loss than an hour by a person of eometont
knowledge to distinguish the one from
he other.
At the blunders of the steamers no one, we
appose, was surprized. Similar blunders they
rnst, from the very nature of tho ease, be connualiy
making. But every diseaso has not,
ke small pox, a property by which it proclaims
> the world their blunders. In ordinary cases
'they mistake tho disease, or tho organ on
hich it falls, or tho remedy which is called for,
ad, in consequence of tho mistake kill their
iticnt, there is no ono present who can detect
le error, and tho death is ascribed only to the
tolcnce of the disease.
After a struggle of more than two months
ora tho timo when we first called attention to
lis subject, threo of tho steamers, Messrs James
i. Terry, Elias Sinclair and Robert! J. Steele,
:rewod up their moral courage to the sticking
Dint ventured upon a defenco in tho Fayette,
ille Observer. They must have believed tho
ablic to be a great gullible booby roady to swu!.
i\v any thiirg." And perhaps wo ought to con
siilcr such belief natural enough after they had
| found men ready so lhr to credit their preten'
sions to medical skill as .0 entrust their lives in
| their hand?.
Thoir ground of defence was that at tan stage !
! of small pox when they wero called to the first
I case, it is not distinguishable from measels.*
I .
After stating (with a hand pointing to tho state,
j ment)that they were called to the first case "before
tho eruption" they quote in juxta position, from
Thomas' practice of Medicine, the symptoms of
small pox and measles as laid down by that writer
before tho eruption, and then add with an air of
great triumph, now "tell us how you would
; teach an ignorant .Marlborough negro to distin|
guish the two diseases, particularly at the tiino
j when the steam doctor pronounced tho disease j
j to be measles."
( To this we answered first: that by taking j
i iTound iu their defence which referred only to '
I the stago of small pox before tho eruption, they
but the more palpably exposed theit ignorancoof
! tho. disease ; because it is not infectious until
[ after the eruption: and secondly, that according to
i tho symptoms of the two diseases as quoted by !
themselves, and relied upon to prove the impossibility
of distinguishing them, there are present
; in measles and absent in . mall pox, " effusion of
* tears" 44 swelling of the eyelid" 44 frequent I
sneezing and a discharge of acrid water from the
! nose." Now ho must ho an idiot unless both deaf Si
i blind, who can't be taught in loss than an hour to
j distinguish a disease in which theso symptoms
j are present from one in which they are absent;
' ? .. . .. ?? ?,? .-V11- ! _. _ !
I ana tnui paiieni W HO iaiis iriiu mu nanus ui a. i
J "doctor" confessedly unablo to discriminate a
\ frequently sneezing from a non-sneezing patient
| is fortunate if nothing worse befalls him than
1 mistaking his small pox for measles.
The reply of the courteous and well bred geu'
tlemen is, "falsehood," " You misrepresent oil
i statements," "We never asserted that small pox J
j w#s contagious before eruption," "We never conI
tended for the impossibility of distinguishing
i small pox from measles. We only intended to
! impress the public that ns a majority ofthe most
! prominent symptoms worn precisely similar any '
[ one would be liable tu mistake the disease.''
i Well, courteous sirs, you Iwvc a right to ini
tcrpret your own language. If you knew as you
! now allogn that small pox is not infectious till !
I a Iter the eruption, what becomes of your defence
which relates only to thestngo before eruption?
If A is charged with killing D on the first of July
what does it avail him to prove an alibi on the
first of January 1 14 A majority" of the marks
which in natural history characterize the horso
: and the ass aro " precise!}* similaryet a mail
- * - * ? *
I contractor must be a creature or a tmcR scuu
if not of long cars who would receive this
similarity as an excuse from his agent for buying
asses instead of stage horses.
I They ask how we could have prevented the
| spread of the disease when ten persona took the
infection at once and were confined by it about
tho same time. We would have collected them
as near together as convenient and prevented the
intercourse of all persons Iiab'o to tho disease ;
| and thus wc repeat, we, or any other physician
I would have prevented all tho deaths which ocj
The question between us and tho steamers is
whether if a well informed physician had been
called to Mf. II. Smith when the steamers were,
| he would havo discovered tho nature of the discaso
' in time to prevent its communication to others.
Wc repeat, for the benefit of our .Marlboro' noighbors,
facts which wo formerly stated in the Fayettcvillo
Observer and which must sottlo this
question. Tho first ease of small pox ever seen by [
ourselves we attended as pliysician, and wo discovered
it to be small pox us soon us tho eruption
appeared, &, before the disease became infectious,
which enabled us to prevent its spreading. A
friend of ours some years since sickened at a
public house below Cieo: Town without any suapicion
of the character of tho di&xjase. His ph}'- i
sician, when tho eruption appeared and beforo
the disease became infectious, saw from the symp- {
toins that it was small pox. Proper measures
were of course taken to prevent its 6prca<L A
similar ease oefcurred on Society Hill a few years
sinco, and another in this town. About thirty
negroes who wcro not protected against the small
pox were in the habit of daily intercouso with the
patient in the last mentioned case till the disease
manifested itself so plainly by tho eruption that
the physician in attendance had him separated
and yet not ono of thcin took it. Now these
I facts prove that if a physician had been called
to Mr. Smith when tho steamers wcro mai no
would have prevented tho spread of tho disease,
and no deaths would have occurred from it, for
all who took it from the wagoner recovered It
is plain then that every death from small pox in
Marlboro1 or its neighborhood last spring is to
be ascribed solely to the steamers.
Thoy ask " if" our own patient referred to
above " should unfortunately dia before tho eruption,"
what then ? why if wo wcro as ignorant
as a steam doctor ; if we could not see what organs
were affected, or what functions deranged ;
if we had brought ou inflamation of stomach and
if we had then killed our patient by emetics or
in any other way, then wo would, thus far, havo
been as guilty as a steam doctor. But there is
another guilt of somo other men not a thousand
miles off which we would not havo incurred.
For we would at oncoand forever in deep ponitcnco
havo quit tho practice of medicine. Wo
would as soon kill men on the highway for their
i money as in uiu mca room.
The steamers most piteously lament that some
one else hail not prevented tfio small pox from
coming into their neighbourhood. 44 Would that
ho had" they exclaim, then 44 he as well as us
would net have been so belaboured." Oh that
sonio one else had informed 44 us" what disease
44 ua" were called to treat, then 44 ii#'* would not
have been subjected the painful necessity of
exposing 44 us'a" ignoranco to all men as 44
now have b#en. Well it is not our intention to
44 belabour" you any further on the subject.
* They wero called to the oaso at tho commencement
of the eruption, when, to use the
language of one of themselves, 44 it was jiat in
the skin" and they drove it out better than ever
diplomatic doctor did moaslesWe
iearn from the Georgetown Union that [
Mr, Mitchell is not a candidate for Congress.
Dr. Smith of Society Ilill is the only Candidate
Vr that District of w hich wo have hear!. 1(
An Example far Boat Oirnxrs.?From a com.
munication by tho Rev. C. Breaker to the 1
Southern Baptist, wo learn that the lirmof Win.
Timmons & Co. of Darlington District, who run
pole boats from George Town to Timinons' bridge '
on Lynche'e Creek, had strictly forbidden the 1
transportation of distilled spirits on their boats, )
and had directed their agent in George Town not
to permit the article on any account to be put on j
bo ird. It was still done, however, in barrels
marked "Wine."' The owners, from some cause,
suspecting the fraud, examined tiitve barrels thus j
marked and found them filled with W hiskcy. |
They immediately knocked out the heads of the |
barrels and enipt red the contents upon the ground. (
I Laving expunged a paragraph or two from j
the communication announced last week, the |
writer withdrew it and handed us the following 1
in its stead.
A* T am not nennitted to answer the Com- ,
. 1 - T ?
mittce ot Arrangements on equal ground, I (
have concluded to let their communication go
"all alone in its glory."
We learn from flie Camden Journal that Camden
Dink Stock shares are now selling at an <
advance of twenty-two dollars per share. Only *
ten dollars on the share have been paid. I
New Novel by Mr. Simms.?The N. York :
Evening Post says that the Harpers have in t
press a new novel called the Millechamps by i
Mr. Simms. It is a continuation of the Parti- J
san. He is said also to be preparing another ^
work of fiction on a different subject.
Books were recently opened in Buffalo, N. s
York, tor subscription to a Bank with ?4(K),000 t
capital. The amount subscribed was near I
$2,000,000. I
A letter from London dated June !9th states I
that the weather was so wet for the wheat harvest
that tears are entertained of great inj ury to
the grain.
Unfinished Bmines* in Congress.?Ninety six 1
bills and two resolutions passed tho Senate last
session which were not acted on in tho House ?
and forty-five were passed by the House which |
wero not acted on in the Sonat?. This was in <
addition to business partly done and left unfinish- j
ed in each house. I
Sew Daily Paper in Sew York.?Mr. Brooks
late Rditor of the Portland Advertiser, and who |
nas acquircu jsoniu uisunwiuii us n icucr wnu-i
from Europe, has issued a prospectus for a new 1
daily paper in tho city of Now Vork, to bo called j
the Express. It w ill be of Whig politics.
Since the abovo was in type vc see tho paper j
has already been issued.
A man in Boston offered another with whom ^
ho had a quarrel G^ cents to strike hitn. The
offer was accepted ; whereupon the stricken par- .
ty indicted his assailant who was fiued $5 and '
costs. <
_ 1
Four young ladies have graduated in the le- (
male department of the Mississippi College.
Congress before its adjournment passed an
act granting the Franking privilege to Mrs- |
Bishop White of Pennsylvania died lately in <
the 89th year of his age. <
The Richmond Enquirer says that the Presi- 1
dent has despatched a message to Texas for *
-1 ? rv/Oiilxnl efofrt
TflC purpose OI ascertaining iu> jn-aiii^cn ciuw.. ^
A correspondent of the Joncsboro' (Tenn.) i
Republican, speaking of rhc volunteers for <
the Indian war from that State, savs : " In t
the ranks of the Sullivan Volunteers will be <
found, the obscuro citizen and the man of '
more elevated station?officers, froni the
Captain to the Brigadier General, and all
ages, from the stripling of sixteen to the
veteran of seventy. 1
It is said in some of the papers that Mr. j
Van Buren is about to marry Miss Marti,
Unparralleled discovery?highly important I? .
We 8co it stated in the Cheraw Gazette, that a ,
Steam Doctor in those parts, had discovered a 1
system by which he can muke out of an old man
an entire young man, and then have enough left i
to make a small dog ! This certainly must be
the celebrated " Ned Ruckcr" come amongst us. {
Ned did more than this, however : ho mud& ff. \
teen bona fide Delegates to the Batlimore Cau. '
CU3 out of?nothing. Western Carolinian'. ,
The Star ofMonday remarks that Mr. !
J. Q. Adams, the Ex-President, in the
House of Representatives, though never at |
a loss for words, read his culogium on the j
death of Madison. There was good rea- \
son for his departure from the usual j
mode of addressing the IIouSc on the oc- j
casion alluded to. Mr. Adams has cer- t
tainiy proved, during the session that has f
just closed, both his readiness and ability to j
address that body upon an impulse of the ,
moment, and upon the most unexpected
emergency. But the precaution of writing
out and reading his remarks upon the death
of James Madison must be allowed to have
been a wise one, inasmuch as we learn *
M n Un il* i # nuca t Ko cro nn
11 Ulll (111 UU31I ?<iih *. J v*w iiiivjj v> tux pwhv|
that it was with the greatest difficulty that 1
he could command his feelings sufficient!}' *
to enunciate even the written words spread '
out before him, so much was he affected
by the death of a man with whom ho bad .
been so long associated in public life.?JY. ;
lr. Express. 1
True, to the lettor.?Nat. Intelligencer. f
We are satisfied, from the information J
which lias already reached us, that the num- )
ber of killed and wounded, from want of
care or want of skill in firing salutes on the
late anniversary of Independence, has not ^
been less than fifty. Every mail brings us ^
news of one or more such accidents.
National Intelligencer.
Great Speculation.?The Terre Haute p
Courier, on the Wabash, (Illinois) states, p
that two millions and a halt dollors have c
been placed in the hands of an agent by a v
company in tho East, for the pnrposo of c
purchasing public lands on a rail road pro- ; t
jocfed by them in that State. ' i
The Fredericksburgh Arena says of
Mr. Madison:
We understand that he left, ready for the
rress, to which it will be forthwith given,
i report of the Proceedings of the Contention
which formed the Constitution, taten
at the time, with notes, &c., end a
;ompe?dious history of the events which
ed to the call of that Convention. The
rvork will make two large octavo volumes,
ind be published simultaneously in thi9
country, and in England. It is hazarding
ittle to say that no work of greater interest
and importance ever issued from
he American press. .His correspondence
md other writings will be published, from
time to time, and will constitute a mass of
the most valuable political literature in tho
language. r
He left-J-with the exception of legacies
to the amount ol $1500 to the Universe- ^
y, and another of $4000 to the Colonizairm
Snrinfv ? th#> .-f l.l.? ?
? j -..vie v>( ins csuuc iyj i~
Mrs. Madison, who is constituted sole ex:cutiix.?
Unfathomable Wells?The AUcgliiuy
Magazine, published in Pennsylvania*
states that a well was dug some years ago
n the great valley between the north and
south mountains in Franklin county, Pennsylvania
and another 30 or40ro<Udisant,
in Cumberland county the bottom of
vhich at the depth of 3G feet deep in each,
suddenly gave way, and a torrent of water
lowed up. A lead, with 50 fathoms of
ine ,was sunk without finding any obstrucion,
and the wells remain in the same *
state at present. The presumption, says
lie writer, is thrrt there is a substerranen
lake in that quarter, extending under the
iiase of the vast primitive ranges of moun
fains between the Susquehanna and Pittsburgh,
on the Ohio.
A man was lately hung at Mobile for
negro stelaing.
The Washington Globe contradicts the
report that the U. S. Bank has bought the
Government stock in that institution.
A correspondent of the Ciiarleston Courier,
in giving some account of a lectcrc
3n the silk worm by Dr. De La Motta before
the Literary and Philosophical Socicty
if that City says:
A rich saffron damask, bright as though
ust woven, but which had been worn by
:lio mother of General Pinckney, in 1765,~
>vas exhibited, which proves to the eye that
laturc invited us to the culture of this
jeautiful article of commerce. Chief Jusice
Pinckney, who visited England in
r??4% % i ??
r/oa, ioo(i wan mm siik produced on bis
)wn plantation, sufficient for the mami'acturc
of three dresses. One he retained ^
ind it is that which was exhibited; another
>vas presented to Lord Chesterfield, who
nstructcd our grandfathers in the laws of
.tiqucttc; and of the third we possess this
ictrce in the South-Carolina Gazette of
Vpril 3, 1755, in an extract from a LouIon
paper of Feb. 5,1755. > - - .
'Charles Pinckncy, Esq., otic of His
Majesty's Council of South-Carolina, has
lately had the honor to wnit on Her Royal
Highness the Princess of Wales, at Leicester
House, with a piece of silk damask,
if the growth and product of bis plantation
n that Province, and a fine blue with Carolina
indigo, which Her Royal Highness
was pleased to receive very favorably,and
to declare her satisfaction in seeing such
improvements made in the produce of our
Colonies; and so much approved of tbc
same that she will honor it with ber owt?
v earing."
rhis Princess was mother of George IU.
In the Soulh-Carolina Gaztte, June/3,
1759, we meet with this further infonnia/
tion relative to the attention devoty&d io
silk in our Stnte, previous to the R/evolu
JOIK % 4
(4It must give the friends of t^e public
;reat satisfaction to be informed of the
growing state of the silk culture) is this
State. S
"In the year 1757,1,552 weight in silk
jails were received at the filature in Georgia.
The last year 1758, 7,040 wero
produced. And this year, 1759, 10,000.
fhere has been received at Savanab con*
dderably above 20,000 lbs., though the
reason has not been favorable.
"This increase 19 to be imputed to the
lumber of new hands employed in raising
hat valuable article. It is remarkable
hat the raw silk exported from Georgia
sells in London from two to three shillings
n the pound more than that brought front
iny other part of the world. We have
eason to believe that many in this Provnce
too, will turn their attention to the
culture of silk."
Again, Cruch's paper of July 8? 76Gf
tdds this information:
"A silk Filature is about to ho fixed, at ?
_ - . . . . .1 A 4
he old school bouse u? tots iowd, oncer'
he direction of the Ber. Mr. Giber*, end
inder the inspection of several other gen* *
leuion. Tht Assembly hare toted on*
housand pounds for its estobtish^uut^
A cat-fish was recently caught in the
Mississippi, weighing 195. >A
New monthly periodica! has been
'stablished in New-York, called "The
Fewish Intelligencer," and edited by tho
Jev. Joseph S. c. F* Fret, the Jew.
jb convtrt.
The Crops?The Germantown (Pa.) '
Felegragh says there is cause, in that
icinity, for complaints of short crops of
the<it and rye. Many of the farmers had
iloughed down their wheat and rye, and
iut in oats, corn, potatoes, &c< In some
tarts of the State, however, as well as in
>ther States, according to that paper, tho
vheat and rye will produce a fair average
rop; and in Michigan, 8 great grain eounry,
these crops were never more promising,
nnd will afford an abundant
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