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Cheraw gazette. [volume] (Cheraw, S.C.) 1835-1838, May 17, 1837, Image 1

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51. mact.?:ax, k?itoji & raorunrroR. CilKUAW, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1837. vol. ii. xo. ?. .]
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It*|vii?iwithin three months. - - - ,i:|
II pai d within three taonths after the eh^e
ol the vonr. If
paid within twelve months after the
close of the year I. W?
If not paid within that time, - - - <*.
A company of ten persons t:i 1-ii:ilT t he piper :
tlie saute Po>; (titiee, shall l?o entiti-d to it at
provided tii? n.iiin's h?Mv?r\v.ird vi t w, at
eonnvmied i?y the Money.
No paper to he diseontinwd out at he <> ' !??'
of the Ihiitor till anvir. nr.- j?.ii I.
Advertisements inserted for T."> cents p- r siju m
or lcssthe lirsttiuie, and ,'?7A for each suhstupiCi
ins wtion.
Persons sending in advert"semonts are r
ed to specily the nnniht r of line's they are to i
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ordered out, and charged accordingly.
1L; The Postage m ;>! 1 paid oil all comm
?ra?Bmnriy sarruiw ^r^.1 uwjnca-t im \ ?v?\. . >jrr*?'zmrtxx.
T. P. Line, delivered before the II <vV,
JYt'c/r Temperance Convention. r.t L:J:
Swamp, .March IT(Ji, ISo7.
Fkiexds and Fellow-Citizens : ?
kv- At the present advance^ stage of ti?i
Temperance reformation, Pt would set 1
needless, before a pi ivileged assembly iik<
this, to dwell upon 1 lint train of horror
and ruinous evils whir : mark the progr. >
of intemperance. This branch of tin
subject iias been again and again present
eu in its most revolting and hideous as
pccts. We have had painted in true am
lively colors the blighting influence of tin
use of ardent si?i: its upon domestic enjoy
4 .
meat?ii|?on the prosperity an J peace o
1'amili s and ne.ghborhoods. We hav<
all, in sotn.! measure, witnessed i s ruin
oils influence upon tun civil, moral ami re
ligious condition of the world. W e h ;v<
seen families w'nere domestic peace vvitl
all its atlrac ive charms once dwelt?
wlierc a ?>0 1 name, which 4 is better thai
^ preciousoiiit.nen:,* once found an abode?
where the horn of plenty poured its treas
ures forth?reduced to contention. iafi
hi)' and bezgary, and tn" h iplos children
instead of c;?j n i l!ie benefit of a blame'
less example, and the me tns of educatio:
and improvement, planted in the path o
ignorance and vice, and nurtured in th
school best lit cd to nuke titem lonthsom.'
scourges of their race in tins world, an.
ft assoc.ales of d noons in the world t<
come, We have se :< the man of loft)
bearing and prid of cliaracter suliicien
to elevate him to his proper rank anion
his fellows, and make him a blessing to iii
In- i!:-? ruthless hand n
iiiwv.9 on i|H wj ? .? -
Bacchus, of his own self-respect?of ev
cry tender sensibility- -oft-wry generous
manly sentiment, rcduo ?l so low that in
can feel no mercy for thos upon w!:ou
lie lias brought wrctclnvitrrss mid ruinno
commiseration for the4 beggared uifl
and infant pledges of iier husband's. love
whosigh i:i vain for protection." .\o. lie i
pas* sighing even for ids own baseness.?
Conscience stilled and seared, has cease,
to lift its monitory voice, and if, de.nl !<
the common feeding- of humanity?to ai
justice and right?'pay-is .lirongu hi
probation arrayed in the trophies of ge.il
and rioting in the spoils of innocence.
Mor are we without sad traces of tlx
influence of intemperance upon tlic con
dition of civil Society. Here we Isavi
had occasion to lament its debasing ten
dencv. We have heard how large a pro
portion of criminal cases m car courts o
justice have been traced to this origin
The turmoil of the court yard?the con
fusion and strife of tlxstmet?tiicobscen<
and lilthy language anu blasphemy t<
whtcli it has given rise, proclaim i:s degra
ding and brutal dominion. The govern
ment groans under its inllncnce in the ig
c 3
norancc and corruption which it cngon
ders, and the o; porunity which is thorcbj
alforded to selfish and d esigning dcina
gogucs successfully to appeal to the bas<
passions of human nature, and thereby
undermine the bulwarks of freedom?bias
the hopes of patriotism and bring abon
the reign of anarchy and confusion.
I>ut its effects is pen the social and civi
condition of society arc *ubordiuaic t<
those which it exerts upon the moral am
religious world. Here is it s baneful iullu
ence most sensibly felt and most deep!
deplored. True, wc have reason to ho pi
and believe that the light which, in tliev
latter days has been shed upon the cor.sc
cos of this ruinous ha* well nig!
it not entirely thrown it beyond the pa!
of tho christian dun ii is Iiopcd In:
in this day of increasing iight and ucccl
Jcrated moral w nova ion, tlictv arc feu
very few of these \v!io have vowed obedi
ence to God, and taken upon them the so
enin profession cf the pure?holy?scl
denying religion cf Chrst, who have in
spurned the poisonous draught, and free!
and heartily rallied under the banner <
Temperance. Thanks to the cause an
its great promoter, that it is so. It pr<
sents a pleasing and happy contrast wit
the past. For there are lew of us soy out)
as not to be able to look back to a perio
when intemperance was one of the cry in
curses of tiic church?the fruitful sourt
of alienation lrom God, and of consequet
lameness and deficiency in all tin? dutit:
of religion?when it dried up tiic foantaii
of devotion?closed the avenues ol benei
olent effort and philanthropic charity-diminished
the sympathy ol brother I
brother, and opened the llocd-gates (
corruption and poured in tiic waters ol Id
terncss and strife. Thus has the Savioi
been wounded in the house of his friend
and a deep and lasting injury inllictc
upon his cause which till the blessings (
reformation mav neve?* repair. The
** ?*ra' * 1 n.??i t > i?m?i^i". nr.fi" " J
' fects i I'sMcii an example are tr:i!v awful, I
i and their nature and extent beyond any j
estimate that we can make. The church j
is the liijht of tho world. How fearfully
, responsible! How awfully solemn her
i position! How many are there who..
though they follow the maxims of the world,
' and are the 4 victims of vice and the votaries
of pleasure,* are yet wont to look up
,;1 to the church as the true standard of ex- j
celience and of duty. And in its past ;
*' history in connexion with this subject, it is |
u ' not for us to know?the records of eternitv
alone will disclos? how many a poor
victim was first Li! by the rxamble ol
christians, to (juaff the intoxica:in?_r cop.
ami was thus placed beyond tlie influence
of ki.idly admonition ami remonstrance,
and at last piuaircd into that awful world
where no wayward step can be retraced?
m? nloa for oar Ion heard. \\ iiile wc can- I
J I ? I t I
1 not but r gard the past with solemn and
r mournful ciiio ion:?, lot us loo!; forward j
with buoyant hope to the future, in the j
confident expectation that l!i? Mini j
of righteousness, now that the cliurcli is j
redeemed from the thraldom of this fatal j
abuse, ivill-tdriae with yet more penctra- |
? / t:nsr rays, and more brilliant and benign j
j effulgence; and the church assume its'
! t . !
true position, and exert its appropriate j
' . iiiilucnce of acting as sail to save a cur- !
* i rupt and degenerate world.
i lie happy effects which ha\e followed !
! temperance associations, surely canno' 1
' have escaped the notice of the most care- i
less observer. Is thcr- ?can there be a '
{>!nlantiir??j)isi hero, at all informed o;i this
. subject, who watches with an eye of anx- j
ions concern, every scheme which benev- j
oh nee may prompt an J wisdom sanction. |
to moliora'c the condition of his follow
creators, who, in glan ing over the instructive
history of tin* past, can bring
1 himself for a moment to question their
utility.?or to hold back bis hearty npJ
nrovai ? his cheerful support? The time
- . .
for the agitation of such a question, it is j
hoped, has long sie.ee passed. Let us
then for a few moments glance at some j
1 few of the causes which have operated
to retard the progress of the temperance
reformation, an i one or two incitements
' to continued and energetic action.
Jt litis heen often remarked ilitit it takes
lite world along while to learn wisdom.
In tin? ages and ages which have been
J numbered witii the pa>t since the world j
' began, how manv debasing evils have 1
t . *
' characterizedeach, and have been patronf
' I ...l I I... fl.^c !,^ ,,r.
iz.'u,or a. ic>?> itj?.i(iii~n i<> > 4.?w- j
copied the post of standards of the pubic |
' virtue?conservators of the public weal? J
And in the mennw idle, how many si h nv s j
' have been devised by Philosophers, Phi- |
3 lunthrop sts and Christians to meliorate j
' the condition of fallen man and elevate
the standard of national and social happiness;
livery successive era Iras been
' marked by its peculiar enterprises, which
> have been frefjui-nllv ns magnificent in
" their conception as faulty and fusil-' in
1 their oxoru'ion. Kevohtticn h is follow, j
' e i rcvohition?change lias succ eded '
J 1
change?volume upon volume has been
5 written to eniigh on the minds and guide
tlieerring judgments ot men. And yet
bow slow the progress of reformation.?
" Alcn have 'resolved and re-resolved and
then resolved again/ And why has it
" been so ? Aside from a native depravity,
tlry have pursued the bubbles of their own
conception, and in their towering pride. |
* have made reason the Magnus Apollo of I
* their revcrouci?the Cod of their idolatrv, :
% I
and have been led by its dim lights into ;
2 1 the mazes of doubt and difficulty, and to I
5 the mortifying experience of signal dc- j
feat. Put that such should have been the j
fa to of theories of doubtful practicability,
and questions of abstruse philosophy,
need not excite surprise, nor occasion
1 those melancholiv emotions which are
necessarily excited bv the fact?evincive
? as it is of the depraved nature of man,
* tiiat the plans of benevolence?so simple
* in their conception?so practical and liapI
py in their results, should have been so
seldom resorted to?so lamely ex' cuted.
II The sacred Scriptures tell us that the?
' * wisdom of the world is foolishness with
-1 Ciod.' And hence the very simplicity of
"' the means requisite to effect the reformav
. tion wc are now considering, which, as |
R ' was appropriately remarked on a prcvi.
u oils occasion, bespeaks i s divine origin,!
* operates as a barrier to their adoption.? J
'? How shall the great temperance reform
e be accomplished/ Why, simply by total
ll abstinence. Its very simplicity is abhor'*
rent to the proud heart of man?quite too
"> simple for the lolty hearing of the im-;
* mortal mind, beneath the dignity of any j
; save those of the most moderate calibreand
I- the humblest pretensions. Propose sonic i
d grand scheme which requires in its prose- J
y cution and accomplishment, the exercise |
>t of giant powers, and be it I topian or be it
d not, it receives spirited advocacy and!
' heart v co-operation. The simplicity of!
h tho Gospel is too Immble for the pride of'
i'<1 man. The way faring man, though a fool,
d need not err therein, and hence its rcjeci?
lion. 'The dnv of small things,' is dc13
spised, and hence the tardv progress of
H reformation, and the absolute necessity of
-s coming up to the plain and simple and
is heavenly requirements of the Gospt 1.?
' Let us not thon incur the guilt and folly of
- ' refusing to do any tiling because we mav
r not he aide to do great things. The
d ; world s made up of individual particles,
? i and if each hut act out the intention of
r the creator in proportion to tho ability bcS
stowed, the erand schemes of benevolence
d must and will prevail.
?! ]>ui the world has more readily learned
t.'-na practiced wisdom. And this $"ggf,.c?s
r: i 'J .j. 'i i. v rnrg^ynFT^aTOfg?B9CT
another harrier io flic temperance reform;
foil. The remark is not more trite tiia
t rue, that men are Jar wiser in theory lha
in practice.?much more orthodox in the
creed than in their lives. Had we r:o otht
test by which to determine the character <
men, titan that afforded hv their sentiment:
recorded or expressed, we might well I
sceptics in relation to the continual prom
ness to wrong, and the deep depravity oftli
human heart. We might well give vci
;o our admiration of the eiherial qurditiesthe
nobie attributes'?the lofty dignity c
human nature. Hut alas ! with all the prone
ness of men to self-elevation?with all th
motives winch pride and ambition can sti?
gest to puff and laud our race, we have th
sad evidence before us in our own, and th
lives and conduct of our fellow creature
around us, that though tliO 'spirit may b
Willi lilt? II'.'Sll IS W't'llK IMUUgU ill'-' linn
may conceive and the judgment approve c
lolly tilings, the man still cleaves to tii
dust. I low often in our intercourse wit
men do we discover their acute discernmei
of right. their apparent abiiorrcnee ofwronj
Tims verifying the Poets adage?
'They see the right, approve it too;
Condi inn tiie wrong and soil the wrong pursia
Y?-s. fellow-citizens, w e can all preach; w
may preach the doctrines of eternal trutii
L>i>; how few of us carry out in our dail
lives the principles we profess ? Let eac
one appeal :o ins own conscience and dc
cide tiie qn?*s ion.
The suggestions of a desponding snir
^ - ? I 1.^
iroiii tlie vastnessol tlic worK unuenaive
js ano her hindrance to the progress of tiii
cause. The field of labor is wide?the tic
ma.ion of habit powerful?the fearful prone
ness :o indulgence deeply rooted, and th
disposition to swim with the current and ii>
ten o tne svron song of sensual pleasun
ail present tiiemselves and east obstacles i
be wav. In their prononess to trust i
tiiemselves, to depend on their own strong !
men forget to take courage and comfoi
from the assurance given of divine aid i
every good work. We arc prone to sn
as dul a little company of whom we reai
who, when they saw the hosts of their ad
versarh s coming to meet them, nddressin,
themselves to their commander, e.vcia.met
how slrall we be able being so lew, !o lig;
against so great a nipuilnde and so s roup
' i
to whom 111 *r loader r? .pneu, i. is i.o nui
matter for many :o be shut i;r> i:: the hand
of a lew; and with the God of Heaven it i
all one to deliver with a great multitude, o
a smali company. For the victory of laid
standciii no. in the multitude of a host, bi
strength vomcth jrom Heaven. This is th
faiili tao lively exercise of vviiicii it is th
pnv.legc of ail to enjoy, and which thuscx
eiviscd will make foeble instrumentality di
means of compassing grand and gioriou
results. Woo tiien desponds ? The ban*
of God is in ilie work and it must prevail.
Moral con rag-: is a great desideratum to
wards liio cllec ual and speedy accomplish
ment of reformation. May we not just!
attribu e .o the absence of this very essen
tial quality, much of that barren plulanthrop
so rife in the world, which spends bself a
and is content with fruitless speculation
Have ue not reason to fear that the \vlioicj
some principle of caution is pushed to a
injurious extreme as a sort of shield to war
oifcxposure to self-sacrifice uud trial, whic
stern duty so imperatively demands? I
not the disposition too prevalent in men pre
fessing a moral caste of character, an
standing before the world as advocates c
the benevolent designs of the day, to plan
themselves upon the brink of the stream c
moral corruption, and as it were by mngi<
by a waive of the ha-tul, or a gentle remon
stranec endeavor to stay the lorrcnt, rathe
than throw themselves in the midst of it
turbulent and muddy waves, and brea;
with all their energies its fearful flow
Among the causes which induce this spir
is a disposition to consult present comfort
That there is such a tiling as cheap be
nevolencc is not more humiliating tha
true. Jt is evinced by a pi oneness 10 flot
with the tide?to connive at, and rather t
tolerate thecxistencsof evil than to assum
the unwelcome attitude of palpable rest:
tance. It is selfish?seeking the reward <
advocacy without being willing to pay th
charge,?desiring lor the sake ofconscieuc
that heavenly monitor which icill do il
work, 10 enjoy the s wee's resulting from th
practice ot Denevoience, iorgeumg nmi m
experience of hardship is the surest pr<
parativc lor enhancing the relish ol' con
The experience ol' tiic past has tcstifie
in regard to civil government, that there J
little need of governmental restrictions t
quell iho spirit of rebellion, cr prevct
revolution. Men are naturally fond <
case?indisposed to innovation?so nine
so that not unfrequcntly the existence ol at
kuowJedged abuse is tolerated, and the a:
sumption by rulers of undelegated and lea
Jul powers, is rather acquiesced in than r<
sisted. Submission to arrogant misrule an
cruel tyranny is prelercd to the presci
, self-sacrifice requisite to successlul rcsi
lance. Like the patient who refuses tl
nauseous prescription of the physician, c
who, while ho acknowledges the necessii
| of amputation, declines the painful opcr;
! tion- Procrastination is prefered to j>rc
I cut effort, it may be in the vain hope th
, the future, by a sort of necessity will elFe
i a favourable change, or die wheel of forlut
; in its uncertaii.'aud fitful revolutions, w
throw at their door, the blessings thev d
. o
sire, but for v.hicii they are unwilling
strive. It is so in the moral work!. M(
even modify and adulterate thc truth in o
dcr to oppcase opposition, and hence tJ
I fearful spread of corruption, and the tare
| progress of renovation. The moral cou
| age which impels the missionary to take I
j life in his hands, and encounter the vario
' dangers and trials which lie in the path
I* M J WUJt UMBJlMi -T-Wi '!>_? JJ,
i- his duty?to count all the blessings of c.v,n
iiized life?nil the endearments of country
n and home as 'weighed in the balances and
ir found wanting,' in contrast with the glory
;r of God and the good of man, is a grand
if prerequisite to success in this, as in every
s, good work. While we cannot but applaud
in and admire, let us also endeavor to emulate
i. such instances of the exercise of this carlo
dinal virtue, as are atlbrded us in the living
it | example of the noble and dauntless Kincaid,
- who, when rudelv assailed by a company of
>f i barbarians, and peremptorily ordered to
). cease the proclamation of the "new reli- j
c j gion," sternly replied to his presuming die-1
r-! tutors that though the loss of both h:s arms.;
a ' though the forfeit of his iiead were the con- j
e sequence, he must proclaim the Gospel c?i
:s j Christ 10 the perishing heathen. "1 fear
ie God more than Kings,and h:s command is
d to preach the Gospel in ail the world. '
>f Let us now glance at one or two inccn
ej'ivea io renewed aim persevering uunuu.
!i | First then, tlie result of j?:;si efforts?the
it J progress winch temperance has made. Al5.
j though wehavecndenvoreJ 10 sugg< st some
j of the causes that have operated to retard
its progress, wo have abundant cause oi
;; rejoicing and gratitude that in the midst of
L, 1 ditlicuity, its career has been onward?its
j triumphs great. The number of societies
v | now i:i tiie United S ates is estimated al
;j! 9000, all opera4ing .0 condense information
.. and disseminate ligii', and tints exerting necessarily
a powerful influence which must 1
jf at no distant day, eventuate in a most happy
n ! and glorious triumpii. Light is what is
s ' wanted in regard to the true nature of the j
. I evii, and the extent of its ravages. There
I w I
1 are in in every community men armed with 1
e | enough of moral courage, and scif-drniul,
when light breaks in upon tliem, to put forth j
! their energies mi J influence in this *jront i
n [ w ork. A spirit of inquiry lias already beep
n i awakened which lias spread ironi neighbor,
I hood to neighborhood, from countrv to'
,.j! country, until if has well nigh embrace:]
,j ! the civilized world. 1: lias even reached
v j barbarian nations. Strange as it may a{>
\t' pear, Asia, ignoran', sensual, benighted
. I though it be. is testifying in favor of Tenij,:
peranoe. Let chris'enn'om stand rebuked
|? by an c.wunplc'so striking and fins niciive, at j
jj :in.'same time that it rejoices in so plowing a !
r. I presage of theultimate prevalence ol litis
d | biesscu rejormatio:). i.; Curmah we loan#
s ! its * fleets have been most inanihst and l?nj?s
: py. Indulgence in intoxication is !here I cr
ginnng to be regarded as utterly incom0i
paiibie wi ll t!u christian profession; and in
;t families where ardent spirits were once ade
minis.ered to children as a daily beverage,
e they arc growing up without so much as hav.
. ing tasted th(?fatal drug. A change so stire
prising and radical cannot ha* be attended
g with most important results, both in anulioLl
rating t!ie temporal condition of that degra.
nrwl nnnnmrr fli/? H'flW I
UtU |irujl|v> liliti IIJV. ?? ?? y jv.
reception of the Gospel ofCiirist. lutem.
. perance and the religion of the Bible are as
? utterly irrconcilablo as darkness and light?
y ! i - . o
; the one must be banished before the other
v can prevail. Let us then, in view of tho
\y pervading and happy influence of Temper.
1 ancc Associations, thank God and take
.. courage. Reflecting upon the pleasing pro. ,
n gross already made, let us look forward to
j a progress yet more rapid, while we rememh
her that in no other enterprise are there
s clearer indications of divine sanction and
favor. *
J The happiness resulting from a discharge
,( of duty?Irom a consciousness of Joing good
it is surely incentive enough to call forth evif
cry slumbering energy and rouse every
?f nerveless arm to the contest. My christian
friends, I need not ask you whether you
I. ~ lir? Invtimr nF ft.vurr frnnfl. i
J* IKIVU l/U lliv iU.\C4ljr Ui V?V(II^
s Ar j, at least, arc not strangers to t!ic feel5t
ing?you have often tasted?no doubt 1
7 many of you have drank keep at this Ibun- 1
it tain of pure, elevated, refined enjoyment, j
[. You are not strangers then to its excellence
?you know its superiority to all other enn
jovments. Hut I need not address myself
!t to christians alone. Tfccro is probably no
0 unbeliever here so insensible to this source
e T>f enjoyment as not to have tas'.cd somes.
what of its sweets. At the same time then
)[ that I would deprecate the indulgence of a
lC self-righteous spirit, I would say to such.
;e exercise yourselves in the paths of bene**[S
olcncc?cuitiva'e tiie better feelings of your
iC nalurc?seek diligently the approbation of
iC your own conscience?the favor of your
God, and securing these, you will have secured
that hidden treasure which you are j
now seeking and vainly hoping to find in !
j the beggarly elements of the world.
js The branches of usefulness are various? !
0 the means multiplied. We arc command, i
it ed to preach of "temperance" as well as of
:)f righteousness." And as philanthropists and
h ; christians we are as solemnly hound to pro..
mote the cansc of temperance as that of the
s.! Gospel itself. We are not permitted to se.
r.; lect only such commands as it may comport
with interest or inclination to obey?we
j ! must fulfil all the commands of God. 'If
,t: ye arc guilty ef one, ye are guilty of the
s. i whole.'
ie In proportion as light advances rcsponr,
j sibility increases. Lot i:s not then close
ly ; our eves against tliednz/.ing light which has
a- i beamed upon this subject, hut seeing its
s- 1 genial eftbets and feeling its blessed im'luat
i enccs, let us walk therein. This is the
ct era of augmenting responsibility and exalted
ic ; privilege. The duties and responsibilities
ill | of men in all their varied relations, arc plain,
e-1 ly sot lbrtli and strikingly pourtrayed. The
to j facilities for usefulness, already various, are
ill i increasing with accelerated rapid it \?a rail'
pidity which strongly betokens the npie
; proachofthc millennial glory. These things
ly ; proclaim to us in terms not to be mistaken
ir- that the King of Kings is riding forth in the
us chariot of his power, and whether men will
us hear or whether they will forbear?whether
of tltev will "do with their might what their
hands find to do, in the plans of reformation
or in the language of inglorious and saiii
ease cry a little more sleep, a little mor
slumber, a li'tle more folding of the hand
to sleep," the instruments of their ncconi
plishment will he found?their tnuniph w:i
he consummated. Wiio then will foregi
the privilege of lending a helping hand !
It is a humiliating reflection that even th<
professed disciple of Christ needs to be re
monstrated with and urged to the perform
aucc of what woiii ! seem to be the plaines
dictates of duty. V?*t it is even so. ll<
has need of line upon line and precept upoi
p.ecept. The tendenev !o evil is strong
and pervading, and acrs as a centrifuga
force to draw him from the circle of his du
ties. Toe principled grace, implanted b]
tin* divine hand in his bosom, is aoeompan
icd by an antagonist principle with whic!
it carries 0:1 a tearful conies', which is at
tended with fl.ic;u;rin?r trinmniis. Plantc<
----- I
in a corrupt soil?surrounded ui.Ii noxiou
weeds and blown upon by poisonous bias's
divine agency aside and it must wither an'
die. l>ut tills agency it is the privilege o
all to seek; and when properly sought, it
extrjon is pledged. Animated then wi I
pleasing hopes, and urged onward bv tin
h gli impulses of imperative duty, let even
energy be brought to bear upon this grea
reformation, while reliance tor success i:
placed upon the unfailing pledge of 11 in
whose prerogative it is to prosper tlie of:bra
of all uiio seek the dearest interests of men
and the glory of I'is name.
A teacher cannot have it too deevly im
pressed on his mind, that his personal exam
pie wiil probably have a more powerful < 1
feet on Irs class than ail o.h< r means ol'in
flucuce. i ills, at least, is certain, tha
whatever ?s wrong m ins example will b
soon imitated, and that ins moral instruc
tions wiil have no weight, if ins manner 01
conduct gives the least ground to doubt hi:
sincviiy. Teachers (.lien suppose tha
taeir pupils (like themselves, perhaps,) thin!
not ol the serious business of the school
nor ol its uinies and proprieties, exccp'jiU
when they are actually engaged in die icci
tu:ion ol use nour. They no no; imagine
:ha the chiicln u ever notice their levity ou
ol sclioei, or beiore they lake their sea's ii
i ; or that those young and careless being:
nave an idea ol what is consistent and be
coming in the deportment of their instruc
tors. Tucy do not suspect that they an
OilCli JJU.il.-UU UiJ IUU WUCK-UUV |IJ ? 11 :ui
l>y !heir ou n pupils or by other members o
the school, whom they may S"e or rccog
nise. Vet what teacher, who has spen
any time in the service, has not of.cn bee;
convinced that he is seen and known b;
many whom he would pass as strangers??
Wtio has not been cm brassed by the cord: a
greeting of some stripling, grown up from ;
Sunday-school child to the apprentice or tin
la I of the academy? Who that goes mucl
into Sueday-schools assemblages is not (Ve
quently accosted by name or smile, bv litik
children in the stre< t-,of whom he is at .ere
ignorant? Yes?let die teacher bo assure,
that there arc spies uoon him in the ehurel
and in iho school, and in his every.day lit!
and walks, as well as when he sits dowi
\veeklv before the class, which has not per
haps been in his mind since the Sabbat]
before.?S. S. Journal.
HORRID 31 ASS AC nr. OF 3i!SS!0.\*AIiIES.
- Mr. William M. Rurnard, form wb
second officer of the ship Selina, of Xev
I?edfcrd, arrived there in the Parachute, :
few davs since, and has furnished a detail
ml o^/iiinl r?l* flm murder of seventv nu*iv<
South Sea Island Missionaries, in the mow!
of August, 1833, at W'alliV Island. It ap
pears from his journal that the Englisi
Misssionaries at Ivoppel Island (one of In
Friendly group,) conceived the hencvolen
plan of attempting to in reduce Christianity
at Wall is Island by sending native teacher
and missionaries, thinking they would mee
with less opposi ion than fore gacrs. The;
procured them a passage to the island?but
horrid to relate, soon alter they landed, tin
whole number wore murdered in tiio mos
barbarous and inhuman manner. Mr. Car
nard was at the island at the time the massa
ere took place, and left in the sloop of wa
Vincenncs, when she touched ar that place
He left the latter vessel at Capo Town.
V' rcsby'.crum.
From thr Souther,i Agriculturist.
?*%%!. ?% CaiiiIi f * ? r/d mo A nri! !i 1 p'J t
* imuiitsi.i, My'Hil V ui VII1IU) .ipti ') .
Dear Sir,?I herewith sonii pou a lett j
from Mr. Camuk, on the subject of the Ga
ma-Grass. And as I conceived it migli
be of public advantage to publish it, I iiav
obtained his consent to do so with his naint
I therefore send it, together with my ropl
to the f .me ; and request vou to insert hot
of them in your Agriculturist.
Mr. Caniak desires tliat you will prccecJ
these letters, by so much of my article o
grasses, as relates to the gama.grass.
Yours, Mr. Editor, vcrv respectfully,
[Extract of an Article on Grasses, ly Di
James Davis.]
I have reserved an account of the? Game
grass for the last, although in the order <
rime it was one of my early experiment:
I have done so because it has iluttered nr
with a much hertcr prospect ot success ton
any other grass, and therefore, I havemoi
to say on this subject. In the summer i
193*2, I collected with dillicuhy, as mu<
Gama-grass seed as would plant a sin.'
lot. It was planted in December, (in dril
eighteen inches apart,) of that \\ ar, on
sandy lot, pretty highly manured. It can
1 up in the Anril following, and grew i
i, j floim'saini'iy. which i: has continued to '
[I I ever since. -Irons of iurr
c ! my sw<I, 1 have reserved
s time lor tha purpose ; . d
. it clown nor out exce pt s . , pnr;i
e !: , which I nil ,o ascer .<? * if ;voti!?i
be eaten by the horses ami males. both by
way of soiling, and intite form oi l) ; v ; v ecu
p experiments have been fully sal ;.vV* vy.?
. as I have s o.)J by, and have "ecu I:)<: hor.
ses v. i.h sweet corn-bin i-ws and gama-ttrrnss
hay Ik'fore ihem, eat of each without (lisi
j enni n ition or preference for tidier-?par: .
, j kiiit; first of one, and then of the other.?
r i Tiiov eat it irreejilv also in the ?. altered
* j o ?
I | state, hv wav of wish! is trriiird si/utiiiT.
. I Tne grass on tills plot grows with pro figi,
| oashiMiriitesstthe hlades ye i ili h length of
: : 'M r: i l swelve f et. and firming a sward
f * ~' " " " ' " " " '
j ! on the ground, ;;s it bands tiovvti and soitlos,
. ; of eighteen or y-Toiir inches. I have;
] ; been sedulously engaged in coliociing seeds
s 1 from this lot.and froiuo her sources,ibr which
! I have paid twenty, live cents a quart, or ten
J | dollars per bushed, until 1 have now a lot of
f; three or lour acres on rich alluvial bottom
s Ian is. Too grass here is luxurious and
i line, and next year I expect to reap a most
?; abundant harvtsi fromjif. It lias been appro.
; ! Iiend by some, that ths gr.iss is too coarse
I i to he eaten by horses and mules : but I am
fully persuaded, indeed convinced, that this
1 is a groundless apprehension. Mv own
limited trials, and authenticated trials from
I f*ir'l.no <.mmn;I r.i: r*:i? !i> sliow. that
, j VlUiUU'? ?|V.UI| 4VI VII V . - ,
t!:"se animals im> only oat it, but that they
, ? a; u v, nil avidity. li is true if may be left
:o stand v, ; SioLit curing, until :t gets toooM
: and ioiigl,; hut tbero is no necessity for
j fiiis. Its yrowli is so rapid, that it may
* ; be cut every ir.ontb an<l even at siior.er itij
terv UI-) 1 i ()i I ) April tin ii fio.v, of a Iong.li of
' f from twelve to tv.cn y.foui inches. When
in Ji?is voting state, ; as siccuf nt, tfin
<Jcr ami nutritious :.s any gr..ss I ever
] j Tiio only objection I know of to this, or
i rather, only dillieultv attending i:s cui.
5! tur , (Tor, in fact I know of no objection to
j if,) is lac i.liiiiruky and hardness of piopaga1'
t.V.g it. I: yields seed in abundance but
' but st!!! they arc scarce, and what is likely
- I to keep them so, is the singed ir manner in
which ii.e seeds mature : they form in a
i spike 'it mo lit') Oi a tab seed sunk, unci ma
I i # 7
; lure only one seed at a time. Its maturity
' I is readily known by i s dark ciiocolatc col5
; or, but if not g ric. red at once, it is apt to
be lost. Y.;c seed seldom adhere to the
spike, after ma/urity longer than 36 or 48
L> hours, and witi n it falls it is concealed in so
dense a sward t!mi it is utterly useless to
look af er ir. Of course, the collection of
" the seeds is a most tedious process, rcquir1
ing the daily attendance of hands for sever
11 a! weeks ; an J although thJ mature seeds
1 vegetate with sufficient ccrtainv, if planted
7 in November or December, yet f?om the
' carelessness of the collectors, and especially
x when collected lor sale, many unripe seeds
!? are sure to he gathered, which rentiers their
' vegetation very precarious. Tuiscircutn. .*
" stance will, doubtless, retard its extension
and rapid propagation, bur, I fed cpi Aleut, >
\ it will inevitably work its way, and ultimate.
1 ly be found on every plantation, <u;d b^n
will be esteemed us second only to the richl;
est staple production in the State. Besides
1 | i s abundant yield, and its nutri ious quali"
ties, it has some certain habitudes pectflinr .+ <
1 to itself alone, wnicli recommend its cul.
rure. In the first place, such is its special ji "1
adaptation to our climate and sou, it revels,
with luxuriance on sandy [ iu<: lands, on
, still* lands, and ligiit, lands on the r.ch allu/
vial soil of the river bottoms, and on the
* highest and dry est soi s, and on the moist
. lands of the water courses. I have never
. . . T
i seen it growing 0:1 Doggy lanjs, uu;. i
i have seen it 0:1 ilie sides of creeks, where
- 11 was subject to be overflowed by every
l freshet, and there it grows so ' ok -and vi- ^
j gorous, as to show tnat it di lights in those
t inundations. Again, it is not only perenial,
f but it forms larger and stronger roots every
s . year, and grows ranker and stronger, -and
l the period at which it may die out is entire:
Iv unknown. Li.it, forming a conjecture
. from such circumstances as.are knowp, it is,
[? doubtless, a plant of many years' duration,
t Indeed, so strong a possession docs it take
. of the land, that after five years' growth, it
. will he impracticable to reclaim the land
r from it. but by the mattock and gruobing.
hoc. No plough in this ceur.ry can do
any thing with it. These a;v rare habits
of the plant and will strike ev ry one as
rendering it invaluable ;N for no grass wilt
be found profitable "which rcqc.-v* much ?
nains to cul.ivato it, and kee, . s-.'Tort J
the lands. And moreover, ii s <*'r
could once be had cheaply and ; ?.'y,
_ it could not fail :o prove one oi - ..
j powerful restorers and fertilizers t
^ hnustcd licl Is and hill-sides, dial .
been tried. When once well sot a
ingof the land would he at an end; ; if
j suffered to grow uncut and unfed fo< bur '
or five vcars, to *diade the land in sui. : r.
i, and to spread .is own substance on the 1
to rot in winter, it could not fail to n .'.e
the poorest exhausted old field extreme! vnch.
It would require labor to grub up
the roots and reclaim the land, but win n
done, the roots alone wouid give a rich sup,
ply of manure.
Athens, Georgia, March G, 1637.
?" Dr. James Davis.
d Dear Sir:?I have to-day read, with
s- great 11 'asure, your article in the Southern
Agriculturist 4,On Grasses for South Carolinn;"
because, in i\ you speak 1 think, in
ie proper terms of the Gama-grass. I began
of mv experiments with it, about the same lime
:h with yourself, and very soon became Condi
vincetiofits exceeding great value. My ?Is
! attention was directed to it from the
a 1 viction, that we must look a- . "* uaie
| live grasses, if we wish d ; o . .... jdeii.
>fT- 'ifui supplh^ of lorn ire for ourcuttie.
.. i

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